Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/sparc-2.6
[linux-2.6.git] / sound / usb / usbmidi.c
1 /*
2  * usbmidi.c - ALSA USB MIDI driver
3  *
4  * Copyright (c) 2002-2009 Clemens Ladisch
5  * All rights reserved.
6  *
7  * Based on the OSS usb-midi driver by NAGANO Daisuke,
8  *          NetBSD's umidi driver by Takuya SHIOZAKI,
9  *          the "USB Device Class Definition for MIDI Devices" by Roland
10  *
11  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
12  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
13  * are met:
14  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
15  *    notice, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer,
16  *    without modification.
17  * 2. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
18  *    derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
19  *
20  * Alternatively, this software may be distributed and/or modified under the
21  * terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
22  * Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later
23  * version.
24  *
25  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
26  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
27  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
28  * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
29  * ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
30  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
31  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
32  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
33  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
34  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
35  * SUCH DAMAGE.
36  */
37
38 #include <linux/kernel.h>
39 #include <linux/types.h>
40 #include <linux/bitops.h>
41 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
42 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
43 #include <linux/string.h>
44 #include <linux/init.h>
45 #include <linux/slab.h>
46 #include <linux/timer.h>
47 #include <linux/usb.h>
48 #include <linux/wait.h>
49 #include <linux/usb/audio.h>
50
51 #include <sound/core.h>
52 #include <sound/control.h>
53 #include <sound/rawmidi.h>
54 #include <sound/asequencer.h>
55 #include "usbaudio.h"
56
57
58 /*
59  * define this to log all USB packets
60  */
61 /* #define DUMP_PACKETS */
62
63 /*
64  * how long to wait after some USB errors, so that khubd can disconnect() us
65  * without too many spurious errors
66  */
67 #define ERROR_DELAY_JIFFIES (HZ / 10)
68
69 #define OUTPUT_URBS 7
70 #define INPUT_URBS 7
71
72
73 MODULE_AUTHOR("Clemens Ladisch <clemens@ladisch.de>");
74 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("USB Audio/MIDI helper module");
75 MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");
76
77
78 struct usb_ms_header_descriptor {
79         __u8  bLength;
80         __u8  bDescriptorType;
81         __u8  bDescriptorSubtype;
82         __u8  bcdMSC[2];
83         __le16 wTotalLength;
84 } __attribute__ ((packed));
85
86 struct usb_ms_endpoint_descriptor {
87         __u8  bLength;
88         __u8  bDescriptorType;
89         __u8  bDescriptorSubtype;
90         __u8  bNumEmbMIDIJack;
91         __u8  baAssocJackID[0];
92 } __attribute__ ((packed));
93
94 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint;
95 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint;
96 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint;
97
98 struct usb_protocol_ops {
99         void (*input)(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint*, uint8_t*, int);
100         void (*output)(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep, struct urb *urb);
101         void (*output_packet)(struct urb*, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t);
102         void (*init_out_endpoint)(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint*);
103         void (*finish_out_endpoint)(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint*);
104 };
105
106 struct snd_usb_midi {
107         struct usb_device *dev;
108         struct snd_card *card;
109         struct usb_interface *iface;
110         const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk;
111         struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi;
112         struct usb_protocol_ops* usb_protocol_ops;
113         struct list_head list;
114         struct timer_list error_timer;
115         spinlock_t disc_lock;
116         struct mutex mutex;
117         u32 usb_id;
118         int next_midi_device;
119
120         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint {
121                 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *out;
122                 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *in;
123         } endpoints[MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS];
124         unsigned long input_triggered;
125         unsigned int opened;
126         unsigned char disconnected;
127
128         struct snd_kcontrol *roland_load_ctl;
129 };
130
131 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint {
132         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
133         struct out_urb_context {
134                 struct urb *urb;
135                 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep;
136         } urbs[OUTPUT_URBS];
137         unsigned int active_urbs;
138         unsigned int drain_urbs;
139         int max_transfer;               /* size of urb buffer */
140         struct tasklet_struct tasklet;
141         unsigned int next_urb;
142         spinlock_t buffer_lock;
143
144         struct usbmidi_out_port {
145                 struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep;
146                 struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream;
147                 int active;
148                 uint8_t cable;          /* cable number << 4 */
149                 uint8_t state;
150 #define STATE_UNKNOWN   0
151 #define STATE_1PARAM    1
152 #define STATE_2PARAM_1  2
153 #define STATE_2PARAM_2  3
154 #define STATE_SYSEX_0   4
155 #define STATE_SYSEX_1   5
156 #define STATE_SYSEX_2   6
157                 uint8_t data[2];
158         } ports[0x10];
159         int current_port;
160
161         wait_queue_head_t drain_wait;
162 };
163
164 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint {
165         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
166         struct urb* urbs[INPUT_URBS];
167         struct usbmidi_in_port {
168                 struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream;
169                 u8 running_status_length;
170         } ports[0x10];
171         u8 seen_f5;
172         u8 error_resubmit;
173         int current_port;
174 };
175
176 static void snd_usbmidi_do_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep);
177
178 static const uint8_t snd_usbmidi_cin_length[] = {
179         0, 0, 2, 3, 3, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 1
180 };
181
182 /*
183  * Submits the URB, with error handling.
184  */
185 static int snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(struct urb* urb, gfp_t flags)
186 {
187         int err = usb_submit_urb(urb, flags);
188         if (err < 0 && err != -ENODEV)
189                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "usb_submit_urb: %d\n", err);
190         return err;
191 }
192
193 /*
194  * Error handling for URB completion functions.
195  */
196 static int snd_usbmidi_urb_error(int status)
197 {
198         switch (status) {
199         /* manually unlinked, or device gone */
200         case -ENOENT:
201         case -ECONNRESET:
202         case -ESHUTDOWN:
203         case -ENODEV:
204                 return -ENODEV;
205         /* errors that might occur during unplugging */
206         case -EPROTO:
207         case -ETIME:
208         case -EILSEQ:
209                 return -EIO;
210         default:
211                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "urb status %d\n", status);
212                 return 0; /* continue */
213         }
214 }
215
216 /*
217  * Receives a chunk of MIDI data.
218  */
219 static void snd_usbmidi_input_data(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep, int portidx,
220                                    uint8_t* data, int length)
221 {
222         struct usbmidi_in_port* port = &ep->ports[portidx];
223
224         if (!port->substream) {
225                 snd_printd("unexpected port %d!\n", portidx);
226                 return;
227         }
228         if (!test_bit(port->substream->number, &ep->umidi->input_triggered))
229                 return;
230         snd_rawmidi_receive(port->substream, data, length);
231 }
232
233 #ifdef DUMP_PACKETS
234 static void dump_urb(const char *type, const u8 *data, int length)
235 {
236         snd_printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s packet: [", type);
237         for (; length > 0; ++data, --length)
238                 printk(" %02x", *data);
239         printk(" ]\n");
240 }
241 #else
242 #define dump_urb(type, data, length) /* nothing */
243 #endif
244
245 /*
246  * Processes the data read from the device.
247  */
248 static void snd_usbmidi_in_urb_complete(struct urb* urb)
249 {
250         struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep = urb->context;
251
252         if (urb->status == 0) {
253                 dump_urb("received", urb->transfer_buffer, urb->actual_length);
254                 ep->umidi->usb_protocol_ops->input(ep, urb->transfer_buffer,
255                                                    urb->actual_length);
256         } else {
257                 int err = snd_usbmidi_urb_error(urb->status);
258                 if (err < 0) {
259                         if (err != -ENODEV) {
260                                 ep->error_resubmit = 1;
261                                 mod_timer(&ep->umidi->error_timer,
262                                           jiffies + ERROR_DELAY_JIFFIES);
263                         }
264                         return;
265                 }
266         }
267
268         urb->dev = ep->umidi->dev;
269         snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
270 }
271
272 static void snd_usbmidi_out_urb_complete(struct urb* urb)
273 {
274         struct out_urb_context *context = urb->context;
275         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep = context->ep;
276         unsigned int urb_index;
277
278         spin_lock(&ep->buffer_lock);
279         urb_index = context - ep->urbs;
280         ep->active_urbs &= ~(1 << urb_index);
281         if (unlikely(ep->drain_urbs)) {
282                 ep->drain_urbs &= ~(1 << urb_index);
283                 wake_up(&ep->drain_wait);
284         }
285         spin_unlock(&ep->buffer_lock);
286         if (urb->status < 0) {
287                 int err = snd_usbmidi_urb_error(urb->status);
288                 if (err < 0) {
289                         if (err != -ENODEV)
290                                 mod_timer(&ep->umidi->error_timer,
291                                           jiffies + ERROR_DELAY_JIFFIES);
292                         return;
293                 }
294         }
295         snd_usbmidi_do_output(ep);
296 }
297
298 /*
299  * This is called when some data should be transferred to the device
300  * (from one or more substreams).
