[ALSA] Remove PCM xfer_align sw params
[linux-2.6.git] / sound / core / pcm_native.c
1 /*
2  *  Digital Audio (PCM) abstract layer
3  *  Copyright (c) by Jaroslav Kysela <perex@perex.cz>
4  *
5  *
6  *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
7  *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
8  *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
9  *   (at your option) any later version.
10  *
11  *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
12  *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
13  *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
14  *   GNU General Public License for more details.
15  *
16  *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
17  *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
18  *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
19  *
20  */
21
22 #include <sound/driver.h>
23 #include <linux/mm.h>
24 #include <linux/file.h>
25 #include <linux/slab.h>
26 #include <linux/time.h>
27 #include <linux/latency.h>
28 #include <linux/uio.h>
29 #include <sound/core.h>
30 #include <sound/control.h>
31 #include <sound/info.h>
32 #include <sound/pcm.h>
33 #include <sound/pcm_params.h>
34 #include <sound/timer.h>
35 #include <sound/minors.h>
36 #include <asm/io.h>
37
38 /*
39  *  Compatibility
40  */
41
42 struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old {
43         unsigned int flags;
44         unsigned int masks[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SUBFORMAT -
45                            SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_ACCESS + 1];
46         struct snd_interval intervals[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_TICK_TIME -
47                                         SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS + 1];
48         unsigned int rmask;
49         unsigned int cmask;
50         unsigned int info;
51         unsigned int msbits;
52         unsigned int rate_num;
53         unsigned int rate_den;
54         snd_pcm_uframes_t fifo_size;
55         unsigned char reserved[64];
56 };
57
58 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_SUPPORT_OLD_API
59 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE_OLD _IOWR('A', 0x10, struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old)
60 #define SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS_OLD _IOWR('A', 0x11, struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old)
61
62 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
63                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams);
64 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
65                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams);
66 #endif
67 static int snd_pcm_open(struct file *file, struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream);
68
69 /*
70  *
71  */
72
73 DEFINE_RWLOCK(snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
74 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
75
76 static DECLARE_RWSEM(snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
77
78 static inline mm_segment_t snd_enter_user(void)
79 {
80         mm_segment_t fs = get_fs();
81         set_fs(get_ds());
82         return fs;
83 }
84
85 static inline void snd_leave_user(mm_segment_t fs)
86 {
87         set_fs(fs);
88 }
89
90
91
92 int snd_pcm_info(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct snd_pcm_info *info)
93 {
94         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
95         struct snd_pcm *pcm = substream->pcm;
96         struct snd_pcm_str *pstr = substream->pstr;
97
98         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
99         memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
100         info->card = pcm->card->number;
101         info->device = pcm->device;
102         info->stream = substream->stream;
103         info->subdevice = substream->number;
104         strlcpy(info->id, pcm->id, sizeof(info->id));
105         strlcpy(info->name, pcm->name, sizeof(info->name));
106         info->dev_class = pcm->dev_class;
107         info->dev_subclass = pcm->dev_subclass;
108         info->subdevices_count = pstr->substream_count;
109         info->subdevices_avail = pstr->substream_count - pstr->substream_opened;
110         strlcpy(info->subname, substream->name, sizeof(info->subname));
111         runtime = substream->runtime;
112         /* AB: FIXME!!! This is definitely nonsense */
113         if (runtime) {
114                 info->sync = runtime->sync;
115                 substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_INFO, info);
116         }
117         return 0;
118 }
119
120 int snd_pcm_info_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
121                       struct snd_pcm_info __user * _info)
122 {
123         struct snd_pcm_info *info;
124         int err;
125
126         info = kmalloc(sizeof(*info), GFP_KERNEL);
127         if (! info)
128                 return -ENOMEM;
129         err = snd_pcm_info(substream, info);
130         if (err >= 0) {
131                 if (copy_to_user(_info, info, sizeof(*info)))
132                         err = -EFAULT;
133         }
134         kfree(info);
135         return err;
136 }
137
138 #undef RULES_DEBUG
139
140 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
141 #define HW_PARAM(v) [SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_##v] = #v
142 char *snd_pcm_hw_param_names[] = {
143         HW_PARAM(ACCESS),
144         HW_PARAM(FORMAT),
145         HW_PARAM(SUBFORMAT),
146         HW_PARAM(SAMPLE_BITS),
147         HW_PARAM(FRAME_BITS),
148         HW_PARAM(CHANNELS),
149         HW_PARAM(RATE),
150         HW_PARAM(PERIOD_TIME),
151         HW_PARAM(PERIOD_SIZE),
152         HW_PARAM(PERIOD_BYTES),
153         HW_PARAM(PERIODS),
154         HW_PARAM(BUFFER_TIME),
155         HW_PARAM(BUFFER_SIZE),
156         HW_PARAM(BUFFER_BYTES),
157         HW_PARAM(TICK_TIME),
158 };
159 #endif
160
161 int snd_pcm_hw_refine(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, 
162                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
163 {
164         unsigned int k;
165         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw;
166         struct snd_interval *i = NULL;
167         struct snd_mask *m = NULL;
168         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs = &substream->runtime->hw_constraints;
169         unsigned int rstamps[constrs->rules_num];
170         unsigned int vstamps[SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL + 1];
171         unsigned int stamp = 2;
172         int changed, again;
173
174         params->info = 0;
175         params->fifo_size = 0;
176         if (params->rmask & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS))
177                 params->msbits = 0;
178         if (params->rmask & (1 << SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE)) {
179                 params->rate_num = 0;
180                 params->rate_den = 0;
181         }
182
183         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK; k++) {
184                 m = hw_param_mask(params, k);
185                 if (snd_mask_empty(m))
186                         return -EINVAL;
187                 if (!(params->rmask & (1 << k)))
188                         continue;
189 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
190                 printk("%s = ", snd_pcm_hw_param_names[k]);
191                 printk("%04x%04x%04x%04x -> ", m->bits[3], m->bits[2], m->bits[1], m->bits[0]);
192 #endif
193                 changed = snd_mask_refine(m, constrs_mask(constrs, k));
194 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
195                 printk("%04x%04x%04x%04x\n", m->bits[3], m->bits[2], m->bits[1], m->bits[0]);
196 #endif
197                 if (changed)
198                         params->cmask |= 1 << k;
199                 if (changed < 0)
200                         return changed;
201         }
202
203         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) {
204                 i = hw_param_interval(params, k);
205                 if (snd_interval_empty(i))
206                         return -EINVAL;
207                 if (!(params->rmask & (1 << k)))
208                         continue;
209 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
210                 printk("%s = ", snd_pcm_hw_param_names[k]);
211                 if (i->empty)
212                         printk("empty");
213                 else
214                         printk("%c%u %u%c", 
215                                i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
216                                i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
217                 printk(" -> ");
218 #endif
219                 changed = snd_interval_refine(i, constrs_interval(constrs, k));
220 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
221                 if (i->empty)
222                         printk("empty\n");
223                 else 
224                         printk("%c%u %u%c\n", 
225                                i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
226                                i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
227 #endif
228                 if (changed)
229                         params->cmask |= 1 << k;
230                 if (changed < 0)
231                         return changed;
232         }
233
234         for (k = 0; k < constrs->rules_num; k++)
235                 rstamps[k] = 0;
236         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) 
237                 vstamps[k] = (params->rmask & (1 << k)) ? 1 : 0;
238         do {
239                 again = 0;
240                 for (k = 0; k < constrs->rules_num; k++) {
241                         struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *r = &constrs->rules[k];
242                         unsigned int d;
243                         int doit = 0;
244                         if (r->cond && !(r->cond & params->flags))
245                                 continue;
246                         for (d = 0; r->deps[d] >= 0; d++) {
247                                 if (vstamps[r->deps[d]] > rstamps[k]) {
248                                         doit = 1;
249                                         break;
250                                 }
251                         }
252                         if (!doit)
253                                 continue;
254 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
255                         printk("Rule %d [%p]: ", k, r->func);
256                         if (r->var >= 0) {
257                                 printk("%s = ", snd_pcm_hw_param_names[r->var]);
258                                 if (hw_is_mask(r->var)) {
259                                         m = hw_param_mask(params, r->var);
260                                         printk("%x", *m->bits);
261                                 } else {
262                                         i = hw_param_interval(params, r->var);
263                                         if (i->empty)
264                                                 printk("empty");
265                                         else
266                                                 printk("%c%u %u%c", 
267                                                        i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
268                                                        i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
269                                 }
270                         }
271 #endif
272                         changed = r->func(params, r);
273 #ifdef RULES_DEBUG
274                         if (r->var >= 0) {
275                                 printk(" -> ");
276                                 if (hw_is_mask(r->var))
277                                         printk("%x", *m->bits);
278                                 else {
279                                         if (i->empty)
280                                                 printk("empty");
281                                         else
282                                                 printk("%c%u %u%c", 
283                                                        i->openmin ? '(' : '[', i->min,
284                                                        i->max, i->openmax ? ')' : ']');
285                                 }
286                         }
287                         printk("\n");
288 #endif
289                         rstamps[k] = stamp;
290                         if (changed && r->var >= 0) {
291                                 params->cmask |= (1 << r->var);
292                                 vstamps[r->var] = stamp;
293                                 again = 1;
294                         }
295                         if (changed < 0)
296                                 return changed;
297                         stamp++;
298                 }
299         } while (again);
300         if (!params->msbits) {
301                 i = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS);
302                 if (snd_interval_single(i))
303                         params->msbits = snd_interval_value(i);
304         }
305
306         if (!params->rate_den) {
307                 i = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
308                 if (snd_interval_single(i)) {
309                         params->rate_num = snd_interval_value(i);
310                         params->rate_den = 1;
311                 }
312         }
313
314         hw = &substream->runtime->hw;
315         if (!params->info)
316                 params->info = hw->info;
317         if (!params->fifo_size)
318                 params->fifo_size = hw->fifo_size;
319         params->rmask = 0;
320         return 0;
321 }
322
323 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_hw_refine);
324
325 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
326                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_params __user * _params)
327 {
328         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
329         int err;
330
331         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
332         if (!params) {
333                 err = -ENOMEM;
334                 goto out;
335         }
336         if (copy_from_user(params, _params, sizeof(*params))) {
337                 err = -EFAULT;
338                 goto out;
339         }
340         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
341         if (copy_to_user(_params, params, sizeof(*params))) {
342                 if (!err)
343                         err = -EFAULT;
344         }
345 out:
346         kfree(params);
347         return err;
348 }
349
350 static int period_to_usecs(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime)
351 {
352         int usecs;
353
354         if (! runtime->rate)
355                 return -1; /* invalid */
356
357         /* take 75% of period time as the deadline */
358         usecs = (750000 / runtime->rate) * runtime->period_size;
359         usecs += ((750000 % runtime->rate) * runtime->period_size) /
360                 runtime->rate;
361
362         return usecs;
363 }
364
365 static int snd_pcm_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
366                              struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
367 {
368         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
369         int err, usecs;
370         unsigned int bits;
371         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
372
373         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
374         runtime = substream->runtime;
375         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -ENXIO);
376         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
377         switch (runtime->status->state) {
378         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN:
379         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP:
380         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
381                 break;
382         default:
383                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
384                 return -EBADFD;
385         }
386         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
387 #if defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS) || defined(CONFIG_SND_PCM_OSS_MODULE)
388         if (!substream->oss.oss)
389 #endif
390                 if (atomic_read(&substream->mmap_count))
391                         return -EBADFD;
392
393         params->rmask = ~0U;
394         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
395         if (err < 0)
396                 goto _error;
397
398         err = snd_pcm_hw_params_choose(substream, params);
399         if (err < 0)
400                 goto _error;
401
402         if (substream->ops->hw_params != NULL) {
403                 err = substream->ops->hw_params(substream, params);
404                 if (err < 0)
405                         goto _error;
406         }
407
408         runtime->access = params_access(params);
409         runtime->format = params_format(params);
410         runtime->subformat = params_subformat(params);
411         runtime->channels = params_channels(params);
412         runtime->rate = params_rate(params);
413         runtime->period_size = params_period_size(params);
414         runtime->periods = params_periods(params);
415         runtime->buffer_size = params_buffer_size(params);
416         runtime->tick_time = params_tick_time(params);
417         runtime->info = params->info;
418         runtime->rate_num = params->rate_num;
419         runtime->rate_den = params->rate_den;
420
421         bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(runtime->format);
422         runtime->sample_bits = bits;
423         bits *= runtime->channels;
424         runtime->frame_bits = bits;
425         frames = 1;
426         while (bits % 8 != 0) {
427                 bits *= 2;
428                 frames *= 2;
429         }
430         runtime->byte_align = bits / 8;
431         runtime->min_align = frames;
432
433         /* Default sw params */
434         runtime->tstamp_mode = SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_NONE;
435         runtime->period_step = 1;
436         runtime->sleep_min = 0;
437         runtime->control->avail_min = runtime->period_size;
438         runtime->start_threshold = 1;
439         runtime->stop_threshold = runtime->buffer_size;
440         runtime->silence_threshold = 0;
441         runtime->silence_size = 0;
442         runtime->boundary = runtime->buffer_size;
443         while (runtime->boundary * 2 <= LONG_MAX - runtime->buffer_size)
444                 runtime->boundary *= 2;
445
446         snd_pcm_timer_resolution_change(substream);
447         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP;
448
449         remove_acceptable_latency(substream->latency_id);
450         if ((usecs = period_to_usecs(runtime)) >= 0)
