swap_info: swap_map of chars not shorts
[linux-2.6.git] / mm / swapfile.c
1 /*
2  *  linux/mm/swapfile.c
3  *
4  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994  Linus Torvalds
5  *  Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie
6  */
7
8 #include <linux/mm.h>
9 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
10 #include <linux/mman.h>
11 #include <linux/slab.h>
12 #include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
13 #include <linux/swap.h>
14 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
15 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
16 #include <linux/namei.h>
17 #include <linux/shm.h>
18 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
19 #include <linux/random.h>
20 #include <linux/writeback.h>
21 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
22 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
23 #include <linux/init.h>
24 #include <linux/module.h>
25 #include <linux/rmap.h>
26 #include <linux/security.h>
27 #include <linux/backing-dev.h>
28 #include <linux/mutex.h>
29 #include <linux/capability.h>
30 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
31 #include <linux/memcontrol.h>
32
33 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
34 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
35 #include <linux/swapops.h>
36 #include <linux/page_cgroup.h>
37
38 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(swap_lock);
39 static unsigned int nr_swapfiles;
40 long nr_swap_pages;
41 long total_swap_pages;
42 static int swap_overflow;
43 static int least_priority;
44
45 static const char Bad_file[] = "Bad swap file entry ";
46 static const char Unused_file[] = "Unused swap file entry ";
47 static const char Bad_offset[] = "Bad swap offset entry ";
48 static const char Unused_offset[] = "Unused swap offset entry ";
49
50 static struct swap_list_t swap_list = {-1, -1};
51
52 static struct swap_info_struct *swap_info[MAX_SWAPFILES];
53
54 static DEFINE_MUTEX(swapon_mutex);
55
56 static inline unsigned char swap_count(unsigned char ent)
57 {
58         return ent & ~SWAP_HAS_CACHE;
59 }
60
61 /* returns 1 if swap entry is freed */
62 static int
63 __try_to_reclaim_swap(struct swap_info_struct *si, unsigned long offset)
64 {
65         swp_entry_t entry = swp_entry(si->type, offset);
66         struct page *page;
67         int ret = 0;
68
69         page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
70         if (!page)
71                 return 0;
72         /*
73          * This function is called from scan_swap_map() and it's called
74          * by vmscan.c at reclaiming pages. So, we hold a lock on a page, here.
75          * We have to use trylock for avoiding deadlock. This is a special
76          * case and you should use try_to_free_swap() with explicit lock_page()
77          * in usual operations.
78          */
79         if (trylock_page(page)) {
80                 ret = try_to_free_swap(page);
81                 unlock_page(page);
82         }
83         page_cache_release(page);
84         return ret;
85 }
86
87 /*
88  * We need this because the bdev->unplug_fn can sleep and we cannot
89  * hold swap_lock while calling the unplug_fn. And swap_lock
90  * cannot be turned into a mutex.
91  */
92 static DECLARE_RWSEM(swap_unplug_sem);
93
94 void swap_unplug_io_fn(struct backing_dev_info *unused_bdi, struct page *page)
95 {
96         swp_entry_t entry;
97
98         down_read(&swap_unplug_sem);
99         entry.val = page_private(page);
100         if (PageSwapCache(page)) {
101                 struct block_device *bdev = swap_info[swp_type(entry)]->bdev;
102                 struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
103
104                 /*
105                  * If the page is removed from swapcache from under us (with a
106                  * racy try_to_unuse/swapoff) we need an additional reference
107                  * count to avoid reading garbage from page_private(page) above.
108                  * If the WARN_ON triggers during a swapoff it maybe the race
109                  * condition and it's harmless. However if it triggers without
110                  * swapoff it signals a problem.
111                  */
112                 WARN_ON(page_count(page) <= 1);
113
114                 bdi = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->backing_dev_info;
115                 blk_run_backing_dev(bdi, page);
116         }
117         up_read(&swap_unplug_sem);
118 }
119
120 /*
121  * swapon tell device that all the old swap contents can be discarded,
122  * to allow the swap device to optimize its wear-levelling.
123  */
124 static int discard_swap(struct swap_info_struct *si)
125 {
126         struct swap_extent *se;
127         sector_t start_block;
128         sector_t nr_blocks;
129         int err = 0;
130
131         /* Do not discard the swap header page! */
132         se = &si->first_swap_extent;
133         start_block = (se->start_block + 1) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
134         nr_blocks = ((sector_t)se->nr_pages - 1) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
135         if (nr_blocks) {
136                 err = blkdev_issue_discard(si->bdev, start_block,
137                                 nr_blocks, GFP_KERNEL, DISCARD_FL_BARRIER);
138                 if (err)
139                         return err;
140                 cond_resched();
141         }
142
143         list_for_each_entry(se, &si->first_swap_extent.list, list) {
144                 start_block = se->start_block << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
145                 nr_blocks = (sector_t)se->nr_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 9);
146
147                 err = blkdev_issue_discard(si->bdev, start_block,
148                                 nr_blocks, GFP_KERNEL, DISCARD_FL_BARRIER);
149                 if (err)
150                         break;
151
152                 cond_resched();
153         }
154         return err;             /* That will often be -EOPNOTSUPP */
155 }
156
157 /*
158  * swap allocation tell device that a cluster of swap can now be discarded,
159  * to allow the swap device to optimize its wear-levelling.
160  */
161 static void discard_swap_cluster(struct swap_info_struct *si,
162                                  pgoff_t start_page, pgoff_t nr_pages)
163 {
164         struct swap_extent *se = si->curr_swap_extent;
165         int found_extent = 0;
166
167         while (nr_pages) {
168                 struct list_head *lh;
169
170                 if (se->start_page <= start_page &&
171                     start_page < se->start_page + se->nr_pages) {
172                         pgoff_t offset = start_page - se->start_page;
173                         sector_t start_block = se->start_block + offset;
174                         sector_t nr_blocks = se->nr_pages - offset;
175
176                         if (nr_blocks > nr_pages)
177                                 nr_blocks = nr_pages;
178                         start_page += nr_blocks;
179                         nr_pages -= nr_blocks;
180
181                         if (!found_extent++)
182                                 si->curr_swap_extent = se;
183
184                         start_block <<= PAGE_SHIFT - 9;
185                         nr_blocks <<= PAGE_SHIFT - 9;
186                         if (blkdev_issue_discard(si->bdev, start_block,
187                                     nr_blocks, GFP_NOIO, DISCARD_FL_BARRIER))
188                                 break;
189                 }
190
191                 lh = se->list.next;
192                 se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
193         }
194 }
195
196 static int wait_for_discard(void *word)
197 {
198         schedule();
199         return 0;
200 }
201
202 #define SWAPFILE_CLUSTER        256
203 #define LATENCY_LIMIT           256
204
205 static inline unsigned long scan_swap_map(struct swap_info_struct *si,
206                                           unsigned char usage)
207 {
208         unsigned long offset;
209         unsigned long scan_base;
210         unsigned long last_in_cluster = 0;
211         int latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
212         int found_free_cluster = 0;
213
214         /*
215          * We try to cluster swap pages by allocating them sequentially
216          * in swap.  Once we've allocated SWAPFILE_CLUSTER pages this
217          * way, however, we resort to first-free allocation, starting
218          * a new cluster.  This prevents us from scattering swap pages
219          * all over the entire swap partition, so that we reduce
220          * overall disk seek times between swap pages.  -- sct
221          * But we do now try to find an empty cluster.  -Andrea
222          * And we let swap pages go all over an SSD partition.  Hugh
223          */
224
225         si->flags += SWP_SCANNING;
226         scan_base = offset = si->cluster_next;
227
228         if (unlikely(!si->cluster_nr--)) {
229                 if (si->pages - si->inuse_pages < SWAPFILE_CLUSTER) {
230                         si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
231                         goto checks;
232                 }
233                 if (si->flags & SWP_DISCARDABLE) {
234                         /*
235                          * Start range check on racing allocations, in case
236                          * they overlap the cluster we eventually decide on
237                          * (we scan without swap_lock to allow preemption).
238                          * It's hardly conceivable that cluster_nr could be
239                          * wrapped during our scan, but don't depend on it.
240                          */
241                         if (si->lowest_alloc)
242                                 goto checks;
243                         si->lowest_alloc = si->max;
244                         si->highest_alloc = 0;
245                 }
246                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
247
248                 /*
249                  * If seek is expensive, start searching for new cluster from
250                  * start of partition, to minimize the span of allocated swap.
251                  * But if seek is cheap, search from our current position, so
252                  * that swap is allocated from all over the partition: if the
253                  * Flash Translation Layer only remaps within limited zones,
254                  * we don't want to wear out the first zone too quickly.
