11b0826b8fe69a8de75ad0210d25513370f8a191
[linux-2.6.git] / sound / usb / usbaudio.c
1 /*
2  *   (Tentative) USB Audio Driver for ALSA
3  *
4  *   Main and PCM part
5  *
6  *   Copyright (c) 2002 by Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
7  *
8  *   Many codes borrowed from audio.c by
9  *          Alan Cox (alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk)
10  *          Thomas Sailer (sailer@ife.ee.ethz.ch)
11  *
12  *
13  *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
14  *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
15  *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
16  *   (at your option) any later version.
17  *
18  *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
19  *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
20  *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
21  *   GNU General Public License for more details.
22  *
23  *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
24  *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
25  *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
26  *
27  *
28  *  NOTES:
29  *
30  *   - async unlink should be used for avoiding the sleep inside lock.
31  *     2.4.22 usb-uhci seems buggy for async unlinking and results in
32  *     oops.  in such a cse, pass async_unlink=0 option.
33  *   - the linked URBs would be preferred but not used so far because of
34  *     the instability of unlinking.
35  *   - type II is not supported properly.  there is no device which supports
36  *     this type *correctly*.  SB extigy looks as if it supports, but it's
37  *     indeed an AC3 stream packed in SPDIF frames (i.e. no real AC3 stream).
38  */
39
40
41 #include <linux/bitops.h>
42 #include <linux/init.h>
43 #include <linux/list.h>
44 #include <linux/slab.h>
45 #include <linux/string.h>
46 #include <linux/usb.h>
47 #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
48 #include <linux/mutex.h>
49 #include <linux/usb/audio.h>
50 #include <linux/usb/ch9.h>
51
52 #include <sound/core.h>
53 #include <sound/info.h>
54 #include <sound/pcm.h>
55 #include <sound/pcm_params.h>
56 #include <sound/initval.h>
57
58 #include "usbaudio.h"
59
60
61 MODULE_AUTHOR("Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>");
62 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("USB Audio");
63 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
64 MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE("{{Generic,USB Audio}}");
65
66
67 static int index[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_IDX;      /* Index 0-MAX */
68 static char *id[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_STR;       /* ID for this card */
69 static int enable[SNDRV_CARDS] = SNDRV_DEFAULT_ENABLE_PNP;/* Enable this card */
70 /* Vendor/product IDs for this card */
71 static int vid[SNDRV_CARDS] = { [0 ... (SNDRV_CARDS-1)] = -1 };
72 static int pid[SNDRV_CARDS] = { [0 ... (SNDRV_CARDS-1)] = -1 };
73 static int nrpacks = 8;         /* max. number of packets per urb */
74 static int async_unlink = 1;
75 static int device_setup[SNDRV_CARDS]; /* device parameter for this card*/
76 static int ignore_ctl_error;
77
78 module_param_array(index, int, NULL, 0444);
79 MODULE_PARM_DESC(index, "Index value for the USB audio adapter.");
80 module_param_array(id, charp, NULL, 0444);
81 MODULE_PARM_DESC(id, "ID string for the USB audio adapter.");
82 module_param_array(enable, bool, NULL, 0444);
83 MODULE_PARM_DESC(enable, "Enable USB audio adapter.");
84 module_param_array(vid, int, NULL, 0444);
85 MODULE_PARM_DESC(vid, "Vendor ID for the USB audio device.");
86 module_param_array(pid, int, NULL, 0444);
87 MODULE_PARM_DESC(pid, "Product ID for the USB audio device.");
88 module_param(nrpacks, int, 0644);
89 MODULE_PARM_DESC(nrpacks, "Max. number of packets per URB.");
90 module_param(async_unlink, bool, 0444);
91 MODULE_PARM_DESC(async_unlink, "Use async unlink mode.");
92 module_param_array(device_setup, int, NULL, 0444);
93 MODULE_PARM_DESC(device_setup, "Specific device setup (if needed).");
94 module_param(ignore_ctl_error, bool, 0444);
95 MODULE_PARM_DESC(ignore_ctl_error,
96                  "Ignore errors from USB controller for mixer interfaces.");
97
98 /*
99  * debug the h/w constraints
100  */
101 /* #define HW_CONST_DEBUG */
102
103
104 /*
105  *
106  */
107
108 #define MAX_PACKS       20
109 #define MAX_PACKS_HS    (MAX_PACKS * 8) /* in high speed mode */
110 #define MAX_URBS        8
111 #define SYNC_URBS       4       /* always four urbs for sync */
112 #define MAX_QUEUE       24      /* try not to exceed this queue length, in ms */
113
114 struct audioformat {
115         struct list_head list;
116         snd_pcm_format_t format;        /* format type */
117         unsigned int channels;          /* # channels */
118         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
119         unsigned int frame_size;        /* samples per frame for non-audio */
120         int iface;                      /* interface number */
121         unsigned char altsetting;       /* corresponding alternate setting */
122         unsigned char altset_idx;       /* array index of altenate setting */
123         unsigned char attributes;       /* corresponding attributes of cs endpoint */
124         unsigned char endpoint;         /* endpoint */
125         unsigned char ep_attr;          /* endpoint attributes */
126         unsigned char datainterval;     /* log_2 of data packet interval */
127         unsigned int maxpacksize;       /* max. packet size */
128         unsigned int rates;             /* rate bitmasks */
129         unsigned int rate_min, rate_max;        /* min/max rates */
130         unsigned int nr_rates;          /* number of rate table entries */
131         unsigned int *rate_table;       /* rate table */
132 };
133
134 struct snd_usb_substream;
135
136 struct snd_urb_ctx {
137         struct urb *urb;
138         unsigned int buffer_size;       /* size of data buffer, if data URB */
139         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
140         int index;      /* index for urb array */
141         int packets;    /* number of packets per urb */
142 };
143
144 struct snd_urb_ops {
145         int (*prepare)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
146         int (*retire)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
147         int (*prepare_sync)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
148         int (*retire_sync)(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct urb *u);
149 };
150
151 struct snd_usb_substream {
152         struct snd_usb_stream *stream;
153         struct usb_device *dev;
154         struct snd_pcm_substream *pcm_substream;
155         int direction;  /* playback or capture */
156         int interface;  /* current interface */
157         int endpoint;   /* assigned endpoint */
158         struct audioformat *cur_audiofmt;       /* current audioformat pointer (for hw_params callback) */
159         unsigned int cur_rate;          /* current rate (for hw_params callback) */
160         unsigned int period_bytes;      /* current period bytes (for hw_params callback) */
161         unsigned int format;     /* USB data format */
162         unsigned int datapipe;   /* the data i/o pipe */
163         unsigned int syncpipe;   /* 1 - async out or adaptive in */
164         unsigned int datainterval;      /* log_2 of data packet interval */
165         unsigned int syncinterval;  /* P for adaptive mode, 0 otherwise */
166         unsigned int freqn;      /* nominal sampling rate in fs/fps in Q16.16 format */
167         unsigned int freqm;      /* momentary sampling rate in fs/fps in Q16.16 format */
168         unsigned int freqmax;    /* maximum sampling rate, used for buffer management */
169         unsigned int phase;      /* phase accumulator */
170         unsigned int maxpacksize;       /* max packet size in bytes */
171         unsigned int maxframesize;      /* max packet size in frames */
172         unsigned int curpacksize;       /* current packet size in bytes (for capture) */
173         unsigned int curframesize;      /* current packet size in frames (for capture) */
174         unsigned int fill_max: 1;       /* fill max packet size always */
175         unsigned int txfr_quirk:1;      /* allow sub-frame alignment */
176         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
177
178         unsigned int running: 1;        /* running status */
179
180         unsigned int hwptr_done;        /* processed byte position in the buffer */
181         unsigned int transfer_done;             /* processed frames since last period update */
182         unsigned long active_mask;      /* bitmask of active urbs */
183         unsigned long unlink_mask;      /* bitmask of unlinked urbs */
184
185         unsigned int nurbs;                     /* # urbs */
186         struct snd_urb_ctx dataurb[MAX_URBS];   /* data urb table */
187         struct snd_urb_ctx syncurb[SYNC_URBS];  /* sync urb table */
188         char *syncbuf;                          /* sync buffer for all sync URBs */
189         dma_addr_t sync_dma;                    /* DMA address of syncbuf */
190
191         u64 formats;                    /* format bitmasks (all or'ed) */
192         unsigned int num_formats;               /* number of supported audio formats (list) */
193         struct list_head fmt_list;      /* format list */
194         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list rate_list;    /* limited rates */
195         spinlock_t lock;
196
197         struct snd_urb_ops ops;         /* callbacks (must be filled at init) */
198 };
199
200
201 struct snd_usb_stream {
202         struct snd_usb_audio *chip;
203         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
204         int pcm_index;
205         unsigned int fmt_type;          /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
206         struct snd_usb_substream substream[2];
207         struct list_head list;
208 };
209
210
211 /*
212  * we keep the snd_usb_audio_t instances by ourselves for merging
213  * the all interfaces on the same card as one sound device.
214  */
215
216 static DEFINE_MUTEX(register_mutex);
217 static struct snd_usb_audio *usb_chip[SNDRV_CARDS];
218
219
220 /*
221  * convert a sampling rate into our full speed format (fs/1000 in Q16.16)
222  * this will overflow at approx 524 kHz
223  */
224 static inline unsigned get_usb_full_speed_rate(unsigned int rate)
225 {
226         return ((rate << 13) + 62) / 125;
227 }
228
229 /*
230  * convert a sampling rate into USB high speed format (fs/8000 in Q16.16)
231  * this will overflow at approx 4 MHz
232  */
233 static inline unsigned get_usb_high_speed_rate(unsigned int rate)
234 {
235         return ((rate << 10) + 62) / 125;
236 }
237
238 /* convert our full speed USB rate into sampling rate in Hz */
239 static inline unsigned get_full_speed_hz(unsigned int usb_rate)
240 {
241         return (usb_rate * 125 + (1 << 12)) >> 13;
242 }
243
244 /* convert our high speed USB rate into sampling rate in Hz */
245 static inline unsigned get_high_speed_hz(unsigned int usb_rate)
246 {
247         return (usb_rate * 125 + (1 << 9)) >> 10;
248 }
249
250
251 /*
252  * prepare urb for full speed capture sync pipe
253  *
254  * fill the length and offset of each urb descriptor.
255  * the fixed 10.14 frequency is passed through the pipe.
256  */
257 static int prepare_capture_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
258                                     struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
259                                     struct urb *urb)
260 {
261         unsigned char *cp = urb->transfer_buffer;
262         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
263
264         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
265         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 3;
266         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
267         cp[0] = subs->freqn >> 2;
268         cp[1] = subs->freqn >> 10;
269         cp[2] = subs->freqn >> 18;
270         return 0;
271 }
272
273 /*
274  * prepare urb for high speed capture sync pipe
275  *
276  * fill the length and offset of each urb descriptor.
277  * the fixed 12.13 frequency is passed as 16.16 through the pipe.
278  */
279 static int prepare_capture_sync_urb_hs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
280                                        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
281                                        struct urb *urb)
282 {
283         unsigned char *cp = urb->transfer_buffer;
284         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
285
286         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
287         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 4;
288         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
289         cp[0] = subs->freqn;
290         cp[1] = subs->freqn >> 8;
291         cp[2] = subs->freqn >> 16;
292         cp[3] = subs->freqn >> 24;
293         return 0;
294 }
295
296 /*
297  * process after capture sync complete
298  * - nothing to do
299  */
300 static int retire_capture_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
301                                    struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
302                                    struct urb *urb)
303 {
304         return 0;
305 }
306
307 /*
308  * prepare urb for capture data pipe
309  *
310  * fill the offset and length of each descriptor.
311  *
312  * we use a temporary buffer to write the captured data.
313  * since the length of written data is determined by host, we cannot
314  * write onto the pcm buffer directly...  the data is thus copied
315  * later at complete callback to the global buffer.
316  */
317 static int prepare_capture_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
318                                struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
319                                struct urb *urb)
320 {
321         int i, offs;
322         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
323
324         offs = 0;
325         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
326         for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; i++) {
327                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs;
328                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = subs->curpacksize;
329                 offs += subs->curpacksize;
330         }
331         urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs;
332         urb->number_of_packets = ctx->packets;
333         return 0;
334 }
335
336 /*
337  * process after capture complete
338  *
339  * copy the data from each desctiptor to the pcm buffer, and
340  * update the current position.
341  */
342 static int retire_capture_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
343                               struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
344                               struct urb *urb)
345 {
346         unsigned long flags;
347         unsigned char *cp;
348         int i;
349         unsigned int stride, frames, bytes, oldptr;
350         int period_elapsed = 0;
351
352         stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
353
354         for (i = 0; i < urb->number_of_packets; i++) {
355                 cp = (unsigned char *)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset;
356                 if (urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status) {
357                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "frame %d active: %d\n", i, urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status);
358                         // continue;
359                 }
360                 bytes = urb->iso_frame_desc[i].actual_length;
361                 frames = bytes / stride;
362                 if (!subs->txfr_quirk)
363                         bytes = frames * stride;
364                 if (bytes % (runtime->sample_bits >> 3) != 0) {
365 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE
366                         int oldbytes = bytes;
367 #endif
368                         bytes = frames * stride;
369                         snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "Corrected urb data len. %d->%d\n",
370                                                         oldbytes, bytes);
371                 }
372                 /* update the current pointer */
373                 spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
374                 oldptr = subs->hwptr_done;
375                 subs->hwptr_done += bytes;
376                 if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size * stride)
377                         subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size * stride;
378                 frames = (bytes + (oldptr % stride)) / stride;
379                 subs->transfer_done += frames;
380                 if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
381                         subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
382                         period_elapsed = 1;
383                 }
384                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
385                 /* copy a data chunk */
386                 if (oldptr + bytes > runtime->buffer_size * stride) {
387                         unsigned int bytes1 =
388                                         runtime->buffer_size * stride - oldptr;
389                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr, cp, bytes1);
390                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area, cp + bytes1, bytes - bytes1);
391                 } else {
392                         memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr, cp, bytes);
393                 }
394         }
395         if (period_elapsed)
396                 snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
397         return 0;
398 }
399
400 /*
401  * Process after capture complete when paused.  Nothing to do.
402  */
403 static int retire_paused_capture_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
404                                      struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
405                                      struct urb *urb)
406 {
407         return 0;
408 }
409
410
411 /*
412  * prepare urb for full speed playback sync pipe
413  *
414  * set up the offset and length to receive the current frequency.
415  */
416
417 static int prepare_playback_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
418                                      struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
419                                      struct urb *urb)
420 {
421         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
422
423         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
424         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 3;
425         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
426         return 0;
427 }
428
429 /*
430  * prepare urb for high speed playback sync pipe
431  *
432  * set up the offset and length to receive the current frequency.
433  */
434
435 static int prepare_playback_sync_urb_hs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
436                                         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
437                                         struct urb *urb)
438 {
439         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
440
441         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
442         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].length = 4;
443         urb->iso_frame_desc[0].offset = 0;
444         return 0;
445 }
446
447 /*
448  * process after full speed playback sync complete
449  *
450  * retrieve the current 10.14 frequency from pipe, and set it.
451  * the value is referred in prepare_playback_urb().
452  */
453 static int retire_playback_sync_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
454                                     struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
455                                     struct urb *urb)
456 {
457         unsigned int f;
458         unsigned long flags;
459
460         if (urb->iso_frame_desc[0].status == 0 &&
461             urb->iso_frame_desc[0].actual_length == 3) {
462                 f = combine_triple((u8*)urb->transfer_buffer) << 2;
463                 if (f >= subs->freqn - subs->freqn / 8 && f <= subs->freqmax) {
464                         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
465                         subs->freqm = f;
466                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
467                 }
468         }
469
470         return 0;
471 }
472
473 /*
474  * process after high speed playback sync complete
475  *
476  * retrieve the current 12.13 frequency from pipe, and set it.
477  * the value is referred in prepare_playback_urb().
478  */
479 static int retire_playback_sync_urb_hs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
480                                        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
481                                        struct urb *urb)
482 {
483         unsigned int f;
484         unsigned long flags;
485
486         if (urb->iso_frame_desc[0].status == 0 &&
487             urb->iso_frame_desc[0].actual_length == 4) {
488                 f = combine_quad((u8*)urb->transfer_buffer) & 0x0fffffff;
489                 if (f >= subs->freqn - subs->freqn / 8 && f <= subs->freqmax) {
490                         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
491                         subs->freqm = f;
492                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
493                 }
494         }
495
496         return 0;
497 }
498
499 /*
500  * process after E-Mu 0202/0404/Tracker Pre high speed playback sync complete
501  *
502  * These devices return the number of samples per packet instead of the number
503  * of samples per microframe.
