cpu-hotplug: CPUx should be active before it is marked online
[linux-2.6.git] / kernel / kprobes.c
1 /*
2  *  Kernel Probes (KProbes)
3  *  kernel/kprobes.c
4  *
5  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
6  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
7  * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
8  * (at your option) any later version.
9  *
10  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
11  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
12  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
13  * GNU General Public License for more details.
14  *
15  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
16  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
17  * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
18  *
19  * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2002, 2004
20  *
21  * 2002-Oct     Created by Vamsi Krishna S <vamsi_krishna@in.ibm.com> Kernel
22  *              Probes initial implementation (includes suggestions from
23  *              Rusty Russell).
24  * 2004-Aug     Updated by Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> with
25  *              hlists and exceptions notifier as suggested by Andi Kleen.
26  * 2004-July    Suparna Bhattacharya <suparna@in.ibm.com> added jumper probes
27  *              interface to access function arguments.
28  * 2004-Sep     Prasanna S Panchamukhi <prasanna@in.ibm.com> Changed Kprobes
29  *              exceptions notifier to be first on the priority list.
30  * 2005-May     Hien Nguyen <hien@us.ibm.com>, Jim Keniston
31  *              <jkenisto@us.ibm.com> and Prasanna S Panchamukhi
32  *              <prasanna@in.ibm.com> added function-return probes.
33  */
34 #include <linux/kprobes.h>
35 #include <linux/hash.h>
36 #include <linux/init.h>
37 #include <linux/slab.h>
38 #include <linux/stddef.h>
39 #include <linux/module.h>
40 #include <linux/moduleloader.h>
41 #include <linux/kallsyms.h>
42 #include <linux/freezer.h>
43 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
44 #include <linux/debugfs.h>
45 #include <linux/sysctl.h>
46 #include <linux/kdebug.h>
47 #include <linux/memory.h>
48 #include <linux/ftrace.h>
49 #include <linux/cpu.h>
50 #include <linux/jump_label.h>
51
52 #include <asm-generic/sections.h>
53 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
54 #include <asm/errno.h>
55 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
56
57 #define KPROBE_HASH_BITS 6
58 #define KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << KPROBE_HASH_BITS)
59
60
61 /*
62  * Some oddball architectures like 64bit powerpc have function descriptors
63  * so this must be overridable.
64  */
65 #ifndef kprobe_lookup_name
66 #define kprobe_lookup_name(name, addr) \
67         addr = ((kprobe_opcode_t *)(kallsyms_lookup_name(name)))
68 #endif
69
70 static int kprobes_initialized;
71 static struct hlist_head kprobe_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE];
72 static struct hlist_head kretprobe_inst_table[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE];
73
74 /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */
75 static bool kprobes_all_disarmed;
76
77 /* This protects kprobe_table and optimizing_list */
78 static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_mutex);
79 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct kprobe *, kprobe_instance) = NULL;
80 static struct {
81         spinlock_t lock ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
82 } kretprobe_table_locks[KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE];
83
84 static spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash)
85 {
86         return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock);
87 }
88
89 /*
90  * Normally, functions that we'd want to prohibit kprobes in, are marked
91  * __kprobes. But, there are cases where such functions already belong to
92  * a different section (__sched for preempt_schedule)
93  *
94  * For such cases, we now have a blacklist
95  */
96 static struct kprobe_blackpoint kprobe_blacklist[] = {
97         {"preempt_schedule",},
98         {"native_get_debugreg",},
99         {"irq_entries_start",},
100         {"common_interrupt",},
101         {"mcount",},    /* mcount can be called from everywhere */
102         {NULL}    /* Terminator */
103 };
104
105 #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT
106 /*
107  * kprobe->ainsn.insn points to the copy of the instruction to be
108  * single-stepped. x86_64, POWER4 and above have no-exec support and
109  * stepping on the instruction on a vmalloced/kmalloced/data page
110  * is a recipe for disaster
111  */
112 struct kprobe_insn_page {
113         struct list_head list;
114         kprobe_opcode_t *insns;         /* Page of instruction slots */
115         int nused;
116         int ngarbage;
117         char slot_used[];
118 };
119
120 #define KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots)                    \
121         (offsetof(struct kprobe_insn_page, slot_used) + \
122          (sizeof(char) * (slots)))
123
124 struct kprobe_insn_cache {
125         struct list_head pages; /* list of kprobe_insn_page */
126         size_t insn_size;       /* size of instruction slot */
127         int nr_garbage;
128 };
129
130 static int slots_per_page(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c)
131 {
132         return PAGE_SIZE/(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
133 }
134
135 enum kprobe_slot_state {
136         SLOT_CLEAN = 0,
137         SLOT_DIRTY = 1,
138         SLOT_USED = 2,
139 };
140
141 static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_insn_mutex); /* Protects kprobe_insn_slots */
142 static struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_insn_slots = {
143         .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_insn_slots.pages),
144         .insn_size = MAX_INSN_SIZE,
145         .nr_garbage = 0,
146 };
147 static int __kprobes collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c);
148
149 /**
150  * __get_insn_slot() - Find a slot on an executable page for an instruction.
151  * We allocate an executable page if there's no room on existing ones.
152  */
153 static kprobe_opcode_t __kprobes *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c)
154 {
155         struct kprobe_insn_page *kip;
156
157  retry:
158         list_for_each_entry(kip, &c->pages, list) {
159                 if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) {
160                         int i;
161                         for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) {
162                                 if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_CLEAN) {
163                                         kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED;
164                                         kip->nused++;
165                                         return kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size);
166                                 }
167                         }
168                         /* kip->nused is broken. Fix it. */
169                         kip->nused = slots_per_page(c);
170                         WARN_ON(1);
171                 }
172         }
173
174         /* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */
175         if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0)
176                 goto retry;
177
178         /* All out of space.  Need to allocate a new page. */
179         kip = kmalloc(KPROBE_INSN_PAGE_SIZE(slots_per_page(c)), GFP_KERNEL);
180         if (!kip)
181                 return NULL;
182
183         /*
184          * Use module_alloc so this page is within +/- 2GB of where the
185          * kernel image and loaded module images reside. This is required
186          * so x86_64 can correctly handle the %rip-relative fixups.
187          */
188         kip->insns = module_alloc(PAGE_SIZE);
189         if (!kip->insns) {
190                 kfree(kip);
191                 return NULL;
192         }
193         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kip->list);
194         memset(kip->slot_used, SLOT_CLEAN, slots_per_page(c));
195         kip->slot_used[0] = SLOT_USED;
196         kip->nused = 1;
197         kip->ngarbage = 0;
198         list_add(&kip->list, &c->pages);
199         return kip->insns;
200 }
201
202
203 kprobe_opcode_t __kprobes *get_insn_slot(void)
204 {
205         kprobe_opcode_t *ret = NULL;
206
207         mutex_lock(&kprobe_insn_mutex);
208         ret = __get_insn_slot(&kprobe_insn_slots);
209         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_insn_mutex);
210
211         return ret;
212 }
213
214 /* Return 1 if all garbages are collected, otherwise 0. */
215 static int __kprobes collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx)
216 {
217         kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_CLEAN;
218         kip->nused--;
219         if (kip->nused == 0) {
220                 /*
221                  * Page is no longer in use.  Free it unless
222                  * it's the last one.  We keep the last one
223                  * so as not to have to set it up again the
224                  * next time somebody inserts a probe.