255                  */
256                 if (!(si->flags & SWP_SOLIDSTATE))
257                         scan_base = offset = si->lowest_bit;
258                 last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
259
260                 /* Locate the first empty (unaligned) cluster */
261                 for (; last_in_cluster <= si->highest_bit; offset++) {
262                         if (si->swap_map[offset])
263                                 last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER;
264                         else if (offset == last_in_cluster) {
265                                 spin_lock(&swap_lock);
266                                 offset -= SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
267                                 si->cluster_next = offset;
268                                 si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
269                                 found_free_cluster = 1;
270                                 goto checks;
271                         }
272                         if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
273                                 cond_resched();
274                                 latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
275                         }
276                 }
277
278                 offset = si->lowest_bit;
279                 last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
280
281                 /* Locate the first empty (unaligned) cluster */
282                 for (; last_in_cluster < scan_base; offset++) {
283                         if (si->swap_map[offset])
284                                 last_in_cluster = offset + SWAPFILE_CLUSTER;
285                         else if (offset == last_in_cluster) {
286                                 spin_lock(&swap_lock);
287                                 offset -= SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
288                                 si->cluster_next = offset;
289                                 si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
290                                 found_free_cluster = 1;
291                                 goto checks;
292                         }
293                         if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
294                                 cond_resched();
295                                 latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
296                         }
297                 }
298
299                 offset = scan_base;
300                 spin_lock(&swap_lock);
301                 si->cluster_nr = SWAPFILE_CLUSTER - 1;
302                 si->lowest_alloc = 0;
303         }
304
305 checks:
306         if (!(si->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
307                 goto no_page;
308         if (!si->highest_bit)
309                 goto no_page;
310         if (offset > si->highest_bit)
311                 scan_base = offset = si->lowest_bit;
312
313         /* reuse swap entry of cache-only swap if not busy. */
314         if (vm_swap_full() && si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
315                 int swap_was_freed;
316                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
317                 swap_was_freed = __try_to_reclaim_swap(si, offset);
318                 spin_lock(&swap_lock);
319                 /* entry was freed successfully, try to use this again */
320                 if (swap_was_freed)
321                         goto checks;
322                 goto scan; /* check next one */
323         }
324
325         if (si->swap_map[offset])
326                 goto scan;
327
328         if (offset == si->lowest_bit)
329                 si->lowest_bit++;
330         if (offset == si->highest_bit)
331                 si->highest_bit--;
332         si->inuse_pages++;
333         if (si->inuse_pages == si->pages) {
334                 si->lowest_bit = si->max;
335                 si->highest_bit = 0;
336         }
337         si->swap_map[offset] = usage;
338         si->cluster_next = offset + 1;
339         si->flags -= SWP_SCANNING;
340
341         if (si->lowest_alloc) {
342                 /*
343                  * Only set when SWP_DISCARDABLE, and there's a scan
344                  * for a free cluster in progress or just completed.
345                  */
346                 if (found_free_cluster) {
347                         /*
348                          * To optimize wear-levelling, discard the
349                          * old data of the cluster, taking care not to
350                          * discard any of its pages that have already
351                          * been allocated by racing tasks (offset has
352                          * already stepped over any at the beginning).
353                          */
354                         if (offset < si->highest_alloc &&
355                             si->lowest_alloc <= last_in_cluster)
356                                 last_in_cluster = si->lowest_alloc - 1;
357                         si->flags |= SWP_DISCARDING;
358                         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
359
360                         if (offset < last_in_cluster)
361                                 discard_swap_cluster(si, offset,
362                                         last_in_cluster - offset + 1);
363
364                         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
365                         si->lowest_alloc = 0;
366                         si->flags &= ~SWP_DISCARDING;
367
368                         smp_mb();       /* wake_up_bit advises this */
369                         wake_up_bit(&si->flags, ilog2(SWP_DISCARDING));
370
371                 } else if (si->flags & SWP_DISCARDING) {
372                         /*
373                          * Delay using pages allocated by racing tasks
374                          * until the whole discard has been issued. We
375                          * could defer that delay until swap_writepage,
376                          * but it's easier to keep this self-contained.
377                          */
378                         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
379                         wait_on_bit(&si->flags, ilog2(SWP_DISCARDING),
380                                 wait_for_discard, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
381                         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
382                 } else {
383                         /*
384                          * Note pages allocated by racing tasks while
385                          * scan for a free cluster is in progress, so
386                          * that its final discard can exclude them.
387                          */
388                         if (offset < si->lowest_alloc)
389                                 si->lowest_alloc = offset;
390                         if (offset > si->highest_alloc)
391                                 si->highest_alloc = offset;
392                 }
393         }
394         return offset;
395
396 scan:
397         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
398         while (++offset <= si->highest_bit) {
399                 if (!si->swap_map[offset]) {
400                         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
401                         goto checks;
402                 }
403                 if (vm_swap_full() && si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
404                         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
405                         goto checks;
406                 }
407                 if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
408                         cond_resched();
409                         latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
410                 }
411         }
412         offset = si->lowest_bit;
413         while (++offset < scan_base) {
414                 if (!si->swap_map[offset]) {
415                         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
416                         goto checks;
417                 }
418                 if (vm_swap_full() && si->swap_map[offset] == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
419                         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
420                         goto checks;
421                 }
422                 if (unlikely(--latency_ration < 0)) {
423                         cond_resched();
424                         latency_ration = LATENCY_LIMIT;
425                 }
426         }
427         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
428
429 no_page:
430         si->flags -= SWP_SCANNING;
431         return 0;
432 }
433
434 swp_entry_t get_swap_page(void)
435 {
436         struct swap_info_struct *si;
437         pgoff_t offset;
438         int type, next;
439         int wrapped = 0;
440
441         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
442         if (nr_swap_pages <= 0)
443                 goto noswap;
444         nr_swap_pages--;
445
446         for (type = swap_list.next; type >= 0 && wrapped < 2; type = next) {
447                 si = swap_info[type];
448                 next = si->next;
449                 if (next < 0 ||
450                     (!wrapped && si->prio != swap_info[next]->prio)) {
451                         next = swap_list.head;
452                         wrapped++;
453                 }
454
455                 if (!si->highest_bit)
456                         continue;
457                 if (!(si->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
458                         continue;
459
460                 swap_list.next = next;
461                 /* This is called for allocating swap entry for cache */
462                 offset = scan_swap_map(si, SWAP_HAS_CACHE);
463                 if (offset) {
464                         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
465                         return swp_entry(type, offset);
466                 }
467                 next = swap_list.next;
468         }
469
470         nr_swap_pages++;
471 noswap:
472         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
473         return (swp_entry_t) {0};
474 }
475
476 /* The only caller of this function is now susupend routine */
477 swp_entry_t get_swap_page_of_type(int type)
478 {
479         struct swap_info_struct *si;
480         pgoff_t offset;
481
482         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
483         si = swap_info[type];
484         if (si && (si->flags & SWP_WRITEOK)) {
485                 nr_swap_pages--;
486                 /* This is called for allocating swap entry, not cache */
487                 offset = scan_swap_map(si, 1);
488                 if (offset) {
489                         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
490                         return swp_entry(type, offset);
491                 }
492                 nr_swap_pages++;
493         }
494         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
495         return (swp_entry_t) {0};
496 }
497
498 static struct swap_info_struct *swap_info_get(swp_entry_t entry)
499 {
500         struct swap_info_struct *p;
501         unsigned long offset, type;
502
503         if (!entry.val)
504                 goto out;
505         type = swp_type(entry);
506         if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
507                 goto bad_nofile;
508         p = swap_info[type];
509         if (!(p->flags & SWP_USED))
510                 goto bad_device;
511         offset = swp_offset(entry);
512         if (offset >= p->max)
513                 goto bad_offset;
514         if (!p->swap_map[offset])
515                 goto bad_free;
516         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
517         return p;
518
519 bad_free:
520         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Unused_offset, entry.val);
521         goto out;
522 bad_offset:
523         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Bad_offset, entry.val);
524         goto out;
525 bad_device:
526         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Unused_file, entry.val);
527         goto out;
528 bad_nofile:
529         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_free: %s%08lx\n", Bad_file, entry.val);
530 out:
531         return NULL;
532 }
533
534 static unsigned char swap_entry_free(struct swap_info_struct *p,
535                                      swp_entry_t entry, unsigned char usage)
536 {
537         unsigned long offset = swp_offset(entry);
538         unsigned char count;
539         unsigned char has_cache;
540
541         count = p->swap_map[offset];
542         has_cache = count & SWAP_HAS_CACHE;
543         count &= ~SWAP_HAS_CACHE;
544
545         if (usage == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
546                 VM_BUG_ON(!has_cache);
547                 has_cache = 0;
548         } else if (count < SWAP_MAP_MAX)
549                 count--;
550
551         if (!count)
552                 mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(entry);
553
554         usage = count | has_cache;
555         p->swap_map[offset] = usage;
556
557         /* free if no reference */
558         if (!usage) {
559                 if (offset < p->lowest_bit)
560                         p->lowest_bit = offset;
561                 if (offset > p->highest_bit)
562                         p->highest_bit = offset;
563                 if (swap_list.next >= 0 &&
564                     p->prio > swap_info[swap_list.next]->prio)
565                         swap_list.next = p->type;
566                 nr_swap_pages++;
567                 p->inuse_pages--;
568         }
569
570         return usage;
571 }
572
573 /*
574  * Caller has made sure that the swapdevice corresponding to entry
575  * is still around or has not been recycled.
576  */
577 void swap_free(swp_entry_t entry)
578 {
579         struct swap_info_struct *p;
580
581         p = swap_info_get(entry);
582         if (p) {
583                 swap_entry_free(p, entry, 1);
584                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
585         }
586 }
587
588 /*
589  * Called after dropping swapcache to decrease refcnt to swap entries.
