this_cpu: Use this_cpu operations in RCU
[linux-2.6.git] / kernel / rcutorture.c
1 /*
2  * Read-Copy Update module-based torture test facility
3  *
4  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
5  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
6  * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
7  * (at your option) any later version.
8  *
9  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
12  * GNU General Public License for more details.
13  *
14  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
15  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
16  * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
17  *
18  * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2005, 2006
19  *
20  * Authors: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com>
21  *        Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>
22  *
23  * See also:  Documentation/RCU/torture.txt
24  */
25 #include <linux/types.h>
26 #include <linux/kernel.h>
27 #include <linux/init.h>
28 #include <linux/module.h>
29 #include <linux/kthread.h>
30 #include <linux/err.h>
31 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
32 #include <linux/smp.h>
33 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
34 #include <linux/interrupt.h>
35 #include <linux/sched.h>
36 #include <asm/atomic.h>
37 #include <linux/bitops.h>
38 #include <linux/completion.h>
39 #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
40 #include <linux/percpu.h>
41 #include <linux/notifier.h>
42 #include <linux/reboot.h>
43 #include <linux/freezer.h>
44 #include <linux/cpu.h>
45 #include <linux/delay.h>
46 #include <linux/stat.h>
47 #include <linux/srcu.h>
48 #include <linux/slab.h>
49 #include <asm/byteorder.h>
50
51 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
52 MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com> and "
53               "Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>");
54
55 static int nreaders = -1;       /* # reader threads, defaults to 2*ncpus */
56 static int nfakewriters = 4;    /* # fake writer threads */
57 static int stat_interval;       /* Interval between stats, in seconds. */
58                                 /*  Defaults to "only at end of test". */
59 static int verbose;             /* Print more debug info. */
60 static int test_no_idle_hz;     /* Test RCU's support for tickless idle CPUs. */
61 static int shuffle_interval = 3; /* Interval between shuffles (in sec)*/
62 static int stutter = 5;         /* Start/stop testing interval (in sec) */
63 static int irqreader = 1;       /* RCU readers from irq (timers). */
64 static char *torture_type = "rcu"; /* What RCU implementation to torture. */
65
66 module_param(nreaders, int, 0444);
67 MODULE_PARM_DESC(nreaders, "Number of RCU reader threads");
68 module_param(nfakewriters, int, 0444);
69 MODULE_PARM_DESC(nfakewriters, "Number of RCU fake writer threads");
70 module_param(stat_interval, int, 0444);
71 MODULE_PARM_DESC(stat_interval, "Number of seconds between stats printk()s");
72 module_param(verbose, bool, 0444);
73 MODULE_PARM_DESC(verbose, "Enable verbose debugging printk()s");
74 module_param(test_no_idle_hz, bool, 0444);
75 MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_no_idle_hz, "Test support for tickless idle CPUs");
76 module_param(shuffle_interval, int, 0444);
77 MODULE_PARM_DESC(shuffle_interval, "Number of seconds between shuffles");
78 module_param(stutter, int, 0444);
79 MODULE_PARM_DESC(stutter, "Number of seconds to run/halt test");
80 module_param(irqreader, int, 0444);
81 MODULE_PARM_DESC(irqreader, "Allow RCU readers from irq handlers");
82 module_param(torture_type, charp, 0444);
83 MODULE_PARM_DESC(torture_type, "Type of RCU to torture (rcu, rcu_bh, srcu)");
84
85 #define TORTURE_FLAG "-torture:"
86 #define PRINTK_STRING(s) \
87         do { printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
88 #define VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(s) \
89         do { if (verbose) printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
90 #define VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING(s) \
91         do { if (verbose) printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG "!!! " s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
92
93 static char printk_buf[4096];
94
95 static int nrealreaders;
96 static struct task_struct *writer_task;
97 static struct task_struct **fakewriter_tasks;
98 static struct task_struct **reader_tasks;
99 static struct task_struct *stats_task;
100 static struct task_struct *shuffler_task;
101 static struct task_struct *stutter_task;
102
103 #define RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN 10
104
105 struct rcu_torture {
106         struct rcu_head rtort_rcu;
107         int rtort_pipe_count;
108         struct list_head rtort_free;
109         int rtort_mbtest;
110 };
111
112 static LIST_HEAD(rcu_torture_freelist);
113 static struct rcu_torture *rcu_torture_current;
114 static long rcu_torture_current_version;
115 static struct rcu_torture rcu_tortures[10 * RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN];
116 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rcu_torture_lock);
117 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long [RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1], rcu_torture_count) =
118         { 0 };
119 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long [RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1], rcu_torture_batch) =
120         { 0 };
121 static atomic_t rcu_torture_wcount[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1];
122 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc;
123 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail;
124 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_free;
125 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_mberror;
126 static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_error;
127 static long n_rcu_torture_timers;
128 static struct list_head rcu_torture_removed;
129 static cpumask_var_t shuffle_tmp_mask;
130
131 static int stutter_pause_test;
132
133 #if defined(MODULE) || defined(CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_RUNNABLE)
134 #define RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT 1
135 #else
136 #define RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT 0
137 #endif
138 int rcutorture_runnable = RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT;
139
140 /* Mediate rmmod and system shutdown.  Concurrent rmmod & shutdown illegal! */
141
142 #define FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP 0     /* Normal operation. */
143 #define FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN 1     /* System shutdown with rcutorture running. */
144 #define FULLSTOP_RMMOD    2     /* Normal rmmod of rcutorture. */
145 static int fullstop = FULLSTOP_RMMOD;
146 DEFINE_MUTEX(fullstop_mutex);   /* Protect fullstop transitions and spawning */
147                                 /*  of kthreads. */
148
149 /*
150  * Detect and respond to a system shutdown.
