Revert "ARM: tegra: tegratab: dummy change"
[linux-2.6.git] / drivers / vhost / vhost.c
1 /* Copyright (C) 2009 Red Hat, Inc.
2  * Copyright (C) 2006 Rusty Russell IBM Corporation
3  *
4  * Author: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com>
5  *
6  * Inspiration, some code, and most witty comments come from
7  * Documentation/virtual/lguest/lguest.c, by Rusty Russell
8  *
9  * This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2.
10  *
11  * Generic code for virtio server in host kernel.
12  */
13
14 #include <linux/eventfd.h>
15 #include <linux/vhost.h>
16 #include <linux/virtio_net.h>
17 #include <linux/mm.h>
18 #include <linux/mmu_context.h>
19 #include <linux/miscdevice.h>
20 #include <linux/mutex.h>
21 #include <linux/rcupdate.h>
22 #include <linux/poll.h>
23 #include <linux/file.h>
24 #include <linux/highmem.h>
25 #include <linux/slab.h>
26 #include <linux/kthread.h>
27 #include <linux/cgroup.h>
28
29 #include <linux/net.h>
30 #include <linux/if_packet.h>
31 #include <linux/if_arp.h>
32
33 #include "vhost.h"
34
35 enum {
36         VHOST_MEMORY_MAX_NREGIONS = 64,
37         VHOST_MEMORY_F_LOG = 0x1,
38 };
39
40 static unsigned vhost_zcopy_mask __read_mostly;
41
42 #define vhost_used_event(vq) ((u16 __user *)&vq->avail->ring[vq->num])
43 #define vhost_avail_event(vq) ((u16 __user *)&vq->used->ring[vq->num])
44
45 static void vhost_poll_func(struct file *file, wait_queue_head_t *wqh,
46                             poll_table *pt)
47 {
48         struct vhost_poll *poll;
49
50         poll = container_of(pt, struct vhost_poll, table);
51         poll->wqh = wqh;
52         add_wait_queue(wqh, &poll->wait);
53 }
54
55 static int vhost_poll_wakeup(wait_queue_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync,
56                              void *key)
57 {
58         struct vhost_poll *poll = container_of(wait, struct vhost_poll, wait);
59
60         if (!((unsigned long)key & poll->mask))
61                 return 0;
62
63         vhost_poll_queue(poll);
64         return 0;
65 }
66
67 static void vhost_work_init(struct vhost_work *work, vhost_work_fn_t fn)
68 {
69         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&work->node);
70         work->fn = fn;
71         init_waitqueue_head(&work->done);
72         work->flushing = 0;
73         work->queue_seq = work->done_seq = 0;
74 }
75
76 /* Init poll structure */
77 void vhost_poll_init(struct vhost_poll *poll, vhost_work_fn_t fn,
78                      unsigned long mask, struct vhost_dev *dev)
79 {
80         init_waitqueue_func_entry(&poll->wait, vhost_poll_wakeup);
81         init_poll_funcptr(&poll->table, vhost_poll_func);
82         poll->mask = mask;
83         poll->dev = dev;
84
85         vhost_work_init(&poll->work, fn);
86 }
87
88 /* Start polling a file. We add ourselves to file's wait queue. The caller must
89  * keep a reference to a file until after vhost_poll_stop is called. */
90 void vhost_poll_start(struct vhost_poll *poll, struct file *file)
91 {
92         unsigned long mask;
93
94         mask = file->f_op->poll(file, &poll->table);
95         if (mask)
96                 vhost_poll_wakeup(&poll->wait, 0, 0, (void *)mask);
97 }
98
99 /* Stop polling a file. After this function returns, it becomes safe to drop the
100  * file reference. You must also flush afterwards. */
101 void vhost_poll_stop(struct vhost_poll *poll)
102 {
103         remove_wait_queue(poll->wqh, &poll->wait);
104 }
105
106 static bool vhost_work_seq_done(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_work *work,
107                                 unsigned seq)
108 {
109         int left;
110
111         spin_lock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
112         left = seq - work->done_seq;
113         spin_unlock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
114         return left <= 0;
115 }
116
117 static void vhost_work_flush(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_work *work)
118 {
119         unsigned seq;
120         int flushing;
121
122         spin_lock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
123         seq = work->queue_seq;
124         work->flushing++;
125         spin_unlock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
126         wait_event(work->done, vhost_work_seq_done(dev, work, seq));
127         spin_lock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
128         flushing = --work->flushing;
129         spin_unlock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
130         BUG_ON(flushing < 0);
131 }
132
133 /* Flush any work that has been scheduled. When calling this, don't hold any
134  * locks that are also used by the callback. */
135 void vhost_poll_flush(struct vhost_poll *poll)
136 {
137         vhost_work_flush(poll->dev, &poll->work);
138 }
139
140 static inline void vhost_work_queue(struct vhost_dev *dev,
141                                     struct vhost_work *work)
142 {
143         unsigned long flags;
144
145         spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->work_lock, flags);
146         if (list_empty(&work->node)) {
147                 list_add_tail(&work->node, &dev->work_list);
148                 work->queue_seq++;
149                 wake_up_process(dev->worker);
150         }
151         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->work_lock, flags);
152 }
153
154 void vhost_poll_queue(struct vhost_poll *poll)
155 {
156         vhost_work_queue(poll->dev, &poll->work);
157 }
158
159 static void vhost_vq_reset(struct vhost_dev *dev,
160                            struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
161 {
162         vq->num = 1;
163         vq->desc = NULL;
164         vq->avail = NULL;
165         vq->used = NULL;
166         vq->last_avail_idx = 0;
167         vq->avail_idx = 0;
168         vq->last_used_idx = 0;
169         vq->signalled_used = 0;
170         vq->signalled_used_valid = false;
171         vq->used_flags = 0;
172         vq->log_used = false;
173         vq->log_addr = -1ull;
174         vq->vhost_hlen = 0;
175         vq->sock_hlen = 0;
176         vq->private_data = NULL;
177         vq->log_base = NULL;
178         vq->error_ctx = NULL;
179         vq->error = NULL;
180         vq->kick = NULL;
181         vq->call_ctx = NULL;
182         vq->call = NULL;
183         vq->log_ctx = NULL;
184         vq->upend_idx = 0;
185         vq->done_idx = 0;
186         vq->ubufs = NULL;
187 }
188
189 static int vhost_worker(void *data)
190 {
191         struct vhost_dev *dev = data;
192         struct vhost_work *work = NULL;
193         unsigned uninitialized_var(seq);
194
195         use_mm(dev->mm);
196
197         for (;;) {
198                 /* mb paired w/ kthread_stop */
199                 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
200
201                 spin_lock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
202                 if (work) {
203                         work->done_seq = seq;
204                         if (work->flushing)
205                                 wake_up_all(&work->done);
206                 }
207
208                 if (kthread_should_stop()) {
209                         spin_unlock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