590  */
591 void swapcache_free(swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
592 {
593         struct swap_info_struct *p;
594         unsigned char count;
595
596         p = swap_info_get(entry);
597         if (p) {
598                 count = swap_entry_free(p, entry, SWAP_HAS_CACHE);
599                 if (page)
600                         mem_cgroup_uncharge_swapcache(page, entry, count != 0);
601                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
602         }
603 }
604
605 /*
606  * How many references to page are currently swapped out?
607  */
608 static inline int page_swapcount(struct page *page)
609 {
610         int count = 0;
611         struct swap_info_struct *p;
612         swp_entry_t entry;
613
614         entry.val = page_private(page);
615         p = swap_info_get(entry);
616         if (p) {
617                 count = swap_count(p->swap_map[swp_offset(entry)]);
618                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
619         }
620         return count;
621 }
622
623 /*
624  * We can write to an anon page without COW if there are no other references
625  * to it.  And as a side-effect, free up its swap: because the old content
626  * on disk will never be read, and seeking back there to write new content
627  * later would only waste time away from clustering.
628  */
629 int reuse_swap_page(struct page *page)
630 {
631         int count;
632
633         VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
634         count = page_mapcount(page);
635         if (count <= 1 && PageSwapCache(page)) {
636                 count += page_swapcount(page);
637                 if (count == 1 && !PageWriteback(page)) {
638                         delete_from_swap_cache(page);
639                         SetPageDirty(page);
640                 }
641         }
642         return count == 1;
643 }
644
645 /*
646  * If swap is getting full, or if there are no more mappings of this page,
647  * then try_to_free_swap is called to free its swap space.
648  */
649 int try_to_free_swap(struct page *page)
650 {
651         VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
652
653         if (!PageSwapCache(page))
654                 return 0;
655         if (PageWriteback(page))
656                 return 0;
657         if (page_swapcount(page))
658                 return 0;
659
660         delete_from_swap_cache(page);
661         SetPageDirty(page);
662         return 1;
663 }
664
665 /*
666  * Free the swap entry like above, but also try to
667  * free the page cache entry if it is the last user.
668  */
669 int free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
670 {
671         struct swap_info_struct *p;
672         struct page *page = NULL;
673
674         if (non_swap_entry(entry))
675                 return 1;
676
677         p = swap_info_get(entry);
678         if (p) {
679                 if (swap_entry_free(p, entry, 1) == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
680                         page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
681                         if (page && !trylock_page(page)) {
682                                 page_cache_release(page);
683                                 page = NULL;
684                         }
685                 }
686                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
687         }
688         if (page) {
689                 /*
690                  * Not mapped elsewhere, or swap space full? Free it!
691                  * Also recheck PageSwapCache now page is locked (above).
692                  */
693                 if (PageSwapCache(page) && !PageWriteback(page) &&
694                                 (!page_mapped(page) || vm_swap_full())) {
695                         delete_from_swap_cache(page);
696                         SetPageDirty(page);
697                 }
698                 unlock_page(page);
699                 page_cache_release(page);
700         }
701         return p != NULL;
702 }
703
704 #ifdef CONFIG_HIBERNATION
705 /*
706  * Find the swap type that corresponds to given device (if any).
707  *
708  * @offset - number of the PAGE_SIZE-sized block of the device, starting
709  * from 0, in which the swap header is expected to be located.
710  *
711  * This is needed for the suspend to disk (aka swsusp).
712  */
713 int swap_type_of(dev_t device, sector_t offset, struct block_device **bdev_p)
714 {
715         struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
716         int type;
717
718         if (device)
719                 bdev = bdget(device);
720
721         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
722         for (type = 0; type < nr_swapfiles; type++) {
723                 struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info[type];
724
725                 if (!(sis->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
726                         continue;
727
728                 if (!bdev) {
729                         if (bdev_p)
730                                 *bdev_p = bdgrab(sis->bdev);
731
732                         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
733                         return type;
734                 }
735                 if (bdev == sis->bdev) {
736                         struct swap_extent *se = &sis->first_swap_extent;
737
738                         if (se->start_block == offset) {
739                                 if (bdev_p)
740                                         *bdev_p = bdgrab(sis->bdev);
741
742                                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
743                                 bdput(bdev);
744                                 return type;
745                         }
746                 }
747         }
748         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
749         if (bdev)
750                 bdput(bdev);
751
752         return -ENODEV;
753 }
754
755 /*
756  * Get the (PAGE_SIZE) block corresponding to given offset on the swapdev
757  * corresponding to given index in swap_info (swap type).
758  */
759 sector_t swapdev_block(int type, pgoff_t offset)
760 {
761         struct block_device *bdev;
762
763         if ((unsigned int)type >= nr_swapfiles)
764                 return 0;
765         if (!(swap_info[type]->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
766                 return 0;
767         return map_swap_page(swp_entry(type, offset), &bdev);
768 }
769
770 /*
771  * Return either the total number of swap pages of given type, or the number
772  * of free pages of that type (depending on @free)
773  *
774  * This is needed for software suspend
775  */
776 unsigned int count_swap_pages(int type, int free)
777 {
778         unsigned int n = 0;
779
780         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
781         if ((unsigned int)type < nr_swapfiles) {
782                 struct swap_info_struct *sis = swap_info[type];
783
784                 if (sis->flags & SWP_WRITEOK) {
785                         n = sis->pages;
786                         if (free)
787                                 n -= sis->inuse_pages;
788                 }
789         }
790         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
791         return n;
792 }
793 #endif /* CONFIG_HIBERNATION */
794
795 /*
796  * No need to decide whether this PTE shares the swap entry with others,
797  * just let do_wp_page work it out if a write is requested later - to
798  * force COW, vm_page_prot omits write permission from any private vma.
799  */
800 static int unuse_pte(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
801                 unsigned long addr, swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
802 {
803         struct mem_cgroup *ptr = NULL;
804         spinlock_t *ptl;
805         pte_t *pte;
806         int ret = 1;
807
808         if (mem_cgroup_try_charge_swapin(vma->vm_mm, page, GFP_KERNEL, &ptr)) {
809                 ret = -ENOMEM;
810                 goto out_nolock;
811         }
812
813         pte = pte_offset_map_lock(vma->vm_mm, pmd, addr, &ptl);
814         if (unlikely(!pte_same(*pte, swp_entry_to_pte(entry)))) {
815                 if (ret > 0)
816                         mem_cgroup_cancel_charge_swapin(ptr);
817                 ret = 0;
818                 goto out;
819         }
820
821         inc_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, anon_rss);
822         get_page(page);
823         set_pte_at(vma->vm_mm, addr, pte,
824                    pte_mkold(mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot)));
825         page_add_anon_rmap(page, vma, addr);
826         mem_cgroup_commit_charge_swapin(page, ptr);
827         swap_free(entry);
828         /*
829          * Move the page to the active list so it is not
830          * immediately swapped out again after swapon.
831          */
832         activate_page(page);
833 out:
834         pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
835 out_nolock:
836         return ret;
837 }
838
839 static int unuse_pte_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
840                                 unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
841                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
842 {
843         pte_t swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
844         pte_t *pte;
845         int ret = 0;
846
847         /*
848          * We don't actually need pte lock while scanning for swp_pte: since
849          * we hold page lock and mmap_sem, swp_pte cannot be inserted into the
850          * page table while we're scanning; though it could get zapped, and on
851          * some architectures (e.g. x86_32 with PAE) we might catch a glimpse
852          * of unmatched parts which look like swp_pte, so unuse_pte must
853          * recheck under pte lock.  Scanning without pte lock lets it be
854          * preemptible whenever CONFIG_PREEMPT but not CONFIG_HIGHPTE.
855          */
856         pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
857         do {
858                 /*
859                  * swapoff spends a _lot_ of time in this loop!
860                  * Test inline before going to call unuse_pte.
861                  */
862                 if (unlikely(pte_same(*pte, swp_pte))) {
863                         pte_unmap(pte);
864                         ret = unuse_pte(vma, pmd, addr, entry, page);
865                         if (ret)
866                                 goto out;
867                         pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, addr);
868                 }
869         } while (pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE, addr != end);
870         pte_unmap(pte - 1);
871 out:
872         return ret;
873 }
874
875 static inline int unuse_pmd_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pud_t *pud,
876                                 unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
877                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
878 {
879         pmd_t *pmd;
880         unsigned long next;
881         int ret;
882
883         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
884         do {
885                 next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
886                 if (pmd_none_or_clear_bad(pmd))
887                         continue;
888                 ret = unuse_pte_range(vma, pmd, addr, next, entry, page);
889                 if (ret)
890                         return ret;
891         } while (pmd++, addr = next, addr != end);
892         return 0;
893 }
894
895 static inline int unuse_pud_range(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgd_t *pgd,
896                                 unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
897                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
898 {
899         pud_t *pud;
900         unsigned long next;
901         int ret;
902
903         pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
904         do {
905                 next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
906                 if (pud_none_or_clear_bad(pud))
907                         continue;
908                 ret = unuse_pmd_range(vma, pud, addr, next, entry, page);
909                 if (ret)
910                         return ret;
911         } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
912         return 0;
913 }
914
915 static int unuse_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
916                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
917 {
918         pgd_t *pgd;
919         unsigned long addr, end, next;
920         int ret;
921
922         if (page->mapping) {
923                 addr = page_address_in_vma(page, vma);
924                 if (addr == -EFAULT)
925                         return 0;
926                 else
927                         end = addr + PAGE_SIZE;
928         } else {
929                 addr = vma->vm_start;
930                 end = vma->vm_end;
931         }
932
933         pgd = pgd_offset(vma->vm_mm, addr);
934         do {
935                 next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
936                 if (pgd_none_or_clear_bad(pgd))
937                         continue;
938                 ret = unuse_pud_range(vma, pgd, addr, next, entry, page);
939                 if (ret)
940                         return ret;
941         } while (pgd++, addr = next, addr != end);
942         return 0;
943 }
944
945 static int unuse_mm(struct mm_struct *mm,
946                                 swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
947 {
948         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
949         int ret = 0;
950
951         if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
952                 /*
953                  * Activate page so shrink_inactive_list is unlikely to unmap
954                  * its ptes while lock is dropped, so swapoff can make progress.