504  */
505 static int retire_playback_sync_urb_hs_emu(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
506                                            struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
507                                            struct urb *urb)
508 {
509         unsigned int f;
510         unsigned long flags;
511
512         if (urb->iso_frame_desc[0].status == 0 &&
513             urb->iso_frame_desc[0].actual_length == 4) {
514                 f = combine_quad((u8*)urb->transfer_buffer) & 0x0fffffff;
515                 f >>= subs->datainterval;
516                 if (f >= subs->freqn - subs->freqn / 8 && f <= subs->freqmax) {
517                         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
518                         subs->freqm = f;
519                         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
520                 }
521         }
522
523         return 0;
524 }
525
526 /* determine the number of frames in the next packet */
527 static int snd_usb_audio_next_packet_size(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
528 {
529         if (subs->fill_max)
530                 return subs->maxframesize;
531         else {
532                 subs->phase = (subs->phase & 0xffff)
533                         + (subs->freqm << subs->datainterval);
534                 return min(subs->phase >> 16, subs->maxframesize);
535         }
536 }
537
538 /*
539  * Prepare urb for streaming before playback starts or when paused.
540  *
541  * We don't have any data, so we send silence.
542  */
543 static int prepare_nodata_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
544                                        struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
545                                        struct urb *urb)
546 {
547         unsigned int i, offs, counts;
548         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
549         int stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
550
551         offs = 0;
552         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev;
553         for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; ++i) {
554                 counts = snd_usb_audio_next_packet_size(subs);
555                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs * stride;
556                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * stride;
557                 offs += counts;
558         }
559         urb->number_of_packets = ctx->packets;
560         urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs * stride;
561         memset(urb->transfer_buffer,
562                subs->cur_audiofmt->format == SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8 ? 0x80 : 0,
563                offs * stride);
564         return 0;
565 }
566
567 /*
568  * prepare urb for playback data pipe
569  *
570  * Since a URB can handle only a single linear buffer, we must use double
571  * buffering when the data to be transferred overflows the buffer boundary.
572  * To avoid inconsistencies when updating hwptr_done, we use double buffering
573  * for all URBs.
574  */
575 static int prepare_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
576                                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
577                                 struct urb *urb)
578 {
579         int i, stride;
580         unsigned int counts, frames, bytes;
581         unsigned long flags;
582         int period_elapsed = 0;
583         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
584
585         stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
586
587         frames = 0;
588         urb->dev = ctx->subs->dev; /* we need to set this at each time */
589         urb->number_of_packets = 0;
590         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
591         for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; i++) {
592                 counts = snd_usb_audio_next_packet_size(subs);
593                 /* set up descriptor */
594                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = frames * stride;
595                 urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * stride;
596                 frames += counts;
597                 urb->number_of_packets++;
598                 subs->transfer_done += counts;
599                 if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
600                         subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
601                         period_elapsed = 1;
602                         if (subs->fmt_type == UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II) {
603                                 if (subs->transfer_done > 0) {
604                                         /* FIXME: fill-max mode is not
605                                          * supported yet */
606                                         frames -= subs->transfer_done;
607                                         counts -= subs->transfer_done;
608                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length =
609                                                 counts * stride;
610                                         subs->transfer_done = 0;
611                                 }
612                                 i++;
613                                 if (i < ctx->packets) {
614                                         /* add a transfer delimiter */
615                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset =
616                                                 frames * stride;
617                                         urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = 0;
618                                         urb->number_of_packets++;
619                                 }
620                                 break;
621                         }
622                 }
623                 if (period_elapsed) /* finish at the period boundary */
624                         break;
625         }
626         bytes = frames * stride;
627         if (subs->hwptr_done + bytes > runtime->buffer_size * stride) {
628                 /* err, the transferred area goes over buffer boundary. */
629                 unsigned int bytes1 =
630                         runtime->buffer_size * stride - subs->hwptr_done;
631                 memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
632                        runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes1);
633                 memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer + bytes1,
634                        runtime->dma_area, bytes - bytes1);
635         } else {
636                 memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
637                        runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes);
638         }
639         subs->hwptr_done += bytes;
640         if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size * stride)
641                 subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size * stride;
642         runtime->delay += frames;
643         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
644         urb->transfer_buffer_length = bytes;
645         if (period_elapsed)
646                 snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
647         return 0;
648 }
649
650 /*
651  * process after playback data complete
652  * - decrease the delay count again
653  */
654 static int retire_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
655                                struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
656                                struct urb *urb)
657 {
658         unsigned long flags;
659         int stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
660         int processed = urb->transfer_buffer_length / stride;
661
662         spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
663         if (processed > runtime->delay)
664                 runtime->delay = 0;
665         else
666                 runtime->delay -= processed;
667         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
668         return 0;
669 }
670
671
672 /*
673  */
674 static struct snd_urb_ops audio_urb_ops[2] = {
675         {
676                 .prepare =      prepare_nodata_playback_urb,
677                 .retire =       retire_playback_urb,
678                 .prepare_sync = prepare_playback_sync_urb,
679                 .retire_sync =  retire_playback_sync_urb,
680         },
681         {
682                 .prepare =      prepare_capture_urb,
683                 .retire =       retire_capture_urb,
684                 .prepare_sync = prepare_capture_sync_urb,
685                 .retire_sync =  retire_capture_sync_urb,
686         },
687 };
688
689 static struct snd_urb_ops audio_urb_ops_high_speed[2] = {
690         {
691                 .prepare =      prepare_nodata_playback_urb,
692                 .retire =       retire_playback_urb,
693                 .prepare_sync = prepare_playback_sync_urb_hs,
694                 .retire_sync =  retire_playback_sync_urb_hs,
695         },
696         {
697                 .prepare =      prepare_capture_urb,
698                 .retire =       retire_capture_urb,
699                 .prepare_sync = prepare_capture_sync_urb_hs,
700                 .retire_sync =  retire_capture_sync_urb,
701         },
702 };
703
704 /*
705  * complete callback from data urb
706  */
707 static void snd_complete_urb(struct urb *urb)
708 {
709         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
710         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = ctx->subs;
711         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = ctx->subs->pcm_substream;
712         int err = 0;
713
714         if ((subs->running && subs->ops.retire(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) ||
715             !subs->running || /* can be stopped during retire callback */
716             (err = subs->ops.prepare(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) < 0 ||
717             (err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
718                 clear_bit(ctx->index, &subs->active_mask);
719                 if (err < 0) {
720                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "cannot submit urb (err = %d)\n", err);
721                         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
722                 }
723         }
724 }
725
726
727 /*
728  * complete callback from sync urb
729  */
730 static void snd_complete_sync_urb(struct urb *urb)
731 {
732         struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
733         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = ctx->subs;
734         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = ctx->subs->pcm_substream;
735         int err = 0;
736
737         if ((subs->running && subs->ops.retire_sync(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) ||
738             !subs->running || /* can be stopped during retire callback */
739             (err = subs->ops.prepare_sync(subs, substream->runtime, urb)) < 0 ||
740             (err = usb_submit_urb(urb, GFP_ATOMIC)) < 0) {
741                 clear_bit(ctx->index + 16, &subs->active_mask);
742                 if (err < 0) {
743                         snd_printd(KERN_ERR "cannot submit sync urb (err = %d)\n", err);
744                         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
745                 }
746         }
747 }
748
749
750 /*
751  * unlink active urbs.
752  */
753 static int deactivate_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, int force, int can_sleep)
754 {
755         unsigned int i;
756         int async;
757
758         subs->running = 0;
759
760         if (!force && subs->stream->chip->shutdown) /* to be sure... */
761                 return -EBADFD;
762
763         async = !can_sleep && async_unlink;
764
765         if (!async && in_interrupt())
766                 return 0;
767
768         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
769                 if (test_bit(i, &subs->active_mask)) {
770                         if (!test_and_set_bit(i, &subs->unlink_mask)) {
771                                 struct urb *u = subs->dataurb[i].urb;
772                                 if (async)
773                                         usb_unlink_urb(u);
774                                 else
775                                         usb_kill_urb(u);
776                         }
777                 }
778         }
779         if (subs->syncpipe) {
780                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
781                         if (test_bit(i+16, &subs->active_mask)) {
782                                 if (!test_and_set_bit(i+16, &subs->unlink_mask)) {
783                                         struct urb *u = subs->syncurb[i].urb;
784                                         if (async)
785                                                 usb_unlink_urb(u);
786                                         else
787                                                 usb_kill_urb(u);
788                                 }
789                         }
790                 }
791         }
792         return 0;
793 }
794
795
796 static const char *usb_error_string(int err)
797 {
798         switch (err) {
799         case -ENODEV:
800                 return "no device";
801         case -ENOENT:
802                 return "endpoint not enabled";
803         case -EPIPE:
804                 return "endpoint stalled";
805         case -ENOSPC:
806                 return "not enough bandwidth";
807         case -ESHUTDOWN:
808                 return "device disabled";
809         case -EHOSTUNREACH:
810                 return "device suspended";
811         case -EINVAL:
812         case -EAGAIN:
813         case -EFBIG:
814         case -EMSGSIZE:
815                 return "internal error";
816         default:
817                 return "unknown error";
818         }
819 }
820
821 /*
822  * set up and start data/sync urbs
823  */
824 static int start_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
825 {
826         unsigned int i;
827         int err;
828
829         if (subs->stream->chip->shutdown)
830                 return -EBADFD;
831
832         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
833                 if (snd_BUG_ON(!subs->dataurb[i].urb))
834                         return -EINVAL;
835                 if (subs->ops.prepare(subs, runtime, subs->dataurb[i].urb) < 0) {
836                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot prepare datapipe for urb %d\n", i);
837                         goto __error;
838                 }
839         }
840         if (subs->syncpipe) {
841                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
842                         if (snd_BUG_ON(!subs->syncurb[i].urb))
843                                 return -EINVAL;
844                         if (subs->ops.prepare_sync(subs, runtime, subs->syncurb[i].urb) < 0) {
845                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot prepare syncpipe for urb %d\n", i);
846                                 goto __error;
847                         }
848                 }
849         }
850
851         subs->active_mask = 0;
852         subs->unlink_mask = 0;
853         subs->running = 1;
854         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
855                 err = usb_submit_urb(subs->dataurb[i].urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
856                 if (err < 0) {
857                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot submit datapipe "
858                                    "for urb %d, error %d: %s\n",
859                                    i, err, usb_error_string(err));
860                         goto __error;
861                 }
862                 set_bit(i, &subs->active_mask);
863         }
864         if (subs->syncpipe) {
865                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
866                         err = usb_submit_urb(subs->syncurb[i].urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
867                         if (err < 0) {
868                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot submit syncpipe "
869                                            "for urb %d, error %d: %s\n",
870                                            i, err, usb_error_string(err));
871                                 goto __error;
872                         }
873                         set_bit(i + 16, &subs->active_mask);
874                 }
875         }
876         return 0;
877
878  __error:
879         // snd_pcm_stop(subs->pcm_substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
880         deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
881         return -EPIPE;
882 }
883
884
885 /*
886  *  wait until all urbs are processed.
887  */
888 static int wait_clear_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
889 {
890         unsigned long end_time = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(1000);
891         unsigned int i;
892         int alive;
893
894         do {
895                 alive = 0;
896                 for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
897                         if (test_bit(i, &subs->active_mask))
898                                 alive++;
899                 }
900                 if (subs->syncpipe) {
901                         for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
902                                 if (test_bit(i + 16, &subs->active_mask))
903                                         alive++;
904                         }
905                 }
906                 if (! alive)
907                         break;
908                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
909         } while (time_before(jiffies, end_time));
910         if (alive)
911                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "timeout: still %d active urbs..\n", alive);
912         return 0;
913 }
914
915
916 /*
917  * return the current pcm pointer.  just based on the hwptr_done value.
918  */
919 static snd_pcm_uframes_t snd_usb_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
920 {
921         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
922         unsigned int hwptr_done;
923         
924         subs = (struct snd_usb_substream *)substream->runtime->private_data;
925         spin_lock(&subs->lock);
926         hwptr_done = subs->hwptr_done;
927         spin_unlock(&subs->lock);
928         return hwptr_done / (substream->runtime->frame_bits >> 3);
929 }
930
931
932 /*
933  * start/stop playback substream
934  */
935 static int snd_usb_pcm_playback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
936                                         int cmd)
937 {
938         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;
939
940         switch (cmd) {
941         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
942         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE:
943                 subs->ops.prepare = prepare_playback_urb;
944                 return 0;
945         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
946                 return deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
947         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH:
948                 subs->ops.prepare = prepare_nodata_playback_urb;
949                 return 0;
950         default:
951                 return -EINVAL;
952         }
953 }
954
955 /*
956  * start/stop capture substream
957  */
958 static int snd_usb_pcm_capture_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
959                                        int cmd)
960 {
961         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;
962
963         switch (cmd) {
964         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
965                 subs->ops.retire = retire_capture_urb;
966                 return start_urbs(subs, substream->runtime);
967         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
968                 return deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 0);
969         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH:
970                 subs->ops.retire = retire_paused_capture_urb;
971                 return 0;
972         case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE:
973                 subs->ops.retire = retire_capture_urb;
974                 return 0;
975         default:
976                 return -EINVAL;
977         }
978 }
979
980
981 /*
982  * release a urb data
983  */
984 static void release_urb_ctx(struct snd_urb_ctx *u)
985 {
986         if (u->urb) {
987                 if (u->buffer_size)
988                         usb_buffer_free(u->subs->dev, u->buffer_size,
989                                         u->urb->transfer_buffer,
990                                         u->urb->transfer_dma);
991                 usb_free_urb(u->urb);
992                 u->urb = NULL;
993         }
994 }
995
996 /*
997  * release a substream
998  */
999 static void release_substream_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, int force)
1000 {
1001         int i;
1002
1003         /* stop urbs (to be sure) */
1004         deactivate_urbs(subs, force, 1);
1005         wait_clear_urbs(subs);
1006
1007         for (i = 0; i < MAX_URBS; i++)
1008                 release_urb_ctx(&subs->dataurb[i]);
1009         for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++)
1010                 release_urb_ctx(&subs->syncurb[i]);
1011         usb_buffer_free(subs->dev, SYNC_URBS * 4,
1012                         subs->syncbuf, subs->sync_dma);
1013         subs->syncbuf = NULL;
1014         subs->nurbs = 0;
1015 }
1016
1017 /*
1018  * initialize a substream for plaback/capture
1019  */
1020 static int init_substream_urbs(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, unsigned int period_bytes,
1021                                unsigned int rate, unsigned int frame_bits)
1022 {
1023         unsigned int maxsize, i;
1024         int is_playback = subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
1025         unsigned int urb_packs, total_packs, packs_per_ms;
1026
1027         /* calculate the frequency in 16.16 format */
1028         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
1029                 subs->freqn = get_usb_full_speed_rate(rate);
1030         else
1031                 subs->freqn = get_usb_high_speed_rate(rate);
1032         subs->freqm = subs->freqn;
1033         /* calculate max. frequency */
1034         if (subs->maxpacksize) {
1035                 /* whatever fits into a max. size packet */
1036                 maxsize = subs->maxpacksize;
1037                 subs->freqmax = (maxsize / (frame_bits >> 3))
1038                                 << (16 - subs->datainterval);
1039         } else {
1040                 /* no max. packet size: just take 25% higher than nominal */
1041                 subs->freqmax = subs->freqn + (subs->freqn >> 2);
1042                 maxsize = ((subs->freqmax + 0xffff) * (frame_bits >> 3))
1043                                 >> (16 - subs->datainterval);
1044         }
1045         subs->phase = 0;
1046
1047         if (subs->fill_max)
1048                 subs->curpacksize = subs->maxpacksize;
1049         else
1050                 subs->curpacksize = maxsize;
1051
1052         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
1053                 packs_per_ms = 8 >> subs->datainterval;
1054         else
1055                 packs_per_ms = 1;
1056
1057         if (is_playback) {
1058                 urb_packs = max(nrpacks, 1);
1059                 urb_packs = min(urb_packs, (unsigned int)MAX_PACKS);
1060         } else
1061                 urb_packs = 1;
1062         urb_packs *= packs_per_ms;
1063         if (subs->syncpipe)
1064                 urb_packs = min(urb_packs, 1U << subs->syncinterval);
1065
1066         /* decide how many packets to be used */
1067         if (is_playback) {
1068                 unsigned int minsize, maxpacks;
1069                 /* determine how small a packet can be */
1070                 minsize = (subs->freqn >> (16 - subs->datainterval))
1071                           * (frame_bits >> 3);
1072                 /* with sync from device, assume it can be 12% lower */
1073                 if (subs->syncpipe)
1074                         minsize -= minsize >> 3;
1075                 minsize = max(minsize, 1u);
1076                 total_packs = (period_bytes + minsize - 1) / minsize;
1077                 /* we need at least two URBs for queueing */
1078                 if (total_packs < 2) {
1079                         total_packs = 2;
1080                 } else {
1081                         /* and we don't want too long a queue either */
1082                         maxpacks = max(MAX_QUEUE * packs_per_ms, urb_packs * 2);
1083                         total_packs = min(total_packs, maxpacks);
1084                 }
1085         } else {
1086                 while (urb_packs > 1 && urb_packs * maxsize >= period_bytes)
1087                         urb_packs >>= 1;
1088                 total_packs = MAX_URBS * urb_packs;
1089         }
1090         subs->nurbs = (total_packs + urb_packs - 1) / urb_packs;
1091         if (subs->nurbs > MAX_URBS) {
1092                 /* too much... */
1093                 subs->nurbs = MAX_URBS;
1094                 total_packs = MAX_URBS * urb_packs;
1095         } else if (subs->nurbs < 2) {
1096                 /* too little - we need at least two packets
1097                  * to ensure contiguous playback/capture
1098                  */
1099                 subs->nurbs = 2;
1100         }
1101
1102         /* allocate and initialize data urbs */
1103         for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++) {
1104                 struct snd_urb_ctx *u = &subs->dataurb[i];
1105                 u->index = i;
1106                 u->subs = subs;
1107                 u->packets = (i + 1) * total_packs / subs->nurbs
1108                         - i * total_packs / subs->nurbs;
1109                 u->buffer_size = maxsize * u->packets;
1110                 if (subs->fmt_type == UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II)
1111                         u->packets++; /* for transfer delimiter */
1112                 u->urb = usb_alloc_urb(u->packets, GFP_KERNEL);
1113                 if (!u->urb)
1114                         goto out_of_memory;
1115                 u->urb->transfer_buffer =
1116                         usb_buffer_alloc(subs->dev, u->buffer_size, GFP_KERNEL,
1117                                          &u->urb->transfer_dma);
1118                 if (!u->urb->transfer_buffer)
1119                         goto out_of_memory;
1120                 u->urb->pipe = subs->datapipe;
1121                 u->urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP | URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1122                 u->urb->interval = 1 << subs->datainterval;
1123                 u->urb->context = u;
1124                 u->urb->complete = snd_complete_urb;
1125         }
1126
1127         if (subs->syncpipe) {
1128                 /* allocate and initialize sync urbs */
1129                 subs->syncbuf = usb_buffer_alloc(subs->dev, SYNC_URBS * 4,
1130                                                  GFP_KERNEL, &subs->sync_dma);
1131                 if (!subs->syncbuf)
1132                         goto out_of_memory;
1133                 for (i = 0; i < SYNC_URBS; i++) {
1134                         struct snd_urb_ctx *u = &subs->syncurb[i];
1135                         u->index = i;
1136                         u->subs = subs;
1137                         u->packets = 1;
1138                         u->urb = usb_alloc_urb(1, GFP_KERNEL);
1139                         if (!u->urb)
1140                                 goto out_of_memory;
1141                         u->urb->transfer_buffer = subs->syncbuf + i * 4;
1142                         u->urb->transfer_dma = subs->sync_dma + i * 4;
1143                         u->urb->transfer_buffer_length = 4;
1144                         u->urb->pipe = subs->syncpipe;
1145                         u->urb->transfer_flags = URB_ISO_ASAP |
1146                                                  URB_NO_TRANSFER_DMA_MAP;
1147                         u->urb->number_of_packets = 1;
1148                         u->urb->interval = 1 << subs->syncinterval;
1149                         u->urb->context = u;
1150                         u->urb->complete = snd_complete_sync_urb;
1151                 }
1152         }
1153         return 0;
1154
1155 out_of_memory:
1156         release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1157         return -ENOMEM;
1158 }
1159
1160
1161 /*
1162  * find a matching audio format
1163  */
1164 static struct audioformat *find_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, unsigned int format,
1165                                        unsigned int rate, unsigned int channels)
1166 {
1167         struct list_head *p;
1168         struct audioformat *found = NULL;
1169         int cur_attr = 0, attr;
1170
1171         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1172                 struct audioformat *fp;
1173                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1174                 if (fp->format != format || fp->channels != channels)
1175                         continue;
1176                 if (rate < fp->rate_min || rate > fp->rate_max)
1177                         continue;
1178                 if (! (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)) {
1179                         unsigned int i;
1180                         for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++)
1181                                 if (fp->rate_table[i] == rate)
1182                                         break;
1183                         if (i >= fp->nr_rates)
1184                                 continue;
1185                 }
1186                 attr = fp->ep_attr & USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE;
1187                 if (! found) {
1188                         found = fp;
1189                         cur_attr = attr;
1190                         continue;
1191                 }
1192                 /* avoid async out and adaptive in if the other method
1193                  * supports the same format.