210                         __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
211                         break;
212                 }
213                 if (!list_empty(&dev->work_list)) {
214                         work = list_first_entry(&dev->work_list,
215                                                 struct vhost_work, node);
216                         list_del_init(&work->node);
217                         seq = work->queue_seq;
218                 } else
219                         work = NULL;
220                 spin_unlock_irq(&dev->work_lock);
221
222                 if (work) {
223                         __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
224                         work->fn(work);
225                         if (need_resched())
226                                 schedule();
227                 } else
228                         schedule();
229
230         }
231         unuse_mm(dev->mm);
232         return 0;
233 }
234
235 static void vhost_vq_free_iovecs(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
236 {
237         kfree(vq->indirect);
238         vq->indirect = NULL;
239         kfree(vq->log);
240         vq->log = NULL;
241         kfree(vq->heads);
242         vq->heads = NULL;
243         kfree(vq->ubuf_info);
244         vq->ubuf_info = NULL;
245 }
246
247 void vhost_enable_zcopy(int vq)
248 {
249         vhost_zcopy_mask |= 0x1 << vq;
250 }
251
252 /* Helper to allocate iovec buffers for all vqs. */
253 static long vhost_dev_alloc_iovecs(struct vhost_dev *dev)
254 {
255         int i;
256         bool zcopy;
257
258         for (i = 0; i < dev->nvqs; ++i) {
259                 dev->vqs[i].indirect = kmalloc(sizeof *dev->vqs[i].indirect *
260                                                UIO_MAXIOV, GFP_KERNEL);
261                 dev->vqs[i].log = kmalloc(sizeof *dev->vqs[i].log * UIO_MAXIOV,
262                                           GFP_KERNEL);
263                 dev->vqs[i].heads = kmalloc(sizeof *dev->vqs[i].heads *
264                                             UIO_MAXIOV, GFP_KERNEL);
265                 zcopy = vhost_zcopy_mask & (0x1 << i);
266                 if (zcopy)
267                         dev->vqs[i].ubuf_info =
268                                 kmalloc(sizeof *dev->vqs[i].ubuf_info *
269                                         UIO_MAXIOV, GFP_KERNEL);
270                 if (!dev->vqs[i].indirect || !dev->vqs[i].log ||
271                         !dev->vqs[i].heads ||
272                         (zcopy && !dev->vqs[i].ubuf_info))
273                         goto err_nomem;
274         }
275         return 0;
276
277 err_nomem:
278         for (; i >= 0; --i)
279                 vhost_vq_free_iovecs(&dev->vqs[i]);
280         return -ENOMEM;
281 }
282
283 static void vhost_dev_free_iovecs(struct vhost_dev *dev)
284 {
285         int i;
286
287         for (i = 0; i < dev->nvqs; ++i)
288                 vhost_vq_free_iovecs(&dev->vqs[i]);
289 }
290
291 long vhost_dev_init(struct vhost_dev *dev,
292                     struct vhost_virtqueue *vqs, int nvqs)
293 {
294         int i;
295
296         dev->vqs = vqs;
297         dev->nvqs = nvqs;
298         mutex_init(&dev->mutex);
299         dev->log_ctx = NULL;
300         dev->log_file = NULL;
301         dev->memory = NULL;
302         dev->mm = NULL;
303         spin_lock_init(&dev->work_lock);
304         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->work_list);
305         dev->worker = NULL;
306
307         for (i = 0; i < dev->nvqs; ++i) {
308                 dev->vqs[i].log = NULL;
309                 dev->vqs[i].indirect = NULL;
310                 dev->vqs[i].heads = NULL;
311                 dev->vqs[i].ubuf_info = NULL;
312                 dev->vqs[i].dev = dev;
313                 mutex_init(&dev->vqs[i].mutex);
314                 vhost_vq_reset(dev, dev->vqs + i);
315                 if (dev->vqs[i].handle_kick)
316                         vhost_poll_init(&dev->vqs[i].poll,
317                                         dev->vqs[i].handle_kick, POLLIN, dev);
318         }
319
320         return 0;
321 }
322
323 /* Caller should have device mutex */
324 long vhost_dev_check_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev)
325 {
326         /* Are you the owner? If not, I don't think you mean to do that */
327         return dev->mm == current->mm ? 0 : -EPERM;
328 }
329
330 struct vhost_attach_cgroups_struct {
331         struct vhost_work work;
332         struct task_struct *owner;
333         int ret;
334 };
335
336 static void vhost_attach_cgroups_work(struct vhost_work *work)
337 {
338         struct vhost_attach_cgroups_struct *s;
339
340         s = container_of(work, struct vhost_attach_cgroups_struct, work);
341         s->ret = cgroup_attach_task_all(s->owner, current);
342 }
343
344 static int vhost_attach_cgroups(struct vhost_dev *dev)
345 {
346         struct vhost_attach_cgroups_struct attach;
347
348         attach.owner = current;
349         vhost_work_init(&attach.work, vhost_attach_cgroups_work);
350         vhost_work_queue(dev, &attach.work);
351         vhost_work_flush(dev, &attach.work);
352         return attach.ret;
353 }
354
355 /* Caller should have device mutex */
356 static long vhost_dev_set_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev)
357 {
358         struct task_struct *worker;
359         int err;
360
361         /* Is there an owner already? */
362         if (dev->mm) {
363                 err = -EBUSY;
364                 goto err_mm;
365         }
366
367         /* No owner, become one */
368         dev->mm = get_task_mm(current);
369         worker = kthread_create(vhost_worker, dev, "vhost-%d", current->pid);
370         if (IS_ERR(worker)) {
371                 err = PTR_ERR(worker);
372                 goto err_worker;
373         }
374
375         dev->worker = worker;
376         wake_up_process(worker);        /* avoid contributing to loadavg */
377
378         err = vhost_attach_cgroups(dev);
379         if (err)
380                 goto err_cgroup;
381
382         err = vhost_dev_alloc_iovecs(dev);
383         if (err)
384                 goto err_cgroup;
385
386         return 0;
387 err_cgroup:
388         kthread_stop(worker);
389         dev->worker = NULL;
390 err_worker:
391         if (dev->mm)
392                 mmput(dev->mm);
393         dev->mm = NULL;
394 err_mm:
395         return err;
396 }
397
398 /* Caller should have device mutex */
399 long vhost_dev_reset_owner(struct vhost_dev *dev)
400 {
401         struct vhost_memory *memory;
402
403         /* Restore memory to default empty mapping. */
404         memory = kmalloc(offsetof(struct vhost_memory, regions), GFP_KERNEL);
405         if (!memory)
406                 return -ENOMEM;
407
408         vhost_dev_cleanup(dev, true);
409
410         memory->nregions = 0;
411         RCU_INIT_POINTER(dev->memory, memory);
412         return 0;
413 }
414
415 /* In case of DMA done not in order in lower device driver for some reason.
416  * upend_idx is used to track end of used idx, done_idx is used to track head
417  * of used idx. Once lower device DMA done contiguously, we will signal KVM
418  * guest used idx.
