[PATCH] use kzalloc and kcalloc in core fs code
[linux-2.6.git] / fs / binfmt_elf_fdpic.c
1 /* binfmt_elf_fdpic.c: FDPIC ELF binary format
2  *
3  * Copyright (C) 2003, 2004 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
4  * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
5  * Derived from binfmt_elf.c
6  *
7  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
9  * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
10  * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  */
12
13 #include <linux/module.h>
14
15 #include <linux/fs.h>
16 #include <linux/stat.h>
17 #include <linux/sched.h>
18 #include <linux/mm.h>
19 #include <linux/mman.h>
20 #include <linux/errno.h>
21 #include <linux/signal.h>
22 #include <linux/binfmts.h>
23 #include <linux/string.h>
24 #include <linux/file.h>
25 #include <linux/fcntl.h>
26 #include <linux/slab.h>
27 #include <linux/highmem.h>
28 #include <linux/personality.h>
29 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
30 #include <linux/init.h>
31 #include <linux/smp_lock.h>
32 #include <linux/elf.h>
33 #include <linux/elf-fdpic.h>
34 #include <linux/elfcore.h>
35
36 #include <asm/uaccess.h>
37 #include <asm/param.h>
38 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
39
40 typedef char *elf_caddr_t;
41 #ifndef elf_addr_t
42 #define elf_addr_t unsigned long
43 #endif
44
45 #if 0
46 #define kdebug(fmt, ...) printk("FDPIC "fmt"\n" ,##__VA_ARGS__ )
47 #else
48 #define kdebug(fmt, ...) do {} while(0)
49 #endif
50
51 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
52
53 static int load_elf_fdpic_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs);
54 //static int load_elf_fdpic_library(struct file *);
55 static int elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(struct elf_fdpic_params *params, struct file *file);
56 static int elf_fdpic_map_file(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
57                               struct file *file,
58                               struct mm_struct *mm,
59                               const char *what);
60
61 static int create_elf_fdpic_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
62                                    struct mm_struct *mm,
63                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *exec_params,
64                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *interp_params);
65
66 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
67 static int elf_fdpic_transfer_args_to_stack(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long *_sp);
68 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_constdisp_on_uclinux(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
69                                                    struct file *file,
70                                                    struct mm_struct *mm);
71 #endif
72
73 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_by_direct_mmap(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
74                                              struct file *file,
75                                              struct mm_struct *mm);
76
77 static struct linux_binfmt elf_fdpic_format = {
78         .module         = THIS_MODULE,
79         .load_binary    = load_elf_fdpic_binary,
80 //      .load_shlib     = load_elf_fdpic_library,
81 //      .core_dump      = elf_fdpic_core_dump,
82         .min_coredump   = ELF_EXEC_PAGESIZE,
83 };
84
85 static int __init init_elf_fdpic_binfmt(void)  { return register_binfmt(&elf_fdpic_format); }
86 static void __exit exit_elf_fdpic_binfmt(void) { unregister_binfmt(&elf_fdpic_format); }
87
88 module_init(init_elf_fdpic_binfmt)
89 module_exit(exit_elf_fdpic_binfmt)
90
91 static int is_elf_fdpic(struct elfhdr *hdr, struct file *file)
92 {
93         if (memcmp(hdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0)
94                 return 0;
95         if (hdr->e_type != ET_EXEC && hdr->e_type != ET_DYN)
96                 return 0;
97         if (!elf_check_arch(hdr) || !elf_check_fdpic(hdr))
98                 return 0;
99         if (!file->f_op || !file->f_op->mmap)
100                 return 0;
101         return 1;
102 }
103
104 /*****************************************************************************/
105 /*
106  * read the program headers table into memory
107  */
108 static int elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(struct elf_fdpic_params *params, struct file *file)
109 {
110         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
111         unsigned long size;
112         int retval, loop;
113
114         if (params->hdr.e_phentsize != sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
115                 return -ENOMEM;
116         if (params->hdr.e_phnum > 65536U / sizeof(struct elf_phdr))
117                 return -ENOMEM;
118
119         size = params->hdr.e_phnum * sizeof(struct elf_phdr);
120         params->phdrs = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
121         if (!params->phdrs)
122                 return -ENOMEM;
123
124         retval = kernel_read(file, params->hdr.e_phoff, (char *) params->phdrs, size);
125         if (retval < 0)
126                 return retval;
127
128         /* determine stack size for this binary */
129         phdr = params->phdrs;
130         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
131                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_GNU_STACK)
132                         continue;
133
134                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X)
135                         params->flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXEC_STACK;
136                 else
137                         params->flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_NOEXEC_STACK;
138
139                 params->stack_size = phdr->p_memsz;
140                 break;
141         }
142
143         return 0;
144 } /* end elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs() */
145
146 /*****************************************************************************/
147 /*
148  * load an fdpic binary into various bits of memory
149  */
150 static int load_elf_fdpic_binary(struct linux_binprm *bprm, struct pt_regs *regs)
151 {
152         struct elf_fdpic_params exec_params, interp_params;
153         struct elf_phdr *phdr;
154         unsigned long stack_size;
155         struct file *interpreter = NULL; /* to shut gcc up */
156         char *interpreter_name = NULL;
157         int executable_stack;
158         int retval, i;
159
160         memset(&exec_params, 0, sizeof(exec_params));