1194                  * this is a workaround for the case like
1195                  * M-audio audiophile USB.
1196                  */
1197                 if (attr != cur_attr) {
1198                         if ((attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC &&
1199                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
1200                             (attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE &&
1201                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
1202                                 continue;
1203                         if ((cur_attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC &&
1204                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
1205                             (cur_attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE &&
1206                              subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)) {
1207                                 found = fp;
1208                                 cur_attr = attr;
1209                                 continue;
1210                         }
1211                 }
1212                 /* find the format with the largest max. packet size */
1213                 if (fp->maxpacksize > found->maxpacksize) {
1214                         found = fp;
1215                         cur_attr = attr;
1216                 }
1217         }
1218         return found;
1219 }
1220
1221
1222 /*
1223  * initialize the picth control and sample rate
1224  */
1225 static int init_usb_pitch(struct usb_device *dev, int iface,
1226                           struct usb_host_interface *alts,
1227                           struct audioformat *fmt)
1228 {
1229         unsigned int ep;
1230         unsigned char data[1];
1231         int err;
1232
1233         ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
1234         /* if endpoint has pitch control, enable it */
1235         if (fmt->attributes & UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_PITCH_CONTROL) {
1236                 data[0] = 1;
1237                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), UAC_SET_CUR,
1238                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_OUT,
1239                                            UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_PITCH_CONTROL << 8, ep, data, 1, 1000)) < 0) {
1240                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set enable PITCH\n",
1241                                    dev->devnum, iface, ep);
1242                         return err;
1243                 }
1244         }
1245         return 0;
1246 }
1247
1248 static int init_usb_sample_rate(struct usb_device *dev, int iface,
1249                                 struct usb_host_interface *alts,
1250                                 struct audioformat *fmt, int rate)
1251 {
1252         unsigned int ep;
1253         unsigned char data[3];
1254         int err;
1255
1256         ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
1257         /* if endpoint has sampling rate control, set it */
1258         if (fmt->attributes & UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE) {
1259                 int crate;
1260                 data[0] = rate;
1261                 data[1] = rate >> 8;
1262                 data[2] = rate >> 16;
1263                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), UAC_SET_CUR,
1264                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_OUT,
1265                                            UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE << 8, ep, data, 3, 1000)) < 0) {
1266                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set freq %d to ep %#x\n",
1267                                    dev->devnum, iface, fmt->altsetting, rate, ep);
1268                         return err;
1269                 }
1270                 if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), UAC_GET_CUR,
1271                                            USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_IN,
1272                                            UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE << 8, ep, data, 3, 1000)) < 0) {
1273                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "%d:%d:%d: cannot get freq at ep %#x\n",
1274                                    dev->devnum, iface, fmt->altsetting, ep);
1275                         return 0; /* some devices don't support reading */
1276                 }
1277                 crate = data[0] | (data[1] << 8) | (data[2] << 16);
1278                 if (crate != rate) {
1279                         snd_printd(KERN_WARNING "current rate %d is different from the runtime rate %d\n", crate, rate);
1280                         // runtime->rate = crate;
1281                 }
1282         }
1283         return 0;
1284 }
1285
1286 /*
1287  * For E-Mu 0404USB/0202USB/TrackerPre sample rate should be set for device,
1288  * not for interface.
1289  */
1290 static void set_format_emu_quirk(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
1291                                  struct audioformat *fmt)
1292 {
1293         unsigned char emu_samplerate_id = 0;
1294
1295         /* When capture is active
1296          * sample rate shouldn't be changed
1297          * by playback substream
1298          */
1299         if (subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1300                 if (subs->stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE].interface != -1)
1301                         return;
1302         }
1303
1304         switch (fmt->rate_min) {
1305         case 48000:
1306                 emu_samplerate_id = EMU_QUIRK_SR_48000HZ;
1307                 break;
1308         case 88200:
1309                 emu_samplerate_id = EMU_QUIRK_SR_88200HZ;
1310                 break;
1311         case 96000:
1312                 emu_samplerate_id = EMU_QUIRK_SR_96000HZ;
1313                 break;
1314         case 176400:
1315                 emu_samplerate_id = EMU_QUIRK_SR_176400HZ;
1316                 break;
1317         case 192000:
1318                 emu_samplerate_id = EMU_QUIRK_SR_192000HZ;
1319                 break;
1320         default:
1321                 emu_samplerate_id = EMU_QUIRK_SR_44100HZ;
1322                 break;
1323         }
1324         snd_emuusb_set_samplerate(subs->stream->chip, emu_samplerate_id);
1325 }
1326
1327 /*
1328  * find a matching format and set up the interface
1329  */
1330 static int set_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct audioformat *fmt)
1331 {
1332         struct usb_device *dev = subs->dev;
1333         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
1334         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
1335         struct usb_interface *iface;
1336         unsigned int ep, attr;
1337         int is_playback = subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
1338         int err;
1339
1340         iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, fmt->iface);
1341         if (WARN_ON(!iface))
1342                 return -EINVAL;
1343         alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
1344         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
1345         if (WARN_ON(altsd->bAlternateSetting != fmt->altsetting))
1346                 return -EINVAL;
1347
1348         if (fmt == subs->cur_audiofmt)
1349                 return 0;
1350
1351         /* close the old interface */
1352         if (subs->interface >= 0 && subs->interface != fmt->iface) {
1353                 if (usb_set_interface(subs->dev, subs->interface, 0) < 0) {
1354                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: return to setting 0 failed\n",
1355                                 dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1356                         return -EIO;
1357                 }
1358                 subs->interface = -1;
1359                 subs->format = 0;
1360         }
1361
1362         /* set interface */
1363         if (subs->interface != fmt->iface || subs->format != fmt->altset_idx) {
1364                 if (usb_set_interface(dev, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting) < 0) {
1365                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: usb_set_interface failed\n",
1366                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1367                         return -EIO;
1368                 }
1369                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "setting usb interface %d:%d\n", fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1370                 subs->interface = fmt->iface;
1371                 subs->format = fmt->altset_idx;
1372         }
1373
1374         /* create a data pipe */
1375         ep = fmt->endpoint & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1376         if (is_playback)
1377                 subs->datapipe = usb_sndisocpipe(dev, ep);
1378         else
1379                 subs->datapipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(dev, ep);
1380         subs->datainterval = fmt->datainterval;
1381         subs->syncpipe = subs->syncinterval = 0;
1382         subs->maxpacksize = fmt->maxpacksize;
1383         subs->fill_max = 0;
1384
1385         /* we need a sync pipe in async OUT or adaptive IN mode */
1386         /* check the number of EP, since some devices have broken
1387          * descriptors which fool us.  if it has only one EP,
1388          * assume it as adaptive-out or sync-in.
1389          */
1390         attr = fmt->ep_attr & USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE;
1391         if (((is_playback && attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC) ||
1392              (! is_playback && attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE)) &&
1393             altsd->bNumEndpoints >= 2) {
1394                 /* check sync-pipe endpoint */
1395                 /* ... and check descriptor size before accessing bSynchAddress
1396                    because there is a version of the SB Audigy 2 NX firmware lacking
1397                    the audio fields in the endpoint descriptors */
1398                 if ((get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != 0x01 ||
1399                     (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1400                      get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bSynchAddress != 0)) {
1401                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
1402                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1403                         return -EINVAL;
1404                 }
1405                 ep = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bEndpointAddress;
1406                 if (get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1407                     (( is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress | USB_DIR_IN)) ||
1408                      (!is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress & ~USB_DIR_IN)))) {
1409                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
1410                                    dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
1411                         return -EINVAL;
1412                 }
1413                 ep &= USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK;
1414                 if (is_playback)
1415                         subs->syncpipe = usb_rcvisocpipe(dev, ep);
1416                 else
1417                         subs->syncpipe = usb_sndisocpipe(dev, ep);
1418                 if (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
1419                     get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh >= 1 &&
1420                     get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh <= 9)
1421                         subs->syncinterval = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bRefresh;
1422                 else if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
1423                         subs->syncinterval = 1;
1424                 else if (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval >= 1 &&
1425                          get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval <= 16)
1426                         subs->syncinterval = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bInterval - 1;
1427                 else
1428                         subs->syncinterval = 3;
1429         }
1430
1431         /* always fill max packet size */
1432         if (fmt->attributes & UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_FILL_MAX)
1433                 subs->fill_max = 1;
1434
1435         if ((err = init_usb_pitch(dev, subs->interface, alts, fmt)) < 0)
1436                 return err;
1437
1438         subs->cur_audiofmt = fmt;
1439
1440         switch (subs->stream->chip->usb_id) {
1441         case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3f02): /* E-Mu 0202 USB */
1442         case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3f04): /* E-Mu 0404 USB */
1443         case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3f0a): /* E-Mu Tracker Pre */
1444                 set_format_emu_quirk(subs, fmt);
1445                 break;
1446         }
1447
1448 #if 0
1449         printk(KERN_DEBUG
1450                "setting done: format = %d, rate = %d..%d, channels = %d\n",
1451                fmt->format, fmt->rate_min, fmt->rate_max, fmt->channels);
1452         printk(KERN_DEBUG
1453                "  datapipe = 0x%0x, syncpipe = 0x%0x\n",
1454                subs->datapipe, subs->syncpipe);
1455 #endif
1456
1457         return 0;
1458 }
1459
1460 /*
1461  * hw_params callback
1462  *
1463  * allocate a buffer and set the given audio format.
1464  *
1465  * so far we use a physically linear buffer although packetize transfer
1466  * doesn't need a continuous area.
1467  * if sg buffer is supported on the later version of alsa, we'll follow
1468  * that.
1469  */
1470 static int snd_usb_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1471                              struct snd_pcm_hw_params *hw_params)
1472 {
1473         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;
1474         struct audioformat *fmt;
1475         unsigned int channels, rate, format;
1476         int ret, changed;
1477
1478         ret = snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer(substream,
1479                                                params_buffer_bytes(hw_params));
1480         if (ret < 0)
1481                 return ret;
1482
1483         format = params_format(hw_params);
1484         rate = params_rate(hw_params);
1485         channels = params_channels(hw_params);
1486         fmt = find_format(subs, format, rate, channels);
1487         if (!fmt) {
1488                 snd_printd(KERN_DEBUG "cannot set format: format = %#x, rate = %d, channels = %d\n",
1489                            format, rate, channels);
1490                 return -EINVAL;
1491         }
1492
1493         changed = subs->cur_audiofmt != fmt ||
1494                 subs->period_bytes != params_period_bytes(hw_params) ||
1495                 subs->cur_rate != rate;
1496         if ((ret = set_format(subs, fmt)) < 0)
1497                 return ret;
1498
1499         if (subs->cur_rate != rate) {
1500                 struct usb_host_interface *alts;
1501                 struct usb_interface *iface;
1502                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(subs->dev, fmt->iface);
1503                 alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
1504                 ret = init_usb_sample_rate(subs->dev, subs->interface, alts, fmt, rate);
1505                 if (ret < 0)
1506                         return ret;
1507                 subs->cur_rate = rate;
1508         }
1509
1510         if (changed) {
1511                 /* format changed */
1512                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1513                 /* influenced: period_bytes, channels, rate, format, */
1514                 ret = init_substream_urbs(subs, params_period_bytes(hw_params),
1515                                           params_rate(hw_params),
1516                                           snd_pcm_format_physical_width(params_format(hw_params)) * params_channels(hw_params));
1517         }
1518
1519         return ret;
1520 }
1521
1522 /*
1523  * hw_free callback
1524  *
1525  * reset the audio format and release the buffer
1526  */
1527 static int snd_usb_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1528 {
1529         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;
1530
1531         subs->cur_audiofmt = NULL;
1532         subs->cur_rate = 0;
1533         subs->period_bytes = 0;
1534         if (!subs->stream->chip->shutdown)
1535                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 0);
1536         return snd_pcm_lib_free_vmalloc_buffer(substream);
1537 }
1538
1539 /*
1540  * prepare callback
1541  *
1542  * only a few subtle things...
