futex: Fix uninterruptible loop due to gate_area
[linux-2.6.git] / kernel / workqueue.c
index 1105c47..1783aab 100644 (file)
@@ -1,19 +1,26 @@
 /*
- * linux/kernel/workqueue.c
+ * kernel/workqueue.c - generic async execution with shared worker pool
  *
- * Generic mechanism for defining kernel helper threads for running
- * arbitrary tasks in process context.
+ * Copyright (C) 2002          Ingo Molnar
  *
- * Started by Ingo Molnar, Copyright (C) 2002
+ *   Derived from the taskqueue/keventd code by:
+ *     David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
+ *     Andrew Morton
+ *     Kai Petzke <wpp@marie.physik.tu-berlin.de>
+ *     Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
  *
- * Derived from the taskqueue/keventd code by:
+ * Made to use alloc_percpu by Christoph Lameter.
  *
- *   David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
- *   Andrew Morton
- *   Kai Petzke <wpp@marie.physik.tu-berlin.de>
- *   Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
+ * Copyright (C) 2010          SUSE Linux Products GmbH
+ * Copyright (C) 2010          Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
  *
- * Made to use alloc_percpu by Christoph Lameter.
+ * This is the generic async execution mechanism.  Work items as are
+ * executed in process context.  The worker pool is shared and
+ * automatically managed.  There is one worker pool for each CPU and
+ * one extra for works which are better served by workers which are
+ * not bound to any specific CPU.
+ *
+ * Please read Documentation/workqueue.txt for details.
  */
 
 #include <linux/module.h>
@@ -72,7 +79,9 @@ enum {
        MAX_IDLE_WORKERS_RATIO  = 4,            /* 1/4 of busy can be idle */
        IDLE_WORKER_TIMEOUT     = 300 * HZ,     /* keep idle ones for 5 mins */
 
-       MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT  = HZ / 100,     /* call for help after 10ms */
+       MAYDAY_INITIAL_TIMEOUT  = HZ / 100 >= 2 ? HZ / 100 : 2,
+                                               /* call for help after 10ms
+                                                  (min two ticks) */
        MAYDAY_INTERVAL         = HZ / 10,      /* and then every 100ms */
        CREATE_COOLDOWN         = HZ,           /* time to breath after fail */
        TRUSTEE_COOLDOWN        = HZ / 10,      /* for trustee draining */
@@ -87,7 +96,8 @@ enum {
 /*
  * Structure fields follow one of the following exclusion rules.
  *
- * I: Set during initialization and read-only afterwards.
+ * I: Modifiable by initialization/destruction paths and read-only for
+ *    everyone else.
  *
  * P: Preemption protected.  Disabling preemption is enough and should
  *    only be modified and accessed from the local cpu.
@@ -195,7 +205,7 @@ typedef cpumask_var_t mayday_mask_t;
        cpumask_test_and_set_cpu((cpu), (mask))
 #define mayday_clear_cpu(cpu, mask)            cpumask_clear_cpu((cpu), (mask))
 #define for_each_mayday_cpu(cpu, mask)         for_each_cpu((cpu), (mask))
-#define alloc_mayday_mask(maskp, gfp)          alloc_cpumask_var((maskp), (gfp))
+#define alloc_mayday_mask(maskp, gfp)          zalloc_cpumask_var((maskp), (gfp))
 #define free_mayday_mask(mask)                 free_cpumask_var((mask))
 #else
 typedef unsigned long mayday_mask_t;
@@ -211,7 +221,7 @@ typedef unsigned long mayday_mask_t;
  * per-CPU workqueues:
  */
 struct workqueue_struct {
-       unsigned int            flags;          /* I: WQ_* flags */
+       unsigned int            flags;          /* W: WQ_* flags */
        union {
                struct cpu_workqueue_struct __percpu    *pcpu;
                struct cpu_workqueue_struct             *single;
@@ -230,6 +240,7 @@ struct workqueue_struct {
        mayday_mask_t           mayday_mask;    /* cpus requesting rescue */
        struct worker           *rescuer;       /* I: rescue worker */
 
+       int                     nr_drainers;    /* W: drain in progress */
        int                     saved_max_active; /* W: saved cwq max_active */
        const char              *name;          /* I: workqueue name */
 #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
@@ -241,10 +252,15 @@ struct workqueue_struct *system_wq __read_mostly;
 struct workqueue_struct *system_long_wq __read_mostly;
 struct workqueue_struct *system_nrt_wq __read_mostly;
 struct workqueue_struct *system_unbound_wq __read_mostly;
+struct workqueue_struct *system_freezable_wq __read_mostly;
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_wq);
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_long_wq);
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_nrt_wq);
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_unbound_wq);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(system_freezable_wq);
+
+#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
+#include <trace/events/workqueue.h>
 