151  */
152 static int
153 rcutorture_shutdown_notify(struct notifier_block *unused1,
154                            unsigned long unused2, void *unused3)
155 {
156         mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
157         if (fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP)
158                 fullstop = FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN;
159         else
160                 printk(KERN_WARNING /* but going down anyway, so... */
161                        "Concurrent 'rmmod rcutorture' and shutdown illegal!\n");
162         mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
163         return NOTIFY_DONE;
164 }
165
166 /*
167  * Absorb kthreads into a kernel function that won't return, so that
168  * they won't ever access module text or data again.
169  */
170 static void rcutorture_shutdown_absorb(char *title)
171 {
172         if (ACCESS_ONCE(fullstop) == FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN) {
173                 printk(KERN_NOTICE
174                        "rcutorture thread %s parking due to system shutdown\n",
175                        title);
176                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT);
177         }
178 }
179
180 /*
181  * Allocate an element from the rcu_tortures pool.
182  */
183 static struct rcu_torture *
184 rcu_torture_alloc(void)
185 {
186         struct list_head *p;
187
188         spin_lock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
189         if (list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist)) {
190                 atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail);
191                 spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
192                 return NULL;
193         }
194         atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_alloc);
195         p = rcu_torture_freelist.next;
196         list_del_init(p);
197         spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
198         return container_of(p, struct rcu_torture, rtort_free);
199 }
200
201 /*
202  * Free an element to the rcu_tortures pool.
203  */
204 static void
205 rcu_torture_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
206 {
207         atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_free);
208         spin_lock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
209         list_add_tail(&p->rtort_free, &rcu_torture_freelist);
210         spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
211 }
212
213 struct rcu_random_state {
214         unsigned long rrs_state;
215         long rrs_count;
216 };
217
218 #define RCU_RANDOM_MULT 39916801  /* prime */
219 #define RCU_RANDOM_ADD  479001701 /* prime */
220 #define RCU_RANDOM_REFRESH 10000
221
222 #define DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(name) struct rcu_random_state name = { 0, 0 }
223
224 /*
225  * Crude but fast random-number generator.  Uses a linear congruential
226  * generator, with occasional help from cpu_clock().
227  */
228 static unsigned long
229 rcu_random(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
230 {
231         if (--rrsp->rrs_count < 0) {
232                 rrsp->rrs_state +=
233                         (unsigned long)cpu_clock(raw_smp_processor_id());
234                 rrsp->rrs_count = RCU_RANDOM_REFRESH;
235         }
236         rrsp->rrs_state = rrsp->rrs_state * RCU_RANDOM_MULT + RCU_RANDOM_ADD;
237         return swahw32(rrsp->rrs_state);
238 }
239
240 static void
241 rcu_stutter_wait(char *title)
242 {
243         while (stutter_pause_test || !rcutorture_runnable) {
244                 if (rcutorture_runnable)
245                         schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);
246                 else
247                         schedule_timeout_interruptible(round_jiffies_relative(HZ));
248                 rcutorture_shutdown_absorb(title);
249         }
250 }
251
252 /*
253  * Operations vector for selecting different types of tests.
254  */
255
256 struct rcu_torture_ops {
257         void (*init)(void);
258         void (*cleanup)(void);
259         int (*readlock)(void);
260         void (*read_delay)(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp);
261         void (*readunlock)(int idx);
262         int (*completed)(void);
263         void (*deferred_free)(struct rcu_torture *p);
264         void (*sync)(void);
265         void (*cb_barrier)(void);
266         int (*stats)(char *page);
267         int irq_capable;
268         char *name;
269 };
270
271 static struct rcu_torture_ops *cur_ops;
272
273 /*
274  * Definitions for rcu torture testing.
