[PATCH] swap: correct swapfile nr_good_pages
[linux-2.6.git] / mm / swapfile.c
1 /*
2  *  linux/mm/swapfile.c
3  *
4  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994  Linus Torvalds
5  *  Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie
6  */
7
8 #include <linux/config.h>
9 #include <linux/mm.h>
10 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
11 #include <linux/mman.h>
12 #include <linux/slab.h>
13 #include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
14 #include <linux/swap.h>
15 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
16 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
17 #include <linux/namei.h>
18 #include <linux/shm.h>
19 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
20 #include <linux/writeback.h>
21 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
22 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
23 #include <linux/init.h>
24 #include <linux/module.h>
25 #include <linux/rmap.h>
26 #include <linux/security.h>
27 #include <linux/backing-dev.h>
28 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
29
30 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
31 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
32 #include <linux/swapops.h>
33
34 DEFINE_SPINLOCK(swaplock);
35 unsigned int nr_swapfiles;
36 long total_swap_pages;
37 static int swap_overflow;
38
39 EXPORT_SYMBOL(total_swap_pages);
40
41 static const char Bad_file[] = "Bad swap file entry ";
42 static const char Unused_file[] = "Unused swap file entry ";
43 static const char Bad_offset[] = "Bad swap offset entry ";
44 static const char Unused_offset[] = "Unused swap offset entry ";
45
46 struct swap_list_t swap_list = {-1, -1};
47
48 struct swap_info_struct swap_info[MAX_SWAPFILES];
49
50 static DECLARE_MUTEX(swapon_sem);
51
52 /*
53  * We need this because the bdev->unplug_fn can sleep and we cannot
54  * hold swap_list_lock while calling the unplug_fn. And swap_list_lock
55  * cannot be turned into a semaphore.
56  */
57 static DECLARE_RWSEM(swap_unplug_sem);
58
59 #define SWAPFILE_CLUSTER 256
60
61 void swap_unplug_io_fn(struct backing_dev_info *unused_bdi, struct page *page)
62 {
63         swp_entry_t entry;
64
65         down_read(&swap_unplug_sem);
66         entry.val = page->private;
67         if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
68                 struct block_device *bdev = swap_info[swp_type(entry)].bdev;
69                 struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
70
71                 /*
72                  * If the page is removed from swapcache from under us (with a
73                  * racy try_to_unuse/swapoff) we need an additional reference
74                  * count to avoid reading garbage from page->private above. If
75                  * the WARN_ON triggers during a swapoff it maybe the race
76                  * condition and it's harmless. However if it triggers without
77                  * swapoff it signals a problem.
78                  */
79                 WARN_ON(page_count(page) <= 1);
80
81                 bdi = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->backing_dev_info;
82                 blk_run_backing_dev(bdi, page);
83         }
84         up_read(&swap_unplug_sem);
85 }
86
87 static inline int scan_swap_map(struct swap_info_struct *si)
88 {
89         unsigned long offset;
90         /* 
91          * We try to cluster swap pages by allocating them
92          * sequentially in swap.  Once we've allocated
93          * SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages this way, however, we resort to
94          * first-free allocation, starting a new cluster.  This
95          * prevents us from scattering swap pages all over the entire
96          * swap partition, so that we reduce overall disk seek times
97          * between swap pages.  -- sct */
98         if (si->cluster_nr) {
99                 while (si->cluster_next <= si->highest_bit) {
100                         offset = si->cluster_next++;
101                         if (si->swap_map[offset])
102                                 continue;
103                         si->cluster_nr--;
104                         goto got_page;
105                 }
106         }
107         si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER;
108
109         /* try to find an empty (even not aligned) cluster. */
110         offset = si->lowest_bit;
111  check_next_cluster:
112         if (offset+SWAPFILE_CLUSTER-1 <= si->highest_bit)
113         {
114                 unsigned long nr;
115                 for (nr = offset; nr < offset+SWAPFILE_CLUSTER; nr++)
116                         if (si->swap_map[nr])
117                         {
118                                 offset = nr+1;
119                                 goto check_next_cluster;
120                         }
121                 /* We found a completly empty cluster, so start
122                  * using it.
123                  */
124                 goto got_page;
125         }
126         /* No luck, so now go finegrined as usual. -Andrea */
127         for (offset = si->lowest_bit; offset <= si->highest_bit ; offset++) {
128                 if (si->swap_map[offset])
129                         continue;
130                 si->lowest_bit = offset+1;
131         got_page:
132                 if (offset == si->lowest_bit)
133                         si->lowest_bit++;
134                 if (offset == si->highest_bit)
135                         si->highest_bit--;
136                 if (si->lowest_bit > si->highest_bit) {
137                         si->lowest_bit = si->max;
138                         si->highest_bit = 0;
139                 }
140                 si->swap_map[offset] = 1;
141                 si->inuse_pages++;
142                 nr_swap_pages--;
143                 si->cluster_next = offset+1;
144                 return offset;
145         }
146         si->lowest_bit = si->max;
147         si->highest_bit = 0;
148         return 0;
149 }
150
151 swp_entry_t get_swap_page(void)
152 {
153         struct swap_info_struct * p;
154         unsigned long offset;
155         swp_entry_t entry;
156         int type, wrapped = 0;
157
158         entry.val = 0;  /* Out of memory */
159         swap_list_lock();
160         type = swap_list.next;
161         if (type < 0)
162                 goto out;
163         if (nr_swap_pages <= 0)
164                 goto out;
165
166         while (1) {
167                 p = &swap_info[type];
168                 if ((p->flags & SWP_ACTIVE) == SWP_ACTIVE) {
169                         swap_device_lock(p);
170                         offset = scan_swap_map(p);
171                         swap_device_unlock(p);
172                         if (offset) {
173                                 entry = swp_entry(type,offset);
174                                 type = swap_info[type].next;
175                                 if (type < 0 ||
176                                         p->prio != swap_info[type].prio) {
177                                                 swap_list.next = swap_list.head;
178                                 } else {
179                                         swap_list.next = type;
180                                 }
181                                 goto out;
182                         }
183                 }
184                 type = p->next;
185                 if (!wrapped) {
186                         if (type < 0 || p->prio != swap_info[type].prio) {
187                                 type = swap_list.head;
188                                 wrapped = 1;
189                         }
190                 } else
191                         if (type < 0)
192                                 goto out;       /* out of swap space */
193         }
194 out:
195         swap_list_unlock();
196         return entry;
197 }
198
199 static struct swap_info_struct * swap_info_get(swp_entry_t entry)
200 {
201         struct swap_info_struct * p;
202         unsigned long offset, type;
203
204         if (!entry.val)
205                 goto out;
206         type = swp_type(entry);
207         if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
208                 goto bad_nofile;
209         p = & swap_info[type];
210         if (!(p->flags & SWP_USED))
211                 goto bad_device;
212         offset = swp_offset(entry);
213         if (offset >= p->max)
214                 goto bad_offset;
215         if (!p->swap_map[offset])
216                 goto bad_free;
217         swap_list_lock();
218         if (p->prio > swap_info[swap_list.next].prio)
219                 swap_list.next = type;
220         swap_device_lock(p);
221         return p;
222
223 bad_free:
224         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Unused_offset, entry.val);
225         goto out;
226 bad_offset:
227         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Bad_offset, entry.val);
228         goto out;
229 bad_device:
230         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Unused_file, entry.val);
231         goto out;
232 bad_nofile:
233         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Bad_file, entry.val);
234 out:
235         return NULL;
236 }       
237
238 static void swap_info_put(struct swap_info_struct * p)
239 {
240         swap_device_unlock(p);
241         swap_list_unlock();
242 }
243
244 static int swap_entry_free(struct swap_info_struct *p, unsigned long offset)
245 {
246         int count = p->swap_map[offset];
247
248         if (count < SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
249                 count--;
250                 p->swap_map[offset] = count;
251                 if (!count) {
252                         if (offset < p->lowest_bit)
253                                 p->lowest_bit = offset;
254                         if (offset > p->highest_bit)
255                                 p->highest_bit = offset;
256                         nr_swap_pages++;
257                         p->inuse_pages--;
258                 }
259         }
260         return count;
261 }
262
263 /*
264  * Caller has made sure that the swapdevice corresponding to entry
265  * is still around or has not been recycled.