301  */
302 static void snd_usbmidi_do_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
303 {
304         unsigned int urb_index;
305         struct urb* urb;
306         unsigned long flags;
307
308         spin_lock_irqsave(&ep->buffer_lock, flags);
309         if (ep->umidi->disconnected) {
310                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ep->buffer_lock, flags);
311                 return;
312         }
313
314         urb_index = ep->next_urb;
315         for (;;) {
316                 if (!(ep->active_urbs & (1 << urb_index))) {
317                         urb = ep->urbs[urb_index].urb;
318                         urb->transfer_buffer_length = 0;
319                         ep->umidi->usb_protocol_ops->output(ep, urb);
320                         if (urb->transfer_buffer_length == 0)
321                                 break;
322
323                         dump_urb("sending", urb->transfer_buffer,
324                                  urb->transfer_buffer_length);
325                         urb->dev = ep->umidi->dev;
326                         if (snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC) < 0)
327                                 break;
328                         ep->active_urbs |= 1 << urb_index;
329                 }
330                 if (++urb_index >= OUTPUT_URBS)
331                         urb_index = 0;
332                 if (urb_index == ep->next_urb)
333                         break;
334         }
335         ep->next_urb = urb_index;
336         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ep->buffer_lock, flags);
337 }
338
339 static void snd_usbmidi_out_tasklet(unsigned long data)
340 {
341         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep = (struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *) data;
342
343         snd_usbmidi_do_output(ep);
344 }
345
346 /* called after transfers had been interrupted due to some USB error */
347 static void snd_usbmidi_error_timer(unsigned long data)
348 {
349         struct snd_usb_midi *umidi = (struct snd_usb_midi *)data;
350         unsigned int i, j;
351
352         spin_lock(&umidi->disc_lock);
353         if (umidi->disconnected) {
354                 spin_unlock(&umidi->disc_lock);
355                 return;
356         }
357         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
358                 struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *in = umidi->endpoints[i].in;
359                 if (in && in->error_resubmit) {
360                         in->error_resubmit = 0;
361                         for (j = 0; j < INPUT_URBS; ++j) {
362                                 in->urbs[j]->dev = umidi->dev;
363                                 snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(in->urbs[j], GFP_ATOMIC);
364                         }
365                 }
366                 if (umidi->endpoints[i].out)
367                         snd_usbmidi_do_output(umidi->endpoints[i].out);
368         }
369         spin_unlock(&umidi->disc_lock);
370 }
371
372 /* helper function to send static data that may not DMA-able */
373 static int send_bulk_static_data(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
374                                  const void *data, int len)
375 {
376         int err = 0;
377         void *buf = kmemdup(data, len, GFP_KERNEL);
378         if (!buf)
379                 return -ENOMEM;
380         dump_urb("sending", buf, len);
381         if (ep->urbs[0].urb)
382                 err = usb_bulk_msg(ep->umidi->dev, ep->urbs[0].urb->pipe,
383                                    buf, len, NULL, 250);
384         kfree(buf);
385         return err;
386 }
387
388 /*
389  * Standard USB MIDI protocol: see the spec.
390  * Midiman protocol: like the standard protocol, but the control byte is the
391  * fourth byte in each packet, and uses length instead of CIN.
392  */
393
394 static void snd_usbmidi_standard_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
395                                        uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
396 {
397         int i;
398
399         for (i = 0; i + 3 < buffer_length; i += 4)
400                 if (buffer[i] != 0) {
401                         int cable = buffer[i] >> 4;
402                         int length = snd_usbmidi_cin_length[buffer[i] & 0x0f];
403                         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, cable, &buffer[i + 1], length);
404                 }
405 }
406
407 static void snd_usbmidi_midiman_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
408                                       uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
409 {
410         int i;
411
412         for (i = 0; i + 3 < buffer_length; i += 4)
413                 if (buffer[i + 3] != 0) {
414                         int port = buffer[i + 3] >> 4;
415                         int length = buffer[i + 3] & 3;
416                         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, port, &buffer[i], length);
417                 }
418 }
419
420 /*
421  * Buggy M-Audio device: running status on input results in a packet that has
422  * the data bytes but not the status byte and that is marked with CIN 4.
423  */
424 static void snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_input(
425                                         struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
426                                         uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
427 {
428         int i;
429
430         for (i = 0; i + 3 < buffer_length; i += 4)
431                 if (buffer[i] != 0) {
432                         int cable = buffer[i] >> 4;
433                         u8 cin = buffer[i] & 0x0f;
434                         struct usbmidi_in_port *port = &ep->ports[cable];
435                         int length;
436                         
437                         length = snd_usbmidi_cin_length[cin];
438                         if (cin == 0xf && buffer[i + 1] >= 0xf8)
439                                 ; /* realtime msg: no running status change */
440                         else if (cin >= 0x8 && cin <= 0xe)
441                                 /* channel msg */
442                                 port->running_status_length = length - 1;
443                         else if (cin == 0x4 &&
444                                  port->running_status_length != 0 &&
445                                  buffer[i + 1] < 0x80)
446                                 /* CIN 4 that is not a SysEx */
447                                 length = port->running_status_length;
448                         else
449                                 /*
450                                  * All other msgs cannot begin running status.
451                                  * (A channel msg sent as two or three CIN 0xF
452                                  * packets could in theory, but this device
453                                  * doesn't use this format.)
454                                  */
455                                 port->running_status_length = 0;
456                         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, cable, &buffer[i + 1], length);
457                 }
458 }
459
460 /*
461  * CME protocol: like the standard protocol, but SysEx commands are sent as a
462  * single USB packet preceded by a 0x0F byte.
463  */
464 static void snd_usbmidi_cme_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *ep,
465                                   uint8_t *buffer, int buffer_length)
466 {
467         if (buffer_length < 2 || (buffer[0] & 0x0f) != 0x0f)
468                 snd_usbmidi_standard_input(ep, buffer, buffer_length);
469         else
470                 snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, buffer[0] >> 4,
471                                        &buffer[1], buffer_length - 1);
472 }
473
474 /*
475  * Adds one USB MIDI packet to the output buffer.
476  */
477 static void snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet(struct urb* urb, uint8_t p0,
478                                                uint8_t p1, uint8_t p2, uint8_t p3)
479 {
480
481         uint8_t* buf = (uint8_t*)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->transfer_buffer_length;
482         buf[0] = p0;
483         buf[1] = p1;
484         buf[2] = p2;
485         buf[3] = p3;
486         urb->transfer_buffer_length += 4;
487 }
488
489 /*
490  * Adds one Midiman packet to the output buffer.
491  */
492 static void snd_usbmidi_output_midiman_packet(struct urb* urb, uint8_t p0,
493                                               uint8_t p1, uint8_t p2, uint8_t p3)
494 {
495
496         uint8_t* buf = (uint8_t*)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->transfer_buffer_length;
497         buf[0] = p1;
498         buf[1] = p2;
499         buf[2] = p3;
500         buf[3] = (p0 & 0xf0) | snd_usbmidi_cin_length[p0 & 0x0f];
501         urb->transfer_buffer_length += 4;
502 }
503
504 /*
505  * Converts MIDI commands to USB MIDI packets.