275  */
276
277 static int rcu_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(RCU)
278 {
279         rcu_read_lock();
280         return 0;
281 }
282
283 static void rcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
284 {
285         const unsigned long shortdelay_us = 200;
286         const unsigned long longdelay_ms = 50;
287
288         /* We want a short delay sometimes to make a reader delay the grace
289          * period, and we want a long delay occasionally to trigger
290          * force_quiescent_state. */
291
292         if (!(rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2000 * longdelay_ms)))
293                 mdelay(longdelay_ms);
294         if (!(rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * shortdelay_us)))
295                 udelay(shortdelay_us);
296 }
297
298 static void rcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(RCU)
299 {
300         rcu_read_unlock();
301 }
302
303 static int rcu_torture_completed(void)
304 {
305         return rcu_batches_completed();
306 }
307
308 static void
309 rcu_torture_cb(struct rcu_head *p)
310 {
311         int i;
312         struct rcu_torture *rp = container_of(p, struct rcu_torture, rtort_rcu);
313
314         if (fullstop != FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP) {
315                 /* Test is ending, just drop callbacks on the floor. */
316                 /* The next initialization will pick up the pieces. */
317                 return;
318         }
319         i = rp->rtort_pipe_count;
320         if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
321                 i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
322         atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
323         if (++rp->rtort_pipe_count >= RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
324                 rp->rtort_mbtest = 0;
325                 rcu_torture_free(rp);
326         } else
327                 cur_ops->deferred_free(rp);
328 }
329
330 static void rcu_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
331 {
332         call_rcu(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
333 }
334
335 static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_ops = {
336         .init           = NULL,
337         .cleanup        = NULL,
338         .readlock       = rcu_torture_read_lock,
339         .read_delay     = rcu_read_delay,
340         .readunlock     = rcu_torture_read_unlock,
341         .completed      = rcu_torture_completed,
342         .deferred_free  = rcu_torture_deferred_free,
343         .sync           = synchronize_rcu,
344         .cb_barrier     = rcu_barrier,
345         .stats          = NULL,
346         .irq_capable    = 1,
347         .name           = "rcu"
348 };
349
350 static void rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
351 {
352         int i;
353         struct rcu_torture *rp;
354         struct rcu_torture *rp1;
355
356         cur_ops->sync();
357         list_add(&p->rtort_free, &rcu_torture_removed);
358         list_for_each_entry_safe(rp, rp1, &rcu_torture_removed, rtort_free) {
359                 i = rp->rtort_pipe_count;
360                 if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
361                         i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
362                 atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
363                 if (++rp->rtort_pipe_count >= RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
364                         rp->rtort_mbtest = 0;
365                         list_del(&rp->rtort_free);
366                         rcu_torture_free(rp);
367                 }
368         }
369 }
370
371 static void rcu_sync_torture_init(void)
372 {
373         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rcu_torture_removed);
374 }
375
376 static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_sync_ops = {
377         .init           = rcu_sync_torture_init,
378         .cleanup        = NULL,
379         .readlock       = rcu_torture_read_lock,
380         .read_delay     = rcu_read_delay,
381         .readunlock     = rcu_torture_read_unlock,
382         .completed      = rcu_torture_completed,
383         .deferred_free  = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
384         .sync           = synchronize_rcu,
385         .cb_barrier     = NULL,
386         .stats          = NULL,
387         .irq_capable    = 1,
388         .name           = "rcu_sync"
389 };
390
391 /*
392  * Definitions for rcu_bh torture testing.
393  */
394
395 static int rcu_bh_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(RCU_BH)
396 {
397         rcu_read_lock_bh();
398         return 0;
399 }
400
401 static void rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(RCU_BH)
402 {
403         rcu_read_unlock_bh();
404 }
405
406 static int rcu_bh_torture_completed(void)
407 {
408         return rcu_batches_completed_bh();
409 }
410
411 static void rcu_bh_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
412 {
413         call_rcu_bh(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
414 }
415
416 struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize {
417         struct rcu_head head;
418         struct completion completion;
419 };
420
421 static void rcu_bh_torture_wakeme_after_cb(struct rcu_head *head)
422 {
423         struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize *rcu;
424
425         rcu = container_of(head, struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize, head);
426         complete(&rcu->completion);
427 }
428
429 static void rcu_bh_torture_synchronize(void)
430 {
431         struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize rcu;
432
433         init_completion(&rcu.completion);
434         call_rcu_bh(&rcu.head, rcu_bh_torture_wakeme_after_cb);
435         wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
436 }
437
438 static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_ops = {
439         .init           = NULL,
440         .cleanup        = NULL,
441         .readlock       = rcu_bh_torture_read_lock,
442         .read_delay     = rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
443         .readunlock     = rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock,
444         .completed      = rcu_bh_torture_completed,
445         .deferred_free  = rcu_bh_torture_deferred_free,
446         .sync           = rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
447         .cb_barrier     = rcu_barrier_bh,
448         .stats          = NULL,
449         .irq_capable    = 1,
450         .name           = "rcu_bh"
451 };
452
453 static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_sync_ops = {
454         .init           = rcu_sync_torture_init,
455         .cleanup        = NULL,
456         .readlock       = rcu_bh_torture_read_lock,
457         .read_delay     = rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
458         .readunlock     = rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock,
459         .completed      = rcu_bh_torture_completed,
460         .deferred_free  = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
461         .sync           = rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
462         .cb_barrier     = NULL,
463         .stats          = NULL,
464         .irq_capable    = 1,
465         .name           = "rcu_bh_sync"
466 };
467
468 /*
469  * Definitions for srcu torture testing.
