workqueue: perform cpu down operations from low priority cpu_notifier()
authorTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Tue, 17 Jul 2012 19:39:26 +0000 (12:39 -0700)
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Thu, 9 Aug 2012 15:31:37 +0000 (08:31 -0700)
commitd3b42543cf269243ccf2add49008db879ff7f146
treedb596959747095c3c76fa57fd8420a33a2974615
parentc7815406caf7efdd805e893caef4a63e61b7645e
workqueue: perform cpu down operations from low priority cpu_notifier()

commit 6575820221f7a4dd6eadecf7bf83cdd154335eda upstream.

Currently, all workqueue cpu hotplug operations run off
CPU_PRI_WORKQUEUE which is higher than normal notifiers.  This is to
ensure that workqueue is up and running while bringing up a CPU before
other notifiers try to use workqueue on the CPU.

Per-cpu workqueues are supposed to remain working and bound to the CPU
for normal CPU_DOWN_PREPARE notifiers.  This holds mostly true even
with workqueue offlining running with higher priority because
workqueue CPU_DOWN_PREPARE only creates a bound trustee thread which
runs the per-cpu workqueue without concurrency management without
explicitly detaching the existing workers.

However, if the trustee needs to create new workers, it creates
unbound workers which may wander off to other CPUs while
CPU_DOWN_PREPARE notifiers are in progress.  Furthermore, if the CPU
down is cancelled, the per-CPU workqueue may end up with workers which
aren't bound to the CPU.

While reliably reproducible with a convoluted artificial test-case
involving scheduling and flushing CPU burning work items from CPU down
notifiers, this isn't very likely to happen in the wild, and, even
when it happens, the effects are likely to be hidden by the following
successful CPU down.

Fix it by using different priorities for up and down notifiers - high
priority for up operations and low priority for down operations.

Workqueue cpu hotplug operations will soon go through further cleanup.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
include/linux/cpu.h
kernel/workqueue.c