block: initial patch for on-stack per-task plugging
[linux-2.6.git] / kernel / fork.c
1 /*
2  *  linux/kernel/fork.c
3  *
4  *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
5  */
6
7 /*
8  *  'fork.c' contains the help-routines for the 'fork' system call
9  * (see also entry.S and others).
10  * Fork is rather simple, once you get the hang of it, but the memory
11  * management can be a bitch. See 'mm/memory.c': 'copy_page_range()'
12  */
13
14 #include <linux/slab.h>
15 #include <linux/init.h>
16 #include <linux/unistd.h>
17 #include <linux/module.h>
18 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
19 #include <linux/completion.h>
20 #include <linux/personality.h>
21 #include <linux/mempolicy.h>
22 #include <linux/sem.h>
23 #include <linux/file.h>
24 #include <linux/fdtable.h>
25 #include <linux/iocontext.h>
26 #include <linux/key.h>
27 #include <linux/binfmts.h>
28 #include <linux/mman.h>
29 #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
30 #include <linux/fs.h>
31 #include <linux/nsproxy.h>
32 #include <linux/capability.h>
33 #include <linux/cpu.h>
34 #include <linux/cgroup.h>
35 #include <linux/security.h>
36 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
37 #include <linux/swap.h>
38 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
39 #include <linux/jiffies.h>
40 #include <linux/tracehook.h>
41 #include <linux/futex.h>
42 #include <linux/compat.h>
43 #include <linux/task_io_accounting_ops.h>
44 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
45 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
46 #include <linux/mount.h>
47 #include <linux/audit.h>
48 #include <linux/memcontrol.h>
49 #include <linux/ftrace.h>
50 #include <linux/profile.h>
51 #include <linux/rmap.h>
52 #include <linux/ksm.h>
53 #include <linux/acct.h>
54 #include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
55 #include <linux/cn_proc.h>
56 #include <linux/freezer.h>
57 #include <linux/delayacct.h>
58 #include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
59 #include <linux/random.h>
60 #include <linux/tty.h>
61 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
62 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
63 #include <linux/fs_struct.h>
64 #include <linux/magic.h>
65 #include <linux/perf_event.h>
66 #include <linux/posix-timers.h>
67 #include <linux/user-return-notifier.h>
68 #include <linux/oom.h>
69 #include <linux/khugepaged.h>
70
71 #include <asm/pgtable.h>
72 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
73 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
74 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
75 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
76 #include <asm/tlbflush.h>
77
78 #include <trace/events/sched.h>
79
80 /*
81  * Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock)
82  */
83 unsigned long total_forks;      /* Handle normal Linux uptimes. */
84 int nr_threads;                 /* The idle threads do not count.. */
85
86 int max_threads;                /* tunable limit on nr_threads */
87
88 DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, process_counts) = 0;
89
90 __cacheline_aligned DEFINE_RWLOCK(tasklist_lock);  /* outer */
91
92 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
93 int lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held(void)
94 {
95         return lockdep_is_held(&tasklist_lock);
96 }
97 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_tasklist_lock_is_held);
98 #endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
99
100 int nr_processes(void)
101 {
102         int cpu;
103         int total = 0;
104
105         for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
106                 total += per_cpu(process_counts, cpu);
107
108         return total;
109 }
110
111 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
112 # define alloc_task_struct()    kmem_cache_alloc(task_struct_cachep, GFP_KERNEL)
113 # define free_task_struct(tsk)  kmem_cache_free(task_struct_cachep, (tsk))
114 static struct kmem_cache *task_struct_cachep;
115 #endif
116
117 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_THREAD_INFO_ALLOCATOR
118 static inline struct thread_info *alloc_thread_info(struct task_struct *tsk)
119 {
120 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_STACK_USAGE
121         gfp_t mask = GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO;
122 #else
123         gfp_t mask = GFP_KERNEL;
124 #endif
125         return (struct thread_info *)__get_free_pages(mask, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
126 }
127
128 static inline void free_thread_info(struct thread_info *ti)
129 {
130         free_pages((unsigned long)ti, THREAD_SIZE_ORDER);
131 }
132 #endif
133
134 /* SLAB cache for signal_struct structures (tsk->signal) */
135 static struct kmem_cache *signal_cachep;
136
137 /* SLAB cache for sighand_struct structures (tsk->sighand) */
138 struct kmem_cache *sighand_cachep;
139
140 /* SLAB cache for files_struct structures (tsk->files) */
141 struct kmem_cache *files_cachep;
142
143 /* SLAB cache for fs_struct structures (tsk->fs) */
144 struct kmem_cache *fs_cachep;
145
146 /* SLAB cache for vm_area_struct structures */
147 struct kmem_cache *vm_area_cachep;
148
149 /* SLAB cache for mm_struct structures (tsk->mm) */
150 static struct kmem_cache *mm_cachep;
151
152 static void account_kernel_stack(struct thread_info *ti, int account)
153 {
154         struct zone *zone = page_zone(virt_to_page(ti));
155
156         mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_KERNEL_STACK, account);
157 }
158
159 void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
160 {
161         prop_local_destroy_single(&tsk->dirties);
162         account_kernel_stack(tsk->stack, -1);
163         free_thread_info(tsk->stack);
164         rt_mutex_debug_task_free(tsk);
165         ftrace_graph_exit_task(tsk);
166         free_task_struct(tsk);
167 }
168 EXPORT_SYMBOL(free_task);
169
170 static inline void free_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig)
171 {
172         taskstats_tgid_free(sig);
173         sched_autogroup_exit(sig);
174         kmem_cache_free(signal_cachep, sig);
175 }
176
177 static inline void put_signal_struct(struct signal_struct *sig)
178 {
179         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sig->sigcnt))
180                 free_signal_struct(sig);
181 }
182
183 void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
184 {
185         WARN_ON(!tsk->exit_state);
186         WARN_ON(atomic_read(&tsk->usage));
187         WARN_ON(tsk == current);
188
189         exit_creds(tsk);
190         delayacct_tsk_free(tsk);
191         put_signal_struct(tsk->signal);
192
193         if (!profile_handoff_task(tsk))
194                 free_task(tsk);
195 }
196
197 /*
198  * macro override instead of weak attribute alias, to workaround
199  * gcc 4.1.0 and 4.1.1 bugs with weak attribute and empty functions.
200  */
201 #ifndef arch_task_cache_init
202 #define arch_task_cache_init()
203 #endif
204
205 void __init fork_init(unsigned long mempages)
206 {
207 #ifndef __HAVE_ARCH_TASK_STRUCT_ALLOCATOR
208 #ifndef ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN
209 #define ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN      L1_CACHE_BYTES
210 #endif
211         /* create a slab on which task_structs can be allocated */
212         task_struct_cachep =
213                 kmem_cache_create("task_struct", sizeof(struct task_struct),
214                         ARCH_MIN_TASKALIGN, SLAB_PANIC | SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
215 #endif
216
217         /* do the arch specific task caches init */
218         arch_task_cache_init();
219
220         /*
221          * The default maximum number of threads is set to a safe
222          * value: the thread structures can take up at most half
223          * of memory.