955                  */
956                 activate_page(page);
957                 unlock_page(page);
958                 down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
959                 lock_page(page);
960         }
961         for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
962                 if (vma->anon_vma && (ret = unuse_vma(vma, entry, page)))
963                         break;
964         }
965         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
966         return (ret < 0)? ret: 0;
967 }
968
969 /*
970  * Scan swap_map from current position to next entry still in use.
971  * Recycle to start on reaching the end, returning 0 when empty.
972  */
973 static unsigned int find_next_to_unuse(struct swap_info_struct *si,
974                                         unsigned int prev)
975 {
976         unsigned int max = si->max;
977         unsigned int i = prev;
978         unsigned char count;
979
980         /*
981          * No need for swap_lock here: we're just looking
982          * for whether an entry is in use, not modifying it; false
983          * hits are okay, and sys_swapoff() has already prevented new
984          * allocations from this area (while holding swap_lock).
985          */
986         for (;;) {
987                 if (++i >= max) {
988                         if (!prev) {
989                                 i = 0;
990                                 break;
991                         }
992                         /*
993                          * No entries in use at top of swap_map,
994                          * loop back to start and recheck there.
995                          */
996                         max = prev + 1;
997                         prev = 0;
998                         i = 1;
999                 }
1000                 count = si->swap_map[i];
1001                 if (count && swap_count(count) != SWAP_MAP_BAD)
1002                         break;
1003         }
1004         return i;
1005 }
1006
1007 /*
1008  * We completely avoid races by reading each swap page in advance,
1009  * and then search for the process using it.  All the necessary
1010  * page table adjustments can then be made atomically.
1011  */
1012 static int try_to_unuse(unsigned int type)
1013 {
1014         struct swap_info_struct *si = swap_info[type];
1015         struct mm_struct *start_mm;
1016         unsigned char *swap_map;
1017         unsigned char swcount;
1018         struct page *page;
1019         swp_entry_t entry;
1020         unsigned int i = 0;
1021         int retval = 0;
1022         int reset_overflow = 0;
1023         int shmem;
1024
1025         /*
1026          * When searching mms for an entry, a good strategy is to
1027          * start at the first mm we freed the previous entry from
1028          * (though actually we don't notice whether we or coincidence
1029          * freed the entry).  Initialize this start_mm with a hold.
1030          *
1031          * A simpler strategy would be to start at the last mm we
1032          * freed the previous entry from; but that would take less
1033          * advantage of mmlist ordering, which clusters forked mms
1034          * together, child after parent.  If we race with dup_mmap(), we
1035          * prefer to resolve parent before child, lest we miss entries
1036          * duplicated after we scanned child: using last mm would invert
1037          * that.  Though it's only a serious concern when an overflowed
1038          * swap count is reset from SWAP_MAP_MAX, preventing a rescan.
1039          */
1040         start_mm = &init_mm;
1041         atomic_inc(&init_mm.mm_users);
1042
1043         /*
1044          * Keep on scanning until all entries have gone.  Usually,
1045          * one pass through swap_map is enough, but not necessarily:
1046          * there are races when an instance of an entry might be missed.
1047          */
1048         while ((i = find_next_to_unuse(si, i)) != 0) {
1049                 if (signal_pending(current)) {
1050                         retval = -EINTR;
1051                         break;
1052                 }
1053
1054                 /*
1055                  * Get a page for the entry, using the existing swap
1056                  * cache page if there is one.  Otherwise, get a clean
1057                  * page and read the swap into it.
1058                  */
1059                 swap_map = &si->swap_map[i];
1060                 entry = swp_entry(type, i);
1061                 page = read_swap_cache_async(entry,
1062                                         GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, NULL, 0);
1063                 if (!page) {
1064                         /*
1065                          * Either swap_duplicate() failed because entry
1066                          * has been freed independently, and will not be
1067                          * reused since sys_swapoff() already disabled
1068                          * allocation from here, or alloc_page() failed.
1069                          */
1070                         if (!*swap_map)
1071                                 continue;
1072                         retval = -ENOMEM;
1073                         break;
1074                 }
1075
1076                 /*
1077                  * Don't hold on to start_mm if it looks like exiting.
1078                  */
1079                 if (atomic_read(&start_mm->mm_users) == 1) {
1080                         mmput(start_mm);
1081                         start_mm = &init_mm;
1082                         atomic_inc(&init_mm.mm_users);
1083                 }
1084
1085                 /*
1086                  * Wait for and lock page.  When do_swap_page races with
1087                  * try_to_unuse, do_swap_page can handle the fault much
1088                  * faster than try_to_unuse can locate the entry.  This
1089                  * apparently redundant "wait_on_page_locked" lets try_to_unuse
1090                  * defer to do_swap_page in such a case - in some tests,
1091                  * do_swap_page and try_to_unuse repeatedly compete.
1092                  */
1093                 wait_on_page_locked(page);
1094                 wait_on_page_writeback(page);
1095                 lock_page(page);
1096                 wait_on_page_writeback(page);
1097
1098                 /*
1099                  * Remove all references to entry.
1100                  * Whenever we reach init_mm, there's no address space
1101                  * to search, but use it as a reminder to search shmem.
1102                  */
1103                 shmem = 0;
1104                 swcount = *swap_map;
1105                 if (swap_count(swcount)) {
1106                         if (start_mm == &init_mm)
1107                                 shmem = shmem_unuse(entry, page);
1108                         else
1109                                 retval = unuse_mm(start_mm, entry, page);
1110                 }
1111                 if (swap_count(*swap_map)) {
1112                         int set_start_mm = (*swap_map >= swcount);
1113                         struct list_head *p = &start_mm->mmlist;
1114                         struct mm_struct *new_start_mm = start_mm;
1115                         struct mm_struct *prev_mm = start_mm;
1116                         struct mm_struct *mm;
1117
1118                         atomic_inc(&new_start_mm->mm_users);
1119                         atomic_inc(&prev_mm->mm_users);
1120                         spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
1121                         while (swap_count(*swap_map) && !retval && !shmem &&
1122                                         (p = p->next) != &start_mm->mmlist) {
1123                                 mm = list_entry(p, struct mm_struct, mmlist);
1124                                 if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&mm->mm_users))
1125                                         continue;
1126                                 spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
1127                                 mmput(prev_mm);
1128                                 prev_mm = mm;
1129
1130                                 cond_resched();
1131
1132                                 swcount = *swap_map;
1133                                 if (!swap_count(swcount)) /* any usage ? */
1134                                         ;
1135                                 else if (mm == &init_mm) {
1136                                         set_start_mm = 1;
1137                                         shmem = shmem_unuse(entry, page);
1138                                 } else
1139                                         retval = unuse_mm(mm, entry, page);
1140
1141                                 if (set_start_mm && *swap_map < swcount) {
1142                                         mmput(new_start_mm);
1143                                         atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users);
1144                                         new_start_mm = mm;
1145                                         set_start_mm = 0;
1146                                 }
1147                                 spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
1148                         }
1149                         spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
1150                         mmput(prev_mm);
1151                         mmput(start_mm);
1152                         start_mm = new_start_mm;
1153                 }
1154                 if (shmem) {
1155                         /* page has already been unlocked and released */
1156                         if (shmem > 0)
1157                                 continue;
1158                         retval = shmem;
1159                         break;
1160                 }
1161                 if (retval) {
1162                         unlock_page(page);
1163                         page_cache_release(page);
1164                         break;
1165                 }
1166
1167                 /*
1168                  * How could swap count reach 0x7ffe ?
1169                  * There's no way to repeat a swap page within an mm
1170                  * (except in shmem, where it's the shared object which takes
1171                  * the reference count)?
1172                  * We believe SWAP_MAP_MAX cannot occur.(if occur, unsigned
1173                  * short is too small....)
1174                  * If that's wrong, then we should worry more about
1175                  * exit_mmap() and do_munmap() cases described above:
1176                  * we might be resetting SWAP_MAP_MAX too early here.