419  */
420 int vhost_zerocopy_signal_used(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
421 {
422         int i;
423         int j = 0;
424
425         for (i = vq->done_idx; i != vq->upend_idx; i = (i + 1) % UIO_MAXIOV) {
426                 if ((vq->heads[i].len == VHOST_DMA_DONE_LEN)) {
427                         vq->heads[i].len = VHOST_DMA_CLEAR_LEN;
428                         vhost_add_used_and_signal(vq->dev, vq,
429                                                   vq->heads[i].id, 0);
430                         ++j;
431                 } else
432                         break;
433         }
434         if (j)
435                 vq->done_idx = i;
436         return j;
437 }
438
439 /* Caller should have device mutex if and only if locked is set */
440 void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev *dev, bool locked)
441 {
442         int i;
443
444         for (i = 0; i < dev->nvqs; ++i) {
445                 if (dev->vqs[i].kick && dev->vqs[i].handle_kick) {
446                         vhost_poll_stop(&dev->vqs[i].poll);
447                         vhost_poll_flush(&dev->vqs[i].poll);
448                 }
449                 /* Wait for all lower device DMAs done. */
450                 if (dev->vqs[i].ubufs)
451                         vhost_ubuf_put_and_wait(dev->vqs[i].ubufs);
452
453                 /* Signal guest as appropriate. */
454                 vhost_zerocopy_signal_used(&dev->vqs[i]);
455
456                 if (dev->vqs[i].error_ctx)
457                         eventfd_ctx_put(dev->vqs[i].error_ctx);
458                 if (dev->vqs[i].error)
459                         fput(dev->vqs[i].error);
460                 if (dev->vqs[i].kick)
461                         fput(dev->vqs[i].kick);
462                 if (dev->vqs[i].call_ctx)
463                         eventfd_ctx_put(dev->vqs[i].call_ctx);
464                 if (dev->vqs[i].call)
465                         fput(dev->vqs[i].call);
466                 vhost_vq_reset(dev, dev->vqs + i);
467         }
468         vhost_dev_free_iovecs(dev);
469         if (dev->log_ctx)
470                 eventfd_ctx_put(dev->log_ctx);
471         dev->log_ctx = NULL;
472         if (dev->log_file)
473                 fput(dev->log_file);
474         dev->log_file = NULL;
475         /* No one will access memory at this point */
476         kfree(rcu_dereference_protected(dev->memory,
477                                         locked ==
478                                                 lockdep_is_held(&dev->mutex)));
479         RCU_INIT_POINTER(dev->memory, NULL);
480         WARN_ON(!list_empty(&dev->work_list));
481         if (dev->worker) {
482                 kthread_stop(dev->worker);
483                 dev->worker = NULL;
484         }
485         if (dev->mm)
486                 mmput(dev->mm);
487         dev->mm = NULL;
488 }
489
490 static int log_access_ok(void __user *log_base, u64 addr, unsigned long sz)
491 {
492         u64 a = addr / VHOST_PAGE_SIZE / 8;
493
494         /* Make sure 64 bit math will not overflow. */
495         if (a > ULONG_MAX - (unsigned long)log_base ||
496             a + (unsigned long)log_base > ULONG_MAX)
497                 return 0;
498
499         return access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, log_base + a,
500                          (sz + VHOST_PAGE_SIZE * 8 - 1) / VHOST_PAGE_SIZE / 8);
501 }
502
503 /* Caller should have vq mutex and device mutex. */
504 static int vq_memory_access_ok(void __user *log_base, struct vhost_memory *mem,
505                                int log_all)
506 {
507         int i;
508
509         if (!mem)
510                 return 0;
511
512         for (i = 0; i < mem->nregions; ++i) {
513                 struct vhost_memory_region *m = mem->regions + i;
514                 unsigned long a = m->userspace_addr;
515                 if (m->memory_size > ULONG_MAX)
516                         return 0;
517                 else if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, (void __user *)a,
518                                     m->memory_size))
519                         return 0;
520                 else if (log_all && !log_access_ok(log_base,
521                                                    m->guest_phys_addr,
522                                                    m->memory_size))
523                         return 0;
524         }
525         return 1;
526 }
527
528 /* Can we switch to this memory table? */
529 /* Caller should have device mutex but not vq mutex */
530 static int memory_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_memory *mem,
531                             int log_all)
532 {
533         int i;
534
535         for (i = 0; i < d->nvqs; ++i) {
536                 int ok;
537                 mutex_lock(&d->vqs[i].mutex);
538                 /* If ring is inactive, will check when it's enabled. */
539                 if (d->vqs[i].private_data)
540                         ok = vq_memory_access_ok(d->vqs[i].log_base, mem,
541                                                  log_all);
542                 else
543                         ok = 1;
544                 mutex_unlock(&d->vqs[i].mutex);
545                 if (!ok)
546                         return 0;
547         }
548         return 1;
549 }
550
551 static int vq_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *d, unsigned int num,
552                         struct vring_desc __user *desc,
553                         struct vring_avail __user *avail,
554                         struct vring_used __user *used)
555 {
556         size_t s = vhost_has_feature(d, VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX) ? 2 : 0;
557         return access_ok(VERIFY_READ, desc, num * sizeof *desc) &&
558                access_ok(VERIFY_READ, avail,
559                          sizeof *avail + num * sizeof *avail->ring + s) &&
560                access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, used,
561                         sizeof *used + num * sizeof *used->ring + s);
562 }
563
564 /* Can we log writes? */
565 /* Caller should have device mutex but not vq mutex */
566 int vhost_log_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *dev)
567 {
568         struct vhost_memory *mp;
569
570         mp = rcu_dereference_protected(dev->memory,
571                                        lockdep_is_held(&dev->mutex));
572         return memory_access_ok(dev, mp, 1);
573 }
574
575 /* Verify access for write logging. */
576 /* Caller should have vq mutex and device mutex */
577 static int vq_log_access_ok(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
578                             void __user *log_base)
579 {
580         struct vhost_memory *mp;
581         size_t s = vhost_has_feature(d, VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX) ? 2 : 0;
582
583         mp = rcu_dereference_protected(vq->dev->memory,
584                                        lockdep_is_held(&vq->mutex));
585         return vq_memory_access_ok(log_base, mp,
586                             vhost_has_feature(vq->dev, VHOST_F_LOG_ALL)) &&
587                 (!vq->log_used || log_access_ok(log_base, vq->log_addr,
588                                         sizeof *vq->used +
589                                         vq->num * sizeof *vq->used->ring + s));
590 }
591
592 /* Can we start vq? */
593 /* Caller should have vq mutex and device mutex */
594 int vhost_vq_access_ok(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
595 {
596         return vq_access_ok(vq->dev, vq->num, vq->desc, vq->avail, vq->used) &&
597                 vq_log_access_ok(vq->dev, vq, vq->log_base);
598 }
599
600 static long vhost_set_memory(struct vhost_dev *d, struct vhost_memory __user *m)
601 {
602         struct vhost_memory mem, *newmem, *oldmem;
603         unsigned long size = offsetof(struct vhost_memory, regions);
604
605         if (copy_from_user(&mem, m, size))
606                 return -EFAULT;
607         if (mem.padding)
608                 return -EOPNOTSUPP;
609         if (mem.nregions > VHOST_MEMORY_MAX_NREGIONS)
610                 return -E2BIG;
611         newmem = kmalloc(size + mem.nregions * sizeof *m->regions, GFP_KERNEL);
612         if (!newmem)
613                 return -ENOMEM;
614
615         memcpy(newmem, &mem, size);
616         if (copy_from_user(newmem->regions, m->regions,
617                            mem.nregions * sizeof *m->regions)) {
618                 kfree(newmem);
619                 return -EFAULT;
620         }
621
622         if (!memory_access_ok(d, newmem,
623                               vhost_has_feature(d, VHOST_F_LOG_ALL))) {
624                 kfree(newmem);
625                 return -EFAULT;
626         }
627         oldmem = rcu_dereference_protected(d->memory,
628                                            lockdep_is_held(&d->mutex));
629         rcu_assign_pointer(d->memory, newmem);
630         synchronize_rcu();
631         kfree(oldmem);
632         return 0;
633 }
634
635 static long vhost_set_vring(struct vhost_dev *d, int ioctl, void __user *argp)
636 {
637         struct file *eventfp, *filep = NULL,
638                     *pollstart = NULL, *pollstop = NULL;
639         struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = NULL;
640         u32 __user *idxp = argp;
641         struct vhost_virtqueue *vq;
642         struct vhost_vring_state s;
643         struct vhost_vring_file f;
644         struct vhost_vring_addr a;
645         u32 idx;
646         long r;
647
648         r = get_user(idx, idxp);
649         if (r < 0)
650                 return r;
651         if (idx >= d->nvqs)
652                 return -ENOBUFS;
653
654         vq = d->vqs + idx;
655
656         mutex_lock(&vq->mutex);
657
658         switch (ioctl) {
659         case VHOST_SET_VRING_NUM:
660                 /* Resizing ring with an active backend?