470  */
471
472 static struct srcu_struct srcu_ctl;
473
474 static void srcu_torture_init(void)
475 {
476         init_srcu_struct(&srcu_ctl);
477         rcu_sync_torture_init();
478 }
479
480 static void srcu_torture_cleanup(void)
481 {
482         synchronize_srcu(&srcu_ctl);
483         cleanup_srcu_struct(&srcu_ctl);
484 }
485
486 static int srcu_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(&srcu_ctl)
487 {
488         return srcu_read_lock(&srcu_ctl);
489 }
490
491 static void srcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
492 {
493         long delay;
494         const long uspertick = 1000000 / HZ;
495         const long longdelay = 10;
496
497         /* We want there to be long-running readers, but not all the time. */
498
499         delay = rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * longdelay * uspertick);
500         if (!delay)
501                 schedule_timeout_interruptible(longdelay);
502 }
503
504 static void srcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(&srcu_ctl)
505 {
506         srcu_read_unlock(&srcu_ctl, idx);
507 }
508
509 static int srcu_torture_completed(void)
510 {
511         return srcu_batches_completed(&srcu_ctl);
512 }
513
514 static void srcu_torture_synchronize(void)
515 {
516         synchronize_srcu(&srcu_ctl);
517 }
518
519 static int srcu_torture_stats(char *page)
520 {
521         int cnt = 0;
522         int cpu;
523         int idx = srcu_ctl.completed & 0x1;
524
525         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s per-CPU(idx=%d):",
526                        torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG, idx);
527         for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
528                 cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %d(%d,%d)", cpu,
529                                per_cpu_ptr(srcu_ctl.per_cpu_ref, cpu)->c[!idx],
530                                per_cpu_ptr(srcu_ctl.per_cpu_ref, cpu)->c[idx]);
531         }
532         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n");
533         return cnt;
534 }
535
536 static struct rcu_torture_ops srcu_ops = {
537         .init           = srcu_torture_init,
538         .cleanup        = srcu_torture_cleanup,
539         .readlock       = srcu_torture_read_lock,
540         .read_delay     = srcu_read_delay,
541         .readunlock     = srcu_torture_read_unlock,
542         .completed      = srcu_torture_completed,
543         .deferred_free  = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
544         .sync           = srcu_torture_synchronize,
545         .cb_barrier     = NULL,
546         .stats          = srcu_torture_stats,
547         .name           = "srcu"
548 };
549
550 /*
551  * Definitions for sched torture testing.
552  */
553
554 static int sched_torture_read_lock(void)
555 {
556         preempt_disable();
557         return 0;
558 }
559
560 static void sched_torture_read_unlock(int idx)
561 {
562         preempt_enable();
563 }
564
565 static int sched_torture_completed(void)
566 {
567         return 0;
568 }
569
570 static void rcu_sched_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
571 {
572         call_rcu_sched(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
573 }
574
575 static void sched_torture_synchronize(void)
576 {
577         synchronize_sched();
578 }
579
580 static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_ops = {
581         .init           = rcu_sync_torture_init,
582         .cleanup        = NULL,
583         .readlock       = sched_torture_read_lock,
584         .read_delay     = rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
585         .readunlock     = sched_torture_read_unlock,
586         .completed      = sched_torture_completed,
587         .deferred_free  = rcu_sched_torture_deferred_free,
588         .sync           = sched_torture_synchronize,
589         .cb_barrier     = rcu_barrier_sched,
590         .stats          = NULL,
591         .irq_capable    = 1,
592         .name           = "sched"
593 };
594
595 static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_ops_sync = {
596         .init           = rcu_sync_torture_init,
597         .cleanup        = NULL,
598         .readlock       = sched_torture_read_lock,
599         .read_delay     = rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
600         .readunlock     = sched_torture_read_unlock,
601         .completed      = sched_torture_completed,
602         .deferred_free  = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
603         .sync           = sched_torture_synchronize,
604         .cb_barrier     = NULL,
605         .stats          = NULL,
606         .name           = "sched_sync"
607 };
608
609 extern int rcu_expedited_torture_stats(char *page);
610
611 static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_expedited_ops = {
612         .init           = rcu_sync_torture_init,
613         .cleanup        = NULL,
614         .readlock       = sched_torture_read_lock,
615         .read_delay     = rcu_read_delay,  /* just reuse rcu's version. */
616         .readunlock     = sched_torture_read_unlock,
617         .completed      = sched_torture_completed,
618         .deferred_free  = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
619         .sync           = synchronize_sched_expedited,
620         .cb_barrier     = NULL,
621         .stats          = rcu_expedited_torture_stats,
622         .irq_capable    = 1,
623         .name           = "sched_expedited"
624 };
625
626 /*
627  * RCU torture writer kthread.  Repeatedly substitutes a new structure
628  * for that pointed to by rcu_torture_current, freeing the old structure
629  * after a series of grace periods (the "pipeline").