1177                  *
1178                  * Yes, that's wrong: though very unlikely, swap count 0x7ffe
1179                  * could surely occur if pid_max raised from PID_MAX_DEFAULT;
1180                  * and we are now lowering SWAP_MAP_MAX to 0x7e, making it
1181                  * much easier to reach.  But the next patch will fix that.
1182                  *
1183                  * We know "Undead"s can happen, they're okay, so don't
1184                  * report them; but do report if we reset SWAP_MAP_MAX.
1185                  */
1186                 /* We might release the lock_page() in unuse_mm(). */
1187                 if (!PageSwapCache(page) || page_private(page) != entry.val)
1188                         goto retry;
1189
1190                 if (swap_count(*swap_map) == SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
1191                         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
1192                         *swap_map = SWAP_HAS_CACHE;
1193                         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1194                         reset_overflow = 1;
1195                 }
1196
1197                 /*
1198                  * If a reference remains (rare), we would like to leave
1199                  * the page in the swap cache; but try_to_unmap could
1200                  * then re-duplicate the entry once we drop page lock,
1201                  * so we might loop indefinitely; also, that page could
1202                  * not be swapped out to other storage meanwhile.  So:
1203                  * delete from cache even if there's another reference,
1204                  * after ensuring that the data has been saved to disk -
1205                  * since if the reference remains (rarer), it will be
1206                  * read from disk into another page.  Splitting into two
1207                  * pages would be incorrect if swap supported "shared
1208                  * private" pages, but they are handled by tmpfs files.
1209                  */
1210                 if (swap_count(*swap_map) &&
1211                      PageDirty(page) && PageSwapCache(page)) {
1212                         struct writeback_control wbc = {
1213                                 .sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
1214                         };
1215
1216                         swap_writepage(page, &wbc);
1217                         lock_page(page);
1218                         wait_on_page_writeback(page);
1219                 }
1220
1221                 /*
1222                  * It is conceivable that a racing task removed this page from
1223                  * swap cache just before we acquired the page lock at the top,
1224                  * or while we dropped it in unuse_mm().  The page might even
1225                  * be back in swap cache on another swap area: that we must not
1226                  * delete, since it may not have been written out to swap yet.
1227                  */
1228                 if (PageSwapCache(page) &&
1229                     likely(page_private(page) == entry.val))
1230                         delete_from_swap_cache(page);
1231
1232                 /*
1233                  * So we could skip searching mms once swap count went
1234                  * to 1, we did not mark any present ptes as dirty: must
1235                  * mark page dirty so shrink_page_list will preserve it.
1236                  */
1237                 SetPageDirty(page);
1238 retry:
1239                 unlock_page(page);
1240                 page_cache_release(page);
1241
1242                 /*
1243                  * Make sure that we aren't completely killing
1244                  * interactive performance.
1245                  */
1246                 cond_resched();
1247         }
1248
1249         mmput(start_mm);
1250         if (reset_overflow) {
1251                 printk(KERN_WARNING "swapoff: cleared swap entry overflow\n");
1252                 swap_overflow = 0;
1253         }
1254         return retval;
1255 }
1256
1257 /*
1258  * After a successful try_to_unuse, if no swap is now in use, we know
1259  * we can empty the mmlist.  swap_lock must be held on entry and exit.
1260  * Note that mmlist_lock nests inside swap_lock, and an mm must be
1261  * added to the mmlist just after page_duplicate - before would be racy.
1262  */
1263 static void drain_mmlist(void)
1264 {
1265         struct list_head *p, *next;
1266         unsigned int type;
1267
1268         for (type = 0; type < nr_swapfiles; type++)
1269                 if (swap_info[type]->inuse_pages)
1270                         return;
1271         spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
1272         list_for_each_safe(p, next, &init_mm.mmlist)
1273                 list_del_init(p);
1274         spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
1275 }
1276
1277 /*
1278  * Use this swapdev's extent info to locate the (PAGE_SIZE) block which
1279  * corresponds to page offset `offset'.  Note that the type of this function
1280  * is sector_t, but it returns page offset into the bdev, not sector offset.
1281  */
1282 sector_t map_swap_page(swp_entry_t entry, struct block_device **bdev)
1283 {
1284         struct swap_info_struct *sis;
1285         struct swap_extent *start_se;
1286         struct swap_extent *se;
1287         pgoff_t offset;
1288
1289         sis = swap_info[swp_type(entry)];
1290         *bdev = sis->bdev;
1291
1292         offset = swp_offset(entry);
1293         start_se = sis->curr_swap_extent;
1294         se = start_se;
1295
1296         for ( ; ; ) {
1297                 struct list_head *lh;
1298
1299                 if (se->start_page <= offset &&
1300                                 offset < (se->start_page + se->nr_pages)) {
1301                         return se->start_block + (offset - se->start_page);
1302                 }
1303                 lh = se->list.next;
1304                 se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
1305                 sis->curr_swap_extent = se;
1306                 BUG_ON(se == start_se);         /* It *must* be present */
1307         }
1308 }
1309
1310 /*
1311  * Free all of a swapdev's extent information
1312  */
1313 static void destroy_swap_extents(struct swap_info_struct *sis)
1314 {
1315         while (!list_empty(&sis->first_swap_extent.list)) {
1316                 struct swap_extent *se;
1317
1318                 se = list_entry(sis->first_swap_extent.list.next,
1319                                 struct swap_extent, list);
1320                 list_del(&se->list);
1321                 kfree(se);
1322         }
1323 }
1324
1325 /*
1326  * Add a block range (and the corresponding page range) into this swapdev's
1327  * extent list.  The extent list is kept sorted in page order.
1328  *
1329  * This function rather assumes that it is called in ascending page order.
1330  */
1331 static int
1332 add_swap_extent(struct swap_info_struct *sis, unsigned long start_page,
1333                 unsigned long nr_pages, sector_t start_block)
1334 {
1335         struct swap_extent *se;
1336         struct swap_extent *new_se;
1337         struct list_head *lh;
1338
1339         if (start_page == 0) {
1340                 se = &sis->first_swap_extent;
1341                 sis->curr_swap_extent = se;
1342                 se->start_page = 0;
1343                 se->nr_pages = nr_pages;
1344                 se->start_block = start_block;
1345                 return 1;
1346         } else {
1347                 lh = sis->first_swap_extent.list.prev;  /* Highest extent */
1348                 se = list_entry(lh, struct swap_extent, list);
1349                 BUG_ON(se->start_page + se->nr_pages != start_page);
1350                 if (se->start_block + se->nr_pages == start_block) {
1351                         /* Merge it */
1352                         se->nr_pages += nr_pages;
1353                         return 0;
1354                 }
1355         }
1356
1357         /*
1358          * No merge.  Insert a new extent, preserving ordering.
1359          */
1360         new_se = kmalloc(sizeof(*se), GFP_KERNEL);
1361         if (new_se == NULL)
1362                 return -ENOMEM;
1363         new_se->start_page = start_page;
1364         new_se->nr_pages = nr_pages;
1365         new_se->start_block = start_block;
1366
1367         list_add_tail(&new_se->list, &sis->first_swap_extent.list);
1368         return 1;
1369 }
1370
1371 /*
1372  * A `swap extent' is a simple thing which maps a contiguous range of pages
1373  * onto a contiguous range of disk blocks.  An ordered list of swap extents
1374  * is built at swapon time and is then used at swap_writepage/swap_readpage
1375  * time for locating where on disk a page belongs.
1376  *
1377  * If the swapfile is an S_ISBLK block device, a single extent is installed.
1378  * This is done so that the main operating code can treat S_ISBLK and S_ISREG
1379  * swap files identically.
1380  *
1381  * Whether the swapdev is an S_ISREG file or an S_ISBLK blockdev, the swap
1382  * extent list operates in PAGE_SIZE disk blocks.  Both S_ISREG and S_ISBLK
1383  * swapfiles are handled *identically* after swapon time.
1384  *
1385  * For S_ISREG swapfiles, setup_swap_extents() will walk all the file's blocks
1386  * and will parse them into an ordered extent list, in PAGE_SIZE chunks.  If
1387  * some stray blocks are found which do not fall within the PAGE_SIZE alignment
1388  * requirements, they are simply tossed out - we will never use those blocks
1389  * for swapping.
1390  *
1391  * For S_ISREG swapfiles we set S_SWAPFILE across the life of the swapon.  This
1392  * prevents root from shooting her foot off by ftruncating an in-use swapfile,
1393  * which will scribble on the fs.
1394  *
1395  * The amount of disk space which a single swap extent represents varies.
1396  * Typically it is in the 1-4 megabyte range.  So we can have hundreds of
1397  * extents in the list.  To avoid much list walking, we cache the previous
1398  * search location in `curr_swap_extent', and start new searches from there.
1399  * This is extremely effective.  The average number of iterations in
1400  * map_swap_page() has been measured at about 0.3 per page.  - akpm.