451                 set_acceptable_latency(substream->latency_id, usecs);
452         return 0;
453  _error:
454         /* hardware might be unuseable from this time,
455            so we force application to retry to set
456            the correct hardware parameter settings */
457         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN;
458         if (substream->ops->hw_free != NULL)
459                 substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
460         return err;
461 }
462
463 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
464                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_params __user * _params)
465 {
466         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
467         int err;
468
469         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
470         if (!params) {
471                 err = -ENOMEM;
472                 goto out;
473         }
474         if (copy_from_user(params, _params, sizeof(*params))) {
475                 err = -EFAULT;
476                 goto out;
477         }
478         err = snd_pcm_hw_params(substream, params);
479         if (copy_to_user(_params, params, sizeof(*params))) {
480                 if (!err)
481                         err = -EFAULT;
482         }
483 out:
484         kfree(params);
485         return err;
486 }
487
488 static int snd_pcm_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
489 {
490         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
491         int result = 0;
492
493         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
494         runtime = substream->runtime;
495         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -ENXIO);
496         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
497         switch (runtime->status->state) {
498         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP:
499         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
500                 break;
501         default:
502                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
503                 return -EBADFD;
504         }
505         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
506         if (atomic_read(&substream->mmap_count))
507                 return -EBADFD;
508         if (substream->ops->hw_free)
509                 result = substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
510         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN;
511         remove_acceptable_latency(substream->latency_id);
512         return result;
513 }
514
515 static int snd_pcm_sw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
516                              struct snd_pcm_sw_params *params)
517 {
518         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
519
520         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
521         runtime = substream->runtime;
522         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -ENXIO);
523         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
524         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
525                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
526                 return -EBADFD;
527         }
528         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
529
530         if (params->tstamp_mode > SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_LAST)
531                 return -EINVAL;
532         if (params->avail_min == 0)
533                 return -EINVAL;
534         if (params->silence_size >= runtime->boundary) {
535                 if (params->silence_threshold != 0)
536                         return -EINVAL;
537         } else {
538                 if (params->silence_size > params->silence_threshold)
539                         return -EINVAL;
540                 if (params->silence_threshold > runtime->buffer_size)
541                         return -EINVAL;
542         }
543         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
544         runtime->tstamp_mode = params->tstamp_mode;
545         runtime->sleep_min = params->sleep_min;
546         runtime->period_step = params->period_step;
547         runtime->control->avail_min = params->avail_min;
548         runtime->start_threshold = params->start_threshold;
549         runtime->stop_threshold = params->stop_threshold;
550         runtime->silence_threshold = params->silence_threshold;
551         runtime->silence_size = params->silence_size;
552         params->boundary = runtime->boundary;
553         if (snd_pcm_running(substream)) {
554                 if (runtime->sleep_min)
555                         snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
556                 else
557                         snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
558                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
559                     runtime->silence_size > 0)
560                         snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
561                 wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
562         }
563         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
564         return 0;
565 }
566
567 static int snd_pcm_sw_params_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
568                                   struct snd_pcm_sw_params __user * _params)
569 {
570         struct snd_pcm_sw_params params;
571         int err;
572         if (copy_from_user(&params, _params, sizeof(params)))
573                 return -EFAULT;
574         err = snd_pcm_sw_params(substream, &params);
575         if (copy_to_user(_params, &params, sizeof(params)))
576                 return -EFAULT;
577         return err;
578 }
579
580 int snd_pcm_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
581                    struct snd_pcm_status *status)
582 {
583         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
584
585         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
586         status->state = runtime->status->state;
587         status->suspended_state = runtime->status->suspended_state;
588         if (status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
589                 goto _end;
590         status->trigger_tstamp = runtime->trigger_tstamp;
591         if (snd_pcm_running(substream))
592                 snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream);
593         snd_pcm_gettime(runtime, &status->tstamp);
594         status->appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr;
595         status->hw_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
596         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
597                 status->avail = snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
598                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING ||
599                     runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING)
600                         status->delay = runtime->buffer_size - status->avail;
601                 else
602                         status->delay = 0;
603         } else {
604                 status->avail = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
605                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING)
606                         status->delay = status->avail;
607                 else
608                         status->delay = 0;
609         }
610         status->avail_max = runtime->avail_max;
611         status->overrange = runtime->overrange;
612         runtime->avail_max = 0;
613         runtime->overrange = 0;
614  _end:
615         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
616         return 0;
617 }
618
619 static int snd_pcm_status_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
620                                struct snd_pcm_status __user * _status)
621 {
622         struct snd_pcm_status status;
623         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
624         int res;
625         
626         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
627         runtime = substream->runtime;
628         memset(&status, 0, sizeof(status));
629         res = snd_pcm_status(substream, &status);
630         if (res < 0)
631                 return res;
632         if (copy_to_user(_status, &status, sizeof(status)))
633                 return -EFAULT;
634         return 0;
635 }
636
637 static int snd_pcm_channel_info(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
638                                 struct snd_pcm_channel_info * info)
639 {
640         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
641         unsigned int channel;
642         
643         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
644         channel = info->channel;
645         runtime = substream->runtime;
646         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
647         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
648                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
649                 return -EBADFD;
650         }
651         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
652         if (channel >= runtime->channels)
653                 return -EINVAL;
654         memset(info, 0, sizeof(*info));
655         info->channel = channel;
656         return substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_CHANNEL_INFO, info);
657 }
658
659 static int snd_pcm_channel_info_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
660                                      struct snd_pcm_channel_info __user * _info)
661 {
662         struct snd_pcm_channel_info info;
663         int res;
664         
665         if (copy_from_user(&info, _info, sizeof(info)))
666                 return -EFAULT;
667         res = snd_pcm_channel_info(substream, &info);
668         if (res < 0)
669                 return res;
670         if (copy_to_user(_info, &info, sizeof(info)))
671                 return -EFAULT;
672         return 0;
673 }
674
675 static void snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
676 {
677         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
678         if (runtime->trigger_master == NULL)
679                 return;
680         if (runtime->trigger_master == substream) {
681                 snd_pcm_gettime(runtime, &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
682         } else {
683                 snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(runtime->trigger_master);
684                 runtime->trigger_tstamp = runtime->trigger_master->runtime->trigger_tstamp;
685         }
686         runtime->trigger_master = NULL;
687 }
688
689 struct action_ops {
690         int (*pre_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
691         int (*do_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
692         void (*undo_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
693         void (*post_action)(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state);
694 };
695
696 /*
697  *  this functions is core for handling of linked stream
698  *  Note: the stream state might be changed also on failure
699  *  Note2: call with calling stream lock + link lock
700  */
701 static int snd_pcm_action_group(struct action_ops *ops,
702                                 struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
703                                 int state, int do_lock)
704 {
705         struct snd_pcm_substream *s = NULL;
706         struct snd_pcm_substream *s1;
707         int res = 0;
708
709         snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
710                 if (do_lock && s != substream)
711                         spin_lock_nested(&s->self_group.lock,
712                                          SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
713                 res = ops->pre_action(s, state);
714                 if (res < 0)
715                         goto _unlock;
716         }
717         snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
718                 res = ops->do_action(s, state);
719                 if (res < 0) {
720                         if (ops->undo_action) {
721                                 snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s1, substream) {
722                                         if (s1 == s) /* failed stream */
723                                                 break;
724                                         ops->undo_action(s1, state);
725                                 }
726                         }
727                         s = NULL; /* unlock all */
728                         goto _unlock;
729                 }
730         }
731         snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
732                 ops->post_action(s, state);
733         }
734  _unlock:
735         if (do_lock) {
736                 /* unlock streams */
737                 snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s1, substream) {
738                         if (s1 != substream)
739                                 spin_unlock(&s1->self_group.lock);
740                         if (s1 == s)    /* end */
741                                 break;
742                 }
743         }
744         return res;
745 }
746
747 /*
748  *  Note: call with stream lock
749  */
750 static int snd_pcm_action_single(struct action_ops *ops,
751                                  struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
752                                  int state)
753 {
754         int res;
755         
756         res = ops->pre_action(substream, state);
757         if (res < 0)
758                 return res;
759         res = ops->do_action(substream, state);
760         if (res == 0)
761                 ops->post_action(substream, state);
762         else if (ops->undo_action)
763                 ops->undo_action(substream, state);
764         return res;
765 }
766
767 /*
768  *  Note: call with stream lock
769  */
770 static int snd_pcm_action(struct action_ops *ops,
771                           struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
772                           int state)
773 {
774         int res;
775
776         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
777                 if (!spin_trylock(&substream->group->lock)) {
778                         spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
779                         spin_lock(&substream->group->lock);
780                         spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
781                 }
782                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 1);
783                 spin_unlock(&substream->group->lock);
784         } else {
785                 res = snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
786         }
787         return res;
788 }
789
790 /*
791  *  Note: don't use any locks before
792  */
793 static int snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(struct action_ops *ops,
794                                    struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
795                                    int state)
796 {
797         int res;
798
799         read_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
800         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
801                 spin_lock(&substream->group->lock);
802                 spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
803                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 1);
804                 spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
805                 spin_unlock(&substream->group->lock);
806         } else {
807                 spin_lock(&substream->self_group.lock);
808                 res = snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
809                 spin_unlock(&substream->self_group.lock);
810         }
811         read_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
812         return res;
813 }
814
815 /*
816  */
817 static int snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(struct action_ops *ops,
818                                     struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
819                                     int state)
820 {
821         int res;
822
823         down_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
824         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream))
825                 res = snd_pcm_action_group(ops, substream, state, 0);
826         else
827                 res = snd_pcm_action_single(ops, substream, state);
828         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
829         return res;
830 }
831
832 /*
833  * start callbacks
834  */
835 static int snd_pcm_pre_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
836 {
837         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
838         if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED)
839                 return -EBADFD;
840         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
841             !snd_pcm_playback_data(substream))
842                 return -EPIPE;
843         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
844         return 0;
845 }
846
847 static int snd_pcm_do_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
848 {
849         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master != substream)
850                 return 0;
851         return substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START);
852 }
853
854 static void snd_pcm_undo_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
855 {
856         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream)
857                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP);
858 }
859
860 static void snd_pcm_post_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
861 {
862         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
863         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
864         runtime->status->state = state;
865         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
866             runtime->silence_size > 0)
867                 snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
868         if (runtime->sleep_min)
869                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
870         if (substream->timer)
871                 snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTART,
872                                  &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
873 }
874
875 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_start = {
876         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_start,
877         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_start,
878         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_start,
879         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_start
880 };
881
882 /**
883  * snd_pcm_start
884  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
885  *
886  * Start all linked streams.