266  */
267 void swap_free(swp_entry_t entry)
268 {
269         struct swap_info_struct * p;
270
271         p = swap_info_get(entry);
272         if (p) {
273                 swap_entry_free(p, swp_offset(entry));
274                 swap_info_put(p);
275         }
276 }
277
278 /*
279  * How many references to page are currently swapped out?
280  */
281 static inline int page_swapcount(struct page *page)
282 {
283         int count = 0;
284         struct swap_info_struct *p;
285         swp_entry_t entry;
286
287         entry.val = page->private;
288         p = swap_info_get(entry);
289         if (p) {
290                 /* Subtract the 1 for the swap cache itself */
291                 count = p->swap_map[swp_offset(entry)] - 1;
292                 swap_info_put(p);
293         }
294         return count;
295 }
296
297 /*
298  * We can use this swap cache entry directly
299  * if there are no other references to it.
300  */
301 int can_share_swap_page(struct page *page)
302 {
303         int count;
304
305         BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
306         count = page_mapcount(page);
307         if (count <= 1 && PageSwapCache(page))
308                 count += page_swapcount(page);
309         return count == 1;
310 }
311
312 /*
313  * Work out if there are any other processes sharing this
314  * swap cache page. Free it if you can. Return success.
315  */
316 int remove_exclusive_swap_page(struct page *page)
317 {
318         int retval;
319         struct swap_info_struct * p;
320         swp_entry_t entry;
321
322         BUG_ON(PagePrivate(page));
323         BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
324
325         if (!PageSwapCache(page))
326                 return 0;
327         if (PageWriteback(page))
328                 return 0;
329         if (page_count(page) != 2) /* 2: us + cache */
330                 return 0;
331
332         entry.val = page->private;
333         p = swap_info_get(entry);
334         if (!p)
335                 return 0;
336
337         /* Is the only swap cache user the cache itself? */
338         retval = 0;
339         if (p->swap_map[swp_offset(entry)] == 1) {
340                 /* Recheck the page count with the swapcache lock held.. */
341                 write_lock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
342                 if ((page_count(page) == 2) && !PageWriteback(page)) {
343                         __delete_from_swap_cache(page);
344                         SetPageDirty(page);
345                         retval = 1;
346                 }
347                 write_unlock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
348         }
349         swap_info_put(p);
350
351         if (retval) {
352                 swap_free(entry);
353                 page_cache_release(page);
354         }
355
356         return retval;
357 }
358
359 /*
360  * Free the swap entry like above, but also try to
361  * free the page cache entry if it is the last user.
362  */
363 void free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
364 {
365         struct swap_info_struct * p;
366         struct page *page = NULL;
367
368         p = swap_info_get(entry);
369         if (p) {
370                 if (swap_entry_free(p, swp_offset(entry)) == 1)
371                         page = find_trylock_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
372                 swap_info_put(p);
373         }
374         if (page) {
375                 int one_user;
376
377                 BUG_ON(PagePrivate(page));
378                 page_cache_get(page);
379                 one_user = (page_count(page) == 2);
380                 /* Only cache user (+us), or swap space full? Free it! */
381                 if (!PageWriteback(page) && (one_user || vm_swap_full())) {
382                         delete_from_swap_cache(page);
383                         SetPageDirty(page);
384                 }
385                 unlock_page(page);
386                 page_cache_release(page);
387         }
388 }
389
390 /*
391  * Always set the resulting pte to be nowrite (the same as COW pages
392  * after one process has exited).  We don't know just how many PTEs will
393  * share this swap entry, so be cautious and let do_wp_page work out
394  * what to do if a write is requested later.
395  *
396  * vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock is held.
397  */
398 static void unuse_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pte_t *pte,
399                 unsigned long addr, swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
400 {
401         inc_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, rss);
402         get_page(page);
403         set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, pte,
404                    pte_mkold(mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot)));
405         page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr);
406         swap_free(entry);
407         /*
408          * Move the page to the active list so it is not
409          * immediately swapped out again after swapon.
410          */
411         activate_page(page);
412 }
413
414 static int unuse_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
415                                 unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
416                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
417 {
418         pte_t *pte;
419         pte_t swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
420
421         pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
422         do {
423                 /*
424                  * swapoff spends a _lot_ of time in this loop!
425                  * Test inline before going to call unuse_pte.