225                  */
226                 if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) {
227                         list_del(&kip->list);
228                         module_free(NULL, kip->insns);
229                         kfree(kip);
230                 }
231                 return 1;
232         }
233         return 0;
234 }
235
236 static int __kprobes collect_garbage_slots(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c)
237 {
238         struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, *next;
239
240         /* Ensure no-one is interrupted on the garbages */
241         synchronize_sched();
242
243         list_for_each_entry_safe(kip, next, &c->pages, list) {
244                 int i;
245                 if (kip->ngarbage == 0)
246                         continue;
247                 kip->ngarbage = 0;      /* we will collect all garbages */
248                 for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) {
249                         if (kip->slot_used[i] == SLOT_DIRTY &&
250                             collect_one_slot(kip, i))
251                                 break;
252                 }
253         }
254         c->nr_garbage = 0;
255         return 0;
256 }
257
258 static void __kprobes __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c,
259                                        kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty)
260 {
261         struct kprobe_insn_page *kip;
262
263         list_for_each_entry(kip, &c->pages, list) {
264                 long idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) /
265                                 (c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
266                 if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) {
267                         WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED);
268                         if (dirty) {
269                                 kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY;
270                                 kip->ngarbage++;
271                                 if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c))
272                                         collect_garbage_slots(c);
273                         } else
274                                 collect_one_slot(kip, idx);
275                         return;
276                 }
277         }
278         /* Could not free this slot. */
279         WARN_ON(1);
280 }
281
282 void __kprobes free_insn_slot(kprobe_opcode_t * slot, int dirty)
283 {
284         mutex_lock(&kprobe_insn_mutex);
285         __free_insn_slot(&kprobe_insn_slots, slot, dirty);
286         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_insn_mutex);
287 }
288 #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES
289 /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */
290 static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_optinsn_mutex); /* Protects kprobe_optinsn_slots */
291 static struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = {
292         .pages = LIST_HEAD_INIT(kprobe_optinsn_slots.pages),
293         /* .insn_size is initialized later */
294         .nr_garbage = 0,
295 };
296 /* Get a slot for optimized_kprobe buffer */
297 kprobe_opcode_t __kprobes *get_optinsn_slot(void)
298 {
299         kprobe_opcode_t *ret = NULL;
300
301         mutex_lock(&kprobe_optinsn_mutex);
302         ret = __get_insn_slot(&kprobe_optinsn_slots);
303         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_optinsn_mutex);
304
305         return ret;
306 }
307
308 void __kprobes free_optinsn_slot(kprobe_opcode_t * slot, int dirty)
309 {
310         mutex_lock(&kprobe_optinsn_mutex);
311         __free_insn_slot(&kprobe_optinsn_slots, slot, dirty);
312         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_optinsn_mutex);
313 }
314 #endif
315 #endif
316
317 /* We have preemption disabled.. so it is safe to use __ versions */
318 static inline void set_kprobe_instance(struct kprobe *kp)
319 {
320         __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, kp);
321 }
322
323 static inline void reset_kprobe_instance(void)
324 {
325         __this_cpu_write(kprobe_instance, NULL);
326 }
327
328 /*
329  * This routine is called either:
330  *      - under the kprobe_mutex - during kprobe_[un]register()
331  *                              OR
332  *      - with preemption disabled - from arch/xxx/kernel/kprobes.c
333  */
334 struct kprobe __kprobes *get_kprobe(void *addr)
335 {
336         struct hlist_head *head;
337         struct hlist_node *node;
338         struct kprobe *p;
339
340         head = &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)];
341         hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist) {
342                 if (p->addr == addr)
343                         return p;
344         }
345
346         return NULL;
347 }
348
349 static int __kprobes aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs);
350
351 /* Return true if the kprobe is an aggregator */
352 static inline int kprobe_aggrprobe(struct kprobe *p)
353 {
354         return p->pre_handler == aggr_pre_handler;
355 }
356
357 /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is unused */
358 static inline int kprobe_unused(struct kprobe *p)
359 {
360         return kprobe_aggrprobe(p) && kprobe_disabled(p) &&
361                list_empty(&p->list);
362 }
363
364 /*
365  * Keep all fields in the kprobe consistent
366  */
367 static inline void copy_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p)
368 {
369         memcpy(&p->opcode, &ap->opcode, sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
370         memcpy(&p->ainsn, &ap->ainsn, sizeof(struct arch_specific_insn));
371 }
372
373 #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES
374 /* NOTE: change this value only with kprobe_mutex held */
375 static bool kprobes_allow_optimization;
376
377 /*
378  * Call all pre_handler on the list, but ignores its return value.
379  * This must be called from arch-dep optimized caller.
380  */
381 void __kprobes opt_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs)
382 {
383         struct kprobe *kp;
384
385         list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) {
386                 if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) {
387                         set_kprobe_instance(kp);
388                         kp->pre_handler(kp, regs);
389                 }
390                 reset_kprobe_instance();
391         }
392 }
393
394 /* Free optimized instructions and optimized_kprobe */
395 static __kprobes void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
396 {
397         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
398
399         op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
400         arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op);
401         arch_remove_kprobe(p);
402         kfree(op);
403 }
404
405 /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is ready for optimization. */
406 static inline int kprobe_optready(struct kprobe *p)
407 {
408         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
409
410         if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) {
411                 op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
412                 return arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn);
413         }
414
415         return 0;
416 }
417
418 /* Return true(!0) if the kprobe is disarmed. Note: p must be on hash list */
419 static inline int kprobe_disarmed(struct kprobe *p)
420 {
421         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
422
423         /* If kprobe is not aggr/opt probe, just return kprobe is disabled */
424         if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p))
425                 return kprobe_disabled(p);
426
427         op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
428
429         return kprobe_disabled(p) && list_empty(&op->list);
430 }
431
432 /* Return true(!0) if the probe is queued on (un)optimizing lists */
433 static int __kprobes kprobe_queued(struct kprobe *p)
434 {
435         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
436
437         if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) {
438                 op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
439                 if (!list_empty(&op->list))
440                         return 1;
441         }
442         return 0;
443 }
444
445 /*
446  * Return an optimized kprobe whose optimizing code replaces
447  * instructions including addr (exclude breakpoint).
448  */
449 static struct kprobe *__kprobes get_optimized_kprobe(unsigned long addr)
450 {
451         int i;
452         struct kprobe *p = NULL;
453         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
454
455         /* Don't check i == 0, since that is a breakpoint case. */
456         for (i = 1; !p && i < MAX_OPTIMIZED_LENGTH; i++)
457                 p = get_kprobe((void *)(addr - i));
458
459         if (p && kprobe_optready(p)) {
460                 op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
461                 if (arch_within_optimized_kprobe(op, addr))
462                         return p;
463         }
464
465         return NULL;
466 }
467
468 /* Optimization staging list, protected by kprobe_mutex */
469 static LIST_HEAD(optimizing_list);
470 static LIST_HEAD(unoptimizing_list);
471
472 static void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work);
473 static DECLARE_DELAYED_WORK(optimizing_work, kprobe_optimizer);
474 static DECLARE_COMPLETION(optimizer_comp);
475 #define OPTIMIZE_DELAY 5
476
477 /*
478  * Optimize (replace a breakpoint with a jump) kprobes listed on
479  * optimizing_list.
480  */
481 static __kprobes void do_optimize_kprobes(void)
482 {
483         /* Optimization never be done when disarmed */
484         if (kprobes_all_disarmed || !kprobes_allow_optimization ||
485             list_empty(&optimizing_list))
486                 return;
487
488         /*
489          * The optimization/unoptimization refers online_cpus via
490          * stop_machine() and cpu-hotplug modifies online_cpus.
491          * And same time, text_mutex will be held in cpu-hotplug and here.
492          * This combination can cause a deadlock (cpu-hotplug try to lock
493          * text_mutex but stop_machine can not be done because online_cpus
494          * has been changed)
495          * To avoid this deadlock, we need to call get_online_cpus()
496          * for preventing cpu-hotplug outside of text_mutex locking.
497          */
498         get_online_cpus();
499         mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
500         arch_optimize_kprobes(&optimizing_list);
501         mutex_unlock(&text_mutex);
502         put_online_cpus();
503 }
504
505 /*
506  * Unoptimize (replace a jump with a breakpoint and remove the breakpoint
507  * if need) kprobes listed on unoptimizing_list.
508  */
509 static __kprobes void do_unoptimize_kprobes(struct list_head *free_list)
510 {
511         struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp;
512
513         /* Unoptimization must be done anytime */
514         if (list_empty(&unoptimizing_list))
515                 return;
516
517         /* Ditto to do_optimize_kprobes */
518         get_online_cpus();
519         mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
520         arch_unoptimize_kprobes(&unoptimizing_list, free_list);
521         /* Loop free_list for disarming */
522         list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, free_list, list) {
523                 /* Disarm probes if marked disabled */
524                 if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp))
525                         arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp);
526                 if (kprobe_unused(&op->kp)) {
527                         /*
528                          * Remove unused probes from hash list. After waiting
529                          * for synchronization, these probes are reclaimed.
530                          * (reclaiming is done by do_free_cleaned_kprobes.)
531                          */
532                         hlist_del_rcu(&op->kp.hlist);
533                 } else
534                         list_del_init(&op->list);
535         }
536         mutex_unlock(&text_mutex);
537         put_online_cpus();
538 }
539
540 /* Reclaim all kprobes on the free_list */
541 static __kprobes void do_free_cleaned_kprobes(struct list_head *free_list)
542 {
543         struct optimized_kprobe *op, *tmp;
544
545         list_for_each_entry_safe(op, tmp, free_list, list) {
546                 BUG_ON(!kprobe_unused(&op->kp));
547                 list_del_init(&op->list);
548                 free_aggr_kprobe(&op->kp);
549         }
550 }
551
552 /* Start optimizer after OPTIMIZE_DELAY passed */
553 static __kprobes void kick_kprobe_optimizer(void)
554 {
555         if (!delayed_work_pending(&optimizing_work))
556                 schedule_delayed_work(&optimizing_work, OPTIMIZE_DELAY);
557 }
558
559 /* Kprobe jump optimizer */
560 static __kprobes void kprobe_optimizer(struct work_struct *work)
561 {
562         LIST_HEAD(free_list);
563
564         /* Lock modules while optimizing kprobes */
565         mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
566         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
567
568         /*
569          * Step 1: Unoptimize kprobes and collect cleaned (unused and disarmed)
570          * kprobes before waiting for quiesence period.