661                  * You don't want to do that. */
662                 if (vq->private_data) {
663                         r = -EBUSY;
664                         break;
665                 }
666                 if (copy_from_user(&s, argp, sizeof s)) {
667                         r = -EFAULT;
668                         break;
669                 }
670                 if (!s.num || s.num > 0xffff || (s.num & (s.num - 1))) {
671                         r = -EINVAL;
672                         break;
673                 }
674                 vq->num = s.num;
675                 break;
676         case VHOST_SET_VRING_BASE:
677                 /* Moving base with an active backend?
678                  * You don't want to do that. */
679                 if (vq->private_data) {
680                         r = -EBUSY;
681                         break;
682                 }
683                 if (copy_from_user(&s, argp, sizeof s)) {
684                         r = -EFAULT;
685                         break;
686                 }
687                 if (s.num > 0xffff) {
688                         r = -EINVAL;
689                         break;
690                 }
691                 vq->last_avail_idx = s.num;
692                 /* Forget the cached index value. */
693                 vq->avail_idx = vq->last_avail_idx;
694                 break;
695         case VHOST_GET_VRING_BASE:
696                 s.index = idx;
697                 s.num = vq->last_avail_idx;
698                 if (copy_to_user(argp, &s, sizeof s))
699                         r = -EFAULT;
700                 break;
701         case VHOST_SET_VRING_ADDR:
702                 if (copy_from_user(&a, argp, sizeof a)) {
703                         r = -EFAULT;
704                         break;
705                 }
706                 if (a.flags & ~(0x1 << VHOST_VRING_F_LOG)) {
707                         r = -EOPNOTSUPP;
708                         break;
709                 }
710                 /* For 32bit, verify that the top 32bits of the user
711                    data are set to zero. */
712                 if ((u64)(unsigned long)a.desc_user_addr != a.desc_user_addr ||
713                     (u64)(unsigned long)a.used_user_addr != a.used_user_addr ||
714                     (u64)(unsigned long)a.avail_user_addr != a.avail_user_addr) {
715                         r = -EFAULT;
716                         break;
717                 }
718                 if ((a.avail_user_addr & (sizeof *vq->avail->ring - 1)) ||
719                     (a.used_user_addr & (sizeof *vq->used->ring - 1)) ||
720                     (a.log_guest_addr & (sizeof *vq->used->ring - 1))) {
721                         r = -EINVAL;
722                         break;
723                 }
724
725                 /* We only verify access here if backend is configured.
726                  * If it is not, we don't as size might not have been setup.
727                  * We will verify when backend is configured. */
728                 if (vq->private_data) {
729                         if (!vq_access_ok(d, vq->num,
730                                 (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.desc_user_addr,
731                                 (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.avail_user_addr,
732                                 (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.used_user_addr)) {
733                                 r = -EINVAL;
734                                 break;
735                         }
736
737                         /* Also validate log access for used ring if enabled. */
738                         if ((a.flags & (0x1 << VHOST_VRING_F_LOG)) &&
739                             !log_access_ok(vq->log_base, a.log_guest_addr,
740                                            sizeof *vq->used +
741                                            vq->num * sizeof *vq->used->ring)) {
742                                 r = -EINVAL;
743                                 break;
744                         }
745                 }
746
747                 vq->log_used = !!(a.flags & (0x1 << VHOST_VRING_F_LOG));
748                 vq->desc = (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.desc_user_addr;
749                 vq->avail = (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.avail_user_addr;
750                 vq->log_addr = a.log_guest_addr;
751                 vq->used = (void __user *)(unsigned long)a.used_user_addr;
752                 break;
753         case VHOST_SET_VRING_KICK:
754                 if (copy_from_user(&f, argp, sizeof f)) {
755                         r = -EFAULT;
756                         break;
757                 }
758                 eventfp = f.fd == -1 ? NULL : eventfd_fget(f.fd);
759                 if (IS_ERR(eventfp)) {
760                         r = PTR_ERR(eventfp);
761                         break;
762                 }
763                 if (eventfp != vq->kick) {
764                         pollstop = filep = vq->kick;
765                         pollstart = vq->kick = eventfp;
766                 } else
767                         filep = eventfp;
768                 break;
769         case VHOST_SET_VRING_CALL:
770                 if (copy_from_user(&f, argp, sizeof f)) {
771                         r = -EFAULT;
772                         break;
773                 }
774                 eventfp = f.fd == -1 ? NULL : eventfd_fget(f.fd);
775                 if (IS_ERR(eventfp)) {
776                         r = PTR_ERR(eventfp);
777                         break;
778                 }
779                 if (eventfp != vq->call) {
780                         filep = vq->call;
781                         ctx = vq->call_ctx;
782                         vq->call = eventfp;
783                         vq->call_ctx = eventfp ?
784                                 eventfd_ctx_fileget(eventfp) : NULL;
785                 } else
786                         filep = eventfp;
787                 break;
788         case VHOST_SET_VRING_ERR:
789                 if (copy_from_user(&f, argp, sizeof f)) {
790                         r = -EFAULT;
791                         break;
792                 }
793                 eventfp = f.fd == -1 ? NULL : eventfd_fget(f.fd);
794                 if (IS_ERR(eventfp)) {
795                         r = PTR_ERR(eventfp);
796                         break;
797                 }
798                 if (eventfp != vq->error) {
799                         filep = vq->error;
800                         vq->error = eventfp;
801                         ctx = vq->error_ctx;
802                         vq->error_ctx = eventfp ?