224          */
225         max_threads = mempages / (8 * THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
226
227         /*
228          * we need to allow at least 20 threads to boot a system
229          */
230         if(max_threads < 20)
231                 max_threads = 20;
232
233         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_cur = max_threads/2;
234         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC].rlim_max = max_threads/2;
235         init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_SIGPENDING] =
236                 init_task.signal->rlim[RLIMIT_NPROC];
237 }
238
239 int __attribute__((weak)) arch_dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *dst,
240                                                struct task_struct *src)
241 {
242         *dst = *src;
243         return 0;
244 }
245
246 static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig)
247 {
248         struct task_struct *tsk;
249         struct thread_info *ti;
250         unsigned long *stackend;
251
252         int err;
253
254         prepare_to_copy(orig);
255
256         tsk = alloc_task_struct();
257         if (!tsk)
258                 return NULL;
259
260         ti = alloc_thread_info(tsk);
261         if (!ti) {
262                 free_task_struct(tsk);
263                 return NULL;
264         }
265
266         err = arch_dup_task_struct(tsk, orig);
267         if (err)
268                 goto out;
269
270         tsk->stack = ti;
271
272         err = prop_local_init_single(&tsk->dirties);
273         if (err)
274                 goto out;
275
276         setup_thread_stack(tsk, orig);
277         clear_user_return_notifier(tsk);
278         clear_tsk_need_resched(tsk);
279         stackend = end_of_stack(tsk);
280         *stackend = STACK_END_MAGIC;    /* for overflow detection */
281
282 #ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
283         tsk->stack_canary = get_random_int();
284 #endif
285
286         /* One for us, one for whoever does the "release_task()" (usually parent) */
287         atomic_set(&tsk->usage,2);
288         atomic_set(&tsk->fs_excl, 0);
289 #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE
290         tsk->btrace_seq = 0;
291 #endif
292         tsk->splice_pipe = NULL;
293
294         account_kernel_stack(ti, 1);
295
296         return tsk;
297
298 out:
299         free_thread_info(ti);
300         free_task_struct(tsk);
301         return NULL;
302 }
303
304 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
305 static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm, struct mm_struct *oldmm)
306 {
307         struct vm_area_struct *mpnt, *tmp, *prev, **pprev;
308         struct rb_node **rb_link, *rb_parent;
309         int retval;
310         unsigned long charge;
311         struct mempolicy *pol;
312
313         down_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
314         flush_cache_dup_mm(oldmm);
315         /*
316          * Not linked in yet - no deadlock potential:
317          */
318         down_write_nested(&mm->mmap_sem, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
319
320         mm->locked_vm = 0;
321         mm->mmap = NULL;
322         mm->mmap_cache = NULL;
323         mm->free_area_cache = oldmm->mmap_base;
324         mm->cached_hole_size = ~0UL;
325         mm->map_count = 0;
326         cpumask_clear(mm_cpumask(mm));
327         mm->mm_rb = RB_ROOT;
328         rb_link = &mm->mm_rb.rb_node;
329         rb_parent = NULL;
330         pprev = &mm->mmap;
331         retval = ksm_fork(mm, oldmm);
332         if (retval)
333                 goto out;
334         retval = khugepaged_fork(mm, oldmm);
335         if (retval)
336                 goto out;
337
338         prev = NULL;
339         for (mpnt = oldmm->mmap; mpnt; mpnt = mpnt->vm_next) {
340                 struct file *file;
341
342                 if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_DONTCOPY) {
343                         long pages = vma_pages(mpnt);
344                         mm->total_vm -= pages;
345                         vm_stat_account(mm, mpnt->vm_flags, mpnt->vm_file,
346                                                                 -pages);
347                         continue;
348                 }
349                 charge = 0;
350                 if (mpnt->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT) {
351                         unsigned int len = (mpnt->vm_end - mpnt->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
352                         if (security_vm_enough_memory(len))
353                                 goto fail_nomem;
354                         charge = len;
355                 }
356                 tmp = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
357                 if (!tmp)
358                         goto fail_nomem;
359                 *tmp = *mpnt;
360                 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp->anon_vma_chain);
361                 pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(mpnt));
362                 retval = PTR_ERR(pol);
363                 if (IS_ERR(pol))
364                         goto fail_nomem_policy;
365                 vma_set_policy(tmp, pol);
366                 tmp->vm_mm = mm;
367                 if (anon_vma_fork(tmp, mpnt))
368                         goto fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork;
369                 tmp->vm_flags &= ~VM_LOCKED;
370                 tmp->vm_next = tmp->vm_prev = NULL;
371                 file = tmp->vm_file;
372                 if (file) {
373                         struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
374                         struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
375
376                         get_file(file);
377                         if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
378                                 atomic_dec(&inode->i_writecount);
379                         spin_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
380                         if (tmp->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
381                                 mapping->i_mmap_writable++;
382                         tmp->vm_truncate_count = mpnt->vm_truncate_count;
383                         flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
384                         /* insert tmp into the share list, just after mpnt */
385                         vma_prio_tree_add(tmp, mpnt);
386                         flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
387                         spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
388                 }
389
390                 /*
391                  * Clear hugetlb-related page reserves for children. This only
392                  * affects MAP_PRIVATE mappings. Faults generated by the child
393                  * are not guaranteed to succeed, even if read-only
394                  */
395                 if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(tmp))
396                         reset_vma_resv_huge_pages(tmp);
397
398                 /*
399                  * Link in the new vma and copy the page table entries.
400                  */
401                 *pprev = tmp;
402                 pprev = &tmp->vm_next;
403                 tmp->vm_prev = prev;
404                 prev = tmp;
405
406                 __vma_link_rb(mm, tmp, rb_link, rb_parent);
407                 rb_link = &tmp->vm_rb.rb_right;
408                 rb_parent = &tmp->vm_rb;
409
410                 mm->map_count++;
411                 retval = copy_page_range(mm, oldmm, mpnt);
412
413                 if (tmp->vm_ops && tmp->vm_ops->open)
414                         tmp->vm_ops->open(tmp);
415
416                 if (retval)
417                         goto out;
418         }
419         /* a new mm has just been created */
420         arch_dup_mmap(oldmm, mm);
421         retval = 0;
422 out:
423         up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
424         flush_tlb_mm(oldmm);
425         up_write(&oldmm->mmap_sem);
426         return retval;
427 fail_nomem_anon_vma_fork:
428         mpol_put(pol);
429 fail_nomem_policy:
430         kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, tmp);
431 fail_nomem:
432         retval = -ENOMEM;
433         vm_unacct_memory(charge);
434         goto out;
435 }
436
437 static inline int mm_alloc_pgd(struct mm_struct * mm)
438 {
439         mm->pgd = pgd_alloc(mm);
440         if (unlikely(!mm->pgd))
441                 return -ENOMEM;
442         return 0;
443 }
444
445 static inline void mm_free_pgd(struct mm_struct * mm)
446 {
447         pgd_free(mm, mm->pgd);
448 }
449 #else
450 #define dup_mmap(mm, oldmm)     (0)
451 #define mm_alloc_pgd(mm)        (0)
452 #define mm_free_pgd(mm)
453 #endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
454
455 __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mmlist_lock);
456
457 #define allocate_mm()   (kmem_cache_alloc(mm_cachep, GFP_KERNEL))
458 #define free_mm(mm)     (kmem_cache_free(mm_cachep, (mm)))
459
460 static unsigned long default_dump_filter = MMF_DUMP_FILTER_DEFAULT;
461
462 static int __init coredump_filter_setup(char *s)
463 {
464         default_dump_filter =
465                 (simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 0) << MMF_DUMP_FILTER_SHIFT) &
466                 MMF_DUMP_FILTER_MASK;
467         return 1;
468 }
469
470 __setup("coredump_filter=", coredump_filter_setup);
471
472 #include <linux/init_task.h>
473
474 static void mm_init_aio(struct mm_struct *mm)
475 {
476 #ifdef CONFIG_AIO
477         spin_lock_init(&mm->ioctx_lock);
478         INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mm->ioctx_list);
479 #endif
480 }
481
482 static struct mm_struct * mm_init(struct mm_struct * mm, struct task_struct *p)
483 {
484         atomic_set(&mm->mm_users, 1);
485         atomic_set(&mm->mm_count, 1);
486         init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_sem);
487         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mm->mmlist);
488         mm->flags = (current->mm) ?