161         memset(&interp_params, 0, sizeof(interp_params));
162
163         exec_params.hdr = *(struct elfhdr *) bprm->buf;
164         exec_params.flags = ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_PRESENT | ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXECUTABLE;
165
166         /* check that this is a binary we know how to deal with */
167         retval = -ENOEXEC;
168         if (!is_elf_fdpic(&exec_params.hdr, bprm->file))
169                 goto error;
170
171         /* read the program header table */
172         retval = elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(&exec_params, bprm->file);
173         if (retval < 0)
174                 goto error;
175
176         /* scan for a program header that specifies an interpreter */
177         phdr = exec_params.phdrs;
178
179         for (i = 0; i < exec_params.hdr.e_phnum; i++, phdr++) {
180                 switch (phdr->p_type) {
181                 case PT_INTERP:
182                         retval = -ENOMEM;
183                         if (phdr->p_filesz > PATH_MAX)
184                                 goto error;
185                         retval = -ENOENT;
186                         if (phdr->p_filesz < 2)
187                                 goto error;
188
189                         /* read the name of the interpreter into memory */
190                         interpreter_name = kmalloc(phdr->p_filesz, GFP_KERNEL);
191                         if (!interpreter_name)
192                                 goto error;
193
194                         retval = kernel_read(bprm->file,
195                                              phdr->p_offset,
196                                              interpreter_name,
197                                              phdr->p_filesz);
198                         if (retval < 0)
199                                 goto error;
200
201                         retval = -ENOENT;
202                         if (interpreter_name[phdr->p_filesz - 1] != '\0')
203                                 goto error;
204
205                         kdebug("Using ELF interpreter %s", interpreter_name);
206
207                         /* replace the program with the interpreter */
208                         interpreter = open_exec(interpreter_name);
209                         retval = PTR_ERR(interpreter);
210                         if (IS_ERR(interpreter)) {
211                                 interpreter = NULL;
212                                 goto error;
213                         }
214
215                         retval = kernel_read(interpreter, 0, bprm->buf, BINPRM_BUF_SIZE);
216                         if (retval < 0)
217                                 goto error;
218
219                         interp_params.hdr = *((struct elfhdr *) bprm->buf);
220                         break;
221
222                 case PT_LOAD:
223 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
224                         if (exec_params.load_addr == 0)
225                                 exec_params.load_addr = phdr->p_vaddr;
226 #endif
227                         break;
228                 }
229
230         }
231
232         if (elf_check_const_displacement(&exec_params.hdr))
233                 exec_params.flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP;
234
235         /* perform insanity checks on the interpreter */
236         if (interpreter_name) {
237                 retval = -ELIBBAD;
238                 if (!is_elf_fdpic(&interp_params.hdr, interpreter))
239                         goto error;
240
241                 interp_params.flags = ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_PRESENT;
242
243                 /* read the interpreter's program header table */
244                 retval = elf_fdpic_fetch_phdrs(&interp_params, interpreter);
245                 if (retval < 0)
246                         goto error;
247         }
248
249         stack_size = exec_params.stack_size;
250         if (stack_size < interp_params.stack_size)
251                 stack_size = interp_params.stack_size;
252
253         if (exec_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXEC_STACK)
254                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_ENABLE_X;
255         else if (exec_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_NOEXEC_STACK)
256                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_DISABLE_X;
257         else if (interp_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXEC_STACK)
258                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_ENABLE_X;
259         else if (interp_params.flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_NOEXEC_STACK)
260                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_DISABLE_X;
261         else
262                 executable_stack = EXSTACK_DEFAULT;
263
264         retval = -ENOEXEC;
265         if (stack_size == 0)
266                 goto error;
267
268         if (elf_check_const_displacement(&interp_params.hdr))
269                 interp_params.flags |= ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP;
270
271         /* flush all traces of the currently running executable */
272         retval = flush_old_exec(bprm);
273         if (retval)
274                 goto error;
275
276         /* there's now no turning back... the old userspace image is dead,
277          * defunct, deceased, etc. after this point we have to exit via
278          * error_kill */
279         set_personality(PER_LINUX_FDPIC);
280         set_binfmt(&elf_fdpic_format);
281
282         current->mm->start_code = 0;
283         current->mm->end_code = 0;
284         current->mm->start_stack = 0;
285         current->mm->start_data = 0;
286         current->mm->end_data = 0;
287         current->mm->context.exec_fdpic_loadmap = 0;
288         current->mm->context.interp_fdpic_loadmap = 0;
289
290         current->flags &= ~PF_FORKNOEXEC;
291
292 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
293         elf_fdpic_arch_lay_out_mm(&exec_params,
294                                   &interp_params,
295                                   &current->mm->start_stack,
296                                   &current->mm->start_brk);
297
298         retval = setup_arg_pages(bprm, current->mm->start_stack, executable_stack);
299         if (retval < 0) {
300                 send_sig(SIGKILL, current, 0);
301                 goto error_kill;
302         }
303 #endif
304
305         /* load the executable and interpreter into memory */