 #define for_each_busy_worker(worker, i, pos, gcwq)                     \
        for (i = 0; i < BUSY_WORKER_HASH_SIZE; i++)                     \
@@ -303,6 +319,11 @@ static inline int __next_wq_cpu(int cpu, const struct cpumask *mask,
 
 static struct debug_obj_descr work_debug_descr;
 
+static void *work_debug_hint(void *addr)
+{
+       return ((struct work_struct *) addr)->func;
+}
+
 /*
  * fixup_init is called when:
  * - an active object is initialized
@@ -374,6 +395,7 @@ static int work_fixup_free(void *addr, enum debug_obj_state state)
 
 static struct debug_obj_descr work_debug_descr = {
        .name           = "work_struct",
+       .debug_hint     = work_debug_hint,
        .fixup_init     = work_fixup_init,
        .fixup_activate = work_fixup_activate,
        .fixup_free     = work_fixup_free,
@@ -578,7 +600,9 @@ static bool keep_working(struct global_cwq *gcwq)
 {
        atomic_t *nr_running = get_gcwq_nr_running(gcwq->cpu);
 
-       return !list_empty(&gcwq->worklist) && atomic_read(nr_running) <= 1;
+       return !list_empty(&gcwq->worklist) &&
+               (atomic_read(nr_running) <= 1 ||
+                gcwq->flags & GCWQ_HIGHPRI_PENDING);
 }
 
 /* Do we need a new worker?  Called from manager. */
@@ -648,7 +672,7 @@ void wq_worker_waking_up(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int cpu)
 {
        struct worker *worker = kthread_data(task);
 
-       if (likely(!(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)))
+       if (!(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING))
                atomic_inc(get_gcwq_nr_running(cpu));
 }
 
@@ -674,7 +698,7 @@ struct task_struct *wq_worker_sleeping(struct task_struct *task,
        struct global_cwq *gcwq = get_gcwq(cpu);
        atomic_t *nr_running = get_gcwq_nr_running(cpu);
 
-       if (unlikely(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING))
+       if (worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING)
                return NULL;
 
        /* this can only happen on the local cpu */
@@ -755,7 +779,11 @@ static inline void worker_clr_flags(struct worker *worker, unsigned int flags)
 
        worker->flags &= ~flags;
 
-       /* if transitioning out of NOT_RUNNING, increment nr_running */
+       /*
+        * If transitioning out of NOT_RUNNING, increment nr_running.  Note
+        * that the nested NOT_RUNNING is not a noop.  NOT_RUNNING is mask
+        * of multiple flags, not a single flag.
+        */
        if ((flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING) && (oflags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING))
                if (!(worker->flags & WORKER_NOT_RUNNING))
                        atomic_inc(get_gcwq_nr_running(gcwq->cpu));
@@ -919,16 +947,54 @@ static void insert_work(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq,
                wake_up_worker(gcwq);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Test whether @work is being queued from another work executing on the
+ * same workqueue.  This is rather expensive and should only be used from
+ * cold paths.
+ */
+static bool is_chained_work(struct workqueue_struct *wq)
+{
+       unsigned long flags;
+       unsigned int cpu;
+
+       for_each_gcwq_cpu(cpu) {
+               struct global_cwq *gcwq = get_gcwq(cpu);
+               struct worker *worker;
+               struct hlist_node *pos;
+               int i;
+
+               spin_lock_irqsave(&gcwq->lock, flags);
+               for_each_busy_worker(worker, i, pos, gcwq) {
+                       if (worker->task != current)
+                               continue;
+                       spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gcwq->lock, flags);
+                       /*
+                        * I'm @worker, no locking necessary.  See if @work
+                        * is headed to the same workqueue.
+                        */
+                       return worker->current_cwq->wq == wq;
+               }
+               spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gcwq->lock, flags);
+       }
+       return false;
+}
+
 static void __queue_work(unsigned int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq,
                         struct work_struct *work)
 {
        struct global_cwq *gcwq;
        struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq;
        struct list_head *worklist;
+       unsigned int work_flags;
        unsigned long flags;
 
        debug_work_activate(work);
 
+       /* if dying, only works from the same workqueue are allowed */
+       if (unlikely(wq->flags & WQ_DRAINING) &&
+           WARN_ON_ONCE(!is_chained_work(wq)))
+               return;
+
        /* determine gcwq to use */
        if (!(wq->flags & WQ_UNBOUND)) {
                struct global_cwq *last_gcwq;
@@ -967,18 +1033,23 @@ static void __queue_work(unsigned int cpu, struct workqueue_struct *wq,
 
        /* gcwq determined, get cwq and queue */
        cwq = get_cwq(gcwq->cpu, wq);
+       trace_workqueue_queue_work(cpu, cwq, work);
 