1543  */
1544 static int snd_usb_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1545 {
1546         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1547         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = runtime->private_data;
1548
1549         if (! subs->cur_audiofmt) {
1550                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "usbaudio: no format is specified!\n");
1551                 return -ENXIO;
1552         }
1553
1554         /* some unit conversions in runtime */
1555         subs->maxframesize = bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->maxpacksize);
1556         subs->curframesize = bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->curpacksize);
1557
1558         /* reset the pointer */
1559         subs->hwptr_done = 0;
1560         subs->transfer_done = 0;
1561         subs->phase = 0;
1562         runtime->delay = 0;
1563
1564         /* clear urbs (to be sure) */
1565         deactivate_urbs(subs, 0, 1);
1566         wait_clear_urbs(subs);
1567
1568         /* for playback, submit the URBs now; otherwise, the first hwptr_done
1569          * updates for all URBs would happen at the same time when starting */
1570         if (subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1571                 subs->ops.prepare = prepare_nodata_playback_urb;
1572                 return start_urbs(subs, runtime);
1573         } else
1574                 return 0;
1575 }
1576
1577 static struct snd_pcm_hardware snd_usb_hardware =
1578 {
1579         .info =                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
1580                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID |
1581                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BATCH |
1582                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
1583                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER |
1584                                 SNDRV_PCM_INFO_PAUSE,
1585         .buffer_bytes_max =     1024 * 1024,
1586         .period_bytes_min =     64,
1587         .period_bytes_max =     512 * 1024,
1588         .periods_min =          2,
1589         .periods_max =          1024,
1590 };
1591
1592 /*
1593  * h/w constraints
1594  */
1595
1596 #ifdef HW_CONST_DEBUG
1597 #define hwc_debug(fmt, args...) printk(KERN_DEBUG fmt, ##args)
1598 #else
1599 #define hwc_debug(fmt, args...) /**/
1600 #endif
1601
1602 static int hw_check_valid_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
1603                                  struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1604                                  struct audioformat *fp)
1605 {
1606         struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
1607         struct snd_interval *ct = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
1608         struct snd_mask *fmts = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1609         struct snd_interval *pt = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME);
1610         unsigned int ptime;
1611
1612         /* check the format */
1613         if (!snd_mask_test(fmts, fp->format)) {
1614                 hwc_debug("   > check: no supported format %d\n", fp->format);
1615                 return 0;
1616         }
1617         /* check the channels */
1618         if (fp->channels < ct->min || fp->channels > ct->max) {
1619                 hwc_debug("   > check: no valid channels %d (%d/%d)\n", fp->channels, ct->min, ct->max);
1620                 return 0;
1621         }
1622         /* check the rate is within the range */
1623         if (fp->rate_min > it->max || (fp->rate_min == it->max && it->openmax)) {
1624                 hwc_debug("   > check: rate_min %d > max %d\n", fp->rate_min, it->max);
1625                 return 0;
1626         }
1627         if (fp->rate_max < it->min || (fp->rate_max == it->min && it->openmin)) {
1628                 hwc_debug("   > check: rate_max %d < min %d\n", fp->rate_max, it->min);
1629                 return 0;
1630         }
1631         /* check whether the period time is >= the data packet interval */
1632         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH) {
1633                 ptime = 125 * (1 << fp->datainterval);
1634                 if (ptime > pt->max || (ptime == pt->max && pt->openmax)) {
1635                         hwc_debug("   > check: ptime %u > max %u\n", ptime, pt->max);
1636                         return 0;
1637                 }
1638         }
1639         return 1;
1640 }
1641
1642 static int hw_rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1643                         struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1644 {
1645         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
1646         struct list_head *p;
1647         struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
1648         unsigned int rmin, rmax;
1649         int changed;
1650
1651         hwc_debug("hw_rule_rate: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
1652         changed = 0;
1653         rmin = rmax = 0;
1654         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1655                 struct audioformat *fp;
1656                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1657                 if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
1658                         continue;
1659                 if (changed++) {
1660                         if (rmin > fp->rate_min)
1661                                 rmin = fp->rate_min;
1662                         if (rmax < fp->rate_max)
1663                                 rmax = fp->rate_max;
1664                 } else {
1665                         rmin = fp->rate_min;
1666                         rmax = fp->rate_max;
1667                 }
1668         }
1669
1670         if (!changed) {
1671                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1672                 it->empty = 1;
1673                 return -EINVAL;
1674         }
1675
1676         changed = 0;
1677         if (it->min < rmin) {
1678                 it->min = rmin;
1679                 it->openmin = 0;
1680                 changed = 1;
1681         }
1682         if (it->max > rmax) {
1683                 it->max = rmax;
1684                 it->openmax = 0;
1685                 changed = 1;
1686         }
1687         if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
1688                 it->empty = 1;
1689                 return -EINVAL;
1690         }
1691         hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
1692         return changed;
1693 }
1694
1695
1696 static int hw_rule_channels(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1697                             struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1698 {
1699         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
1700         struct list_head *p;
1701         struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
1702         unsigned int rmin, rmax;
1703         int changed;
1704
1705         hwc_debug("hw_rule_channels: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
1706         changed = 0;
1707         rmin = rmax = 0;
1708         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1709                 struct audioformat *fp;
1710                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1711                 if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
1712                         continue;
1713                 if (changed++) {
1714                         if (rmin > fp->channels)
1715                                 rmin = fp->channels;
1716                         if (rmax < fp->channels)
1717                                 rmax = fp->channels;
1718                 } else {
1719                         rmin = fp->channels;
1720                         rmax = fp->channels;
1721                 }
1722         }
1723
1724         if (!changed) {
1725                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1726                 it->empty = 1;
1727                 return -EINVAL;
1728         }
1729
1730         changed = 0;
1731         if (it->min < rmin) {
1732                 it->min = rmin;
1733                 it->openmin = 0;
1734                 changed = 1;
1735         }
1736         if (it->max > rmax) {
1737                 it->max = rmax;
1738                 it->openmax = 0;
1739                 changed = 1;
1740         }
1741         if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
1742                 it->empty = 1;
1743                 return -EINVAL;
1744         }
1745         hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
1746         return changed;
1747 }
1748
1749 static int hw_rule_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1750                           struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1751 {
1752         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
1753         struct list_head *p;
1754         struct snd_mask *fmt = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1755         u64 fbits;
1756         u32 oldbits[2];
1757         int changed;
1758
1759         hwc_debug("hw_rule_format: %x:%x\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1]);
1760         fbits = 0;
1761         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1762                 struct audioformat *fp;
1763                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1764                 if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
1765                         continue;
1766                 fbits |= (1ULL << fp->format);
1767         }
1768
1769         oldbits[0] = fmt->bits[0];
1770         oldbits[1] = fmt->bits[1];
1771         fmt->bits[0] &= (u32)fbits;
1772         fmt->bits[1] &= (u32)(fbits >> 32);
1773         if (!fmt->bits[0] && !fmt->bits[1]) {
1774                 hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
1775                 return -EINVAL;
1776         }
1777         changed = (oldbits[0] != fmt->bits[0] || oldbits[1] != fmt->bits[1]);
1778         hwc_debug("  --> %x:%x (changed = %d)\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1], changed);
1779         return changed;
1780 }
1781
1782 static int hw_rule_period_time(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1783                                struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1784 {
1785         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
1786         struct audioformat *fp;
1787         struct snd_interval *it;
1788         unsigned char min_datainterval;
1789         unsigned int pmin;
1790         int changed;
1791
1792         it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME);
1793         hwc_debug("hw_rule_period_time: (%u,%u)\n", it->min, it->max);
1794         min_datainterval = 0xff;
1795         list_for_each_entry(fp, &subs->fmt_list, list) {
1796                 if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
1797                         continue;
1798                 min_datainterval = min(min_datainterval, fp->datainterval);
1799         }
1800         if (min_datainterval == 0xff) {
1801                 hwc_debug("  --> get emtpy\n");
1802                 it->empty = 1;
1803                 return -EINVAL;
1804         }
1805         pmin = 125 * (1 << min_datainterval);
1806         changed = 0;
1807         if (it->min < pmin) {
1808                 it->min = pmin;
1809                 it->openmin = 0;
1810                 changed = 1;
1811         }
1812         if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
1813                 it->empty = 1;
1814                 return -EINVAL;
1815         }
1816         hwc_debug("  --> (%u,%u) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
1817         return changed;
1818 }
1819
1820 /*
1821  *  If the device supports unusual bit rates, does the request meet these?
1822  */
1823 static int snd_usb_pcm_check_knot(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
1824                                   struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
1825 {
1826         struct audioformat *fp;
1827         int count = 0, needs_knot = 0;
1828         int err;
1829
1830         list_for_each_entry(fp, &subs->fmt_list, list) {
1831                 if (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)
1832                         return 0;
1833                 count += fp->nr_rates;
1834                 if (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_KNOT)
1835                         needs_knot = 1;
1836         }
1837         if (!needs_knot)
1838                 return 0;
1839
1840         subs->rate_list.count = count;
1841         subs->rate_list.list = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * count, GFP_KERNEL);
1842         subs->rate_list.mask = 0;
1843         count = 0;
1844         list_for_each_entry(fp, &subs->fmt_list, list) {
1845                 int i;
1846                 for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++)
1847                         subs->rate_list.list[count++] = fp->rate_table[i];
1848         }
1849         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1850                                          &subs->rate_list);
1851         if (err < 0)
1852                 return err;
1853
1854         return 0;
1855 }
1856
1857
1858 /*
1859  * set up the runtime hardware information.
1860  */
1861
1862 static int setup_hw_info(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
1863 {
1864         struct list_head *p;
1865         unsigned int pt, ptmin;
1866         int param_period_time_if_needed;
1867         int err;
1868
1869         runtime->hw.formats = subs->formats;
1870
1871         runtime->hw.rate_min = 0x7fffffff;
1872         runtime->hw.rate_max = 0;
1873         runtime->hw.channels_min = 256;
1874         runtime->hw.channels_max = 0;
1875         runtime->hw.rates = 0;
1876         ptmin = UINT_MAX;
1877         /* check min/max rates and channels */
1878         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
1879                 struct audioformat *fp;
1880                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
1881                 runtime->hw.rates |= fp->rates;
1882                 if (runtime->hw.rate_min > fp->rate_min)
1883                         runtime->hw.rate_min = fp->rate_min;
1884                 if (runtime->hw.rate_max < fp->rate_max)
1885                         runtime->hw.rate_max = fp->rate_max;
1886                 if (runtime->hw.channels_min > fp->channels)
1887                         runtime->hw.channels_min = fp->channels;
1888                 if (runtime->hw.channels_max < fp->channels)
1889                         runtime->hw.channels_max = fp->channels;
1890                 if (fp->fmt_type == UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II && fp->frame_size > 0) {
1891                         /* FIXME: there might be more than one audio formats... */
1892                         runtime->hw.period_bytes_min = runtime->hw.period_bytes_max =
1893                                 fp->frame_size;
1894                 }
1895                 pt = 125 * (1 << fp->datainterval);
1896                 ptmin = min(ptmin, pt);
1897         }
1898
1899         param_period_time_if_needed = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME;
1900         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) != USB_SPEED_HIGH)
1901                 /* full speed devices have fixed data packet interval */
1902                 ptmin = 1000;
1903         if (ptmin == 1000)
1904                 /* if period time doesn't go below 1 ms, no rules needed */
1905                 param_period_time_if_needed = -1;
1906         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
1907                                      ptmin, UINT_MAX);
1908
1909         if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1910                                        hw_rule_rate, subs,
1911                                        SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1912                                        SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1913                                        param_period_time_if_needed,
1914                                        -1)) < 0)
1915                 return err;
1916         if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1917                                        hw_rule_channels, subs,
1918                                        SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1919                                        SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1920                                        param_period_time_if_needed,
1921                                        -1)) < 0)
1922                 return err;
1923         if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1924                                        hw_rule_format, subs,
1925                                        SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1926                                        SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1927                                        param_period_time_if_needed,
1928                                        -1)) < 0)
1929                 return err;
1930         if (param_period_time_if_needed >= 0) {
1931                 err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0,
1932                                           SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
1933                                           hw_rule_period_time, subs,
1934                                           SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1935                                           SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1936                                           SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1937                                           -1);
1938                 if (err < 0)
1939                         return err;
1940         }
1941         if ((err = snd_usb_pcm_check_knot(runtime, subs)) < 0)
1942                 return err;
1943         return 0;
1944 }
1945
1946 static int snd_usb_pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int direction)
1947 {
1948         struct snd_usb_stream *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
1949         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1950         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[direction];
1951
1952         subs->interface = -1;
1953         subs->format = 0;
1954         runtime->hw = snd_usb_hardware;
1955         runtime->private_data = subs;
1956         subs->pcm_substream = substream;
1957         return setup_hw_info(runtime, subs);
1958 }
1959
1960 static int snd_usb_pcm_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int direction)
1961 {
1962         struct snd_usb_stream *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
1963         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[direction];
1964
1965         if (!as->chip->shutdown && subs->interface >= 0) {
1966                 usb_set_interface(subs->dev, subs->interface, 0);
1967                 subs->interface = -1;
1968         }
1969         subs->pcm_substream = NULL;
1970         return 0;
1971 }
1972
1973 static int snd_usb_playback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1974 {
1975         return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
1976 }
1977
1978 static int snd_usb_playback_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1979 {
1980         return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
1981 }
1982
1983 static int snd_usb_capture_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1984 {
1985         return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
1986 }
1987
1988 static int snd_usb_capture_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1989 {
1990         return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
1991 }
1992
1993 static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_usb_playback_ops = {
1994         .open =         snd_usb_playback_open,
1995         .close =        snd_usb_playback_close,
1996         .ioctl =        snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
1997         .hw_params =    snd_usb_hw_params,
1998         .hw_free =      snd_usb_hw_free,
1999         .prepare =      snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
2000         .trigger =      snd_usb_pcm_playback_trigger,
2001         .pointer =      snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
2002         .page =         snd_pcm_lib_get_vmalloc_page,
2003         .mmap =         snd_pcm_lib_mmap_vmalloc,
2004 };
2005
2006 static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_usb_capture_ops = {
2007         .open =         snd_usb_capture_open,
2008         .close =        snd_usb_capture_close,
2009         .ioctl =        snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
2010         .hw_params =    snd_usb_hw_params,
2011         .hw_free =      snd_usb_hw_free,
2012         .prepare =      snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
2013         .trigger =      snd_usb_pcm_capture_trigger,
2014         .pointer =      snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
2015         .page =         snd_pcm_lib_get_vmalloc_page,
2016         .mmap =         snd_pcm_lib_mmap_vmalloc,
2017 };
2018
2019
2020
2021 /*
2022  * helper functions
2023  */
2024
2025 /*
2026  * combine bytes and get an integer value
2027  */
2028 unsigned int snd_usb_combine_bytes(unsigned char *bytes, int size)
2029 {
2030         switch (size) {
2031         case 1:  return *bytes;
2032         case 2:  return combine_word(bytes);
2033         case 3:  return combine_triple(bytes);
2034         case 4:  return combine_quad(bytes);
2035         default: return 0;
2036         }
2037 }
2038
2039 /*
2040  * parse descriptor buffer and return the pointer starting the given
2041  * descriptor type.
2042  */
2043 void *snd_usb_find_desc(void *descstart, int desclen, void *after, u8 dtype)
2044 {
2045         u8 *p, *end, *next;
2046
2047         p = descstart;
2048         end = p + desclen;
2049         for (; p < end;) {
2050                 if (p[0] < 2)
2051                         return NULL;
2052                 next = p + p[0];
2053                 if (next > end)
2054                         return NULL;
2055                 if (p[1] == dtype && (!after || (void *)p > after)) {
2056                         return p;
2057                 }
2058                 p = next;
2059         }
2060         return NULL;
2061 }
2062
2063 /*
2064  * find a class-specified interface descriptor with the given subtype.
2065  */
2066 void *snd_usb_find_csint_desc(void *buffer, int buflen, void *after, u8 dsubtype)
2067 {
2068         unsigned char *p = after;
2069
2070         while ((p = snd_usb_find_desc(buffer, buflen, p,
2071                                       USB_DT_CS_INTERFACE)) != NULL) {
2072                 if (p[0] >= 3 && p[2] == dsubtype)
2073                         return p;
2074         }
2075         return NULL;
2076 }
2077
2078 /*
2079  * Wrapper for usb_control_msg().
2080  * Allocates a temp buffer to prevent dmaing from/to the stack.