489                 (current->mm->flags & MMF_INIT_MASK) : default_dump_filter;
490         mm->core_state = NULL;
491         mm->nr_ptes = 0;
492         memset(&mm->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(mm->rss_stat));
493         spin_lock_init(&mm->page_table_lock);
494         mm->free_area_cache = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
495         mm->cached_hole_size = ~0UL;
496         mm_init_aio(mm);
497         mm_init_owner(mm, p);
498         atomic_set(&mm->oom_disable_count, 0);
499
500         if (likely(!mm_alloc_pgd(mm))) {
501                 mm->def_flags = 0;
502                 mmu_notifier_mm_init(mm);
503                 return mm;
504         }
505
506         free_mm(mm);
507         return NULL;
508 }
509
510 /*
511  * Allocate and initialize an mm_struct.
512  */
513 struct mm_struct * mm_alloc(void)
514 {
515         struct mm_struct * mm;
516
517         mm = allocate_mm();
518         if (mm) {
519                 memset(mm, 0, sizeof(*mm));
520                 mm = mm_init(mm, current);
521         }
522         return mm;
523 }
524
525 /*
526  * Called when the last reference to the mm
527  * is dropped: either by a lazy thread or by
528  * mmput. Free the page directory and the mm.
529  */
530 void __mmdrop(struct mm_struct *mm)
531 {
532         BUG_ON(mm == &init_mm);
533         mm_free_pgd(mm);
534         destroy_context(mm);
535         mmu_notifier_mm_destroy(mm);
536 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
537         VM_BUG_ON(mm->pmd_huge_pte);
538 #endif
539         free_mm(mm);
540 }
541 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mmdrop);
542
543 /*
544  * Decrement the use count and release all resources for an mm.
545  */
546 void mmput(struct mm_struct *mm)
547 {
548         might_sleep();
549
550         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mm->mm_users)) {
551                 exit_aio(mm);
552                 ksm_exit(mm);
553                 khugepaged_exit(mm); /* must run before exit_mmap */
554                 exit_mmap(mm);
555                 set_mm_exe_file(mm, NULL);
556                 if (!list_empty(&mm->mmlist)) {
557                         spin_lock(&mmlist_lock);
558                         list_del(&mm->mmlist);
559                         spin_unlock(&mmlist_lock);
560                 }
561                 put_swap_token(mm);
562                 if (mm->binfmt)
563                         module_put(mm->binfmt->module);
564                 mmdrop(mm);
565         }
566 }
567 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mmput);
568
569 /**
570  * get_task_mm - acquire a reference to the task's mm
571  *
572  * Returns %NULL if the task has no mm.  Checks PF_KTHREAD (meaning
573  * this kernel workthread has transiently adopted a user mm with use_mm,
574  * to do its AIO) is not set and if so returns a reference to it, after
575  * bumping up the use count.  User must release the mm via mmput()
576  * after use.  Typically used by /proc and ptrace.
577  */
578 struct mm_struct *get_task_mm(struct task_struct *task)
579 {
580         struct mm_struct *mm;
581
582         task_lock(task);
583         mm = task->mm;
584         if (mm) {
585                 if (task->flags & PF_KTHREAD)
586                         mm = NULL;
587                 else
588                         atomic_inc(&mm->mm_users);
589         }
590         task_unlock(task);
591         return mm;
592 }
593 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_task_mm);
594
595 /* Please note the differences between mmput and mm_release.
596  * mmput is called whenever we stop holding onto a mm_struct,
597  * error success whatever.
598  *
599  * mm_release is called after a mm_struct has been removed
600  * from the current process.
601  *
602  * This difference is important for error handling, when we
603  * only half set up a mm_struct for a new process and need to restore
604  * the old one.  Because we mmput the new mm_struct before
605  * restoring the old one. . .
606  * Eric Biederman 10 January 1998
607  */
608 void mm_release(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
609 {
610         struct completion *vfork_done = tsk->vfork_done;
611
612         /* Get rid of any futexes when releasing the mm */
613 #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
614         if (unlikely(tsk->robust_list)) {
615                 exit_robust_list(tsk);
616                 tsk->robust_list = NULL;
617         }
618 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
619         if (unlikely(tsk->compat_robust_list)) {
620                 compat_exit_robust_list(tsk);
621                 tsk->compat_robust_list = NULL;
622         }
623 #endif
624         if (unlikely(!list_empty(&tsk->pi_state_list)))
625                 exit_pi_state_list(tsk);
626 #endif
627
628         /* Get rid of any cached register state */
629         deactivate_mm(tsk, mm);
630
631         /* notify parent sleeping on vfork() */
632         if (vfork_done) {
633                 tsk->vfork_done = NULL;
634                 complete(vfork_done);
635         }
636
637         /*
638          * If we're exiting normally, clear a user-space tid field if
639          * requested.  We leave this alone when dying by signal, to leave
640          * the value intact in a core dump, and to save the unnecessary
641          * trouble otherwise.  Userland only wants this done for a sys_exit.
642          */
643         if (tsk->clear_child_tid) {
644                 if (!(tsk->flags & PF_SIGNALED) &&
645                     atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1) {
646                         /*
647                          * We don't check the error code - if userspace has
648                          * not set up a proper pointer then tough luck.
649                          */
650                         put_user(0, tsk->clear_child_tid);
651                         sys_futex(tsk->clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE,
652                                         1, NULL, NULL, 0);
653                 }
654                 tsk->clear_child_tid = NULL;
655         }
656 }
657
658 /*
659  * Allocate a new mm structure and copy contents from the
660  * mm structure of the passed in task structure.