571          */
572         do_unoptimize_kprobes(&free_list);
573
574         /*
575          * Step 2: Wait for quiesence period to ensure all running interrupts
576          * are done. Because optprobe may modify multiple instructions
577          * there is a chance that Nth instruction is interrupted. In that
578          * case, running interrupt can return to 2nd-Nth byte of jump
579          * instruction. This wait is for avoiding it.
580          */
581         synchronize_sched();
582
583         /* Step 3: Optimize kprobes after quiesence period */
584         do_optimize_kprobes();
585
586         /* Step 4: Free cleaned kprobes after quiesence period */
587         do_free_cleaned_kprobes(&free_list);
588
589         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
590         mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
591
592         /* Step 5: Kick optimizer again if needed */
593         if (!list_empty(&optimizing_list) || !list_empty(&unoptimizing_list))
594                 kick_kprobe_optimizer();
595         else
596                 /* Wake up all waiters */
597                 complete_all(&optimizer_comp);
598 }
599
600 /* Wait for completing optimization and unoptimization */
601 static __kprobes void wait_for_kprobe_optimizer(void)
602 {
603         if (delayed_work_pending(&optimizing_work))
604                 wait_for_completion(&optimizer_comp);
605 }
606
607 /* Optimize kprobe if p is ready to be optimized */
608 static __kprobes void optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
609 {
610         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
611
612         /* Check if the kprobe is disabled or not ready for optimization. */
613         if (!kprobe_optready(p) || !kprobes_allow_optimization ||
614             (kprobe_disabled(p) || kprobes_all_disarmed))
615                 return;
616
617         /* Both of break_handler and post_handler are not supported. */
618         if (p->break_handler || p->post_handler)
619                 return;
620
621         op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
622
623         /* Check there is no other kprobes at the optimized instructions */
624         if (arch_check_optimized_kprobe(op) < 0)
625                 return;
626
627         /* Check if it is already optimized. */
628         if (op->kp.flags & KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED)
629                 return;
630         op->kp.flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED;
631
632         if (!list_empty(&op->list))
633                 /* This is under unoptimizing. Just dequeue the probe */
634                 list_del_init(&op->list);
635         else {
636                 list_add(&op->list, &optimizing_list);
637                 kick_kprobe_optimizer();
638         }
639 }
640
641 /* Short cut to direct unoptimizing */
642 static __kprobes void force_unoptimize_kprobe(struct optimized_kprobe *op)
643 {
644         get_online_cpus();
645         arch_unoptimize_kprobe(op);
646         put_online_cpus();
647         if (kprobe_disabled(&op->kp))
648                 arch_disarm_kprobe(&op->kp);
649 }
650
651 /* Unoptimize a kprobe if p is optimized */
652 static __kprobes void unoptimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool force)
653 {
654         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
655
656         if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p) || kprobe_disarmed(p))
657                 return; /* This is not an optprobe nor optimized */
658
659         op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
660         if (!kprobe_optimized(p)) {
661                 /* Unoptimized or unoptimizing case */
662                 if (force && !list_empty(&op->list)) {
663                         /*
664                          * Only if this is unoptimizing kprobe and forced,
665                          * forcibly unoptimize it. (No need to unoptimize
666                          * unoptimized kprobe again :)
667                          */
668                         list_del_init(&op->list);
669                         force_unoptimize_kprobe(op);
670                 }
671                 return;
672         }
673
674         op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED;
675         if (!list_empty(&op->list)) {
676                 /* Dequeue from the optimization queue */
677                 list_del_init(&op->list);
678                 return;
679         }
680         /* Optimized kprobe case */
681         if (force)
682                 /* Forcibly update the code: this is a special case */
683                 force_unoptimize_kprobe(op);
684         else {
685                 list_add(&op->list, &unoptimizing_list);
686                 kick_kprobe_optimizer();
687         }
688 }
689
690 /* Cancel unoptimizing for reusing */
691 static void reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap)
692 {
693         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
694
695         BUG_ON(!kprobe_unused(ap));
696         /*
697          * Unused kprobe MUST be on the way of delayed unoptimizing (means
698          * there is still a relative jump) and disabled.
699          */
700         op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
701         if (unlikely(list_empty(&op->list)))
702                 printk(KERN_WARNING "Warning: found a stray unused "
703                         "aggrprobe@%p\n", ap->addr);
704         /* Enable the probe again */
705         ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
706         /* Optimize it again (remove from op->list) */
707         BUG_ON(!kprobe_optready(ap));
708         optimize_kprobe(ap);
709 }
710
711 /* Remove optimized instructions */
712 static void __kprobes kill_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
713 {
714         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
715
716         op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
717         if (!list_empty(&op->list))
718                 /* Dequeue from the (un)optimization queue */
719                 list_del_init(&op->list);
720
721         op->kp.flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED;
722         /* Don't touch the code, because it is already freed. */
723         arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op);
724 }
725
726 /* Try to prepare optimized instructions */
727 static __kprobes void prepare_optimized_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
728 {
729         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
730
731         op = container_of(p, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
732         arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op);
733 }
734
735 /* Allocate new optimized_kprobe and try to prepare optimized instructions */
736 static __kprobes struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
737 {
738         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
739
740         op = kzalloc(sizeof(struct optimized_kprobe), GFP_KERNEL);
741         if (!op)
742                 return NULL;
743
744         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->list);
745         op->kp.addr = p->addr;
746         arch_prepare_optimized_kprobe(op);
747
748         return &op->kp;
749 }
750
751 static void __kprobes init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p);
752
753 /*
754  * Prepare an optimized_kprobe and optimize it
755  * NOTE: p must be a normal registered kprobe
756  */
757 static __kprobes void try_to_optimize_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
758 {
759         struct kprobe *ap;
760         struct optimized_kprobe *op;
761
762         ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(p);
763         if (!ap)
764                 return;
765
766         op = container_of(ap, struct optimized_kprobe, kp);
767         if (!arch_prepared_optinsn(&op->optinsn)) {
768                 /* If failed to setup optimizing, fallback to kprobe */
769                 arch_remove_optimized_kprobe(op);
770                 kfree(op);
771                 return;
772         }
773
774         init_aggr_kprobe(ap, p);
775         optimize_kprobe(ap);
776 }
777
778 #ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
779 /* This should be called with kprobe_mutex locked */
780 static void __kprobes optimize_all_kprobes(void)
781 {
782         struct hlist_head *head;
783         struct hlist_node *node;
784         struct kprobe *p;
785         unsigned int i;
786
787         /* If optimization is already allowed, just return */
788         if (kprobes_allow_optimization)
789                 return;
790
791         kprobes_allow_optimization = true;
792         for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
793                 head = &kprobe_table[i];
794                 hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist)
795                         if (!kprobe_disabled(p))
796                                 optimize_kprobe(p);
797         }
798         printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally optimized\n");
799 }
800
801 /* This should be called with kprobe_mutex locked */
802 static void __kprobes unoptimize_all_kprobes(void)
803 {
804         struct hlist_head *head;
805         struct hlist_node *node;
806         struct kprobe *p;
807         unsigned int i;
808
809         /* If optimization is already prohibited, just return */
810         if (!kprobes_allow_optimization)
811                 return;
812
813         kprobes_allow_optimization = false;
814         for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
815                 head = &kprobe_table[i];
816                 hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist) {
817                         if (!kprobe_disabled(p))
818                                 unoptimize_kprobe(p, false);
819                 }
820         }
821         /* Wait for unoptimizing completion */
822         wait_for_kprobe_optimizer();
823         printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally unoptimized\n");
824 }
825
826 int sysctl_kprobes_optimization;
827 int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
828                                       void __user *buffer, size_t *length,
829                                       loff_t *ppos)
830 {
831         int ret;
832
833         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
834         sysctl_kprobes_optimization = kprobes_allow_optimization ? 1 : 0;
835         ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos);
836
837         if (sysctl_kprobes_optimization)
838                 optimize_all_kprobes();
839         else
840                 unoptimize_all_kprobes();
841         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
842
843         return ret;
844 }
845 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
846
847 /* Put a breakpoint for a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */
848 static void __kprobes __arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
849 {
850         struct kprobe *_p;
851
852         /* Check collision with other optimized kprobes */
853         _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr);
854         if (unlikely(_p))
855                 /* Fallback to unoptimized kprobe */
856                 unoptimize_kprobe(_p, true);
857
858         arch_arm_kprobe(p);
859         optimize_kprobe(p);     /* Try to optimize (add kprobe to a list) */
860 }
861
862 /* Remove the breakpoint of a probe. Must be called with text_mutex locked */
863 static void __kprobes __disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, bool reopt)
864 {
865         struct kprobe *_p;
866
867         unoptimize_kprobe(p, false);    /* Try to unoptimize */
868
869         if (!kprobe_queued(p)) {
870                 arch_disarm_kprobe(p);
871                 /* If another kprobe was blocked, optimize it. */
872                 _p = get_optimized_kprobe((unsigned long)p->addr);
873                 if (unlikely(_p) && reopt)
874                         optimize_kprobe(_p);
875         }
876         /* TODO: reoptimize others after unoptimized this probe */
877 }
878
879 #else /* !CONFIG_OPTPROBES */
880
881 #define optimize_kprobe(p)                      do {} while (0)
882 #define unoptimize_kprobe(p, f)                 do {} while (0)
883 #define kill_optimized_kprobe(p)                do {} while (0)
884 #define prepare_optimized_kprobe(p)             do {} while (0)
885 #define try_to_optimize_kprobe(p)               do {} while (0)
886 #define __arm_kprobe(p)                         arch_arm_kprobe(p)
887 #define __disarm_kprobe(p, o)                   arch_disarm_kprobe(p)
888 #define kprobe_disarmed(p)                      kprobe_disabled(p)
889 #define wait_for_kprobe_optimizer()             do {} while (0)
890
891 /* There should be no unused kprobes can be reused without optimization */
892 static void reuse_unused_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap)
893 {
894         printk(KERN_ERR "Error: There should be no unused kprobe here.\n");
895         BUG_ON(kprobe_unused(ap));
896 }
897
898 static __kprobes void free_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
899 {
900         arch_remove_kprobe(p);
901         kfree(p);
902 }
903
904 static __kprobes struct kprobe *alloc_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
905 {
906         return kzalloc(sizeof(struct kprobe), GFP_KERNEL);
907 }
908 #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */
909
910 /* Arm a kprobe with text_mutex */
911 static void __kprobes arm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp)
912 {
913         /*
914          * Here, since __arm_kprobe() doesn't use stop_machine(),
915          * this doesn't cause deadlock on text_mutex. So, we don't
916          * need get_online_cpus().