887  */
888 int snd_pcm_start(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
889 {
890         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_start, substream,
891                               SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING);
892 }
893
894 /*
895  * stop callbacks
896  */
897 static int snd_pcm_pre_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
898 {
899         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
900         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
901                 return -EBADFD;
902         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
903         return 0;
904 }
905
906 static int snd_pcm_do_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
907 {
908         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream &&
909             snd_pcm_running(substream))
910                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP);
911         return 0; /* unconditonally stop all substreams */
912 }
913
914 static void snd_pcm_post_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
915 {
916         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
917         if (runtime->status->state != state) {
918                 snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
919                 if (substream->timer)
920                         snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSTOP,
921                                          &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
922                 runtime->status->state = state;
923                 snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
924         }
925         wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
926 }
927
928 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_stop = {
929         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_stop,
930         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_stop,
931         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_stop
932 };
933
934 /**
935  * snd_pcm_stop
936  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
937  * @state: PCM state after stopping the stream
938  *
939  * Try to stop all running streams in the substream group.
940  * The state of each stream is changed to the given value after that unconditionally.
941  */
942 int snd_pcm_stop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
943 {
944         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_stop, substream, state);
945 }
946
947 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_stop);
948
949 /**
950  * snd_pcm_drain_done
951  * @substream: the PCM substream
952  *
953  * Stop the DMA only when the given stream is playback.
954  * The state is changed to SETUP.
955  * Unlike snd_pcm_stop(), this affects only the given stream.
956  */
957 int snd_pcm_drain_done(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
958 {
959         return snd_pcm_action_single(&snd_pcm_action_stop, substream,
960                                      SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
961 }
962
963 /*
964  * pause callbacks
965  */
966 static int snd_pcm_pre_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
967 {
968         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
969         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_PAUSE))
970                 return -ENOSYS;
971         if (push) {
972                 if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING)
973                         return -EBADFD;
974         } else if (runtime->status->state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
975                 return -EBADFD;
976         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
977         return 0;
978 }
979
980 static int snd_pcm_do_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
981 {
982         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master != substream)
983                 return 0;
984         return substream->ops->trigger(substream,
985                                        push ? SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH :
986                                               SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE);
987 }
988
989 static void snd_pcm_undo_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
990 {
991         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream)
992                 substream->ops->trigger(substream,
993                                         push ? SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE :
994                                         SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH);
995 }
996
997 static void snd_pcm_post_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
998 {
999         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1000         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1001         if (push) {
1002                 runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED;
1003                 if (substream->timer)
1004                         snd_timer_notify(substream->timer,
1005                                          SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MPAUSE,
1006                                          &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1007                 snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
1008                 wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
1009         } else {
1010                 runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING;
1011                 if (runtime->sleep_min)
1012                         snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
1013                 if (substream->timer)
1014                         snd_timer_notify(substream->timer,
1015                                          SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MCONTINUE,
1016                                          &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1017         }
1018 }
1019
1020 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_pause = {
1021         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_pause,
1022         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_pause,
1023         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_pause,
1024         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_pause
1025 };
1026
1027 /*
1028  * Push/release the pause for all linked streams.
1029  */
1030 static int snd_pcm_pause(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int push)
1031 {
1032         return snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_pause, substream, push);
1033 }
1034
1035 #ifdef CONFIG_PM
1036 /* suspend */
1037
1038 static int snd_pcm_pre_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1039 {
1040         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1041         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED)
1042                 return -EBUSY;
1043         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1044         return 0;
1045 }
1046
1047 static int snd_pcm_do_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1048 {
1049         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1050         if (runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1051                 return 0;
1052         if (! snd_pcm_running(substream))
1053                 return 0;
1054         substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND);
1055         return 0; /* suspend unconditionally */
1056 }
1057
1058 static void snd_pcm_post_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1059 {
1060         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1061         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1062         if (substream->timer)
1063                 snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MSUSPEND,
1064                                  &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1065         runtime->status->suspended_state = runtime->status->state;
1066         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED;
1067         snd_pcm_tick_set(substream, 0);
1068         wake_up(&runtime->sleep);
1069 }
1070
1071 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_suspend = {
1072         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_suspend,
1073         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_suspend,
1074         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_suspend
1075 };
1076
1077 /**
1078  * snd_pcm_suspend
1079  * @substream: the PCM substream
1080  *
1081  * Trigger SUSPEND to all linked streams.
1082  * After this call, all streams are changed to SUSPENDED state.
1083  */
1084 int snd_pcm_suspend(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1085 {
1086         int err;
1087         unsigned long flags;
1088
1089         if (! substream)
1090                 return 0;
1091
1092         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irqsave(substream, flags);
1093         err = snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_suspend, substream, 0);
1094         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irqrestore(substream, flags);
1095         return err;
1096 }
1097
1098 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_suspend);
1099
1100 /**
1101  * snd_pcm_suspend_all
1102  * @pcm: the PCM instance
1103  *
1104  * Trigger SUSPEND to all substreams in the given pcm.
1105  * After this call, all streams are changed to SUSPENDED state.
1106  */
1107 int snd_pcm_suspend_all(struct snd_pcm *pcm)
1108 {
1109         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
1110         int stream, err = 0;
1111
1112         if (! pcm)
1113                 return 0;
1114
1115         for (stream = 0; stream < 2; stream++) {
1116                 for (substream = pcm->streams[stream].substream;
1117                      substream; substream = substream->next) {
1118                         /* FIXME: the open/close code should lock this as well */
1119                         if (substream->runtime == NULL)
1120                                 continue;
1121                         err = snd_pcm_suspend(substream);
1122                         if (err < 0 && err != -EBUSY)
1123                                 return err;
1124                 }
1125         }
1126         return 0;
1127 }
1128
1129 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_suspend_all);
1130
1131 /* resume */
1132
1133 static int snd_pcm_pre_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1134 {
1135         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1136         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_RESUME))
1137                 return -ENOSYS;
1138         runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1139         return 0;
1140 }
1141
1142 static int snd_pcm_do_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1143 {
1144         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1145         if (runtime->trigger_master != substream)
1146                 return 0;
1147         /* DMA not running previously? */
1148         if (runtime->status->suspended_state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
1149             (runtime->status->suspended_state != SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING ||
1150              substream->stream != SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK))
1151                 return 0;
1152         return substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_RESUME);
1153 }
1154
1155 static void snd_pcm_undo_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1156 {
1157         if (substream->runtime->trigger_master == substream &&
1158             snd_pcm_running(substream))
1159                 substream->ops->trigger(substream, SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND);
1160 }
1161
1162 static void snd_pcm_post_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1163 {
1164         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1165         snd_pcm_trigger_tstamp(substream);
1166         if (substream->timer)
1167                 snd_timer_notify(substream->timer, SNDRV_TIMER_EVENT_MRESUME,
1168                                  &runtime->trigger_tstamp);
1169         runtime->status->state = runtime->status->suspended_state;
1170         if (runtime->sleep_min)
1171                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
1172 }
1173
1174 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_resume = {
1175         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_resume,
1176         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_resume,
1177         .undo_action = snd_pcm_undo_resume,
1178         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_resume
1179 };
1180
1181 static int snd_pcm_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1182 {
1183         struct snd_card *card = substream->pcm->card;
1184         int res;
1185
1186         snd_power_lock(card);
1187         if ((res = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0)) >= 0)
1188                 res = snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_action_resume, substream, 0);
1189         snd_power_unlock(card);
1190         return res;
1191 }
1192
1193 #else
1194
1195 static int snd_pcm_resume(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1196 {
1197         return -ENOSYS;
1198 }
1199
1200 #endif /* CONFIG_PM */
1201
1202 /*
1203  * xrun ioctl
1204  *
1205  * Change the RUNNING stream(s) to XRUN state.
1206  */
1207 static int snd_pcm_xrun(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1208 {
1209         struct snd_card *card = substream->pcm->card;
1210         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1211         int result;
1212
1213         snd_power_lock(card);
1214         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
1215                 result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
1216                 if (result < 0)
1217                         goto _unlock;
1218         }
1219
1220         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1221         switch (runtime->status->state) {
1222         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
1223                 result = 0;     /* already there */
1224                 break;
1225         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1226                 result = snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN);
1227                 break;
1228         default:
1229                 result = -EBADFD;
1230         }
1231         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1232  _unlock:
1233         snd_power_unlock(card);
1234         return result;
1235 }
1236
1237 /*
1238  * reset ioctl
1239  */
1240 static int snd_pcm_pre_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1241 {
1242         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1243         switch (runtime->status->state) {
1244         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1245         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
1246         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
1247         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
1248                 return 0;
1249         default:
1250                 return -EBADFD;
1251         }
1252 }
1253
1254 static int snd_pcm_do_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1255 {
1256         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1257         int err = substream->ops->ioctl(substream, SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL1_RESET, NULL);
1258         if (err < 0)
1259                 return err;
1260         // snd_assert(runtime->status->hw_ptr < runtime->buffer_size, );
1261         runtime->hw_ptr_base = 0;
1262         runtime->hw_ptr_interrupt = runtime->status->hw_ptr -
1263                 runtime->status->hw_ptr % runtime->period_size;
1264         runtime->silence_start = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1265         runtime->silence_filled = 0;
1266         return 0;
1267 }
1268
1269 static void snd_pcm_post_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1270 {
1271         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1272         runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1273         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK &&
1274             runtime->silence_size > 0)
1275                 snd_pcm_playback_silence(substream, ULONG_MAX);
1276 }
1277
1278 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_reset = {
1279         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_reset,
1280         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_reset,
1281         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_reset
1282 };
1283
1284 static int snd_pcm_reset(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1285 {
1286         return snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(&snd_pcm_action_reset, substream, 0);
1287 }
1288
1289 /*
1290  * prepare ioctl
1291  */
1292 /* we use the second argument for updating f_flags */
1293 static int snd_pcm_pre_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1294                                int f_flags)
1295 {
1296         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1297         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN ||
1298             runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DISCONNECTED)
1299                 return -EBADFD;
1300         if (snd_pcm_running(substream))
1301                 return -EBUSY;
1302         substream->f_flags = f_flags;
1303         return 0;
1304 }
1305
1306 static int snd_pcm_do_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1307 {
1308         int err;
1309         err = substream->ops->prepare(substream);
1310         if (err < 0)
1311                 return err;
1312         return snd_pcm_do_reset(substream, 0);
1313 }
1314
1315 static void snd_pcm_post_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1316 {
1317         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1318         runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr;
1319         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED;
1320 }
1321
1322 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_prepare = {
1323         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_prepare,
1324         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_prepare,
1325         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_prepare
1326 };
1327
1328 /**
1329  * snd_pcm_prepare
1330  * @substream: the PCM substream instance
1331  * @file: file to refer f_flags
1332  *
1333  * Prepare the PCM substream to be triggerable.
1334  */
1335 static int snd_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
1336                            struct file *file)
1337 {
1338         int res;
1339         struct snd_card *card = substream->pcm->card;
1340         int f_flags;
1341
1342         if (file)
1343                 f_flags = file->f_flags;
1344         else
1345                 f_flags = substream->f_flags;
1346
1347         snd_power_lock(card);
1348         if ((res = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0)) >= 0)
1349                 res = snd_pcm_action_nonatomic(&snd_pcm_action_prepare,
1350                                                substream, f_flags);
1351         snd_power_unlock(card);
1352         return res;
1353 }
1354
1355 /*
1356  * drain ioctl
1357  */
1358
1359 static int snd_pcm_pre_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1360 {
1361         if (substream->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)
1362                 return -EAGAIN;
1363         substream->runtime->trigger_master = substream;
1364         return 0;
1365 }
1366
1367 static int snd_pcm_do_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1368 {
1369         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1370         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1371                 switch (runtime->status->state) {
1372                 case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
1373                         /* start playback stream if possible */
1374                         if (! snd_pcm_playback_empty(substream)) {
1375                                 snd_pcm_do_start(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING);
1376                                 snd_pcm_post_start(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING);
1377                         }
1378                         break;
1379                 case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
1380                         runtime->status->state = SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING;
1381                         break;
1382                 default:
1383                         break;
1384                 }
1385         } else {
1386                 /* stop running stream */
1387                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING) {
1388                         int new_state = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime) > 0 ?