661  */
662 struct mm_struct *dup_mm(struct task_struct *tsk)
663 {
664         struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm = current->mm;
665         int err;
666
667         if (!oldmm)
668                 return NULL;
669
670         mm = allocate_mm();
671         if (!mm)
672                 goto fail_nomem;
673
674         memcpy(mm, oldmm, sizeof(*mm));
675
676         /* Initializing for Swap token stuff */
677         mm->token_priority = 0;
678         mm->last_interval = 0;
679
680 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
681         mm->pmd_huge_pte = NULL;
682 #endif
683
684         if (!mm_init(mm, tsk))
685                 goto fail_nomem;
686
687         if (init_new_context(tsk, mm))
688                 goto fail_nocontext;
689
690         dup_mm_exe_file(oldmm, mm);
691
692         err = dup_mmap(mm, oldmm);
693         if (err)
694                 goto free_pt;
695
696         mm->hiwater_rss = get_mm_rss(mm);
697         mm->hiwater_vm = mm->total_vm;
698
699         if (mm->binfmt && !try_module_get(mm->binfmt->module))
700                 goto free_pt;
701
702         return mm;
703
704 free_pt:
705         /* don't put binfmt in mmput, we haven't got module yet */
706         mm->binfmt = NULL;
707         mmput(mm);
708
709 fail_nomem:
710         return NULL;
711
712 fail_nocontext:
713         /*
714          * If init_new_context() failed, we cannot use mmput() to free the mm
715          * because it calls destroy_context()
716          */
717         mm_free_pgd(mm);
718         free_mm(mm);
719         return NULL;
720 }
721
722 static int copy_mm(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
723 {
724         struct mm_struct * mm, *oldmm;
725         int retval;
726
727         tsk->min_flt = tsk->maj_flt = 0;
728         tsk->nvcsw = tsk->nivcsw = 0;
729 #ifdef CONFIG_DETECT_HUNG_TASK
730         tsk->last_switch_count = tsk->nvcsw + tsk->nivcsw;
731 #endif
732
733         tsk->mm = NULL;
734         tsk->active_mm = NULL;
735
736         /*
737          * Are we cloning a kernel thread?
738          *
739          * We need to steal a active VM for that..
740          */
741         oldmm = current->mm;
742         if (!oldmm)
743                 return 0;
744
745         if (clone_flags & CLONE_VM) {
746                 atomic_inc(&oldmm->mm_users);
747                 mm = oldmm;
748                 goto good_mm;
749         }
750
751         retval = -ENOMEM;
752         mm = dup_mm(tsk);
753         if (!mm)
754                 goto fail_nomem;
755
756 good_mm:
757         /* Initializing for Swap token stuff */
758         mm->token_priority = 0;
759         mm->last_interval = 0;
760         if (tsk->signal->oom_score_adj == OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN)
761                 atomic_inc(&mm->oom_disable_count);
762
763         tsk->mm = mm;
764         tsk->active_mm = mm;
765         return 0;
766
767 fail_nomem:
768         return retval;
769 }
770
771 static int copy_fs(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
772 {
773         struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
774         if (clone_flags & CLONE_FS) {
775                 /* tsk->fs is already what we want */
776                 spin_lock(&fs->lock);
777                 if (fs->in_exec) {
778                         spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
779                         return -EAGAIN;
780                 }
781                 fs->users++;
782                 spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
783                 return 0;
784         }
785         tsk->fs = copy_fs_struct(fs);
786         if (!tsk->fs)
787                 return -ENOMEM;
788         return 0;
789 }
790
791 static int copy_files(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * tsk)
792 {
793         struct files_struct *oldf, *newf;
794         int error = 0;
795
796         /*
797          * A background process may not have any files ...
798          */
799         oldf = current->files;
800         if (!oldf)
801                 goto out;
802
803         if (clone_flags & CLONE_FILES) {
804                 atomic_inc(&oldf->count);
805                 goto out;
806         }
807
808         newf = dup_fd(oldf, &error);
809         if (!newf)
810                 goto out;
811
812         tsk->files = newf;
813         error = 0;
814 out:
815         return error;
816 }
817
818 static int copy_io(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
819 {
820 #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
821         struct io_context *ioc = current->io_context;
822
823         if (!ioc)
824                 return 0;
825         /*
826          * Share io context with parent, if CLONE_IO is set
827          */
828         if (clone_flags & CLONE_IO) {
829                 tsk->io_context = ioc_task_link(ioc);
830                 if (unlikely(!tsk->io_context))
831                         return -ENOMEM;
832         } else if (ioprio_valid(ioc->ioprio)) {
833                 tsk->io_context = alloc_io_context(GFP_KERNEL, -1);
834                 if (unlikely(!tsk->io_context))
835                         return -ENOMEM;
836
837                 tsk->io_context->ioprio = ioc->ioprio;
838         }
839 #endif
840         return 0;
841 }
842
843 static int copy_sighand(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
844 {
845         struct sighand_struct *sig;
846
847         if (clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) {
848                 atomic_inc(&current->sighand->count);
849                 return 0;
850         }
851         sig = kmem_cache_alloc(sighand_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
852         rcu_assign_pointer(tsk->sighand, sig);
853         if (!sig)
854                 return -ENOMEM;
855         atomic_set(&sig->count, 1);
856         memcpy(sig->action, current->sighand->action, sizeof(sig->action));
857         return 0;
858 }
859
860 void __cleanup_sighand(struct sighand_struct *sighand)
861 {
862         if (atomic_dec_and_test(&sighand->count))
863                 kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, sighand);
864 }
865
866
867 /*
868  * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a thread group.
869  */
870 static void posix_cpu_timers_init_group(struct signal_struct *sig)
871 {
872         unsigned long cpu_limit;
873
874         /* Thread group counters. */
875         thread_group_cputime_init(sig);
876
877         cpu_limit = ACCESS_ONCE(sig->rlim[RLIMIT_CPU].rlim_cur);
878         if (cpu_limit != RLIM_INFINITY) {
879                 sig->cputime_expires.prof_exp = secs_to_cputime(cpu_limit);
880                 sig->cputimer.running = 1;
881         }
882
883         /* The timer lists. */
884         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[0]);
885         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[1]);
886         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[2]);
887 }
888
889 static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
890 {
891         struct signal_struct *sig;
892
893         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
894                 return 0;
895
896         sig = kmem_cache_zalloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
897         tsk->signal = sig;
898         if (!sig)
899                 return -ENOMEM;
900
901         sig->nr_threads = 1;
902         atomic_set(&sig->live, 1);
903         atomic_set(&sig->sigcnt, 1);
904         init_waitqueue_head(&sig->wait_chldexit);
905         if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWPID)
906                 sig->flags |= SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE;
907         sig->curr_target = tsk;
908         init_sigpending(&sig->shared_pending);
909         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->posix_timers);
910
911         hrtimer_init(&sig->real_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
912         sig->real_timer.function = it_real_fn;
913
914         task_lock(current->group_leader);
915         memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim);
916         task_unlock(current->group_leader);
917
918         posix_cpu_timers_init_group(sig);
919
920         tty_audit_fork(sig);
921         sched_autogroup_fork(sig);
922
923         sig->oom_adj = current->signal->oom_adj;
924         sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj;
925         sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min;
926
927         mutex_init(&sig->cred_guard_mutex);
928
929         return 0;
930 }
931
932 static void copy_flags(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
933 {
934         unsigned long new_flags = p->flags;
935
936         new_flags &= ~(PF_SUPERPRIV | PF_WQ_WORKER);
937         new_flags |= PF_FORKNOEXEC;
938         new_flags |= PF_STARTING;
939         p->flags = new_flags;
940         clear_freeze_flag(p);
941 }
942
943 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(set_tid_address, int __user *, tidptr)
944 {
945         current->clear_child_tid = tidptr;
946
947         return task_pid_vnr(current);
948 }
949
950 static void rt_mutex_init_task(struct task_struct *p)
951 {
952         raw_spin_lock_init(&p->pi_lock);
953 #ifdef CONFIG_RT_MUTEXES
954         plist_head_init_raw(&p->pi_waiters, &p->pi_lock);
955         p->pi_blocked_on = NULL;
956 #endif
957 }
958
959 #ifdef CONFIG_MM_OWNER
960 void mm_init_owner(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *p)
961 {
962         mm->owner = p;
963 }
964 #endif /* CONFIG_MM_OWNER */
965
966 /*
967  * Initialize POSIX timer handling for a single task.