1401  */
1402 static int setup_swap_extents(struct swap_info_struct *sis, sector_t *span)
1403 {
1404         struct inode *inode;
1405         unsigned blocks_per_page;
1406         unsigned long page_no;
1407         unsigned blkbits;
1408         sector_t probe_block;
1409         sector_t last_block;
1410         sector_t lowest_block = -1;
1411         sector_t highest_block = 0;
1412         int nr_extents = 0;
1413         int ret;
1414
1415         inode = sis->swap_file->f_mapping->host;
1416         if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
1417                 ret = add_swap_extent(sis, 0, sis->max, 0);
1418                 *span = sis->pages;
1419                 goto out;
1420         }
1421
1422         blkbits = inode->i_blkbits;
1423         blocks_per_page = PAGE_SIZE >> blkbits;
1424
1425         /*
1426          * Map all the blocks into the extent list.  This code doesn't try
1427          * to be very smart.
1428          */
1429         probe_block = 0;
1430         page_no = 0;
1431         last_block = i_size_read(inode) >> blkbits;
1432         while ((probe_block + blocks_per_page) <= last_block &&
1433                         page_no < sis->max) {
1434                 unsigned block_in_page;
1435                 sector_t first_block;
1436
1437                 first_block = bmap(inode, probe_block);
1438                 if (first_block == 0)
1439                         goto bad_bmap;
1440
1441                 /*
1442                  * It must be PAGE_SIZE aligned on-disk
1443                  */
1444                 if (first_block & (blocks_per_page - 1)) {
1445                         probe_block++;
1446                         goto reprobe;
1447                 }
1448
1449                 for (block_in_page = 1; block_in_page < blocks_per_page;
1450                                         block_in_page++) {
1451                         sector_t block;
1452
1453                         block = bmap(inode, probe_block + block_in_page);
1454                         if (block == 0)
1455                                 goto bad_bmap;
1456                         if (block != first_block + block_in_page) {
1457                                 /* Discontiguity */
1458                                 probe_block++;
1459                                 goto reprobe;
1460                         }
1461                 }
1462
1463                 first_block >>= (PAGE_SHIFT - blkbits);
1464                 if (page_no) {  /* exclude the header page */
1465                         if (first_block < lowest_block)
1466                                 lowest_block = first_block;
1467                         if (first_block > highest_block)
1468                                 highest_block = first_block;
1469                 }
1470
1471                 /*
1472                  * We found a PAGE_SIZE-length, PAGE_SIZE-aligned run of blocks
1473                  */
1474                 ret = add_swap_extent(sis, page_no, 1, first_block);
1475                 if (ret < 0)
1476                         goto out;
1477                 nr_extents += ret;
1478                 page_no++;
1479                 probe_block += blocks_per_page;
1480 reprobe:
1481                 continue;
1482         }
1483         ret = nr_extents;
1484         *span = 1 + highest_block - lowest_block;
1485         if (page_no == 0)
1486                 page_no = 1;    /* force Empty message */
1487         sis->max = page_no;
1488         sis->pages = page_no - 1;
1489         sis->highest_bit = page_no - 1;
1490 out:
1491         return ret;
1492 bad_bmap:
1493         printk(KERN_ERR "swapon: swapfile has holes\n");
1494         ret = -EINVAL;
1495         goto out;
1496 }
1497
1498 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(swapoff, const char __user *, specialfile)
1499 {
1500         struct swap_info_struct *p = NULL;
1501         unsigned char *swap_map;
1502         struct file *swap_file, *victim;
1503         struct address_space *mapping;
1504         struct inode *inode;
1505         char *pathname;
1506         int i, type, prev;
1507         int err;
1508
1509         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
1510                 return -EPERM;
1511
1512         pathname = getname(specialfile);
1513         err = PTR_ERR(pathname);
1514         if (IS_ERR(pathname))
1515                 goto out;
1516
1517         victim = filp_open(pathname, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
1518         putname(pathname);
1519         err = PTR_ERR(victim);
1520         if (IS_ERR(victim))
1521                 goto out;
1522
1523         mapping = victim->f_mapping;
1524         prev = -1;
1525         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
1526         for (type = swap_list.head; type >= 0; type = swap_info[type]->next) {
1527                 p = swap_info[type];
1528                 if (p->flags & SWP_WRITEOK) {
1529                         if (p->swap_file->f_mapping == mapping)
1530                                 break;
1531                 }
1532                 prev = type;
1533         }
1534         if (type < 0) {
1535                 err = -EINVAL;
1536                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1537                 goto out_dput;
1538         }
1539         if (!security_vm_enough_memory(p->pages))
1540                 vm_unacct_memory(p->pages);
1541         else {
1542                 err = -ENOMEM;
1543                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1544                 goto out_dput;
1545         }
1546         if (prev < 0)
1547                 swap_list.head = p->next;
1548         else
1549                 swap_info[prev]->next = p->next;
1550         if (type == swap_list.next) {
1551                 /* just pick something that's safe... */
1552                 swap_list.next = swap_list.head;
1553         }
1554         if (p->prio < 0) {
1555                 for (i = p->next; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i]->next)
1556                         swap_info[i]->prio = p->prio--;
1557                 least_priority++;
1558         }
1559         nr_swap_pages -= p->pages;
1560         total_swap_pages -= p->pages;
1561         p->flags &= ~SWP_WRITEOK;
1562         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1563
1564         current->flags |= PF_OOM_ORIGIN;
1565         err = try_to_unuse(type);
1566         current->flags &= ~PF_OOM_ORIGIN;
1567
1568         if (err) {
1569                 /* re-insert swap space back into swap_list */
1570                 spin_lock(&swap_lock);
1571                 if (p->prio < 0)
1572                         p->prio = --least_priority;
1573                 prev = -1;
1574                 for (i = swap_list.head; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i]->next) {
1575                         if (p->prio >= swap_info[i]->prio)
1576                                 break;
1577                         prev = i;
1578                 }
1579                 p->next = i;
1580                 if (prev < 0)
1581                         swap_list.head = swap_list.next = type;
1582                 else
1583                         swap_info[prev]->next = type;
1584                 nr_swap_pages += p->pages;
1585                 total_swap_pages += p->pages;
1586                 p->flags |= SWP_WRITEOK;
1587                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1588                 goto out_dput;
1589         }
1590
1591         /* wait for any unplug function to finish */
1592         down_write(&swap_unplug_sem);
1593         up_write(&swap_unplug_sem);
1594
1595         destroy_swap_extents(p);
1596         mutex_lock(&swapon_mutex);
1597         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
1598         drain_mmlist();
1599
1600         /* wait for anyone still in scan_swap_map */
1601         p->highest_bit = 0;             /* cuts scans short */
1602         while (p->flags >= SWP_SCANNING) {
1603                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1604                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
1605                 spin_lock(&swap_lock);
1606         }
1607
1608         swap_file = p->swap_file;
1609         p->swap_file = NULL;
1610         p->max = 0;
1611         swap_map = p->swap_map;
1612         p->swap_map = NULL;
1613         p->flags = 0;
1614         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1615         mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
1616         vfree(swap_map);
1617         /* Destroy swap account informatin */
1618         swap_cgroup_swapoff(type);
1619
1620         inode = mapping->host;
1621         if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
1622                 struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
1623                 set_blocksize(bdev, p->old_block_size);
1624                 bd_release(bdev);
1625         } else {
1626                 mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
1627                 inode->i_flags &= ~S_SWAPFILE;
1628                 mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
1629         }
1630         filp_close(swap_file, NULL);
1631         err = 0;
1632
1633 out_dput:
1634         filp_close(victim, NULL);
1635 out:
1636         return err;
1637 }
1638
1639 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
1640 /* iterator */
1641 static void *swap_start(struct seq_file *swap, loff_t *pos)
1642 {
1643         struct swap_info_struct *si;
1644         int type;
1645         loff_t l = *pos;
1646
1647         mutex_lock(&swapon_mutex);
1648
1649         if (!l)
1650                 return SEQ_START_TOKEN;
1651
1652         for (type = 0; type < nr_swapfiles; type++) {
1653                 smp_rmb();      /* read nr_swapfiles before swap_info[type] */
1654                 si = swap_info[type];
1655                 if (!(si->flags & SWP_USED) || !si->swap_map)
1656                         continue;
1657                 if (!--l)
1658                         return si;
1659         }
1660
1661         return NULL;
1662 }
1663
1664 static void *swap_next(struct seq_file *swap, void *v, loff_t *pos)
1665 {
1666         struct swap_info_struct *si = v;
1667         int type;
1668
1669         if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN)
1670                 type = 0;
1671         else
1672                 type = si->type + 1;
1673
1674         for (; type < nr_swapfiles; type++) {
1675                 smp_rmb();      /* read nr_swapfiles before swap_info[type] */
1676                 si = swap_info[type];
1677                 if (!(si->flags & SWP_USED) || !si->swap_map)
1678                         continue;
1679                 ++*pos;
1680                 return si;
1681         }
1682
1683         return NULL;
1684 }
1685
1686 static void swap_stop(struct seq_file *swap, void *v)
1687 {
1688         mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
1689 }
1690
1691 static int swap_show(struct seq_file *swap, void *v)
1692 {
1693         struct swap_info_struct *si = v;
1694         struct file *file;
1695         int len;
1696
1697         if (si == SEQ_START_TOKEN) {
1698                 seq_puts(swap,"Filename\t\t\t\tType\t\tSize\tUsed\tPriority\n");
1699                 return 0;
1700         }
1701
1702         file = si->swap_file;
1703         len = seq_path(swap, &file->f_path, " \t\n\\");