506  */
507 static void snd_usbmidi_transmit_byte(struct usbmidi_out_port* port,
508                                       uint8_t b, struct urb* urb)
509 {
510         uint8_t p0 = port->cable;
511         void (*output_packet)(struct urb*, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t, uint8_t) =
512                 port->ep->umidi->usb_protocol_ops->output_packet;
513
514         if (b >= 0xf8) {
515                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x0f, b, 0, 0);
516         } else if (b >= 0xf0) {
517                 switch (b) {
518                 case 0xf0:
519                         port->data[0] = b;
520                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_1;
521                         break;
522                 case 0xf1:
523                 case 0xf3:
524                         port->data[0] = b;
525                         port->state = STATE_1PARAM;
526                         break;
527                 case 0xf2:
528                         port->data[0] = b;
529                         port->state = STATE_2PARAM_1;
530                         break;
531                 case 0xf4:
532                 case 0xf5:
533                         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
534                         break;
535                 case 0xf6:
536                         output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x05, 0xf6, 0, 0);
537                         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
538                         break;
539                 case 0xf7:
540                         switch (port->state) {
541                         case STATE_SYSEX_0:
542                                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x05, 0xf7, 0, 0);
543                                 break;
544                         case STATE_SYSEX_1:
545                                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x06, port->data[0], 0xf7, 0);
546                                 break;
547                         case STATE_SYSEX_2:
548                                 output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x07, port->data[0], port->data[1], 0xf7);
549                                 break;
550                         }
551                         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
552                         break;
553                 }
554         } else if (b >= 0x80) {
555                 port->data[0] = b;
556                 if (b >= 0xc0 && b <= 0xdf)
557                         port->state = STATE_1PARAM;
558                 else
559                         port->state = STATE_2PARAM_1;
560         } else { /* b < 0x80 */
561                 switch (port->state) {
562                 case STATE_1PARAM:
563                         if (port->data[0] < 0xf0) {
564                                 p0 |= port->data[0] >> 4;
565                         } else {
566                                 p0 |= 0x02;
567                                 port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
568                         }
569                         output_packet(urb, p0, port->data[0], b, 0);
570                         break;
571                 case STATE_2PARAM_1:
572                         port->data[1] = b;
573                         port->state = STATE_2PARAM_2;
574                         break;
575                 case STATE_2PARAM_2:
576                         if (port->data[0] < 0xf0) {
577                                 p0 |= port->data[0] >> 4;
578                                 port->state = STATE_2PARAM_1;
579                         } else {
580                                 p0 |= 0x03;
581                                 port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
582                         }
583                         output_packet(urb, p0, port->data[0], port->data[1], b);
584                         break;
585                 case STATE_SYSEX_0:
586                         port->data[0] = b;
587                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_1;
588                         break;
589                 case STATE_SYSEX_1:
590                         port->data[1] = b;
591                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_2;
592                         break;
593                 case STATE_SYSEX_2:
594                         output_packet(urb, p0 | 0x04, port->data[0], port->data[1], b);
595                         port->state = STATE_SYSEX_0;
596                         break;
597                 }
598         }
599 }
600
601 static void snd_usbmidi_standard_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
602                                         struct urb *urb)
603 {
604         int p;
605
606         /* FIXME: lower-numbered ports can starve higher-numbered ports */
607         for (p = 0; p < 0x10; ++p) {
608                 struct usbmidi_out_port* port = &ep->ports[p];
609                 if (!port->active)
610                         continue;
611                 while (urb->transfer_buffer_length + 3 < ep->max_transfer) {
612                         uint8_t b;
613                         if (snd_rawmidi_transmit(port->substream, &b, 1) != 1) {
614                                 port->active = 0;
615                                 break;
616                         }
617                         snd_usbmidi_transmit_byte(port, b, urb);
618                 }
619         }
620 }
621
622 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_standard_ops = {
623         .input = snd_usbmidi_standard_input,
624         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output,
625         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet,
626 };
627
628 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_midiman_ops = {
629         .input = snd_usbmidi_midiman_input,
630         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output, 
631         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_midiman_packet,
632 };
633
634 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_ops = {
635         .input = snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_input,
636         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output, 
637         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet,
638 };
639
640 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_cme_ops = {
641         .input = snd_usbmidi_cme_input,
642         .output = snd_usbmidi_standard_output,
643         .output_packet = snd_usbmidi_output_standard_packet,
644 };
645
646 /*
647  * Novation USB MIDI protocol: number of data bytes is in the first byte
648  * (when receiving) (+1!) or in the second byte (when sending); data begins
649  * at the third byte.
650  */
651
652 static void snd_usbmidi_novation_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
653                                        uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
654 {
655         if (buffer_length < 2 || !buffer[0] || buffer_length < buffer[0] + 1)
656                 return;
657         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, 0, &buffer[2], buffer[0] - 1);
658 }
659
660 static void snd_usbmidi_novation_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
661                                         struct urb *urb)
662 {
663         uint8_t* transfer_buffer;
664         int count;
665
666         if (!ep->ports[0].active)
667                 return;
668         transfer_buffer = urb->transfer_buffer;
669         count = snd_rawmidi_transmit(ep->ports[0].substream,
670                                      &transfer_buffer[2],
671                                      ep->max_transfer - 2);
672         if (count < 1) {
673                 ep->ports[0].active = 0;
674                 return;
675         }
676         transfer_buffer[0] = 0;
677         transfer_buffer[1] = count;
678         urb->transfer_buffer_length = 2 + count;
679 }
680
681 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_novation_ops = {
682         .input = snd_usbmidi_novation_input,
683         .output = snd_usbmidi_novation_output,
684 };
685
686 /*
687  * "raw" protocol: used by the MOTU FastLane.
688  */
689
690 static void snd_usbmidi_raw_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
691                                   uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
692 {
693         snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, 0, buffer, buffer_length);
694 }
695
696 static void snd_usbmidi_raw_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
697                                    struct urb *urb)
698 {
699         int count;
700
701         if (!ep->ports[0].active)
702                 return;
703         count = snd_rawmidi_transmit(ep->ports[0].substream,
704                                      urb->transfer_buffer,
705                                      ep->max_transfer);
706         if (count < 1) {
707                 ep->ports[0].active = 0;
708                 return;
709         }
710         urb->transfer_buffer_length = count;
711 }
712
713 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_raw_ops = {
714         .input = snd_usbmidi_raw_input,
715         .output = snd_usbmidi_raw_output,
716 };
717
718 static void snd_usbmidi_us122l_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint *ep,
719                                      uint8_t *buffer, int buffer_length)
720 {
721         if (buffer_length != 9)
722                 return;
723         buffer_length = 8;
724         while (buffer_length && buffer[buffer_length - 1] == 0xFD)
725                 buffer_length--;
726         if (buffer_length)
727                 snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, 0, buffer, buffer_length);
728 }
729
730 static void snd_usbmidi_us122l_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep,
731                                       struct urb *urb)
732 {
733         int count;
734
735         if (!ep->ports[0].active)
736                 return;
737         count = snd_usb_get_speed(ep->umidi->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH ? 1 : 2;
738         count = snd_rawmidi_transmit(ep->ports[0].substream,
739                                      urb->transfer_buffer,
740                                      count);
741         if (count < 1) {
742                 ep->ports[0].active = 0;
743                 return;
744         }
745
746         memset(urb->transfer_buffer + count, 0xFD, 9 - count);
747         urb->transfer_buffer_length = count;
748 }
749
750 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_122l_ops = {
751         .input = snd_usbmidi_us122l_input,
752         .output = snd_usbmidi_us122l_output,
753 };
754
755 /*
756  * Emagic USB MIDI protocol: raw MIDI with "F5 xx" port switching.
757  */
758
759 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_init_out(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
760 {
761         static const u8 init_data[] = {
762                 /* initialization magic: "get version" */
763                 0xf0,
764                 0x00, 0x20, 0x31,       /* Emagic */
765                 0x64,                   /* Unitor8 */
766                 0x0b,                   /* version number request */
767                 0x00,                   /* command version */
768                 0x00,                   /* EEPROM, box 0 */
769                 0xf7
770         };
771         send_bulk_static_data(ep, init_data, sizeof(init_data));
772         /* while we're at it, pour on more magic */
773         send_bulk_static_data(ep, init_data, sizeof(init_data));
774 }
775
776 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_finish_out(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
777 {
778         static const u8 finish_data[] = {
779                 /* switch to patch mode with last preset */
780                 0xf0,
781                 0x00, 0x20, 0x31,       /* Emagic */
782                 0x64,                   /* Unitor8 */
783                 0x10,                   /* patch switch command */
784                 0x00,                   /* command version */
785                 0x7f,                   /* to all boxes */
786                 0x40,                   /* last preset in EEPROM */
787                 0xf7
788         };
789         send_bulk_static_data(ep, finish_data, sizeof(finish_data));
790 }
791
792 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_input(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep,
793                                      uint8_t* buffer, int buffer_length)
794 {
795         int i;
796
797         /* FF indicates end of valid data */
798         for (i = 0; i < buffer_length; ++i)
799                 if (buffer[i] == 0xff) {
800                         buffer_length = i;
801                         break;
802                 }
803
804         /* handle F5 at end of last buffer */
805         if (ep->seen_f5)
806                 goto switch_port;
807
808         while (buffer_length > 0) {
809                 /* determine size of data until next F5 */
810                 for (i = 0; i < buffer_length; ++i)
811                         if (buffer[i] == 0xf5)
812                                 break;
813                 snd_usbmidi_input_data(ep, ep->current_port, buffer, i);
814                 buffer += i;
815                 buffer_length -= i;
816
817                 if (buffer_length <= 0)
818                         break;
819                 /* assert(buffer[0] == 0xf5); */