306         retval = elf_fdpic_map_file(&exec_params, bprm->file, current->mm, "executable");
307         if (retval < 0)
308                 goto error_kill;
309
310         if (interpreter_name) {
311                 retval = elf_fdpic_map_file(&interp_params, interpreter,
312                                             current->mm, "interpreter");
313                 if (retval < 0) {
314                         printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to load interpreter\n");
315                         goto error_kill;
316                 }
317
318                 allow_write_access(interpreter);
319                 fput(interpreter);
320                 interpreter = NULL;
321         }
322
323 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
324         if (!current->mm->start_brk)
325                 current->mm->start_brk = current->mm->end_data;
326
327         current->mm->brk = current->mm->start_brk = PAGE_ALIGN(current->mm->start_brk);
328
329 #else
330         /* create a stack and brk area big enough for everyone
331          * - the brk heap starts at the bottom and works up
332          * - the stack starts at the top and works down
333          */
334         stack_size = (stack_size + PAGE_SIZE - 1) & PAGE_MASK;
335         if (stack_size < PAGE_SIZE * 2)
336                 stack_size = PAGE_SIZE * 2;
337
338         down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
339         current->mm->start_brk = do_mmap(NULL,
340                                          0,
341                                          stack_size,
342                                          PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC,
343                                          MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANON | MAP_GROWSDOWN,
344                                          0);
345
346         if (IS_ERR((void *) current->mm->start_brk)) {
347                 up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
348                 retval = current->mm->start_brk;
349                 current->mm->start_brk = 0;
350                 goto error_kill;
351         }
352
353         if (do_mremap(current->mm->start_brk,
354                       stack_size,
355                       ksize((char *) current->mm->start_brk),
356                       0, 0
357                       ) == current->mm->start_brk
358             )
359                 stack_size = ksize((char *) current->mm->start_brk);
360         up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
361
362         current->mm->brk = current->mm->start_brk;
363         current->mm->context.end_brk = current->mm->start_brk;
364         current->mm->context.end_brk += (stack_size > PAGE_SIZE) ? (stack_size - PAGE_SIZE) : 0;
365         current->mm->start_stack = current->mm->start_brk + stack_size;
366 #endif
367
368         compute_creds(bprm);
369         current->flags &= ~PF_FORKNOEXEC;
370         if (create_elf_fdpic_tables(bprm, current->mm, &exec_params, &interp_params) < 0)
371                 goto error_kill;
372
373         kdebug("- start_code  %lx",     (long) current->mm->start_code);
374         kdebug("- end_code    %lx",     (long) current->mm->end_code);
375         kdebug("- start_data  %lx",     (long) current->mm->start_data);
376         kdebug("- end_data    %lx",     (long) current->mm->end_data);
377         kdebug("- start_brk   %lx",     (long) current->mm->start_brk);
378         kdebug("- brk         %lx",     (long) current->mm->brk);
379         kdebug("- start_stack %lx",     (long) current->mm->start_stack);
380
381 #ifdef ELF_FDPIC_PLAT_INIT
382         /*
383          * The ABI may specify that certain registers be set up in special
384          * ways (on i386 %edx is the address of a DT_FINI function, for
385          * example.  This macro performs whatever initialization to
386          * the regs structure is required.
387          */
388         ELF_FDPIC_PLAT_INIT(regs,
389                             exec_params.map_addr,
390                             interp_params.map_addr,
391                             interp_params.dynamic_addr ?: exec_params.dynamic_addr
392                             );
393 #endif
394
395         /* everything is now ready... get the userspace context ready to roll */
396         start_thread(regs,
397                      interp_params.entry_addr ?: exec_params.entry_addr,
398                      current->mm->start_stack);
399
400         if (unlikely(current->ptrace & PT_PTRACED)) {
401                 if (current->ptrace & PT_TRACE_EXEC)
402                         ptrace_notify ((PTRACE_EVENT_EXEC << 8) | SIGTRAP);
403                 else
404                         send_sig(SIGTRAP, current, 0);
405         }
406
407         retval = 0;
408
409 error:
410         if (interpreter) {
411                 allow_write_access(interpreter);
412                 fput(interpreter);
413         }
414         kfree(interpreter_name);
415         kfree(exec_params.phdrs);
416         kfree(exec_params.loadmap);
417         kfree(interp_params.phdrs);
418         kfree(interp_params.loadmap);
419         return retval;
420
421         /* unrecoverable error - kill the process */
422  error_kill:
423         send_sig(SIGSEGV, current, 0);
424         goto error;
425
426 } /* end load_elf_fdpic_binary() */
427
428 /*****************************************************************************/
429 /*
430  * present useful information to the program
431  */
432 static int create_elf_fdpic_tables(struct linux_binprm *bprm,
433                                    struct mm_struct *mm,
434                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *exec_params,
435                                    struct elf_fdpic_params *interp_params)
436 {
437         unsigned long sp, csp, nitems;
438         elf_caddr_t *argv, *envp;
439         size_t platform_len = 0, len;
440         char *k_platform, *u_platform, *p;
441         long hwcap;
442         int loop;
443
444         /* we're going to shovel a whole load of stuff onto the stack */
445 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
446         sp = bprm->p;
447 #else
448         sp = mm->start_stack;
449
450         /* stack the program arguments and environment */
451         if (elf_fdpic_transfer_args_to_stack(bprm, &sp) < 0)
452                 return -EFAULT;
453 #endif
454
455         /* get hold of platform and hardware capabilities masks for the machine
456          * we are running on.  In some cases (Sparc), this info is impossible
457          * to get, in others (i386) it is merely difficult.