1704         seq_printf(swap, "%*s%s\t%u\t%u\t%d\n",
1705                         len < 40 ? 40 - len : 1, " ",
1706                         S_ISBLK(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_mode) ?
1707                                 "partition" : "file\t",
1708                         si->pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
1709                         si->inuse_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
1710                         si->prio);
1711         return 0;
1712 }
1713
1714 static const struct seq_operations swaps_op = {
1715         .start =        swap_start,
1716         .next =         swap_next,
1717         .stop =         swap_stop,
1718         .show =         swap_show
1719 };
1720
1721 static int swaps_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
1722 {
1723         return seq_open(file, &swaps_op);
1724 }
1725
1726 static const struct file_operations proc_swaps_operations = {
1727         .open           = swaps_open,
1728         .read           = seq_read,
1729         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
1730         .release        = seq_release,
1731 };
1732
1733 static int __init procswaps_init(void)
1734 {
1735         proc_create("swaps", 0, NULL, &proc_swaps_operations);
1736         return 0;
1737 }
1738 __initcall(procswaps_init);
1739 #endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
1740
1741 #ifdef MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK
1742 static int __init max_swapfiles_check(void)
1743 {
1744         MAX_SWAPFILES_CHECK();
1745         return 0;
1746 }
1747 late_initcall(max_swapfiles_check);
1748 #endif
1749
1750 /*
1751  * Written 01/25/92 by Simmule Turner, heavily changed by Linus.
1752  *
1753  * The swapon system call
1754  */
1755 SYSCALL_DEFINE2(swapon, const char __user *, specialfile, int, swap_flags)
1756 {
1757         struct swap_info_struct *p;
1758         char *name = NULL;
1759         struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
1760         struct file *swap_file = NULL;
1761         struct address_space *mapping;
1762         unsigned int type;
1763         int i, prev;
1764         int error;
1765         union swap_header *swap_header = NULL;
1766         unsigned int nr_good_pages = 0;
1767         int nr_extents = 0;
1768         sector_t span;
1769         unsigned long maxpages = 1;
1770         unsigned long swapfilepages;
1771         unsigned char *swap_map = NULL;
1772         struct page *page = NULL;
1773         struct inode *inode = NULL;
1774         int did_down = 0;
1775
1776         if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
1777                 return -EPERM;
1778
1779         p = kzalloc(sizeof(*p), GFP_KERNEL);
1780         if (!p)
1781                 return -ENOMEM;
1782
1783         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
1784         for (type = 0; type < nr_swapfiles; type++) {
1785                 if (!(swap_info[type]->flags & SWP_USED))
1786                         break;
1787         }
1788         error = -EPERM;
1789         if (type >= MAX_SWAPFILES) {
1790                 spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1791                 kfree(p);
1792                 goto out;
1793         }
1794         if (type >= nr_swapfiles) {
1795                 p->type = type;
1796                 swap_info[type] = p;
1797                 /*
1798                  * Write swap_info[type] before nr_swapfiles, in case a
1799                  * racing procfs swap_start() or swap_next() is reading them.
1800                  * (We never shrink nr_swapfiles, we never free this entry.)
1801                  */
1802                 smp_wmb();
1803                 nr_swapfiles++;
1804         } else {
1805                 kfree(p);
1806                 p = swap_info[type];
1807                 /*
1808                  * Do not memset this entry: a racing procfs swap_next()
1809                  * would be relying on p->type to remain valid.
1810                  */
1811         }
1812         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->first_swap_extent.list);
1813         p->flags = SWP_USED;
1814         p->next = -1;
1815         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
1816
1817         name = getname(specialfile);
1818         error = PTR_ERR(name);
1819         if (IS_ERR(name)) {
1820                 name = NULL;
1821                 goto bad_swap_2;
1822         }
1823         swap_file = filp_open(name, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE, 0);
1824         error = PTR_ERR(swap_file);
1825         if (IS_ERR(swap_file)) {
1826                 swap_file = NULL;
1827                 goto bad_swap_2;
1828         }
1829
1830         p->swap_file = swap_file;
1831         mapping = swap_file->f_mapping;
1832         inode = mapping->host;
1833
1834         error = -EBUSY;
1835         for (i = 0; i < nr_swapfiles; i++) {
1836                 struct swap_info_struct *q = swap_info[i];
1837
1838                 if (i == type || !q->swap_file)
1839                         continue;
1840                 if (mapping == q->swap_file->f_mapping)
1841                         goto bad_swap;
1842         }
1843
1844         error = -EINVAL;
1845         if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode)) {
1846                 bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
1847                 error = bd_claim(bdev, sys_swapon);
1848                 if (error < 0) {
1849                         bdev = NULL;
1850                         error = -EINVAL;
1851                         goto bad_swap;
1852                 }
1853                 p->old_block_size = block_size(bdev);
1854                 error = set_blocksize(bdev, PAGE_SIZE);
1855                 if (error < 0)
1856                         goto bad_swap;
1857                 p->bdev = bdev;
1858         } else if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) {
1859                 p->bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
1860                 mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
1861                 did_down = 1;
1862                 if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode)) {
1863                         error = -EBUSY;
1864                         goto bad_swap;
1865                 }
1866         } else {
1867                 goto bad_swap;
1868         }
1869
1870         swapfilepages = i_size_read(inode) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
1871
1872         /*
1873          * Read the swap header.
1874          */
1875         if (!mapping->a_ops->readpage) {
1876                 error = -EINVAL;
1877                 goto bad_swap;
1878         }
1879         page = read_mapping_page(mapping, 0, swap_file);
1880         if (IS_ERR(page)) {
1881                 error = PTR_ERR(page);
1882                 goto bad_swap;
1883         }
1884         swap_header = kmap(page);
1885
1886         if (memcmp("SWAPSPACE2", swap_header->magic.magic, 10)) {
1887                 printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to find swap-space signature\n");
1888                 error = -EINVAL;
1889                 goto bad_swap;
1890         }
1891
1892         /* swap partition endianess hack... */
1893         if (swab32(swap_header->info.version) == 1) {
1894                 swab32s(&swap_header->info.version);
1895                 swab32s(&swap_header->info.last_page);
1896                 swab32s(&swap_header->info.nr_badpages);
1897                 for (i = 0; i < swap_header->info.nr_badpages; i++)
1898                         swab32s(&swap_header->info.badpages[i]);
1899         }
1900         /* Check the swap header's sub-version */
1901         if (swap_header->info.version != 1) {
1902                 printk(KERN_WARNING
1903                        "Unable to handle swap header version %d\n",
1904                        swap_header->info.version);
1905                 error = -EINVAL;
1906                 goto bad_swap;
1907         }
1908
1909         p->lowest_bit  = 1;
1910         p->cluster_next = 1;
1911         p->cluster_nr = 0;
1912
1913         /*
1914          * Find out how many pages are allowed for a single swap
1915          * device. There are two limiting factors: 1) the number of
1916          * bits for the swap offset in the swp_entry_t type and
1917          * 2) the number of bits in the a swap pte as defined by
1918          * the different architectures. In order to find the
1919          * largest possible bit mask a swap entry with swap type 0
1920          * and swap offset ~0UL is created, encoded to a swap pte,
1921          * decoded to a swp_entry_t again and finally the swap
1922          * offset is extracted. This will mask all the bits from
1923          * the initial ~0UL mask that can't be encoded in either
1924          * the swp_entry_t or the architecture definition of a
1925          * swap pte.
