Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
[linux-2.6.git] / kernel / fork.c
1 /*
2  *  linux/kernel/fork.c
3  *
4  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
5  */
6
7 /*
8  *  'fork.c' contains the help-routines for the 'fork' system call
9  * (see also entry.S and others).
10  * Fork is rather simple, once you get the hang of it, but the memory
11  * management can be a bitch. See 'mm/memory.c': 'copy_page_range()'
12  */
13
14 #include <linux/slab.h>
15 #include <linux/init.h>
16 #include <linux/unistd.h>
17 #include <linux/module.h>
18 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
19 #include <linux/completion.h>
20 #include <linux/personality.h>
21 #include <linux/mempolicy.h>
22 #include <linux/sem.h>
23 #include <linux/file.h>
24 #include <linux/fdtable.h>
25 #include <linux/iocontext.h>
26 #include <linux/key.h>
27 #include <linux/binfmts.h>
28 #include <linux/mman.h>
29 #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
30 #include <linux/fs.h>
31 #include <linux/nsproxy.h>
32 #include <linux/capability.h>
33 #include <linux/cpu.h>
34 #include <linux/cgroup.h>
35 #include <linux/security.h>
36 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
37 #include <linux/swap.h>
38 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
39 #include <linux/jiffies.h>
40 #include <linux/tracehook.h>
41 #include <linux/futex.h>
42 #include <linux/compat.h>
43 #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
44 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
45 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
46 #include <linux/mount.h>
47 #include <linux/audit.h>
48 #include <linux/memcontrol.h>
49 #include <linux/ftrace.h>
50 #include <linux/profile.h>
51 #include <linux/rmap.h>
52 #include <linux/acct.h>
53 #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
54 #include <linux/cn_proc.h>
55 #include <linux/freezer.h>
56 #include <linux/delayacct.h>
57 #include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
58 #include <linux/random.h>
59 #include <linux/tty.h>
60 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
61 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
62 #include <linux/fs_struct.h>
63 #include <linux/magic.h>
64 #include <linux/perf_counter.h>
65
66 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
67 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
68 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
69 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
70 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
71 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
72
73 #include <trace/events/sched.h>
74
75 /*
76  * Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock)
77  */
78 unsigned long total_forks;      /* Handle normal Linux uptimes. */
79 int nr_threads;                 /* The idle threads do not count.. */
80
81 int max_threads;                /* tunable limit on nr_threads */
82
83 DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts) = 0;
84
85 __cacheline_aligned DEFINE_RWLOCK(tasklist_lock);  /* outer */
86
87 int nr_processes(void)
88 {
89         int cpu;
90         int total = 0;
91
92         for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
93                 total += per_cpu(process_counts, cpu);
94
95         return total;
96 }
97
98 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
99 # define alloc_task_struct()    kmem_cache_alloc(task_struct_cachep, GFP_KERNEL)
100 # define free_task_struct(tsk)  kmem_cache_free(task_struct_cachep, (tsk))
101 static struct kmem_cache *task_struct_cachep;
102 #endif
103
104 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_INFO_ALLOCATOR
105 static inline struct thread_info *alloc_thread_info(struct task_struct *tsk)
106 {
107 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE
108         gfp_t mask = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO;
109 #else
110         gfp_t mask = GFP_KERNEL;
111 #endif
112         return (struct thread_info *)__get_free_pages(mask, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
113 }
114
115 static inline void free_thread_info(struct thread_info *ti)
116 {
117         free_pages((unsigned long)ti, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
118 }
119 #endif
120
121 /* SLAB cache for signal_struct structures (tsk->signal) */
122 static struct kmem_cache *signal_cachep;
123
124 /* SLAB cache for sighand_struct structures (tsk->sighand) */
125 struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep;
126
127 /* SLAB cache for files_struct structures (tsk->files) */
128 struct kmem_cache *files_cachep;
129
130 /* SLAB cache for fs_struct structures (tsk->fs) */
131 struct kmem_cache *fs_cachep;
132
133 /* SLAB cache for vm_area_struct structures */
134 struct kmem_cache *vm_area_cachep;
135
136 /* SLAB cache for mm_struct structures (tsk->mm) */
137 static struct kmem_cache *mm_cachep;
138
139 void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
140 {
141         prop_local_destroy_single(&tsk->dirties);
142         free_thread_info(tsk->stack);
143         rt_mutex_debug_task_free(tsk);
144         ftrace_graph_exit_task(tsk);
145         free_task_struct(tsk);
146 }
147 EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_task);
148
149 void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
150 {
151         WARN_ON(!tsk->exit_state);
152         WARN_ON(atomic_read(&tsk->usage));
153         WARN_ON(tsk == current);
154
155         exit_creds(tsk);
156         delayacct_tsk_free(tsk);
157
158         if (!profile_handoff_task(tsk))
159                 free_task(tsk);
160 }
161
162 /*
163  * macro override instead of weak attribute alias, to workaround
164  * gcc 4.1.0 and 4.1.1 bugs with weak attribute and empty functions.
165  */
166 #ifndef arch_task_cache_init
167 #define arch_task_cache_init()
168 #endif
169
170 void __init fork_init(unsigned long mempages)
171 {
172 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
173 #ifndef ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN
174 #define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN      L1_CACHE_BYTES
175 #endif
176         /* create a slab on which task_structs can be allocated */
177         task_struct_cachep =
178                 kmem_cache_create("task_struct", sizeof(struct task_struct),
179                         ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN, SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
180 #endif
181
182         /* do the arch specific task caches init */
183         arch_task_cache_init();
184
185         /*
186          * The default maximum number of threads is set to a safe
187          * value: the thread structures can take up at most half
188          * of memory.