458          */
459         hwcap = ELF_HWCAP;
460         k_platform = ELF_PLATFORM;
461
462         if (k_platform) {
463                 platform_len = strlen(k_platform) + 1;
464                 sp -= platform_len;
465                 if (__copy_to_user(u_platform, k_platform, platform_len) != 0)
466                         return -EFAULT;
467         }
468
469         u_platform = (char *) sp;
470
471 #if defined(__i386__) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
472         /* in some cases (e.g. Hyper-Threading), we want to avoid L1 evictions
473          * by the processes running on the same package. One thing we can do
474          * is to shuffle the initial stack for them.
475          *
476          * the conditionals here are unneeded, but kept in to make the
477          * code behaviour the same as pre change unless we have hyperthreaded
478          * processors. This keeps Mr Marcelo Person happier but should be
479          * removed for 2.5
480          */
481         if (smp_num_siblings > 1)
482                 sp = sp - ((current->pid % 64) << 7);
483 #endif
484
485         sp &= ~7UL;
486
487         /* stack the load map(s) */
488         len = sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadmap);
489         len += sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg) * exec_params->loadmap->nsegs;
490         sp = (sp - len) & ~7UL;
491         exec_params->map_addr = sp;
492
493         if (copy_to_user((void *) sp, exec_params->loadmap, len) != 0)
494                 return -EFAULT;
495
496         current->mm->context.exec_fdpic_loadmap = (unsigned long) sp;
497
498         if (interp_params->loadmap) {
499                 len = sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadmap);
500                 len += sizeof(struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg) * interp_params->loadmap->nsegs;
501                 sp = (sp - len) & ~7UL;
502                 interp_params->map_addr = sp;
503
504                 if (copy_to_user((void *) sp, interp_params->loadmap, len) != 0)
505                         return -EFAULT;
506
507                 current->mm->context.interp_fdpic_loadmap = (unsigned long) sp;
508         }
509
510         /* force 16 byte _final_ alignment here for generality */
511 #define DLINFO_ITEMS 13
512
513         nitems = 1 + DLINFO_ITEMS + (k_platform ? 1 : 0);
514 #ifdef DLINFO_ARCH_ITEMS
515         nitems += DLINFO_ARCH_ITEMS;
516 #endif
517
518         csp = sp;
519         sp -= nitems * 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
520         sp -= (bprm->envc + 1) * sizeof(char *);        /* envv[] */
521         sp -= (bprm->argc + 1) * sizeof(char *);        /* argv[] */
522         sp -= 1 * sizeof(unsigned long);                /* argc */
523
524         csp -= sp & 15UL;
525         sp -= sp & 15UL;
526
527         /* put the ELF interpreter info on the stack */
528 #define NEW_AUX_ENT(nr, id, val)                                                \
529         do {                                                                    \
530                 struct { unsigned long _id, _val; } *ent = (void *) csp;        \
531                 __put_user((id), &ent[nr]._id);                                 \
532                 __put_user((val), &ent[nr]._val);                               \
533         } while (0)
534
535         csp -= 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
536         NEW_AUX_ENT(0, AT_NULL, 0);
537         if (k_platform) {
538                 csp -= 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
539                 NEW_AUX_ENT(0, AT_PLATFORM, (elf_addr_t)(unsigned long) u_platform);
540         }
541
542         csp -= DLINFO_ITEMS * 2 * sizeof(unsigned long);
543         NEW_AUX_ENT( 0, AT_HWCAP,               hwcap);
544         NEW_AUX_ENT( 1, AT_PAGESZ,              PAGE_SIZE);
545         NEW_AUX_ENT( 2, AT_CLKTCK,              CLOCKS_PER_SEC);
546         NEW_AUX_ENT( 3, AT_PHDR,                exec_params->ph_addr);
547         NEW_AUX_ENT( 4, AT_PHENT,               sizeof(struct elf_phdr));
548         NEW_AUX_ENT( 5, AT_PHNUM,               exec_params->hdr.e_phnum);
549         NEW_AUX_ENT( 6, AT_BASE,                interp_params->elfhdr_addr);
550         NEW_AUX_ENT( 7, AT_FLAGS,               0);
551         NEW_AUX_ENT( 8, AT_ENTRY,               exec_params->entry_addr);
552         NEW_AUX_ENT( 9, AT_UID,                 (elf_addr_t) current->uid);
553         NEW_AUX_ENT(10, AT_EUID,                (elf_addr_t) current->euid);
554         NEW_AUX_ENT(11, AT_GID,                 (elf_addr_t) current->gid);
555         NEW_AUX_ENT(12, AT_EGID,                (elf_addr_t) current->egid);
556
557 #ifdef ARCH_DLINFO
558         /* ARCH_DLINFO must come last so platform specific code can enforce
559          * special alignment requirements on the AUXV if necessary (eg. PPC).