917          */
918         mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
919         __arm_kprobe(kp);
920         mutex_unlock(&text_mutex);
921 }
922
923 /* Disarm a kprobe with text_mutex */
924 static void __kprobes disarm_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp)
925 {
926         /* Ditto */
927         mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
928         __disarm_kprobe(kp, true);
929         mutex_unlock(&text_mutex);
930 }
931
932 /*
933  * Aggregate handlers for multiple kprobes support - these handlers
934  * take care of invoking the individual kprobe handlers on p->list
935  */
936 static int __kprobes aggr_pre_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs)
937 {
938         struct kprobe *kp;
939
940         list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) {
941                 if (kp->pre_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) {
942                         set_kprobe_instance(kp);
943                         if (kp->pre_handler(kp, regs))
944                                 return 1;
945                 }
946                 reset_kprobe_instance();
947         }
948         return 0;
949 }
950
951 static void __kprobes aggr_post_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs,
952                                         unsigned long flags)
953 {
954         struct kprobe *kp;
955
956         list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list) {
957                 if (kp->post_handler && likely(!kprobe_disabled(kp))) {
958                         set_kprobe_instance(kp);
959                         kp->post_handler(kp, regs, flags);
960                         reset_kprobe_instance();
961                 }
962         }
963 }
964
965 static int __kprobes aggr_fault_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs,
966                                         int trapnr)
967 {
968         struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance);
969
970         /*
971          * if we faulted "during" the execution of a user specified
972          * probe handler, invoke just that probe's fault handler
973          */
974         if (cur && cur->fault_handler) {
975                 if (cur->fault_handler(cur, regs, trapnr))
976                         return 1;
977         }
978         return 0;
979 }
980
981 static int __kprobes aggr_break_handler(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs)
982 {
983         struct kprobe *cur = __this_cpu_read(kprobe_instance);
984         int ret = 0;
985
986         if (cur && cur->break_handler) {
987                 if (cur->break_handler(cur, regs))
988                         ret = 1;
989         }
990         reset_kprobe_instance();
991         return ret;
992 }
993
994 /* Walks the list and increments nmissed count for multiprobe case */
995 void __kprobes kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(struct kprobe *p)
996 {
997         struct kprobe *kp;
998         if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) {
999                 p->nmissed++;
1000         } else {
1001                 list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list)
1002                         kp->nmissed++;
1003         }
1004         return;
1005 }
1006
1007 void __kprobes recycle_rp_inst(struct kretprobe_instance *ri,
1008                                 struct hlist_head *head)
1009 {
1010         struct kretprobe *rp = ri->rp;
1011
1012         /* remove rp inst off the rprobe_inst_table */
1013         hlist_del(&ri->hlist);
1014         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist);
1015         if (likely(rp)) {
1016                 spin_lock(&rp->lock);
1017                 hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &rp->free_instances);
1018                 spin_unlock(&rp->lock);
1019         } else
1020                 /* Unregistering */
1021                 hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, head);
1022 }
1023
1024 void __kprobes kretprobe_hash_lock(struct task_struct *tsk,
1025                          struct hlist_head **head, unsigned long *flags)
1026 __acquires(hlist_lock)
1027 {
1028         unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS);
1029         spinlock_t *hlist_lock;
1030
1031         *head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash];
1032         hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash);
1033         spin_lock_irqsave(hlist_lock, *flags);
1034 }
1035
1036 static void __kprobes kretprobe_table_lock(unsigned long hash,
1037         unsigned long *flags)
1038 __acquires(hlist_lock)
1039 {
1040         spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash);
1041         spin_lock_irqsave(hlist_lock, *flags);
1042 }
1043
1044 void __kprobes kretprobe_hash_unlock(struct task_struct *tsk,
1045         unsigned long *flags)
1046 __releases(hlist_lock)
1047 {
1048         unsigned long hash = hash_ptr(tsk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS);
1049         spinlock_t *hlist_lock;
1050
1051         hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash);
1052         spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags);
1053 }
1054
1055 static void __kprobes kretprobe_table_unlock(unsigned long hash,
1056        unsigned long *flags)
1057 __releases(hlist_lock)
1058 {
1059         spinlock_t *hlist_lock = kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(hash);
1060         spin_unlock_irqrestore(hlist_lock, *flags);
1061 }
1062
1063 /*
1064  * This function is called from finish_task_switch when task tk becomes dead,
1065  * so that we can recycle any function-return probe instances associated
1066  * with this task. These left over instances represent probed functions
1067  * that have been called but will never return.