426                  */
427                 if (unlikely(pte_same(*pte, swp_pte))) {
428                         unuse_pte(vma, pte, addr, entry, page);
429                         pte_unmap(pte);
430                         return 1;
431                 }
432         } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
433         pte_unmap(pte - 1);
434         return 0;
435 }
436
437 static inline int unuse_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud,
438                                 unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
439                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
440 {
441         pmd_t *pmd;
442         unsigned long next;
443
444         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
445         do {
446                 next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
447                 if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd))
448                         continue;
449                 if (unuse_pte_range(vma, pmd, addr, next, entry, page))
450                         return 1;
451         } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
452         return 0;
453 }
454
455 static inline int unuse_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd,
456                                 unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
457                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
458 {
459         pud_t *pud;
460         unsigned long next;
461
462         pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
463         do {
464                 next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
465                 if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud))
466                         continue;
467                 if (unuse_pmd_range(vma, pud, addr, next, entry, page))
468                         return 1;
469         } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
470         return 0;
471 }
472
473 static int unuse_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
474                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
475 {
476         pgd_t *pgd;
477         unsigned long addr, end, next;
478
479         if (page->mapping) {
480                 addr = page_address_in_vma(page, vma);
481                 if (addr == -EFAULT)
482                         return 0;
483                 else
484                         end = addr + PAGE_SIZE;
485         } else {
486                 addr = vma->vm_start;
487                 end = vma->vm_end;
488         }
489
490         pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
491         do {
492                 next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
493                 if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd))
494                         continue;
495                 if (unuse_pud_range(vma, pgd, addr, next, entry, page))
496                         return 1;
497         } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
498         return 0;
499 }
500
501 static int unuse_mm(struct mm_struct *mm,
502                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
503 {
504         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
505
506         if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
507                 /*
508                  * Activate page so shrink_cache is unlikely to unmap its
509                  * ptes while lock is dropped, so swapoff can make progress.
510                  */
511                 activate_page(page);
512                 unlock_page(page);
513                 down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
514                 lock_page(page);
515         }
516         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
517         for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
518                 if (vma->anon_vma && unuse_vma(vma, entry, page))
519                         break;
520         }
521         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
522         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
523         /*
524          * Currently unuse_mm cannot fail, but leave error handling
525          * at call sites for now, since we change it from time to time.
526          */
527         return 0;
528 }
529
530 /*
531  * Scan swap_map from current position to next entry still in use.
532  * Recycle to start on reaching the end, returning 0 when empty.
533  */
534 static int find_next_to_unuse(struct swap_info_struct *si, int prev)
535 {
536         int max = si->max;
537         int i = prev;
538         int count;
539
540         /*
541          * No need for swap_device_lock(si) here: we're just looking
542          * for whether an entry is in use, not modifying it; false
543          * hits are okay, and sys_swapoff() has already prevented new
544          * allocations from this area (while holding swap_list_lock()).
545          */
546         for (;;) {
547                 if (++i >= max) {
548                         if (!prev) {
549                                 i = 0;
550                                 break;
551                         }
552                         /*
553                          * No entries in use at top of swap_map,
554                          * loop back to start and recheck there.
555                          */
556                         max = prev + 1;
557                         prev = 0;
558                         i = 1;
559                 }
560                 count = si->swap_map[i];
561                 if (count && count != SWAP_MAP_BAD)
562                         break;
563         }
564         return i;
565 }
566
567 /*
568  * We completely avoid races by reading each swap page in advance,
569  * and then search for the process using it.  All the necessary
570  * page table adjustments can then be made atomically.
571  */
572 static int try_to_unuse(unsigned int type)
573 {
574         struct swap_info_struct * si = &swap_info[type];
575         struct mm_struct *start_mm;
576         unsigned short *swap_map;
577         unsigned short swcount;
578         struct page *page;
579         swp_entry_t entry;
580         int i = 0;
581         int retval = 0;
582         int reset_overflow = 0;
583         int shmem;
584
585         /*
586          * When searching mms for an entry, a good strategy is to
587          * start at the first mm we freed the previous entry from
588          * (though actually we don't notice whether we or coincidence
589          * freed the entry).  Initialize this start_mm with a hold.
590          *
591          * A simpler strategy would be to start at the last mm we
592          * freed the previous entry from; but that would take less
593          * advantage of mmlist ordering, which clusters forked mms
594          * together, child after parent.  If we race with dup_mmap(), we
595          * prefer to resolve parent before child, lest we miss entries
596          * duplicated after we scanned child: using last mm would invert
597          * that.  Though it's only a serious concern when an overflowed
598          * swap count is reset from SWAP_MAP_MAX, preventing a rescan.
599          */
600         start_mm = &init_mm;
601         atomic_inc(&init_mm.mm_users);
602
603         /*
604          * Keep on scanning until all entries have gone.  Usually,
605          * one pass through swap_map is enough, but not necessarily:
606          * there are races when an instance of an entry might be missed.
607          */
608         while ((i = find_next_to_unuse(si, i)) != 0) {
609                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
610                         retval = -EINTR;
611                         break;
612                 }
613
614                 /* 
615                  * Get a page for the entry, using the existing swap
616                  * cache page if there is one.  Otherwise, get a clean
617                  * page and read the swap into it. 
618                  */
619                 swap_map = &si->swap_map[i];
620                 entry = swp_entry(type, i);
621                 page = read_swap_cache_async(entry, NULL, 0);
622                 if (!page) {
623                         /*
624                          * Either swap_duplicate() failed because entry
625                          * has been freed independently, and will not be
626                          * reused since sys_swapoff() already disabled
627                          * allocation from here, or alloc_page() failed.
628                          */
629                         if (!*swap_map)
630                                 continue;
631                         retval = -ENOMEM;
632                         break;
633                 }
634
635                 /*
636                  * Don't hold on to start_mm if it looks like exiting.
637                  */
638                 if (atomic_read(&start_mm->mm_users) == 1) {
639                         mmput(start_mm);
640                         start_mm = &init_mm;
641                         atomic_inc(&init_mm.mm_users);
642                 }
643
644                 /*
645                  * Wait for and lock page.  When do_swap_page races with
646                  * try_to_unuse, do_swap_page can handle the fault much
647                  * faster than try_to_unuse can locate the entry.  This
648                  * apparently redundant "wait_on_page_locked" lets try_to_unuse
649                  * defer to do_swap_page in such a case - in some tests,
650                  * do_swap_page and try_to_unuse repeatedly compete.
651                  */
652                 wait_on_page_locked(page);
653                 wait_on_page_writeback(page);
654                 lock_page(page);
655                 wait_on_page_writeback(page);
656
657                 /*
658                  * Remove all references to entry.
659                  * Whenever we reach init_mm, there's no address space
660                  * to search, but use it as a reminder to search shmem.