560          */
561         ARCH_DLINFO;
562 #endif
563 #undef NEW_AUX_ENT
564
565         /* allocate room for argv[] and envv[] */
566         csp -= (bprm->envc + 1) * sizeof(elf_caddr_t);
567         envp = (elf_caddr_t *) csp;
568         csp -= (bprm->argc + 1) * sizeof(elf_caddr_t);
569         argv = (elf_caddr_t *) csp;
570
571         /* stack argc */
572         csp -= sizeof(unsigned long);
573         __put_user(bprm->argc, (unsigned long *) csp);
574
575         if (csp != sp)
576                 BUG();
577
578         /* fill in the argv[] array */
579 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
580         current->mm->arg_start = bprm->p;
581 #else
582         current->mm->arg_start = current->mm->start_stack - (MAX_ARG_PAGES * PAGE_SIZE - bprm->p);
583 #endif
584
585         p = (char *) current->mm->arg_start;
586         for (loop = bprm->argc; loop > 0; loop--) {
587                 __put_user((elf_caddr_t) p, argv++);
588                 len = strnlen_user(p, PAGE_SIZE * MAX_ARG_PAGES);
589                 if (!len || len > PAGE_SIZE * MAX_ARG_PAGES)
590                         return -EINVAL;
591                 p += len;
592         }
593         __put_user(NULL, argv);
594         current->mm->arg_end = (unsigned long) p;
595
596         /* fill in the envv[] array */
597         current->mm->env_start = (unsigned long) p;
598         for (loop = bprm->envc; loop > 0; loop--) {
599                 __put_user((elf_caddr_t)(unsigned long) p, envp++);
600                 len = strnlen_user(p, PAGE_SIZE * MAX_ARG_PAGES);
601                 if (!len || len > PAGE_SIZE * MAX_ARG_PAGES)
602                         return -EINVAL;
603                 p += len;
604         }
605         __put_user(NULL, envp);
606         current->mm->env_end = (unsigned long) p;
607
608         mm->start_stack = (unsigned long) sp;
609         return 0;
610 } /* end create_elf_fdpic_tables() */
611
612 /*****************************************************************************/
613 /*
614  * transfer the program arguments and environment from the holding pages onto
615  * the stack
616  */
617 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
618 static int elf_fdpic_transfer_args_to_stack(struct linux_binprm *bprm, unsigned long *_sp)
619 {
620         unsigned long index, stop, sp;
621         char *src;
622         int ret = 0;
623
624         stop = bprm->p >> PAGE_SHIFT;
625         sp = *_sp;
626
627         for (index = MAX_ARG_PAGES - 1; index >= stop; index--) {
628                 src = kmap(bprm->page[index]);
629                 sp -= PAGE_SIZE;
630                 if (copy_to_user((void *) sp, src, PAGE_SIZE) != 0)
631                         ret = -EFAULT;
632                 kunmap(bprm->page[index]);
633                 if (ret < 0)
634                         goto out;
635         }
636
637         *_sp = (*_sp - (MAX_ARG_PAGES * PAGE_SIZE - bprm->p)) & ~15;
638
639  out:
640         return ret;
641 } /* end elf_fdpic_transfer_args_to_stack() */
642 #endif
643
644 /*****************************************************************************/
645 /*
646  * load the appropriate binary image (executable or interpreter) into memory
647  * - we assume no MMU is available
648  * - if no other PIC bits are set in params->hdr->e_flags
649  *   - we assume that the LOADable segments in the binary are independently relocatable
650  *   - we assume R/O executable segments are shareable
651  * - else
652  *   - we assume the loadable parts of the image to require fixed displacement
653  *   - the image is not shareable
654  */
655 static int elf_fdpic_map_file(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
656                               struct file *file,
657                               struct mm_struct *mm,
658                               const char *what)
659 {
660         struct elf32_fdpic_loadmap *loadmap;
661 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
662         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *mseg;
663 #endif
664         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *seg;
665         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
666         unsigned long load_addr, stop;
667         unsigned nloads, tmp;
668         size_t size;
669         int loop, ret;
670
671         /* allocate a load map table */
672         nloads = 0;
673         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++)
674                 if (params->phdrs[loop].p_type == PT_LOAD)
675                         nloads++;
676
677         if (nloads == 0)
678                 return -ELIBBAD;
679
680         size = sizeof(*loadmap) + nloads * sizeof(*seg);
681         loadmap = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
682         if (!loadmap)
683                 return -ENOMEM;
684
685         params->loadmap = loadmap;
686         memset(loadmap, 0, size);
687
688         loadmap->version = ELF32_FDPIC_LOADMAP_VERSION;
689         loadmap->nsegs = nloads;
690
691         load_addr = params->load_addr;
692         seg = loadmap->segs;
693
694         /* map the requested LOADs into the memory space */
695         switch (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_ARRANGEMENT) {
696         case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP:
697         case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONTIGUOUS:
698 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
699                 ret = elf_fdpic_map_file_constdisp_on_uclinux(params, file, mm);
700                 if (ret < 0)
701                         return ret;
702                 break;
703 #endif
704         default:
705                 ret = elf_fdpic_map_file_by_direct_mmap(params, file, mm);
706                 if (ret < 0)
707                         return ret;
708                 break;
709         }
710
711         /* map the entry point */