803                                 eventfd_ctx_fileget(eventfp) : NULL;
804                 } else
805                         filep = eventfp;
806                 break;
807         default:
808                 r = -ENOIOCTLCMD;
809         }
810
811         if (pollstop && vq->handle_kick)
812                 vhost_poll_stop(&vq->poll);
813
814         if (ctx)
815                 eventfd_ctx_put(ctx);
816         if (filep)
817                 fput(filep);
818
819         if (pollstart && vq->handle_kick)
820                 vhost_poll_start(&vq->poll, vq->kick);
821
822         mutex_unlock(&vq->mutex);
823
824         if (pollstop && vq->handle_kick)
825                 vhost_poll_flush(&vq->poll);
826         return r;
827 }
828
829 /* Caller must have device mutex */
830 long vhost_dev_ioctl(struct vhost_dev *d, unsigned int ioctl, unsigned long arg)
831 {
832         void __user *argp = (void __user *)arg;
833         struct file *eventfp, *filep = NULL;
834         struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = NULL;
835         u64 p;
836         long r;
837         int i, fd;
838
839         /* If you are not the owner, you can become one */
840         if (ioctl == VHOST_SET_OWNER) {
841                 r = vhost_dev_set_owner(d);
842                 goto done;
843         }
844
845         /* You must be the owner to do anything else */
846         r = vhost_dev_check_owner(d);
847         if (r)
848                 goto done;
849
850         switch (ioctl) {
851         case VHOST_SET_MEM_TABLE:
852                 r = vhost_set_memory(d, argp);
853                 break;
854         case VHOST_SET_LOG_BASE:
855                 if (copy_from_user(&p, argp, sizeof p)) {
856                         r = -EFAULT;
857                         break;
858                 }
859                 if ((u64)(unsigned long)p != p) {
860                         r = -EFAULT;
861                         break;
862                 }
863                 for (i = 0; i < d->nvqs; ++i) {
864                         struct vhost_virtqueue *vq;
865                         void __user *base = (void __user *)(unsigned long)p;
866                         vq = d->vqs + i;
867                         mutex_lock(&vq->mutex);
868                         /* If ring is inactive, will check when it's enabled. */
869                         if (vq->private_data && !vq_log_access_ok(d, vq, base))
870                                 r = -EFAULT;
871                         else
872                                 vq->log_base = base;
873                         mutex_unlock(&vq->mutex);
874                 }
875                 break;
876         case VHOST_SET_LOG_FD:
877                 r = get_user(fd, (int __user *)argp);
878                 if (r < 0)
879                         break;
880                 eventfp = fd == -1 ? NULL : eventfd_fget(fd);
881                 if (IS_ERR(eventfp)) {
882                         r = PTR_ERR(eventfp);
883                         break;
884                 }
885                 if (eventfp != d->log_file) {
886                         filep = d->log_file;
887                         ctx = d->log_ctx;
888                         d->log_ctx = eventfp ?
889                                 eventfd_ctx_fileget(eventfp) : NULL;
890                 } else
891                         filep = eventfp;
892                 for (i = 0; i < d->nvqs; ++i) {
893                         mutex_lock(&d->vqs[i].mutex);
894                         d->vqs[i].log_ctx = d->log_ctx;
895                         mutex_unlock(&d->vqs[i].mutex);
896                 }
897                 if (ctx)
898                         eventfd_ctx_put(ctx);
899                 if (filep)
900                         fput(filep);
901                 break;
902         default:
903                 r = vhost_set_vring(d, ioctl, argp);
904                 break;
905         }
906 done:
907         return r;
908 }
909
910 static const struct vhost_memory_region *find_region(struct vhost_memory *mem,
911                                                      __u64 addr, __u32 len)
912 {
913         struct vhost_memory_region *reg;
914         int i;
915
916         /* linear search is not brilliant, but we really have on the order of 6
917          * regions in practice */
918         for (i = 0; i < mem->nregions; ++i) {
919                 reg = mem->regions + i;
920                 if (reg->guest_phys_addr <= addr &&
921                     reg->guest_phys_addr + reg->memory_size - 1 >= addr)
922                         return reg;
923         }
924         return NULL;
925 }
926
927 /* TODO: This is really inefficient.  We need something like get_user()
928  * (instruction directly accesses the data, with an exception table entry
929  * returning -EFAULT). See Documentation/x86/exception-tables.txt.
930  */
931 static int set_bit_to_user(int nr, void __user *addr)
932 {
933         unsigned long log = (unsigned long)addr;
934         struct page *page;
935         void *base;
936         int bit = nr + (log % PAGE_SIZE) * 8;
937         int r;
938
939         r = get_user_pages_fast(log, 1, 1, &page);
940         if (r < 0)
941                 return r;
942         BUG_ON(r != 1);
943         base = kmap_atomic(page);
944         set_bit(bit, base);
945         kunmap_atomic(base);
946         set_page_dirty_lock(page);
947         put_page(page);
948         return 0;
949 }
950
951 static int log_write(void __user *log_base,
952                      u64 write_address, u64 write_length)
953 {
954         u64 write_page = write_address / VHOST_PAGE_SIZE;
955         int r;
956
957         if (!write_length)
958                 return 0;
959         write_length += write_address % VHOST_PAGE_SIZE;
960         for (;;) {
961                 u64 base = (u64)(unsigned long)log_base;
962                 u64 log = base + write_page / 8;
963                 int bit = write_page % 8;
964                 if ((u64)(unsigned long)log != log)
965                         return -EFAULT;
966                 r = set_bit_to_user(bit, (void __user *)(unsigned long)log);
967                 if (r < 0)
968                         return r;
969                 if (write_length <= VHOST_PAGE_SIZE)
970                         break;
971                 write_length -= VHOST_PAGE_SIZE;
972                 write_page += 1;
973         }
974         return r;
975 }
976
977 int vhost_log_write(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, struct vhost_log *log,
978                     unsigned int log_num, u64 len)
979 {
980         int i, r;
981
982         /* Make sure data written is seen before log. */
983         smp_wmb();
984         for (i = 0; i < log_num; ++i) {
985                 u64 l = min(log[i].len, len);
986                 r = log_write(vq->log_base, log[i].addr, l);
987                 if (r < 0)
988                         return r;
989                 len -= l;
990                 if (!len) {
991                         if (vq->log_ctx)
992                                 eventfd_signal(vq->log_ctx, 1);
993                         return 0;
994                 }
995         }
996         /* Length written exceeds what we have stored. This is a bug. */
997         BUG();
998         return 0;
999 }
1000
1001 static int vhost_update_used_flags(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
1002 {
1003         void __user *used;
1004         if (__put_user(vq->used_flags, &vq->used->flags) < 0)
1005                 return -EFAULT;
1006         if (unlikely(vq->log_used)) {
1007                 /* Make sure the flag is seen before log. */
1008                 smp_wmb();
1009                 /* Log used flag write. */
1010                 used = &vq->used->flags;
1011                 log_write(vq->log_base, vq->log_addr +
1012                           (used - (void __user *)vq->used),
1013                           sizeof vq->used->flags);
1014                 if (vq->log_ctx)
1015                         eventfd_signal(vq->log_ctx, 1);
1016         }
1017         return 0;