661                  */
662                 shmem = 0;
663                 swcount = *swap_map;
664                 if (swcount > 1) {
665                         if (start_mm == &init_mm)
666                                 shmem = shmem_unuse(entry, page);
667                         else
668                                 retval = unuse_mm(start_mm, entry, page);
669                 }
670                 if (*swap_map > 1) {
671                         int set_start_mm = (*swap_map >= swcount);
672                         struct list_head *p = &start_mm->mmlist;
673                         struct mm_struct *new_start_mm = start_mm;
674                         struct mm_struct *prev_mm = start_mm;
675                         struct mm_struct *mm;
676
677                         atomic_inc(&new_start_mm->mm_users);
678                         atomic_inc(&prev_mm->mm_users);
679                         spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
680                         while (*swap_map > 1 && !retval &&
681                                         (p = p->next) != &start_mm->mmlist) {
682                                 mm = list_entry(p, struct mm_struct, mmlist);
683                                 if (atomic_inc_return(&mm->mm_users) == 1) {
684                                         atomic_dec(&mm->mm_users);
685                                         continue;
686                                 }
687                                 spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
688                                 mmput(prev_mm);
689                                 prev_mm = mm;
690
691                                 cond_resched();
692
693                                 swcount = *swap_map;
694                                 if (swcount <= 1)
695                                         ;
696                                 else if (mm == &init_mm) {
697                                         set_start_mm = 1;
698                                         shmem = shmem_unuse(entry, page);
699                                 } else
700                                         retval = unuse_mm(mm, entry, page);
701                                 if (set_start_mm && *swap_map < swcount) {
702                                         mmput(new_start_mm);
703                                         atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users);
704                                         new_start_mm = mm;
705                                         set_start_mm = 0;
706                                 }
707                                 spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
708                         }
709                         spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
710                         mmput(prev_mm);
711                         mmput(start_mm);
712                         start_mm = new_start_mm;
713                 }
714                 if (retval) {
715                         unlock_page(page);
716                         page_cache_release(page);
717                         break;
718                 }
719
720                 /*
721                  * How could swap count reach 0x7fff when the maximum
722                  * pid is 0x7fff, and there's no way to repeat a swap
723                  * page within an mm (except in shmem, where it's the
724                  * shared object which takes the reference count)?
725                  * We believe SWAP_MAP_MAX cannot occur in Linux 2.4.
726                  *
727                  * If that's wrong, then we should worry more about
728                  * exit_mmap() and do_munmap() cases described above:
729                  * we might be resetting SWAP_MAP_MAX too early here.
730                  * We know "Undead"s can happen, they're okay, so don't
731                  * report them; but do report if we reset SWAP_MAP_MAX.
732                  */
733                 if (*swap_map == SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
734                         swap_device_lock(si);
735                         *swap_map = 1;
736                         swap_device_unlock(si);
737                         reset_overflow = 1;
738                 }
739
740                 /*
741                  * If a reference remains (rare), we would like to leave
742                  * the page in the swap cache; but try_to_unmap could
743                  * then re-duplicate the entry once we drop page lock,
744                  * so we might loop indefinitely; also, that page could
745                  * not be swapped out to other storage meanwhile.  So:
746                  * delete from cache even if there's another reference,
747                  * after ensuring that the data has been saved to disk -
748                  * since if the reference remains (rarer), it will be
749                  * read from disk into another page.  Splitting into two
750                  * pages would be incorrect if swap supported "shared
751                  * private" pages, but they are handled by tmpfs files.
752                  *
753                  * Note shmem_unuse already deleted a swappage from
754                  * the swap cache, unless the move to filepage failed:
755                  * in which case it left swappage in cache, lowered its
756                  * swap count to pass quickly through the loops above,
757                  * and now we must reincrement count to try again later.
758                  */
759                 if ((*swap_map > 1) && PageDirty(page) && PageSwapCache(page)) {
760                         struct writeback_control wbc = {
761                                 .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
762                         };
763
764                         swap_writepage(page, &wbc);
765                         lock_page(page);
766                         wait_on_page_writeback(page);
767                 }
768                 if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
769                         if (shmem)
770                                 swap_duplicate(entry);
771                         else
772                                 delete_from_swap_cache(page);
773                 }
774
775                 /*
776                  * So we could skip searching mms once swap count went
777                  * to 1, we did not mark any present ptes as dirty: must
778                  * mark page dirty so shrink_list will preserve it.
779                  */
780                 SetPageDirty(page);
781                 unlock_page(page);
782                 page_cache_release(page);
783
784                 /*
785                  * Make sure that we aren't completely killing
786                  * interactive performance.
787                  */
788                 cond_resched();
789         }
790
791         mmput(start_mm);
792         if (reset_overflow) {
793                 printk(KERN_WARNING "swapoff: cleared swap entry overflow\n");
794                 swap_overflow = 0;
795         }
796         return retval;
797 }
798
799 /*
800  * After a successful try_to_unuse, if no swap is now in use, we know we
801  * can empty the mmlist.  swap_list_lock must be held on entry and exit.
802  * Note that mmlist_lock nests inside swap_list_lock, and an mm must be
803  * added to the mmlist just after page_duplicate - before would be racy.
804  */
805 static void drain_mmlist(void)
806 {
807         struct list_head *p, *next;
808         unsigned int i;
809
810         for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++)
811                 if (swap_info[i].inuse_pages)
812                         return;
813         spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
814         list_for_each_safe(p, next, &init_mm.mmlist)
815                 list_del_init(p);
816         spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
817 }
818
819 /*
820  * Use this swapdev's extent info to locate the (PAGE_SIZE) block which
821  * corresponds to page offset `offset'.
822  */
823 sector_t map_swap_page(struct swap_info_struct *sis, pgoff_t offset)
824 {
825         struct swap_extent *se = sis->curr_swap_extent;
826         struct swap_extent *start_se = se;
827
828         for ( ; ; ) {
829                 struct list_head *lh;
830
831                 if (se->start_page <= offset &&
832                                 offset < (se->start_page + se->nr_pages)) {
833                         return se->start_block + (offset - se->start_page);
834                 }
835                 lh = se->list.prev;
836                 if (lh == &sis->extent_list)
837                         lh = lh->prev;
838                 se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
839                 sis->curr_swap_extent = se;
840                 BUG_ON(se == start_se);         /* It *must* be present */
841         }
842 }
843
844 /*
845  * Free all of a swapdev's extent information
846  */
847 static void destroy_swap_extents(struct swap_info_struct *sis)
848 {
849         while (!list_empty(&sis->extent_list)) {
850                 struct swap_extent *se;
851
852                 se = list_entry(sis->extent_list.next,
853                                 struct swap_extent, list);
854                 list_del(&se->list);
855                 kfree(se);
856         }
857         sis->nr_extents = 0;
858 }
859
860 /*
861  * Add a block range (and the corresponding page range) into this swapdev's
862  * extent list.  The extent list is kept sorted in block order.
863  *
864  * This function rather assumes that it is called in ascending sector_t order.
865  * It doesn't look for extent coalescing opportunities.
866  */
867 static int
868 add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page,
869                 unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block)
870 {
871         struct swap_extent *se;
872         struct swap_extent *new_se;
873         struct list_head *lh;
874
875         lh = sis->extent_list.next;     /* The highest-addressed block */
876         while (lh != &sis->extent_list) {
877                 se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
878                 if (se->start_block + se->nr_pages == start_block &&
879                     se->start_page  + se->nr_pages == start_page) {
880                         /* Merge it */
881                         se->nr_pages += nr_pages;
882                         return 0;
883                 }
884                 lh = lh->next;
885         }
886
887         /*
888          * No merge.  Insert a new extent, preserving ordering.