820                 ep->seen_f5 = 1;
821                 ++buffer;
822                 --buffer_length;
823
824         switch_port:
825                 if (buffer_length <= 0)
826                         break;
827                 if (buffer[0] < 0x80) {
828                         ep->current_port = (buffer[0] - 1) & 15;
829                         ++buffer;
830                         --buffer_length;
831                 }
832                 ep->seen_f5 = 0;
833         }
834 }
835
836 static void snd_usbmidi_emagic_output(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep,
837                                       struct urb *urb)
838 {
839         int port0 = ep->current_port;
840         uint8_t* buf = urb->transfer_buffer;
841         int buf_free = ep->max_transfer;
842         int length, i;
843
844         for (i = 0; i < 0x10; ++i) {
845                 /* round-robin, starting at the last current port */
846                 int portnum = (port0 + i) & 15;
847                 struct usbmidi_out_port* port = &ep->ports[portnum];
848
849                 if (!port->active)
850                         continue;
851                 if (snd_rawmidi_transmit_peek(port->substream, buf, 1) != 1) {
852                         port->active = 0;
853                         continue;
854                 }
855
856                 if (portnum != ep->current_port) {
857                         if (buf_free < 2)
858                                 break;
859                         ep->current_port = portnum;
860                         buf[0] = 0xf5;
861                         buf[1] = (portnum + 1) & 15;
862                         buf += 2;
863                         buf_free -= 2;
864                 }
865
866                 if (buf_free < 1)
867                         break;
868                 length = snd_rawmidi_transmit(port->substream, buf, buf_free);
869                 if (length > 0) {
870                         buf += length;
871                         buf_free -= length;
872                         if (buf_free < 1)
873                                 break;
874                 }
875         }
876         if (buf_free < ep->max_transfer && buf_free > 0) {
877                 *buf = 0xff;
878                 --buf_free;
879         }
880         urb->transfer_buffer_length = ep->max_transfer - buf_free;
881 }
882
883 static struct usb_protocol_ops snd_usbmidi_emagic_ops = {
884         .input = snd_usbmidi_emagic_input,
885         .output = snd_usbmidi_emagic_output,
886         .init_out_endpoint = snd_usbmidi_emagic_init_out,
887         .finish_out_endpoint = snd_usbmidi_emagic_finish_out,
888 };
889
890
891 static void update_roland_altsetting(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi)
892 {
893         struct usb_interface *intf;
894         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
895         struct usb_interface_descriptor *intfd;
896         int is_light_load;
897
898         intf = umidi->iface;
899         is_light_load = intf->cur_altsetting != intf->altsetting;
900         if (umidi->roland_load_ctl->private_value == is_light_load)
901                 return;
902         hostif = &intf->altsetting[umidi->roland_load_ctl->private_value];
903         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
904         snd_usbmidi_input_stop(&umidi->list);
905         usb_set_interface(umidi->dev, intfd->bInterfaceNumber,
906                           intfd->bAlternateSetting);
907         snd_usbmidi_input_start(&umidi->list);
908 }
909
910 static void substream_open(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream, int open)
911 {
912         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = substream->rmidi->private_data;
913         struct snd_kcontrol *ctl;
914
915         mutex_lock(&umidi->mutex);
916         if (open) {
917                 if (umidi->opened++ == 0 && umidi->roland_load_ctl) {
918                         ctl = umidi->roland_load_ctl;
919                         ctl->vd[0].access |= SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE;
920                         snd_ctl_notify(umidi->card,
921                                        SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_INFO, &ctl->id);
922                         update_roland_altsetting(umidi);
923                 }
924         } else {
925                 if (--umidi->opened == 0 && umidi->roland_load_ctl) {
926                         ctl = umidi->roland_load_ctl;
927                         ctl->vd[0].access &= ~SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_ACCESS_INACTIVE;
928                         snd_ctl_notify(umidi->card,
929                                        SNDRV_CTL_EVENT_MASK_INFO, &ctl->id);
930                 }
931         }
932         mutex_unlock(&umidi->mutex);
933 }
934
935 static int snd_usbmidi_output_open(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
936 {
937         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = substream->rmidi->private_data;
938         struct usbmidi_out_port* port = NULL;
939         int i, j;
940
941         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i)
942                 if (umidi->endpoints[i].out)
943                         for (j = 0; j < 0x10; ++j)
944                                 if (umidi->endpoints[i].out->ports[j].substream == substream) {
945                                         port = &umidi->endpoints[i].out->ports[j];
946                                         break;
947                                 }
948         if (!port) {
949                 snd_BUG();
950                 return -ENXIO;
951         }
952         substream->runtime->private_data = port;
953         port->state = STATE_UNKNOWN;
954         substream_open(substream, 1);
955         return 0;
956 }
957
958 static int snd_usbmidi_output_close(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
959 {
960         substream_open(substream, 0);
961         return 0;
962 }
963
964 static void snd_usbmidi_output_trigger(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream, int up)
965 {
966         struct usbmidi_out_port* port = (struct usbmidi_out_port*)substream->runtime->private_data;
967
968         port->active = up;
969         if (up) {
970                 if (port->ep->umidi->disconnected) {
971                         /* gobble up remaining bytes to prevent wait in
972                          * snd_rawmidi_drain_output */
973                         while (!snd_rawmidi_transmit_empty(substream))
974                                 snd_rawmidi_transmit_ack(substream, 1);
975                         return;
976                 }
977                 tasklet_schedule(&port->ep->tasklet);
978         }
979 }
980
981 static void snd_usbmidi_output_drain(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
982 {
983         struct usbmidi_out_port* port = substream->runtime->private_data;
984         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint *ep = port->ep;
985         unsigned int drain_urbs;
986         DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
987         long timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(50);
988
989         /*
990          * The substream buffer is empty, but some data might still be in the
991          * currently active URBs, so we have to wait for those to complete.
992          */
993         spin_lock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
994         drain_urbs = ep->active_urbs;
995         if (drain_urbs) {
996                 ep->drain_urbs |= drain_urbs;
997                 do {
998                         prepare_to_wait(&ep->drain_wait, &wait,
999                                         TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
1000                         spin_unlock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
1001                         timeout = schedule_timeout(timeout);
1002                         spin_lock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
1003                         drain_urbs &= ep->drain_urbs;
1004                 } while (drain_urbs && timeout);
1005                 finish_wait(&ep->drain_wait, &wait);
1006         }
1007         spin_unlock_irq(&ep->buffer_lock);
1008 }
1009
1010 static int snd_usbmidi_input_open(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
1011 {
1012         substream_open(substream, 1);
1013         return 0;
1014 }
1015
1016 static int snd_usbmidi_input_close(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream)
1017 {
1018         substream_open(substream, 0);
1019         return 0;
1020 }
1021
1022 static void snd_usbmidi_input_trigger(struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream, int up)
1023 {
1024         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = substream->rmidi->private_data;
1025
1026         if (up)
1027                 set_bit(substream->number, &umidi->input_triggered);
1028         else
1029                 clear_bit(substream->number, &umidi->input_triggered);
1030 }
1031
1032 static struct snd_rawmidi_ops snd_usbmidi_output_ops = {
1033         .open = snd_usbmidi_output_open,
1034         .close = snd_usbmidi_output_close,
1035         .trigger = snd_usbmidi_output_trigger,
1036         .drain = snd_usbmidi_output_drain,
1037 };
1038
1039 static struct snd_rawmidi_ops snd_usbmidi_input_ops = {
1040         .open = snd_usbmidi_input_open,
1041         .close = snd_usbmidi_input_close,
1042         .trigger = snd_usbmidi_input_trigger
1043 };
1044
1045 static void free_urb_and_buffer(struct snd_usb_midi *umidi, struct urb *urb,
1046                                 unsigned int buffer_length)
1047 {
1048         usb_buffer_free(umidi->dev, buffer_length,
1049                         urb->transfer_buffer, urb->transfer_dma);
1050         usb_free_urb(urb);
1051 }
1052
1053 /*
1054  * Frees an input endpoint.
1055  * May be called when ep hasn't been initialized completely.
1056  */
1057 static void snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep)
1058 {
1059         unsigned int i;
1060
1061         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i)
1062                 if (ep->urbs[i])
1063                         free_urb_and_buffer(ep->umidi, ep->urbs[i],
1064                                             ep->urbs[i]->transfer_buffer_length);
1065         kfree(ep);
1066 }
1067
1068 /*
1069  * Creates an input endpoint.
1070  */
1071 static int snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_create(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1072                                           struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* ep_info,
1073                                           struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* rep)
1074 {
1075         struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep;
1076         void* buffer;
1077         unsigned int pipe;
1078         int length;
1079         unsigned int i;
1080
1081         rep->in = NULL;
1082         ep = kzalloc(sizeof(*ep), GFP_KERNEL);
1083         if (!ep)
1084                 return -ENOMEM;
1085         ep->umidi = umidi;
1086
1087         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1088                 ep->urbs[i] = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
1089                 if (!ep->urbs[i]) {
1090                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep);
1091                         return -ENOMEM;
1092                 }
1093         }
1094         if (ep_info->in_interval)
1095                 pipe = usb_rcvintpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->in_ep);
1096         else
1097                 pipe = usb_rcvbulkpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->in_ep);
1098         length = usb_maxpacket(umidi->dev, pipe, 0);
1099         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1100                 buffer = usb_buffer_alloc(umidi->dev, length, GFP_KERNEL,
1101                                           &ep->urbs[i]->transfer_dma);
1102                 if (!buffer) {
1103                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep);
1104                         return -ENOMEM;
1105                 }
1106                 if (ep_info->in_interval)
1107                         usb_fill_int_urb(ep->urbs[i], umidi->dev,
1108                                          pipe, buffer, length,
1109                                          snd_usbmidi_in_urb_complete,
1110                                          ep, ep_info->in_interval);
1111                 else
1112                         usb_fill_bulk_urb(ep->urbs[i], umidi->dev,
1113                                           pipe, buffer, length,
1114                                           snd_usbmidi_in_urb_complete, ep);
1115                 ep->urbs[i]->transfer_flags = URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1116         }
1117
1118         rep->in = ep;
1119         return 0;
1120 }
1121
1122 /*
1123  * Frees an output endpoint.
1124  * May be called when ep hasn't been initialized completely.
1125  */
1126 static void snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep)
1127 {
1128         unsigned int i;
1129
1130         for (i = 0; i < OUTPUT_URBS; ++i)
1131                 if (ep->urbs[i].urb)
1132                         free_urb_and_buffer(ep->umidi, ep->urbs[i].urb,
1133                                             ep->max_transfer);
1134         kfree(ep);
1135 }
1136
1137 /*
1138  * Creates an output endpoint, and initializes output ports.