        BUG_ON(!list_empty(&work->entry));
 
        cwq->nr_in_flight[cwq->work_color]++;
+       work_flags = work_color_to_flags(cwq->work_color);
 
        if (likely(cwq->nr_active < cwq->max_active)) {
+               trace_workqueue_activate_work(work);
                cwq->nr_active++;
                worklist = gcwq_determine_ins_pos(gcwq, cwq);
-       } else
+       } else {
+               work_flags |= WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED;
                worklist = &cwq->delayed_works;
+       }
 
-       insert_work(cwq, work, worklist, work_color_to_flags(cwq->work_color));
+       insert_work(cwq, work, worklist, work_flags);
 
        spin_unlock_irqrestore(&gcwq->lock, flags);
 }
@@ -1197,6 +1268,7 @@ static void worker_leave_idle(struct worker *worker)
  * bound), %false if offline.
  */
 static bool worker_maybe_bind_and_lock(struct worker *worker)
+__acquires(&gcwq->lock)
 {
        struct global_cwq *gcwq = worker->gcwq;
        struct task_struct *task = worker->task;
@@ -1220,8 +1292,14 @@ static bool worker_maybe_bind_and_lock(struct worker *worker)
                        return true;
                spin_unlock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
 
-               /* CPU has come up inbetween, retry migration */
+               /*
+                * We've raced with CPU hot[un]plug.  Give it a breather
+                * and retry migration.  cond_resched() is required here;
+                * otherwise, we might deadlock against cpu_stop trying to
+                * bring down the CPU on non-preemptive kernel.
+                */
                cpu_relax();
+               cond_resched();
        }
 }
 
@@ -1295,8 +1373,10 @@ static struct worker *create_worker(struct global_cwq *gcwq, bool bind)
        worker->id = id;
 
        if (!on_unbound_cpu)
-               worker->task = kthread_create(worker_thread, worker,
-                                             "kworker/%u:%d", gcwq->cpu, id);
+               worker->task = kthread_create_on_node(worker_thread,
+                                                     worker,
+                                                     cpu_to_node(gcwq->cpu),
+                                                     "kworker/%u:%d", gcwq->cpu, id);
        else
                worker->task = kthread_create(worker_thread, worker,
                                              "kworker/u:%d", id);
@@ -1470,6 +1550,8 @@ static void gcwq_mayday_timeout(unsigned long __gcwq)
  * otherwise.
  */
 static bool maybe_create_worker(struct global_cwq *gcwq)
+__releases(&gcwq->lock)
+__acquires(&gcwq->lock)
 {
        if (!need_to_create_worker(gcwq))
                return false;
@@ -1643,7 +1725,9 @@ static void cwq_activate_first_delayed(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq)
                                                    struct work_struct, entry);
        struct list_head *pos = gcwq_determine_ins_pos(cwq->gcwq, cwq);
 
+       trace_workqueue_activate_work(work);
        move_linked_works(work, pos, NULL);
+       __clear_bit(WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED_BIT, work_data_bits(work));
        cwq->nr_active++;
 }
 
@@ -1651,6 +1735,7 @@ static void cwq_activate_first_delayed(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq)
  * cwq_dec_nr_in_flight - decrement cwq's nr_in_flight
  * @cwq: cwq of interest
  * @color: color of work which left the queue
+ * @delayed: for a delayed work
  *
  * A work either has completed or is removed from pending queue,
  * decrement nr_in_flight of its cwq and handle workqueue flushing.
@@ -1658,19 +1743,22 @@ static void cwq_activate_first_delayed(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq)
  * CONTEXT:
  * spin_lock_irq(gcwq->lock).
  */
-static void cwq_dec_nr_in_flight(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq, int color)
+static void cwq_dec_nr_in_flight(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq, int color,
+                                bool delayed)
 {
        /* ignore uncolored works */
        if (color == WORK_NO_COLOR)
                return;
 
        cwq->nr_in_flight[color]--;
-       cwq->nr_active--;
 
-       if (!list_empty(&cwq->delayed_works)) {
-               /* one down, submit a delayed one */
-               if (cwq->nr_active < cwq->max_active)
-                       cwq_activate_first_delayed(cwq);
+       if (!delayed) {
+               cwq->nr_active--;
+               if (!list_empty(&cwq->delayed_works)) {
+                       /* one down, submit a delayed one */
+                       if (cwq->nr_active < cwq->max_active)
+                               cwq_activate_first_delayed(cwq);
+               }
        }
 