189          */
190         max_threads = mempages / (8 * THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
191
192         /*
193          * we need to allow at least 20 threads to boot a system
194          */
195         if(max_threads < 20)
196                 max_threads = 20;
197
198         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur = max_threads/2;
199         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_max = max_threads/2;
200         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] =
201                 init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC];
202 }
203
204 int __attribute__((weak)) arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst,
205                                                struct task_struct *src)
206 {
207         *dst = *src;
208         return 0;
209 }
210
211 static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig)
212 {
213         struct task_struct *tsk;
214         struct thread_info *ti;
215         unsigned long *stackend;
216
217         int err;
218
219         prepare_to_copy(orig);
220
221         tsk = alloc_task_struct();
222         if (!tsk)
223                 return NULL;
224
225         ti = alloc_thread_info(tsk);
226         if (!ti) {
227                 free_task_struct(tsk);
228                 return NULL;
229         }
230
231         err = arch_dup_task_struct(tsk, orig);
232         if (err)
233                 goto out;
234
235         tsk->stack = ti;
236
237         err = prop_local_init_single(&tsk->dirties);
238         if (err)
239                 goto out;
240
241         setup_thread_stack(tsk, orig);
242         stackend = end_of_stack(tsk);
243         *stackend = STACK_END_MAGIC;    /* for overflow detection */
244
245 #ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
246         tsk->stack_canary = get_random_int();
247 #endif
248
249         /* One for us, one for whoever does the "release_task()" (usually parent) */
250         atomic_set(&tsk->usage,2);
251         atomic_set(&tsk->fs_excl, 0);
252 #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE
253         tsk->btrace_seq = 0;
254 #endif
255         tsk->splice_pipe = NULL;
256         return tsk;
257
258 out:
259         free_thread_info(ti);
260         free_task_struct(tsk);
261         return NULL;
262 }
263
264 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
265 static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
266 {
267         struct vm_area_struct *mpnt, *tmp, **pprev;
268         struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent;
269         int retval;
270         unsigned long charge;
271         struct mempolicy *pol;
272
273         down_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
274         flush_cache_dup_mm(oldmm);
275         /*
276          * Not linked in yet - no deadlock potential:
277          */
278         down_write_nested(&mm->mmap_sem, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
279
280         mm->locked_vm = 0;
281         mm->mmap = NULL;
282         mm->mmap_cache = NULL;
283         mm->free_area_cache = oldmm->mmap_base;
284         mm->cached_hole_size = ~0UL;
285         mm->map_count = 0;
286         cpumask_clear(mm_cpumask(mm));
287         mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
288         rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node;
289         rb_parent = NULL;
290         pprev = &mm->mmap;
291
292         for (mpnt = oldmm->mmap; mpnt; mpnt = mpnt->vm_next) {
293                 struct file *file;
294
295                 if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_DONTCOPY) {
296                         long pages = vma_pages(mpnt);
297                         mm->total_vm -= pages;
298                         vm_stat_account(mm, mpnt->vm_flags, mpnt->vm_file,
299                                                                 -pages);
300                         continue;
301                 }
302                 charge = 0;
303                 if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
304                         unsigned int len = (mpnt->vm_end - mpnt->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
305                         if (security_vm_enough_memory(len))
306                                 goto fail_nomem;
307                         charge = len;
308                 }
309                 tmp = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
310                 if (!tmp)
311                         goto fail_nomem;
312                 *tmp = *mpnt;
313                 pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(mpnt));
314                 retval = PTR_ERR(pol);
315                 if (IS_ERR(pol))
316                         goto fail_nomem_policy;
317                 vma_set_policy(tmp, pol);
318                 tmp->vm_flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
319                 tmp->vm_mm = mm;
320                 tmp->vm_next = NULL;
321                 anon_vma_link(tmp);
322                 file = tmp->vm_file;
323                 if (file) {
324                         struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
325                         struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
326
327                         get_file(file);
328                         if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
329                                 atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount);
330                         spin_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
331                         if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
332                                 mapping->i_mmap_writable++;
333                         tmp->vm_truncate_count = mpnt->vm_truncate_count;
334                         flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
335                         /* insert tmp into the share list, just after mpnt */
336                         vma_prio_tree_add(tmp, mpnt);
337                         flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
338                         spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
339                 }
340
341                 /*
342                  * Clear hugetlb-related page reserves for children. This only
343                  * affects MAP_PRIVATE mappings. Faults generated by the child
344                  * are not guaranteed to succeed, even if read-only
345                  */
346                 if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(tmp))
347                         reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(tmp);
348
349                 /*
350                  * Link in the new vma and copy the page table entries.
351                  */
352                 *pprev = tmp;
353                 pprev = &tmp->vm_next;
354
355                 __vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent);
356                 rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right;
357                 rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb;
358
359                 mm->map_count++;
360                 retval = copy_page_range(mm, oldmm, mpnt);
361
362                 if (tmp->vm_ops && tmp->vm_ops->open)
363                         tmp->vm_ops->open(tmp);
364
365                 if (retval)
366                         goto out;
367         }
368         /* a new mm has just been created */
369         arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
370         retval = 0;
371 out:
372         up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
373         flush_tlb_mm(oldmm);
374         up_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
375         return retval;
376 fail_nomem_policy:
377         kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, tmp);
378 fail_nomem:
379         retval = -ENOMEM;
380         vm_unacct_memory(charge);
381         goto out;
382 }
383
384 static inline int mm_alloc_pgd(struct mm_struct * mm)
385 {
386         mm->pgd = pgd_alloc(mm);
387         if (unlikely(!mm->pgd))
388                 return -ENOMEM;
389         return 0;
390 }
391
392 static inline void mm_free_pgd(struct mm_struct * mm)
393 {
394         pgd_free(mm, mm->pgd);
395 }
396 #else
397 #define dup_mmap(mm, oldmm)     (0)
398 #define mm_alloc_pgd(mm)        (0)
399 #define mm_free_pgd(mm)
400 #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
401
402 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmlist_lock);
403
404 #define allocate_mm()   (kmem_cache_alloc(mm_cachep, GFP_KERNEL))
405 #define free_mm(mm)     (kmem_cache_free(mm_cachep, (mm)))
406
407 static unsigned long default_dump_filter = MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT;
408
409 static int __init coredump_filter_setup(char *s)
410 {
411         default_dump_filter =
412                 (simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 0) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) &
413                 MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK;
414         return 1;
415 }
416
417 __setup("coredump_filter=", coredump_filter_setup);
418
419 #include <linux/init_task.h>
420
421 static struct mm_struct * mm_init(struct mm_struct * mm, struct task_struct *p)
422 {
423         atomic_set(&mm->mm_users, 1);
424         atomic_set(&mm->mm_count, 1);
425         init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_sem);
426         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mm->mmlist);
427         mm->flags = (current->mm) ? current->mm->flags : default_dump_filter;
428         mm->core_state = NULL;
429         mm->nr_ptes = 0;
430         set_mm_counter(mm, file_rss, 0);
431         set_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss, 0);
432         spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock);
433         spin_lock_init(&mm->ioctx_lock);
434         INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mm->ioctx_list);
435         mm->free_area_cache = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
436         mm->cached_hole_size = ~0UL;
437         mm_init_owner(mm, p);
438
439         if (likely(!mm_alloc_pgd(mm))) {
440                 mm->def_flags = 0;
441                 mmu_notifier_mm_init(mm);
442                 return mm;
443         }
444
445         free_mm(mm);
446         return NULL;
447 }
448
449 /*
450  * Allocate and initialize an mm_struct.