630  */
631 static int
632 rcu_torture_writer(void *arg)
633 {
634         int i;
635         long oldbatch = rcu_batches_completed();
636         struct rcu_torture *rp;
637         struct rcu_torture *old_rp;
638         static DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
639
640         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_writer task started");
641         set_user_nice(current, 19);
642
643         do {
644                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
645                 rp = rcu_torture_alloc();
646                 if (rp == NULL)
647                         continue;
648                 rp->rtort_pipe_count = 0;
649                 udelay(rcu_random(&rand) & 0x3ff);
650                 old_rp = rcu_torture_current;
651                 rp->rtort_mbtest = 1;
652                 rcu_assign_pointer(rcu_torture_current, rp);
653                 smp_wmb();
654                 if (old_rp) {
655                         i = old_rp->rtort_pipe_count;
656                         if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
657                                 i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
658                         atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
659                         old_rp->rtort_pipe_count++;
660                         cur_ops->deferred_free(old_rp);
661                 }
662                 rcu_torture_current_version++;
663                 oldbatch = cur_ops->completed();
664                 rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_writer");
665         } while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
666         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_writer task stopping");
667         rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_writer");
668         while (!kthread_should_stop())
669                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
670         return 0;
671 }
672
673 /*
674  * RCU torture fake writer kthread.  Repeatedly calls sync, with a random
675  * delay between calls.
676  */
677 static int
678 rcu_torture_fakewriter(void *arg)
679 {
680         DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
681
682         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fakewriter task started");
683         set_user_nice(current, 19);
684
685         do {
686                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1 + rcu_random(&rand)%10);
687                 udelay(rcu_random(&rand) & 0x3ff);
688                 cur_ops->sync();
689                 rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_fakewriter");
690         } while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
691
692         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fakewriter task stopping");
693         rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_fakewriter");
694         while (!kthread_should_stop())
695                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
696         return 0;
697 }
698
699 /*
700  * RCU torture reader from timer handler.  Dereferences rcu_torture_current,
701  * incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array.  The
702  * counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
703  * RCU implementation is broken.
704  */
705 static void rcu_torture_timer(unsigned long unused)
706 {
707         int idx;
708         int completed;
709         static DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
710         static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rand_lock);
711         struct rcu_torture *p;
712         int pipe_count;
713
714         idx = cur_ops->readlock();
715         completed = cur_ops->completed();
716         p = rcu_dereference(rcu_torture_current);
717         if (p == NULL) {
718                 /* Leave because rcu_torture_writer is not yet underway */
719                 cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
720                 return;
721         }
722         if (p->rtort_mbtest == 0)
723                 atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_mberror);
724         spin_lock(&rand_lock);
725         cur_ops->read_delay(&rand);
726         n_rcu_torture_timers++;
727         spin_unlock(&rand_lock);
728         preempt_disable();
729         pipe_count = p->rtort_pipe_count;
730         if (pipe_count > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
731                 /* Should not happen, but... */
732                 pipe_count = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
733         }
734         __this_cpu_inc(per_cpu_var(rcu_torture_count)[pipe_count]);
735         completed = cur_ops->completed() - completed;
736         if (completed > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
737                 /* Should not happen, but... */
738                 completed = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
739         }
740         __this_cpu_inc(per_cpu_var(rcu_torture_batch)[completed]);
741         preempt_enable();
742         cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
743 }
744
745 /*
746  * RCU torture reader kthread.  Repeatedly dereferences rcu_torture_current,
747  * incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array.  The
748  * counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
749  * RCU implementation is broken.
750  */
751 static int
752 rcu_torture_reader(void *arg)
753 {
754         int completed;
755         int idx;
756         DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
757         struct rcu_torture *p;
758         int pipe_count;
759         struct timer_list t;
760
761         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task started");
762         set_user_nice(current, 19);
763         if (irqreader && cur_ops->irq_capable)
764                 setup_timer_on_stack(&t, rcu_torture_timer, 0);
765
766         do {
767                 if (irqreader && cur_ops->irq_capable) {
768                         if (!timer_pending(&t))
769                                 mod_timer(&t, 1);
770                 }
771                 idx = cur_ops->readlock();
772                 completed = cur_ops->completed();
773                 p = rcu_dereference(rcu_torture_current);
774                 if (p == NULL) {
775                         /* Wait for rcu_torture_writer to get underway */
776                         cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
777                         schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ);
778                         continue;
779                 }
780                 if (p->rtort_mbtest == 0)
781                         atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_mberror);
782                 cur_ops->read_delay(&rand);
783                 preempt_disable();
784                 pipe_count = p->rtort_pipe_count;
785                 if (pipe_count > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
786                         /* Should not happen, but... */
787                         pipe_count = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
788                 }
789                 __this_cpu_inc(per_cpu_var(rcu_torture_count)[pipe_count]);
790                 completed = cur_ops->completed() - completed;
791                 if (completed > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
792                         /* Should not happen, but... */
793                         completed = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
794                 }
795                 __this_cpu_inc(per_cpu_var(rcu_torture_batch)[completed]);
796                 preempt_enable();
797                 cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
798                 schedule();
799                 rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_reader");
800         } while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
801         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task stopping");
802         rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_reader");
803         if (irqreader && cur_ops->irq_capable)
804                 del_timer_sync(&t);
805         while (!kthread_should_stop())
806                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
807         return 0;
808 }
809
810 /*
811  * Create an RCU-torture statistics message in the specified buffer.