        /* is flush in progress and are we at the flushing tip? */
@@ -1707,6 +1795,8 @@ static void cwq_dec_nr_in_flight(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq, int color)
  * spin_lock_irq(gcwq->lock) which is released and regrabbed.
  */
 static void process_one_work(struct worker *worker, struct work_struct *work)
+__releases(&gcwq->lock)
+__acquires(&gcwq->lock)
 {
        struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_work_cwq(work);
        struct global_cwq *gcwq = cwq->gcwq;
@@ -1773,9 +1863,15 @@ static void process_one_work(struct worker *worker, struct work_struct *work)
        spin_unlock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
 
        work_clear_pending(work);
-       lock_map_acquire(&cwq->wq->lockdep_map);
+       lock_map_acquire_read(&cwq->wq->lockdep_map);
        lock_map_acquire(&lockdep_map);
+       trace_workqueue_execute_start(work);
        f(work);
+       /*
+        * While we must be careful to not use "work" after this, the trace
+        * point will only record its address.
+        */
+       trace_workqueue_execute_end(work);
        lock_map_release(&lockdep_map);
        lock_map_release(&cwq->wq->lockdep_map);
 
@@ -1799,7 +1895,7 @@ static void process_one_work(struct worker *worker, struct work_struct *work)
        hlist_del_init(&worker->hentry);
        worker->current_work = NULL;
        worker->current_cwq = NULL;
-       cwq_dec_nr_in_flight(cwq, work_color);
+       cwq_dec_nr_in_flight(cwq, work_color, false);
 }
 
 /**
@@ -1970,6 +2066,15 @@ repeat:
                                move_linked_works(work, scheduled, &n);
 
                process_scheduled_works(rescuer);
+
+               /*
+                * Leave this gcwq.  If keep_working() is %true, notify a
+                * regular worker; otherwise, we end up with 0 concurrency
+                * and stalling the execution.
+                */
+               if (keep_working(gcwq))
+                       wake_up_worker(gcwq);
+
                spin_unlock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
        }
 
@@ -2025,7 +2130,7 @@ static void insert_wq_barrier(struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq,
         * checks and call back into the fixup functions where we
         * might deadlock.
         */
-       INIT_WORK_ON_STACK(&barr->work, wq_barrier_func);
+       INIT_WORK_ONSTACK(&barr->work, wq_barrier_func);
        __set_bit(WORK_STRUCT_PENDING_BIT, work_data_bits(&barr->work));
        init_completion(&barr->done);
 
@@ -2278,26 +2383,69 @@ out_unlock:
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_workqueue);
 
 /**
- * flush_work - block until a work_struct's callback has terminated
- * @work: the work which is to be flushed
- *
- * Returns false if @work has already terminated.
+ * drain_workqueue - drain a workqueue
+ * @wq: workqueue to drain
  *
- * It is expected that, prior to calling flush_work(), the caller has
- * arranged for the work to not be requeued, otherwise it doesn't make
- * sense to use this function.
+ * Wait until the workqueue becomes empty.  While draining is in progress,
+ * only chain queueing is allowed.  IOW, only currently pending or running
+ * work items on @wq can queue further work items on it.  @wq is flushed
+ * repeatedly until it becomes empty.  The number of flushing is detemined
+ * by the depth of chaining and should be relatively short.  Whine if it
+ * takes too long.
  */
-int flush_work(struct work_struct *work)
+void drain_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq)
+{
+       unsigned int flush_cnt = 0;
+       unsigned int cpu;
+
+       /*
+        * __queue_work() needs to test whether there are drainers, is much
+        * hotter than drain_workqueue() and already looks at @wq->flags.
+        * Use WQ_DRAINING so that queue doesn't have to check nr_drainers.
+        */
+       spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
+       if (!wq->nr_drainers++)
+               wq->flags |= WQ_DRAINING;
+       spin_unlock(&workqueue_lock);
+reflush:
+       flush_workqueue(wq);
+
+       for_each_cwq_cpu(cpu, wq) {
+               struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
+               bool drained;
+
+               spin_lock_irq(&cwq->gcwq->lock);
+               drained = !cwq->nr_active && list_empty(&cwq->delayed_works);
+               spin_unlock_irq(&cwq->gcwq->lock);
+
+               if (drained)
+                       continue;
+
+               if (++flush_cnt == 10 ||
+                   (flush_cnt % 100 == 0 && flush_cnt <= 1000))
+                       pr_warning("workqueue %s: flush on destruction isn't complete after %u tries\n",
+                                  wq->name, flush_cnt);
+               goto reflush;
+       }
+
+       spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
+       if (!--wq->nr_drainers)
+               wq->flags &= ~WQ_DRAINING;
+       spin_unlock(&workqueue_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(drain_workqueue);
+
+static bool start_flush_work(struct work_struct *work, struct wq_barrier *barr,
+                            bool wait_executing)
 {
        struct worker *worker = NULL;
        struct global_cwq *gcwq;
        struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq;
-       struct wq_barrier barr;
 
        might_sleep();
        gcwq = get_work_gcwq(work);
        if (!gcwq)
-               return 0;
+               return false;
 
        spin_lock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
        if (!list_empty(&work->entry)) {
@@ -2310,28 +2458,137 @@ int flush_work(struct work_struct *work)
                cwq = get_work_cwq(work);
                if (unlikely(!cwq || gcwq != cwq->gcwq))
                        goto already_gone;
-       } else {
+       } else if (wait_executing) {
                worker = find_worker_executing_work(gcwq, work);
                if (!worker)
                        goto already_gone;
                cwq = worker->current_cwq;
-       }
+       } else
+               goto already_gone;
 