1389                                 SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING : SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP;
1390                         snd_pcm_do_stop(substream, new_state);
1391                         snd_pcm_post_stop(substream, new_state);
1392                 }
1393         }
1394         return 0;
1395 }
1396
1397 static void snd_pcm_post_drain_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int state)
1398 {
1399 }
1400
1401 static struct action_ops snd_pcm_action_drain_init = {
1402         .pre_action = snd_pcm_pre_drain_init,
1403         .do_action = snd_pcm_do_drain_init,
1404         .post_action = snd_pcm_post_drain_init
1405 };
1406
1407 struct drain_rec {
1408         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
1409         wait_queue_t wait;
1410         snd_pcm_uframes_t stop_threshold;
1411 };
1412
1413 static int snd_pcm_drop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream);
1414
1415 /*
1416  * Drain the stream(s).
1417  * When the substream is linked, sync until the draining of all playback streams
1418  * is finished.
1419  * After this call, all streams are supposed to be either SETUP or DRAINING
1420  * (capture only) state.
1421  */
1422 static int snd_pcm_drain(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1423 {
1424         struct snd_card *card;
1425         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
1426         struct snd_pcm_substream *s;
1427         int result = 0;
1428         int i, num_drecs;
1429         struct drain_rec *drec, drec_tmp, *d;
1430
1431         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
1432         card = substream->pcm->card;
1433         runtime = substream->runtime;
1434
1435         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
1436                 return -EBADFD;
1437
1438         snd_power_lock(card);
1439         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
1440                 result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
1441                 if (result < 0) {
1442                         snd_power_unlock(card);
1443                         return result;
1444                 }
1445         }
1446
1447         /* allocate temporary record for drain sync */
1448         down_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1449         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1450                 drec = kmalloc(substream->group->count * sizeof(*drec), GFP_KERNEL);
1451                 if (! drec) {
1452                         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1453                         snd_power_unlock(card);
1454                         return -ENOMEM;
1455                 }
1456         } else
1457                 drec = &drec_tmp;
1458
1459         /* count only playback streams */
1460         num_drecs = 0;
1461         snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
1462                 runtime = s->runtime;
1463                 if (s->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
1464                         d = &drec[num_drecs++];
1465                         d->substream = s;
1466                         init_waitqueue_entry(&d->wait, current);
1467                         add_wait_queue(&runtime->sleep, &d->wait);
1468                         /* stop_threshold fixup to avoid endless loop when
1469                          * stop_threshold > buffer_size
1470                          */
1471                         d->stop_threshold = runtime->stop_threshold;
1472                         if (runtime->stop_threshold > runtime->buffer_size)
1473                                 runtime->stop_threshold = runtime->buffer_size;
1474                 }
1475         }
1476         up_read(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1477
1478         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1479         /* resume pause */
1480         if (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
1481                 snd_pcm_pause(substream, 0);
1482
1483         /* pre-start/stop - all running streams are changed to DRAINING state */
1484         result = snd_pcm_action(&snd_pcm_action_drain_init, substream, 0);
1485         if (result < 0) {
1486                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1487                 goto _error;
1488         }
1489
1490         for (;;) {
1491                 long tout;
1492                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
1493                         result = -ERESTARTSYS;
1494                         break;
1495                 }
1496                 /* all finished? */
1497                 for (i = 0; i < num_drecs; i++) {
1498                         runtime = drec[i].substream->runtime;
1499                         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING)
1500                                 break;
1501                 }
1502                 if (i == num_drecs)
1503                         break; /* yes, all drained */
1504
1505                 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
1506                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1507                 snd_power_unlock(card);
1508                 tout = schedule_timeout(10 * HZ);
1509                 snd_power_lock(card);
1510                 snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1511                 if (tout == 0) {
1512                         if (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED)
1513                                 result = -ESTRPIPE;
1514                         else {
1515                                 snd_printd("playback drain error (DMA or IRQ trouble?)\n");
1516                                 snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1517                                 result = -EIO;
1518                         }
1519                         break;
1520                 }
1521         }
1522
1523         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1524
1525  _error:
1526         for (i = 0; i < num_drecs; i++) {
1527                 d = &drec[i];
1528                 runtime = d->substream->runtime;
1529                 remove_wait_queue(&runtime->sleep, &d->wait);
1530                 runtime->stop_threshold = d->stop_threshold;
1531         }
1532
1533         if (drec != &drec_tmp)
1534                 kfree(drec);
1535         snd_power_unlock(card);
1536
1537         return result;
1538 }
1539
1540 /*
1541  * drop ioctl
1542  *
1543  * Immediately put all linked substreams into SETUP state.
1544  */
1545 static int snd_pcm_drop(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1546 {
1547         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
1548         struct snd_card *card;
1549         int result = 0;
1550         
1551         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
1552         runtime = substream->runtime;
1553         card = substream->pcm->card;
1554
1555         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN ||
1556             runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DISCONNECTED)
1557                 return -EBADFD;
1558
1559         snd_power_lock(card);
1560         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED) {
1561                 result = snd_power_wait(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D0);
1562                 if (result < 0)
1563                         goto _unlock;
1564         }
1565
1566         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
1567         /* resume pause */
1568         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED)
1569                 snd_pcm_pause(substream, 0);
1570
1571         snd_pcm_stop(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SETUP);
1572         /* runtime->control->appl_ptr = runtime->status->hw_ptr; */
1573         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
1574  _unlock:
1575         snd_power_unlock(card);
1576         return result;
1577 }
1578
1579
1580 /* WARNING: Don't forget to fput back the file */
1581 static struct file *snd_pcm_file_fd(int fd)
1582 {
1583         struct file *file;
1584         struct inode *inode;
1585         unsigned int minor;
1586
1587         file = fget(fd);
1588         if (!file)
1589                 return NULL;
1590         inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
1591         if (!S_ISCHR(inode->i_mode) ||
1592             imajor(inode) != snd_major) {
1593                 fput(file);
1594                 return NULL;
1595         }
1596         minor = iminor(inode);
1597         if (!snd_lookup_minor_data(minor, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK) &&
1598             !snd_lookup_minor_data(minor, SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE)) {
1599                 fput(file);
1600                 return NULL;
1601         }
1602         return file;
1603 }
1604
1605 /*
1606  * PCM link handling
1607  */
1608 static int snd_pcm_link(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int fd)
1609 {
1610         int res = 0;
1611         struct file *file;
1612         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
1613         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream1;
1614
1615         file = snd_pcm_file_fd(fd);
1616         if (!file)
1617                 return -EBADFD;
1618         pcm_file = file->private_data;
1619         substream1 = pcm_file->substream;
1620         down_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1621         write_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1622         if (substream->runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN ||
1623             substream->runtime->status->state != substream1->runtime->status->state) {
1624                 res = -EBADFD;
1625                 goto _end;
1626         }
1627         if (snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream1)) {
1628                 res = -EALREADY;
1629                 goto _end;
1630         }
1631         if (!snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1632                 substream->group = kmalloc(sizeof(struct snd_pcm_group), GFP_ATOMIC);
1633                 if (substream->group == NULL) {
1634                         res = -ENOMEM;
1635                         goto _end;
1636                 }
1637                 spin_lock_init(&substream->group->lock);
1638                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&substream->group->substreams);
1639                 list_add_tail(&substream->link_list, &substream->group->substreams);
1640                 substream->group->count = 1;
1641         }
1642         list_add_tail(&substream1->link_list, &substream->group->substreams);
1643         substream->group->count++;
1644         substream1->group = substream->group;
1645  _end:
1646         write_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1647         up_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1648         fput(file);
1649         return res;
1650 }
1651
1652 static void relink_to_local(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1653 {
1654         substream->group = &substream->self_group;
1655         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&substream->self_group.substreams);
1656         list_add_tail(&substream->link_list, &substream->self_group.substreams);
1657 }
1658
1659 static int snd_pcm_unlink(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1660 {
1661         struct snd_pcm_substream *s;
1662         int res = 0;
1663
1664         down_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1665         write_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1666         if (!snd_pcm_stream_linked(substream)) {
1667                 res = -EALREADY;
1668                 goto _end;
1669         }
1670         list_del(&substream->link_list);
1671         substream->group->count--;
1672         if (substream->group->count == 1) {     /* detach the last stream, too */
1673                 snd_pcm_group_for_each_entry(s, substream) {
1674                         relink_to_local(s);
1675                         break;
1676                 }
1677                 kfree(substream->group);
1678         }
1679         relink_to_local(substream);
1680        _end:
1681         write_unlock_irq(&snd_pcm_link_rwlock);
1682         up_write(&snd_pcm_link_rwsem);
1683         return res;
1684 }
1685
1686 /*
1687  * hw configurator
1688  */
1689 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1690                                struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1691 {
1692         struct snd_interval t;
1693         snd_interval_mul(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1694                      hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
1695         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1696 }
1697
1698 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_div(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1699                                struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1700 {
1701         struct snd_interval t;
1702         snd_interval_div(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1703                      hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
1704         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1705 }
1706
1707 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1708                                    struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1709 {
1710         struct snd_interval t;
1711         snd_interval_muldivk(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1712                          hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]),
1713                          (unsigned long) rule->private, &t);
1714         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1715 }
1716
1717 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1718                                    struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1719 {
1720         struct snd_interval t;
1721         snd_interval_mulkdiv(hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[0]),
1722                          (unsigned long) rule->private,
1723                          hw_param_interval_c(params, rule->deps[1]), &t);
1724         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1725 }
1726
1727 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1728                                   struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1729 {
1730         unsigned int k;
1731         struct snd_interval *i = hw_param_interval(params, rule->deps[0]);
1732         struct snd_mask m;
1733         struct snd_mask *mask = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
1734         snd_mask_any(&m);
1735         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; ++k) {
1736                 int bits;
1737                 if (! snd_mask_test(mask, k))
1738                         continue;
1739                 bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(k);
1740                 if (bits <= 0)
1741                         continue; /* ignore invalid formats */
1742                 if ((unsigned)bits < i->min || (unsigned)bits > i->max)
1743                         snd_mask_reset(&m, k);
1744         }
1745         return snd_mask_refine(mask, &m);
1746 }
1747
1748 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_sample_bits(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1749                                        struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1750 {
1751         struct snd_interval t;
1752         unsigned int k;
1753         t.min = UINT_MAX;
1754         t.max = 0;
1755         t.openmin = 0;
1756         t.openmax = 0;
1757         for (k = 0; k <= SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_LAST; ++k) {
1758                 int bits;
1759                 if (! snd_mask_test(hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT), k))
1760                         continue;
1761                 bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(k);
1762                 if (bits <= 0)
1763                         continue; /* ignore invalid formats */
1764                 if (t.min > (unsigned)bits)
1765                         t.min = bits;
1766                 if (t.max < (unsigned)bits)
1767                         t.max = bits;
1768         }
1769         t.integer = 1;
1770         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1771 }
1772
1773 #if SNDRV_PCM_RATE_5512 != 1 << 0 || SNDRV_PCM_RATE_192000 != 1 << 12
1774 #error "Change this table"
1775 #endif
1776
1777 static unsigned int rates[] = { 5512, 8000, 11025, 16000, 22050, 32000, 44100,
1778                                  48000, 64000, 88200, 96000, 176400, 192000 };
1779
1780 const struct snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list snd_pcm_known_rates = {
1781         .count = ARRAY_SIZE(rates),
1782         .list = rates,
1783 };
1784
1785 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1786                                 struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1787 {
1788         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = rule->private;
1789         return snd_interval_list(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var),
1790                                  snd_pcm_known_rates.count,
1791                                  snd_pcm_known_rates.list, hw->rates);
1792 }               
1793
1794 static int snd_pcm_hw_rule_buffer_bytes_max(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
1795                                             struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
1796 {
1797         struct snd_interval t;
1798         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = rule->private;
1799         t.min = 0;
1800         t.max = substream->buffer_bytes_max;
1801         t.openmin = 0;
1802         t.openmax = 0;
1803         t.integer = 1;
1804         return snd_interval_refine(hw_param_interval(params, rule->var), &t);
1805 }               
1806
1807 int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1808 {
1809         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1810         struct snd_pcm_hw_constraints *constrs = &runtime->hw_constraints;
1811         int k, err;
1812
1813         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_MASK; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_MASK; k++) {
1814                 snd_mask_any(constrs_mask(constrs, k));
1815         }
1816
1817         for (k = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FIRST_INTERVAL; k <= SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_LAST_INTERVAL; k++) {
1818                 snd_interval_any(constrs_interval(constrs, k));
1819         }
1820
1821         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS));
1822         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE));
1823         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES));
1824         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS));
1825         snd_interval_setinteger(constrs_interval(constrs, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS));
1826
1827         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
1828                                    snd_pcm_hw_rule_format, NULL,
1829                                    SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
1830         if (err < 0)
1831                 return err;
1832         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, 
1833                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_sample_bits, NULL,
1834                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, 
1835                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
1836         if (err < 0)
1837                 return err;