968  */
969 static void posix_cpu_timers_init(struct task_struct *tsk)
970 {
971         tsk->cputime_expires.prof_exp = cputime_zero;
972         tsk->cputime_expires.virt_exp = cputime_zero;
973         tsk->cputime_expires.sched_exp = 0;
974         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[0]);
975         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[1]);
976         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tsk->cpu_timers[2]);
977 }
978
979 /*
980  * This creates a new process as a copy of the old one,
981  * but does not actually start it yet.
982  *
983  * It copies the registers, and all the appropriate
984  * parts of the process environment (as per the clone
985  * flags). The actual kick-off is left to the caller.
986  */
987 static struct task_struct *copy_process(unsigned long clone_flags,
988                                         unsigned long stack_start,
989                                         struct pt_regs *regs,
990                                         unsigned long stack_size,
991                                         int __user *child_tidptr,
992                                         struct pid *pid,
993                                         int trace)
994 {
995         int retval;
996         struct task_struct *p;
997         int cgroup_callbacks_done = 0;
998
999         if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS)) == (CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_FS))
1000                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1001
1002         /*
1003          * Thread groups must share signals as well, and detached threads
1004          * can only be started up within the thread group.
1005          */
1006         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND))
1007                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1008
1009         /*
1010          * Shared signal handlers imply shared VM. By way of the above,
1011          * thread groups also imply shared VM. Blocking this case allows
1012          * for various simplifications in other code.
1013          */
1014         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && !(clone_flags & CLONE_VM))
1015                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1016
1017         /*
1018          * Siblings of global init remain as zombies on exit since they are
1019          * not reaped by their parent (swapper). To solve this and to avoid
1020          * multi-rooted process trees, prevent global and container-inits
1021          * from creating siblings.
1022          */
1023         if ((clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT) &&
1024                                 current->signal->flags & SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE)
1025                 return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
1026
1027         retval = security_task_create(clone_flags);
1028         if (retval)
1029                 goto fork_out;
1030
1031         retval = -ENOMEM;
1032         p = dup_task_struct(current);
1033         if (!p)
1034                 goto fork_out;
1035
1036         ftrace_graph_init_task(p);
1037
1038         rt_mutex_init_task(p);
1039
1040 #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
1041         DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->hardirqs_enabled);
1042         DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!p->softirqs_enabled);
1043 #endif
1044         retval = -EAGAIN;
1045         if (atomic_read(&p->real_cred->user->processes) >=
1046                         task_rlimit(p, RLIMIT_NPROC)) {
1047                 if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE) &&
1048                     p->real_cred->user != INIT_USER)
1049                         goto bad_fork_free;
1050         }
1051
1052         retval = copy_creds(p, clone_flags);
1053         if (retval < 0)
1054                 goto bad_fork_free;
1055
1056         /*
1057          * If multiple threads are within copy_process(), then this check
1058          * triggers too late. This doesn't hurt, the check is only there
1059          * to stop root fork bombs.
1060          */
1061         retval = -EAGAIN;
1062         if (nr_threads >= max_threads)
1063                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
1064
1065         if (!try_module_get(task_thread_info(p)->exec_domain->module))
1066                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_count;
1067
1068         p->did_exec = 0;
1069         delayacct_tsk_init(p);  /* Must remain after dup_task_struct() */
1070         copy_flags(clone_flags, p);
1071         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->children);
1072         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->sibling);
1073         rcu_copy_process(p);
1074         p->vfork_done = NULL;
1075         spin_lock_init(&p->alloc_lock);
1076
1077         init_sigpending(&p->pending);
1078
1079         p->utime = cputime_zero;
1080         p->stime = cputime_zero;
1081         p->gtime = cputime_zero;
1082         p->utimescaled = cputime_zero;
1083         p->stimescaled = cputime_zero;
1084 #ifndef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING
1085         p->prev_utime = cputime_zero;
1086         p->prev_stime = cputime_zero;
1087 #endif
1088 #if defined(SPLIT_RSS_COUNTING)
1089         memset(&p->rss_stat, 0, sizeof(p->rss_stat));
1090 #endif
1091
1092         p->default_timer_slack_ns = current->timer_slack_ns;
1093
1094         task_io_accounting_init(&p->ioac);
1095         acct_clear_integrals(p);
1096
1097         posix_cpu_timers_init(p);
1098
1099         p->lock_depth = -1;             /* -1 = no lock */
1100         do_posix_clock_monotonic_gettime(&p->start_time);
1101         p->real_start_time = p->start_time;
1102         monotonic_to_bootbased(&p->real_start_time);
1103         p->io_context = NULL;
1104         p->audit_context = NULL;
1105         cgroup_fork(p);
1106 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
1107         p->mempolicy = mpol_dup(p->mempolicy);
1108         if (IS_ERR(p->mempolicy)) {
1109                 retval = PTR_ERR(p->mempolicy);
1110                 p->mempolicy = NULL;
1111                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_cgroup;
1112         }
1113         mpol_fix_fork_child_flag(p);
1114 #endif
1115 #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
1116         p->irq_events = 0;
1117 #ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
1118         p->hardirqs_enabled = 1;
1119 #else
1120         p->hardirqs_enabled = 0;
1121 #endif
1122         p->hardirq_enable_ip = 0;
1123         p->hardirq_enable_event = 0;
1124         p->hardirq_disable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
1125         p->hardirq_disable_event = 0;
1126         p->softirqs_enabled = 1;
1127         p->softirq_enable_ip = _THIS_IP_;
1128         p->softirq_enable_event = 0;
1129         p->softirq_disable_ip = 0;
1130         p->softirq_disable_event = 0;
1131         p->hardirq_context = 0;
1132         p->softirq_context = 0;
1133 #endif
1134 #ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
1135         p->lockdep_depth = 0; /* no locks held yet */
1136         p->curr_chain_key = 0;
1137         p->lockdep_recursion = 0;
1138 #endif
1139
1140 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
1141         p->blocked_on = NULL; /* not blocked yet */
1142 #endif
1143 #ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_MEM_RES_CTLR
1144         p->memcg_batch.do_batch = 0;
1145         p->memcg_batch.memcg = NULL;
1146 #endif
1147
1148         /* Perform scheduler related setup. Assign this task to a CPU. */
1149         sched_fork(p, clone_flags);
1150
1151         retval = perf_event_init_task(p);
1152         if (retval)
1153                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
1154
1155         if ((retval = audit_alloc(p)))
1156                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
1157         /* copy all the process information */
1158         if ((retval = copy_semundo(clone_flags, p)))
1159                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_audit;
1160         if ((retval = copy_files(clone_flags, p)))
1161                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_semundo;
1162         if ((retval = copy_fs(clone_flags, p)))
1163                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_files;
1164         if ((retval = copy_sighand(clone_flags, p)))
1165                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_fs;
1166         if ((retval = copy_signal(clone_flags, p)))
1167                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_sighand;
1168         if ((retval = copy_mm(clone_flags, p)))
1169                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_signal;
1170         if ((retval = copy_namespaces(clone_flags, p)))
1171                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_mm;
1172         if ((retval = copy_io(clone_flags, p)))
1173                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces;
1174         retval = copy_thread(clone_flags, stack_start, stack_size, p, regs);
1175         if (retval)
1176                 goto bad_fork_cleanup_io;
1177
1178         if (pid != &init_struct_pid) {
1179                 retval = -ENOMEM;
1180                 pid = alloc_pid(p->nsproxy->pid_ns);
1181                 if (!pid)
1182                         goto bad_fork_cleanup_io;
1183
1184                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWPID) {
1185                         retval = pid_ns_prepare_proc(p->nsproxy->pid_ns);
1186                         if (retval < 0)
1187                                 goto bad_fork_free_pid;
1188                 }
1189         }
1190
1191         p->pid = pid_nr(pid);
1192         p->tgid = p->pid;
1193         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
1194                 p->tgid = current->tgid;
1195
1196         if (current->nsproxy != p->nsproxy) {
1197                 retval = ns_cgroup_clone(p, pid);
1198                 if (retval)
1199                         goto bad_fork_free_pid;
1200         }
1201
1202         p->set_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_SETTID) ? child_tidptr : NULL;
1203         /*
1204          * Clear TID on mm_release()?