-       insert_wq_barrier(cwq, &barr, work, worker);
+       insert_wq_barrier(cwq, barr, work, worker);
        spin_unlock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
 
-       lock_map_acquire(&cwq->wq->lockdep_map);
+       /*
+        * If @max_active is 1 or rescuer is in use, flushing another work
+        * item on the same workqueue may lead to deadlock.  Make sure the
+        * flusher is not running on the same workqueue by verifying write
+        * access.
+        */
+       if (cwq->wq->saved_max_active == 1 || cwq->wq->flags & WQ_RESCUER)
+               lock_map_acquire(&cwq->wq->lockdep_map);
+       else
+               lock_map_acquire_read(&cwq->wq->lockdep_map);
        lock_map_release(&cwq->wq->lockdep_map);
 
-       wait_for_completion(&barr.done);
-       destroy_work_on_stack(&barr.work);
-       return 1;
+       return true;
 already_gone:
        spin_unlock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
-       return 0;
+       return false;
+}
+
+/**
+ * flush_work - wait for a work to finish executing the last queueing instance
+ * @work: the work to flush
+ *
+ * Wait until @work has finished execution.  This function considers
+ * only the last queueing instance of @work.  If @work has been
+ * enqueued across different CPUs on a non-reentrant workqueue or on
+ * multiple workqueues, @work might still be executing on return on
+ * some of the CPUs from earlier queueing.
+ *
+ * If @work was queued only on a non-reentrant, ordered or unbound
+ * workqueue, @work is guaranteed to be idle on return if it hasn't
+ * been requeued since flush started.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %true if flush_work() waited for the work to finish execution,
+ * %false if it was already idle.
+ */
+bool flush_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+       struct wq_barrier barr;
+
+       if (start_flush_work(work, &barr, true)) {
+               wait_for_completion(&barr.done);
+               destroy_work_on_stack(&barr.work);
+               return true;
+       } else
+               return false;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_work);
 
+static bool wait_on_cpu_work(struct global_cwq *gcwq, struct work_struct *work)
+{
+       struct wq_barrier barr;
+       struct worker *worker;
+
+       spin_lock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
+
+       worker = find_worker_executing_work(gcwq, work);
+       if (unlikely(worker))
+               insert_wq_barrier(worker->current_cwq, &barr, work, worker);
+
+       spin_unlock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
+
+       if (unlikely(worker)) {
+               wait_for_completion(&barr.done);
+               destroy_work_on_stack(&barr.work);
+               return true;
+       } else
+               return false;
+}
+
+static bool wait_on_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+       bool ret = false;
+       int cpu;
+
+       might_sleep();
+
+       lock_map_acquire(&work->lockdep_map);
+       lock_map_release(&work->lockdep_map);
+
+       for_each_gcwq_cpu(cpu)
+               ret |= wait_on_cpu_work(get_gcwq(cpu), work);
+       return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * flush_work_sync - wait until a work has finished execution
+ * @work: the work to flush
+ *
+ * Wait until @work has finished execution.  On return, it's
+ * guaranteed that all queueing instances of @work which happened
+ * before this function is called are finished.  In other words, if
+ * @work hasn't been requeued since this function was called, @work is
+ * guaranteed to be idle on return.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %true if flush_work_sync() waited for the work to finish execution,
+ * %false if it was already idle.
+ */
+bool flush_work_sync(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+       struct wq_barrier barr;
+       bool pending, waited;
+
+       /* we'll wait for executions separately, queue barr only if pending */
+       pending = start_flush_work(work, &barr, false);
+
+       /* wait for executions to finish */
+       waited = wait_on_work(work);
+
+       /* wait for the pending one */
+       if (pending) {
+               wait_for_completion(&barr.done);
+               destroy_work_on_stack(&barr.work);
+       }
+
+       return pending || waited;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(flush_work_sync);
+
 /*
  * Upon a successful return (>= 0), the caller "owns" WORK_STRUCT_PENDING bit,
  * so this work can't be re-armed in any way.
@@ -2364,7 +2621,8 @@ static int try_to_grab_pending(struct work_struct *work)
                        debug_work_deactivate(work);
                        list_del_init(&work->entry);
                        cwq_dec_nr_in_flight(get_work_cwq(work),
-                                            get_work_color(work));
+                               get_work_color(work),
+                               *work_data_bits(work) & WORK_STRUCT_DELAYED);
                        ret = 1;
                }
        }
@@ -2373,39 +2631,7 @@ static int try_to_grab_pending(struct work_struct *work)
        return ret;
 }
 