712         if (params->hdr.e_entry) {
713                 seg = loadmap->segs;
714                 for (loop = loadmap->nsegs; loop > 0; loop--, seg++) {
715                         if (params->hdr.e_entry >= seg->p_vaddr &&
716                             params->hdr.e_entry < seg->p_vaddr + seg->p_memsz
717                             ) {
718                                 params->entry_addr =
719                                         (params->hdr.e_entry - seg->p_vaddr) + seg->addr;
720                                 break;
721                         }
722                 }
723         }
724
725         /* determine where the program header table has wound up if mapped */
726         stop = params->hdr.e_phoff + params->hdr.e_phnum * sizeof (struct elf_phdr);
727         phdr = params->phdrs;
728
729         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
730                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_LOAD)
731                         continue;
732
733                 if (phdr->p_offset > params->hdr.e_phoff ||
734                     phdr->p_offset + phdr->p_filesz < stop)
735                         continue;
736
737                 seg = loadmap->segs;
738                 for (loop = loadmap->nsegs; loop > 0; loop--, seg++) {
739                         if (phdr->p_vaddr >= seg->p_vaddr &&
740                             phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_filesz <= seg->p_vaddr + seg->p_memsz
741                             ) {
742                                 params->ph_addr = (phdr->p_vaddr - seg->p_vaddr) + seg->addr +
743                                         params->hdr.e_phoff - phdr->p_offset;
744                                 break;
745                         }
746                 }
747                 break;
748         }
749
750         /* determine where the dynamic section has wound up if there is one */
751         phdr = params->phdrs;
752         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
753                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_DYNAMIC)
754                         continue;
755
756                 seg = loadmap->segs;
757                 for (loop = loadmap->nsegs; loop > 0; loop--, seg++) {
758                         if (phdr->p_vaddr >= seg->p_vaddr &&
759                             phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_memsz <= seg->p_vaddr + seg->p_memsz
760                             ) {
761                                 params->dynamic_addr = (phdr->p_vaddr - seg->p_vaddr) + seg->addr;
762
763                                 /* check the dynamic section contains at least one item, and that
764                                  * the last item is a NULL entry */
765                                 if (phdr->p_memsz == 0 ||
766                                     phdr->p_memsz % sizeof(Elf32_Dyn) != 0)
767                                         goto dynamic_error;
768
769                                 tmp = phdr->p_memsz / sizeof(Elf32_Dyn);
770                                 if (((Elf32_Dyn *) params->dynamic_addr)[tmp - 1].d_tag != 0)
771                                         goto dynamic_error;
772                                 break;
773                         }
774                 }
775                 break;
776         }
777
778         /* now elide adjacent segments in the load map on MMU linux
779          * - on uClinux the holes between may actually be filled with system stuff or stuff from
780          *   other processes
781          */
782 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
783         nloads = loadmap->nsegs;
784         mseg = loadmap->segs;
785         seg = mseg + 1;
786         for (loop = 1; loop < nloads; loop++) {
787                 /* see if we have a candidate for merging */
788                 if (seg->p_vaddr - mseg->p_vaddr == seg->addr - mseg->addr) {
789                         load_addr = PAGE_ALIGN(mseg->addr + mseg->p_memsz);
790                         if (load_addr == (seg->addr & PAGE_MASK)) {
791                                 mseg->p_memsz += load_addr - (mseg->addr + mseg->p_memsz);
792                                 mseg->p_memsz += seg->addr & ~PAGE_MASK;
793                                 mseg->p_memsz += seg->p_memsz;
794                                 loadmap->nsegs--;
795                                 continue;
796                         }
797                 }
798
799                 mseg++;
800                 if (mseg != seg)
801                         *mseg = *seg;
802         }
803 #endif
804
805         kdebug("Mapped Object [%s]:", what);
806         kdebug("- elfhdr   : %lx", params->elfhdr_addr);
807         kdebug("- entry    : %lx", params->entry_addr);
808         kdebug("- PHDR[]   : %lx", params->ph_addr);
809         kdebug("- DYNAMIC[]: %lx", params->dynamic_addr);
810         seg = loadmap->segs;
811         for (loop = 0; loop < loadmap->nsegs; loop++, seg++)
812                 kdebug("- LOAD[%d] : %08x-%08x [va=%x ms=%x]",
813                        loop,
814                        seg->addr, seg->addr + seg->p_memsz - 1,
815                        seg->p_vaddr, seg->p_memsz);
816
817         return 0;
818
819  dynamic_error:
820         printk("ELF FDPIC %s with invalid DYNAMIC section (inode=%lu)\n",
821                what, file->f_dentry->d_inode->i_ino);
822         return -ELIBBAD;
823 } /* end elf_fdpic_map_file() */
824
825 /*****************************************************************************/
826 /*
827  * map a file with constant displacement under uClinux
828  */
829 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
830 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_constdisp_on_uclinux(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
831                                                    struct file *file,
832                                                    struct mm_struct *mm)