1205          */
1206         p->clear_child_tid = (clone_flags & CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID) ? child_tidptr: NULL;
1207 #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
1208         p->plug = NULL;
1209 #endif
1210 #ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX
1211         p->robust_list = NULL;
1212 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
1213         p->compat_robust_list = NULL;
1214 #endif
1215         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->pi_state_list);
1216         p->pi_state_cache = NULL;
1217 #endif
1218         /*
1219          * sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM
1220          */
1221         if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM|CLONE_VFORK)) == CLONE_VM)
1222                 p->sas_ss_sp = p->sas_ss_size = 0;
1223
1224         /*
1225          * Syscall tracing and stepping should be turned off in the
1226          * child regardless of CLONE_PTRACE.
1227          */
1228         user_disable_single_step(p);
1229         clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
1230 #ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU
1231         clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
1232 #endif
1233         clear_all_latency_tracing(p);
1234
1235         /* ok, now we should be set up.. */
1236         p->exit_signal = (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) ? -1 : (clone_flags & CSIGNAL);
1237         p->pdeath_signal = 0;
1238         p->exit_state = 0;
1239
1240         /*
1241          * Ok, make it visible to the rest of the system.
1242          * We dont wake it up yet.
1243          */
1244         p->group_leader = p;
1245         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->thread_group);
1246
1247         /* Now that the task is set up, run cgroup callbacks if
1248          * necessary. We need to run them before the task is visible
1249          * on the tasklist. */
1250         cgroup_fork_callbacks(p);
1251         cgroup_callbacks_done = 1;
1252
1253         /* Need tasklist lock for parent etc handling! */
1254         write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
1255
1256         /* CLONE_PARENT re-uses the old parent */
1257         if (clone_flags & (CLONE_PARENT|CLONE_THREAD)) {
1258                 p->real_parent = current->real_parent;
1259                 p->parent_exec_id = current->parent_exec_id;
1260         } else {
1261                 p->real_parent = current;
1262                 p->parent_exec_id = current->self_exec_id;
1263         }
1264
1265         spin_lock(&current->sighand->siglock);
1266
1267         /*
1268          * Process group and session signals need to be delivered to just the
1269          * parent before the fork or both the parent and the child after the
1270          * fork. Restart if a signal comes in before we add the new process to
1271          * it's process group.
1272          * A fatal signal pending means that current will exit, so the new
1273          * thread can't slip out of an OOM kill (or normal SIGKILL).
1274          */
1275         recalc_sigpending();
1276         if (signal_pending(current)) {
1277                 spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
1278                 write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
1279                 retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
1280                 goto bad_fork_free_pid;
1281         }
1282
1283         if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
1284                 current->signal->nr_threads++;
1285                 atomic_inc(&current->signal->live);
1286                 atomic_inc(&current->signal->sigcnt);
1287                 p->group_leader = current->group_leader;
1288                 list_add_tail_rcu(&p->thread_group, &p->group_leader->thread_group);
1289         }
1290
1291         if (likely(p->pid)) {
1292                 tracehook_finish_clone(p, clone_flags, trace);
1293
1294                 if (thread_group_leader(p)) {
1295                         if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWPID)
1296                                 p->nsproxy->pid_ns->child_reaper = p;
1297
1298                         p->signal->leader_pid = pid;
1299                         p->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty);
1300                         attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID, task_pgrp(current));
1301                         attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_SID, task_session(current));
1302                         list_add_tail(&p->sibling, &p->real_parent->children);
1303                         list_add_tail_rcu(&p->tasks, &init_task.tasks);
1304                         __this_cpu_inc(process_counts);
1305                 }
1306                 attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PID, pid);
1307                 nr_threads++;
1308         }
1309
1310         total_forks++;
1311         spin_unlock(&current->sighand->siglock);
1312         write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
1313         proc_fork_connector(p);
1314         cgroup_post_fork(p);
1315         perf_event_fork(p);
1316         return p;
1317
1318 bad_fork_free_pid:
1319         if (pid != &init_struct_pid)
1320                 free_pid(pid);
1321 bad_fork_cleanup_io:
1322         if (p->io_context)
1323                 exit_io_context(p);
1324 bad_fork_cleanup_namespaces:
1325         exit_task_namespaces(p);
1326 bad_fork_cleanup_mm:
1327         if (p->mm) {
1328                 task_lock(p);
1329                 if (p->signal->oom_score_adj == OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN)
1330                         atomic_dec(&p->mm->oom_disable_count);
1331                 task_unlock(p);
1332                 mmput(p->mm);
1333         }
1334 bad_fork_cleanup_signal:
1335         if (!(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD))
1336                 free_signal_struct(p->signal);
1337 bad_fork_cleanup_sighand:
1338         __cleanup_sighand(p->sighand);
1339 bad_fork_cleanup_fs:
1340         exit_fs(p); /* blocking */
1341 bad_fork_cleanup_files:
1342         exit_files(p); /* blocking */
1343 bad_fork_cleanup_semundo:
1344         exit_sem(p);
1345 bad_fork_cleanup_audit:
1346         audit_free(p);
1347 bad_fork_cleanup_policy:
1348         perf_event_free_task(p);
1349 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
1350         mpol_put(p->mempolicy);
1351 bad_fork_cleanup_cgroup:
1352 #endif
1353         cgroup_exit(p, cgroup_callbacks_done);
1354         delayacct_tsk_free(p);
1355         module_put(task_thread_info(p)->exec_domain->module);
1356 bad_fork_cleanup_count:
1357         atomic_dec(&p->cred->user->processes);
1358         exit_creds(p);
1359 bad_fork_free:
1360         free_task(p);
1361 fork_out:
1362         return ERR_PTR(retval);
1363 }
1364
1365 noinline struct pt_regs * __cpuinit __attribute__((weak)) idle_regs(struct pt_regs *regs)
1366 {
1367         memset(regs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
1368         return regs;
1369 }
1370
1371 static inline void init_idle_pids(struct pid_link *links)
1372 {
1373         enum pid_type type;
1374
1375         for (type = PIDTYPE_PID; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type) {
1376                 INIT_HLIST_NODE(&links[type].node); /* not really needed */
1377                 links[type].pid = &init_struct_pid;
1378         }
1379 }
1380
1381 struct task_struct * __cpuinit fork_idle(int cpu)
1382 {
1383         struct task_struct *task;
1384         struct pt_regs regs;
1385
1386         task = copy_process(CLONE_VM, 0, idle_regs(&regs), 0, NULL,
1387                             &init_struct_pid, 0);
1388         if (!IS_ERR(task)) {
1389                 init_idle_pids(task->pids);
1390                 init_idle(task, cpu);
1391         }
1392
1393         return task;
1394 }
1395
1396 /*
1397  *  Ok, this is the main fork-routine.