812  */
813 static int
814 rcu_torture_printk(char *page)
815 {
816         int cnt = 0;
817         int cpu;
818         int i;
819         long pipesummary[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1] = { 0 };
820         long batchsummary[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1] = { 0 };
821
822         for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
823                 for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
824                         pipesummary[i] += per_cpu(rcu_torture_count, cpu)[i];
825                         batchsummary[i] += per_cpu(rcu_torture_batch, cpu)[i];
826                 }
827         }
828         for (i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
829                 if (pipesummary[i] != 0)
830                         break;
831         }
832         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
833         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt],
834                        "rtc: %p ver: %ld tfle: %d rta: %d rtaf: %d rtf: %d "
835                        "rtmbe: %d nt: %ld",
836                        rcu_torture_current,
837                        rcu_torture_current_version,
838                        list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist),
839                        atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc),
840                        atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail),
841                        atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_free),
842                        atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror),
843                        n_rcu_torture_timers);
844         if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror) != 0)
845                 cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " !!!");
846         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
847         if (i > 1) {
848                 cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "!!! ");
849                 atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_error);
850                 WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
851         }
852         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Reader Pipe: ");
853         for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
854                 cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %ld", pipesummary[i]);
855         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
856         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Reader Batch: ");
857         for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
858                 cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %ld", batchsummary[i]);
859         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
860         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Free-Block Circulation: ");
861         for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
862                 cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %d",
863                                atomic_read(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]));
864         }
865         cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n");
866         if (cur_ops->stats)
867                 cnt += cur_ops->stats(&page[cnt]);
868         return cnt;
869 }
870
871 /*
872  * Print torture statistics.  Caller must ensure that there is only
873  * one call to this function at a given time!!!  This is normally
874  * accomplished by relying on the module system to only have one copy
875  * of the module loaded, and then by giving the rcu_torture_stats
876  * kthread full control (or the init/cleanup functions when rcu_torture_stats
877  * thread is not running).
878  */
879 static void
880 rcu_torture_stats_print(void)
881 {
882         int cnt;
883
884         cnt = rcu_torture_printk(printk_buf);
885         printk(KERN_ALERT "%s", printk_buf);
886 }
887
888 /*
889  * Periodically prints torture statistics, if periodic statistics printing
890  * was specified via the stat_interval module parameter.
891  *
892  * No need to worry about fullstop here, since this one doesn't reference
893  * volatile state or register callbacks.
894  */
895 static int
896 rcu_torture_stats(void *arg)
897 {
898         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stats task started");
899         do {
900                 schedule_timeout_interruptible(stat_interval * HZ);
901                 rcu_torture_stats_print();
902                 rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_stats");
903         } while (!kthread_should_stop());
904         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stats task stopping");
905         return 0;
906 }
907
908 static int rcu_idle_cpu;        /* Force all torture tasks off this CPU */
909
910 /* Shuffle tasks such that we allow @rcu_idle_cpu to become idle. A special case
911  * is when @rcu_idle_cpu = -1, when we allow the tasks to run on all CPUs.
912  */
913 static void rcu_torture_shuffle_tasks(void)
914 {
915         int i;
916
917         cpumask_setall(shuffle_tmp_mask);
918         get_online_cpus();
919
920         /* No point in shuffling if there is only one online CPU (ex: UP) */
921         if (num_online_cpus() == 1) {
922                 put_online_cpus();
923                 return;
924         }
925
926         if (rcu_idle_cpu != -1)
927                 cpumask_clear_cpu(rcu_idle_cpu, shuffle_tmp_mask);
928
929         set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, shuffle_tmp_mask);
930
931         if (reader_tasks) {
932                 for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++)
933                         if (reader_tasks[i])
934                                 set_cpus_allowed_ptr(reader_tasks[i],
935                                                      shuffle_tmp_mask);
936         }
937
938         if (fakewriter_tasks) {
939                 for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++)
940                         if (fakewriter_tasks[i])
941                                 set_cpus_allowed_ptr(fakewriter_tasks[i],
942                                                      shuffle_tmp_mask);
943         }
944
945         if (writer_task)
946                 set_cpus_allowed_ptr(writer_task, shuffle_tmp_mask);
947
948         if (stats_task)
949                 set_cpus_allowed_ptr(stats_task, shuffle_tmp_mask);
950
951         if (rcu_idle_cpu == -1)
952                 rcu_idle_cpu = num_online_cpus() - 1;
953         else
954                 rcu_idle_cpu--;
955
956         put_online_cpus();
957 }
958
959 /* Shuffle tasks across CPUs, with the intent of allowing each CPU in the
960  * system to become idle at a time and cut off its timer ticks. This is meant
961  * to test the support for such tickless idle CPU in RCU.
962  */
963 static int
964 rcu_torture_shuffle(void *arg)
965 {
966         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_shuffle task started");
967         do {
968                 schedule_timeout_interruptible(shuffle_interval * HZ);
969                 rcu_torture_shuffle_tasks();
970                 rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_shuffle");
971         } while (!kthread_should_stop());
972         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_shuffle task stopping");
973         return 0;
974 }
975
976 /* Cause the rcutorture test to "stutter", starting and stopping all
977  * threads periodically.