-static void wait_on_cpu_work(struct global_cwq *gcwq, struct work_struct *work)
-{
-       struct wq_barrier barr;
-       struct worker *worker;
-
-       spin_lock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
-
-       worker = find_worker_executing_work(gcwq, work);
-       if (unlikely(worker))
-               insert_wq_barrier(worker->current_cwq, &barr, work, worker);
-
-       spin_unlock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
-
-       if (unlikely(worker)) {
-               wait_for_completion(&barr.done);
-               destroy_work_on_stack(&barr.work);
-       }
-}
-
-static void wait_on_work(struct work_struct *work)
-{
-       int cpu;
-
-       might_sleep();
-
-       lock_map_acquire(&work->lockdep_map);
-       lock_map_release(&work->lockdep_map);
-
-       for_each_gcwq_cpu(cpu)
-               wait_on_cpu_work(get_gcwq(cpu), work);
-}
-
-static int __cancel_work_timer(struct work_struct *work,
+static bool __cancel_work_timer(struct work_struct *work,
                                struct timer_list* timer)
 {
        int ret;
@@ -2422,42 +2648,81 @@ static int __cancel_work_timer(struct work_struct *work,
 }
 
 /**
- * cancel_work_sync - block until a work_struct's callback has terminated
- * @work: the work which is to be flushed
- *
- * Returns true if @work was pending.
+ * cancel_work_sync - cancel a work and wait for it to finish
+ * @work: the work to cancel
  *
- * cancel_work_sync() will cancel the work if it is queued. If the work's
- * callback appears to be running, cancel_work_sync() will block until it
- * has completed.
+ * Cancel @work and wait for its execution to finish.  This function
+ * can be used even if the work re-queues itself or migrates to
+ * another workqueue.  On return from this function, @work is
+ * guaranteed to be not pending or executing on any CPU.
  *
- * It is possible to use this function if the work re-queues itself. It can
- * cancel the work even if it migrates to another workqueue, however in that
- * case it only guarantees that work->func() has completed on the last queued
- * workqueue.
+ * cancel_work_sync(&delayed_work->work) must not be used for
+ * delayed_work's.  Use cancel_delayed_work_sync() instead.
  *
- * cancel_work_sync(&delayed_work->work) should be used only if ->timer is not
- * pending, otherwise it goes into a busy-wait loop until the timer expires.
- *
- * The caller must ensure that workqueue_struct on which this work was last
+ * The caller must ensure that the workqueue on which @work was last
  * queued can't be destroyed before this function returns.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %true if @work was pending, %false otherwise.
  */
-int cancel_work_sync(struct work_struct *work)
+bool cancel_work_sync(struct work_struct *work)
 {
        return __cancel_work_timer(work, NULL);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cancel_work_sync);
 
 /**
- * cancel_delayed_work_sync - reliably kill off a delayed work.
- * @dwork: the delayed work struct
+ * flush_delayed_work - wait for a dwork to finish executing the last queueing
+ * @dwork: the delayed work to flush
  *
- * Returns true if @dwork was pending.
+ * Delayed timer is cancelled and the pending work is queued for
+ * immediate execution.  Like flush_work(), this function only
+ * considers the last queueing instance of @dwork.
  *
- * It is possible to use this function if @dwork rearms itself via queue_work()
- * or queue_delayed_work(). See also the comment for cancel_work_sync().
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %true if flush_work() waited for the work to finish execution,
+ * %false if it was already idle.
+ */
+bool flush_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork)
+{
+       if (del_timer_sync(&dwork->timer))
+               __queue_work(raw_smp_processor_id(),
+                            get_work_cwq(&dwork->work)->wq, &dwork->work);
+       return flush_work(&dwork->work);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_delayed_work);
+
+/**
+ * flush_delayed_work_sync - wait for a dwork to finish
+ * @dwork: the delayed work to flush
+ *
+ * Delayed timer is cancelled and the pending work is queued for
+ * execution immediately.  Other than timer handling, its behavior
+ * is identical to flush_work_sync().
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %true if flush_work_sync() waited for the work to finish execution,
+ * %false if it was already idle.
  */
-int cancel_delayed_work_sync(struct delayed_work *dwork)
+bool flush_delayed_work_sync(struct delayed_work *dwork)
+{
+       if (del_timer_sync(&dwork->timer))
+               __queue_work(raw_smp_processor_id(),
+                            get_work_cwq(&dwork->work)->wq, &dwork->work);
+       return flush_work_sync(&dwork->work);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_delayed_work_sync);
+
+/**
+ * cancel_delayed_work_sync - cancel a delayed work and wait for it to finish
+ * @dwork: the delayed work cancel
+ *
+ * This is cancel_work_sync() for delayed works.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %true if @dwork was pending, %false otherwise.
+ */
+bool cancel_delayed_work_sync(struct delayed_work *dwork)
 {
        return __cancel_work_timer(&dwork->work, &dwork->timer);
 }
@@ -2509,23 +2774,6 @@ int schedule_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork,
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule_delayed_work);
 