2081  */
2082 int snd_usb_ctl_msg(struct usb_device *dev, unsigned int pipe, __u8 request,
2083                     __u8 requesttype, __u16 value, __u16 index, void *data,
2084                     __u16 size, int timeout)
2085 {
2086         int err;
2087         void *buf = NULL;
2088
2089         if (size > 0) {
2090                 buf = kmemdup(data, size, GFP_KERNEL);
2091                 if (!buf)
2092                         return -ENOMEM;
2093         }
2094         err = usb_control_msg(dev, pipe, request, requesttype,
2095                               value, index, buf, size, timeout);
2096         if (size > 0) {
2097                 memcpy(data, buf, size);
2098                 kfree(buf);
2099         }
2100         return err;
2101 }
2102
2103
2104 /*
2105  * entry point for linux usb interface
2106  */
2107
2108 static int usb_audio_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
2109                            const struct usb_device_id *id);
2110 static void usb_audio_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf);
2111
2112 #ifdef CONFIG_PM
2113 static int usb_audio_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message);
2114 static int usb_audio_resume(struct usb_interface *intf);
2115 #else
2116 #define usb_audio_suspend NULL
2117 #define usb_audio_resume NULL
2118 #endif
2119
2120 static struct usb_device_id usb_audio_ids [] = {
2121 #include "usbquirks.h"
2122     { .match_flags = (USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_CLASS | USB_DEVICE_ID_MATCH_INT_SUBCLASS),
2123       .bInterfaceClass = USB_CLASS_AUDIO,
2124       .bInterfaceSubClass = USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIOCONTROL },
2125     { }                                         /* Terminating entry */
2126 };
2127
2128 MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE (usb, usb_audio_ids);
2129
2130 static struct usb_driver usb_audio_driver = {
2131         .name =         "snd-usb-audio",
2132         .probe =        usb_audio_probe,
2133         .disconnect =   usb_audio_disconnect,
2134         .suspend =      usb_audio_suspend,
2135         .resume =       usb_audio_resume,
2136         .id_table =     usb_audio_ids,
2137 };
2138
2139
2140 #if defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) && defined(CONFIG_SND_VERBOSE_PROCFS)
2141
2142 /*
2143  * proc interface for list the supported pcm formats
2144  */
2145 static void proc_dump_substream_formats(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
2146 {
2147         struct list_head *p;
2148         static char *sync_types[4] = {
2149                 "NONE", "ASYNC", "ADAPTIVE", "SYNC"
2150         };
2151
2152         list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
2153                 struct audioformat *fp;
2154                 fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
2155                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Interface %d\n", fp->iface);
2156                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Altset %d\n", fp->altsetting);
2157                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Format: %s\n",
2158                             snd_pcm_format_name(fp->format));
2159                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Channels: %d\n", fp->channels);
2160                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Endpoint: %d %s (%s)\n",
2161                             fp->endpoint & USB_ENDPOINT_NUMBER_MASK,
2162                             fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN ? "IN" : "OUT",
2163                             sync_types[(fp->ep_attr & USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE) >> 2]);
2164                 if (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS) {
2165                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Rates: %d - %d (continuous)\n",
2166                                     fp->rate_min, fp->rate_max);
2167                 } else {
2168                         unsigned int i;
2169                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Rates: ");
2170                         for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++) {
2171                                 if (i > 0)
2172                                         snd_iprintf(buffer, ", ");
2173                                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%d", fp->rate_table[i]);
2174                         }
2175                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "\n");
2176                 }
2177                 if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
2178                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Data packet interval: %d us\n",
2179                                     125 * (1 << fp->datainterval));
2180                 // snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Max Packet Size = %d\n", fp->maxpacksize);
2181                 // snd_iprintf(buffer, "    EP Attribute = %#x\n", fp->attributes);
2182         }
2183 }
2184
2185 static void proc_dump_substream_status(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
2186 {
2187         if (subs->running) {
2188                 unsigned int i;
2189                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Status: Running\n");
2190                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Interface = %d\n", subs->interface);
2191                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Altset = %d\n", subs->format);
2192                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    URBs = %d [ ", subs->nurbs);
2193                 for (i = 0; i < subs->nurbs; i++)
2194                         snd_iprintf(buffer, "%d ", subs->dataurb[i].packets);
2195                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "]\n");
2196                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Packet Size = %d\n", subs->curpacksize);
2197                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "    Momentary freq = %u Hz (%#x.%04x)\n",
2198                             snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL
2199                             ? get_full_speed_hz(subs->freqm)
2200                             : get_high_speed_hz(subs->freqm),
2201                             subs->freqm >> 16, subs->freqm & 0xffff);
2202         } else {
2203                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "  Status: Stop\n");
2204         }
2205 }
2206
2207 static void proc_pcm_format_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
2208 {
2209         struct snd_usb_stream *stream = entry->private_data;
2210
2211         snd_iprintf(buffer, "%s : %s\n", stream->chip->card->longname, stream->pcm->name);
2212
2213         if (stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK].num_formats) {
2214                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "\nPlayback:\n");
2215                 proc_dump_substream_status(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK], buffer);
2216                 proc_dump_substream_formats(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK], buffer);
2217         }
2218         if (stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE].num_formats) {
2219                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "\nCapture:\n");
2220                 proc_dump_substream_status(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE], buffer);
2221                 proc_dump_substream_formats(&stream->substream[SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE], buffer);
2222         }
2223 }
2224
2225 static void proc_pcm_format_add(struct snd_usb_stream *stream)
2226 {
2227         struct snd_info_entry *entry;
2228         char name[32];
2229         struct snd_card *card = stream->chip->card;
2230
2231         sprintf(name, "stream%d", stream->pcm_index);
2232         if (!snd_card_proc_new(card, name, &entry))
2233                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, stream, proc_pcm_format_read);
2234 }
2235
2236 #else
2237
2238 static inline void proc_pcm_format_add(struct snd_usb_stream *stream)
2239 {
2240 }
2241
2242 #endif
2243
2244 /*
2245  * initialize the substream instance.
2246  */
2247
2248 static void init_substream(struct snd_usb_stream *as, int stream, struct audioformat *fp)
2249 {
2250         struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[stream];
2251
2252         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&subs->fmt_list);
2253         spin_lock_init(&subs->lock);
2254
2255         subs->stream = as;
2256         subs->direction = stream;
2257         subs->dev = as->chip->dev;
2258         subs->txfr_quirk = as->chip->txfr_quirk;
2259         if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL) {
2260                 subs->ops = audio_urb_ops[stream];
2261         } else {
2262                 subs->ops = audio_urb_ops_high_speed[stream];
2263                 switch (as->chip->usb_id) {
2264                 case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3f02): /* E-Mu 0202 USB */
2265                 case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3f04): /* E-Mu 0404 USB */
2266                 case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3f0a): /* E-Mu Tracker Pre */
2267                         subs->ops.retire_sync = retire_playback_sync_urb_hs_emu;
2268                         break;
2269                 }
2270         }
2271         snd_pcm_set_ops(as->pcm, stream,
2272                         stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ?
2273                         &snd_usb_playback_ops : &snd_usb_capture_ops);
2274
2275         list_add_tail(&fp->list, &subs->fmt_list);
2276         subs->formats |= 1ULL << fp->format;
2277         subs->endpoint = fp->endpoint;
2278         subs->num_formats++;
2279         subs->fmt_type = fp->fmt_type;
2280 }
2281
2282
2283 /*
2284  * free a substream
2285  */
2286 static void free_substream(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
2287 {
2288         struct list_head *p, *n;
2289
2290         if (!subs->num_formats)
2291                 return; /* not initialized */
2292         list_for_each_safe(p, n, &subs->fmt_list) {
2293                 struct audioformat *fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
2294                 kfree(fp->rate_table);
2295                 kfree(fp);
2296         }
2297         kfree(subs->rate_list.list);
2298 }
2299
2300
2301 /*
2302  * free a usb stream instance
2303  */
2304 static void snd_usb_audio_stream_free(struct snd_usb_stream *stream)
2305 {
2306         free_substream(&stream->substream[0]);
2307         free_substream(&stream->substream[1]);
2308         list_del(&stream->list);
2309         kfree(stream);
2310 }
2311
2312 static void snd_usb_audio_pcm_free(struct snd_pcm *pcm)
2313 {
2314         struct snd_usb_stream *stream = pcm->private_data;
2315         if (stream) {
2316                 stream->pcm = NULL;
2317                 snd_usb_audio_stream_free(stream);
2318         }
2319 }
2320
2321
2322 /*
2323  * add this endpoint to the chip instance.
2324  * if a stream with the same endpoint already exists, append to it.
2325  * if not, create a new pcm stream.
2326  */
2327 static int add_audio_endpoint(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int stream, struct audioformat *fp)
2328 {
2329         struct list_head *p;
2330         struct snd_usb_stream *as;
2331         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
2332         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2333         int err;
2334
2335         list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
2336                 as = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_stream, list);
2337                 if (as->fmt_type != fp->fmt_type)
2338                         continue;
2339                 subs = &as->substream[stream];
2340                 if (!subs->endpoint)
2341                         continue;
2342                 if (subs->endpoint == fp->endpoint) {
2343                         list_add_tail(&fp->list, &subs->fmt_list);
2344                         subs->num_formats++;
2345                         subs->formats |= 1ULL << fp->format;
2346                         return 0;
2347                 }
2348         }
2349         /* look for an empty stream */
2350         list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
2351                 as = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_stream, list);
2352                 if (as->fmt_type != fp->fmt_type)
2353                         continue;
2354                 subs = &as->substream[stream];
2355                 if (subs->endpoint)
2356                         continue;
2357                 err = snd_pcm_new_stream(as->pcm, stream, 1);
2358                 if (err < 0)
2359                         return err;
2360                 init_substream(as, stream, fp);
2361                 return 0;
2362         }
2363
2364         /* create a new pcm */
2365         as = kzalloc(sizeof(*as), GFP_KERNEL);
2366         if (!as)
2367                 return -ENOMEM;
2368         as->pcm_index = chip->pcm_devs;
2369         as->chip = chip;
2370         as->fmt_type = fp->fmt_type;
2371         err = snd_pcm_new(chip->card, "USB Audio", chip->pcm_devs,
2372                           stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 1 : 0,
2373                           stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ? 0 : 1,
2374                           &pcm);
2375         if (err < 0) {
2376                 kfree(as);
2377                 return err;
2378         }
2379         as->pcm = pcm;
2380         pcm->private_data = as;
2381         pcm->private_free = snd_usb_audio_pcm_free;
2382         pcm->info_flags = 0;
2383         if (chip->pcm_devs > 0)
2384                 sprintf(pcm->name, "USB Audio #%d", chip->pcm_devs);
2385         else
2386                 strcpy(pcm->name, "USB Audio");
2387
2388         init_substream(as, stream, fp);
2389
2390         list_add(&as->list, &chip->pcm_list);
2391         chip->pcm_devs++;
2392
2393         proc_pcm_format_add(as);
2394
2395         return 0;
2396 }
2397
2398
2399 /*
2400  * check if the device uses big-endian samples
2401  */
2402 static int is_big_endian_format(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp)
2403 {
2404         switch (chip->usb_id) {
2405         case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2001): /* M-Audio Quattro: captured data only */
2406                 if (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
2407                         return 1;
2408                 break;
2409         case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003): /* M-Audio Audiophile USB */
2410                 if (device_setup[chip->index] == 0x00 ||
2411                     fp->altsetting==1 || fp->altsetting==2 || fp->altsetting==3)
2412                         return 1;
2413         }
2414         return 0;
2415 }
2416
2417 /*
2418  * parse the audio format type I descriptor
2419  * and returns the corresponding pcm format
2420  *
2421  * @dev: usb device
2422  * @fp: audioformat record
2423  * @format: the format tag (wFormatTag)
2424  * @fmt: the format type descriptor
2425  */
2426 static int parse_audio_format_i_type(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2427                                      struct audioformat *fp,
2428                                      int format, void *_fmt,
2429                                      int protocol)
2430 {
2431         int pcm_format, i;
2432         int sample_width, sample_bytes;
2433
2434         switch (protocol) {
2435         case UAC_VERSION_1: {
2436                 struct uac_format_type_i_discrete_descriptor *fmt = _fmt;
2437                 sample_width = fmt->bBitResolution;
2438                 sample_bytes = fmt->bSubframeSize;
2439                 break;
2440         }
2441
2442         case UAC_VERSION_2: {
2443                 struct uac_format_type_i_ext_descriptor *fmt = _fmt;
2444                 sample_width = fmt->bBitResolution;
2445                 sample_bytes = fmt->bSubslotSize;
2446
2447                 /*
2448                  * FIXME
2449                  * USB audio class v2 devices specify a bitmap of possible
2450                  * audio formats rather than one fix value. For now, we just
2451                  * pick one of them and report that as the only possible
2452                  * value for this setting.
2453                  * The bit allocation map is in fact compatible to the
2454                  * wFormatTag of the v1 AS streaming descriptors, which is why
2455                  * we can simply map the matrix.
2456                  */
2457
2458                 for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
2459                         if (format & (1UL << i)) {
2460                                 format = i + 1;
2461                                 break;
2462                         }
2463
2464                 break;
2465         }
2466
2467         default:
2468                 return -EINVAL;
2469         }
2470
2471         /* FIXME: correct endianess and sign? */
2472         pcm_format = -1;
2473
2474         switch (format) {
2475         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I_UNDEFINED: /* some devices don't define this correctly... */
2476                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : format type 0 is detected, processed as PCM\n",
2477                             chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting);
2478                 /* fall-through */
2479         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I_PCM:
2480                 if (sample_width > sample_bytes * 8) {
2481                         snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : sample bitwidth %d in over sample bytes %d\n",
2482                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting,
2483                                    sample_width, sample_bytes);
2484                 }
2485                 /* check the format byte size */
2486                 switch (sample_bytes) {
2487                 case 1:
2488                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S8;
2489                         break;
2490                 case 2:
2491                         if (is_big_endian_format(chip, fp))
2492                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE; /* grrr, big endian!! */
2493                         else
2494                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
2495                         break;
2496                 case 3:
2497                         if (is_big_endian_format(chip, fp))
2498                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3BE; /* grrr, big endian!! */
2499                         else
2500                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE;
2501                         break;
2502                 case 4:
2503                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S32_LE;
2504                         break;
2505                 default:
2506                         snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unsupported sample bitwidth %d in %d bytes\n",
2507                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting,
2508                                    sample_width, sample_bytes);
2509                         break;
2510                 }
2511                 break;
2512         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I_PCM8:
2513                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8;
2514
2515                 /* Dallas DS4201 workaround: it advertises U8 format, but really
2516                    supports S8. */
2517                 if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x04fa, 0x4201))
2518                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S8;
2519                 break;
2520         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I_IEEE_FLOAT:
2521                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_FLOAT_LE;
2522                 break;
2523         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I_ALAW:
2524                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_A_LAW;
2525                 break;
2526         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I_MULAW:
2527                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MU_LAW;
2528                 break;
2529         default:
2530                 snd_printk(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unsupported format type %d\n",
2531                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, format);
2532                 break;
2533         }
2534         return pcm_format;
2535 }
2536
2537
2538 /*
2539  * parse the format descriptor and stores the possible sample rates
2540  * on the audioformat table (audio class v1).
2541  *
2542  * @dev: usb device
2543  * @fp: audioformat record
2544  * @fmt: the format descriptor
2545  * @offset: the start offset of descriptor pointing the rate type
2546  *          (7 for type I and II, 8 for type II)
2547  */
2548 static int parse_audio_format_rates_v1(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2549                                        unsigned char *fmt, int offset)
2550 {
2551         int nr_rates = fmt[offset];
2552
2553         if (fmt[0] < offset + 1 + 3 * (nr_rates ? nr_rates : 2)) {
2554                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid UAC_FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2555                                    chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting);
2556                 return -1;
2557         }
2558
2559         if (nr_rates) {
2560                 /*
2561                  * build the rate table and bitmap flags
2562                  */
2563                 int r, idx;
2564
2565                 fp->rate_table = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * nr_rates, GFP_KERNEL);
2566                 if (fp->rate_table == NULL) {
2567                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2568                         return -1;
2569                 }
2570
2571                 fp->nr_rates = 0;
2572                 fp->rate_min = fp->rate_max = 0;
2573                 for (r = 0, idx = offset + 1; r < nr_rates; r++, idx += 3) {
2574                         unsigned int rate = combine_triple(&fmt[idx]);
2575                         if (!rate)
2576                                 continue;
2577                         /* C-Media CM6501 mislabels its 96 kHz altsetting */
2578                         if (rate == 48000 && nr_rates == 1 &&
2579                             (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0d8c, 0x0201) ||
2580                              chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0d8c, 0x0102)) &&
2581                             fp->altsetting == 5 && fp->maxpacksize == 392)
2582                                 rate = 96000;
2583                         /* Creative VF0470 Live Cam reports 16 kHz instead of 8kHz */
2584                         if (rate == 16000 && chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x4068))
2585                                 rate = 8000;
2586                         fp->rate_table[fp->nr_rates] = rate;
2587                         if (!fp->rate_min || rate < fp->rate_min)
2588                                 fp->rate_min = rate;
2589                         if (!fp->rate_max || rate > fp->rate_max)
2590                                 fp->rate_max = rate;
2591                         fp->rates |= snd_pcm_rate_to_rate_bit(rate);
2592                         fp->nr_rates++;
2593                 }
2594                 if (!fp->nr_rates) {
2595                         hwc_debug("All rates were zero. Skipping format!\n");
2596                         return -1;
2597                 }
2598         } else {
2599                 /* continuous rates */
2600                 fp->rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS;
2601                 fp->rate_min = combine_triple(&fmt[offset + 1]);
2602                 fp->rate_max = combine_triple(&fmt[offset + 4]);
2603         }
2604         return 0;
2605 }
2606
2607 /*
2608  * parse the format descriptor and stores the possible sample rates
2609  * on the audioformat table (audio class v2).