1838         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, 
1839                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1840                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
1841         if (err < 0)
1842                 return err;
1843         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
1844                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul, NULL,
1845                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, -1);
1846         if (err < 0)
1847                 return err;
1848         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
1849                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1850                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, -1);
1851         if (err < 0)
1852                 return err;
1853         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, 
1854                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1855                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, -1);
1856         if (err < 0)
1857                 return err;
1858         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS, 
1859                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1860                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SAMPLE_BITS, -1);
1861         if (err < 0)
1862                 return err;
1863         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
1864                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1865                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, -1);
1866         if (err < 0)
1867                 return err;
1868         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
1869                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1870                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, -1);
1871         if (err < 0)
1872                 return err;
1873         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, 
1874                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1875                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, -1);
1876         if (err < 0)
1877                 return err;
1878         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
1879                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_div, NULL,
1880                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, -1);
1881         if (err < 0)
1882                 return err;
1883         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
1884                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1885                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1886         if (err < 0)
1887                 return err;
1888         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, 
1889                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 1000000,
1890                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1891         if (err < 0)
1892                 return err;
1893         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
1894                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mul, NULL,
1895                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS, -1);
1896         if (err < 0)
1897                 return err;
1898         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
1899                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 8,
1900                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1901         if (err < 0)
1902                 return err;
1903         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, 
1904                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 1000000,
1905                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1906         if (err < 0)
1907                 return err;
1908         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES, 
1909                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 8,
1910                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1911         if (err < 0)
1912                 return err;
1913         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 
1914                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_muldivk, (void*) 8,
1915                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FRAME_BITS, -1);
1916         if (err < 0)
1917                 return err;
1918         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME, 
1919                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1920                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1921         if (err < 0)
1922                 return err;
1923         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_TIME, 
1924                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_mulkdiv, (void*) 1000000,
1925                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1926         if (err < 0)
1927                 return err;
1928         return 0;
1929 }
1930
1931 int snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
1932 {
1933         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
1934         struct snd_pcm_hardware *hw = &runtime->hw;
1935         int err;
1936         unsigned int mask = 0;
1937
1938         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED)
1939                 mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_INTERLEAVED;
1940         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NONINTERLEAVED)
1941                 mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_NONINTERLEAVED;
1942         if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP) {
1943                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED)
1944                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_INTERLEAVED;
1945                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_NONINTERLEAVED)
1946                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_NONINTERLEAVED;
1947                 if (hw->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_COMPLEX)
1948                         mask |= 1 << SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_MMAP_COMPLEX;
1949         }
1950         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_ACCESS, mask);
1951         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1952
1953         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask64(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT, hw->formats);
1954         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1955
1956         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_mask(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_SUBFORMAT, 1 << SNDRV_PCM_SUBFORMAT_STD);
1957         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1958
1959         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
1960                                            hw->channels_min, hw->channels_max);
1961         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1962
1963         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
1964                                            hw->rate_min, hw->rate_max);
1965         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1966
1967         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_BYTES,
1968                                            hw->period_bytes_min, hw->period_bytes_max);
1969         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1970
1971         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIODS,
1972                                            hw->periods_min, hw->periods_max);
1973         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1974
1975         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES,
1976                                            hw->period_bytes_min, hw->buffer_bytes_max);
1977         snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1978
1979         err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 
1980                                   snd_pcm_hw_rule_buffer_bytes_max, substream,
1981                                   SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, -1);
1982         if (err < 0)
1983                 return err;
1984
1985         /* FIXME: remove */
1986         if (runtime->dma_bytes) {
1987                 err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_BUFFER_BYTES, 0, runtime->dma_bytes);
1988                 snd_assert(err >= 0, return -EINVAL);
1989         }
1990
1991         if (!(hw->rates & (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_KNOT | SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS))) {
1992                 err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, 
1993                                           snd_pcm_hw_rule_rate, hw,
1994                                           SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE, -1);
1995                 if (err < 0)
1996                         return err;
1997         }
1998
1999         /* FIXME: this belong to lowlevel */
2000         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_TICK_TIME,
2001                                      1000000 / HZ, 1000000 / HZ);
2002         snd_pcm_hw_constraint_integer(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_SIZE);
2003
2004         return 0;
2005 }
2006
2007 static void pcm_release_private(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2008 {
2009         snd_pcm_unlink(substream);
2010 }
2011
2012 void snd_pcm_release_substream(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2013 {
2014         substream->ref_count--;
2015         if (substream->ref_count > 0)
2016                 return;
2017
2018         snd_pcm_drop(substream);
2019         if (substream->hw_opened) {
2020                 if (substream->ops->hw_free != NULL)
2021                         substream->ops->hw_free(substream);
2022                 substream->ops->close(substream);
2023                 substream->hw_opened = 0;
2024         }
2025         if (substream->pcm_release) {
2026                 substream->pcm_release(substream);
2027                 substream->pcm_release = NULL;
2028         }
2029         snd_pcm_detach_substream(substream);
2030 }
2031
2032 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_release_substream);
2033
2034 int snd_pcm_open_substream(struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream,
2035                            struct file *file,
2036                            struct snd_pcm_substream **rsubstream)
2037 {
2038         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2039         int err;
2040
2041         err = snd_pcm_attach_substream(pcm, stream, file, &substream);
2042         if (err < 0)
2043                 return err;
2044         if (substream->ref_count > 1) {
2045                 *rsubstream = substream;
2046                 return 0;
2047         }
2048
2049         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init(substream);
2050         if (err < 0) {
2051                 snd_printd("snd_pcm_hw_constraints_init failed\n");
2052                 goto error;
2053         }
2054
2055         if ((err = substream->ops->open(substream)) < 0)
2056                 goto error;
2057
2058         substream->hw_opened = 1;
2059
2060         err = snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete(substream);
2061         if (err < 0) {
2062                 snd_printd("snd_pcm_hw_constraints_complete failed\n");
2063                 goto error;
2064         }
2065
2066         *rsubstream = substream;
2067         return 0;
2068
2069  error:
2070         snd_pcm_release_substream(substream);
2071         return err;
2072 }
2073
2074 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_open_substream);
2075
2076 static int snd_pcm_open_file(struct file *file,
2077                              struct snd_pcm *pcm,
2078                              int stream,
2079                              struct snd_pcm_file **rpcm_file)
2080 {
2081         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2082         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2083         struct snd_pcm_str *str;
2084         int err;
2085
2086         snd_assert(rpcm_file != NULL, return -EINVAL);
2087         *rpcm_file = NULL;
2088
2089         err = snd_pcm_open_substream(pcm, stream, file, &substream);
2090         if (err < 0)
2091                 return err;
2092
2093         pcm_file = kzalloc(sizeof(*pcm_file), GFP_KERNEL);
2094         if (pcm_file == NULL) {
2095                 snd_pcm_release_substream(substream);
2096                 return -ENOMEM;
2097         }
2098         pcm_file->substream = substream;
2099         if (substream->ref_count == 1) {
2100                 str = substream->pstr;
2101                 substream->file = pcm_file;
2102                 substream->pcm_release = pcm_release_private;
2103         }
2104         file->private_data = pcm_file;
2105         *rpcm_file = pcm_file;
2106         return 0;
2107 }
2108
2109 static int snd_pcm_playback_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2110 {
2111         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2112
2113         pcm = snd_lookup_minor_data(iminor(inode),
2114                                     SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_PLAYBACK);
2115         return snd_pcm_open(file, pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
2116 }
2117
2118 static int snd_pcm_capture_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2119 {
2120         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2121
2122         pcm = snd_lookup_minor_data(iminor(inode),
2123                                     SNDRV_DEVICE_TYPE_PCM_CAPTURE);
2124         return snd_pcm_open(file, pcm, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
2125 }
2126
2127 static int snd_pcm_open(struct file *file, struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream)
2128 {
2129         int err;
2130         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2131         wait_queue_t wait;
2132
2133         if (pcm == NULL) {
2134                 err = -ENODEV;
2135                 goto __error1;
2136         }
2137         err = snd_card_file_add(pcm->card, file);
2138         if (err < 0)
2139                 goto __error1;
2140         if (!try_module_get(pcm->card->module)) {
2141                 err = -EFAULT;
2142                 goto __error2;
2143         }
2144         init_waitqueue_entry(&wait, current);
2145         add_wait_queue(&pcm->open_wait, &wait);
2146         mutex_lock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2147         while (1) {
2148                 err = snd_pcm_open_file(file, pcm, stream, &pcm_file);
2149                 if (err >= 0)
2150                         break;
2151                 if (err == -EAGAIN) {
2152                         if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
2153                                 err = -EBUSY;
2154                                 break;
2155                         }
2156                 } else
2157                         break;
2158                 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
2159                 mutex_unlock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2160                 schedule();
2161                 mutex_lock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2162                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
2163                         err = -ERESTARTSYS;
2164                         break;
2165                 }
2166         }
2167         remove_wait_queue(&pcm->open_wait, &wait);
2168         mutex_unlock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2169         if (err < 0)
2170                 goto __error;
2171         return err;
2172
2173       __error:
2174         module_put(pcm->card->module);
2175       __error2:
2176         snd_card_file_remove(pcm->card, file);
2177       __error1:
2178         return err;
2179 }
2180
2181 static int snd_pcm_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
2182 {
2183         struct snd_pcm *pcm;
2184         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2185         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2186
2187         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2188         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2189         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2190         pcm = substream->pcm;
2191         fasync_helper(-1, file, 0, &substream->runtime->fasync);
2192         mutex_lock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2193         snd_pcm_release_substream(substream);
2194         kfree(pcm_file);
2195         mutex_unlock(&pcm->open_mutex);
2196         wake_up(&pcm->open_wait);
2197         module_put(pcm->card->module);
2198         snd_card_file_remove(pcm->card, file);
2199         return 0;
2200 }
2201
2202 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_playback_rewind(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2203                                                  snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2204 {
2205         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2206         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2207         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2208         snd_pcm_sframes_t hw_avail;
2209
2210         if (frames == 0)
2211                 return 0;
2212
2213         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2214         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2215         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2216                 break;
2217         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2218         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2219                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2220                         break;
2221                 /* Fall through */
2222         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2223                 ret = -EPIPE;
2224                 goto __end;
2225         default:
2226                 ret = -EBADFD;
2227                 goto __end;
2228         }
2229
2230         hw_avail = snd_pcm_playback_hw_avail(runtime);
2231         if (hw_avail <= 0) {
2232                 ret = 0;
2233                 goto __end;
2234         }
2235         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)hw_avail)
2236                 frames = hw_avail;
2237         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr - frames;
2238         if (appl_ptr < 0)
2239                 appl_ptr += runtime->boundary;
2240         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2241         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2242             runtime->sleep_min)
2243                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2244         ret = frames;
2245  __end:
2246         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2247         return ret;
2248 }
2249
2250 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_capture_rewind(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2251                                                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2252 {
2253         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2254         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2255         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2256         snd_pcm_sframes_t hw_avail;
2257
2258         if (frames == 0)
2259                 return 0;
2260
2261         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2262         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2263         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2264         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2265                 break;