1139  */
1140 static int snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1141                                            struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* ep_info,
1142                                            struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* rep)
1143 {
1144         struct snd_usb_midi_out_endpoint* ep;
1145         unsigned int i;
1146         unsigned int pipe;
1147         void* buffer;
1148
1149         rep->out = NULL;
1150         ep = kzalloc(sizeof(*ep), GFP_KERNEL);
1151         if (!ep)
1152                 return -ENOMEM;
1153         ep->umidi = umidi;
1154
1155         for (i = 0; i < OUTPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1156                 ep->urbs[i].urb = usb_alloc_urb(0, GFP_KERNEL);
1157                 if (!ep->urbs[i].urb) {
1158                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep);
1159                         return -ENOMEM;
1160                 }
1161                 ep->urbs[i].ep = ep;
1162         }
1163         if (ep_info->out_interval)
1164                 pipe = usb_sndintpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->out_ep);
1165         else
1166                 pipe = usb_sndbulkpipe(umidi->dev, ep_info->out_ep);
1167         switch (umidi->usb_id) {
1168         default:
1169                 ep->max_transfer = usb_maxpacket(umidi->dev, pipe, 1);
1170                 break;
1171                 /*
1172                  * Various chips declare a packet size larger than 4 bytes, but
1173                  * do not actually work with larger packets:
1174                  */
1175         case USB_ID(0x0a92, 0x1020): /* ESI M4U */
1176         case USB_ID(0x1430, 0x474b): /* RedOctane GH MIDI INTERFACE */
1177         case USB_ID(0x15ca, 0x0101): /* Textech USB Midi Cable */
1178         case USB_ID(0x15ca, 0x1806): /* Textech USB Midi Cable */
1179         case USB_ID(0x1a86, 0x752d): /* QinHeng CH345 "USB2.0-MIDI" */
1180                 ep->max_transfer = 4;
1181                 break;
1182         }
1183         for (i = 0; i < OUTPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1184                 buffer = usb_buffer_alloc(umidi->dev,
1185                                           ep->max_transfer, GFP_KERNEL,
1186                                           &ep->urbs[i].urb->transfer_dma);
1187                 if (!buffer) {
1188                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep);
1189                         return -ENOMEM;
1190                 }
1191                 if (ep_info->out_interval)
1192                         usb_fill_int_urb(ep->urbs[i].urb, umidi->dev,
1193                                          pipe, buffer, ep->max_transfer,
1194                                          snd_usbmidi_out_urb_complete,
1195                                          &ep->urbs[i], ep_info->out_interval);
1196                 else
1197                         usb_fill_bulk_urb(ep->urbs[i].urb, umidi->dev,
1198                                           pipe, buffer, ep->max_transfer,
1199                                           snd_usbmidi_out_urb_complete,
1200                                           &ep->urbs[i]);
1201                 ep->urbs[i].urb->transfer_flags = URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1202         }
1203
1204         spin_lock_init(&ep->buffer_lock);
1205         tasklet_init(&ep->tasklet, snd_usbmidi_out_tasklet, (unsigned long)ep);
1206         init_waitqueue_head(&ep->drain_wait);
1207
1208         for (i = 0; i < 0x10; ++i)
1209                 if (ep_info->out_cables & (1 << i)) {
1210                         ep->ports[i].ep = ep;
1211                         ep->ports[i].cable = i << 4;
1212                 }
1213
1214         if (umidi->usb_protocol_ops->init_out_endpoint)
1215                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops->init_out_endpoint(ep);
1216
1217         rep->out = ep;
1218         return 0;
1219 }
1220
1221 /*
1222  * Frees everything.
1223  */
1224 static void snd_usbmidi_free(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi)
1225 {
1226         int i;
1227
1228         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1229                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* ep = &umidi->endpoints[i];
1230                 if (ep->out)
1231                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep->out);
1232                 if (ep->in)
1233                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep->in);
1234         }
1235         mutex_destroy(&umidi->mutex);
1236         kfree(umidi);
1237 }
1238
1239 /*
1240  * Unlinks all URBs (must be done before the usb_device is deleted).
1241  */
1242 void snd_usbmidi_disconnect(struct list_head* p)
1243 {
1244         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1245         unsigned int i, j;
1246
1247         umidi = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_midi, list);
1248         /*
1249          * an URB's completion handler may start the timer and
1250          * a timer may submit an URB. To reliably break the cycle
1251          * a flag under lock must be used
1252          */
1253         spin_lock_irq(&umidi->disc_lock);
1254         umidi->disconnected = 1;
1255         spin_unlock_irq(&umidi->disc_lock);
1256         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1257                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* ep = &umidi->endpoints[i];
1258                 if (ep->out)
1259                         tasklet_kill(&ep->out->tasklet);
1260                 if (ep->out) {
1261                         for (j = 0; j < OUTPUT_URBS; ++j)
1262                                 usb_kill_urb(ep->out->urbs[j].urb);
1263                         if (umidi->usb_protocol_ops->finish_out_endpoint)
1264                                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops->finish_out_endpoint(ep->out);
1265                 }
1266                 if (ep->in)
1267                         for (j = 0; j < INPUT_URBS; ++j)
1268                                 usb_kill_urb(ep->in->urbs[j]);
1269                 /* free endpoints here; later call can result in Oops */
1270                 if (ep->out) {
1271                         snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_delete(ep->out);
1272                         ep->out = NULL;
1273                 }
1274                 if (ep->in) {
1275                         snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_delete(ep->in);
1276                         ep->in = NULL;
1277                 }
1278         }
1279         del_timer_sync(&umidi->error_timer);
1280 }
1281
1282 static void snd_usbmidi_rawmidi_free(struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi)
1283 {
1284         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = rmidi->private_data;
1285         snd_usbmidi_free(umidi);
1286 }
1287
1288 static struct snd_rawmidi_substream *snd_usbmidi_find_substream(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1289                                                            int stream, int number)
1290 {
1291         struct list_head* list;
1292
1293         list_for_each(list, &umidi->rmidi->streams[stream].substreams) {
1294                 struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream = list_entry(list, struct snd_rawmidi_substream, list);
1295                 if (substream->number == number)
1296                         return substream;
1297         }
1298         return NULL;
1299 }
1300
1301 /*
1302  * This list specifies names for ports that do not fit into the standard
1303  * "(product) MIDI (n)" schema because they aren't external MIDI ports,
1304  * such as internal control or synthesizer ports.