451  */
452 struct mm_struct * mm_alloc(void)
453 {
454         struct mm_struct * mm;
455
456         mm = allocate_mm();
457         if (mm) {
458                 memset(mm, 0, sizeof(*mm));
459                 mm = mm_init(mm, current);
460         }
461         return mm;
462 }
463
464 /*
465  * Called when the last reference to the mm
466  * is dropped: either by a lazy thread or by
467  * mmput. Free the page directory and the mm.
468  */
469 void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
470 {
471         BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm);
472         mm_free_pgd(mm);
473         destroy_context(mm);
474         mmu_notifier_mm_destroy(mm);
475         free_mm(mm);
476 }
477 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmdrop);
478
479 /*
480  * Decrement the use count and release all resources for an mm.
481  */
482 void mmput(struct mm_struct *mm)
483 {
484         might_sleep();
485
486         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) {
487                 exit_aio(mm);
488                 exit_mmap(mm);
489                 set_mm_exe_file(mm, NULL);
490                 if (!list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) {
491                         spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
492                         list_del(&mm->mmlist);
493                         spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
494                 }
495                 put_swap_token(mm);
496                 mmdrop(mm);
497         }
498 }
499 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmput);
500
501 /**
502  * get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm
503  *
504  * Returns %NULL if the task has no mm.  Checks PF_KTHREAD (meaning
505  * this kernel workthread has transiently adopted a user mm with use_mm,
506  * to do its AIO) is not set and if so returns a reference to it, after
507  * bumping up the use count.  User must release the mm via mmput()
508  * after use.  Typically used by /proc and ptrace.
509  */
510 struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task)
511 {
512         struct mm_struct *mm;
513
514         task_lock(task);
515         mm = task->mm;
516         if (mm) {
517                 if (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
518                         mm = NULL;
519                 else
520                         atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users);
521         }
522         task_unlock(task);
523         return mm;
524 }
525 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_mm);
526
527 /* Please note the differences between mmput and mm_release.
528  * mmput is called whenever we stop holding onto a mm_struct,
529  * error success whatever.
530  *
531  * mm_release is called after a mm_struct has been removed
532  * from the current process.
533  *
534  * This difference is important for error handling, when we
535  * only half set up a mm_struct for a new process and need to restore
536  * the old one.  Because we mmput the new mm_struct before
537  * restoring the old one. . .
538  * Eric Biederman 10 January 1998
539  */
540 void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
541 {
542         struct completion *vfork_done = tsk->vfork_done;
543
544         /* Get rid of any futexes when releasing the mm */
545 #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
546         if (unlikely(tsk->robust_list))
547                 exit_robust_list(tsk);
548 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
549         if (unlikely(tsk->compat_robust_list))
550                 compat_exit_robust_list(tsk);
551 #endif
552 #endif
553
554         /* Get rid of any cached register state */
555         deactivate_mm(tsk, mm);
556
557         /* notify parent sleeping on vfork() */
558         if (vfork_done) {
559                 tsk->vfork_done = NULL;
560                 complete(vfork_done);
561         }
562
563         /*
564          * If we're exiting normally, clear a user-space tid field if
565          * requested.  We leave this alone when dying by signal, to leave
566          * the value intact in a core dump, and to save the unnecessary
567          * trouble otherwise.  Userland only wants this done for a sys_exit.
568          */
569         if (tsk->clear_child_tid) {
570                 if (!(tsk->flags & PF_SIGNALED) &&
571                     atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1) {
572                         /*
573                          * We don't check the error code - if userspace has
574                          * not set up a proper pointer then tough luck.
575                          */
576                         put_user(0, tsk->clear_child_tid);
577                         sys_futex(tsk->clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE,
578                                         1, NULL, NULL, 0);
579                 }
580                 tsk->clear_child_tid = NULL;
581         }
582 }
583
584 /*
585  * Allocate a new mm structure and copy contents from the
586  * mm structure of the passed in task structure.
587  */
588 struct mm_struct *dup_mm(struct task_struct *tsk)
589 {
590         struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm = current->mm;
591         int err;
592
593         if (!oldmm)
594                 return NULL;
595
596         mm = allocate_mm();
597         if (!mm)
598                 goto fail_nomem;
599
600         memcpy(mm, oldmm, sizeof(*mm));
601
602         /* Initializing for Swap token stuff */
603         mm->token_priority = 0;
604         mm->last_interval = 0;
605
606         if (!mm_init(mm, tsk))
607                 goto fail_nomem;
608
609         if (init_new_context(tsk, mm))
610                 goto fail_nocontext;
611
612         dup_mm_exe_file(oldmm, mm);
613
614         err = dup_mmap(mm, oldmm);
615         if (err)
616                 goto free_pt;
617
618         mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm);
619         mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm;
620
621         return mm;
622
623 free_pt:
624         mmput(mm);
625
626 fail_nomem:
627         return NULL;
628
629 fail_nocontext:
630         /*
631          * If init_new_context() failed, we cannot use mmput() to free the mm
632          * because it calls destroy_context()
633          */
634         mm_free_pgd(mm);
635         free_mm(mm);
636         return NULL;
637 }
638
639 static int copy_mm(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
640 {
641         struct mm_struct * mm, *oldmm;
642         int retval;
643
644         tsk->min_flt = tsk->maj_flt = 0;
645         tsk->nvcsw = tsk->nivcsw = 0;
646 #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK
647         tsk->last_switch_count = tsk->nvcsw + tsk->nivcsw;
648 #endif
649
650         tsk->mm = NULL;
651         tsk->active_mm = NULL;
652
653         /*
654          * Are we cloning a kernel thread?
655          *
656          * We need to steal a active VM for that..
657          */
658         oldmm = current->mm;
659         if (!oldmm)
660                 return 0;
661
662         if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) {
663                 atomic_inc(&oldmm->mm_users);
664                 mm = oldmm;
665                 goto good_mm;
666         }
667
668         retval = -ENOMEM;
669         mm = dup_mm(tsk);
670         if (!mm)
671                 goto fail_nomem;
672
673 good_mm:
674         /* Initializing for Swap token stuff */
675         mm->token_priority = 0;
676         mm->last_interval = 0;
677
678         tsk->mm = mm;
679         tsk->active_mm = mm;
680         return 0;
681
682 fail_nomem:
683         return retval;
684 }
685
686 static int copy_fs(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
687 {
688         struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
689         if (clone_flags & CLONE_FS) {
690                 /* tsk->fs is already what we want */
691                 write_lock(&fs->lock);
692                 if (fs->in_exec) {
693                         write_unlock(&fs->lock);
694                         return -EAGAIN;
695                 }
696                 fs->users++;
697                 write_unlock(&fs->lock);
698                 return 0;
699         }
700         tsk->fs = copy_fs_struct(fs);
701         if (!tsk->fs)
702                 return -ENOMEM;
703         return 0;
704 }
705
706 static int copy_files(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
707 {
708         struct files_struct *oldf, *newf;
709         int error = 0;
710
711         /*
712          * A background process may not have any files ...