833 {
834         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *seg;
835         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
836         unsigned long load_addr, base = ULONG_MAX, top = 0, maddr = 0, mflags;
837         loff_t fpos;
838         int loop, ret;
839
840         load_addr = params->load_addr;
841         seg = params->loadmap->segs;
842
843         /* determine the bounds of the contiguous overall allocation we must make */
844         phdr = params->phdrs;
845         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
846                 if (params->phdrs[loop].p_type != PT_LOAD)
847                         continue;
848
849                 if (base > phdr->p_vaddr)
850                         base = phdr->p_vaddr;
851                 if (top < phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_memsz)
852                         top = phdr->p_vaddr + phdr->p_memsz;
853         }
854
855         /* allocate one big anon block for everything */
856         mflags = MAP_PRIVATE;
857         if (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXECUTABLE)
858                 mflags |= MAP_EXECUTABLE;
859
860         down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
861         maddr = do_mmap(NULL, load_addr, top - base,
862                         PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE | PROT_EXEC, mflags, 0);
863         up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
864         if (IS_ERR((void *) maddr))
865                 return (int) maddr;
866
867         if (load_addr != 0)
868                 load_addr += PAGE_ALIGN(top - base);
869
870         /* and then load the file segments into it */
871         phdr = params->phdrs;
872         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
873                 if (params->phdrs[loop].p_type != PT_LOAD)
874                         continue;
875
876                 fpos = phdr->p_offset;
877
878                 seg->addr = maddr + (phdr->p_vaddr - base);
879                 seg->p_vaddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
880                 seg->p_memsz = phdr->p_memsz;
881
882                 ret = file->f_op->read(file, (void *) seg->addr, phdr->p_filesz, &fpos);
883                 if (ret < 0)
884                         return ret;
885
886                 /* map the ELF header address if in this segment */
887                 if (phdr->p_offset == 0)
888                         params->elfhdr_addr = seg->addr;
889
890                 /* clear any space allocated but not loaded */
891                 if (phdr->p_filesz < phdr->p_memsz)
892                         clear_user((void *) (seg->addr + phdr->p_filesz),
893                                    phdr->p_memsz - phdr->p_filesz);
894
895                 if (mm) {
896                         if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X) {
897                                 mm->start_code = seg->addr;
898                                 mm->end_code = seg->addr + phdr->p_memsz;
899                         }
900                         else if (!mm->start_data) {
901                                 mm->start_data = seg->addr;
902 #ifndef CONFIG_MMU
903                                 mm->end_data = seg->addr + phdr->p_memsz;
904 #endif
905                         }
906
907 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
908                         if (seg->addr + phdr->p_memsz > mm->end_data)
909                                 mm->end_data = seg->addr + phdr->p_memsz;
910 #endif
911                 }
912
913                 seg++;
914         }
915
916         return 0;
917 } /* end elf_fdpic_map_file_constdisp_on_uclinux() */
918 #endif
919
920 /*****************************************************************************/
921 /*
922  * map a binary by direct mmap() of the individual PT_LOAD segments
923  */
924 static int elf_fdpic_map_file_by_direct_mmap(struct elf_fdpic_params *params,
925                                              struct file *file,
926                                              struct mm_struct *mm)
927 {
928         struct elf32_fdpic_loadseg *seg;
929         struct elf32_phdr *phdr;
930         unsigned long load_addr, delta_vaddr;
931         int loop, dvset;
932
933         load_addr = params->load_addr;
934         delta_vaddr = 0;
935         dvset = 0;
936
937         seg = params->loadmap->segs;
938
939         /* deal with each load segment separately */
940         phdr = params->phdrs;
941         for (loop = 0; loop < params->hdr.e_phnum; loop++, phdr++) {
942                 unsigned long maddr, disp, excess, excess1;
943                 int prot = 0, flags;
944
945                 if (phdr->p_type != PT_LOAD)
946                         continue;
947
948                 kdebug("[LOAD] va=%lx of=%lx fs=%lx ms=%lx",
949                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_vaddr,
950                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_offset,
951                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_filesz,
952                        (unsigned long) phdr->p_memsz);
953
954                 /* determine the mapping parameters */
955                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_R) prot |= PROT_READ;
956                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_W) prot |= PROT_WRITE;
957                 if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X) prot |= PROT_EXEC;
958
959                 flags = MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_DENYWRITE;
960                 if (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_EXECUTABLE)
961                         flags |= MAP_EXECUTABLE;
962
963                 maddr = 0;
964
965                 switch (params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_ARRANGEMENT) {