1305  */
1306 static struct port_info {
1307         u32 id;
1308         short int port;
1309         short int voices;
1310         const char *name;
1311         unsigned int seq_flags;
1312 } snd_usbmidi_port_info[] = {
1313 #define PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name_, voices_, flags) \
1314         { .id = USB_ID(vendor, product), \
1315           .port = num, .voices = voices_, \
1316           .name = name_, .seq_flags = flags }
1317 #define EXTERNAL_PORT(vendor, product, num, name) \
1318         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, 0, \
1319                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1320                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE | \
1321                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_PORT)
1322 #define CONTROL_PORT(vendor, product, num, name) \
1323         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, 0, \
1324                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1325                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE)
1326 #define ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(vendor, product, num, name, voices) \
1327         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, voices, \
1328                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1329                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM | \
1330                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM2 | \
1331                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GS | \
1332                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_XG | \
1333                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE | \
1334                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_SYNTHESIZER)
1335 #define SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(vendor, product, num, name, voices) \
1336         PORT_INFO(vendor, product, num, name, voices, \
1337                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC | \
1338                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM | \
1339                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GM2 | \
1340                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GS | \
1341                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_XG | \
1342                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_MT32 | \
1343                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE | \
1344                   SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_SYNTHESIZER)
1345         /* Roland UA-100 */
1346         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0000, 2, "%s Control"),
1347         /* Roland SC-8850 */
1348         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 0, "%s Part A", 128),
1349         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 1, "%s Part B", 128),
1350         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 2, "%s Part C", 128),
1351         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 3, "%s Part D", 128),
1352         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 4, "%s MIDI 1"),
1353         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0003, 5, "%s MIDI 2"),
1354         /* Roland U-8 */
1355         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0004, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1356         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0004, 1, "%s Control"),
1357         /* Roland SC-8820 */
1358         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0007, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1359         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x0007, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1360         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0007, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1361         /* Roland SK-500 */
1362         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000b, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1363         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000b, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1364         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x000b, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1365         /* Roland SC-D70 */
1366         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000c, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1367         SOUNDCANVAS_PORT(0x0582, 0x000c, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1368         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x000c, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1369         /* Edirol UM-880 */
1370         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0014, 8, "%s Control"),
1371         /* Edirol SD-90 */
1372         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 0, "%s Part A", 128),
1373         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 1, "%s Part B", 128),
1374         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 2, "%s MIDI 1"),
1375         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0016, 3, "%s MIDI 2"),
1376         /* Edirol UM-550 */
1377         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0023, 5, "%s Control"),
1378         /* Edirol SD-20 */
1379         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0027, 0, "%s Part A", 64),
1380         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0027, 1, "%s Part B", 64),
1381         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0027, 2, "%s MIDI"),
1382         /* Edirol SD-80 */
1383         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 0, "%s Part A", 128),
1384         ROLAND_SYNTH_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 1, "%s Part B", 128),
1385         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 2, "%s MIDI 1"),
1386         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0029, 3, "%s MIDI 2"),
1387         /* Edirol UA-700 */
1388         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002b, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1389         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002b, 1, "%s Control"),
1390         /* Roland VariOS */
1391         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002f, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1392         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002f, 1, "%s External MIDI"),
1393         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x002f, 2, "%s Sync"),
1394         /* Edirol PCR */
1395         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0033, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1396         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0033, 1, "%s 1"),
1397         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0033, 2, "%s 2"),
1398         /* BOSS GS-10 */
1399         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x003b, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1400         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x003b, 1, "%s Control"),
1401         /* Edirol UA-1000 */
1402         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0044, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1403         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0044, 1, "%s Control"),
1404         /* Edirol UR-80 */
1405         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0048, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1406         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0048, 1, "%s 1"),
1407         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x0048, 2, "%s 2"),
1408         /* Edirol PCR-A */
1409         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x004d, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1410         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x004d, 1, "%s 1"),
1411         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x0582, 0x004d, 2, "%s 2"),
1412         /* Edirol UM-3EX */
1413         CONTROL_PORT(0x0582, 0x009a, 3, "%s Control"),
1414         /* M-Audio MidiSport 8x8 */
1415         CONTROL_PORT(0x0763, 0x1031, 8, "%s Control"),
1416         CONTROL_PORT(0x0763, 0x1033, 8, "%s Control"),
1417         /* MOTU Fastlane */
1418         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x07fd, 0x0001, 0, "%s MIDI A"),
1419         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x07fd, 0x0001, 1, "%s MIDI B"),
1420         /* Emagic Unitor8/AMT8/MT4 */
1421         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x086a, 0x0001, 8, "%s Broadcast"),
1422         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x086a, 0x0002, 8, "%s Broadcast"),
1423         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x086a, 0x0003, 4, "%s Broadcast"),
1424         /* Access Music Virus TI */
1425         EXTERNAL_PORT(0x133e, 0x0815, 0, "%s MIDI"),
1426         PORT_INFO(0x133e, 0x0815, 1, "%s Synth", 0,
1427                 SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_MIDI_GENERIC |
1428                 SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_HARDWARE |
1429                 SNDRV_SEQ_PORT_TYPE_SYNTHESIZER),
1430 };
1431
1432 static struct port_info *find_port_info(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi, int number)
1433 {
1434         int i;
1435
1436         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(snd_usbmidi_port_info); ++i) {
1437                 if (snd_usbmidi_port_info[i].id == umidi->usb_id &&
1438                     snd_usbmidi_port_info[i].port == number)
1439                         return &snd_usbmidi_port_info[i];
1440         }
1441         return NULL;
1442 }
1443
1444 static void snd_usbmidi_get_port_info(struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi, int number,
1445                                       struct snd_seq_port_info *seq_port_info)
1446 {
1447         struct snd_usb_midi *umidi = rmidi->private_data;
1448         struct port_info *port_info;
1449
1450         /* TODO: read port flags from descriptors */
1451         port_info = find_port_info(umidi, number);
1452         if (port_info) {
1453                 seq_port_info->type = port_info->seq_flags;
1454                 seq_port_info->midi_voices = port_info->voices;
1455         }
1456 }
1457
1458 static void snd_usbmidi_init_substream(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1459                                        int stream, int number,
1460                                        struct snd_rawmidi_substream ** rsubstream)
1461 {
1462         struct port_info *port_info;
1463         const char *name_format;
1464
1465         struct snd_rawmidi_substream *substream = snd_usbmidi_find_substream(umidi, stream, number);
1466         if (!substream) {
1467                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "substream %d:%d not found\n", stream, number);
1468                 return;
1469         }
1470
1471         /* TODO: read port name from jack descriptor */
1472         port_info = find_port_info(umidi, number);
1473         name_format = port_info ? port_info->name : "%s MIDI %d";
1474         snprintf(substream->name, sizeof(substream->name),
1475                  name_format, umidi->card->shortname, number + 1);
1476
1477         *rsubstream = substream;
1478 }
1479
1480 /*
1481  * Creates the endpoints and their ports.
1482  */
1483 static int snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1484                                         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoints)
1485 {
1486         int i, j, err;
1487         int out_ports = 0, in_ports = 0;
1488
1489         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1490                 if (endpoints[i].out_cables) {
1491                         err = snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(umidi, &endpoints[i],
1492                                                               &umidi->endpoints[i]);
1493                         if (err < 0)
1494                                 return err;
1495                 }
1496                 if (endpoints[i].in_cables) {
1497                         err = snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_create(umidi, &endpoints[i],
1498                                                              &umidi->endpoints[i]);
1499                         if (err < 0)
1500                                 return err;
1501                 }
1502
1503                 for (j = 0; j < 0x10; ++j) {
1504                         if (endpoints[i].out_cables & (1 << j)) {
1505                                 snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_OUTPUT, out_ports,
1506                                                            &umidi->endpoints[i].out->ports[j].substream);
1507                                 ++out_ports;
1508                         }
1509                         if (endpoints[i].in_cables & (1 << j)) {
1510                                 snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_INPUT, in_ports,
1511                                                            &umidi->endpoints[i].in->ports[j].substream);
1512                                 ++in_ports;
1513                         }
1514                 }
1515         }
1516         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "created %d output and %d input ports\n",
1517                     out_ports, in_ports);
1518         return 0;
1519 }
1520
1521 /*
1522  * Returns MIDIStreaming device capabilities.
1523  */
1524 static int snd_usbmidi_get_ms_info(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1525                                    struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoints)
1526 {
1527         struct usb_interface* intf;
1528         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1529         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1530         struct usb_ms_header_descriptor* ms_header;
1531         struct usb_host_endpoint *hostep;
1532         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor* ep;
1533         struct usb_ms_endpoint_descriptor* ms_ep;
1534         int i, epidx;
1535
1536         intf = umidi->iface;
1537         if (!intf)
1538                 return -ENXIO;
1539         hostif = &intf->altsetting[0];
1540         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1541         ms_header = (struct usb_ms_header_descriptor*)hostif->extra;
1542         if (hostif->extralen >= 7 &&
1543             ms_header->bLength >= 7 &&
1544             ms_header->bDescriptorType == USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE &&
1545             ms_header->bDescriptorSubtype == UAC_HEADER)
1546                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "MIDIStreaming version %02x.%02x\n",
1547                             ms_header->bcdMSC[1], ms_header->bcdMSC[0]);
1548         else
1549                 snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "MIDIStreaming interface descriptor not found\n");
1550
1551         epidx = 0;
1552         for (i = 0; i < intfd->bNumEndpoints; ++i) {
1553                 hostep = &hostif->endpoint[i];
1554                 ep = get_ep_desc(hostep);
1555                 if (!usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(ep) && !usb_endpoint_xfer_int(ep))
1556                         continue;
1557                 ms_ep = (struct usb_ms_endpoint_descriptor*)hostep->extra;
1558                 if (hostep->extralen < 4 ||
1559                     ms_ep->bLength < 4 ||
1560                     ms_ep->bDescriptorType != USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT ||
1561                     ms_ep->bDescriptorSubtype != UAC_MS_GENERAL)
1562                         continue;
1563                 if (usb_endpoint_dir_out(ep)) {
1564                         if (endpoints[epidx].out_ep) {
1565                                 if (++epidx >= MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS) {
1566                                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "too many endpoints\n");
1567                                         break;
1568                                 }
1569                         }
1570                         endpoints[epidx].out_ep = usb_endpoint_num(ep);
1571                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(ep))
1572                                 endpoints[epidx].out_interval = ep->bInterval;
1573                         else if (snd_usb_get_speed(umidi->dev) == USB_SPEED_LOW)
1574                                 /*
1575                                  * Low speed bulk transfers don't exist, so
1576                                  * force interrupt transfers for devices like
1577                                  * ESI MIDI Mate that try to use them anyway.