2266         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2267                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2268                         break;
2269                 /* Fall through */
2270         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2271                 ret = -EPIPE;
2272                 goto __end;
2273         default:
2274                 ret = -EBADFD;
2275                 goto __end;
2276         }
2277
2278         hw_avail = snd_pcm_capture_hw_avail(runtime);
2279         if (hw_avail <= 0) {
2280                 ret = 0;
2281                 goto __end;
2282         }
2283         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)hw_avail)
2284                 frames = hw_avail;
2285         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr - frames;
2286         if (appl_ptr < 0)
2287                 appl_ptr += runtime->boundary;
2288         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2289         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2290             runtime->sleep_min)
2291                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2292         ret = frames;
2293  __end:
2294         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2295         return ret;
2296 }
2297
2298 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_playback_forward(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2299                                                   snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2300 {
2301         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2302         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2303         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2304         snd_pcm_sframes_t avail;
2305
2306         if (frames == 0)
2307                 return 0;
2308
2309         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2310         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2311         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2312         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2313                 break;
2314         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2315         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2316                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2317                         break;
2318                 /* Fall through */
2319         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2320                 ret = -EPIPE;
2321                 goto __end;
2322         default:
2323                 ret = -EBADFD;
2324                 goto __end;
2325         }
2326
2327         avail = snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
2328         if (avail <= 0) {
2329                 ret = 0;
2330                 goto __end;
2331         }
2332         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)avail)
2333                 frames = avail;
2334         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr + frames;
2335         if (appl_ptr >= (snd_pcm_sframes_t)runtime->boundary)
2336                 appl_ptr -= runtime->boundary;
2337         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2338         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2339             runtime->sleep_min)
2340                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2341         ret = frames;
2342  __end:
2343         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2344         return ret;
2345 }
2346
2347 static snd_pcm_sframes_t snd_pcm_capture_forward(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2348                                                  snd_pcm_uframes_t frames)
2349 {
2350         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2351         snd_pcm_sframes_t appl_ptr;
2352         snd_pcm_sframes_t ret;
2353         snd_pcm_sframes_t avail;
2354
2355         if (frames == 0)
2356                 return 0;
2357
2358         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2359         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2360         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2361         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2362         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2363                 break;
2364         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2365                 if (snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream) >= 0)
2366                         break;
2367                 /* Fall through */
2368         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2369                 ret = -EPIPE;
2370                 goto __end;
2371         default:
2372                 ret = -EBADFD;
2373                 goto __end;
2374         }
2375
2376         avail = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
2377         if (avail <= 0) {
2378                 ret = 0;
2379                 goto __end;
2380         }
2381         if (frames > (snd_pcm_uframes_t)avail)
2382                 frames = avail;
2383         appl_ptr = runtime->control->appl_ptr + frames;
2384         if (appl_ptr >= (snd_pcm_sframes_t)runtime->boundary)
2385                 appl_ptr -= runtime->boundary;
2386         runtime->control->appl_ptr = appl_ptr;
2387         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING &&
2388             runtime->sleep_min)
2389                 snd_pcm_tick_prepare(substream);
2390         ret = frames;
2391  __end:
2392         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2393         return ret;
2394 }
2395
2396 static int snd_pcm_hwsync(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
2397 {
2398         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2399         int err;
2400
2401         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2402         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2403         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2404                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
2405                         goto __badfd;
2406         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2407                 if ((err = snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream)) < 0)
2408                         break;
2409                 /* Fall through */
2410         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2411         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
2412                 err = 0;
2413                 break;
2414         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2415                 err = -EPIPE;
2416                 break;
2417         default:
2418               __badfd:
2419                 err = -EBADFD;
2420                 break;
2421         }
2422         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2423         return err;
2424 }
2425                 
2426 static int snd_pcm_delay(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2427                          snd_pcm_sframes_t __user *res)
2428 {
2429         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2430         int err;
2431         snd_pcm_sframes_t n = 0;
2432
2433         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2434         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2435         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2436                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
2437                         goto __badfd;
2438         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2439                 if ((err = snd_pcm_update_hw_ptr(substream)) < 0)
2440                         break;
2441                 /* Fall through */
2442         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2443         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_SUSPENDED:
2444                 err = 0;
2445                 if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
2446                         n = snd_pcm_playback_hw_avail(runtime);
2447                 else
2448                         n = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
2449                 break;
2450         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_XRUN:
2451                 err = -EPIPE;
2452                 break;
2453         default:
2454               __badfd:
2455                 err = -EBADFD;
2456                 break;
2457         }
2458         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2459         if (!err)
2460                 if (put_user(n, res))
2461                         err = -EFAULT;
2462         return err;
2463 }
2464                 
2465 static int snd_pcm_sync_ptr(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2466                             struct snd_pcm_sync_ptr __user *_sync_ptr)
2467 {
2468         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2469         struct snd_pcm_sync_ptr sync_ptr;
2470         volatile struct snd_pcm_mmap_status *status;
2471         volatile struct snd_pcm_mmap_control *control;
2472         int err;
2473
2474         memset(&sync_ptr, 0, sizeof(sync_ptr));
2475         if (get_user(sync_ptr.flags, (unsigned __user *)&(_sync_ptr->flags)))
2476                 return -EFAULT;
2477         if (copy_from_user(&sync_ptr.c.control, &(_sync_ptr->c.control), sizeof(struct snd_pcm_mmap_control)))
2478                 return -EFAULT; 
2479         status = runtime->status;
2480         control = runtime->control;
2481         if (sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_HWSYNC) {
2482                 err = snd_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2483                 if (err < 0)
2484                         return err;
2485         }
2486         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2487         if (!(sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_APPL))
2488                 control->appl_ptr = sync_ptr.c.control.appl_ptr;
2489         else
2490                 sync_ptr.c.control.appl_ptr = control->appl_ptr;
2491         if (!(sync_ptr.flags & SNDRV_PCM_SYNC_PTR_AVAIL_MIN))
2492                 control->avail_min = sync_ptr.c.control.avail_min;
2493         else
2494                 sync_ptr.c.control.avail_min = control->avail_min;
2495         sync_ptr.s.status.state = status->state;
2496         sync_ptr.s.status.hw_ptr = status->hw_ptr;
2497         sync_ptr.s.status.tstamp = status->tstamp;
2498         sync_ptr.s.status.suspended_state = status->suspended_state;
2499         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2500         if (copy_to_user(_sync_ptr, &sync_ptr, sizeof(sync_ptr)))
2501                 return -EFAULT;
2502         return 0;
2503 }
2504
2505 static int snd_pcm_tstamp(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int __user *_arg)
2506 {
2507         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2508         int arg;
2509         
2510         if (get_user(arg, _arg))
2511                 return -EFAULT;
2512         if (arg < 0 || arg > SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_TYPE_LAST)
2513                 return -EINVAL;
2514         runtime->tstamp_type = SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_TYPE_GETTIMEOFDAY;
2515         if (arg == SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_TYPE_MONOTONIC)
2516                 runtime->tstamp_type = SNDRV_PCM_TSTAMP_TYPE_MONOTONIC;
2517         return 0;
2518 }
2519                 
2520 static int snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(struct file *file,
2521                                  struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2522                                  unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2523 {
2524         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2525
2526         switch (cmd) {
2527         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PVERSION:
2528                 return put_user(SNDRV_PCM_VERSION, (int __user *)arg) ? -EFAULT : 0;
2529         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_INFO:
2530                 return snd_pcm_info_user(substream, arg);
2531         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_TSTAMP:    /* just for compatibility */
2532                 return 0;
2533         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_TTSTAMP:
2534                 return snd_pcm_tstamp(substream, arg);
2535         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE:
2536                 return snd_pcm_hw_refine_user(substream, arg);
2537         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS:
2538                 return snd_pcm_hw_params_user(substream, arg);
2539         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_FREE:
2540                 return snd_pcm_hw_free(substream);
2541         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_SW_PARAMS:
2542                 return snd_pcm_sw_params_user(substream, arg);
2543         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_STATUS:
2544                 return snd_pcm_status_user(substream, arg);
2545         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_CHANNEL_INFO:
2546                 return snd_pcm_channel_info_user(substream, arg);
2547         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PREPARE:
2548                 return snd_pcm_prepare(substream, file);
2549         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_RESET:
2550                 return snd_pcm_reset(substream);
2551         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_START:
2552                 return snd_pcm_action_lock_irq(&snd_pcm_action_start, substream, SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING);
2553         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_LINK:
2554                 return snd_pcm_link(substream, (int)(unsigned long) arg);
2555         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_UNLINK:
2556                 return snd_pcm_unlink(substream);
2557         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_RESUME:
2558                 return snd_pcm_resume(substream);
2559         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_XRUN:
2560                 return snd_pcm_xrun(substream);
2561         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HWSYNC:
2562                 return snd_pcm_hwsync(substream);
2563         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DELAY:
2564                 return snd_pcm_delay(substream, arg);
2565         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_SYNC_PTR:
2566                 return snd_pcm_sync_ptr(substream, arg);
2567 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_SUPPORT_OLD_API
2568         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_REFINE_OLD:
2569                 return snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(substream, arg);
2570         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_HW_PARAMS_OLD:
2571                 return snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(substream, arg);
2572 #endif
2573         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DRAIN:
2574                 return snd_pcm_drain(substream);
2575         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_DROP:
2576                 return snd_pcm_drop(substream);
2577         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_PAUSE:
2578         {
2579                 int res;
2580                 snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2581                 res = snd_pcm_pause(substream, (int)(unsigned long)arg);
2582                 snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2583                 return res;
2584         }
2585         }
2586         snd_printd("unknown ioctl = 0x%x\n", cmd);
2587         return -ENOTTY;
2588 }
2589
2590 static int snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(struct file *file,
2591                                    struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2592                                    unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2593 {
2594         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2595         snd_assert(substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK, return -EINVAL);
2596         switch (cmd) {
2597         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_WRITEI_FRAMES:
2598         {
2599                 struct snd_xferi xferi;
2600                 struct snd_xferi __user *_xferi = arg;
2601                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2602                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2603                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2604                         return -EBADFD;
2605                 if (put_user(0, &_xferi->result))
2606                         return -EFAULT;
2607                 if (copy_from_user(&xferi, _xferi, sizeof(xferi)))
2608                         return -EFAULT;
2609                 result = snd_pcm_lib_write(substream, xferi.buf, xferi.frames);
2610                 __put_user(result, &_xferi->result);
2611                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2612         }
2613         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_WRITEN_FRAMES:
2614         {
2615                 struct snd_xfern xfern;
2616                 struct snd_xfern __user *_xfern = arg;
2617                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2618                 void __user **bufs;
2619                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2620                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2621                         return -EBADFD;
2622                 if (runtime->channels > 128)
2623                         return -EINVAL;
2624                 if (put_user(0, &_xfern->result))
2625                         return -EFAULT;
2626                 if (copy_from_user(&xfern, _xfern, sizeof(xfern)))
2627                         return -EFAULT;
2628                 bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels, GFP_KERNEL);
2629                 if (bufs == NULL)
2630                         return -ENOMEM;
2631                 if (copy_from_user(bufs, xfern.bufs, sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels)) {
2632                         kfree(bufs);
2633                         return -EFAULT;
2634                 }
2635                 result = snd_pcm_lib_writev(substream, bufs, xfern.frames);
2636                 kfree(bufs);
2637                 __put_user(result, &_xfern->result);
2638                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2639         }
2640         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_REWIND:
2641         {
2642                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2643                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2644                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2645                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2646                         return -EFAULT;
2647                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2648                         return -EFAULT;
2649                 result = snd_pcm_playback_rewind(substream, frames);
2650                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2651                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2652         }
2653         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_FORWARD:
2654         {
2655                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2656                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2657                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2658                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2659                         return -EFAULT;