1398  *
1399  * It copies the process, and if successful kick-starts
1400  * it and waits for it to finish using the VM if required.
1401  */
1402 long do_fork(unsigned long clone_flags,
1403               unsigned long stack_start,
1404               struct pt_regs *regs,
1405               unsigned long stack_size,
1406               int __user *parent_tidptr,
1407               int __user *child_tidptr)
1408 {
1409         struct task_struct *p;
1410         int trace = 0;
1411         long nr;
1412
1413         /*
1414          * Do some preliminary argument and permissions checking before we
1415          * actually start allocating stuff
1416          */
1417         if (clone_flags & CLONE_NEWUSER) {
1418                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
1419                         return -EINVAL;
1420                 /* hopefully this check will go away when userns support is
1421                  * complete
1422                  */
1423                 if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) || !capable(CAP_SETUID) ||
1424                                 !capable(CAP_SETGID))
1425                         return -EPERM;
1426         }
1427
1428         /*
1429          * When called from kernel_thread, don't do user tracing stuff.
1430          */
1431         if (likely(user_mode(regs)))
1432                 trace = tracehook_prepare_clone(clone_flags);
1433
1434         p = copy_process(clone_flags, stack_start, regs, stack_size,
1435                          child_tidptr, NULL, trace);
1436         /*
1437          * Do this prior waking up the new thread - the thread pointer
1438          * might get invalid after that point, if the thread exits quickly.
1439          */
1440         if (!IS_ERR(p)) {
1441                 struct completion vfork;
1442
1443                 trace_sched_process_fork(current, p);
1444
1445                 nr = task_pid_vnr(p);
1446
1447                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_PARENT_SETTID)
1448                         put_user(nr, parent_tidptr);
1449
1450                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
1451                         p->vfork_done = &vfork;
1452                         init_completion(&vfork);
1453                 }
1454
1455                 audit_finish_fork(p);
1456                 tracehook_report_clone(regs, clone_flags, nr, p);
1457
1458                 /*
1459                  * We set PF_STARTING at creation in case tracing wants to
1460                  * use this to distinguish a fully live task from one that
1461                  * hasn't gotten to tracehook_report_clone() yet.  Now we
1462                  * clear it and set the child going.
1463                  */
1464                 p->flags &= ~PF_STARTING;
1465
1466                 wake_up_new_task(p, clone_flags);
1467
1468                 tracehook_report_clone_complete(trace, regs,
1469                                                 clone_flags, nr, p);
1470
1471                 if (clone_flags & CLONE_VFORK) {
1472                         freezer_do_not_count();
1473                         wait_for_completion(&vfork);
1474                         freezer_count();
1475                         tracehook_report_vfork_done(p, nr);
1476                 }
1477         } else {
1478                 nr = PTR_ERR(p);
1479         }
1480         return nr;
1481 }
1482
1483 #ifndef ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN
1484 #define ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN 0
1485 #endif
1486
1487 static void sighand_ctor(void *data)
1488 {
1489         struct sighand_struct *sighand = data;
1490
1491         spin_lock_init(&sighand->siglock);
1492         init_waitqueue_head(&sighand->signalfd_wqh);
1493 }
1494
1495 void __init proc_caches_init(void)
1496 {
1497         sighand_cachep = kmem_cache_create("sighand_cache",
1498                         sizeof(struct sighand_struct), 0,
1499                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU|
1500                         SLAB_NOTRACK, sighand_ctor);
1501         signal_cachep = kmem_cache_create("signal_cache",
1502                         sizeof(struct signal_struct), 0,
1503                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1504         files_cachep = kmem_cache_create("files_cache",
1505                         sizeof(struct files_struct), 0,
1506                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1507         fs_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fs_cache",
1508                         sizeof(struct fs_struct), 0,
1509                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1510         mm_cachep = kmem_cache_create("mm_struct",
1511                         sizeof(struct mm_struct), ARCH_MIN_MMSTRUCT_ALIGN,
1512                         SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC|SLAB_NOTRACK, NULL);
1513         vm_area_cachep = KMEM_CACHE(vm_area_struct, SLAB_PANIC);
1514         mmap_init();
1515 }
1516
1517 /*
1518  * Check constraints on flags passed to the unshare system call and
1519  * force unsharing of additional process context as appropriate.
1520  */
1521 static void check_unshare_flags(unsigned long *flags_ptr)
1522 {
1523         /*
1524          * If unsharing a thread from a thread group, must also
1525          * unshare vm.
1526          */
1527         if (*flags_ptr & CLONE_THREAD)
1528                 *flags_ptr |= CLONE_VM;
1529
1530         /*
1531          * If unsharing vm, must also unshare signal handlers.
1532          */
1533         if (*flags_ptr & CLONE_VM)
1534                 *flags_ptr |= CLONE_SIGHAND;
1535
1536         /*
1537          * If unsharing namespace, must also unshare filesystem information.
