block: fix infinite loop in __getblk_slow
authorJeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Thu, 12 Jul 2012 13:43:14 +0000 (09:43 -0400)
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Thu, 19 Jul 2012 15:58:55 +0000 (08:58 -0700)
commite2ea6a3e16a36e26af184f781ede7a12f6cff8b5
tree368ca1b2ff510ee878e351bb8b7384066dcab9ff
parent175063bccaefa0b6a4934ffaf3a9639a4a7616d0
block: fix infinite loop in __getblk_slow

commit 91f68c89d8f35fe98ea04159b9a3b42d0149478f upstream.

Commit 080399aaaf35 ("block: don't mark buffers beyond end of disk as
mapped") exposed a bug in __getblk_slow that causes mount to hang as it
loops infinitely waiting for a buffer that lies beyond the end of the
disk to become uptodate.

The problem was initially reported by Torsten Hilbrich here:

    https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/6/18/54

and also reported independently here:

    http://www.sysresccd.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=4511

and then Richard W.M.  Jones and Marcos Mello noted a few separate
bugzillas also associated with the same issue.  This patch has been
confirmed to fix:

    https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=835019

The main problem is here, in __getblk_slow:

        for (;;) {
                struct buffer_head * bh;
                int ret;

                bh = __find_get_block(bdev, block, size);
                if (bh)
                        return bh;

                ret = grow_buffers(bdev, block, size);
                if (ret < 0)
                        return NULL;
                if (ret == 0)
                        free_more_memory();
        }

__find_get_block does not find the block, since it will not be marked as
mapped, and so grow_buffers is called to fill in the buffers for the
associated page.  I believe the for (;;) loop is there primarily to
retry in the case of memory pressure keeping grow_buffers from
succeeding.  However, we also continue to loop for other cases, like the
block lying beond the end of the disk.  So, the fix I came up with is to
only loop when grow_buffers fails due to memory allocation issues
(return value of 0).

The attached patch was tested by myself, Torsten, and Rich, and was
found to resolve the problem in call cases.

Signed-off-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com>
Reported-and-Tested-by: Torsten Hilbrich <torsten.hilbrich@secunet.com>
Tested-by: Richard W.M. Jones <rjones@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@redhat.com>
[ Jens is on vacation, taking this directly  - Linus ]
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
fs/buffer.c