713          */
714         oldf = current->files;
715         if (!oldf)
716                 goto out;
717
718         if (clone_flags & CLONE_FILES) {
719                 atomic_inc(&oldf->count);
720                 goto out;
721         }
722
723         newf = dup_fd(oldf, &error);
724         if (!newf)
725                 goto out;
726
727         tsk->files = newf;
728         error = 0;
729 out:
730         return error;
731 }
732
733 static int copy_io(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
734 {
735 #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
736         struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context;
737
738         if (!ioc)
739                 return 0;
740         /*
741          * Share io context with parent, if CLONE_IO is set
742          */
743         if (clone_flags & CLONE_IO) {
744                 tsk->io_context = ioc_task_link(ioc);
745                 if (unlikely(!tsk->io_context))
746                         return -ENOMEM;
747         } else if (ioprio_valid(ioc->ioprio)) {
748                 tsk->io_context = alloc_io_context(GFP_KERNEL, -1);
749                 if (unlikely(!tsk->io_context))
750                         return -ENOMEM;
751
752                 tsk->io_context->ioprio = ioc->ioprio;
753         }
754 #endif
755         return 0;
756 }
757
758 static int copy_sighand(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
759 {
760         struct sighand_struct *sig;
761
762         if (clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) {
763                 atomic_inc(&current->sighand->count);
764                 return 0;
765         }
766         sig = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
767         rcu_assign_pointer(tsk->sighand, sig);
768         if (!sig)
769                 return -ENOMEM;
770         atomic_set(&sig->count, 1);
771         memcpy(sig->action, current->sighand->action, sizeof(sig->action));
772         return 0;
773 }
774
775 void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *sighand)
776 {
777         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sighand->count))
778                 kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, sighand);
779 }
780
781
782 /*
783  * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a thread group.
784  */
785 static void posix_cpu_timers_init_group(struct signal_struct *sig)
786 {
787         /* Thread group counters. */
788         thread_group_cputime_init(sig);
789
790         /* Expiration times and increments. */
791         sig->it_virt_expires = cputime_zero;
792         sig->it_virt_incr = cputime_zero;
793         sig->it_prof_expires = cputime_zero;
794         sig->it_prof_incr = cputime_zero;
795
796         /* Cached expiration times. */
797         sig->cputime_expires.prof_exp = cputime_zero;
798         sig->cputime_expires.virt_exp = cputime_zero;
799         sig->cputime_expires.sched_exp = 0;
800
801         if (sig->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur != RLIM_INFINITY) {
802                 sig->cputime_expires.prof_exp =
803                         secs_to_cputime(sig->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur);
804                 sig->cputimer.running = 1;
805         }
806
807         /* The timer lists. */
808         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[0]);
809         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[1]);
810         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[2]);
811 }
812
813 static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
814 {
815         struct signal_struct *sig;
816
817         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
818                 return 0;
819
820         sig = kmem_cache_alloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
821         tsk->signal = sig;
822         if (!sig)
823                 return -ENOMEM;
824
825         atomic_set(&sig->count, 1);
826         atomic_set(&sig->live, 1);
827         init_waitqueue_head(&sig->wait_chldexit);
828         sig->flags = 0;
829         if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWPID)
830                 sig->flags |= SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE;
831         sig->group_exit_code = 0;
832         sig->group_exit_task = NULL;
833         sig->group_stop_count = 0;
834         sig->curr_target = tsk;
835         init_sigpending(&sig->shared_pending);
836         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->posix_timers);
837
838         hrtimer_init(&sig->real_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
839         sig->it_real_incr.tv64 = 0;
840         sig->real_timer.function = it_real_fn;
841
842         sig->leader = 0;        /* session leadership doesn't inherit */
843         sig->tty_old_pgrp = NULL;
844         sig->tty = NULL;
845
846         sig->utime = sig->stime = sig->cutime = sig->cstime = cputime_zero;
847         sig->gtime = cputime_zero;
848         sig->cgtime = cputime_zero;
849         sig->nvcsw = sig->nivcsw = sig->cnvcsw = sig->cnivcsw = 0;
850         sig->min_flt = sig->maj_flt = sig->cmin_flt = sig->cmaj_flt = 0;
851         sig->inblock = sig->oublock = sig->cinblock = sig->coublock = 0;
852         task_io_accounting_init(&sig->ioac);
853         sig->sum_sched_runtime = 0;
854         taskstats_tgid_init(sig);
855
856         task_lock(current->group_leader);
857         memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim);
858         task_unlock(current->group_leader);
859
860         posix_cpu_timers_init_group(sig);
861
862         acct_init_pacct(&sig->pacct);
863
864         tty_audit_fork(sig);
865
866         return 0;
867 }
868
869 void __cleanup_signal(struct signal_struct *sig)
870 {
871         thread_group_cputime_free(sig);
872         tty_kref_put(sig->tty);
873         kmem_cache_free(signal_cachep, sig);
874 }
875
876 static void copy_flags(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
877 {
878         unsigned long new_flags = p->flags;
879
880         new_flags &= ~PF_SUPERPRIV;
881         new_flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC;
882         new_flags |= PF_STARTING;
883         p->flags = new_flags;
884         clear_freeze_flag(p);
885 }
886
887 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(set_tid_address, int __user *, tidptr)
888 {
889         current->clear_child_tid = tidptr;
890
891         return task_pid_vnr(current);
892 }
893
894 static void rt_mutex_init_task(struct task_struct *p)
895 {
896         spin_lock_init(&p->pi_lock);
897 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES
898         plist_head_init(&p->pi_waiters, &p->pi_lock);
899         p->pi_blocked_on = NULL;
900 #endif
901 }
902
903 #ifdef CONFIG_MM_OWNER
904 void mm_init_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p)
905 {
906         mm->owner = p;
907 }
908 #endif /* CONFIG_MM_OWNER */
909
910 /*
911  * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a single task.
912  */
913 static void posix_cpu_timers_init(struct task_struct *tsk)
914 {
915         tsk->cputime_expires.prof_exp = cputime_zero;
916         tsk->cputime_expires.virt_exp = cputime_zero;
917         tsk->cputime_expires.sched_exp = 0;
918         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[0]);
919         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[1]);
920         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[2]);
921 }
922
923 /*
924  * This creates a new process as a copy of the old one,
925  * but does not actually start it yet.