 /**
- * flush_delayed_work - block until a dwork_struct's callback has terminated
- * @dwork: the delayed work which is to be flushed
- *
- * Any timeout is cancelled, and any pending work is run immediately.
- */
-void flush_delayed_work(struct delayed_work *dwork)
-{
-       if (del_timer_sync(&dwork->timer)) {
-               __queue_work(get_cpu(), get_work_cwq(&dwork->work)->wq,
-                            &dwork->work);
-               put_cpu();
-       }
-       flush_work(&dwork->work);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(flush_delayed_work);
-
-/**
  * schedule_delayed_work_on - queue work in global workqueue on CPU after delay
  * @cpu: cpu to use
  * @dwork: job to be done
@@ -2542,18 +2790,20 @@ int schedule_delayed_work_on(int cpu,
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule_delayed_work_on);
 
 /**
- * schedule_on_each_cpu - call a function on each online CPU from keventd
+ * schedule_on_each_cpu - execute a function synchronously on each online CPU
  * @func: the function to call
  *
- * Returns zero on success.
- * Returns -ve errno on failure.
- *
+ * schedule_on_each_cpu() executes @func on each online CPU using the
+ * system workqueue and blocks until all CPUs have completed.
  * schedule_on_each_cpu() is very slow.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * 0 on success, -errno on failure.
  */
 int schedule_on_each_cpu(work_func_t func)
 {
        int cpu;
-       struct work_struct *works;
+       struct work_struct __percpu *works;
 
        works = alloc_percpu(struct work_struct);
        if (!works)
@@ -2714,6 +2964,13 @@ struct workqueue_struct *__alloc_workqueue_key(const char *name,
        unsigned int cpu;
 
        /*
+        * Workqueues which may be used during memory reclaim should
+        * have a rescuer to guarantee forward progress.
+        */
+       if (flags & WQ_MEM_RECLAIM)
+               flags |= WQ_RESCUER;
+
+       /*
         * Unbound workqueues aren't concurrency managed and should be
         * dispatched to workers immediately.
         */
@@ -2767,7 +3024,6 @@ struct workqueue_struct *__alloc_workqueue_key(const char *name,
                if (IS_ERR(rescuer->task))
                        goto err;
 
-               wq->rescuer = rescuer;
                rescuer->task->flags |= PF_THREAD_BOUND;
                wake_up_process(rescuer->task);
        }
@@ -2779,7 +3035,7 @@ struct workqueue_struct *__alloc_workqueue_key(const char *name,
         */
        spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
 
-       if (workqueue_freezing && wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE)
+       if (workqueue_freezing && wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE)
                for_each_cwq_cpu(cpu, wq)
                        get_cwq(cpu, wq)->max_active = 0;
 
@@ -2809,7 +3065,8 @@ void destroy_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq)
 {
        unsigned int cpu;
 
-       flush_workqueue(wq);
+       /* drain it before proceeding with destruction */
+       drain_workqueue(wq);
 
        /*
         * wq list is used to freeze wq, remove from list after
@@ -2833,6 +3090,7 @@ void destroy_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq)
        if (wq->flags & WQ_RESCUER) {
                kthread_stop(wq->rescuer->task);
                free_mayday_mask(wq->mayday_mask);
+               kfree(wq->rescuer);
        }
 
        free_cwqs(wq);
@@ -2865,7 +3123,7 @@ void workqueue_set_max_active(struct workqueue_struct *wq, int max_active)
 
                spin_lock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
 
-               if (!(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE) ||
+               if (!(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE) ||
                    !(gcwq->flags & GCWQ_FREEZING))
                        get_cwq(gcwq->cpu, wq)->max_active = max_active;
 