889          */
890         new_se = kmalloc(sizeof(*se), GFP_KERNEL);
891         if (new_se == NULL)
892                 return -ENOMEM;
893         new_se->start_page = start_page;
894         new_se->nr_pages = nr_pages;
895         new_se->start_block = start_block;
896
897         lh = sis->extent_list.prev;     /* The lowest block */
898         while (lh != &sis->extent_list) {
899                 se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
900                 if (se->start_block > start_block)
901                         break;
902                 lh = lh->prev;
903         }
904         list_add_tail(&new_se->list, lh);
905         sis->nr_extents++;
906         return 0;
907 }
908
909 /*
910  * A `swap extent' is a simple thing which maps a contiguous range of pages
911  * onto a contiguous range of disk blocks.  An ordered list of swap extents
912  * is built at swapon time and is then used at swap_writepage/swap_readpage
913  * time for locating where on disk a page belongs.
914  *
915  * If the swapfile is an S_ISBLK block device, a single extent is installed.
916  * This is done so that the main operating code can treat S_ISBLK and S_ISREG
917  * swap files identically.
918  *
919  * Whether the swapdev is an S_ISREG file or an S_ISBLK blockdev, the swap
920  * extent list operates in PAGE_SIZE disk blocks.  Both S_ISREG and S_ISBLK
921  * swapfiles are handled *identically* after swapon time.
922  *
923  * For S_ISREG swapfiles, setup_swap_extents() will walk all the file's blocks
924  * and will parse them into an ordered extent list, in PAGE_SIZE chunks.  If
925  * some stray blocks are found which do not fall within the PAGE_SIZE alignment
926  * requirements, they are simply tossed out - we will never use those blocks
927  * for swapping.
928  *
929  * For S_ISREG swapfiles we set S_SWAPFILE across the life of the swapon.  This
930  * prevents root from shooting her foot off by ftruncating an in-use swapfile,
931  * which will scribble on the fs.
932  *
933  * The amount of disk space which a single swap extent represents varies.
934  * Typically it is in the 1-4 megabyte range.  So we can have hundreds of
935  * extents in the list.  To avoid much list walking, we cache the previous
936  * search location in `curr_swap_extent', and start new searches from there.
937  * This is extremely effective.  The average number of iterations in
938  * map_swap_page() has been measured at about 0.3 per page.  - akpm.
939  */
940 static int setup_swap_extents(struct swap_info_struct *sis)
941 {
942         struct inode *inode;
943         unsigned blocks_per_page;
944         unsigned long page_no;
945         unsigned blkbits;
946         sector_t probe_block;
947         sector_t last_block;
948         int ret;
949
950         inode = sis->swap_file->f_mapping->host;
951         if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
952                 ret = add_swap_extent(sis, 0, sis->max, 0);
953                 goto done;
954         }
955
956         blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
957         blocks_per_page = PAGE_SIZE >> blkbits;
958
959         /*
960          * Map all the blocks into the extent list.  This code doesn't try
961          * to be very smart.
962          */
963         probe_block = 0;
964         page_no = 0;
965         last_block = i_size_read(inode) >> blkbits;
966         while ((probe_block + blocks_per_page) <= last_block &&
967                         page_no < sis->max) {
968                 unsigned block_in_page;
969                 sector_t first_block;
970
971                 first_block = bmap(inode, probe_block);
972                 if (first_block == 0)
973                         goto bad_bmap;
974
975                 /*
976                  * It must be PAGE_SIZE aligned on-disk
977                  */
978                 if (first_block & (blocks_per_page - 1)) {
979                         probe_block++;
980                         goto reprobe;
981                 }
982
983                 for (block_in_page = 1; block_in_page < blocks_per_page;
984                                         block_in_page++) {
985                         sector_t block;
986
987                         block = bmap(inode, probe_block + block_in_page);
988                         if (block == 0)
989                                 goto bad_bmap;
990                         if (block != first_block + block_in_page) {
991                                 /* Discontiguity */
992                                 probe_block++;
993                                 goto reprobe;
994                         }
995                 }
996
997                 /*
998                  * We found a PAGE_SIZE-length, PAGE_SIZE-aligned run of blocks
999                  */
1000                 ret = add_swap_extent(sis, page_no, 1,
1001                                 first_block >> (PAGE_SHIFT - blkbits));
1002                 if (ret)
1003                         goto out;
1004                 page_no++;
1005                 probe_block += blocks_per_page;
1006 reprobe:
1007                 continue;
1008         }
1009         ret = 0;
1010         if (page_no == 0)
1011                 page_no = 1;    /* force Empty message */
1012         sis->max = page_no;
1013         sis->pages = page_no - 1;
1014         sis->highest_bit = page_no - 1;
1015 done:
1016         sis->curr_swap_extent = list_entry(sis->extent_list.prev,
1017                                         struct swap_extent, list);
1018         goto out;
1019 bad_bmap:
1020         printk(KERN_ERR "swapon: swapfile has holes\n");
1021         ret = -EINVAL;
1022 out:
1023         return ret;
1024 }
1025
1026 #if 0   /* We don't need this yet */
1027 #include <linux/backing-dev.h>
1028 int page_queue_congested(struct page *page)
1029 {
1030         struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
1031
1032         BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));      /* It pins the swap_info_struct */
1033
1034         if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
1035                 swp_entry_t entry = { .val = page->private };
1036                 struct swap_info_struct *sis;
1037
1038                 sis = get_swap_info_struct(swp_type(entry));
1039                 bdi = sis->bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->backing_dev_info;
1040         } else
1041                 bdi = page->mapping->backing_dev_info;
1042         return bdi_write_congested(bdi);
1043 }
1044 #endif
1045
1046 asmlinkage long sys_swapoff(const char __user * specialfile)
1047 {
1048         struct swap_info_struct * p = NULL;
1049         unsigned short *swap_map;
1050         struct file *swap_file, *victim;
1051         struct address_space *mapping;
1052         struct inode *inode;
1053         char * pathname;
1054         int i, type, prev;
1055         int err;
1056         
1057         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
1058                 return -EPERM;
1059
1060         pathname = getname(specialfile);