1538          */
1539         if (*flags_ptr & CLONE_NEWNS)
1540                 *flags_ptr |= CLONE_FS;
1541 }
1542
1543 /*
1544  * Unsharing of tasks created with CLONE_THREAD is not supported yet
1545  */
1546 static int unshare_thread(unsigned long unshare_flags)
1547 {
1548         if (unshare_flags & CLONE_THREAD)
1549                 return -EINVAL;
1550
1551         return 0;
1552 }
1553
1554 /*
1555  * Unshare the filesystem structure if it is being shared
1556  */
1557 static int unshare_fs(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct fs_struct **new_fsp)
1558 {
1559         struct fs_struct *fs = current->fs;
1560
1561         if (!(unshare_flags & CLONE_FS) || !fs)
1562                 return 0;
1563
1564         /* don't need lock here; in the worst case we'll do useless copy */
1565         if (fs->users == 1)
1566                 return 0;
1567
1568         *new_fsp = copy_fs_struct(fs);
1569         if (!*new_fsp)
1570                 return -ENOMEM;
1571
1572         return 0;
1573 }
1574
1575 /*
1576  * Unsharing of sighand is not supported yet
1577  */
1578 static int unshare_sighand(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct sighand_struct **new_sighp)
1579 {
1580         struct sighand_struct *sigh = current->sighand;
1581
1582         if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_SIGHAND) && atomic_read(&sigh->count) > 1)
1583                 return -EINVAL;
1584         else
1585                 return 0;
1586 }
1587
1588 /*
1589  * Unshare vm if it is being shared
1590  */
1591 static int unshare_vm(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct mm_struct **new_mmp)
1592 {
1593         struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
1594
1595         if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_VM) &&
1596             (mm && atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) > 1)) {
1597                 return -EINVAL;
1598         }
1599
1600         return 0;
1601 }
1602
1603 /*
1604  * Unshare file descriptor table if it is being shared
1605  */
1606 static int unshare_fd(unsigned long unshare_flags, struct files_struct **new_fdp)
1607 {
1608         struct files_struct *fd = current->files;
1609         int error = 0;
1610
1611         if ((unshare_flags & CLONE_FILES) &&
1612             (fd && atomic_read(&fd->count) > 1)) {
1613                 *new_fdp = dup_fd(fd, &error);
1614                 if (!*new_fdp)
1615                         return error;
1616         }
1617
1618         return 0;
1619 }
1620
1621 /*
1622  * unshare allows a process to 'unshare' part of the process
1623  * context which was originally shared using clone.  copy_*
1624  * functions used by do_fork() cannot be used here directly
1625  * because they modify an inactive task_struct that is being
1626  * constructed. Here we are modifying the current, active,
1627  * task_struct.
1628  */
1629 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(unshare, unsigned long, unshare_flags)
1630 {
1631         int err = 0;
1632         struct fs_struct *fs, *new_fs = NULL;
1633         struct sighand_struct *new_sigh = NULL;
1634         struct mm_struct *mm, *new_mm = NULL, *active_mm = NULL;
1635         struct files_struct *fd, *new_fd = NULL;
1636         struct nsproxy *new_nsproxy = NULL;
1637         int do_sysvsem = 0;
1638
1639         check_unshare_flags(&unshare_flags);
1640
1641         /* Return -EINVAL for all unsupported flags */
1642         err = -EINVAL;
1643         if (unshare_flags & ~(CLONE_THREAD|CLONE_FS|CLONE_NEWNS|CLONE_SIGHAND|
1644                                 CLONE_VM|CLONE_FILES|CLONE_SYSVSEM|
1645                                 CLONE_NEWUTS|CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_NEWNET))
1646                 goto bad_unshare_out;
1647
1648         /*
1649          * CLONE_NEWIPC must also detach from the undolist: after switching
1650          * to a new ipc namespace, the semaphore arrays from the old
1651          * namespace are unreachable.
1652          */
1653         if (unshare_flags & (CLONE_NEWIPC|CLONE_SYSVSEM))
1654                 do_sysvsem = 1;
1655         if ((err = unshare_thread(unshare_flags)))
1656                 goto bad_unshare_out;
1657         if ((err = unshare_fs(unshare_flags, &new_fs)))
1658                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_thread;
1659         if ((err = unshare_sighand(unshare_flags, &new_sigh)))
1660                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fs;
1661         if ((err = unshare_vm(unshare_flags, &new_mm)))
1662                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_sigh;
1663         if ((err = unshare_fd(unshare_flags, &new_fd)))
1664                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_vm;
1665         if ((err = unshare_nsproxy_namespaces(unshare_flags, &new_nsproxy,
1666                         new_fs)))
1667                 goto bad_unshare_cleanup_fd;
1668
1669         if (new_fs ||  new_mm || new_fd || do_sysvsem || new_nsproxy) {
1670                 if (do_sysvsem) {
1671                         /*
1672                          * CLONE_SYSVSEM is equivalent to sys_exit().
1673                          */
1674                         exit_sem(current);
1675                 }
1676
1677                 if (new_nsproxy) {
1678                         switch_task_namespaces(current, new_nsproxy);
1679                         new_nsproxy = NULL;
1680                 }
1681
1682                 task_lock(current);
1683
1684                 if (new_fs) {
1685                         fs = current->fs;
1686                         spin_lock(&fs->lock);
1687                         current->fs = new_fs;
1688                         if (--fs->users)
1689                                 new_fs = NULL;
1690                         else
1691                                 new_fs = fs;
1692                         spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
1693                 }
1694
1695                 if (new_mm) {
1696                         mm = current->mm;
1697                         active_mm = current->active_mm;
1698                         current->mm = new_mm;
1699                         current->active_mm = new_mm;
1700                         if (current->signal->oom_score_adj == OOM_SCORE_ADJ_MIN) {
1701                                 atomic_dec(&mm->oom_disable_count);
1702                                 atomic_inc(&new_mm->oom_disable_count);
1703                         }
1704                         activate_mm(active_mm, new_mm);
1705                         new_mm = mm;
1706                 }
1707
1708                 if (new_fd) {
1709                         fd = current->files;
1710                         current->files = new_fd;
1711                         new_fd = fd;
1712                 }
1713
1714                 task_unlock(current);
1715         }
1716
1717         if (new_nsproxy)
1718                 put_nsproxy(new_nsproxy);
1719
1720 bad_unshare_cleanup_fd:
1721         if (new_fd)
1722                 put_files_struct(new_fd);
1723
1724 bad_unshare_cleanup_vm:
1725         if (new_mm)
1726                 mmput(new_mm);
1727
1728 bad_unshare_cleanup_sigh:
1729         if (new_sigh)
1730                 if (atomic_dec_and_test(&new_sigh->count))
1731                         kmem_cache_free(sighand_cachep, new_sigh);
1732
1733 bad_unshare_cleanup_fs:
1734         if (new_fs)
1735                 free_fs_struct(new_fs);
1736
1737 bad_unshare_cleanup_thread:
1738 bad_unshare_out:
1739         return err;
1740 }
1741
1742 /*
1743  *      Helper to unshare the files of the current task.
1744  *      We don't want to expose copy_files internals to
1745  *      the exec layer of the kernel.
1746  */
1747
1748 int unshare_files(struct files_struct **displaced)
1749 {
1750         struct task_struct *task = current;
1751         struct files_struct *copy = NULL;
1752         int error;
1753
1754         error = unshare_fd(CLONE_FILES, &copy);
1755         if (error || !copy) {
1756                 *displaced = NULL;
1757                 return error;
1758         }
1759         *displaced = task->files;
1760         task_lock(task);
1761         task->files = copy;
1762         task_unlock(task);
1763         return 0;
1764 }