1578                                  */
1579                                 endpoints[epidx].out_interval = 1;
1580                         endpoints[epidx].out_cables = (1 << ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack) - 1;
1581                         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "EP %02X: %d jack(s)\n",
1582                                     ep->bEndpointAddress, ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack);
1583                 } else {
1584                         if (endpoints[epidx].in_ep) {
1585                                 if (++epidx >= MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS) {
1586                                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "too many endpoints\n");
1587                                         break;
1588                                 }
1589                         }
1590                         endpoints[epidx].in_ep = usb_endpoint_num(ep);
1591                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(ep))
1592                                 endpoints[epidx].in_interval = ep->bInterval;
1593                         else if (snd_usb_get_speed(umidi->dev) == USB_SPEED_LOW)
1594                                 endpoints[epidx].in_interval = 1;
1595                         endpoints[epidx].in_cables = (1 << ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack) - 1;
1596                         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "EP %02X: %d jack(s)\n",
1597                                     ep->bEndpointAddress, ms_ep->bNumEmbMIDIJack);
1598                 }
1599         }
1600         return 0;
1601 }
1602
1603 static int roland_load_info(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
1604                             struct snd_ctl_elem_info *info)
1605 {
1606         static const char *const names[] = { "High Load", "Light Load" };
1607
1608         info->type = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_TYPE_ENUMERATED;
1609         info->count = 1;
1610         info->value.enumerated.items = 2;
1611         if (info->value.enumerated.item > 1)
1612                 info->value.enumerated.item = 1;
1613         strcpy(info->value.enumerated.name, names[info->value.enumerated.item]);
1614         return 0;
1615 }
1616
1617 static int roland_load_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
1618                            struct snd_ctl_elem_value *value)
1619 {
1620         value->value.enumerated.item[0] = kcontrol->private_value;
1621         return 0;
1622 }
1623
1624 static int roland_load_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
1625                            struct snd_ctl_elem_value *value)
1626 {
1627         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi = kcontrol->private_data;
1628         int changed;
1629
1630         if (value->value.enumerated.item[0] > 1)
1631                 return -EINVAL;
1632         mutex_lock(&umidi->mutex);
1633         changed = value->value.enumerated.item[0] != kcontrol->private_value;
1634         if (changed)
1635                 kcontrol->private_value = value->value.enumerated.item[0];
1636         mutex_unlock(&umidi->mutex);
1637         return changed;
1638 }
1639
1640 static struct snd_kcontrol_new roland_load_ctl = {
1641         .iface = SNDRV_CTL_ELEM_IFACE_MIXER,
1642         .name = "MIDI Input Mode",
1643         .info = roland_load_info,
1644         .get = roland_load_get,
1645         .put = roland_load_put,
1646         .private_value = 1,
1647 };
1648
1649 /*
1650  * On Roland devices, use the second alternate setting to be able to use
1651  * the interrupt input endpoint.
1652  */
1653 static void snd_usbmidi_switch_roland_altsetting(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi)
1654 {
1655         struct usb_interface* intf;
1656         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1657         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1658
1659         intf = umidi->iface;
1660         if (!intf || intf->num_altsetting != 2)
1661                 return;
1662
1663         hostif = &intf->altsetting[1];
1664         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1665         if (intfd->bNumEndpoints != 2 ||
1666             (get_endpoint(hostif, 0)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK ||
1667             (get_endpoint(hostif, 1)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_INT)
1668                 return;
1669
1670         snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "switching to altsetting %d with int ep\n",
1671                     intfd->bAlternateSetting);
1672         usb_set_interface(umidi->dev, intfd->bInterfaceNumber,
1673                           intfd->bAlternateSetting);
1674
1675         umidi->roland_load_ctl = snd_ctl_new1(&roland_load_ctl, umidi);
1676         if (snd_ctl_add(umidi->card, umidi->roland_load_ctl) < 0)
1677                 umidi->roland_load_ctl = NULL;
1678 }
1679
1680 /*
1681  * Try to find any usable endpoints in the interface.
1682  */
1683 static int snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1684                                         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoint,
1685                                         int max_endpoints)
1686 {
1687         struct usb_interface* intf;
1688         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1689         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1690         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor* epd;
1691         int i, out_eps = 0, in_eps = 0;
1692
1693         if (USB_ID_VENDOR(umidi->usb_id) == 0x0582)
1694                 snd_usbmidi_switch_roland_altsetting(umidi);
1695
1696         if (endpoint[0].out_ep || endpoint[0].in_ep)
1697                 return 0;       
1698
1699         intf = umidi->iface;
1700         if (!intf || intf->num_altsetting < 1)
1701                 return -ENOENT;
1702         hostif = intf->cur_altsetting;
1703         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1704
1705         for (i = 0; i < intfd->bNumEndpoints; ++i) {
1706                 epd = get_endpoint(hostif, i);
1707                 if (!usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd) &&
1708                     !usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd))
1709                         continue;
1710                 if (out_eps < max_endpoints &&
1711                     usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd)) {
1712                         endpoint[out_eps].out_ep = usb_endpoint_num(epd);
1713                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd))
1714                                 endpoint[out_eps].out_interval = epd->bInterval;
1715                         ++out_eps;
1716                 }
1717                 if (in_eps < max_endpoints &&
1718                     usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd)) {
1719                         endpoint[in_eps].in_ep = usb_endpoint_num(epd);
1720                         if (usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd))
1721                                 endpoint[in_eps].in_interval = epd->bInterval;
1722                         ++in_eps;
1723                 }
1724         }
1725         return (out_eps || in_eps) ? 0 : -ENOENT;
1726 }
1727
1728 /*
1729  * Detects the endpoints for one-port-per-endpoint protocols.
1730  */
1731 static int snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1732                                                  struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoints)
1733 {
1734         int err, i;
1735         
1736         err = snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, endpoints, MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS);
1737         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1738                 if (endpoints[i].out_ep)
1739                         endpoints[i].out_cables = 0x0001;
1740                 if (endpoints[i].in_ep)
1741                         endpoints[i].in_cables = 0x0001;
1742         }
1743         return err;
1744 }
1745
1746 /*
1747  * Detects the endpoints and ports of Yamaha devices.
1748  */
1749 static int snd_usbmidi_detect_yamaha(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1750                                      struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoint)
1751 {
1752         struct usb_interface* intf;
1753         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1754         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1755         uint8_t* cs_desc;
1756
1757         intf = umidi->iface;
1758         if (!intf)
1759                 return -ENOENT;
1760         hostif = intf->altsetting;
1761         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1762         if (intfd->bNumEndpoints < 1)
1763                 return -ENOENT;
1764
1765         /*
1766          * For each port there is one MIDI_IN/OUT_JACK descriptor, not
1767          * necessarily with any useful contents.  So simply count 'em.
1768          */
1769         for (cs_desc = hostif->extra;
1770              cs_desc < hostif->extra + hostif->extralen && cs_desc[0] >= 2;
1771              cs_desc += cs_desc[0]) {
1772                 if (cs_desc[1] == USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE) {
1773                         if (cs_desc[2] == UAC_MIDI_IN_JACK)
1774                                 endpoint->in_cables = (endpoint->in_cables << 1) | 1;
1775                         else if (cs_desc[2] == UAC_MIDI_OUT_JACK)
1776                                 endpoint->out_cables = (endpoint->out_cables << 1) | 1;
1777                 }
1778         }
1779         if (!endpoint->in_cables && !endpoint->out_cables)
1780                 return -ENOENT;
1781
1782         return snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, endpoint, 1);
1783 }
1784
1785 /*
1786  * Creates the endpoints and their ports for Midiman devices.
1787  */
1788 static int snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints_midiman(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1789                                                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info* endpoint)
1790 {
1791         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info ep_info;
1792         struct usb_interface* intf;
1793         struct usb_host_interface *hostif;
1794         struct usb_interface_descriptor* intfd;
1795         struct usb_endpoint_descriptor* epd;
1796         int cable, err;
1797
1798         intf = umidi->iface;
1799         if (!intf)
1800                 return -ENOENT;
1801         hostif = intf->altsetting;
1802         intfd = get_iface_desc(hostif);
1803         /*
1804          * The various MidiSport devices have more or less random endpoint
1805          * numbers, so we have to identify the endpoints by their index in
1806          * the descriptor array, like the driver for that other OS does.
1807          *
1808          * There is one interrupt input endpoint for all input ports, one
1809          * bulk output endpoint for even-numbered ports, and one for odd-
1810          * numbered ports.  Both bulk output endpoints have corresponding
1811          * input bulk endpoints (at indices 1 and 3) which aren't used.