1061         err = PTR_ERR(pathname);
1062         if (IS_ERR(pathname))
1063                 goto out;
1064
1065         victim = filp_open(pathname, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
1066         putname(pathname);
1067         err = PTR_ERR(victim);
1068         if (IS_ERR(victim))
1069                 goto out;
1070
1071         mapping = victim->f_mapping;
1072         prev = -1;
1073         swap_list_lock();
1074         for (type = swap_list.head; type >= 0; type = swap_info[type].next) {
1075                 p = swap_info + type;
1076                 if ((p->flags & SWP_ACTIVE) == SWP_ACTIVE) {
1077                         if (p->swap_file->f_mapping == mapping)
1078                                 break;
1079                 }
1080                 prev = type;
1081         }
1082         if (type < 0) {
1083                 err = -EINVAL;
1084                 swap_list_unlock();
1085                 goto out_dput;
1086         }
1087         if (!security_vm_enough_memory(p->pages))
1088                 vm_unacct_memory(p->pages);
1089         else {
1090                 err = -ENOMEM;
1091                 swap_list_unlock();
1092                 goto out_dput;
1093         }
1094         if (prev < 0) {
1095                 swap_list.head = p->next;
1096         } else {
1097                 swap_info[prev].next = p->next;
1098         }
1099         if (type == swap_list.next) {
1100                 /* just pick something that's safe... */
1101                 swap_list.next = swap_list.head;
1102         }
1103         nr_swap_pages -= p->pages;
1104         total_swap_pages -= p->pages;
1105         p->flags &= ~SWP_WRITEOK;
1106         swap_list_unlock();
1107         current->flags |= PF_SWAPOFF;
1108         err = try_to_unuse(type);
1109         current->flags &= ~PF_SWAPOFF;
1110
1111         /* wait for any unplug function to finish */
1112         down_write(&swap_unplug_sem);
1113         up_write(&swap_unplug_sem);
1114
1115         if (err) {
1116                 /* re-insert swap space back into swap_list */
1117                 swap_list_lock();
1118                 for (prev = -1, i = swap_list.head; i >= 0; prev = i, i = swap_info[i].next)
1119                         if (p->prio >= swap_info[i].prio)
1120                                 break;
1121                 p->next = i;
1122                 if (prev < 0)
1123                         swap_list.head = swap_list.next = p - swap_info;
1124                 else
1125                         swap_info[prev].next = p - swap_info;
1126                 nr_swap_pages += p->pages;
1127                 total_swap_pages += p->pages;
1128                 p->flags |= SWP_WRITEOK;
1129                 swap_list_unlock();
1130                 goto out_dput;
1131         }
1132         down(&swapon_sem);
1133         swap_list_lock();
1134         drain_mmlist();
1135         swap_device_lock(p);
1136         swap_file = p->swap_file;
1137         p->swap_file = NULL;
1138         p->max = 0;
1139         swap_map = p->swap_map;
1140         p->swap_map = NULL;
1141         p->flags = 0;
1142         destroy_swap_extents(p);
1143         swap_device_unlock(p);
1144         swap_list_unlock();
1145         up(&swapon_sem);
1146         vfree(swap_map);
1147         inode = mapping->host;
1148         if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
1149                 struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
1150                 set_blocksize(bdev, p->old_block_size);
1151                 bd_release(bdev);
1152         } else {
1153                 down(&inode->i_sem);
1154                 inode->i_flags &= ~S_SWAPFILE;
1155                 up(&inode->i_sem);
1156         }
1157         filp_close(swap_file, NULL);
1158         err = 0;
1159
1160 out_dput:
1161         filp_close(victim, NULL);
1162 out:
1163         return err;
1164 }
1165
1166 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
1167 /* iterator */
1168 static void *swap_start(struct seq_file *swap, loff_t *pos)
1169 {
1170         struct swap_info_struct *ptr = swap_info;
1171         int i;
1172         loff_t l = *pos;
1173
1174         down(&swapon_sem);
1175
1176         for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++, ptr++) {
1177                 if (!(ptr->flags & SWP_USED) || !ptr->swap_map)
1178                         continue;
1179                 if (!l--)
1180                         return ptr;
1181         }
1182
1183         return NULL;
1184 }
1185
1186 static void *swap_next(struct seq_file *swap, void *v, loff_t *pos)
1187 {
1188         struct swap_info_struct *ptr = v;
1189         struct swap_info_struct *endptr = swap_info + nr_swapfiles;
1190
1191         for (++ptr; ptr < endptr; ptr++) {
1192                 if (!(ptr->flags & SWP_USED) || !ptr->swap_map)
1193                         continue;
1194                 ++*pos;
1195                 return ptr;
1196         }
1197
1198         return NULL;
1199 }
1200
1201 static void swap_stop(struct seq_file *swap, void *v)
1202 {
1203         up(&swapon_sem);
1204 }
1205
1206 static int swap_show(struct seq_file *swap, void *v)
1207 {
1208         struct swap_info_struct *ptr = v;
1209         struct file *file;
1210         int len;
1211
1212         if (v == swap_info)
1213                 seq_puts(swap, "Filename\t\t\t\tType\t\tSize\tUsed\tPriority\n");
1214
1215         file = ptr->swap_file;
1216         len = seq_path(swap, file->f_vfsmnt, file->f_dentry, " \t\n\\");
1217         seq_printf(swap, "%*s%s\t%d\t%ld\t%d\n",
1218                        len < 40 ? 40 - len : 1, " ",
1219                        S_ISBLK(file->f_dentry->d_inode->i_mode) ?
1220                                 "partition" : "file\t",
1221                        ptr->pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
1222                        ptr->inuse_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
1223                        ptr->prio);
1224         return 0;
1225 }
1226
1227 static struct seq_operations swaps_op = {
1228         .start =        swap_start,
1229         .next =         swap_next,
1230         .stop =         swap_stop,
1231         .show =         swap_show
1232 };
1233
1234 static int swaps_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
1235 {
1236         return seq_open(file, &swaps_op);
1237 }
1238
1239 static struct file_operations proc_swaps_operations = {
1240         .open           = swaps_open,
1241         .read           = seq_read,
1242         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
1243         .release        = seq_release,
1244 };
1245
1246 static int __init procswaps_init(void)
1247 {
1248         struct proc_dir_entry *entry;
1249
1250         entry = create_proc_entry("swaps", 0, NULL);
1251         if (entry)
1252                 entry->proc_fops = &proc_swaps_operations;
1253         return 0;
1254 }
1255 __initcall(procswaps_init);
1256 #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
1257
1258 /*
1259  * Written 01/25/92 by Simmule Turner, heavily changed by Linus.