1068  */
1069 void __kprobes kprobe_flush_task(struct task_struct *tk)
1070 {
1071         struct kretprobe_instance *ri;
1072         struct hlist_head *head, empty_rp;
1073         struct hlist_node *node, *tmp;
1074         unsigned long hash, flags = 0;
1075
1076         if (unlikely(!kprobes_initialized))
1077                 /* Early boot.  kretprobe_table_locks not yet initialized. */
1078                 return;
1079
1080         hash = hash_ptr(tk, KPROBE_HASH_BITS);
1081         head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash];
1082         kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags);
1083         hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, node, tmp, head, hlist) {
1084                 if (ri->task == tk)
1085                         recycle_rp_inst(ri, &empty_rp);
1086         }
1087         kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags);
1088         INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&empty_rp);
1089         hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, node, tmp, &empty_rp, hlist) {
1090                 hlist_del(&ri->hlist);
1091                 kfree(ri);
1092         }
1093 }
1094
1095 static inline void free_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp)
1096 {
1097         struct kretprobe_instance *ri;
1098         struct hlist_node *pos, *next;
1099
1100         hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, pos, next, &rp->free_instances, hlist) {
1101                 hlist_del(&ri->hlist);
1102                 kfree(ri);
1103         }
1104 }
1105
1106 static void __kprobes cleanup_rp_inst(struct kretprobe *rp)
1107 {
1108         unsigned long flags, hash;
1109         struct kretprobe_instance *ri;
1110         struct hlist_node *pos, *next;
1111         struct hlist_head *head;
1112
1113         /* No race here */
1114         for (hash = 0; hash < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; hash++) {
1115                 kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags);
1116                 head = &kretprobe_inst_table[hash];
1117                 hlist_for_each_entry_safe(ri, pos, next, head, hlist) {
1118                         if (ri->rp == rp)
1119                                 ri->rp = NULL;
1120                 }
1121                 kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags);
1122         }
1123         free_rp_inst(rp);
1124 }
1125
1126 /*
1127 * Add the new probe to ap->list. Fail if this is the
1128 * second jprobe at the address - two jprobes can't coexist
1129 */
1130 static int __kprobes add_new_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p)
1131 {
1132         BUG_ON(kprobe_gone(ap) || kprobe_gone(p));
1133
1134         if (p->break_handler || p->post_handler)
1135                 unoptimize_kprobe(ap, true);    /* Fall back to normal kprobe */
1136
1137         if (p->break_handler) {
1138                 if (ap->break_handler)
1139                         return -EEXIST;
1140                 list_add_tail_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list);
1141                 ap->break_handler = aggr_break_handler;
1142         } else
1143                 list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list);
1144         if (p->post_handler && !ap->post_handler)
1145                 ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler;
1146
1147         if (kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobe_disabled(p)) {
1148                 ap->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
1149                 if (!kprobes_all_disarmed)
1150                         /* Arm the breakpoint again. */
1151                         __arm_kprobe(ap);
1152         }
1153         return 0;
1154 }
1155
1156 /*
1157  * Fill in the required fields of the "manager kprobe". Replace the
1158  * earlier kprobe in the hlist with the manager kprobe
1159  */
1160 static void __kprobes init_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *ap, struct kprobe *p)
1161 {
1162         /* Copy p's insn slot to ap */
1163         copy_kprobe(p, ap);
1164         flush_insn_slot(ap);
1165         ap->addr = p->addr;
1166         ap->flags = p->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_OPTIMIZED;
1167         ap->pre_handler = aggr_pre_handler;
1168         ap->fault_handler = aggr_fault_handler;
1169         /* We don't care the kprobe which has gone. */
1170         if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p))
1171                 ap->post_handler = aggr_post_handler;
1172         if (p->break_handler && !kprobe_gone(p))
1173                 ap->break_handler = aggr_break_handler;
1174
1175         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ap->list);
1176         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ap->hlist);
1177
1178         list_add_rcu(&p->list, &ap->list);
1179         hlist_replace_rcu(&p->hlist, &ap->hlist);
1180 }
1181
1182 /*
1183  * This is the second or subsequent kprobe at the address - handle
1184  * the intricacies
1185  */
1186 static int __kprobes register_aggr_kprobe(struct kprobe *orig_p,
1187                                           struct kprobe *p)
1188 {
1189         int ret = 0;
1190         struct kprobe *ap = orig_p;
1191
1192         if (!kprobe_aggrprobe(orig_p)) {
1193                 /* If orig_p is not an aggr_kprobe, create new aggr_kprobe. */
1194                 ap = alloc_aggr_kprobe(orig_p);
1195                 if (!ap)
1196                         return -ENOMEM;
1197                 init_aggr_kprobe(ap, orig_p);
1198         } else if (kprobe_unused(ap))
1199                 /* This probe is going to die. Rescue it */
1200                 reuse_unused_kprobe(ap);
1201
1202         if (kprobe_gone(ap)) {
1203                 /*
1204                  * Attempting to insert new probe at the same location that
1205                  * had a probe in the module vaddr area which already
1206                  * freed. So, the instruction slot has already been
1207                  * released. We need a new slot for the new probe.
1208                  */
1209                 ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(ap);
1210                 if (ret)
1211                         /*
1212                          * Even if fail to allocate new slot, don't need to
1213                          * free aggr_probe. It will be used next time, or
1214                          * freed by unregister_kprobe.
1215                          */
1216                         return ret;
1217
1218                 /* Prepare optimized instructions if possible. */
1219                 prepare_optimized_kprobe(ap);
1220
1221                 /*
1222                  * Clear gone flag to prevent allocating new slot again, and
1223                  * set disabled flag because it is not armed yet.
1224                  */
1225                 ap->flags = (ap->flags & ~KPROBE_FLAG_GONE)
1226                             | KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
1227         }
1228
1229         /* Copy ap's insn slot to p */
1230         copy_kprobe(ap, p);
1231         return add_new_kprobe(ap, p);
1232 }
1233
1234 static int __kprobes in_kprobes_functions(unsigned long addr)
1235 {
1236         struct kprobe_blackpoint *kb;
1237
1238         if (addr >= (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_start &&
1239             addr < (unsigned long)__kprobes_text_end)
1240                 return -EINVAL;
1241         /*
1242          * If there exists a kprobe_blacklist, verify and
1243          * fail any probe registration in the prohibited area
1244          */
1245         for (kb = kprobe_blacklist; kb->name != NULL; kb++) {
1246                 if (kb->start_addr) {
1247                         if (addr >= kb->start_addr &&
1248                             addr < (kb->start_addr + kb->range))
1249                                 return -EINVAL;
1250                 }
1251         }
1252         return 0;
1253 }
1254
1255 /*
1256  * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field
1257  * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol.
1258  * This returns encoded errors if it fails to look up symbol or invalid
1259  * combination of parameters.
1260  */
1261 static kprobe_opcode_t __kprobes *kprobe_addr(struct kprobe *p)
1262 {
1263         kprobe_opcode_t *addr = p->addr;
1264
1265         if ((p->symbol_name && p->addr) ||
1266             (!p->symbol_name && !p->addr))
1267                 goto invalid;
1268
1269         if (p->symbol_name) {
1270                 kprobe_lookup_name(p->symbol_name, addr);
1271                 if (!addr)
1272                         return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
1273         }
1274
1275         addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(((char *)addr) + p->offset);
1276         if (addr)
1277                 return addr;
1278
1279 invalid:
1280         return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1281 }
1282
1283 /* Check passed kprobe is valid and return kprobe in kprobe_table. */
1284 static struct kprobe * __kprobes __get_valid_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
1285 {
1286         struct kprobe *ap, *list_p;
1287
1288         ap = get_kprobe(p->addr);
1289         if (unlikely(!ap))
1290                 return NULL;
1291
1292         if (p != ap) {
1293                 list_for_each_entry_rcu(list_p, &ap->list, list)
1294                         if (list_p == p)
1295                         /* kprobe p is a valid probe */
1296                                 goto valid;
1297                 return NULL;
1298         }
1299 valid:
1300         return ap;
1301 }
1302
1303 /* Return error if the kprobe is being re-registered */
1304 static inline int check_kprobe_rereg(struct kprobe *p)
1305 {
1306         int ret = 0;
1307
1308         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1309         if (__get_valid_kprobe(p))
1310                 ret = -EINVAL;
1311         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1312
1313         return ret;
1314 }
1315
1316 int __kprobes register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
1317 {
1318         int ret = 0;
1319         struct kprobe *old_p;
1320         struct module *probed_mod;
1321         kprobe_opcode_t *addr;
1322
1323         addr = kprobe_addr(p);
1324         if (IS_ERR(addr))
1325                 return PTR_ERR(addr);
1326         p->addr = addr;
1327
1328         ret = check_kprobe_rereg(p);
1329         if (ret)
1330                 return ret;
1331
1332         jump_label_lock();
1333         preempt_disable();
1334         if (!kernel_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr) ||
1335             in_kprobes_functions((unsigned long) p->addr) ||
1336             ftrace_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr) ||
1337             jump_label_text_reserved(p->addr, p->addr))
1338                 goto fail_with_jump_label;
1339
1340         /* User can pass only KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED to register_kprobe */
1341         p->flags &= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
1342
1343         /*
1344          * Check if are we probing a module.
1345          */
1346         probed_mod = __module_text_address((unsigned long) p->addr);
1347         if (probed_mod) {
1348                 /* Return -ENOENT if fail. */
1349                 ret = -ENOENT;
1350                 /*
1351                  * We must hold a refcount of the probed module while updating
1352                  * its code to prohibit unexpected unloading.
1353                  */
1354                 if (unlikely(!try_module_get(probed_mod)))
1355                         goto fail_with_jump_label;
1356
1357                 /*
1358                  * If the module freed .init.text, we couldn't insert
1359                  * kprobes in there.
1360                  */
1361                 if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, probed_mod) &&
1362                     probed_mod->state != MODULE_STATE_COMING) {
1363                         module_put(probed_mod);
1364                         goto fail_with_jump_label;
1365                 }
1366                 /* ret will be updated by following code */
1367         }
1368         preempt_enable();
1369         jump_label_unlock();
1370
1371         p->nmissed = 0;
1372         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->list);
1373         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1374
1375         jump_label_lock(); /* needed to call jump_label_text_reserved() */
1376
1377         get_online_cpus();      /* For avoiding text_mutex deadlock. */
1378         mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
1379
1380         old_p = get_kprobe(p->addr);
1381         if (old_p) {
1382                 /* Since this may unoptimize old_p, locking text_mutex. */
1383                 ret = register_aggr_kprobe(old_p, p);
1384                 goto out;
1385         }
1386
1387         ret = arch_prepare_kprobe(p);
1388         if (ret)
1389                 goto out;
1390
1391         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&p->hlist);
1392         hlist_add_head_rcu(&p->hlist,
1393                        &kprobe_table[hash_ptr(p->addr, KPROBE_HASH_BITS)]);
1394
1395         if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && !kprobe_disabled(p))
1396                 __arm_kprobe(p);
1397
1398         /* Try to optimize kprobe */
1399         try_to_optimize_kprobe(p);
1400
1401 out:
1402         mutex_unlock(&text_mutex);
1403         put_online_cpus();
1404         jump_label_unlock();
1405         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1406
1407         if (probed_mod)
1408                 module_put(probed_mod);
1409
1410         return ret;
1411
1412 fail_with_jump_label:
1413         preempt_enable();
1414         jump_label_unlock();
1415         return ret;
1416 }
1417 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobe);
1418
1419 /* Check if all probes on the aggrprobe are disabled */
1420 static int __kprobes aggr_kprobe_disabled(struct kprobe *ap)
1421 {
1422         struct kprobe *kp;
1423
1424         list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &ap->list, list)
1425                 if (!kprobe_disabled(kp))
1426                         /*
1427                          * There is an active probe on the list.