2610  */
2611 static int parse_audio_format_rates_v2(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2612                                        struct audioformat *fp,
2613                                        struct usb_host_interface *iface)
2614 {
2615         struct usb_device *dev = chip->dev;
2616         unsigned char tmp[2], *data;
2617         int i, nr_rates, data_size, ret = 0;
2618
2619         /* get the number of sample rates first by only fetching 2 bytes */
2620         ret = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), UAC2_CS_RANGE,
2621                                USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE | USB_DIR_IN,
2622                                0x0100, chip->clock_id << 8, tmp, sizeof(tmp), 1000);
2623
2624         if (ret < 0) {
2625                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unable to retrieve number of sample rates\n");
2626                 goto err;
2627         }
2628
2629         nr_rates = (tmp[1] << 8) | tmp[0];
2630         data_size = 2 + 12 * nr_rates;
2631         data = kzalloc(data_size, GFP_KERNEL);
2632         if (!data) {
2633                 ret = -ENOMEM;
2634                 goto err;
2635         }
2636
2637         /* now get the full information */
2638         ret = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), UAC2_CS_RANGE,
2639                                USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE | USB_DIR_IN,
2640                                0x0100, chip->clock_id << 8, data, data_size, 1000);
2641
2642         if (ret < 0) {
2643                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unable to retrieve sample rate range\n");
2644                 ret = -EINVAL;
2645                 goto err_free;
2646         }
2647
2648         fp->rate_table = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * nr_rates, GFP_KERNEL);
2649         if (!fp->rate_table) {
2650                 ret = -ENOMEM;
2651                 goto err_free;
2652         }
2653
2654         fp->nr_rates = 0;
2655         fp->rate_min = fp->rate_max = 0;
2656
2657         for (i = 0; i < nr_rates; i++) {
2658                 int rate = combine_quad(&data[2 + 12 * i]);
2659
2660                 fp->rate_table[fp->nr_rates] = rate;
2661                 if (!fp->rate_min || rate < fp->rate_min)
2662                         fp->rate_min = rate;
2663                 if (!fp->rate_max || rate > fp->rate_max)
2664                         fp->rate_max = rate;
2665                 fp->rates |= snd_pcm_rate_to_rate_bit(rate);
2666                 fp->nr_rates++;
2667         }
2668
2669 err_free:
2670         kfree(data);
2671 err:
2672         return ret;
2673 }
2674
2675 /*
2676  * parse the format type I and III descriptors
2677  */
2678 static int parse_audio_format_i(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2679                                 struct audioformat *fp,
2680                                 int format, void *_fmt,
2681                                 struct usb_host_interface *iface)
2682 {
2683         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd = get_iface_desc(iface);
2684         struct uac_format_type_i_discrete_descriptor *fmt = _fmt;
2685         int protocol = altsd->bInterfaceProtocol;
2686         int pcm_format, ret;
2687
2688         if (fmt->bFormatType == UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_III) {
2689                 /* FIXME: the format type is really IECxxx
2690                  *        but we give normal PCM format to get the existing
2691                  *        apps working...
2692                  */
2693                 switch (chip->usb_id) {
2694
2695                 case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003): /* M-Audio Audiophile USB */
2696                         if (device_setup[chip->index] == 0x00 && 
2697                             fp->altsetting == 6)
2698                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_BE;
2699                         else
2700                                 pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
2701                         break;
2702                 default:
2703                         pcm_format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE;
2704                 }
2705         } else {
2706                 pcm_format = parse_audio_format_i_type(chip, fp, format, fmt, protocol);
2707                 if (pcm_format < 0)
2708                         return -1;
2709         }
2710
2711         fp->format = pcm_format;
2712
2713         /* gather possible sample rates */
2714         /* audio class v1 reports possible sample rates as part of the
2715          * proprietary class specific descriptor.
2716          * audio class v2 uses class specific EP0 range requests for that.
2717          */
2718         switch (protocol) {
2719         case UAC_VERSION_1:
2720                 fp->channels = fmt->bNrChannels;
2721                 ret = parse_audio_format_rates_v1(chip, fp, _fmt, 7);
2722                 break;
2723         case UAC_VERSION_2:
2724                 /* fp->channels is already set in this case */
2725                 ret = parse_audio_format_rates_v2(chip, fp, iface);
2726                 break;
2727         }
2728
2729         if (fp->channels < 1) {
2730                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid channels %d\n",
2731                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, fp->channels);
2732                 return -1;
2733         }
2734
2735         return ret;
2736 }
2737
2738 /*
2739  * parse the format type II descriptor
2740  */
2741 static int parse_audio_format_ii(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2742                                  struct audioformat *fp,
2743                                  int format, void *_fmt,
2744                                  struct usb_host_interface *iface)
2745 {
2746         int brate, framesize, ret;
2747         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd = get_iface_desc(iface);
2748         int protocol = altsd->bInterfaceProtocol;
2749
2750         switch (format) {
2751         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II_AC3:
2752                 /* FIXME: there is no AC3 format defined yet */
2753                 // fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_AC3;
2754                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8; /* temporarily hack to receive byte streams */
2755                 break;
2756         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II_MPEG:
2757                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG;
2758                 break;
2759         default:
2760                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : unknown format tag %#x is detected.  processed as MPEG.\n",
2761                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, format);
2762                 fp->format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_MPEG;
2763                 break;
2764         }
2765
2766         fp->channels = 1;
2767
2768         switch (protocol) {
2769         case UAC_VERSION_1: {
2770                 struct uac_format_type_ii_discrete_descriptor *fmt = _fmt;
2771                 brate = le16_to_cpu(fmt->wMaxBitRate);
2772                 framesize = le16_to_cpu(fmt->wSamplesPerFrame);
2773                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "found format II with max.bitrate = %d, frame size=%d\n", brate, framesize);
2774                 fp->frame_size = framesize;
2775                 ret = parse_audio_format_rates_v1(chip, fp, _fmt, 8); /* fmt[8..] sample rates */
2776                 break;
2777         }
2778         case UAC_VERSION_2: {
2779                 struct uac_format_type_ii_ext_descriptor *fmt = _fmt;
2780                 brate = le16_to_cpu(fmt->wMaxBitRate);
2781                 framesize = le16_to_cpu(fmt->wSamplesPerFrame);
2782                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "found format II with max.bitrate = %d, frame size=%d\n", brate, framesize);
2783                 fp->frame_size = framesize;
2784                 ret = parse_audio_format_rates_v2(chip, fp, iface);
2785                 break;
2786         }
2787         }
2788
2789         return ret;
2790 }
2791
2792 static int parse_audio_format(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, struct audioformat *fp,
2793                               int format, unsigned char *fmt, int stream,
2794                               struct usb_host_interface *iface)
2795 {
2796         int err;
2797
2798         switch (fmt[3]) {
2799         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I:
2800         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_III:
2801                 err = parse_audio_format_i(chip, fp, format, fmt, iface);
2802                 break;
2803         case UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II:
2804                 err = parse_audio_format_ii(chip, fp, format, fmt, iface);
2805                 break;
2806         default:
2807                 snd_printd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d : format type %d is not supported yet\n",
2808                            chip->dev->devnum, fp->iface, fp->altsetting, fmt[3]);
2809                 return -1;
2810         }
2811         fp->fmt_type = fmt[3];
2812         if (err < 0)
2813                 return err;
2814 #if 1
2815         /* FIXME: temporary hack for extigy/audigy 2 nx/zs */
2816         /* extigy apparently supports sample rates other than 48k
2817          * but not in ordinary way.  so we enable only 48k atm.
2818          */
2819         if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3000) ||
2820             chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020) ||
2821             chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3061)) {
2822                 if (fmt[3] == UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I &&
2823                     fp->rates != SNDRV_PCM_RATE_48000 &&
2824                     fp->rates != SNDRV_PCM_RATE_96000)
2825                         return -1;
2826         }
2827 #endif
2828         return 0;
2829 }
2830
2831 static unsigned char parse_datainterval(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2832                                         struct usb_host_interface *alts)
2833 {
2834         if (snd_usb_get_speed(chip->dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH &&
2835             get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval >= 1 &&
2836             get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval <= 4)
2837                 return get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bInterval - 1;
2838         else
2839                 return 0;
2840 }
2841
2842 static int audiophile_skip_setting_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
2843                                          int iface, int altno);
2844 static int parse_audio_endpoints(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int iface_no)
2845 {
2846         struct usb_device *dev;
2847         struct usb_interface *iface;
2848         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
2849         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
2850         int i, altno, err, stream;
2851         int format = 0, num_channels = 0;
2852         struct audioformat *fp = NULL;
2853         unsigned char *fmt, *csep;
2854         int num, protocol;
2855
2856         dev = chip->dev;
2857
2858         /* parse the interface's altsettings */
2859         iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, iface_no);
2860
2861         num = iface->num_altsetting;
2862
2863         /*
2864          * Dallas DS4201 workaround: It presents 5 altsettings, but the last
2865          * one misses syncpipe, and does not produce any sound.
2866          */
2867         if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x04fa, 0x4201))
2868                 num = 4;
2869
2870         for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
2871                 alts = &iface->altsetting[i];
2872                 altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
2873                 protocol = altsd->bInterfaceProtocol;
2874                 /* skip invalid one */
2875                 if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_AUDIO &&
2876                      altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2877                     (altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIOSTREAMING &&
2878                      altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
2879                     altsd->bNumEndpoints < 1 ||
2880                     le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize) == 0)
2881                         continue;
2882                 /* must be isochronous */
2883                 if ((get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) !=
2884                     USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_ISOC)
2885                         continue;
2886                 /* check direction */
2887                 stream = (get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress & USB_DIR_IN) ?
2888                         SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
2889                 altno = altsd->bAlternateSetting;
2890         
2891                 /* audiophile usb: skip altsets incompatible with device_setup
2892                  */
2893                 if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003) && 
2894                     audiophile_skip_setting_quirk(chip, iface_no, altno))
2895                         continue;
2896
2897                 /* get audio formats */
2898                 switch (protocol) {
2899                 case UAC_VERSION_1: {
2900                         struct uac_as_header_descriptor_v1 *as =
2901                                 snd_usb_find_csint_desc(alts->extra, alts->extralen, NULL, UAC_AS_GENERAL);
2902
2903                         if (!as) {
2904                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : UAC_AS_GENERAL descriptor not found\n",
2905                                            dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2906                                 continue;
2907                         }
2908
2909                         if (as->bLength < sizeof(*as)) {
2910                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid UAC_AS_GENERAL desc\n",
2911                                            dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2912                                 continue;
2913                         }
2914
2915                         format = le16_to_cpu(as->wFormatTag); /* remember the format value */
2916                         break;
2917                 }
2918
2919                 case UAC_VERSION_2: {
2920                         struct uac_as_header_descriptor_v2 *as =
2921                                 snd_usb_find_csint_desc(alts->extra, alts->extralen, NULL, UAC_AS_GENERAL);
2922
2923                         if (!as) {
2924                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : UAC_AS_GENERAL descriptor not found\n",
2925                                            dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2926                                 continue;
2927                         }
2928
2929                         if (as->bLength < sizeof(*as)) {
2930                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid UAC_AS_GENERAL desc\n",
2931                                            dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2932                                 continue;
2933                         }
2934
2935                         num_channels = as->bNrChannels;
2936                         format = le32_to_cpu(as->bmFormats);
2937
2938                         break;
2939                 }
2940
2941                 default:
2942                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : unknown interface protocol %04x\n",
2943                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno, protocol);
2944                         continue;
2945                 }
2946
2947                 /* get format type */
2948                 fmt = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(alts->extra, alts->extralen, NULL, UAC_FORMAT_TYPE);
2949                 if (!fmt) {
2950                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : no UAC_FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2951                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2952                         continue;
2953                 }
2954                 if (((protocol == UAC_VERSION_1) && (fmt[0] < 8)) ||
2955                     ((protocol == UAC_VERSION_2) && (fmt[0] != 6))) {
2956                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : invalid UAC_FORMAT_TYPE desc\n",
2957                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2958                         continue;
2959                 }
2960
2961                 /*
2962                  * Blue Microphones workaround: The last altsetting is identical
2963                  * with the previous one, except for a larger packet size, but
2964                  * is actually a mislabeled two-channel setting; ignore it.
2965                  */
2966                 if (fmt[4] == 1 && fmt[5] == 2 && altno == 2 && num == 3 &&
2967                     fp && fp->altsetting == 1 && fp->channels == 1 &&
2968                     fp->format == SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S16_LE &&
2969                     protocol == UAC_VERSION_1 &&
2970                     le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize) ==
2971                                                         fp->maxpacksize * 2)
2972                         continue;
2973
2974                 csep = snd_usb_find_desc(alts->endpoint[0].extra, alts->endpoint[0].extralen, NULL, USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT);
2975                 /* Creamware Noah has this descriptor after the 2nd endpoint */
2976                 if (!csep && altsd->bNumEndpoints >= 2)
2977                         csep = snd_usb_find_desc(alts->endpoint[1].extra, alts->endpoint[1].extralen, NULL, USB_DT_CS_ENDPOINT);
2978                 if (!csep || csep[0] < 7 || csep[2] != UAC_EP_GENERAL) {
2979                         snd_printk(KERN_WARNING "%d:%u:%d : no or invalid"
2980                                    " class specific endpoint descriptor\n",
2981                                    dev->devnum, iface_no, altno);
2982                         csep = NULL;
2983                 }
2984
2985                 fp = kzalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
2986                 if (! fp) {
2987                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot malloc\n");
2988                         return -ENOMEM;
2989                 }
2990
2991                 fp->iface = iface_no;
2992                 fp->altsetting = altno;
2993                 fp->altset_idx = i;
2994                 fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
2995                 fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
2996                 fp->datainterval = parse_datainterval(chip, alts);
2997                 fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
2998                 /* num_channels is only set for v2 interfaces */
2999                 fp->channels = num_channels;
3000                 if (snd_usb_get_speed(dev) == USB_SPEED_HIGH)
3001                         fp->maxpacksize = (((fp->maxpacksize >> 11) & 3) + 1)
3002                                         * (fp->maxpacksize & 0x7ff);
3003                 fp->attributes = csep ? csep[3] : 0;
3004
3005                 /* some quirks for attributes here */
3006
3007                 switch (chip->usb_id) {
3008                 case USB_ID(0x0a92, 0x0053): /* AudioTrak Optoplay */
3009                         /* Optoplay sets the sample rate attribute although
3010                          * it seems not supporting it in fact.
3011                          */
3012                         fp->attributes &= ~UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE;
3013                         break;
3014                 case USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020): /* Creative SB Audigy 2 NX */
3015                 case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2003): /* M-Audio Audiophile USB */
3016                         /* doesn't set the sample rate attribute, but supports it */
3017                         fp->attributes |= UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_SAMPLE_RATE;
3018                         break;
3019                 case USB_ID(0x047f, 0x0ca1): /* plantronics headset */
3020                 case USB_ID(0x077d, 0x07af): /* Griffin iMic (note that there is
3021                                                 an older model 77d:223) */
3022                 /*
3023                  * plantronics headset and Griffin iMic have set adaptive-in
3024                  * although it's really not...
3025                  */
3026                         fp->ep_attr &= ~USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE;
3027                         if (stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
3028                                 fp->ep_attr |= USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE;
3029                         else
3030                                 fp->ep_attr |= USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_SYNC;
3031                         break;
3032                 }
3033
3034                 /* ok, let's parse further... */
3035                 if (parse_audio_format(chip, fp, format, fmt, stream, alts) < 0) {
3036                         kfree(fp->rate_table);
3037                         kfree(fp);
3038                         continue;
3039                 }
3040
3041                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%u:%d: add audio endpoint %#x\n", dev->devnum, iface_no, altno, fp->endpoint);
3042                 err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
3043                 if (err < 0) {
3044                         kfree(fp->rate_table);
3045                         kfree(fp);
3046                         return err;
3047                 }
3048                 /* try to set the interface... */
3049                 usb_set_interface(chip->dev, iface_no, altno);
3050                 init_usb_pitch(chip->dev, iface_no, alts, fp);
3051                 init_usb_sample_rate(chip->dev, iface_no, alts, fp, fp->rate_max);
3052         }
3053         return 0;
3054 }
3055
3056
3057 /*
3058  * disconnect streams
3059  * called from snd_usb_audio_disconnect()
3060  */
3061 static void snd_usb_stream_disconnect(struct list_head *head)
3062 {
3063         int idx;
3064         struct snd_usb_stream *as;
3065         struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
3066
3067         as = list_entry(head, struct snd_usb_stream, list);
3068         for (idx = 0; idx < 2; idx++) {
3069                 subs = &as->substream[idx];
3070                 if (!subs->num_formats)
3071                         return;
3072                 release_substream_urbs(subs, 1);
3073                 subs->interface = -1;
3074         }
3075 }
3076
3077 static int snd_usb_create_stream(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int ctrlif, int interface)
3078 {
3079         struct usb_device *dev = chip->dev;
3080         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
3081         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
3082         struct usb_interface *iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, interface);
3083
3084         if (!iface) {
3085                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d : does not exist\n",
3086                            dev->devnum, ctrlif, interface);
3087                 return -EINVAL;
3088         }
3089
3090         if (usb_interface_claimed(iface)) {
3091                 snd_printdd(KERN_INFO "%d:%d:%d: skipping, already claimed\n",
3092                                                 dev->devnum, ctrlif, interface);
3093                 return -EINVAL;
3094         }
3095
3096         alts = &iface->altsetting[0];
3097         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
3098         if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass == USB_CLASS_AUDIO ||
3099              altsd->bInterfaceClass == USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) &&
3100             altsd->bInterfaceSubClass == USB_SUBCLASS_MIDISTREAMING) {
3101                 int err = snd_usbmidi_create(chip->card, iface,
3102                                              &chip->midi_list, NULL);
3103                 if (err < 0) {
3104                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d: cannot create sequencer device\n",
3105                                                 dev->devnum, ctrlif, interface);
3106                         return -EINVAL;
3107                 }
3108                 usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
3109
3110                 return 0;
3111         }
3112
3113         if ((altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_AUDIO &&
3114              altsd->bInterfaceClass != USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC) ||
3115             altsd->bInterfaceSubClass != USB_SUBCLASS_AUDIOSTREAMING) {
3116                 snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "%d:%u:%d: skipping non-supported interface %d\n",
3117                                         dev->devnum, ctrlif, interface, altsd->bInterfaceClass);
3118                 /* skip non-supported classes */
3119                 return -EINVAL;
3120         }
3121
3122         if (snd_usb_get_speed(dev) == USB_SPEED_LOW) {
3123                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "low speed audio streaming not supported\n");
3124                 return -EINVAL;
3125         }
3126
3127         if (! parse_audio_endpoints(chip, interface)) {
3128                 usb_set_interface(dev, interface, 0); /* reset the current interface */
3129                 usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
3130                 return -EINVAL;
3131         }
3132
3133         return 0;
3134 }
3135
3136 /*
3137  * parse audio control descriptor and create pcm/midi streams
3138  */
3139 static int snd_usb_create_streams(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int ctrlif)
3140 {
3141         struct usb_device *dev = chip->dev;
3142         struct usb_host_interface *host_iface;
3143         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
3144         void *control_header;
3145         int i, protocol;
3146
3147         /* find audiocontrol interface */
3148         host_iface = &usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, ctrlif)->altsetting[0];
3149         control_header = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(host_iface->extra,
3150                                                  host_iface->extralen,
3151                                                  NULL, UAC_HEADER);
3152         altsd = get_iface_desc(host_iface);
3153         protocol = altsd->bInterfaceProtocol;
3154
3155         if (!control_header) {
3156                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot find UAC_HEADER\n");
3157                 return -EINVAL;
3158         }
3159
3160         switch (protocol) {
3161         case UAC_VERSION_1: {
3162                 struct uac_ac_header_descriptor_v1 *h1 = control_header;
3163
3164                 if (!h1->bInCollection) {
3165                         snd_printk(KERN_INFO "skipping empty audio interface (v1)\n");
3166                         return -EINVAL;
3167                 }
3168
3169                 if (h1->bLength < sizeof(*h1) + h1->bInCollection) {
3170                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "invalid UAC_HEADER (v1)\n");
3171                         return -EINVAL;
3172                 }
3173
3174                 for (i = 0; i < h1->bInCollection; i++)
3175                         snd_usb_create_stream(chip, ctrlif, h1->baInterfaceNr[i]);
3176
3177                 break;
3178         }
3179
3180         case UAC_VERSION_2: {
3181                 struct uac_clock_source_descriptor *cs;
3182                 struct usb_interface_assoc_descriptor *assoc =
3183                         usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, ctrlif)->intf_assoc;
3184
3185                 if (!assoc) {
3186                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "Audio class v2 interfaces need an interface association\n");
3187                         return -EINVAL;
3188                 }
3189
3190                 /* FIXME: for now, we expect there is at least one clock source
3191                  * descriptor and we always take the first one.