1926          */
1927         maxpages = swp_offset(pte_to_swp_entry(
1928                         swp_entry_to_pte(swp_entry(0, ~0UL)))) - 1;
1929         if (maxpages > swap_header->info.last_page)
1930                 maxpages = swap_header->info.last_page;
1931         p->highest_bit = maxpages - 1;
1932
1933         error = -EINVAL;
1934         if (!maxpages)
1935                 goto bad_swap;
1936         if (swapfilepages && maxpages > swapfilepages) {
1937                 printk(KERN_WARNING
1938                        "Swap area shorter than signature indicates\n");
1939                 goto bad_swap;
1940         }
1941         if (swap_header->info.nr_badpages && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
1942                 goto bad_swap;
1943         if (swap_header->info.nr_badpages > MAX_SWAP_BADPAGES)
1944                 goto bad_swap;
1945
1946         /* OK, set up the swap map and apply the bad block list */
1947         swap_map = vmalloc(maxpages);
1948         if (!swap_map) {
1949                 error = -ENOMEM;
1950                 goto bad_swap;
1951         }
1952
1953         memset(swap_map, 0, maxpages);
1954         for (i = 0; i < swap_header->info.nr_badpages; i++) {
1955                 int page_nr = swap_header->info.badpages[i];
1956                 if (page_nr <= 0 || page_nr >= swap_header->info.last_page) {
1957                         error = -EINVAL;
1958                         goto bad_swap;
1959                 }
1960                 swap_map[page_nr] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
1961         }
1962
1963         error = swap_cgroup_swapon(type, maxpages);
1964         if (error)
1965                 goto bad_swap;
1966
1967         nr_good_pages = swap_header->info.last_page -
1968                         swap_header->info.nr_badpages -
1969                         1 /* header page */;
1970
1971         if (nr_good_pages) {
1972                 swap_map[0] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
1973                 p->max = maxpages;
1974                 p->pages = nr_good_pages;
1975                 nr_extents = setup_swap_extents(p, &span);
1976                 if (nr_extents < 0) {
1977                         error = nr_extents;
1978                         goto bad_swap;
1979                 }
1980                 nr_good_pages = p->pages;
1981         }
1982         if (!nr_good_pages) {
1983                 printk(KERN_WARNING "Empty swap-file\n");
1984                 error = -EINVAL;
1985                 goto bad_swap;
1986         }
1987
1988         if (p->bdev) {
1989                 if (blk_queue_nonrot(bdev_get_queue(p->bdev))) {
1990                         p->flags |= SWP_SOLIDSTATE;
1991                         p->cluster_next = 1 + (random32() % p->highest_bit);
1992                 }
1993                 if (discard_swap(p) == 0)
1994                         p->flags |= SWP_DISCARDABLE;
1995         }
1996
1997         mutex_lock(&swapon_mutex);
1998         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
1999         if (swap_flags & SWAP_FLAG_PREFER)
2000                 p->prio =
2001                   (swap_flags & SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_MASK) >> SWAP_FLAG_PRIO_SHIFT;
2002         else
2003                 p->prio = --least_priority;
2004         p->swap_map = swap_map;
2005         p->flags |= SWP_WRITEOK;
2006         nr_swap_pages += nr_good_pages;
2007         total_swap_pages += nr_good_pages;
2008
2009         printk(KERN_INFO "Adding %uk swap on %s.  "
2010                         "Priority:%d extents:%d across:%lluk %s%s\n",
2011                 nr_good_pages<<(PAGE_SHIFT-10), name, p->prio,
2012                 nr_extents, (unsigned long long)span<<(PAGE_SHIFT-10),
2013                 (p->flags & SWP_SOLIDSTATE) ? "SS" : "",
2014                 (p->flags & SWP_DISCARDABLE) ? "D" : "");
2015
2016         /* insert swap space into swap_list: */
2017         prev = -1;
2018         for (i = swap_list.head; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i]->next) {
2019                 if (p->prio >= swap_info[i]->prio)
2020                         break;
2021                 prev = i;
2022         }
2023         p->next = i;
2024         if (prev < 0)
2025                 swap_list.head = swap_list.next = type;
2026         else
2027                 swap_info[prev]->next = type;
2028         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
2029         mutex_unlock(&swapon_mutex);
2030         error = 0;
2031         goto out;
2032 bad_swap:
2033         if (bdev) {
2034                 set_blocksize(bdev, p->old_block_size);
2035                 bd_release(bdev);
2036         }
2037         destroy_swap_extents(p);
2038         swap_cgroup_swapoff(type);
2039 bad_swap_2:
2040         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
2041         p->swap_file = NULL;
2042         p->flags = 0;
2043         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
2044         vfree(swap_map);
2045         if (swap_file)
2046                 filp_close(swap_file, NULL);
2047 out:
2048         if (page && !IS_ERR(page)) {
2049                 kunmap(page);
2050                 page_cache_release(page);
2051         }
2052         if (name)
2053                 putname(name);
2054         if (did_down) {
2055                 if (!error)
2056                         inode->i_flags |= S_SWAPFILE;
2057                 mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
2058         }
2059         return error;
2060 }
2061
2062 void si_swapinfo(struct sysinfo *val)
2063 {
2064         unsigned int type;
2065         unsigned long nr_to_be_unused = 0;
2066
2067         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
2068         for (type = 0; type < nr_swapfiles; type++) {
2069                 struct swap_info_struct *si = swap_info[type];
2070
2071                 if ((si->flags & SWP_USED) && !(si->flags & SWP_WRITEOK))
2072                         nr_to_be_unused += si->inuse_pages;
2073         }
2074         val->freeswap = nr_swap_pages + nr_to_be_unused;
2075         val->totalswap = total_swap_pages + nr_to_be_unused;
2076         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
2077 }
2078
2079 /*
2080  * Verify that a swap entry is valid and increment its swap map count.
2081  *
2082  * Note: if swap_map[] reaches SWAP_MAP_MAX the entries are treated as
2083  * "permanent", but will be reclaimed by the next swapoff.
2084  * Returns error code in following case.
2085  * - success -> 0
2086  * - swp_entry is invalid -> EINVAL
2087  * - swp_entry is migration entry -> EINVAL
2088  * - swap-cache reference is requested but there is already one. -> EEXIST
2089  * - swap-cache reference is requested but the entry is not used. -> ENOENT
2090  */
2091 static int __swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned char usage)
2092 {
2093         struct swap_info_struct *p;
2094         unsigned long offset, type;
2095         unsigned char count;
2096         unsigned char has_cache;
2097         int err = -EINVAL;
2098
2099         if (non_swap_entry(entry))
2100                 goto out;
2101
2102         type = swp_type(entry);
2103         if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
2104                 goto bad_file;
2105         p = swap_info[type];
2106         offset = swp_offset(entry);
2107
2108         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
2109         if (unlikely(offset >= p->max))
2110                 goto unlock_out;
2111
2112         count = p->swap_map[offset];
2113         has_cache = count & SWAP_HAS_CACHE;
2114         count &= ~SWAP_HAS_CACHE;
2115         err = 0;
2116
2117         if (usage == SWAP_HAS_CACHE) {
2118
2119                 /* set SWAP_HAS_CACHE if there is no cache and entry is used */
2120                 if (!has_cache && count)
2121                         has_cache = SWAP_HAS_CACHE;
2122                 else if (has_cache)             /* someone else added cache */
2123                         err = -EEXIST;
2124                 else                            /* no users remaining */
2125                         err = -ENOENT;
2126
2127         } else if (count || has_cache) {
2128
2129                 if (count < SWAP_MAP_MAX - 1)
2130                         count++;
2131                 else if (count <= SWAP_MAP_MAX) {
2132                         if (swap_overflow++ < 5)
2133                                 printk(KERN_WARNING
2134                                        "swap_dup: swap entry overflow\n");
2135                         count = SWAP_MAP_MAX;
2136                 } else
2137                         err = -EINVAL;
2138         } else
2139                 err = -ENOENT;                  /* unused swap entry */
2140
2141         p->swap_map[offset] = count | has_cache;
2142
2143 unlock_out:
2144         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
2145 out:
2146         return err;
2147
2148 bad_file:
2149         printk(KERN_ERR "swap_dup: %s%08lx\n", Bad_file, entry.val);
2150         goto out;
2151 }
2152
2153 /*
2154  * increase reference count of swap entry by 1.
2155  */
2156 void swap_duplicate(swp_entry_t entry)
2157 {
2158         __swap_duplicate(entry, 1);
2159 }
2160
2161 /*
2162  * @entry: swap entry for which we allocate swap cache.
2163  *
2164  * Called when allocating swap cache for existing swap entry,
2165  * This can return error codes. Returns 0 at success.
2166  * -EBUSY means there is a swap cache.
2167  * Note: return code is different from swap_duplicate().
2168  */
2169 int swapcache_prepare(swp_entry_t entry)
2170 {
2171         return __swap_duplicate(entry, SWAP_HAS_CACHE);
2172 }
2173
2174 /*
2175  * swap_lock prevents swap_map being freed. Don't grab an extra
2176  * reference on the swaphandle, it doesn't matter if it becomes unused.
2177  */
2178 int valid_swaphandles(swp_entry_t entry, unsigned long *offset)
2179 {
2180         struct swap_info_struct *si;
2181         int our_page_cluster = page_cluster;
2182         pgoff_t target, toff;
2183         pgoff_t base, end;
2184         int nr_pages = 0;
2185
2186         if (!our_page_cluster)  /* no readahead */
2187                 return 0;
2188
2189         si = swap_info[swp_type(entry)];
2190         target = swp_offset(entry);
2191         base = (target >> our_page_cluster) << our_page_cluster;
2192         end = base + (1 << our_page_cluster);
2193         if (!base)              /* first page is swap header */
2194                 base++;
2195
2196         spin_lock(&swap_lock);
2197         if (end > si->max)      /* don't go beyond end of map */
2198                 end = si->max;
2199
2200         /* Count contiguous allocated slots above our target */
2201         for (toff = target; ++toff < end; nr_pages++) {
2202                 /* Don't read in free or bad pages */
2203                 if (!si->swap_map[toff])
2204                         break;
2205                 if (swap_count(si->swap_map[toff]) == SWAP_MAP_BAD)
2206                         break;
2207         }
2208         /* Count contiguous allocated slots below our target */
2209         for (toff = target; --toff >= base; nr_pages++) {
2210                 /* Don't read in free or bad pages */
2211                 if (!si->swap_map[toff])
2212                         break;
2213                 if (swap_count(si->swap_map[toff]) == SWAP_MAP_BAD)
2214                         break;
2215         }
2216         spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
2217
2218         /*
2219          * Indicate starting offset, and return number of pages to get:
2220          * if only 1, say 0, since there's then no readahead to be done.
2221          */
2222         *offset = ++toff;
2223         return nr_pages? ++nr_pages: 0;
2224 }