978  */
979 static int
980 rcu_torture_stutter(void *arg)
981 {
982         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stutter task started");
983         do {
984                 schedule_timeout_interruptible(stutter * HZ);
985                 stutter_pause_test = 1;
986                 if (!kthread_should_stop())
987                         schedule_timeout_interruptible(stutter * HZ);
988                 stutter_pause_test = 0;
989                 rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_stutter");
990         } while (!kthread_should_stop());
991         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stutter task stopping");
992         return 0;
993 }
994
995 static inline void
996 rcu_torture_print_module_parms(char *tag)
997 {
998         printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG
999                 "--- %s: nreaders=%d nfakewriters=%d "
1000                 "stat_interval=%d verbose=%d test_no_idle_hz=%d "
1001                 "shuffle_interval=%d stutter=%d irqreader=%d\n",
1002                 torture_type, tag, nrealreaders, nfakewriters,
1003                 stat_interval, verbose, test_no_idle_hz, shuffle_interval,
1004                 stutter, irqreader);
1005 }
1006
1007 static struct notifier_block rcutorture_nb = {
1008         .notifier_call = rcutorture_shutdown_notify,
1009 };
1010
1011 static void
1012 rcu_torture_cleanup(void)
1013 {
1014         int i;
1015
1016         mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
1017         if (fullstop == FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN) {
1018                 printk(KERN_WARNING /* but going down anyway, so... */
1019                        "Concurrent 'rmmod rcutorture' and shutdown illegal!\n");
1020                 mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
1021                 schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(10);
1022                 if (cur_ops->cb_barrier != NULL)
1023                         cur_ops->cb_barrier();
1024                 return;
1025         }
1026         fullstop = FULLSTOP_RMMOD;
1027         mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
1028         unregister_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
1029         if (stutter_task) {
1030                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_stutter task");
1031                 kthread_stop(stutter_task);
1032         }
1033         stutter_task = NULL;
1034         if (shuffler_task) {
1035                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_shuffle task");
1036                 kthread_stop(shuffler_task);
1037                 free_cpumask_var(shuffle_tmp_mask);
1038         }
1039         shuffler_task = NULL;
1040
1041         if (writer_task) {
1042                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_writer task");
1043                 kthread_stop(writer_task);
1044         }
1045         writer_task = NULL;
1046
1047         if (reader_tasks) {
1048                 for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++) {
1049                         if (reader_tasks[i]) {
1050                                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(
1051                                         "Stopping rcu_torture_reader task");
1052                                 kthread_stop(reader_tasks[i]);
1053                         }
1054                         reader_tasks[i] = NULL;
1055                 }
1056                 kfree(reader_tasks);
1057                 reader_tasks = NULL;
1058         }
1059         rcu_torture_current = NULL;
1060
1061         if (fakewriter_tasks) {
1062                 for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++) {
1063                         if (fakewriter_tasks[i]) {
1064                                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(
1065                                         "Stopping rcu_torture_fakewriter task");
1066                                 kthread_stop(fakewriter_tasks[i]);
1067                         }
1068                         fakewriter_tasks[i] = NULL;
1069                 }
1070                 kfree(fakewriter_tasks);
1071                 fakewriter_tasks = NULL;
1072         }
1073
1074         if (stats_task) {
1075                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_stats task");
1076                 kthread_stop(stats_task);
1077         }
1078         stats_task = NULL;
1079
1080         /* Wait for all RCU callbacks to fire.  */
1081
1082         if (cur_ops->cb_barrier != NULL)
1083                 cur_ops->cb_barrier();
1084
1085         rcu_torture_stats_print();  /* -After- the stats thread is stopped! */
1086
1087         if (cur_ops->cleanup)
1088                 cur_ops->cleanup();
1089         if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_error))
1090                 rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: FAILURE");
1091         else
1092                 rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: SUCCESS");
1093 }
1094
1095 static int __init
1096 rcu_torture_init(void)
1097 {
1098         int i;
1099         int cpu;
1100         int firsterr = 0;
1101         static struct rcu_torture_ops *torture_ops[] =
1102                 { &rcu_ops, &rcu_sync_ops, &rcu_bh_ops, &rcu_bh_sync_ops,
1103                   &sched_expedited_ops,
1104                   &srcu_ops, &sched_ops, &sched_ops_sync, };
1105
1106         mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
1107
1108         /* Process args and tell the world that the torturer is on the job. */
1109         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(torture_ops); i++) {
1110                 cur_ops = torture_ops[i];
1111                 if (strcmp(torture_type, cur_ops->name) == 0)
1112                         break;
1113         }
1114         if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(torture_ops)) {
1115                 printk(KERN_ALERT "rcutorture: invalid torture type: \"%s\"\n",
1116                        torture_type);
1117                 mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
1118                 return -EINVAL;
1119         }
1120         if (cur_ops->init)
1121                 cur_ops->init(); /* no "goto unwind" prior to this point!!! */
1122
1123         if (nreaders >= 0)
1124                 nrealreaders = nreaders;
1125         else
1126                 nrealreaders = 2 * num_online_cpus();
1127         rcu_torture_print_module_parms("Start of test");
1128         fullstop = FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP;
1129
1130         /* Set up the freelist. */
1131