1428                          * We can't disable this ap.
1429                          */
1430                         return 0;
1431
1432         return 1;
1433 }
1434
1435 /* Disable one kprobe: Make sure called under kprobe_mutex is locked */
1436 static struct kprobe *__kprobes __disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
1437 {
1438         struct kprobe *orig_p;
1439
1440         /* Get an original kprobe for return */
1441         orig_p = __get_valid_kprobe(p);
1442         if (unlikely(orig_p == NULL))
1443                 return NULL;
1444
1445         if (!kprobe_disabled(p)) {
1446                 /* Disable probe if it is a child probe */
1447                 if (p != orig_p)
1448                         p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
1449
1450                 /* Try to disarm and disable this/parent probe */
1451                 if (p == orig_p || aggr_kprobe_disabled(orig_p)) {
1452                         disarm_kprobe(orig_p);
1453                         orig_p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
1454                 }
1455         }
1456
1457         return orig_p;
1458 }
1459
1460 /*
1461  * Unregister a kprobe without a scheduler synchronization.
1462  */
1463 static int __kprobes __unregister_kprobe_top(struct kprobe *p)
1464 {
1465         struct kprobe *ap, *list_p;
1466
1467         /* Disable kprobe. This will disarm it if needed. */
1468         ap = __disable_kprobe(p);
1469         if (ap == NULL)
1470                 return -EINVAL;
1471
1472         if (ap == p)
1473                 /*
1474                  * This probe is an independent(and non-optimized) kprobe
1475                  * (not an aggrprobe). Remove from the hash list.
1476                  */
1477                 goto disarmed;
1478
1479         /* Following process expects this probe is an aggrprobe */
1480         WARN_ON(!kprobe_aggrprobe(ap));
1481
1482         if (list_is_singular(&ap->list) && kprobe_disarmed(ap))
1483                 /*
1484                  * !disarmed could be happen if the probe is under delayed
1485                  * unoptimizing.
1486                  */
1487                 goto disarmed;
1488         else {
1489                 /* If disabling probe has special handlers, update aggrprobe */
1490                 if (p->break_handler && !kprobe_gone(p))
1491                         ap->break_handler = NULL;
1492                 if (p->post_handler && !kprobe_gone(p)) {
1493                         list_for_each_entry_rcu(list_p, &ap->list, list) {
1494                                 if ((list_p != p) && (list_p->post_handler))
1495                                         goto noclean;
1496                         }
1497                         ap->post_handler = NULL;
1498                 }
1499 noclean:
1500                 /*
1501                  * Remove from the aggrprobe: this path will do nothing in
1502                  * __unregister_kprobe_bottom().
1503                  */
1504                 list_del_rcu(&p->list);
1505                 if (!kprobe_disabled(ap) && !kprobes_all_disarmed)
1506                         /*
1507                          * Try to optimize this probe again, because post
1508                          * handler may have been changed.
1509                          */
1510                         optimize_kprobe(ap);
1511         }
1512         return 0;
1513
1514 disarmed:
1515         BUG_ON(!kprobe_disarmed(ap));
1516         hlist_del_rcu(&ap->hlist);
1517         return 0;
1518 }
1519
1520 static void __kprobes __unregister_kprobe_bottom(struct kprobe *p)
1521 {
1522         struct kprobe *ap;
1523
1524         if (list_empty(&p->list))
1525                 /* This is an independent kprobe */
1526                 arch_remove_kprobe(p);
1527         else if (list_is_singular(&p->list)) {
1528                 /* This is the last child of an aggrprobe */
1529                 ap = list_entry(p->list.next, struct kprobe, list);
1530                 list_del(&p->list);
1531                 free_aggr_kprobe(ap);
1532         }
1533         /* Otherwise, do nothing. */
1534 }
1535
1536 int __kprobes register_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num)
1537 {
1538         int i, ret = 0;
1539
1540         if (num <= 0)
1541                 return -EINVAL;
1542         for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
1543                 ret = register_kprobe(kps[i]);
1544                 if (ret < 0) {
1545                         if (i > 0)
1546                                 unregister_kprobes(kps, i);
1547                         break;
1548                 }
1549         }
1550         return ret;
1551 }
1552 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kprobes);
1553
1554 void __kprobes unregister_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
1555 {
1556         unregister_kprobes(&p, 1);
1557 }
1558 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobe);
1559
1560 void __kprobes unregister_kprobes(struct kprobe **kps, int num)
1561 {
1562         int i;
1563
1564         if (num <= 0)
1565                 return;
1566         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1567         for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
1568                 if (__unregister_kprobe_top(kps[i]) < 0)
1569                         kps[i]->addr = NULL;
1570         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1571
1572         synchronize_sched();
1573         for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
1574                 if (kps[i]->addr)
1575                         __unregister_kprobe_bottom(kps[i]);
1576 }
1577 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kprobes);
1578
1579 static struct notifier_block kprobe_exceptions_nb = {
1580         .notifier_call = kprobe_exceptions_notify,
1581         .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */
1582 };
1583
1584 unsigned long __weak arch_deref_entry_point(void *entry)
1585 {
1586         return (unsigned long)entry;
1587 }
1588
1589 int __kprobes register_jprobes(struct jprobe **jps, int num)
1590 {
1591         struct jprobe *jp;
1592         int ret = 0, i;
1593
1594         if (num <= 0)
1595                 return -EINVAL;
1596         for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
1597                 unsigned long addr, offset;
1598                 jp = jps[i];
1599                 addr = arch_deref_entry_point(jp->entry);
1600
1601                 /* Verify probepoint is a function entry point */
1602                 if (kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(addr, NULL, &offset) &&
1603                     offset == 0) {
1604                         jp->kp.pre_handler = setjmp_pre_handler;
1605                         jp->kp.break_handler = longjmp_break_handler;
1606                         ret = register_kprobe(&jp->kp);
1607                 } else
1608                         ret = -EINVAL;
1609
1610                 if (ret < 0) {
1611                         if (i > 0)
1612                                 unregister_jprobes(jps, i);
1613                         break;
1614                 }
1615         }
1616         return ret;
1617 }
1618 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_jprobes);
1619
1620 int __kprobes register_jprobe(struct jprobe *jp)
1621 {
1622         return register_jprobes(&jp, 1);
1623 }
1624 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_jprobe);
1625
1626 void __kprobes unregister_jprobe(struct jprobe *jp)
1627 {
1628         unregister_jprobes(&jp, 1);
1629 }
1630 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_jprobe);
1631
1632 void __kprobes unregister_jprobes(struct jprobe **jps, int num)
1633 {
1634         int i;
1635
1636         if (num <= 0)
1637                 return;
1638         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1639         for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
1640                 if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&jps[i]->kp) < 0)
1641                         jps[i]->kp.addr = NULL;
1642         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1643
1644         synchronize_sched();
1645         for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
1646                 if (jps[i]->kp.addr)
1647                         __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&jps[i]->kp);
1648         }
1649 }
1650 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_jprobes);
1651
1652 #ifdef CONFIG_KRETPROBES
1653 /*
1654  * This kprobe pre_handler is registered with every kretprobe. When probe
1655  * hits it will set up the return probe.