926  *
927  * It copies the registers, and all the appropriate
928  * parts of the process environment (as per the clone
929  * flags). The actual kick-off is left to the caller.
930  */
931 static struct task_struct *copy_process(unsigned long clone_flags,
932                                         unsigned long stack_start,
933                                         struct pt_regs *regs,
934                                         unsigned long stack_size,
935                                         int __user *child_tidptr,
936                                         struct pid *pid,
937                                         int trace)
938 {
939         int retval;
940         struct task_struct *p;
941         int cgroup_callbacks_done = 0;
942
943         if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS))
944                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
945
946         /*
947          * Thread groups must share signals as well, and detached threads
948          * can only be started up within the thread group.
949          */
950         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND))
951                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
952
953         /*
954          * Shared signal handlers imply shared VM. By way of the above,
955          * thread groups also imply shared VM. Blocking this case allows
956          * for various simplifications in other code.
957          */
958         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_VM))
959                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
960
961         retval = security_task_create(clone_flags);
962         if (retval)
963                 goto fork_out;
964
965         retval = -ENOMEM;
966         p = dup_task_struct(current);
967         if (!p)
968                 goto fork_out;
969
970         ftrace_graph_init_task(p);
971
972         rt_mutex_init_task(p);
973
974 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
975         DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->hardirqs_enabled);
976         DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->softirqs_enabled);
977 #endif
978         retval = -EAGAIN;
979         if (atomic_read(&p->real_cred->user->processes) >=
980                         p->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur) {
981                 if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) &&
982                     p->real_cred->user != INIT_USER)
983                         goto bad_fork_free;
984         }
985
986         retval = copy_creds(p, clone_flags);
987         if (retval < 0)
988                 goto bad_fork_free;
989
990         /*
991          * If multiple threads are within copy_process(), then this check
992          * triggers too late. This doesn't hurt, the check is only there
993          * to stop root fork bombs.
994          */
995         retval = -EAGAIN;
996         if (nr_threads >= max_threads)
997                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
998
999         if (!try_module_get(task_thread_info(p)->exec_domain->module))
1000                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
1001
1002         if (p->binfmt && !try_module_get(p->binfmt->module))
1003                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_put_domain;
1004
1005         p->did_exec = 0;
1006         delayacct_tsk_init(p);  /* Must remain after dup_task_struct() */
1007         copy_flags(clone_flags, p);
1008         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->children);
1009         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->sibling);
1010         rcu_copy_process(p);
1011         p->vfork_done = NULL;
1012         spin_lock_init(&p->alloc_lock);
1013
1014         init_sigpending(&p->pending);
1015
1016         p->utime = cputime_zero;
1017         p->stime = cputime_zero;
1018         p->gtime = cputime_zero;
1019         p->utimescaled = cputime_zero;
1020         p->stimescaled = cputime_zero;
1021         p->prev_utime = cputime_zero;
1022         p->prev_stime = cputime_zero;
1023
1024         p->default_timer_slack_ns = current->timer_slack_ns;
1025
1026         task_io_accounting_init(&p->ioac);
1027         acct_clear_integrals(p);
1028
1029         posix_cpu_timers_init(p);
1030
1031         p->lock_depth = -1;             /* -1 = no lock */
1032         do_posix_clock_monotonic_gettime(&p->start_time);
1033         p->real_start_time = p->start_time;
1034         monotonic_to_bootbased(&p->real_start_time);
1035         p->io_context = NULL;
1036         p->audit_context = NULL;
1037         cgroup_fork(p);
1038 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
1039         p->mempolicy = mpol_dup(p->mempolicy);
1040         if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) {
1041                 retval = PTR_ERR(p->mempolicy);
1042                 p->mempolicy = NULL;
1043                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_cgroup;
1044         }
1045         mpol_fix_fork_child_flag(p);
1046 #endif
1047 #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
1048         p->irq_events = 0;
1049 #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
1050         p->hardirqs_enabled = 1;
1051 #else
1052         p->hardirqs_enabled = 0;
1053 #endif
1054         p->hardirq_enable_ip = 0;
1055         p->hardirq_enable_event = 0;
1056         p->hardirq_disable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
1057         p->hardirq_disable_event = 0;
1058         p->softirqs_enabled = 1;
1059         p->softirq_enable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
1060         p->softirq_enable_event = 0;
1061         p->softirq_disable_ip = 0;
1062         p->softirq_disable_event = 0;
1063         p->hardirq_context = 0;
1064         p->softirq_context = 0;
1065 #endif
1066 #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
1067         p->lockdep_depth = 0; /* no locks held yet */
1068         p->curr_chain_key = 0;
1069         p->lockdep_recursion = 0;
1070 #endif
1071
1072 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
1073         p->blocked_on = NULL; /* not blocked yet */
1074 #endif
1075
1076         p->bts = NULL;
1077
1078         /* Perform scheduler related setup. Assign this task to a CPU. */
1079         sched_fork(p, clone_flags);
1080
1081         retval = perf_counter_init_task(p);
1082         if (retval)
1083                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
1084
1085         if ((retval = audit_alloc(p)))
1086                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
1087         /* copy all the process information */
1088         if ((retval = copy_semundo(clone_flags, p)))
1089                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_audit;
1090         if ((retval = copy_files(clone_flags, p)))
1091                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_semundo;
1092         if ((retval = copy_fs(clone_flags, p)))
1093                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_files;
1094         if ((retval = copy_sighand(clone_flags, p)))
1095                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_fs;
1096         if ((retval = copy_signal(clone_flags, p)))
1097                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_sighand;
1098         if ((retval = copy_mm(clone_flags, p)))
1099                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_signal;
1100         if ((retval = copy_namespaces(clone_flags, p)))
1101                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_mm;
1102         if ((retval = copy_io(clone_flags, p)))
1103                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces;
1104         retval = copy_thread(clone_flags, stack_start, stack_size, p, regs);
1105         if (retval)
1106                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_io;
1107
1108         if (pid != &init_struct_pid) {
1109                 retval = -ENOMEM;
1110                 pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns);
1111                 if (!pid)
1112                         goto bad_fork_cleanup_io;
1113
1114                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWPID) {
1115                         retval = pid_ns_prepare_proc(p->nsproxy->pid_ns);
1116                         if (retval < 0)
1117                                 goto bad_fork_free_pid;
1118                 }
1119         }
1120
1121         p->pid = pid_nr(pid);
1122         p->tgid = p->pid;
1123         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
1124                 p->tgid = current->tgid;
1125
1126         if (current->nsproxy != p->nsproxy) {
1127                 retval = ns_cgroup_clone(p, pid);
1128                 if (retval)
1129                         goto bad_fork_free_pid;
1130         }
1131
1132         p->set_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_SETTID) ? child_tidptr : NULL;
1133         /*
1134          * Clear TID on mm_release()?