@@ -3115,7 +3373,7 @@ static int __cpuinit trustee_thread(void *__gcwq)
         * want to get it over with ASAP - spam rescuers, wake up as
         * many idlers as necessary and create new ones till the
         * worklist is empty.  Note that if the gcwq is frozen, there
-        * may be frozen works in freezeable cwqs.  Don't declare
+        * may be frozen works in freezable cwqs.  Don't declare
         * completion while frozen.
         */
        while (gcwq->nr_workers != gcwq->nr_idle ||
@@ -3215,6 +3473,8 @@ static int __cpuinit trustee_thread(void *__gcwq)
  * multiple times.  To be used by cpu_callback.
  */
 static void __cpuinit wait_trustee_state(struct global_cwq *gcwq, int state)
+__releases(&gcwq->lock)
+__acquires(&gcwq->lock)
 {
        if (!(gcwq->trustee_state == state ||
              gcwq->trustee_state == TRUSTEE_DONE)) {
@@ -3371,9 +3631,9 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_on_cpu);
 /**
  * freeze_workqueues_begin - begin freezing workqueues
  *
- * Start freezing workqueues.  After this function returns, all
- * freezeable workqueues will queue new works to their frozen_works
- * list instead of gcwq->worklist.
+ * Start freezing workqueues.  After this function returns, all freezable
+ * workqueues will queue new works to their frozen_works list instead of
+ * gcwq->worklist.
  *
  * CONTEXT:
  * Grabs and releases workqueue_lock and gcwq->lock's.
@@ -3399,7 +3659,7 @@ void freeze_workqueues_begin(void)
                list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) {
                        struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
 
-                       if (cwq && wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE)
+                       if (cwq && wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE)
                                cwq->max_active = 0;
                }
 
@@ -3410,7 +3670,7 @@ void freeze_workqueues_begin(void)
 }
 
 /**
- * freeze_workqueues_busy - are freezeable workqueues still busy?
+ * freeze_workqueues_busy - are freezable workqueues still busy?
  *
  * Check whether freezing is complete.  This function must be called
  * between freeze_workqueues_begin() and thaw_workqueues().
@@ -3419,8 +3679,8 @@ void freeze_workqueues_begin(void)
  * Grabs and releases workqueue_lock.
  *
  * RETURNS:
- * %true if some freezeable workqueues are still busy.  %false if
- * freezing is complete.
+ * %true if some freezable workqueues are still busy.  %false if freezing
+ * is complete.
  */
 bool freeze_workqueues_busy(void)
 {
@@ -3440,7 +3700,7 @@ bool freeze_workqueues_busy(void)
                list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) {
                        struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
 
-                       if (!cwq || !(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE))
+                       if (!cwq || !(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE))
                                continue;
 
                        BUG_ON(cwq->nr_active < 0);
@@ -3485,7 +3745,7 @@ void thaw_workqueues(void)
                list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) {
                        struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
 
-                       if (!cwq || !(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE))
+                       if (!cwq || !(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZABLE))
                                continue;
 
                        /* restore max_active and repopulate worklist */
@@ -3507,12 +3767,12 @@ out_unlock:
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_FREEZER */
 
-void __init init_workqueues(void)
+static int __init init_workqueues(void)
 {
        unsigned int cpu;
        int i;
 
-       hotcpu_notifier(workqueue_cpu_callback, CPU_PRI_WORKQUEUE);
+       cpu_notifier(workqueue_cpu_callback, CPU_PRI_WORKQUEUE);
 
        /* initialize gcwqs */
        for_each_gcwq_cpu(cpu) {
@@ -3521,8 +3781,7 @@ void __init init_workqueues(void)
                spin_lock_init(&gcwq->lock);
                INIT_LIST_HEAD(&gcwq->worklist);
                gcwq->cpu = cpu;
-               if (cpu == WORK_CPU_UNBOUND)
-                       gcwq->flags |= GCWQ_DISASSOCIATED;
+               gcwq->flags |= GCWQ_DISASSOCIATED;
 
                INIT_LIST_HEAD(&gcwq->idle_list);
                for (i = 0; i < BUSY_WORKER_HASH_SIZE; i++)
@@ -3546,6 +3805,8 @@ void __init init_workqueues(void)
                struct global_cwq *gcwq = get_gcwq(cpu);
                struct worker *worker;
 
+               if (cpu != WORK_CPU_UNBOUND)
+                       gcwq->flags &= ~GCWQ_DISASSOCIATED;
                worker = create_worker(gcwq, true);
                BUG_ON(!worker);
                spin_lock_irq(&gcwq->lock);
@@ -3558,5 +3819,10 @@ void __init init_workqueues(void)
        system_nrt_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_nrt", WQ_NON_REENTRANT, 0);
        system_unbound_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_unbound", WQ_UNBOUND,
                                            WQ_UNBOUND_MAX_ACTIVE);
-       BUG_ON(!system_wq || !system_long_wq || !system_nrt_wq);
+       system_freezable_wq = alloc_workqueue("events_freezable",
+                                             WQ_FREEZABLE, 0);
+       BUG_ON(!system_wq || !system_long_wq || !system_nrt_wq ||
+              !system_unbound_wq || !system_freezable_wq);
+       return 0;
 }
+early_initcall(init_workqueues);