1260  *
1261  * The swapon system call
1262  */
1263 asmlinkage long sys_swapon(const char __user * specialfile, int swap_flags)
1264 {
1265         struct swap_info_struct * p;
1266         char *name = NULL;
1267         struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
1268         struct file *swap_file = NULL;
1269         struct address_space *mapping;
1270         unsigned int type;
1271         int i, prev;
1272         int error;
1273         static int least_priority;
1274         union swap_header *swap_header = NULL;
1275         int swap_header_version;
1276         int nr_good_pages = 0;
1277         unsigned long maxpages = 1;
1278         int swapfilesize;
1279         unsigned short *swap_map;
1280         struct page *page = NULL;
1281         struct inode *inode = NULL;
1282         int did_down = 0;
1283
1284         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
1285                 return -EPERM;
1286         swap_list_lock();
1287         p = swap_info;
1288         for (type = 0 ; type < nr_swapfiles ; type++,p++)
1289                 if (!(p->flags & SWP_USED))
1290                         break;
1291         error = -EPERM;
1292         /*
1293          * Test if adding another swap device is possible. There are
1294          * two limiting factors: 1) the number of bits for the swap
1295          * type swp_entry_t definition and 2) the number of bits for
1296          * the swap type in the swap ptes as defined by the different
1297          * architectures. To honor both limitations a swap entry
1298          * with swap offset 0 and swap type ~0UL is created, encoded
1299          * to a swap pte, decoded to a swp_entry_t again and finally
1300          * the swap type part is extracted. This will mask all bits
1301          * from the initial ~0UL that can't be encoded in either the
1302          * swp_entry_t or the architecture definition of a swap pte.
1303          */
1304         if (type > swp_type(pte_to_swp_entry(swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry(~0UL,0))))) {
1305                 swap_list_unlock();
1306                 goto out;
1307         }
1308         if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
1309                 nr_swapfiles = type+1;
1310         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->extent_list);
1311         p->flags = SWP_USED;
1312         p->nr_extents = 0;
1313         p->swap_file = NULL;
1314         p->old_block_size = 0;
1315         p->swap_map = NULL;
1316         p->lowest_bit = 0;
1317         p->highest_bit = 0;
1318         p->cluster_nr = 0;
1319         p->inuse_pages = 0;
1320         spin_lock_init(&p->sdev_lock);
1321         p->next = -1;
1322         if (swap_flags & SWAP_FLAG_PREFER) {
1323                 p->prio =
1324                   (swap_flags & SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK)>>SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT;
1325         } else {
1326                 p->prio = --least_priority;
1327         }
1328         swap_list_unlock();
1329         name = getname(specialfile);
1330         error = PTR_ERR(name);
1331         if (IS_ERR(name)) {
1332                 name = NULL;
1333                 goto bad_swap_2;
1334         }
1335         swap_file = filp_open(name, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
1336         error = PTR_ERR(swap_file);
1337         if (IS_ERR(swap_file)) {
1338                 swap_file = NULL;
1339                 goto bad_swap_2;
1340         }
1341
1342         p->swap_file = swap_file;
1343         mapping = swap_file->f_mapping;
1344         inode = mapping->host;
1345
1346         error = -EBUSY;
1347         for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++) {
1348                 struct swap_info_struct *q = &swap_info[i];
1349
1350                 if (i == type || !q->swap_file)
1351                         continue;
1352                 if (mapping == q->swap_file->f_mapping)
1353                         goto bad_swap;
1354         }
1355
1356         error = -EINVAL;
1357         if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
1358                 bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
1359                 error = bd_claim(bdev, sys_swapon);
1360                 if (error < 0) {
1361                         bdev = NULL;
1362                         goto bad_swap;
1363                 }
1364                 p->old_block_size = block_size(bdev);
1365                 error = set_blocksize(bdev, PAGE_SIZE);
1366                 if (error < 0)
1367                         goto bad_swap;
1368                 p->bdev = bdev;
1369         } else if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) {
1370                 p->bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
1371                 down(&inode->i_sem);
1372                 did_down = 1;
1373                 if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) {
1374                         error = -EBUSY;
1375                         goto bad_swap;
1376                 }
1377         } else {
1378                 goto bad_swap;
1379         }
1380
1381         swapfilesize = i_size_read(inode) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
1382
1383         /*
1384          * Read the swap header.
1385          */
1386         if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage) {
1387                 error = -EINVAL;
1388                 goto bad_swap;
1389         }
1390         page = read_cache_page(mapping, 0,
1391                         (filler_t *)mapping->a_ops->readpage, swap_file);
1392         if (IS_ERR(page)) {
1393                 error = PTR_ERR(page);
1394                 goto bad_swap;
1395         }
1396         wait_on_page_locked(page);
1397         if (!PageUptodate(page))
1398                 goto bad_swap;
1399         kmap(page);
1400         swap_header = page_address(page);
1401
1402         if (!memcmp("SWAP-SPACE",swap_header->magic.magic,10))
1403                 swap_header_version = 1;
1404         else if (!memcmp("SWAPSPACE2",swap_header->magic.magic,10))
1405                 swap_header_version = 2;
1406         else {
1407                 printk("Unable to find swap-space signature\n");
1408                 error = -EINVAL;
1409                 goto bad_swap;
1410         }
1411         
1412         switch (swap_header_version) {
1413         case 1:
1414                 printk(KERN_ERR "version 0 swap is no longer supported. "
1415                         "Use mkswap -v1 %s\n", name);
1416                 error = -EINVAL;
1417                 goto bad_swap;
1418         case 2:
1419                 /* Check the swap header's sub-version and the size of
1420                    the swap file and bad block lists */
1421                 if (swap_header->info.version != 1) {
1422                         printk(KERN_WARNING
1423                                "Unable to handle swap header version %d\n",
1424                                swap_header->info.version);
1425                         error = -EINVAL;
1426                         goto bad_swap;
1427                 }
1428
1429                 p->lowest_bit  = 1;
1430                 /*
1431                  * Find out how many pages are allowed for a single swap
1432                  * device. There are two limiting factors: 1) the number of
1433                  * bits for the swap offset in the swp_entry_t type and
1434                  * 2) the number of bits in the a swap pte as defined by
1435                  * the different architectures. In order to find the
1436                  * largest possible bit mask a swap entry with swap type 0
1437                  * and swap offset ~0UL is created, encoded to a swap pte,
1438                  * decoded to a swp_entry_t again and finally the swap
1439                  * offset is extracted. This will mask all the bits from
1440                  * the initial ~0UL mask that can't be encoded in either
1441                  * the swp_entry_t or the architecture definition of a
1442                  * swap pte.