1135          */
1136         p->clear_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID) ? child_tidptr: NULL;
1137 #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
1138         p->robust_list = NULL;
1139 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
1140         p->compat_robust_list = NULL;
1141 #endif
1142         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->pi_state_list);
1143         p->pi_state_cache = NULL;
1144 #endif
1145         /*
1146          * sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM
1147          */
1148         if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM|CLONE_VFORK)) == CLONE_VM)
1149                 p->sas_ss_sp = p->sas_ss_size = 0;
1150
1151         /*
1152          * Syscall tracing should be turned off in the child regardless
1153          * of CLONE_PTRACE.
1154          */
1155         clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
1156 #ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU
1157         clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
1158 #endif
1159         clear_all_latency_tracing(p);
1160
1161         /* ok, now we should be set up.. */
1162         p->exit_signal = (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) ? -1 : (clone_flags & CSIGNAL);
1163         p->pdeath_signal = 0;
1164         p->exit_state = 0;
1165
1166         /*
1167          * Ok, make it visible to the rest of the system.
1168          * We dont wake it up yet.
1169          */
1170         p->group_leader = p;
1171         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->thread_group);
1172
1173         /* Now that the task is set up, run cgroup callbacks if
1174          * necessary. We need to run them before the task is visible
1175          * on the tasklist. */
1176         cgroup_fork_callbacks(p);
1177         cgroup_callbacks_done = 1;
1178
1179         /* Need tasklist lock for parent etc handling! */
1180         write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
1181
1182         /*
1183          * The task hasn't been attached yet, so its cpus_allowed mask will
1184          * not be changed, nor will its assigned CPU.
1185          *
1186          * The cpus_allowed mask of the parent may have changed after it was
1187          * copied first time - so re-copy it here, then check the child's CPU
1188          * to ensure it is on a valid CPU (and if not, just force it back to
1189          * parent's CPU). This avoids alot of nasty races.
1190          */
1191         p->cpus_allowed = current->cpus_allowed;
1192         p->rt.nr_cpus_allowed = current->rt.nr_cpus_allowed;
1193         if (unlikely(!cpu_isset(task_cpu(p), p->cpus_allowed) ||
1194                         !cpu_online(task_cpu(p))))
1195                 set_task_cpu(p, smp_processor_id());
1196
1197         /* CLONE_PARENT re-uses the old parent */
1198         if (clone_flags & (CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_THREAD)) {
1199                 p->real_parent = current->real_parent;
1200                 p->parent_exec_id = current->parent_exec_id;
1201         } else {
1202                 p->real_parent = current;
1203                 p->parent_exec_id = current->self_exec_id;
1204         }
1205
1206         spin_lock(&current->sighand->siglock);
1207
1208         /*
1209          * Process group and session signals need to be delivered to just the
1210          * parent before the fork or both the parent and the child after the
1211          * fork. Restart if a signal comes in before we add the new process to
1212          * it's process group.
1213          * A fatal signal pending means that current will exit, so the new
1214          * thread can't slip out of an OOM kill (or normal SIGKILL).
1215          */
1216         recalc_sigpending();
1217         if (signal_pending(current)) {
1218                 spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
1219                 write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
1220                 retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
1221                 goto bad_fork_free_pid;
1222         }
1223
1224         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
1225                 atomic_inc(&current->signal->count);
1226                 atomic_inc(&current->signal->live);
1227                 p->group_leader = current->group_leader;
1228                 list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_group, &p->group_leader->thread_group);
1229         }
1230
1231         if (likely(p->pid)) {
1232                 list_add_tail(&p->sibling, &p->real_parent->children);
1233                 tracehook_finish_clone(p, clone_flags, trace);
1234
1235                 if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
1236                         if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWPID)
1237                                 p->nsproxy->pid_ns->child_reaper = p;
1238
1239                         p->signal->leader_pid = pid;
1240                         tty_kref_put(p->signal->tty);
1241                         p->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty);
1242                         attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID, task_pgrp(current));
1243                         attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, task_session(current));
1244                         list_add_tail_rcu(&p->tasks, &init_task.tasks);
1245                         __get_cpu_var(process_counts)++;
1246                 }
1247                 attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID, pid);
1248                 nr_threads++;
1249         }
1250
1251         total_forks++;
1252         spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
1253         write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
1254         proc_fork_connector(p);
1255         cgroup_post_fork(p);
1256         perf_counter_fork(p);
1257         return p;
1258
1259 bad_fork_free_pid:
1260         if (pid != &init_struct_pid)
1261                 free_pid(pid);
1262 bad_fork_cleanup_io:
1263         put_io_context(p->io_context);
1264 bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces:
1265         exit_task_namespaces(p);
1266 bad_fork_cleanup_mm:
1267         if (p->mm)
1268                 mmput(p->mm);
1269 bad_fork_cleanup_signal:
1270         if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD))
1271                 __cleanup_signal(p->signal);
1272 bad_fork_cleanup_sighand:
1273         __cleanup_sighand(p->sighand);
1274 bad_fork_cleanup_fs:
1275         exit_fs(p); /* blocking */
1276 bad_fork_cleanup_files:
1277         exit_files(p); /* blocking */
1278 bad_fork_cleanup_semundo:
1279         exit_sem(p);
1280 bad_fork_cleanup_audit:
1281         audit_free(p);
1282 bad_fork_cleanup_policy:
1283         perf_counter_free_task(p);
1284 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
1285         mpol_put(p->mempolicy);
1286 bad_fork_cleanup_cgroup:
1287 #endif
1288         cgroup_exit(p, cgroup_callbacks_done);
1289         delayacct_tsk_free(p);
1290         if (p->binfmt)
1291                 module_put(p->binfmt->module);
1292 bad_fork_cleanup_put_domain:
1293         module_put(task_thread_info(p)->exec_domain->module);
1294 bad_fork_cleanup_count:
1295         atomic_dec(&p->cred->user->processes);
1296         exit_creds(p);
1297 bad_fork_free:
1298         free_task(p);
1299 fork_out:
1300         return ERR_PTR(retval);
1301 }
1302
1303 noinline struct pt_regs * __cpuinit __attribute__((weak)) idle_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
1304 {
1305         memset(regs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
1306         return regs;
1307 }
1308
1309 struct task_struct * __cpuinit fork_idle(int cpu)
1310 {
1311         struct task_struct *task;
1312         struct pt_regs regs;
1313
1314         task = copy_process(CLONE_VM, 0, idle_regs(&regs), 0, NULL,
1315                             &init_struct_pid, 0);
1316         if (!IS_ERR(task))
1317                 init_idle(task, cpu);
1318
1319         return task;
1320 }
1321
1322 /*
1323  *  Ok, this is the main fork-routine.