1656  */
1657 static int __kprobes pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p,
1658                                            struct pt_regs *regs)
1659 {
1660         struct kretprobe *rp = container_of(p, struct kretprobe, kp);
1661         unsigned long hash, flags = 0;
1662         struct kretprobe_instance *ri;
1663
1664         /*TODO: consider to only swap the RA after the last pre_handler fired */
1665         hash = hash_ptr(current, KPROBE_HASH_BITS);
1666         spin_lock_irqsave(&rp->lock, flags);
1667         if (!hlist_empty(&rp->free_instances)) {
1668                 ri = hlist_entry(rp->free_instances.first,
1669                                 struct kretprobe_instance, hlist);
1670                 hlist_del(&ri->hlist);
1671                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags);
1672
1673                 ri->rp = rp;
1674                 ri->task = current;
1675
1676                 if (rp->entry_handler && rp->entry_handler(ri, regs))
1677                         return 0;
1678
1679                 arch_prepare_kretprobe(ri, regs);
1680
1681                 /* XXX(hch): why is there no hlist_move_head? */
1682                 INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ri->hlist);
1683                 kretprobe_table_lock(hash, &flags);
1684                 hlist_add_head(&ri->hlist, &kretprobe_inst_table[hash]);
1685                 kretprobe_table_unlock(hash, &flags);
1686         } else {
1687                 rp->nmissed++;
1688                 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rp->lock, flags);
1689         }
1690         return 0;
1691 }
1692
1693 int __kprobes register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp)
1694 {
1695         int ret = 0;
1696         struct kretprobe_instance *inst;
1697         int i;
1698         void *addr;
1699
1700         if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) {
1701                 addr = kprobe_addr(&rp->kp);
1702                 if (IS_ERR(addr))
1703                         return PTR_ERR(addr);
1704
1705                 for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) {
1706                         if (kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr == addr)
1707                                 return -EINVAL;
1708                 }
1709         }
1710
1711         rp->kp.pre_handler = pre_handler_kretprobe;
1712         rp->kp.post_handler = NULL;
1713         rp->kp.fault_handler = NULL;
1714         rp->kp.break_handler = NULL;
1715
1716         /* Pre-allocate memory for max kretprobe instances */
1717         if (rp->maxactive <= 0) {
1718 #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
1719                 rp->maxactive = max_t(unsigned int, 10, 2*num_possible_cpus());
1720 #else
1721                 rp->maxactive = num_possible_cpus();
1722 #endif
1723         }
1724         spin_lock_init(&rp->lock);
1725         INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&rp->free_instances);
1726         for (i = 0; i < rp->maxactive; i++) {
1727                 inst = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kretprobe_instance) +
1728                                rp->data_size, GFP_KERNEL);
1729                 if (inst == NULL) {
1730                         free_rp_inst(rp);
1731                         return -ENOMEM;
1732                 }
1733                 INIT_HLIST_NODE(&inst->hlist);
1734                 hlist_add_head(&inst->hlist, &rp->free_instances);
1735         }
1736
1737         rp->nmissed = 0;
1738         /* Establish function entry probe point */
1739         ret = register_kprobe(&rp->kp);
1740         if (ret != 0)
1741                 free_rp_inst(rp);
1742         return ret;
1743 }
1744 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe);
1745
1746 int __kprobes register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num)
1747 {
1748         int ret = 0, i;
1749
1750         if (num <= 0)
1751                 return -EINVAL;
1752         for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
1753                 ret = register_kretprobe(rps[i]);
1754                 if (ret < 0) {
1755                         if (i > 0)
1756                                 unregister_kretprobes(rps, i);
1757                         break;
1758                 }
1759         }
1760         return ret;
1761 }
1762 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes);
1763
1764 void __kprobes unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp)
1765 {
1766         unregister_kretprobes(&rp, 1);
1767 }
1768 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe);
1769
1770 void __kprobes unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num)
1771 {
1772         int i;
1773
1774         if (num <= 0)
1775                 return;
1776         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1777         for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
1778                 if (__unregister_kprobe_top(&rps[i]->kp) < 0)
1779                         rps[i]->kp.addr = NULL;
1780         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1781
1782         synchronize_sched();
1783         for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
1784                 if (rps[i]->kp.addr) {
1785                         __unregister_kprobe_bottom(&rps[i]->kp);
1786                         cleanup_rp_inst(rps[i]);
1787                 }
1788         }
1789 }
1790 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes);
1791
1792 #else /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */
1793 int __kprobes register_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp)
1794 {
1795         return -ENOSYS;
1796 }
1797 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobe);
1798
1799 int __kprobes register_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num)
1800 {
1801         return -ENOSYS;
1802 }
1803 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kretprobes);
1804
1805 void __kprobes unregister_kretprobe(struct kretprobe *rp)
1806 {
1807 }
1808 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobe);
1809
1810 void __kprobes unregister_kretprobes(struct kretprobe **rps, int num)
1811 {
1812 }
1813 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kretprobes);
1814
1815 static int __kprobes pre_handler_kretprobe(struct kprobe *p,
1816                                            struct pt_regs *regs)
1817 {
1818         return 0;
1819 }
1820
1821 #endif /* CONFIG_KRETPROBES */
1822
1823 /* Set the kprobe gone and remove its instruction buffer. */
1824 static void __kprobes kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
1825 {
1826         struct kprobe *kp;
1827
1828         p->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE;
1829         if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) {
1830                 /*
1831                  * If this is an aggr_kprobe, we have to list all the
1832                  * chained probes and mark them GONE.
1833                  */
1834                 list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list)
1835                         kp->flags |= KPROBE_FLAG_GONE;
1836                 p->post_handler = NULL;
1837                 p->break_handler = NULL;
1838                 kill_optimized_kprobe(p);
1839         }
1840         /*
1841          * Here, we can remove insn_slot safely, because no thread calls
1842          * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more.
1843          */
1844         arch_remove_kprobe(p);
1845 }
1846
1847 /* Disable one kprobe */
1848 int __kprobes disable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp)
1849 {
1850         int ret = 0;
1851
1852         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1853
1854         /* Disable this kprobe */
1855         if (__disable_kprobe(kp) == NULL)
1856                 ret = -EINVAL;
1857
1858         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1859         return ret;
1860 }
1861 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(disable_kprobe);
1862
1863 /* Enable one kprobe */
1864 int __kprobes enable_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp)
1865 {
1866         int ret = 0;
1867         struct kprobe *p;
1868
1869         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1870
1871         /* Check whether specified probe is valid. */
1872         p = __get_valid_kprobe(kp);
1873         if (unlikely(p == NULL)) {
1874                 ret = -EINVAL;
1875                 goto out;
1876         }
1877
1878         if (kprobe_gone(kp)) {
1879                 /* This kprobe has gone, we couldn't enable it. */
1880                 ret = -EINVAL;
1881                 goto out;
1882         }
1883
1884         if (p != kp)
1885                 kp->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
1886
1887         if (!kprobes_all_disarmed && kprobe_disabled(p)) {
1888                 p->flags &= ~KPROBE_FLAG_DISABLED;
1889                 arm_kprobe(p);
1890         }
1891 out:
1892         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1893         return ret;
1894 }
1895 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(enable_kprobe);
1896
1897 void __kprobes dump_kprobe(struct kprobe *kp)
1898 {
1899         printk(KERN_WARNING "Dumping kprobe:\n");
1900         printk(KERN_WARNING "Name: %s\nAddress: %p\nOffset: %x\n",
1901                kp->symbol_name, kp->addr, kp->offset);
1902 }
1903
1904 /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */
1905 static int __kprobes kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
1906                                              unsigned long val, void *data)
1907 {
1908         struct module *mod = data;
1909         struct hlist_head *head;
1910         struct hlist_node *node;
1911         struct kprobe *p;
1912         unsigned int i;
1913         int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING);
1914
1915         if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE)
1916                 return NOTIFY_DONE;
1917
1918         /*
1919          * When MODULE_STATE_GOING was notified, both of module .text and
1920          * .init.text sections would be freed. When MODULE_STATE_LIVE was
1921          * notified, only .init.text section would be freed. We need to
1922          * disable kprobes which have been inserted in the sections.
1923          */
1924         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
1925         for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
1926                 head = &kprobe_table[i];
1927                 hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist)
1928                         if (within_module_init((unsigned long)p->addr, mod) ||
1929                             (checkcore &&
1930                              within_module_core((unsigned long)p->addr, mod))) {
1931                                 /*
1932                                  * The vaddr this probe is installed will soon
1933                                  * be vfreed buy not synced to disk. Hence,
1934                                  * disarming the breakpoint isn't needed.
1935                                  */
1936                                 kill_kprobe(p);
1937                         }
1938         }
1939         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
1940         return NOTIFY_DONE;
1941 }
1942
1943 static struct notifier_block kprobe_module_nb = {
1944         .notifier_call = kprobes_module_callback,
1945         .priority = 0
1946 };
1947
1948 static int __init init_kprobes(void)
1949 {
1950         int i, err = 0;
1951         unsigned long offset = 0, size = 0;
1952         char *modname, namebuf[128];
1953         const char *symbol_name;
1954         void *addr;
1955         struct kprobe_blackpoint *kb;
1956
1957         /* FIXME allocate the probe table, currently defined statically */
1958         /* initialize all list heads */
1959         for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
1960                 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kprobe_table[i]);
1961                 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&kretprobe_inst_table[i]);
1962                 spin_lock_init(&(kretprobe_table_locks[i].lock));
1963         }
1964
1965         /*
1966          * Lookup and populate the kprobe_blacklist.
1967          *
1968          * Unlike the kretprobe blacklist, we'll need to determine
1969          * the range of addresses that belong to the said functions,
1970          * since a kprobe need not necessarily be at the beginning
1971          * of a function.