966                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_INDEPENDENT:
967                         /* PT_LOADs are independently locatable */
968                         break;
969
970                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_HONOURVADDR:
971                         /* the specified virtual address must be honoured */
972                         maddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
973                         flags |= MAP_FIXED;
974                         break;
975
976                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONSTDISP:
977                         /* constant displacement
978                          * - can be mapped anywhere, but must be mapped as a unit
979                          */
980                         if (!dvset) {
981                                 maddr = load_addr;
982                                 delta_vaddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
983                                 dvset = 1;
984                         }
985                         else {
986                                 maddr = load_addr + phdr->p_vaddr - delta_vaddr;
987                                 flags |= MAP_FIXED;
988                         }
989                         break;
990
991                 case ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONTIGUOUS:
992                         /* contiguity handled later */
993                         break;
994
995                 default:
996                         BUG();
997                 }
998
999                 maddr &= PAGE_MASK;
1000
1001                 /* create the mapping */
1002                 disp = phdr->p_vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK;
1003                 down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
1004                 maddr = do_mmap(file, maddr, phdr->p_memsz + disp, prot, flags,
1005                                 phdr->p_offset - disp);
1006                 up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
1007
1008                 kdebug("mmap[%d] <file> sz=%lx pr=%x fl=%x of=%lx --> %08lx",
1009                        loop, phdr->p_memsz + disp, prot, flags, phdr->p_offset - disp,
1010                        maddr);
1011
1012                 if (IS_ERR((void *) maddr))
1013                         return (int) maddr;
1014
1015                 if ((params->flags & ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_ARRANGEMENT) == ELF_FDPIC_FLAG_CONTIGUOUS)
1016                         load_addr += PAGE_ALIGN(phdr->p_memsz + disp);
1017
1018                 seg->addr = maddr + disp;
1019                 seg->p_vaddr = phdr->p_vaddr;
1020                 seg->p_memsz = phdr->p_memsz;
1021
1022                 /* map the ELF header address if in this segment */
1023                 if (phdr->p_offset == 0)
1024                         params->elfhdr_addr = seg->addr;
1025
1026                 /* clear the bit between beginning of mapping and beginning of PT_LOAD */
1027                 if (prot & PROT_WRITE && disp > 0) {
1028                         kdebug("clear[%d] ad=%lx sz=%lx", loop, maddr, disp);
1029                         clear_user((void *) maddr, disp);
1030                         maddr += disp;
1031                 }
1032
1033                 /* clear any space allocated but not loaded
1034                  * - on uClinux we can just clear the lot
1035                  * - on MMU linux we'll get a SIGBUS beyond the last page
1036                  *   extant in the file
1037                  */
1038                 excess = phdr->p_memsz - phdr->p_filesz;
1039                 excess1 = PAGE_SIZE - ((maddr + phdr->p_filesz) & ~PAGE_MASK);
1040
1041 #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
1042
1043                 if (excess > excess1) {
1044                         unsigned long xaddr = maddr + phdr->p_filesz + excess1;
1045                         unsigned long xmaddr;
1046
1047                         flags |= MAP_FIXED | MAP_ANONYMOUS;
1048                         down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
1049                         xmaddr = do_mmap(NULL, xaddr, excess - excess1, prot, flags, 0);
1050                         up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
1051
1052                         kdebug("mmap[%d] <anon>"
1053                                " ad=%lx sz=%lx pr=%x fl=%x of=0 --> %08lx",
1054                                loop, xaddr, excess - excess1, prot, flags, xmaddr);
1055
1056                         if (xmaddr != xaddr)
1057                                 return -ENOMEM;
1058                 }
1059
1060                 if (prot & PROT_WRITE && excess1 > 0) {
1061                         kdebug("clear[%d] ad=%lx sz=%lx",
1062                                loop, maddr + phdr->p_filesz, excess1);
1063                         clear_user((void *) maddr + phdr->p_filesz, excess1);
1064                 }
1065
1066 #else
1067                 if (excess > 0) {
1068                         kdebug("clear[%d] ad=%lx sz=%lx",
1069                                loop, maddr + phdr->p_filesz, excess);
1070                         clear_user((void *) maddr + phdr->p_filesz, excess);
1071                 }
1072 #endif
1073
1074                 if (mm) {
1075                         if (phdr->p_flags & PF_X) {
1076                                 mm->start_code = maddr;
1077                                 mm->end_code = maddr + phdr->p_memsz;
1078                         }
1079                         else if (!mm->start_data) {
1080                                 mm->start_data = maddr;
1081                                 mm->end_data = maddr + phdr->p_memsz;
1082                         }
1083                 }
1084
1085                 seg++;
1086         }
1087
1088         return 0;
1089 } /* end elf_fdpic_map_file_by_direct_mmap() */