1324  *
1325  * It copies the process, and if successful kick-starts
1326  * it and waits for it to finish using the VM if required.
1327  */
1328 long do_fork(unsigned long clone_flags,
1329               unsigned long stack_start,
1330               struct pt_regs *regs,
1331               unsigned long stack_size,
1332               int __user *parent_tidptr,
1333               int __user *child_tidptr)
1334 {
1335         struct task_struct *p;
1336         int trace = 0;
1337         long nr;
1338
1339         /*
1340          * Do some preliminary argument and permissions checking before we
1341          * actually start allocating stuff
1342          */
1343         if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) {
1344                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
1345                         return -EINVAL;
1346                 /* hopefully this check will go away when userns support is
1347                  * complete
1348                  */
1349                 if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !capable(CAP_SETUID) ||
1350                                 !capable(CAP_SETGID))
1351                         return -EPERM;
1352         }
1353
1354         /*
1355          * We hope to recycle these flags after 2.6.26
1356          */
1357         if (unlikely(clone_flags & CLONE_STOPPED)) {
1358                 static int __read_mostly count = 100;
1359
1360                 if (count > 0 && printk_ratelimit()) {
1361                         char comm[TASK_COMM_LEN];
1362
1363                         count--;
1364                         printk(KERN_INFO "fork(): process `%s' used deprecated "
1365                                         "clone flags 0x%lx\n",
1366                                 get_task_comm(comm, current),
1367                                 clone_flags & CLONE_STOPPED);
1368                 }
1369         }
1370
1371         /*
1372          * When called from kernel_thread, don't do user tracing stuff.
1373          */
1374         if (likely(user_mode(regs)))
1375                 trace = tracehook_prepare_clone(clone_flags);
1376
1377         p = copy_process(clone_flags, stack_start, regs, stack_size,
1378                          child_tidptr, NULL, trace);
1379         /*
1380          * Do this prior waking up the new thread - the thread pointer
1381          * might get invalid after that point, if the thread exits quickly.
1382          */
1383         if (!IS_ERR(p)) {
1384                 struct completion vfork;
1385
1386                 trace_sched_process_fork(current, p);
1387
1388                 nr = task_pid_vnr(p);
1389
1390                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID)
1391                         put_user(nr, parent_tidptr);
1392
1393                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
1394                         p->vfork_done = &vfork;
1395                         init_completion(&vfork);
1396                 }
1397
1398                 audit_finish_fork(p);
1399                 tracehook_report_clone(regs, clone_flags, nr, p);
1400
1401                 /*
1402                  * We set PF_STARTING at creation in case tracing wants to
1403                  * use this to distinguish a fully live task from one that
1404                  * hasn't gotten to tracehook_report_clone() yet.  Now we
1405                  * clear it and set the child going.
1406                  */
1407                 p->flags &= ~PF_STARTING;
1408
1409                 if (unlikely(clone_flags & CLONE_STOPPED)) {
1410                         /*
1411                          * We'll start up with an immediate SIGSTOP.
1412                          */
1413                         sigaddset(&p->pending.signal, SIGSTOP);
1414                         set_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SIGPENDING);
1415                         __set_task_state(p, TASK_STOPPED);
1416                 } else {
1417                         wake_up_new_task(p, clone_flags);
1418                 }
1419
1420                 tracehook_report_clone_complete(trace, regs,
1421                                                 clone_flags, nr, p);
1422
1423                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
1424                         freezer_do_not_count();
1425                         wait_for_completion(&vfork);
1426                         freezer_count();
1427                         tracehook_report_vfork_done(p, nr);
1428                 }
1429         } else {
1430                 nr = PTR_ERR(p);
1431         }
1432         return nr;
1433 }
1434
1435 #ifndef ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN
1436 #define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0
1437 #endif
1438
1439 static void sighand_ctor(void *data)
1440 {
1441         struct sighand_struct *sighand = data;
1442
1443         spin_lock_init(&sighand->siglock);
1444         init_waitqueue_head(&sighand->signalfd_wqh);
1445 }
1446
1447 void __init proc_caches_init(void)
1448 {
1449         sighand_cachep = kmem_cache_create("sighand_cache",
1450                         sizeof(struct sighand_struct), 0,
1451                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU|
1452                         SLAB_NOTRACK, sighand_ctor);
1453         signal_cachep = kmem_cache_create("signal_cache",
1454                         sizeof(struct signal_struct), 0,
1455                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1456         files_cachep = kmem_cache_create("files_cache",
1457                         sizeof(struct files_struct), 0,
1458                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1459         fs_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fs_cache",
1460                         sizeof(struct fs_struct), 0,
1461                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1462         mm_cachep = kmem_cache_create("mm_struct",
1463                         sizeof(struct mm_struct), ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN,
1464                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1465         vm_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vm_area_struct, SLAB_PANIC);
1466         mmap_init();
1467 }
1468
1469 /*
1470  * Check constraints on flags passed to the unshare system call and
1471  * force unsharing of additional process context as appropriate.
1472  */
1473 static void check_unshare_flags(unsigned long *flags_ptr)
1474 {
1475         /*
1476          * If unsharing a thread from a thread group, must also
1477          * unshare vm.
1478          */
1479         if (*flags_ptr & CLONE_THREAD)
1480                 *flags_ptr |= CLONE_VM;
1481
1482         /*
1483          * If unsharing vm, must also unshare signal handlers.
1484          */
1485         if (*flags_ptr & CLONE_VM)
1486                 *flags_ptr |= CLONE_SIGHAND;
1487
1488         /*
1489          * If unsharing signal handlers and the task was created
1490          * using CLONE_THREAD, then must unshare the thread
1491          */
1492         if ((*flags_ptr & CLONE_SIGHAND) &&
1493             (atomic_read(&current->signal->count) > 1))
1494                 *flags_ptr |= CLONE_THREAD;
1495
1496         /*
1497          * If unsharing namespace, must also unshare filesystem information.