1972          */
1973         for (kb = kprobe_blacklist; kb->name != NULL; kb++) {
1974                 kprobe_lookup_name(kb->name, addr);
1975                 if (!addr)
1976                         continue;
1977
1978                 kb->start_addr = (unsigned long)addr;
1979                 symbol_name = kallsyms_lookup(kb->start_addr,
1980                                 &size, &offset, &modname, namebuf);
1981                 if (!symbol_name)
1982                         kb->range = 0;
1983                 else
1984                         kb->range = size;
1985         }
1986
1987         if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) {
1988                 /* lookup the function address from its name */
1989                 for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) {
1990                         kprobe_lookup_name(kretprobe_blacklist[i].name,
1991                                            kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr);
1992                         if (!kretprobe_blacklist[i].addr)
1993                                 printk("kretprobe: lookup failed: %s\n",
1994                                        kretprobe_blacklist[i].name);
1995                 }
1996         }
1997
1998 #if defined(CONFIG_OPTPROBES)
1999 #if defined(__ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT)
2000         /* Init kprobe_optinsn_slots */
2001         kprobe_optinsn_slots.insn_size = MAX_OPTINSN_SIZE;
2002 #endif
2003         /* By default, kprobes can be optimized */
2004         kprobes_allow_optimization = true;
2005 #endif
2006
2007         /* By default, kprobes are armed */
2008         kprobes_all_disarmed = false;
2009
2010         err = arch_init_kprobes();
2011         if (!err)
2012                 err = register_die_notifier(&kprobe_exceptions_nb);
2013         if (!err)
2014                 err = register_module_notifier(&kprobe_module_nb);
2015
2016         kprobes_initialized = (err == 0);
2017
2018         if (!err)
2019                 init_test_probes();
2020         return err;
2021 }
2022
2023 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
2024 static void __kprobes report_probe(struct seq_file *pi, struct kprobe *p,
2025                 const char *sym, int offset, char *modname, struct kprobe *pp)
2026 {
2027         char *kprobe_type;
2028
2029         if (p->pre_handler == pre_handler_kretprobe)
2030                 kprobe_type = "r";
2031         else if (p->pre_handler == setjmp_pre_handler)
2032                 kprobe_type = "j";
2033         else
2034                 kprobe_type = "k";
2035
2036         if (sym)
2037                 seq_printf(pi, "%p  %s  %s+0x%x  %s ",
2038                         p->addr, kprobe_type, sym, offset,
2039                         (modname ? modname : " "));
2040         else
2041                 seq_printf(pi, "%p  %s  %p ",
2042                         p->addr, kprobe_type, p->addr);
2043
2044         if (!pp)
2045                 pp = p;
2046         seq_printf(pi, "%s%s%s\n",
2047                 (kprobe_gone(p) ? "[GONE]" : ""),
2048                 ((kprobe_disabled(p) && !kprobe_gone(p)) ?  "[DISABLED]" : ""),
2049                 (kprobe_optimized(pp) ? "[OPTIMIZED]" : ""));
2050 }
2051
2052 static void __kprobes *kprobe_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos)
2053 {
2054         return (*pos < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL;
2055 }
2056
2057 static void __kprobes *kprobe_seq_next(struct seq_file *f, void *v, loff_t *pos)
2058 {
2059         (*pos)++;
2060         if (*pos >= KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE)
2061                 return NULL;
2062         return pos;
2063 }
2064
2065 static void __kprobes kprobe_seq_stop(struct seq_file *f, void *v)
2066 {
2067         /* Nothing to do */
2068 }
2069
2070 static int __kprobes show_kprobe_addr(struct seq_file *pi, void *v)
2071 {
2072         struct hlist_head *head;
2073         struct hlist_node *node;
2074         struct kprobe *p, *kp;
2075         const char *sym = NULL;
2076         unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v;
2077         unsigned long offset = 0;
2078         char *modname, namebuf[128];
2079
2080         head = &kprobe_table[i];
2081         preempt_disable();
2082         hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist) {
2083                 sym = kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)p->addr, NULL,
2084                                         &offset, &modname, namebuf);
2085                 if (kprobe_aggrprobe(p)) {
2086                         list_for_each_entry_rcu(kp, &p->list, list)
2087                                 report_probe(pi, kp, sym, offset, modname, p);
2088                 } else
2089                         report_probe(pi, p, sym, offset, modname, NULL);
2090         }
2091         preempt_enable();
2092         return 0;
2093 }
2094
2095 static const struct seq_operations kprobes_seq_ops = {
2096         .start = kprobe_seq_start,
2097         .next  = kprobe_seq_next,
2098         .stop  = kprobe_seq_stop,
2099         .show  = show_kprobe_addr
2100 };
2101
2102 static int __kprobes kprobes_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
2103 {
2104         return seq_open(filp, &kprobes_seq_ops);
2105 }
2106
2107 static const struct file_operations debugfs_kprobes_operations = {
2108         .open           = kprobes_open,
2109         .read           = seq_read,
2110         .llseek         = seq_lseek,
2111         .release        = seq_release,
2112 };
2113
2114 static void __kprobes arm_all_kprobes(void)
2115 {
2116         struct hlist_head *head;
2117         struct hlist_node *node;
2118         struct kprobe *p;
2119         unsigned int i;
2120
2121         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
2122
2123         /* If kprobes are armed, just return */
2124         if (!kprobes_all_disarmed)
2125                 goto already_enabled;
2126
2127         /* Arming kprobes doesn't optimize kprobe itself */
2128         mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
2129         for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
2130                 head = &kprobe_table[i];
2131                 hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist)
2132                         if (!kprobe_disabled(p))
2133                                 __arm_kprobe(p);
2134         }
2135         mutex_unlock(&text_mutex);
2136
2137         kprobes_all_disarmed = false;
2138         printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally enabled\n");
2139
2140 already_enabled:
2141         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
2142         return;
2143 }
2144
2145 static void __kprobes disarm_all_kprobes(void)
2146 {
2147         struct hlist_head *head;
2148         struct hlist_node *node;
2149         struct kprobe *p;
2150         unsigned int i;
2151
2152         mutex_lock(&kprobe_mutex);
2153
2154         /* If kprobes are already disarmed, just return */
2155         if (kprobes_all_disarmed) {
2156                 mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
2157                 return;
2158         }
2159
2160         kprobes_all_disarmed = true;
2161         printk(KERN_INFO "Kprobes globally disabled\n");
2162
2163         mutex_lock(&text_mutex);
2164         for (i = 0; i < KPROBE_TABLE_SIZE; i++) {
2165                 head = &kprobe_table[i];
2166                 hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(p, node, head, hlist) {
2167                         if (!arch_trampoline_kprobe(p) && !kprobe_disabled(p))
2168                                 __disarm_kprobe(p, false);
2169                 }
2170         }
2171         mutex_unlock(&text_mutex);
2172         mutex_unlock(&kprobe_mutex);
2173
2174         /* Wait for disarming all kprobes by optimizer */
2175         wait_for_kprobe_optimizer();
2176 }
2177
2178 /*
2179  * XXX: The debugfs bool file interface doesn't allow for callbacks
2180  * when the bool state is switched. We can reuse that facility when
2181  * available
2182  */
2183 static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file,
2184                char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
2185 {
2186         char buf[3];
2187
2188         if (!kprobes_all_disarmed)
2189                 buf[0] = '1';
2190         else
2191                 buf[0] = '0';
2192         buf[1] = '\n';
2193         buf[2] = 0x00;
2194         return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2);
2195 }
2196
2197 static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file,
2198                const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
2199 {
2200         char buf[32];
2201         int buf_size;
2202
2203         buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1));
2204         if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size))
2205                 return -EFAULT;
2206
2207         switch (buf[0]) {
2208         case 'y':
2209         case 'Y':
2210         case '1':
2211                 arm_all_kprobes();
2212                 break;
2213         case 'n':
2214         case 'N':
2215         case '0':
2216                 disarm_all_kprobes();
2217                 break;
2218         }
2219
2220         return count;
2221 }
2222
2223 static const struct file_operations fops_kp = {
2224         .read =         read_enabled_file_bool,
2225         .write =        write_enabled_file_bool,
2226         .llseek =       default_llseek,
2227 };
2228
2229 static int __kprobes debugfs_kprobe_init(void)
2230 {
2231         struct dentry *dir, *file;
2232         unsigned int value = 1;
2233
2234         dir = debugfs_create_dir("kprobes", NULL);
2235         if (!dir)
2236                 return -ENOMEM;
2237
2238         file = debugfs_create_file("list", 0444, dir, NULL,
2239                                 &debugfs_kprobes_operations);
2240         if (!file) {
2241                 debugfs_remove(dir);
2242                 return -ENOMEM;
2243         }
2244
2245         file = debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir,
2246                                         &value, &fops_kp);
2247         if (!file) {
2248                 debugfs_remove(dir);
2249                 return -ENOMEM;
2250         }
2251
2252         return 0;
2253 }
2254
2255 late_initcall(debugfs_kprobe_init);
2256 #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_FS */
2257
2258 module_init(init_kprobes);
2259
2260 /* defined in arch/.../kernel/kprobes.c */
2261 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(jprobe_return);