2660                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2661                         return -EFAULT;
2662                 result = snd_pcm_playback_forward(substream, frames);
2663                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2664                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2665         }
2666         }
2667         return snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(file, substream, cmd, arg);
2668 }
2669
2670 static int snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(struct file *file,
2671                                   struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2672                                   unsigned int cmd, void __user *arg)
2673 {
2674         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2675         snd_assert(substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE, return -EINVAL);
2676         switch (cmd) {
2677         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_READI_FRAMES:
2678         {
2679                 struct snd_xferi xferi;
2680                 struct snd_xferi __user *_xferi = arg;
2681                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2682                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2683                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2684                         return -EBADFD;
2685                 if (put_user(0, &_xferi->result))
2686                         return -EFAULT;
2687                 if (copy_from_user(&xferi, _xferi, sizeof(xferi)))
2688                         return -EFAULT;
2689                 result = snd_pcm_lib_read(substream, xferi.buf, xferi.frames);
2690                 __put_user(result, &_xferi->result);
2691                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2692         }
2693         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_READN_FRAMES:
2694         {
2695                 struct snd_xfern xfern;
2696                 struct snd_xfern __user *_xfern = arg;
2697                 struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
2698                 void *bufs;
2699                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2700                 if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2701                         return -EBADFD;
2702                 if (runtime->channels > 128)
2703                         return -EINVAL;
2704                 if (put_user(0, &_xfern->result))
2705                         return -EFAULT;
2706                 if (copy_from_user(&xfern, _xfern, sizeof(xfern)))
2707                         return -EFAULT;
2708                 bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels, GFP_KERNEL);
2709                 if (bufs == NULL)
2710                         return -ENOMEM;
2711                 if (copy_from_user(bufs, xfern.bufs, sizeof(void *) * runtime->channels)) {
2712                         kfree(bufs);
2713                         return -EFAULT;
2714                 }
2715                 result = snd_pcm_lib_readv(substream, bufs, xfern.frames);
2716                 kfree(bufs);
2717                 __put_user(result, &_xfern->result);
2718                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2719         }
2720         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_REWIND:
2721         {
2722                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2723                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2724                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2725                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2726                         return -EFAULT;
2727                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2728                         return -EFAULT;
2729                 result = snd_pcm_capture_rewind(substream, frames);
2730                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2731                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2732         }
2733         case SNDRV_PCM_IOCTL_FORWARD:
2734         {
2735                 snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2736                 snd_pcm_uframes_t __user *_frames = arg;
2737                 snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2738                 if (get_user(frames, _frames))
2739                         return -EFAULT;
2740                 if (put_user(0, _frames))
2741                         return -EFAULT;
2742                 result = snd_pcm_capture_forward(substream, frames);
2743                 __put_user(result, _frames);
2744                 return result < 0 ? result : 0;
2745         }
2746         }
2747         return snd_pcm_common_ioctl1(file, substream, cmd, arg);
2748 }
2749
2750 static long snd_pcm_playback_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
2751                                    unsigned long arg)
2752 {
2753         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2754
2755         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2756
2757         if (((cmd >> 8) & 0xff) != 'A')
2758                 return -ENOTTY;
2759
2760         return snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(file, pcm_file->substream, cmd,
2761                                        (void __user *)arg);
2762 }
2763
2764 static long snd_pcm_capture_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
2765                                   unsigned long arg)
2766 {
2767         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2768
2769         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2770
2771         if (((cmd >> 8) & 0xff) != 'A')
2772                 return -ENOTTY;
2773
2774         return snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(file, pcm_file->substream, cmd,
2775                                       (void __user *)arg);
2776 }
2777
2778 int snd_pcm_kernel_ioctl(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
2779                          unsigned int cmd, void *arg)
2780 {
2781         mm_segment_t fs;
2782         int result;
2783         
2784         fs = snd_enter_user();
2785         switch (substream->stream) {
2786         case SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK:
2787                 result = snd_pcm_playback_ioctl1(NULL, substream, cmd,
2788                                                  (void __user *)arg);
2789                 break;
2790         case SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE:
2791                 result = snd_pcm_capture_ioctl1(NULL, substream, cmd,
2792                                                 (void __user *)arg);
2793                 break;
2794         default:
2795                 result = -EINVAL;
2796                 break;
2797         }
2798         snd_leave_user(fs);
2799         return result;
2800 }
2801
2802 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_kernel_ioctl);
2803
2804 static ssize_t snd_pcm_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
2805                             loff_t * offset)
2806 {
2807         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2808         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2809         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2810         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2811
2812         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2813         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2814         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2815         runtime = substream->runtime;
2816         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2817                 return -EBADFD;
2818         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, count))
2819                 return -EINVAL;
2820         count = bytes_to_frames(runtime, count);
2821         result = snd_pcm_lib_read(substream, buf, count);
2822         if (result > 0)
2823                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2824         return result;
2825 }
2826
2827 static ssize_t snd_pcm_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
2828                              size_t count, loff_t * offset)
2829 {
2830         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2831         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2832         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2833         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2834
2835         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2836         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2837         snd_assert(substream != NULL, result = -ENXIO; goto end);
2838         runtime = substream->runtime;
2839         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
2840                 result = -EBADFD;
2841                 goto end;
2842         }
2843         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, count)) {
2844                 result = -EINVAL;
2845                 goto end;
2846         }
2847         count = bytes_to_frames(runtime, count);
2848         result = snd_pcm_lib_write(substream, buf, count);
2849         if (result > 0)
2850                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2851  end:
2852         return result;
2853 }
2854
2855 static ssize_t snd_pcm_aio_read(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
2856                              unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
2857
2858 {
2859         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2860         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2861         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2862         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2863         unsigned long i;
2864         void __user **bufs;
2865         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2866
2867         pcm_file = iocb->ki_filp->private_data;
2868         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2869         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2870         runtime = substream->runtime;
2871         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
2872                 return -EBADFD;
2873         if (nr_segs > 1024 || nr_segs != runtime->channels)
2874                 return -EINVAL;
2875         if (!frame_aligned(runtime, iov->iov_len))
2876                 return -EINVAL;
2877         frames = bytes_to_samples(runtime, iov->iov_len);
2878         bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * nr_segs, GFP_KERNEL);
2879         if (bufs == NULL)
2880                 return -ENOMEM;
2881         for (i = 0; i < nr_segs; ++i)
2882                 bufs[i] = iov[i].iov_base;
2883         result = snd_pcm_lib_readv(substream, bufs, frames);
2884         if (result > 0)
2885                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2886         kfree(bufs);
2887         return result;
2888 }
2889
2890 static ssize_t snd_pcm_aio_write(struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
2891                               unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t pos)
2892 {
2893         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2894         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2895         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2896         snd_pcm_sframes_t result;
2897         unsigned long i;
2898         void __user **bufs;
2899         snd_pcm_uframes_t frames;
2900
2901         pcm_file = iocb->ki_filp->private_data;
2902         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2903         snd_assert(substream != NULL, result = -ENXIO; goto end);
2904         runtime = substream->runtime;
2905         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN) {
2906                 result = -EBADFD;
2907                 goto end;
2908         }
2909         if (nr_segs > 128 || nr_segs != runtime->channels ||
2910             !frame_aligned(runtime, iov->iov_len)) {
2911                 result = -EINVAL;
2912                 goto end;
2913         }
2914         frames = bytes_to_samples(runtime, iov->iov_len);
2915         bufs = kmalloc(sizeof(void *) * nr_segs, GFP_KERNEL);
2916         if (bufs == NULL)
2917                 return -ENOMEM;
2918         for (i = 0; i < nr_segs; ++i)
2919                 bufs[i] = iov[i].iov_base;
2920         result = snd_pcm_lib_writev(substream, bufs, frames);
2921         if (result > 0)
2922                 result = frames_to_bytes(runtime, result);
2923         kfree(bufs);
2924  end:
2925         return result;
2926 }
2927
2928 static unsigned int snd_pcm_playback_poll(struct file *file, poll_table * wait)
2929 {
2930         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2931         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2932         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2933         unsigned int mask;
2934         snd_pcm_uframes_t avail;
2935
2936         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2937
2938         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2939         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2940         runtime = substream->runtime;
2941
2942         poll_wait(file, &runtime->sleep, wait);
2943
2944         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2945         avail = snd_pcm_playback_avail(runtime);
2946         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2947         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2948         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2949         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2950                 if (avail >= runtime->control->avail_min) {
2951                         mask = POLLOUT | POLLWRNORM;
2952                         break;
2953                 }
2954                 /* Fall through */
2955         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2956                 mask = 0;
2957                 break;
2958         default:
2959                 mask = POLLOUT | POLLWRNORM | POLLERR;
2960                 break;
2961         }
2962         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
2963         return mask;
2964 }
2965
2966 static unsigned int snd_pcm_capture_poll(struct file *file, poll_table * wait)
2967 {
2968         struct snd_pcm_file *pcm_file;
2969         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
2970         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
2971         unsigned int mask;
2972         snd_pcm_uframes_t avail;
2973
2974         pcm_file = file->private_data;
2975
2976         substream = pcm_file->substream;
2977         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
2978         runtime = substream->runtime;
2979
2980         poll_wait(file, &runtime->sleep, wait);
2981
2982         snd_pcm_stream_lock_irq(substream);
2983         avail = snd_pcm_capture_avail(runtime);
2984         switch (runtime->status->state) {
2985         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_RUNNING:
2986         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PREPARED:
2987         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_PAUSED:
2988                 if (avail >= runtime->control->avail_min) {
2989                         mask = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
2990                         break;
2991                 }
2992                 mask = 0;
2993                 break;
2994         case SNDRV_PCM_STATE_DRAINING:
2995                 if (avail > 0) {
2996                         mask = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
2997                         break;
2998                 }
2999                 /* Fall through */
3000         default:
3001                 mask = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM | POLLERR;
3002                 break;
3003         }
3004         snd_pcm_stream_unlock_irq(substream);
3005         return mask;
3006 }
3007
3008 /*
3009  * mmap support
3010  */
3011
3012 /*
3013  * Only on coherent architectures, we can mmap the status and the control records
3014  * for effcient data transfer.  On others, we have to use HWSYNC ioctl...
3015  */
3016 #if defined(CONFIG_X86) || defined(CONFIG_PPC) || defined(CONFIG_ALPHA)
3017 /*
3018  * mmap status record
3019  */
3020 static int snd_pcm_mmap_status_fault(struct vm_area_struct *area,
3021                                                 struct vm_fault *vmf)
3022 {
3023         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = area->vm_private_data;
3024         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3025         
3026         if (substream == NULL)
3027                 return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
3028         runtime = substream->runtime;
3029         vmf->page = virt_to_page(runtime->status);
3030         get_page(vmf->page);
3031         return 0;
3032 }
3033
3034 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_status =
3035 {
3036         .fault =        snd_pcm_mmap_status_fault,
3037 };
3038
3039 static int snd_pcm_mmap_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3040                                struct vm_area_struct *area)
3041 {
3042         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3043         long size;
3044         if (!(area->vm_flags & VM_READ))
3045                 return -EINVAL;
3046         runtime = substream->runtime;
3047         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -EAGAIN);
3048         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3049         if (size != PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct snd_pcm_mmap_status)))
3050                 return -EINVAL;
3051         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_status;
3052         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3053         area->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED;
3054         return 0;
3055 }
3056
3057 /*
3058  * mmap control record
3059  */
3060 static int snd_pcm_mmap_control_fault(struct vm_area_struct *area,
3061                                                 struct vm_fault *vmf)
3062 {
3063         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = area->vm_private_data;
3064         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3065         
3066         if (substream == NULL)
3067                 return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
3068         runtime = substream->runtime;
3069         vmf->page = virt_to_page(runtime->control);
3070         get_page(vmf->page);
3071         return 0;
3072 }
3073
3074 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_control =
3075 {
3076         .fault =        snd_pcm_mmap_control_fault,
3077 };
3078
3079 static int snd_pcm_mmap_control(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3080                                 struct vm_area_struct *area)
3081 {
3082         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3083         long size;
3084         if (!(area->vm_flags & VM_READ))
3085                 return -EINVAL;
3086         runtime = substream->runtime;
3087         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -EAGAIN);
3088         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3089         if (size != PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct snd_pcm_mmap_control)))
3090                 return -EINVAL;
3091         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_control;
3092         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3093         area->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED;
3094         return 0;
3095 }
3096 #else /* ! coherent mmap */
3097 /*
3098  * don't support mmap for status and control records.