1443                  */
1444                 maxpages = swp_offset(pte_to_swp_entry(swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry(0,~0UL)))) - 1;
1445                 if (maxpages > swap_header->info.last_page)
1446                         maxpages = swap_header->info.last_page;
1447                 p->highest_bit = maxpages - 1;
1448
1449                 error = -EINVAL;
1450                 if (!maxpages)
1451                         goto bad_swap;
1452                 if (swap_header->info.nr_badpages && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
1453                         goto bad_swap;
1454                 if (swap_header->info.nr_badpages > MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES)
1455                         goto bad_swap;
1456                 
1457                 /* OK, set up the swap map and apply the bad block list */
1458                 if (!(p->swap_map = vmalloc(maxpages * sizeof(short)))) {
1459                         error = -ENOMEM;
1460                         goto bad_swap;
1461                 }
1462
1463                 error = 0;
1464                 memset(p->swap_map, 0, maxpages * sizeof(short));
1465                 for (i=0; i<swap_header->info.nr_badpages; i++) {
1466                         int page = swap_header->info.badpages[i];
1467                         if (page <= 0 || page >= swap_header->info.last_page)
1468                                 error = -EINVAL;
1469                         else
1470                                 p->swap_map[page] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
1471                 }
1472                 nr_good_pages = swap_header->info.last_page -
1473                                 swap_header->info.nr_badpages -
1474                                 1 /* header page */;
1475                 if (error) 
1476                         goto bad_swap;
1477         }
1478
1479         if (swapfilesize && maxpages > swapfilesize) {
1480                 printk(KERN_WARNING
1481                        "Swap area shorter than signature indicates\n");
1482                 error = -EINVAL;
1483                 goto bad_swap;
1484         }
1485         if (nr_good_pages) {
1486                 p->swap_map[0] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
1487                 p->max = maxpages;
1488                 p->pages = nr_good_pages;
1489                 error = setup_swap_extents(p);
1490                 if (error)
1491                         goto bad_swap;
1492                 nr_good_pages = p->pages;
1493         }
1494         if (!nr_good_pages) {
1495                 printk(KERN_WARNING "Empty swap-file\n");
1496                 error = -EINVAL;
1497                 goto bad_swap;
1498         }
1499
1500         down(&swapon_sem);
1501         swap_list_lock();
1502         swap_device_lock(p);
1503         p->flags = SWP_ACTIVE;
1504         nr_swap_pages += nr_good_pages;
1505         total_swap_pages += nr_good_pages;
1506         printk(KERN_INFO "Adding %dk swap on %s.  Priority:%d extents:%d\n",
1507                 nr_good_pages<<(PAGE_SHIFT-10), name,
1508                 p->prio, p->nr_extents);
1509
1510         /* insert swap space into swap_list: */
1511         prev = -1;
1512         for (i = swap_list.head; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i].next) {
1513                 if (p->prio >= swap_info[i].prio) {
1514                         break;
1515                 }
1516                 prev = i;
1517         }
1518         p->next = i;
1519         if (prev < 0) {
1520                 swap_list.head = swap_list.next = p - swap_info;
1521         } else {
1522                 swap_info[prev].next = p - swap_info;
1523         }
1524         swap_device_unlock(p);
1525         swap_list_unlock();
1526         up(&swapon_sem);
1527         error = 0;
1528         goto out;
1529 bad_swap:
1530         if (bdev) {
1531                 set_blocksize(bdev, p->old_block_size);
1532                 bd_release(bdev);
1533         }
1534 bad_swap_2:
1535         swap_list_lock();
1536         swap_map = p->swap_map;
1537         p->swap_file = NULL;
1538         p->swap_map = NULL;
1539         p->flags = 0;
1540         if (!(swap_flags & SWAP_FLAG_PREFER))
1541                 ++least_priority;
1542         swap_list_unlock();
1543         destroy_swap_extents(p);
1544         vfree(swap_map);
1545         if (swap_file)
1546                 filp_close(swap_file, NULL);
1547 out:
1548         if (page && !IS_ERR(page)) {
1549                 kunmap(page);
1550                 page_cache_release(page);
1551         }
1552         if (name)
1553                 putname(name);
1554         if (did_down) {
1555                 if (!error)
1556                         inode->i_flags |= S_SWAPFILE;
1557                 up(&inode->i_sem);
1558         }
1559         return error;
1560 }
1561
1562 void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *val)
1563 {
1564         unsigned int i;
1565         unsigned long nr_to_be_unused = 0;
1566
1567         swap_list_lock();
1568         for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++) {
1569                 if (!(swap_info[i].flags & SWP_USED) ||
1570                      (swap_info[i].flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
1571                         continue;
1572                 nr_to_be_unused += swap_info[i].inuse_pages;
1573         }
1574         val->freeswap = nr_swap_pages + nr_to_be_unused;
1575         val->totalswap = total_swap_pages + nr_to_be_unused;
1576         swap_list_unlock();
1577 }
1578
1579 /*
1580  * Verify that a swap entry is valid and increment its swap map count.
1581  *
1582  * Note: if swap_map[] reaches SWAP_MAP_MAX the entries are treated as
1583  * "permanent", but will be reclaimed by the next swapoff.
1584  */
1585 int swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t entry)
1586 {
1587         struct swap_info_struct * p;
1588         unsigned long offset, type;
1589         int result = 0;
1590
1591         type = swp_type(entry);
1592         if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
1593                 goto bad_file;
1594         p = type + swap_info;
1595         offset = swp_offset(entry);
1596
1597         swap_device_lock(p);
1598         if (offset < p->max && p->swap_map[offset]) {
1599                 if (p->swap_map[offset] < SWAP_MAP_MAX - 1) {
1600                         p->swap_map[offset]++;
1601                         result = 1;
1602                 } else if (p->swap_map[offset] <= SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
1603                         if (swap_overflow++ < 5)
1604                                 printk(KERN_WARNING "swap_dup: swap entry overflow\n");
1605                         p->swap_map[offset] = SWAP_MAP_MAX;
1606                         result = 1;
1607                 }
1608         }
1609         swap_device_unlock(p);
1610 out:
1611         return result;
1612
1613 bad_file:
1614         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_dup: %s%08lx\n", Bad_file, entry.val);
1615         goto out;
1616 }
1617
1618 struct swap_info_struct *
1619 get_swap_info_struct(unsigned type)
1620 {
1621         return &swap_info[type];
1622 }
1623
1624 /*
1625  * swap_device_lock prevents swap_map being freed. Don't grab an extra
1626  * reference on the swaphandle, it doesn't matter if it becomes unused.
1627  */
1628 int valid_swaphandles(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned long *offset)
1629 {
1630         int ret = 0, i = 1 << page_cluster;
1631         unsigned long toff;
1632         struct swap_info_struct *swapdev = swp_type(entry) + swap_info;
1633
1634         if (!page_cluster)      /* no readahead */
1635                 return 0;
1636         toff = (swp_offset(entry) >> page_cluster) << page_cluster;
1637         if (!toff)              /* first page is swap header */
1638                 toff++, i--;
1639         *offset = toff;
1640
1641         swap_device_lock(swapdev);
1642         do {
1643                 /* Don't read-ahead past the end of the swap area */
1644                 if (toff >= swapdev->max)
1645                         break;
1646                 /* Don't read in free or bad pages */
1647                 if (!swapdev->swap_map[toff])
1648                         break;
1649                 if (swapdev->swap_map[toff] == SWAP_MAP_BAD)
1650                         break;
1651                 toff++;
1652                 ret++;
1653         } while (--i);
1654         swap_device_unlock(swapdev);
1655         return ret;
1656 }