1132         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rcu_torture_freelist);
1133         for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(rcu_tortures); i++) {
1134                 rcu_tortures[i].rtort_mbtest = 0;
1135                 list_add_tail(&rcu_tortures[i].rtort_free,
1136                               &rcu_torture_freelist);
1137         }
1138
1139         /* Initialize the statistics so that each run gets its own numbers. */
1140
1141         rcu_torture_current = NULL;
1142         rcu_torture_current_version = 0;
1143         atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_alloc, 0);
1144         atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail, 0);
1145         atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_free, 0);
1146         atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_mberror, 0);
1147         atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_error, 0);
1148         for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
1149                 atomic_set(&rcu_torture_wcount[i], 0);
1150         for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
1151                 for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
1152                         per_cpu(rcu_torture_count, cpu)[i] = 0;
1153                         per_cpu(rcu_torture_batch, cpu)[i] = 0;
1154                 }
1155         }
1156
1157         /* Start up the kthreads. */
1158
1159         VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_writer task");
1160         writer_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_writer, NULL,
1161                                   "rcu_torture_writer");
1162         if (IS_ERR(writer_task)) {
1163                 firsterr = PTR_ERR(writer_task);
1164                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create writer");
1165                 writer_task = NULL;
1166                 goto unwind;
1167         }
1168         fakewriter_tasks = kzalloc(nfakewriters * sizeof(fakewriter_tasks[0]),
1169                                    GFP_KERNEL);
1170         if (fakewriter_tasks == NULL) {
1171                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
1172                 firsterr = -ENOMEM;
1173                 goto unwind;
1174         }
1175         for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++) {
1176                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_fakewriter task");
1177                 fakewriter_tasks[i] = kthread_run(rcu_torture_fakewriter, NULL,
1178                                                   "rcu_torture_fakewriter");
1179                 if (IS_ERR(fakewriter_tasks[i])) {
1180                         firsterr = PTR_ERR(fakewriter_tasks[i]);
1181                         VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create fakewriter");
1182                         fakewriter_tasks[i] = NULL;
1183                         goto unwind;
1184                 }
1185         }
1186         reader_tasks = kzalloc(nrealreaders * sizeof(reader_tasks[0]),
1187                                GFP_KERNEL);
1188         if (reader_tasks == NULL) {
1189                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
1190                 firsterr = -ENOMEM;
1191                 goto unwind;
1192         }
1193         for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++) {
1194                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_reader task");
1195                 reader_tasks[i] = kthread_run(rcu_torture_reader, NULL,
1196                                               "rcu_torture_reader");
1197                 if (IS_ERR(reader_tasks[i])) {
1198                         firsterr = PTR_ERR(reader_tasks[i]);
1199                         VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create reader");
1200                         reader_tasks[i] = NULL;
1201                         goto unwind;
1202                 }
1203         }
1204         if (stat_interval > 0) {
1205                 VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_stats task");
1206                 stats_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_stats, NULL,
1207                                         "rcu_torture_stats");
1208                 if (IS_ERR(stats_task)) {
1209                         firsterr = PTR_ERR(stats_task);
1210                         VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create stats");
1211                         stats_task = NULL;
1212                         goto unwind;
1213                 }
1214         }
1215         if (test_no_idle_hz) {
1216                 rcu_idle_cpu = num_online_cpus() - 1;
1217
1218                 if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&shuffle_tmp_mask, GFP_KERNEL)) {
1219                         firsterr = -ENOMEM;
1220                         VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to alloc mask");
1221                         goto unwind;
1222                 }
1223
1224                 /* Create the shuffler thread */
1225                 shuffler_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_shuffle, NULL,
1226                                           "rcu_torture_shuffle");
1227                 if (IS_ERR(shuffler_task)) {
1228                         free_cpumask_var(shuffle_tmp_mask);
1229                         firsterr = PTR_ERR(shuffler_task);
1230                         VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create shuffler");
1231                         shuffler_task = NULL;
1232                         goto unwind;
1233                 }
1234         }
1235         if (stutter < 0)
1236                 stutter = 0;
1237         if (stutter) {
1238                 /* Create the stutter thread */
1239                 stutter_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_stutter, NULL,
1240                                           "rcu_torture_stutter");
1241                 if (IS_ERR(stutter_task)) {
1242                         firsterr = PTR_ERR(stutter_task);
1243                         VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create stutter");
1244                         stutter_task = NULL;
1245                         goto unwind;
1246                 }
1247         }
1248         register_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
1249         mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
1250         return 0;
1251
1252 unwind:
1253         mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
1254         rcu_torture_cleanup();
1255         return firsterr;
1256 }
1257
1258 module_init(rcu_torture_init);
1259 module_exit(rcu_torture_cleanup);