1018 }
1019
1020 static int vhost_update_avail_event(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, u16 avail_event)
1021 {
1022         if (__put_user(vq->avail_idx, vhost_avail_event(vq)))
1023                 return -EFAULT;
1024         if (unlikely(vq->log_used)) {
1025                 void __user *used;
1026                 /* Make sure the event is seen before log. */
1027                 smp_wmb();
1028                 /* Log avail event write */
1029                 used = vhost_avail_event(vq);
1030                 log_write(vq->log_base, vq->log_addr +
1031                           (used - (void __user *)vq->used),
1032                           sizeof *vhost_avail_event(vq));
1033                 if (vq->log_ctx)
1034                         eventfd_signal(vq->log_ctx, 1);
1035         }
1036         return 0;
1037 }
1038
1039 int vhost_init_used(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
1040 {
1041         int r;
1042         if (!vq->private_data)
1043                 return 0;
1044
1045         r = vhost_update_used_flags(vq);
1046         if (r)
1047                 return r;
1048         vq->signalled_used_valid = false;
1049         return get_user(vq->last_used_idx, &vq->used->idx);
1050 }
1051
1052 static int translate_desc(struct vhost_dev *dev, u64 addr, u32 len,
1053                           struct iovec iov[], int iov_size)
1054 {
1055         const struct vhost_memory_region *reg;
1056         struct vhost_memory *mem;
1057         struct iovec *_iov;
1058         u64 s = 0;
1059         int ret = 0;
1060
1061         rcu_read_lock();
1062
1063         mem = rcu_dereference(dev->memory);
1064         while ((u64)len > s) {
1065                 u64 size;
1066                 if (unlikely(ret >= iov_size)) {
1067                         ret = -ENOBUFS;
1068                         break;
1069                 }
1070                 reg = find_region(mem, addr, len);
1071                 if (unlikely(!reg)) {
1072                         ret = -EFAULT;
1073                         break;
1074                 }
1075                 _iov = iov + ret;
1076                 size = reg->memory_size - addr + reg->guest_phys_addr;
1077                 _iov->iov_len = min((u64)len - s, size);
1078                 _iov->iov_base = (void __user *)(unsigned long)
1079                         (reg->userspace_addr + addr - reg->guest_phys_addr);
1080                 s += size;
1081                 addr += size;
1082                 ++ret;
1083         }
1084
1085         rcu_read_unlock();
1086         return ret;
1087 }
1088
1089 /* Each buffer in the virtqueues is actually a chain of descriptors.  This
1090  * function returns the next descriptor in the chain,
1091  * or -1U if we're at the end. */
1092 static unsigned next_desc(struct vring_desc *desc)
1093 {
1094         unsigned int next;
1095
1096         /* If this descriptor says it doesn't chain, we're done. */
1097         if (!(desc->flags & VRING_DESC_F_NEXT))
1098                 return -1U;
1099
1100         /* Check they're not leading us off end of descriptors. */
1101         next = desc->next;
1102         /* Make sure compiler knows to grab that: we don't want it changing! */
1103         /* We will use the result as an index in an array, so most
1104          * architectures only need a compiler barrier here. */
1105         read_barrier_depends();
1106
1107         return next;
1108 }
1109
1110 static int get_indirect(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
1111                         struct iovec iov[], unsigned int iov_size,
1112                         unsigned int *out_num, unsigned int *in_num,
1113                         struct vhost_log *log, unsigned int *log_num,
1114                         struct vring_desc *indirect)
1115 {
1116         struct vring_desc desc;
1117         unsigned int i = 0, count, found = 0;
1118         int ret;
1119
1120         /* Sanity check */
1121         if (unlikely(indirect->len % sizeof desc)) {
1122                 vq_err(vq, "Invalid length in indirect descriptor: "
1123                        "len 0x%llx not multiple of 0x%zx\n",
1124                        (unsigned long long)indirect->len,
1125                        sizeof desc);
1126                 return -EINVAL;
1127         }
1128
1129         ret = translate_desc(dev, indirect->addr, indirect->len, vq->indirect,
1130                              UIO_MAXIOV);
1131         if (unlikely(ret < 0)) {
1132                 vq_err(vq, "Translation failure %d in indirect.\n", ret);
1133                 return ret;
1134         }
1135
1136         /* We will use the result as an address to read from, so most
1137          * architectures only need a compiler barrier here. */
1138         read_barrier_depends();
1139
1140         count = indirect->len / sizeof desc;
1141         /* Buffers are chained via a 16 bit next field, so
1142          * we can have at most 2^16 of these. */
1143         if (unlikely(count > USHRT_MAX + 1)) {
1144                 vq_err(vq, "Indirect buffer length too big: %d\n",
1145                        indirect->len);
1146                 return -E2BIG;
1147         }
1148
1149         do {
1150                 unsigned iov_count = *in_num + *out_num;
1151                 if (unlikely(++found > count)) {
1152                         vq_err(vq, "Loop detected: last one at %u "
1153                                "indirect size %u\n",
1154                                i, count);
1155                         return -EINVAL;
1156                 }
1157                 if (unlikely(memcpy_fromiovec((unsigned char *)&desc,
1158                                               vq->indirect, sizeof desc))) {
1159                         vq_err(vq, "Failed indirect descriptor: idx %d, %zx\n",
1160                                i, (size_t)indirect->addr + i * sizeof desc);
1161                         return -EINVAL;
1162                 }
1163                 if (unlikely(desc.flags & VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT)) {
1164                         vq_err(vq, "Nested indirect descriptor: idx %d, %zx\n",
1165                                i, (size_t)indirect->addr + i * sizeof desc);
1166                         return -EINVAL;
1167                 }
1168
1169                 ret = translate_desc(dev, desc.addr, desc.len, iov + iov_count,
1170                                      iov_size - iov_count);
1171                 if (unlikely(ret < 0)) {
1172                         vq_err(vq, "Translation failure %d indirect idx %d\n",
1173                                ret, i);
1174                         return ret;
1175                 }
1176                 /* If this is an input descriptor, increment that count. */
1177                 if (desc.flags & VRING_DESC_F_WRITE) {
1178                         *in_num += ret;
1179                         if (unlikely(log)) {
1180                                 log[*log_num].addr = desc.addr;
1181                                 log[*log_num].len = desc.len;
1182                                 ++*log_num;
1183                         }
1184                 } else {
1185                         /* If it's an output descriptor, they're all supposed
1186                          * to come before any input descriptors. */
1187                         if (unlikely(*in_num)) {
1188                                 vq_err(vq, "Indirect descriptor "
1189                                        "has out after in: idx %d\n", i);
1190                                 return -EINVAL;
1191                         }
1192                         *out_num += ret;
1193                 }
1194         } while ((i = next_desc(&desc)) != -1);
1195         return 0;
1196 }
1197
1198 /* This looks in the virtqueue and for the first available buffer, and converts
1199  * it to an iovec for convenient access.  Since descriptors consist of some
1200  * number of output then some number of input descriptors, it's actually two
1201  * iovecs, but we pack them into one and note how many of each there were.