1812          */
1813         if (intfd->bNumEndpoints < (endpoint->out_cables > 0x0001 ? 5 : 3)) {
1814                 snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "not enough endpoints\n");
1815                 return -ENOENT;
1816         }
1817
1818         epd = get_endpoint(hostif, 0);
1819         if (!usb_endpoint_dir_in(epd) || !usb_endpoint_xfer_int(epd)) {
1820                 snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "endpoint[0] isn't interrupt\n");
1821                 return -ENXIO;
1822         }
1823         epd = get_endpoint(hostif, 2);
1824         if (!usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd) || !usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd)) {
1825                 snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "endpoint[2] isn't bulk output\n");
1826                 return -ENXIO;
1827         }
1828         if (endpoint->out_cables > 0x0001) {
1829                 epd = get_endpoint(hostif, 4);
1830                 if (!usb_endpoint_dir_out(epd) ||
1831                     !usb_endpoint_xfer_bulk(epd)) {
1832                         snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "endpoint[4] isn't bulk output\n");
1833                         return -ENXIO;
1834                 }
1835         }
1836
1837         ep_info.out_ep = get_endpoint(hostif, 2)->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1838         ep_info.out_interval = 0;
1839         ep_info.out_cables = endpoint->out_cables & 0x5555;
1840         err = snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(umidi, &ep_info, &umidi->endpoints[0]);
1841         if (err < 0)
1842                 return err;
1843
1844         ep_info.in_ep = get_endpoint(hostif, 0)->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1845         ep_info.in_interval = get_endpoint(hostif, 0)->bInterval;
1846         ep_info.in_cables = endpoint->in_cables;
1847         err = snd_usbmidi_in_endpoint_create(umidi, &ep_info, &umidi->endpoints[0]);
1848         if (err < 0)
1849                 return err;
1850
1851         if (endpoint->out_cables > 0x0001) {
1852                 ep_info.out_ep = get_endpoint(hostif, 4)->bEndpointAddress & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1853                 ep_info.out_cables = endpoint->out_cables & 0xaaaa;
1854                 err = snd_usbmidi_out_endpoint_create(umidi, &ep_info, &umidi->endpoints[1]);
1855                 if (err < 0)
1856                         return err;
1857         }
1858
1859         for (cable = 0; cable < 0x10; ++cable) {
1860                 if (endpoint->out_cables & (1 << cable))
1861                         snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_OUTPUT, cable,
1862                                                    &umidi->endpoints[cable & 1].out->ports[cable].substream);
1863                 if (endpoint->in_cables & (1 << cable))
1864                         snd_usbmidi_init_substream(umidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_INPUT, cable,
1865                                                    &umidi->endpoints[0].in->ports[cable].substream);
1866         }
1867         return 0;
1868 }
1869
1870 static struct snd_rawmidi_global_ops snd_usbmidi_ops = {
1871         .get_port_info = snd_usbmidi_get_port_info,
1872 };
1873
1874 static int snd_usbmidi_create_rawmidi(struct snd_usb_midi* umidi,
1875                                       int out_ports, int in_ports)
1876 {
1877         struct snd_rawmidi *rmidi;
1878         int err;
1879
1880         err = snd_rawmidi_new(umidi->card, "USB MIDI",
1881                               umidi->next_midi_device++,
1882                               out_ports, in_ports, &rmidi);
1883         if (err < 0)
1884                 return err;
1885         strcpy(rmidi->name, umidi->card->shortname);
1886         rmidi->info_flags = SNDRV_RAWMIDI_INFO_OUTPUT |
1887                             SNDRV_RAWMIDI_INFO_INPUT |
1888                             SNDRV_RAWMIDI_INFO_DUPLEX;
1889         rmidi->ops = &snd_usbmidi_ops;
1890         rmidi->private_data = umidi;
1891         rmidi->private_free = snd_usbmidi_rawmidi_free;
1892         snd_rawmidi_set_ops(rmidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_OUTPUT, &snd_usbmidi_output_ops);
1893         snd_rawmidi_set_ops(rmidi, SNDRV_RAWMIDI_STREAM_INPUT, &snd_usbmidi_input_ops);
1894
1895         umidi->rmidi = rmidi;
1896         return 0;
1897 }
1898
1899 /*
1900  * Temporarily stop input.
1901  */
1902 void snd_usbmidi_input_stop(struct list_head* p)
1903 {
1904         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1905         unsigned int i, j;
1906
1907         umidi = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_midi, list);
1908         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
1909                 struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint* ep = &umidi->endpoints[i];
1910                 if (ep->in)
1911                         for (j = 0; j < INPUT_URBS; ++j)
1912                                 usb_kill_urb(ep->in->urbs[j]);
1913         }
1914 }
1915
1916 static void snd_usbmidi_input_start_ep(struct snd_usb_midi_in_endpoint* ep)
1917 {
1918         unsigned int i;
1919
1920         if (!ep)
1921                 return;
1922         for (i = 0; i < INPUT_URBS; ++i) {
1923                 struct urb* urb = ep->urbs[i];
1924                 urb->dev = ep->umidi->dev;
1925                 snd_usbmidi_submit_urb(urb, GFP_KERNEL);
1926         }
1927 }
1928
1929 /*
1930  * Resume input after a call to snd_usbmidi_input_stop().
1931  */
1932 void snd_usbmidi_input_start(struct list_head* p)
1933 {
1934         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1935         int i;
1936
1937         umidi = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_midi, list);
1938         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i)
1939                 snd_usbmidi_input_start_ep(umidi->endpoints[i].in);
1940 }
1941
1942 /*
1943  * Creates and registers everything needed for a MIDI streaming interface.
1944  */
1945 int snd_usbmidi_create(struct snd_card *card,
1946                        struct usb_interface* iface,
1947                        struct list_head *midi_list,
1948                        const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk* quirk)
1949 {
1950         struct snd_usb_midi* umidi;
1951         struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info endpoints[MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS];
1952         int out_ports, in_ports;
1953         int i, err;
1954
1955         umidi = kzalloc(sizeof(*umidi), GFP_KERNEL);
1956         if (!umidi)
1957                 return -ENOMEM;
1958         umidi->dev = interface_to_usbdev(iface);
1959         umidi->card = card;
1960         umidi->iface = iface;
1961         umidi->quirk = quirk;
1962         umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_standard_ops;
1963         init_timer(&umidi->error_timer);
1964         spin_lock_init(&umidi->disc_lock);
1965         mutex_init(&umidi->mutex);
1966         umidi->usb_id = USB_ID(le16_to_cpu(umidi->dev->descriptor.idVendor),
1967                                le16_to_cpu(umidi->dev->descriptor.idProduct));
1968         umidi->error_timer.function = snd_usbmidi_error_timer;
1969         umidi->error_timer.data = (unsigned long)umidi;
1970
1971         /* detect the endpoint(s) to use */
1972         memset(endpoints, 0, sizeof(endpoints));
1973         switch (quirk ? quirk->type : QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE) {
1974         case QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE:
1975                 err = snd_usbmidi_get_ms_info(umidi, endpoints);
1976                 if (umidi->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0763, 0x0150)) /* M-Audio Uno */
1977                         umidi->usb_protocol_ops =
1978                                 &snd_usbmidi_maudio_broken_running_status_ops;
1979                 break;
1980         case QUIRK_MIDI_US122L:
1981                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_122l_ops;
1982                 /* fall through */
1983         case QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT:
1984                 memcpy(&endpoints[0], quirk->data,
1985                        sizeof(struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info));
1986                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, &endpoints[0], 1);
1987                 break;
1988         case QUIRK_MIDI_YAMAHA:
1989                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_yamaha(umidi, &endpoints[0]);
1990                 break;
1991         case QUIRK_MIDI_MIDIMAN:
1992                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_midiman_ops;
1993                 memcpy(&endpoints[0], quirk->data,
1994                        sizeof(struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info));
1995                 err = 0;
1996                 break;
1997         case QUIRK_MIDI_NOVATION:
1998                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_novation_ops;
1999                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
2000                 break;
2001         case QUIRK_MIDI_FASTLANE:
2002                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_raw_ops;
2003                 /*
2004                  * Interface 1 contains isochronous endpoints, but with the same
2005                  * numbers as in interface 0.  Since it is interface 1 that the
2006                  * USB core has most recently seen, these descriptors are now
2007                  * associated with the endpoint numbers.  This will foul up our
2008                  * attempts to submit bulk/interrupt URBs to the endpoints in
2009                  * interface 0, so we have to make sure that the USB core looks
2010                  * again at interface 0 by calling usb_set_interface() on it.
2011                  */
2012                 usb_set_interface(umidi->dev, 0, 0);
2013                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
2014                 break;
2015         case QUIRK_MIDI_EMAGIC:
2016                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_emagic_ops;
2017                 memcpy(&endpoints[0], quirk->data,
2018                        sizeof(struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info));
2019                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_endpoints(umidi, &endpoints[0], 1);
2020                 break;
2021         case QUIRK_MIDI_CME:
2022                 umidi->usb_protocol_ops = &snd_usbmidi_cme_ops;
2023                 err = snd_usbmidi_detect_per_port_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
2024                 break;
2025         default:
2026                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "invalid quirk type %d\n", quirk->type);
2027                 err = -ENXIO;
2028                 break;
2029         }
2030         if (err < 0) {
2031                 kfree(umidi);
2032                 return err;
2033         }
2034
2035         /* create rawmidi device */
2036         out_ports = 0;
2037         in_ports = 0;
2038         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i) {
2039                 out_ports += hweight16(endpoints[i].out_cables);
2040                 in_ports += hweight16(endpoints[i].in_cables);
2041         }
2042         err = snd_usbmidi_create_rawmidi(umidi, out_ports, in_ports);
2043         if (err < 0) {
2044                 kfree(umidi);
2045                 return err;
2046         }
2047
2048         /* create endpoint/port structures */
2049         if (quirk && quirk->type == QUIRK_MIDI_MIDIMAN)
2050                 err = snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints_midiman(umidi, &endpoints[0]);
2051         else
2052                 err = snd_usbmidi_create_endpoints(umidi, endpoints);
2053         if (err < 0) {
2054                 snd_usbmidi_free(umidi);
2055                 return err;
2056         }
2057
2058         list_add_tail(&umidi->list, midi_list);
2059
2060         for (i = 0; i < MIDI_MAX_ENDPOINTS; ++i)
2061                 snd_usbmidi_input_start_ep(umidi->endpoints[i].in);
2062         return 0;
2063 }
2064
2065 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_create);
2066 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_input_stop);
2067 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_input_start);
2068 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_usbmidi_disconnect);