3192                  * We should properly support devices with multiple clock sources,
3193                  * clock selectors and sample rate conversion units. */
3194
3195                 cs = snd_usb_find_csint_desc(host_iface->extra, host_iface->extralen,
3196                                                 NULL, UAC_CLOCK_SOURCE);
3197
3198                 if (!cs) {
3199                         snd_printk(KERN_ERR "CLOCK_SOURCE descriptor not found\n");
3200                         return -EINVAL;
3201                 }
3202
3203                 chip->clock_id = cs->bClockID;
3204
3205                 for (i = 0; i < assoc->bInterfaceCount; i++) {
3206                         int intf = assoc->bFirstInterface + i;
3207
3208                         if (intf != ctrlif)
3209                                 snd_usb_create_stream(chip, ctrlif, intf);
3210                 }
3211
3212                 break;
3213         }
3214
3215         default:
3216                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unknown protocol version 0x%02x\n", protocol);
3217                 return -EINVAL;
3218         }
3219
3220         return 0;
3221 }
3222
3223 /*
3224  * create a stream for an endpoint/altsetting without proper descriptors
3225  */
3226 static int create_fixed_stream_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3227                                      struct usb_interface *iface,
3228                                      const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3229 {
3230         struct audioformat *fp;
3231         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
3232         int stream, err;
3233         unsigned *rate_table = NULL;
3234
3235         fp = kmemdup(quirk->data, sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
3236         if (! fp) {
3237                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot memdup\n");
3238                 return -ENOMEM;
3239         }
3240         if (fp->nr_rates > 0) {
3241                 rate_table = kmalloc(sizeof(int) * fp->nr_rates, GFP_KERNEL);
3242                 if (!rate_table) {
3243                         kfree(fp);
3244                         return -ENOMEM;
3245                 }
3246                 memcpy(rate_table, fp->rate_table, sizeof(int) * fp->nr_rates);
3247                 fp->rate_table = rate_table;
3248         }
3249
3250         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
3251                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
3252         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
3253         if (err < 0) {
3254                 kfree(fp);
3255                 kfree(rate_table);
3256                 return err;
3257         }
3258         if (fp->iface != get_iface_desc(&iface->altsetting[0])->bInterfaceNumber ||
3259             fp->altset_idx >= iface->num_altsetting) {
3260                 kfree(fp);
3261                 kfree(rate_table);
3262                 return -EINVAL;
3263         }
3264         alts = &iface->altsetting[fp->altset_idx];
3265         fp->datainterval = parse_datainterval(chip, alts);
3266         fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
3267         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
3268         init_usb_pitch(chip->dev, fp->iface, alts, fp);
3269         init_usb_sample_rate(chip->dev, fp->iface, alts, fp, fp->rate_max);
3270         return 0;
3271 }
3272
3273 /*
3274  * create a stream for an interface with proper descriptors
3275  */
3276 static int create_standard_audio_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3277                                        struct usb_interface *iface,
3278                                        const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3279 {
3280         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
3281         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
3282         int err;
3283
3284         alts = &iface->altsetting[0];
3285         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
3286         err = parse_audio_endpoints(chip, altsd->bInterfaceNumber);
3287         if (err < 0) {
3288                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot setup if %d: error %d\n",
3289                            altsd->bInterfaceNumber, err);
3290                 return err;
3291         }
3292         /* reset the current interface */
3293         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, altsd->bInterfaceNumber, 0);
3294         return 0;
3295 }
3296
3297 /*
3298  * Create a stream for an Edirol UA-700/UA-25/UA-4FX interface.  
3299  * The only way to detect the sample rate is by looking at wMaxPacketSize.
3300  */
3301 static int create_uaxx_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3302                               struct usb_interface *iface,
3303                               const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3304 {
3305         static const struct audioformat ua_format = {
3306                 .format = SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_S24_3LE,
3307                 .channels = 2,
3308                 .fmt_type = UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_I,
3309                 .altsetting = 1,
3310                 .altset_idx = 1,
3311                 .rates = SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS,
3312         };
3313         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
3314         struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
3315         struct audioformat *fp;
3316         int stream, err;
3317
3318         /* both PCM and MIDI interfaces have 2 or more altsettings */
3319         if (iface->num_altsetting < 2)
3320                 return -ENXIO;
3321         alts = &iface->altsetting[1];
3322         altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
3323
3324         if (altsd->bNumEndpoints == 2) {
3325                 static const struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info ua700_ep = {
3326                         .out_cables = 0x0003,
3327                         .in_cables  = 0x0003
3328                 };
3329                 static const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk ua700_quirk = {
3330                         .type = QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT,
3331                         .data = &ua700_ep
3332                 };
3333                 static const struct snd_usb_midi_endpoint_info uaxx_ep = {
3334                         .out_cables = 0x0001,
3335                         .in_cables  = 0x0001
3336                 };
3337                 static const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk uaxx_quirk = {
3338                         .type = QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT,
3339                         .data = &uaxx_ep
3340                 };
3341                 const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk =
3342                         chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x0582, 0x002b)
3343                         ? &ua700_quirk : &uaxx_quirk;
3344                 return snd_usbmidi_create(chip->card, iface,
3345                                           &chip->midi_list, quirk);
3346         }
3347
3348         if (altsd->bNumEndpoints != 1)
3349                 return -ENXIO;
3350
3351         fp = kmalloc(sizeof(*fp), GFP_KERNEL);
3352         if (!fp)
3353                 return -ENOMEM;
3354         memcpy(fp, &ua_format, sizeof(*fp));
3355
3356         fp->iface = altsd->bInterfaceNumber;
3357         fp->endpoint = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;
3358         fp->ep_attr = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bmAttributes;
3359         fp->datainterval = 0;
3360         fp->maxpacksize = le16_to_cpu(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->wMaxPacketSize);
3361
3362         switch (fp->maxpacksize) {
3363         case 0x120:
3364                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 44100;
3365                 break;
3366         case 0x138:
3367         case 0x140:
3368                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 48000;
3369                 break;
3370         case 0x258:
3371         case 0x260:
3372                 fp->rate_max = fp->rate_min = 96000;
3373                 break;
3374         default:
3375                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unknown sample rate\n");
3376                 kfree(fp);
3377                 return -ENXIO;
3378         }
3379
3380         stream = (fp->endpoint & USB_DIR_IN)
3381                 ? SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE : SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
3382         err = add_audio_endpoint(chip, stream, fp);
3383         if (err < 0) {
3384                 kfree(fp);
3385                 return err;
3386         }
3387         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, fp->iface, 0);
3388         return 0;
3389 }
3390
3391 static int snd_usb_create_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3392                                 struct usb_interface *iface,
3393                                 const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk);
3394
3395 /*
3396  * handle the quirks for the contained interfaces
3397  */
3398 static int create_composite_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3399                                   struct usb_interface *iface,
3400                                   const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3401 {
3402         int probed_ifnum = get_iface_desc(iface->altsetting)->bInterfaceNumber;
3403         int err;
3404
3405         for (quirk = quirk->data; quirk->ifnum >= 0; ++quirk) {
3406                 iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(chip->dev, quirk->ifnum);
3407                 if (!iface)
3408                         continue;
3409                 if (quirk->ifnum != probed_ifnum &&
3410                     usb_interface_claimed(iface))
3411                         continue;
3412                 err = snd_usb_create_quirk(chip, iface, quirk);
3413                 if (err < 0)
3414                         return err;
3415                 if (quirk->ifnum != probed_ifnum)
3416                         usb_driver_claim_interface(&usb_audio_driver, iface, (void *)-1L);
3417         }
3418         return 0;
3419 }
3420
3421 static int ignore_interface_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3422                                   struct usb_interface *iface,
3423                                   const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3424 {
3425         return 0;
3426 }
3427
3428 /*
3429  * Allow alignment on audio sub-slot (channel samples) rather than
3430  * on audio slots (audio frames)
3431  */
3432 static int create_align_transfer_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3433                                   struct usb_interface *iface,
3434                                   const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3435 {
3436         chip->txfr_quirk = 1;
3437         return 1;       /* Continue with creating streams and mixer */
3438 }
3439
3440
3441 /*
3442  * boot quirks
3443  */
3444
3445 #define EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_OLD 794
3446 #define EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_NEW 483
3447
3448 static int snd_usb_extigy_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev, struct usb_interface *intf)
3449 {
3450         struct usb_host_config *config = dev->actconfig;
3451         int err;
3452
3453         if (le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength) == EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_OLD ||
3454             le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength) == EXTIGY_FIRMWARE_SIZE_NEW) {
3455                 snd_printdd("sending Extigy boot sequence...\n");
3456                 /* Send message to force it to reconnect with full interface. */
3457                 err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev,0),
3458                                       0x10, 0x43, 0x0001, 0x000a, NULL, 0, 1000);
3459                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error sending boot message: %d\n", err);
3460                 err = usb_get_descriptor(dev, USB_DT_DEVICE, 0,
3461                                 &dev->descriptor, sizeof(dev->descriptor));
3462                 config = dev->actconfig;
3463                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error usb_get_descriptor: %d\n", err);
3464                 err = usb_reset_configuration(dev);
3465                 if (err < 0) snd_printdd("error usb_reset_configuration: %d\n", err);
3466                 snd_printdd("extigy_boot: new boot length = %d\n",
3467                             le16_to_cpu(get_cfg_desc(config)->wTotalLength));
3468                 return -ENODEV; /* quit this anyway */
3469         }
3470         return 0;
3471 }
3472
3473 static int snd_usb_audigy2nx_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev)
3474 {
3475         u8 buf = 1;
3476
3477         snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(dev, 0), 0x2a,
3478                         USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_OTHER,
3479                         0, 0, &buf, 1, 1000);
3480         if (buf == 0) {
3481                 snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), 0x29,
3482                                 USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_OTHER,
3483                                 1, 2000, NULL, 0, 1000);
3484                 return -ENODEV;
3485         }
3486         return 0;
3487 }
3488
3489 /*
3490  * C-Media CM106/CM106+ have four 16-bit internal registers that are nicely
3491  * documented in the device's data sheet.
3492  */
3493 static int snd_usb_cm106_write_int_reg(struct usb_device *dev, int reg, u16 value)
3494 {
3495         u8 buf[4];
3496         buf[0] = 0x20;
3497         buf[1] = value & 0xff;
3498         buf[2] = (value >> 8) & 0xff;
3499         buf[3] = reg;
3500         return snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), USB_REQ_SET_CONFIGURATION,
3501                                USB_DIR_OUT | USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT,
3502                                0, 0, &buf, 4, 1000);
3503 }
3504
3505 static int snd_usb_cm106_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev)
3506 {
3507         /*
3508          * Enable line-out driver mode, set headphone source to front
3509          * channels, enable stereo mic.
3510          */
3511         return snd_usb_cm106_write_int_reg(dev, 2, 0x8004);
3512 }
3513
3514 /*
3515  * C-Media CM6206 is based on CM106 with two additional
3516  * registers that are not documented in the data sheet.
3517  * Values here are chosen based on sniffing USB traffic
3518  * under Windows.
3519  */
3520 static int snd_usb_cm6206_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev)
3521 {
3522         int err, reg;
3523         int val[] = {0x200c, 0x3000, 0xf800, 0x143f, 0x0000, 0x3000};
3524
3525         for (reg = 0; reg < ARRAY_SIZE(val); reg++) {
3526                 err = snd_usb_cm106_write_int_reg(dev, reg, val[reg]);
3527                 if (err < 0)
3528                         return err;
3529         }
3530
3531         return err;
3532 }
3533
3534 /*
3535  * This call will put the synth in "USB send" mode, i.e it will send MIDI
3536  * messages through USB (this is disabled at startup). The synth will
3537  * acknowledge by sending a sysex on endpoint 0x85 and by displaying a USB
3538  * sign on its LCD. Values here are chosen based on sniffing USB traffic
3539  * under Windows.
3540  */
3541 static int snd_usb_accessmusic_boot_quirk(struct usb_device *dev)
3542 {
3543         int err, actual_length;
3544
3545         /* "midi send" enable */
3546         static const u8 seq[] = { 0x4e, 0x73, 0x52, 0x01 };
3547
3548         void *buf = kmemdup(seq, ARRAY_SIZE(seq), GFP_KERNEL);
3549         if (!buf)
3550                 return -ENOMEM;
3551         err = usb_interrupt_msg(dev, usb_sndintpipe(dev, 0x05), buf,
3552                         ARRAY_SIZE(seq), &actual_length, 1000);
3553         kfree(buf);
3554         if (err < 0)
3555                 return err;
3556
3557         return 0;
3558 }
3559
3560 /*
3561  * Setup quirks
3562  */
3563 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET                  0x01 /* if set, parse device_setup */
3564 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_DTS              0x02 /* if set, enable DTS Digital Output */
3565 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_96K              0x04 /* 48-96KHz rate if set, 8-48KHz otherwise */
3566 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_24B              0x08 /* 24bits sample if set, 16bits otherwise */
3567 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_DI               0x10 /* if set, enable Digital Input */
3568 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_MASK             0x1F /* bit mask for setup value */
3569 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_24B_48K_DI       0x19 /* value for 24bits+48KHz+Digital Input */
3570 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_24B_48K_NOTDI    0x09 /* value for 24bits+48KHz+No Digital Input */
3571 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_16B_48K_DI       0x11 /* value for 16bits+48KHz+Digital Input */
3572 #define AUDIOPHILE_SET_16B_48K_NOTDI    0x01 /* value for 16bits+48KHz+No Digital Input */
3573
3574 static int audiophile_skip_setting_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3575                                          int iface, int altno)
3576 {
3577         /* Reset ALL ifaces to 0 altsetting.
3578          * Call it for every possible altsetting of every interface.