1202  *
1203  * This function returns the descriptor number found, or vq->num (which is
1204  * never a valid descriptor number) if none was found.  A negative code is
1205  * returned on error. */
1206 int vhost_get_vq_desc(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
1207                       struct iovec iov[], unsigned int iov_size,
1208                       unsigned int *out_num, unsigned int *in_num,
1209                       struct vhost_log *log, unsigned int *log_num)
1210 {
1211         struct vring_desc desc;
1212         unsigned int i, head, found = 0;
1213         u16 last_avail_idx;
1214         int ret;
1215
1216         /* Check it isn't doing very strange things with descriptor numbers. */
1217         last_avail_idx = vq->last_avail_idx;
1218         if (unlikely(__get_user(vq->avail_idx, &vq->avail->idx))) {
1219                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to access avail idx at %p\n",
1220                        &vq->avail->idx);
1221                 return -EFAULT;
1222         }
1223
1224         if (unlikely((u16)(vq->avail_idx - last_avail_idx) > vq->num)) {
1225                 vq_err(vq, "Guest moved used index from %u to %u",
1226                        last_avail_idx, vq->avail_idx);
1227                 return -EFAULT;
1228         }
1229
1230         /* If there's nothing new since last we looked, return invalid. */
1231         if (vq->avail_idx == last_avail_idx)
1232                 return vq->num;
1233
1234         /* Only get avail ring entries after they have been exposed by guest. */
1235         smp_rmb();
1236
1237         /* Grab the next descriptor number they're advertising, and increment
1238          * the index we've seen. */
1239         if (unlikely(__get_user(head,
1240                                 &vq->avail->ring[last_avail_idx % vq->num]))) {
1241                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to read head: idx %d address %p\n",
1242                        last_avail_idx,
1243                        &vq->avail->ring[last_avail_idx % vq->num]);
1244                 return -EFAULT;
1245         }
1246
1247         /* If their number is silly, that's an error. */
1248         if (unlikely(head >= vq->num)) {
1249                 vq_err(vq, "Guest says index %u > %u is available",
1250                        head, vq->num);
1251                 return -EINVAL;
1252         }
1253
1254         /* When we start there are none of either input nor output. */
1255         *out_num = *in_num = 0;
1256         if (unlikely(log))
1257                 *log_num = 0;
1258
1259         i = head;
1260         do {
1261                 unsigned iov_count = *in_num + *out_num;
1262                 if (unlikely(i >= vq->num)) {
1263                         vq_err(vq, "Desc index is %u > %u, head = %u",
1264                                i, vq->num, head);
1265                         return -EINVAL;
1266                 }
1267                 if (unlikely(++found > vq->num)) {
1268                         vq_err(vq, "Loop detected: last one at %u "
1269                                "vq size %u head %u\n",
1270                                i, vq->num, head);
1271                         return -EINVAL;
1272                 }
1273                 ret = __copy_from_user(&desc, vq->desc + i, sizeof desc);
1274                 if (unlikely(ret)) {
1275                         vq_err(vq, "Failed to get descriptor: idx %d addr %p\n",
1276                                i, vq->desc + i);
1277                         return -EFAULT;
1278                 }
1279                 if (desc.flags & VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT) {
1280                         ret = get_indirect(dev, vq, iov, iov_size,
1281                                            out_num, in_num,
1282                                            log, log_num, &desc);
1283                         if (unlikely(ret < 0)) {
1284                                 vq_err(vq, "Failure detected "
1285                                        "in indirect descriptor at idx %d\n", i);
1286                                 return ret;
1287                         }
1288                         continue;
1289                 }
1290
1291                 ret = translate_desc(dev, desc.addr, desc.len, iov + iov_count,
1292                                      iov_size - iov_count);
1293                 if (unlikely(ret < 0)) {
1294                         vq_err(vq, "Translation failure %d descriptor idx %d\n",
1295                                ret, i);
1296                         return ret;
1297                 }
1298                 if (desc.flags & VRING_DESC_F_WRITE) {
1299                         /* If this is an input descriptor,
1300                          * increment that count. */
1301                         *in_num += ret;
1302                         if (unlikely(log)) {
1303                                 log[*log_num].addr = desc.addr;
1304                                 log[*log_num].len = desc.len;
1305                                 ++*log_num;
1306                         }
1307                 } else {
1308                         /* If it's an output descriptor, they're all supposed
1309                          * to come before any input descriptors. */
1310                         if (unlikely(*in_num)) {
1311                                 vq_err(vq, "Descriptor has out after in: "
1312                                        "idx %d\n", i);
1313                                 return -EINVAL;
1314                         }
1315                         *out_num += ret;
1316                 }
1317         } while ((i = next_desc(&desc)) != -1);
1318
1319         /* On success, increment avail index. */
1320         vq->last_avail_idx++;
1321
1322         /* Assume notifications from guest are disabled at this point,
1323          * if they aren't we would need to update avail_event index. */
1324         BUG_ON(!(vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY));
1325         return head;
1326 }
1327
1328 /* Reverse the effect of vhost_get_vq_desc. Useful for error handling. */
1329 void vhost_discard_vq_desc(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, int n)
1330 {
1331         vq->last_avail_idx -= n;
1332 }
1333
1334 /* After we've used one of their buffers, we tell them about it.  We'll then
1335  * want to notify the guest, using eventfd. */
1336 int vhost_add_used(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, unsigned int head, int len)
1337 {
1338         struct vring_used_elem __user *used;
1339
1340         /* The virtqueue contains a ring of used buffers.  Get a pointer to the
1341          * next entry in that used ring. */
1342         used = &vq->used->ring[vq->last_used_idx % vq->num];
1343         if (__put_user(head, &used->id)) {
1344                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to write used id");
1345                 return -EFAULT;
1346         }
1347         if (__put_user(len, &used->len)) {
1348                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to write used len");
1349                 return -EFAULT;
1350         }
1351         /* Make sure buffer is written before we update index. */
1352         smp_wmb();
1353         if (__put_user(vq->last_used_idx + 1, &vq->used->idx)) {
1354                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to increment used idx");
1355                 return -EFAULT;
1356         }
1357         if (unlikely(vq->log_used)) {
1358                 /* Make sure data is seen before log. */
1359                 smp_wmb();
1360                 /* Log used ring entry write. */
1361                 log_write(vq->log_base,
1362                           vq->log_addr +
1363                            ((void __user *)used - (void __user *)vq->used),
1364                           sizeof *used);
1365                 /* Log used index update. */
1366                 log_write(vq->log_base,
1367                           vq->log_addr + offsetof(struct vring_used, idx),
1368                           sizeof vq->used->idx);
1369                 if (vq->log_ctx)
1370                         eventfd_signal(vq->log_ctx, 1);
1371         }
1372         vq->last_used_idx++;
1373         /* If the driver never bothers to signal in a very long while,
1374          * used index might wrap around. If that happens, invalidate
1375          * signalled_used index we stored. TODO: make sure driver
1376          * signals at least once in 2^16 and remove this. */
1377         if (unlikely(vq->last_used_idx == vq->signalled_used))
1378                 vq->signalled_used_valid = false;
1379         return 0;
1380 }
1381
1382 static int __vhost_add_used_n(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
1383                             struct vring_used_elem *heads,
1384                             unsigned count)
1385 {
1386         struct vring_used_elem __user *used;
1387         u16 old, new;
1388         int start;
1389
1390         start = vq->last_used_idx % vq->num;
1391         used = vq->used->ring + start;
1392         if (__copy_to_user(used, heads, count * sizeof *used)) {