1498          */
1499         if (*flags_ptr & CLONE_NEWNS)
1500                 *flags_ptr |= CLONE_FS;
1501 }
1502
1503 /*
1504  * Unsharing of tasks created with CLONE_THREAD is not supported yet
1505  */
1506 static int unshare_thread(unsigned long unshare_flags)
1507 {
1508         if (unshare_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
1509                 return -EINVAL;
1510
1511         return 0;
1512 }
1513
1514 /*
1515  * Unshare the filesystem structure if it is being shared
1516  */
1517 static int unshare_fs(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct fs_struct **new_fsp)
1518 {
1519         struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
1520
1521         if (!(unshare_flags & CLONE_FS) || !fs)
1522                 return 0;
1523
1524         /* don't need lock here; in the worst case we'll do useless copy */
1525         if (fs->users == 1)
1526                 return 0;
1527
1528         *new_fsp = copy_fs_struct(fs);
1529         if (!*new_fsp)
1530                 return -ENOMEM;
1531
1532         return 0;
1533 }
1534
1535 /*
1536  * Unsharing of sighand is not supported yet
1537  */
1538 static int unshare_sighand(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct sighand_struct **new_sighp)
1539 {
1540         struct sighand_struct *sigh = current->sighand;
1541
1542         if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && atomic_read(&sigh->count) > 1)
1543                 return -EINVAL;
1544         else
1545                 return 0;
1546 }
1547
1548 /*
1549  * Unshare vm if it is being shared
1550  */
1551 static int unshare_vm(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct mm_struct **new_mmp)
1552 {
1553         struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
1554
1555         if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) &&
1556             (mm && atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1)) {
1557                 return -EINVAL;
1558         }
1559
1560         return 0;
1561 }
1562
1563 /*
1564  * Unshare file descriptor table if it is being shared
1565  */
1566 static int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct files_struct **new_fdp)
1567 {
1568         struct files_struct *fd = current->files;
1569         int error = 0;
1570
1571         if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_FILES) &&
1572             (fd && atomic_read(&fd->count) > 1)) {
1573                 *new_fdp = dup_fd(fd, &error);
1574                 if (!*new_fdp)
1575                         return error;
1576         }
1577
1578         return 0;
1579 }
1580
1581 /*
1582  * unshare allows a process to 'unshare' part of the process
1583  * context which was originally shared using clone.  copy_*
1584  * functions used by do_fork() cannot be used here directly
1585  * because they modify an inactive task_struct that is being
1586  * constructed. Here we are modifying the current, active,
1587  * task_struct.
1588  */
1589 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unshare, unsigned long, unshare_flags)
1590 {
1591         int err = 0;
1592         struct fs_struct *fs, *new_fs = NULL;
1593         struct sighand_struct *new_sigh = NULL;
1594         struct mm_struct *mm, *new_mm = NULL, *active_mm = NULL;
1595         struct files_struct *fd, *new_fd = NULL;
1596         struct nsproxy *new_nsproxy = NULL;
1597         int do_sysvsem = 0;
1598
1599         check_unshare_flags(&unshare_flags);
1600
1601         /* Return -EINVAL for all unsupported flags */
1602         err = -EINVAL;
1603         if (unshare_flags & ~(CLONE_THREAD|CLONE_FS|CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_SIGHAND|
1604                                 CLONE_VM|CLONE_FILES|CLONE_SYSVSEM|
1605                                 CLONE_NEWUTS|CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_NEWNET))
1606                 goto bad_unshare_out;
1607
1608         /*
1609          * CLONE_NEWIPC must also detach from the undolist: after switching
1610          * to a new ipc namespace, the semaphore arrays from the old
1611          * namespace are unreachable.
1612          */
1613         if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_SYSVSEM))
1614                 do_sysvsem = 1;
1615         if ((err = unshare_thread(unshare_flags)))
1616                 goto bad_unshare_out;
1617         if ((err = unshare_fs(unshare_flags, &new_fs)))
1618                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_thread;
1619         if ((err = unshare_sighand(unshare_flags, &new_sigh)))
1620                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fs;
1621         if ((err = unshare_vm(unshare_flags, &new_mm)))
1622                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_sigh;
1623         if ((err = unshare_fd(unshare_flags, &new_fd)))
1624                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_vm;
1625         if ((err = unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unshare_flags, &new_nsproxy,
1626                         new_fs)))
1627                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fd;
1628
1629         if (new_fs ||  new_mm || new_fd || do_sysvsem || new_nsproxy) {
1630                 if (do_sysvsem) {
1631                         /*
1632                          * CLONE_SYSVSEM is equivalent to sys_exit().
1633                          */
1634                         exit_sem(current);
1635                 }
1636
1637                 if (new_nsproxy) {
1638                         switch_task_namespaces(current, new_nsproxy);
1639                         new_nsproxy = NULL;
1640                 }
1641
1642                 task_lock(current);
1643
1644                 if (new_fs) {
1645                         fs = current->fs;
1646                         write_lock(&fs->lock);
1647                         current->fs = new_fs;
1648                         if (--fs->users)
1649                                 new_fs = NULL;
1650                         else
1651                                 new_fs = fs;
1652                         write_unlock(&fs->lock);
1653                 }
1654
1655                 if (new_mm) {
1656                         mm = current->mm;
1657                         active_mm = current->active_mm;
1658                         current->mm = new_mm;
1659                         current->active_mm = new_mm;
1660                         activate_mm(active_mm, new_mm);
1661                         new_mm = mm;
1662                 }
1663
1664                 if (new_fd) {
1665                         fd = current->files;
1666                         current->files = new_fd;
1667                         new_fd = fd;
1668                 }
1669
1670                 task_unlock(current);
1671         }
1672
1673         if (new_nsproxy)
1674                 put_nsproxy(new_nsproxy);
1675
1676 bad_unshare_cleanup_fd:
1677         if (new_fd)
1678                 put_files_struct(new_fd);
1679
1680 bad_unshare_cleanup_vm:
1681         if (new_mm)
1682                 mmput(new_mm);
1683
1684 bad_unshare_cleanup_sigh:
1685         if (new_sigh)
1686                 if (atomic_dec_and_test(&new_sigh->count))
1687                         kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, new_sigh);
1688
1689 bad_unshare_cleanup_fs:
1690         if (new_fs)
1691                 free_fs_struct(new_fs);
1692
1693 bad_unshare_cleanup_thread:
1694 bad_unshare_out:
1695         return err;
1696 }
1697
1698 /*
1699  *      Helper to unshare the files of the current task.
1700  *      We don't want to expose copy_files internals to
1701  *      the exec layer of the kernel.
1702  */
1703
1704 int unshare_files(struct files_struct **displaced)
1705 {
1706         struct task_struct *task = current;
1707         struct files_struct *copy = NULL;
1708         int error;
1709
1710         error = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, &copy);
1711         if (error || !copy) {
1712                 *displaced = NULL;
1713                 return error;
1714         }
1715         *displaced = task->files;
1716         task_lock(task);
1717         task->files = copy;
1718         task_unlock(task);
1719         return 0;
1720 }