3579          */
3580         usb_set_interface(chip->dev, iface, 0);
3581
3582         if (device_setup[chip->index] & AUDIOPHILE_SET) {
3583                 if ((device_setup[chip->index] & AUDIOPHILE_SET_DTS)
3584                     && altno != 6)
3585                         return 1; /* skip this altsetting */
3586                 if ((device_setup[chip->index] & AUDIOPHILE_SET_96K)
3587                     && altno != 1)
3588                         return 1; /* skip this altsetting */
3589                 if ((device_setup[chip->index] & AUDIOPHILE_SET_MASK) ==
3590                     AUDIOPHILE_SET_24B_48K_DI && altno != 2)
3591                         return 1; /* skip this altsetting */
3592                 if ((device_setup[chip->index] & AUDIOPHILE_SET_MASK) ==
3593                     AUDIOPHILE_SET_24B_48K_NOTDI && altno != 3)
3594                         return 1; /* skip this altsetting */
3595                 if ((device_setup[chip->index] & AUDIOPHILE_SET_MASK) ==
3596                     AUDIOPHILE_SET_16B_48K_DI && altno != 4)
3597                         return 1; /* skip this altsetting */
3598                 if ((device_setup[chip->index] & AUDIOPHILE_SET_MASK) ==
3599                     AUDIOPHILE_SET_16B_48K_NOTDI && altno != 5)
3600                         return 1; /* skip this altsetting */
3601         }       
3602         return 0; /* keep this altsetting */
3603 }
3604
3605 static int create_any_midi_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3606                                  struct usb_interface *intf,
3607                                  const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3608 {
3609         return snd_usbmidi_create(chip->card, intf, &chip->midi_list, quirk);
3610 }
3611
3612 /*
3613  * audio-interface quirks
3614  *
3615  * returns zero if no standard audio/MIDI parsing is needed.
3616  * returns a postive value if standard audio/midi interfaces are parsed
3617  * after this.
3618  * returns a negative value at error.
3619  */
3620 static int snd_usb_create_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
3621                                 struct usb_interface *iface,
3622                                 const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk)
3623 {
3624         typedef int (*quirk_func_t)(struct snd_usb_audio *, struct usb_interface *,
3625                                     const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *);
3626         static const quirk_func_t quirk_funcs[] = {
3627                 [QUIRK_IGNORE_INTERFACE] = ignore_interface_quirk,
3628                 [QUIRK_COMPOSITE] = create_composite_quirk,
3629                 [QUIRK_MIDI_STANDARD_INTERFACE] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3630                 [QUIRK_MIDI_FIXED_ENDPOINT] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3631                 [QUIRK_MIDI_YAMAHA] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3632                 [QUIRK_MIDI_MIDIMAN] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3633                 [QUIRK_MIDI_NOVATION] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3634                 [QUIRK_MIDI_FASTLANE] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3635                 [QUIRK_MIDI_EMAGIC] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3636                 [QUIRK_MIDI_CME] = create_any_midi_quirk,
3637                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_STANDARD_INTERFACE] = create_standard_audio_quirk,
3638                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_FIXED_ENDPOINT] = create_fixed_stream_quirk,
3639                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_EDIROL_UAXX] = create_uaxx_quirk,
3640                 [QUIRK_AUDIO_ALIGN_TRANSFER] = create_align_transfer_quirk
3641         };
3642
3643         if (quirk->type < QUIRK_TYPE_COUNT) {
3644                 return quirk_funcs[quirk->type](chip, iface, quirk);
3645         } else {
3646                 snd_printd(KERN_ERR "invalid quirk type %d\n", quirk->type);
3647                 return -ENXIO;
3648         }
3649 }
3650
3651
3652 /*
3653  * common proc files to show the usb device info
3654  */
3655 static void proc_audio_usbbus_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
3656 {
3657         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = entry->private_data;
3658         if (!chip->shutdown)
3659                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%03d/%03d\n", chip->dev->bus->busnum, chip->dev->devnum);
3660 }
3661
3662 static void proc_audio_usbid_read(struct snd_info_entry *entry, struct snd_info_buffer *buffer)
3663 {
3664         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = entry->private_data;
3665         if (!chip->shutdown)
3666                 snd_iprintf(buffer, "%04x:%04x\n", 
3667                             USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id),
3668                             USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3669 }
3670
3671 static void snd_usb_audio_create_proc(struct snd_usb_audio *chip)
3672 {
3673         struct snd_info_entry *entry;
3674         if (!snd_card_proc_new(chip->card, "usbbus", &entry))
3675                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, chip, proc_audio_usbbus_read);
3676         if (!snd_card_proc_new(chip->card, "usbid", &entry))
3677                 snd_info_set_text_ops(entry, chip, proc_audio_usbid_read);
3678 }
3679
3680 /*
3681  * free the chip instance
3682  *
3683  * here we have to do not much, since pcm and controls are already freed
3684  *
3685  */
3686
3687 static int snd_usb_audio_free(struct snd_usb_audio *chip)
3688 {
3689         kfree(chip);
3690         return 0;
3691 }
3692
3693 static int snd_usb_audio_dev_free(struct snd_device *device)
3694 {
3695         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = device->device_data;
3696         return snd_usb_audio_free(chip);
3697 }
3698
3699
3700 /*
3701  * create a chip instance and set its names.
3702  */
3703 static int snd_usb_audio_create(struct usb_device *dev, int idx,
3704                                 const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk,
3705                                 struct snd_usb_audio **rchip)
3706 {
3707         struct snd_card *card;
3708         struct snd_usb_audio *chip;
3709         int err, len;
3710         char component[14];
3711         static struct snd_device_ops ops = {
3712                 .dev_free =     snd_usb_audio_dev_free,
3713         };
3714
3715         *rchip = NULL;
3716
3717         if (snd_usb_get_speed(dev) != USB_SPEED_LOW &&
3718             snd_usb_get_speed(dev) != USB_SPEED_FULL &&
3719             snd_usb_get_speed(dev) != USB_SPEED_HIGH) {
3720                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "unknown device speed %d\n", snd_usb_get_speed(dev));
3721                 return -ENXIO;
3722         }
3723
3724         err = snd_card_create(index[idx], id[idx], THIS_MODULE, 0, &card);
3725         if (err < 0) {
3726                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "cannot create card instance %d\n", idx);
3727                 return err;
3728         }
3729
3730         chip = kzalloc(sizeof(*chip), GFP_KERNEL);
3731         if (! chip) {
3732                 snd_card_free(card);
3733                 return -ENOMEM;
3734         }
3735
3736         chip->index = idx;
3737         chip->dev = dev;
3738         chip->card = card;
3739         chip->usb_id = USB_ID(le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idVendor),
3740                               le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idProduct));
3741         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->pcm_list);
3742         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->midi_list);
3743         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&chip->mixer_list);
3744
3745         if ((err = snd_device_new(card, SNDRV_DEV_LOWLEVEL, chip, &ops)) < 0) {
3746                 snd_usb_audio_free(chip);
3747                 snd_card_free(card);
3748                 return err;
3749         }
3750
3751         strcpy(card->driver, "USB-Audio");
3752         sprintf(component, "USB%04x:%04x",
3753                 USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id), USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3754         snd_component_add(card, component);
3755
3756         /* retrieve the device string as shortname */
3757         if (quirk && quirk->product_name) {
3758                 strlcpy(card->shortname, quirk->product_name, sizeof(card->shortname));
3759         } else {
3760                 if (!dev->descriptor.iProduct ||
3761                     usb_string(dev, dev->descriptor.iProduct,
3762                                card->shortname, sizeof(card->shortname)) <= 0) {
3763                         /* no name available from anywhere, so use ID */
3764                         sprintf(card->shortname, "USB Device %#04x:%#04x",
3765                                 USB_ID_VENDOR(chip->usb_id),
3766                                 USB_ID_PRODUCT(chip->usb_id));
3767                 }
3768         }
3769
3770         /* retrieve the vendor and device strings as longname */
3771         if (quirk && quirk->vendor_name) {
3772                 len = strlcpy(card->longname, quirk->vendor_name, sizeof(card->longname));
3773         } else {
3774                 if (dev->descriptor.iManufacturer)
3775                         len = usb_string(dev, dev->descriptor.iManufacturer,
3776                                          card->longname, sizeof(card->longname));
3777                 else
3778                         len = 0;
3779                 /* we don't really care if there isn't any vendor string */
3780         }
3781         if (len > 0)
3782                 strlcat(card->longname, " ", sizeof(card->longname));
3783
3784         strlcat(card->longname, card->shortname, sizeof(card->longname));
3785
3786         len = strlcat(card->longname, " at ", sizeof(card->longname));
3787
3788         if (len < sizeof(card->longname))
3789                 usb_make_path(dev, card->longname + len, sizeof(card->longname) - len);
3790
3791         strlcat(card->longname,
3792                 snd_usb_get_speed(dev) == USB_SPEED_LOW ? ", low speed" :
3793                 snd_usb_get_speed(dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL ? ", full speed" :
3794                 ", high speed",
3795                 sizeof(card->longname));
3796
3797         snd_usb_audio_create_proc(chip);
3798
3799         *rchip = chip;
3800         return 0;
3801 }
3802
3803
3804 /*
3805  * probe the active usb device
3806  *
3807  * note that this can be called multiple times per a device, when it
3808  * includes multiple audio control interfaces.
3809  *
3810  * thus we check the usb device pointer and creates the card instance
3811  * only at the first time.  the successive calls of this function will
3812  * append the pcm interface to the corresponding card.
3813  */
3814 static void *snd_usb_audio_probe(struct usb_device *dev,
3815                                  struct usb_interface *intf,
3816                                  const struct usb_device_id *usb_id)
3817 {
3818         const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *quirk = (const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk *)usb_id->driver_info;
3819         int i, err;
3820         struct snd_usb_audio *chip;
3821         struct usb_host_interface *alts;
3822         int ifnum;
3823         u32 id;
3824
3825         alts = &intf->altsetting[0];
3826         ifnum = get_iface_desc(alts)->bInterfaceNumber;
3827         id = USB_ID(le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idVendor),
3828                     le16_to_cpu(dev->descriptor.idProduct));
3829         if (quirk && quirk->ifnum >= 0 && ifnum != quirk->ifnum)
3830                 goto __err_val;
3831
3832         /* SB Extigy needs special boot-up sequence */
3833         /* if more models come, this will go to the quirk list. */
3834         if (id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3000)) {
3835                 if (snd_usb_extigy_boot_quirk(dev, intf) < 0)
3836                         goto __err_val;
3837         }
3838         /* SB Audigy 2 NX needs its own boot-up magic, too */
3839         if (id == USB_ID(0x041e, 0x3020)) {
3840                 if (snd_usb_audigy2nx_boot_quirk(dev) < 0)
3841                         goto __err_val;
3842         }
3843
3844         /* C-Media CM106 / Turtle Beach Audio Advantage Roadie */
3845         if (id == USB_ID(0x10f5, 0x0200)) {
3846                 if (snd_usb_cm106_boot_quirk(dev) < 0)
3847                         goto __err_val;
3848         }
3849
3850         /* C-Media CM6206 / CM106-Like Sound Device */
3851         if (id == USB_ID(0x0d8c, 0x0102)) {
3852                 if (snd_usb_cm6206_boot_quirk(dev) < 0)
3853                         goto __err_val;
3854         }
3855
3856         /* Access Music VirusTI Desktop */
3857         if (id == USB_ID(0x133e, 0x0815)) {
3858                 if (snd_usb_accessmusic_boot_quirk(dev) < 0)
3859                         goto __err_val;
3860         }
3861
3862         /*
3863          * found a config.  now register to ALSA
3864          */
3865
3866         /* check whether it's already registered */
3867         chip = NULL;
3868         mutex_lock(&register_mutex);
3869         for (i = 0; i < SNDRV_CARDS; i++) {
3870                 if (usb_chip[i] && usb_chip[i]->dev == dev) {
3871                         if (usb_chip[i]->shutdown) {
3872                                 snd_printk(KERN_ERR "USB device is in the shutdown state, cannot create a card instance\n");
3873                                 goto __error;
3874                         }
3875                         chip = usb_chip[i];
3876                         break;
3877                 }
3878         }
3879         if (! chip) {
3880                 /* it's a fresh one.
3881                  * now look for an empty slot and create a new card instance
3882                  */
3883                 for (i = 0; i < SNDRV_CARDS; i++)
3884                         if (enable[i] && ! usb_chip[i] &&
3885                             (vid[i] == -1 || vid[i] == USB_ID_VENDOR(id)) &&
3886                             (pid[i] == -1 || pid[i] == USB_ID_PRODUCT(id))) {
3887                                 if (snd_usb_audio_create(dev, i, quirk, &chip) < 0) {
3888                                         goto __error;
3889                                 }
3890                                 snd_card_set_dev(chip->card, &intf->dev);
3891                                 break;
3892                         }
3893                 if (!chip) {
3894                         printk(KERN_ERR "no available usb audio device\n");
3895                         goto __error;
3896                 }
3897         }
3898
3899         chip->txfr_quirk = 0;
3900         err = 1; /* continue */
3901         if (quirk && quirk->ifnum != QUIRK_NO_INTERFACE) {
3902                 /* need some special handlings */
3903                 if ((err = snd_usb_create_quirk(chip, intf, quirk)) < 0)
3904                         goto __error;
3905         }
3906
3907         if (err > 0) {
3908                 /* create normal USB audio interfaces */
3909                 if (snd_usb_create_streams(chip, ifnum) < 0 ||
3910                     snd_usb_create_mixer(chip, ifnum, ignore_ctl_error) < 0) {
3911                         goto __error;
3912                 }
3913         }
3914
3915         /* we are allowed to call snd_card_register() many times */
3916         if (snd_card_register(chip->card) < 0) {
3917                 goto __error;
3918         }
3919
3920         usb_chip[chip->index] = chip;
3921         chip->num_interfaces++;
3922         mutex_unlock(&register_mutex);
3923         return chip;
3924
3925  __error:
3926         if (chip && !chip->num_interfaces)
3927                 snd_card_free(chip->card);
3928         mutex_unlock(&register_mutex);
3929  __err_val:
3930         return NULL;
3931 }
3932
3933 /*
3934  * we need to take care of counter, since disconnection can be called also
3935  * many times as well as usb_audio_probe().
3936  */
3937 static void snd_usb_audio_disconnect(struct usb_device *dev, void *ptr)
3938 {
3939         struct snd_usb_audio *chip;
3940         struct snd_card *card;
3941         struct list_head *p;
3942
3943         if (ptr == (void *)-1L)
3944                 return;
3945
3946         chip = ptr;
3947         card = chip->card;
3948         mutex_lock(&register_mutex);
3949         chip->shutdown = 1;
3950         chip->num_interfaces--;
3951         if (chip->num_interfaces <= 0) {
3952                 snd_card_disconnect(card);
3953                 /* release the pcm resources */
3954                 list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
3955                         snd_usb_stream_disconnect(p);
3956                 }
3957                 /* release the midi resources */
3958                 list_for_each(p, &chip->midi_list) {
3959                         snd_usbmidi_disconnect(p);
3960                 }
3961                 /* release mixer resources */
3962                 list_for_each(p, &chip->mixer_list) {
3963                         snd_usb_mixer_disconnect(p);
3964                 }
3965                 usb_chip[chip->index] = NULL;
3966                 mutex_unlock(&register_mutex);
3967                 snd_card_free_when_closed(card);
3968         } else {
3969                 mutex_unlock(&register_mutex);
3970         }
3971 }
3972
3973 /*
3974  * new 2.5 USB kernel API
3975  */
3976 static int usb_audio_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
3977                            const struct usb_device_id *id)
3978 {
3979         void *chip;
3980         chip = snd_usb_audio_probe(interface_to_usbdev(intf), intf, id);
3981         if (chip) {
3982                 usb_set_intfdata(intf, chip);
3983                 return 0;
3984         } else
3985                 return -EIO;
3986 }
3987
3988 static void usb_audio_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
3989 {
3990         snd_usb_audio_disconnect(interface_to_usbdev(intf),
3991                                  usb_get_intfdata(intf));
3992 }
3993
3994 #ifdef CONFIG_PM
3995 static int usb_audio_suspend(struct usb_interface *intf, pm_message_t message)
3996 {
3997         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
3998         struct list_head *p;
3999         struct snd_usb_stream *as;
4000
4001         if (chip == (void *)-1L)
4002                 return 0;
4003
4004         snd_power_change_state(chip->card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D3hot);
4005         if (!chip->num_suspended_intf++) {
4006                 list_for_each(p, &chip->pcm_list) {
4007                         as = list_entry(p, struct snd_usb_stream, list);
4008                         snd_pcm_suspend_all(as->pcm);
4009                 }
4010         }
4011
4012         return 0;
4013 }
4014
4015 static int usb_audio_resume(struct usb_interface *intf)
4016 {
4017         struct snd_usb_audio *chip = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
4018
4019         if (chip == (void *)-1L)
4020                 return 0;
4021         if (--chip->num_suspended_intf)
4022                 return 0;
4023         /*
4024          * ALSA leaves material resumption to user space
4025          * we just notify
4026          */
4027
4028         snd_power_change_state(chip->card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
4029
4030         return 0;
4031 }
4032 #endif          /* CONFIG_PM */
4033
4034 static int __init snd_usb_audio_init(void)
4035 {
4036         if (nrpacks < 1 || nrpacks > MAX_PACKS) {
4037                 printk(KERN_WARNING "invalid nrpacks value.\n");
4038                 return -EINVAL;
4039         }
4040         return usb_register(&usb_audio_driver);
4041 }
4042
4043
4044 static void __exit snd_usb_audio_cleanup(void)
4045 {
4046         usb_deregister(&usb_audio_driver);
4047 }
4048
4049 module_init(snd_usb_audio_init);
4050 module_exit(snd_usb_audio_cleanup);