1393                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to write used");
1394                 return -EFAULT;
1395         }
1396         if (unlikely(vq->log_used)) {
1397                 /* Make sure data is seen before log. */
1398                 smp_wmb();
1399                 /* Log used ring entry write. */
1400                 log_write(vq->log_base,
1401                           vq->log_addr +
1402                            ((void __user *)used - (void __user *)vq->used),
1403                           count * sizeof *used);
1404         }
1405         old = vq->last_used_idx;
1406         new = (vq->last_used_idx += count);
1407         /* If the driver never bothers to signal in a very long while,
1408          * used index might wrap around. If that happens, invalidate
1409          * signalled_used index we stored. TODO: make sure driver
1410          * signals at least once in 2^16 and remove this. */
1411         if (unlikely((u16)(new - vq->signalled_used) < (u16)(new - old)))
1412                 vq->signalled_used_valid = false;
1413         return 0;
1414 }
1415
1416 /* After we've used one of their buffers, we tell them about it.  We'll then
1417  * want to notify the guest, using eventfd. */
1418 int vhost_add_used_n(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq, struct vring_used_elem *heads,
1419                      unsigned count)
1420 {
1421         int start, n, r;
1422
1423         start = vq->last_used_idx % vq->num;
1424         n = vq->num - start;
1425         if (n < count) {
1426                 r = __vhost_add_used_n(vq, heads, n);
1427                 if (r < 0)
1428                         return r;
1429                 heads += n;
1430                 count -= n;
1431         }
1432         r = __vhost_add_used_n(vq, heads, count);
1433
1434         /* Make sure buffer is written before we update index. */
1435         smp_wmb();
1436         if (put_user(vq->last_used_idx, &vq->used->idx)) {
1437                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to increment used idx");
1438                 return -EFAULT;
1439         }
1440         if (unlikely(vq->log_used)) {
1441                 /* Log used index update. */
1442                 log_write(vq->log_base,
1443                           vq->log_addr + offsetof(struct vring_used, idx),
1444                           sizeof vq->used->idx);
1445                 if (vq->log_ctx)
1446                         eventfd_signal(vq->log_ctx, 1);
1447         }
1448         return r;
1449 }
1450
1451 static bool vhost_notify(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
1452 {
1453         __u16 old, new, event;
1454         bool v;
1455         /* Flush out used index updates. This is paired
1456          * with the barrier that the Guest executes when enabling
1457          * interrupts. */
1458         smp_mb();
1459
1460         if (vhost_has_feature(dev, VIRTIO_F_NOTIFY_ON_EMPTY) &&
1461             unlikely(vq->avail_idx == vq->last_avail_idx))
1462                 return true;
1463
1464         if (!vhost_has_feature(dev, VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX)) {
1465                 __u16 flags;
1466                 if (__get_user(flags, &vq->avail->flags)) {
1467                         vq_err(vq, "Failed to get flags");
1468                         return true;
1469                 }
1470                 return !(flags & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT);
1471         }
1472         old = vq->signalled_used;
1473         v = vq->signalled_used_valid;
1474         new = vq->signalled_used = vq->last_used_idx;
1475         vq->signalled_used_valid = true;
1476
1477         if (unlikely(!v))
1478                 return true;
1479
1480         if (get_user(event, vhost_used_event(vq))) {
1481                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to get used event idx");
1482                 return true;
1483         }
1484         return vring_need_event(event, new, old);
1485 }
1486
1487 /* This actually signals the guest, using eventfd. */
1488 void vhost_signal(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
1489 {
1490         /* Signal the Guest tell them we used something up. */
1491         if (vq->call_ctx && vhost_notify(dev, vq))
1492                 eventfd_signal(vq->call_ctx, 1);
1493 }
1494
1495 /* And here's the combo meal deal.  Supersize me! */
1496 void vhost_add_used_and_signal(struct vhost_dev *dev,
1497                                struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
1498                                unsigned int head, int len)
1499 {
1500         vhost_add_used(vq, head, len);
1501         vhost_signal(dev, vq);
1502 }
1503
1504 /* multi-buffer version of vhost_add_used_and_signal */
1505 void vhost_add_used_and_signal_n(struct vhost_dev *dev,
1506                                  struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
1507                                  struct vring_used_elem *heads, unsigned count)
1508 {
1509         vhost_add_used_n(vq, heads, count);
1510         vhost_signal(dev, vq);
1511 }
1512
1513 /* OK, now we need to know about added descriptors. */
1514 bool vhost_enable_notify(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
1515 {
1516         u16 avail_idx;
1517         int r;
1518
1519         if (!(vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY))
1520                 return false;
1521         vq->used_flags &= ~VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY;
1522         if (!vhost_has_feature(dev, VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX)) {
1523                 r = vhost_update_used_flags(vq);
1524                 if (r) {
1525                         vq_err(vq, "Failed to enable notification at %p: %d\n",
1526                                &vq->used->flags, r);
1527                         return false;
1528                 }
1529         } else {
1530                 r = vhost_update_avail_event(vq, vq->avail_idx);
1531                 if (r) {
1532                         vq_err(vq, "Failed to update avail event index at %p: %d\n",
1533                                vhost_avail_event(vq), r);
1534                         return false;
1535                 }
1536         }
1537         /* They could have slipped one in as we were doing that: make
1538          * sure it's written, then check again. */
1539         smp_mb();
1540         r = __get_user(avail_idx, &vq->avail->idx);
1541         if (r) {
1542                 vq_err(vq, "Failed to check avail idx at %p: %d\n",
1543                        &vq->avail->idx, r);
1544                 return false;
1545         }
1546
1547         return avail_idx != vq->avail_idx;
1548 }
1549
1550 /* We don't need to be notified again. */
1551 void vhost_disable_notify(struct vhost_dev *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
1552 {
1553         int r;
1554
1555         if (vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY)
1556                 return;
1557         vq->used_flags |= VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY;
1558         if (!vhost_has_feature(dev, VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX)) {
1559                 r = vhost_update_used_flags(vq);
1560                 if (r)
1561                         vq_err(vq, "Failed to enable notification at %p: %d\n",
1562                                &vq->used->flags, r);
1563         }
1564 }
1565
1566 static void vhost_zerocopy_done_signal(struct kref *kref)
1567 {
1568         struct vhost_ubuf_ref *ubufs = container_of(kref, struct vhost_ubuf_ref,
1569                                                     kref);
1570         wake_up(&ubufs->wait);
1571 }
1572
1573 struct vhost_ubuf_ref *vhost_ubuf_alloc(struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
1574                                         bool zcopy)
1575 {
1576         struct vhost_ubuf_ref *ubufs;
1577         /* No zero copy backend? Nothing to count. */
1578         if (!zcopy)
1579                 return NULL;
1580         ubufs = kmalloc(sizeof *ubufs, GFP_KERNEL);
1581         if (!ubufs)
1582                 return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
1583         kref_init(&ubufs->kref);
1584         init_waitqueue_head(&ubufs->wait);
1585         ubufs->vq = vq;
1586         return ubufs;
1587 }
1588
1589 void vhost_ubuf_put(struct vhost_ubuf_ref *ubufs)
1590 {
1591         kref_put(&ubufs->kref, vhost_zerocopy_done_signal);
1592 }
1593
1594 void vhost_ubuf_put_and_wait(struct vhost_ubuf_ref *ubufs)
1595 {
1596         kref_put(&ubufs->kref, vhost_zerocopy_done_signal);
1597         wait_event(ubufs->wait, !atomic_read(&ubufs->kref.refcount));
1598         kfree(ubufs);
1599 }
1600
1601 void vhost_zerocopy_callback(struct ubuf_info *ubuf)
1602 {
1603         struct vhost_ubuf_ref *ubufs = ubuf->ctx;
1604         struct vhost_virtqueue *vq = ubufs->vq;
1605
1606         /* set len = 1 to mark this desc buffers done DMA */
1607         vq->heads[ubuf->desc].len = VHOST_DMA_DONE_LEN;
1608         kref_put(&ubufs->kref, vhost_zerocopy_done_signal);
1609 }