3099  */
3100 static int snd_pcm_mmap_status(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3101                                struct vm_area_struct *area)
3102 {
3103         return -ENXIO;
3104 }
3105 static int snd_pcm_mmap_control(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3106                                 struct vm_area_struct *area)
3107 {
3108         return -ENXIO;
3109 }
3110 #endif /* coherent mmap */
3111
3112 /*
3113  * fault callback for mmapping a RAM page
3114  */
3115 static int snd_pcm_mmap_data_fault(struct vm_area_struct *area,
3116                                                 struct vm_fault *vmf)
3117 {
3118         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream = area->vm_private_data;
3119         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3120         unsigned long offset;
3121         struct page * page;
3122         void *vaddr;
3123         size_t dma_bytes;
3124         
3125         if (substream == NULL)
3126                 return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
3127         runtime = substream->runtime;
3128         offset = vmf->pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3129         dma_bytes = PAGE_ALIGN(runtime->dma_bytes);
3130         if (offset > dma_bytes - PAGE_SIZE)
3131                 return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
3132         if (substream->ops->page) {
3133                 page = substream->ops->page(substream, offset);
3134                 if (!page)
3135                         return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
3136         } else {
3137                 vaddr = runtime->dma_area + offset;
3138                 page = virt_to_page(vaddr);
3139         }
3140         get_page(page);
3141         vmf->page = page;
3142         return 0;
3143 }
3144
3145 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_data =
3146 {
3147         .open =         snd_pcm_mmap_data_open,
3148         .close =        snd_pcm_mmap_data_close,
3149         .fault =        snd_pcm_mmap_data_fault,
3150 };
3151
3152 /*
3153  * mmap the DMA buffer on RAM
3154  */
3155 static int snd_pcm_default_mmap(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3156                                 struct vm_area_struct *area)
3157 {
3158         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_data;
3159         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3160         area->vm_flags |= VM_RESERVED;
3161         atomic_inc(&substream->mmap_count);
3162         return 0;
3163 }
3164
3165 /*
3166  * mmap the DMA buffer on I/O memory area
3167  */
3168 #if SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_IOMEM
3169 static struct vm_operations_struct snd_pcm_vm_ops_data_mmio =
3170 {
3171         .open =         snd_pcm_mmap_data_open,
3172         .close =        snd_pcm_mmap_data_close,
3173 };
3174
3175 int snd_pcm_lib_mmap_iomem(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3176                            struct vm_area_struct *area)
3177 {
3178         long size;
3179         unsigned long offset;
3180
3181 #ifdef pgprot_noncached
3182         area->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(area->vm_page_prot);
3183 #endif
3184         area->vm_ops = &snd_pcm_vm_ops_data_mmio;
3185         area->vm_private_data = substream;
3186         area->vm_flags |= VM_IO;
3187         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3188         offset = area->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3189         if (io_remap_pfn_range(area, area->vm_start,
3190                                 (substream->runtime->dma_addr + offset) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
3191                                 size, area->vm_page_prot))
3192                 return -EAGAIN;
3193         atomic_inc(&substream->mmap_count);
3194         return 0;
3195 }
3196
3197 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_lib_mmap_iomem);
3198 #endif /* SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP */
3199
3200 /*
3201  * mmap DMA buffer
3202  */
3203 int snd_pcm_mmap_data(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, struct file *file,
3204                       struct vm_area_struct *area)
3205 {
3206         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3207         long size;
3208         unsigned long offset;
3209         size_t dma_bytes;
3210
3211         if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
3212                 if (!(area->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_READ)))
3213                         return -EINVAL;
3214         } else {
3215                 if (!(area->vm_flags & VM_READ))
3216                         return -EINVAL;
3217         }
3218         runtime = substream->runtime;
3219         snd_assert(runtime != NULL, return -EAGAIN);
3220         if (runtime->status->state == SNDRV_PCM_STATE_OPEN)
3221                 return -EBADFD;
3222         if (!(runtime->info & SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP))
3223                 return -ENXIO;
3224         if (runtime->access == SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_INTERLEAVED ||
3225             runtime->access == SNDRV_PCM_ACCESS_RW_NONINTERLEAVED)
3226                 return -EINVAL;
3227         size = area->vm_end - area->vm_start;
3228         offset = area->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3229         dma_bytes = PAGE_ALIGN(runtime->dma_bytes);
3230         if ((size_t)size > dma_bytes)
3231                 return -EINVAL;
3232         if (offset > dma_bytes - size)
3233                 return -EINVAL;
3234
3235         if (substream->ops->mmap)
3236                 return substream->ops->mmap(substream, area);
3237         else
3238                 return snd_pcm_default_mmap(substream, area);
3239 }
3240
3241 EXPORT_SYMBOL(snd_pcm_mmap_data);
3242
3243 static int snd_pcm_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *area)
3244 {
3245         struct snd_pcm_file * pcm_file;
3246         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;    
3247         unsigned long offset;
3248         
3249         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3250         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3251         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
3252
3253         offset = area->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
3254         switch (offset) {
3255         case SNDRV_PCM_MMAP_OFFSET_STATUS:
3256                 if (pcm_file->no_compat_mmap)
3257                         return -ENXIO;
3258                 return snd_pcm_mmap_status(substream, file, area);
3259         case SNDRV_PCM_MMAP_OFFSET_CONTROL:
3260                 if (pcm_file->no_compat_mmap)
3261                         return -ENXIO;
3262                 return snd_pcm_mmap_control(substream, file, area);
3263         default:
3264                 return snd_pcm_mmap_data(substream, file, area);
3265         }
3266         return 0;
3267 }
3268
3269 static int snd_pcm_fasync(int fd, struct file * file, int on)
3270 {
3271         struct snd_pcm_file * pcm_file;
3272         struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
3273         struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime;
3274         int err;
3275
3276         pcm_file = file->private_data;
3277         substream = pcm_file->substream;
3278         snd_assert(substream != NULL, return -ENXIO);
3279         runtime = substream->runtime;
3280
3281         err = fasync_helper(fd, file, on, &runtime->fasync);
3282         if (err < 0)
3283                 return err;
3284         return 0;
3285 }
3286
3287 /*
3288  * ioctl32 compat
3289  */
3290 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
3291 #include "pcm_compat.c"
3292 #else
3293 #define snd_pcm_ioctl_compat    NULL
3294 #endif
3295
3296 /*
3297  *  To be removed helpers to keep binary compatibility
3298  */
3299
3300 #ifdef CONFIG_SND_SUPPORT_OLD_API
3301 #define __OLD_TO_NEW_MASK(x) ((x&7)|((x&0x07fffff8)<<5))
3302 #define __NEW_TO_OLD_MASK(x) ((x&7)|((x&0xffffff00)>>5))
3303
3304 static void snd_pcm_hw_convert_from_old_params(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
3305                                                struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams)
3306 {
3307         unsigned int i;
3308
3309         memset(params, 0, sizeof(*params));
3310         params->flags = oparams->flags;
3311         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(oparams->masks); i++)
3312                 params->masks[i].bits[0] = oparams->masks[i];
3313         memcpy(params->intervals, oparams->intervals, sizeof(oparams->intervals));
3314         params->rmask = __OLD_TO_NEW_MASK(oparams->rmask);
3315         params->cmask = __OLD_TO_NEW_MASK(oparams->cmask);
3316         params->info = oparams->info;
3317         params->msbits = oparams->msbits;
3318         params->rate_num = oparams->rate_num;
3319         params->rate_den = oparams->rate_den;
3320         params->fifo_size = oparams->fifo_size;
3321 }
3322
3323 static void snd_pcm_hw_convert_to_old_params(struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams,
3324                                              struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
3325 {
3326         unsigned int i;
3327
3328         memset(oparams, 0, sizeof(*oparams));
3329         oparams->flags = params->flags;
3330         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(oparams->masks); i++)
3331                 oparams->masks[i] = params->masks[i].bits[0];
3332         memcpy(oparams->intervals, params->intervals, sizeof(oparams->intervals));
3333         oparams->rmask = __NEW_TO_OLD_MASK(params->rmask);
3334         oparams->cmask = __NEW_TO_OLD_MASK(params->cmask);
3335         oparams->info = params->info;
3336         oparams->msbits = params->msbits;
3337         oparams->rate_num = params->rate_num;
3338         oparams->rate_den = params->rate_den;
3339         oparams->fifo_size = params->fifo_size;
3340 }
3341
3342 static int snd_pcm_hw_refine_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3343                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams)
3344 {
3345         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
3346         struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams = NULL;
3347         int err;
3348
3349         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
3350         if (!params) {
3351                 err = -ENOMEM;
3352                 goto out;
3353         }
3354         oparams = kmalloc(sizeof(*oparams), GFP_KERNEL);
3355         if (!oparams) {
3356                 err = -ENOMEM;
3357                 goto out;
3358         }
3359
3360         if (copy_from_user(oparams, _oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3361                 err = -EFAULT;
3362                 goto out;
3363         }
3364         snd_pcm_hw_convert_from_old_params(params, oparams);
3365         err = snd_pcm_hw_refine(substream, params);
3366         snd_pcm_hw_convert_to_old_params(oparams, params);
3367         if (copy_to_user(_oparams, oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3368                 if (!err)
3369                         err = -EFAULT;
3370         }
3371 out:
3372         kfree(params);
3373         kfree(oparams);
3374         return err;
3375 }
3376
3377 static int snd_pcm_hw_params_old_user(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
3378                                       struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old __user * _oparams)
3379 {
3380         struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params;
3381         struct snd_pcm_hw_params_old *oparams = NULL;
3382         int err;
3383
3384         params = kmalloc(sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
3385         if (!params) {
3386                 err = -ENOMEM;
3387                 goto out;
3388         }
3389         oparams = kmalloc(sizeof(*oparams), GFP_KERNEL);
3390         if (!oparams) {
3391                 err = -ENOMEM;
3392                 goto out;
3393         }
3394         if (copy_from_user(oparams, _oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3395                 err = -EFAULT;
3396                 goto out;
3397         }
3398         snd_pcm_hw_convert_from_old_params(params, oparams);
3399         err = snd_pcm_hw_params(substream, params);
3400         snd_pcm_hw_convert_to_old_params(oparams, params);
3401         if (copy_to_user(_oparams, oparams, sizeof(*oparams))) {
3402                 if (!err)
3403                         err = -EFAULT;
3404         }
3405 out:
3406         kfree(params);
3407         kfree(oparams);
3408         return err;
3409 }
3410 #endif /* CONFIG_SND_SUPPORT_OLD_API */
3411
3412 /*
3413  *  Register section
3414  */
3415
3416 const struct file_operations snd_pcm_f_ops[2] = {
3417         {
3418                 .owner =                THIS_MODULE,
3419                 .write =                snd_pcm_write,
3420                 .aio_write =            snd_pcm_aio_write,
3421                 .open =                 snd_pcm_playback_open,
3422                 .release =              snd_pcm_release,
3423                 .poll =                 snd_pcm_playback_poll,
3424                 .unlocked_ioctl =       snd_pcm_playback_ioctl,
3425                 .compat_ioctl =         snd_pcm_ioctl_compat,
3426                 .mmap =                 snd_pcm_mmap,
3427                 .fasync =               snd_pcm_fasync,
3428         },
3429         {
3430                 .owner =                THIS_MODULE,
3431                 .read =                 snd_pcm_read,
3432                 .aio_read =             snd_pcm_aio_read,
3433                 .open =                 snd_pcm_capture_open,
3434                 .release =              snd_pcm_release,
3435                 .poll =                 snd_pcm_capture_poll,
3436                 .unlocked_ioctl =       snd_pcm_capture_ioctl,
3437                 .compat_ioctl =         snd_pcm_ioctl_compat,
3438                 .mmap =                 snd_pcm_mmap,
3439                 .fasync =               snd_pcm_fasync,
3440         }
3441 };