Revert "ARM: tegra: tegratab: dummy change"
[linux-2.6.git] / drivers / idle / i7300_idle.c
1 /*
2  * (C) Copyright 2008 Intel Corporation
3  * Authors:
4  * Andy Henroid <andrew.d.henroid@intel.com>
5  * Venkatesh Pallipadi <venkatesh.pallipadi@intel.com>
6  */
7
8 /*
9  * Save DIMM power on Intel 7300-based platforms when all CPUs/cores
10  * are idle, using the DIMM thermal throttling capability.
11  *
12  * This driver depends on the Intel integrated DMA controller (I/O AT).
13  * If the driver for I/O AT (drivers/dma/ioatdma*) is also enabled,
14  * this driver should work cooperatively.
15  */
16
17 /* #define DEBUG */
18
19 #include <linux/module.h>
20 #include <linux/pci.h>
21 #include <linux/gfp.h>
22 #include <linux/sched.h>
23 #include <linux/notifier.h>
24 #include <linux/cpumask.h>
25 #include <linux/ktime.h>
26 #include <linux/delay.h>
27 #include <linux/debugfs.h>
28 #include <linux/stop_machine.h>
29 #include <linux/i7300_idle.h>
30
31 #include <asm/idle.h>
32
33 #include "../dma/ioat/hw.h"
34 #include "../dma/ioat/registers.h"
35
36 #define I7300_IDLE_DRIVER_VERSION       "1.55"
37 #define I7300_PRINT                     "i7300_idle:"
38
39 #define MAX_STOP_RETRIES        10
40
41 static int debug;
42 module_param_named(debug, debug, uint, 0644);
43 MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "Enable debug printks in this driver");
44
45 static int forceload;
46 module_param_named(forceload, forceload, uint, 0644);
47 MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "Enable driver testing on unvalidated i5000");
48
49 #define dprintk(fmt, arg...) \
50         do { if (debug) printk(KERN_INFO I7300_PRINT fmt, ##arg); } while (0)
51
52 /*
53  * Value to set THRTLOW to when initiating throttling
54  *  0 = No throttling
55  *  1 = Throttle when > 4 activations per eval window (Maximum throttling)
56  *  2 = Throttle when > 8 activations
57  *  168 = Throttle when > 672 activations (Minimum throttling)
58  */
59 #define MAX_THROTTLE_LOW_LIMIT          168
60 static uint throttle_low_limit = 1;
61 module_param_named(throttle_low_limit, throttle_low_limit, uint, 0644);
62 MODULE_PARM_DESC(throttle_low_limit,
63                 "Value for THRTLOWLM activation field "
64                 "(0 = disable throttle, 1 = Max throttle, 168 = Min throttle)");
65
66 /*
67  * simple invocation and duration statistics
68  */
69 static unsigned long total_starts;
70 static unsigned long total_us;
71
72 #ifdef DEBUG
73 static unsigned long past_skip;
74 #endif
75
76 static struct pci_dev *fbd_dev;
77
78 static spinlock_t i7300_idle_lock;
79 static int i7300_idle_active;
80
81 static u8 i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved;
82 static u8 i7300_idle_thrtlow_saved;
83 static u32 i7300_idle_mc_saved;
84
85 static cpumask_var_t idle_cpumask;
86 static ktime_t start_ktime;
87 static unsigned long avg_idle_us;
88
89 static struct dentry *debugfs_dir;
90
91 /* Begin: I/O AT Helper routines */
92
93 #define IOAT_CHANBASE(ioat_ctl, chan) (ioat_ctl + 0x80 + 0x80 * chan)
94 /* Snoop control (disable snoops when coherency is not important) */
95 #define IOAT_DESC_SADDR_SNP_CTL (1UL << 1)
96 #define IOAT_DESC_DADDR_SNP_CTL (1UL << 2)
97
98 static struct pci_dev *ioat_dev;
99 static struct ioat_dma_descriptor *ioat_desc; /* I/O AT desc & data (1 page) */
100 static unsigned long ioat_desc_phys;
101 static u8 *ioat_iomap; /* I/O AT memory-mapped control regs (aka CB_BAR) */
102 static u8 *ioat_chanbase;
103
104 /* Start I/O AT memory copy */
105 static int i7300_idle_ioat_start(void)
106 {
107         u32 err;
108         /* Clear error (due to circular descriptor pointer) */
109         err = readl(ioat_chanbase + IOAT_CHANERR_OFFSET);
110         if (err)
111                 writel(err, ioat_chanbase + IOAT_CHANERR_OFFSET);
112
113         writeb(IOAT_CHANCMD_START, ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANCMD_OFFSET);
114         return 0;
115 }
116
117 /* Stop I/O AT memory copy */
118 static void i7300_idle_ioat_stop(void)
119 {
120         int i;
121         u64 sts;
122
123         for (i = 0; i < MAX_STOP_RETRIES; i++) {
124                 writeb(IOAT_CHANCMD_RESET,
125                         ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANCMD_OFFSET);
126
127                 udelay(10);
128
129                 sts = readq(ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANSTS_OFFSET) &
130                         IOAT_CHANSTS_STATUS;
131
132                 if (sts != IOAT_CHANSTS_ACTIVE)
133                         break;
134
135         }
136
137         if (i == MAX_STOP_RETRIES) {
138                 dprintk("failed to stop I/O AT after %d retries\n",
139                         MAX_STOP_RETRIES);
140         }
141 }
142
143 /* Test I/O AT by copying 1024 byte from 2k to 1k */
144 static int __init i7300_idle_ioat_selftest(u8 *ctl,
145                 struct ioat_dma_descriptor *desc, unsigned long desc_phys)
146 {
147         u64 chan_sts;
148
149         memset(desc, 0, 2048);
150         memset((u8 *) desc + 2048, 0xab, 1024);
151
152         desc[0].size = 1024;
153         desc[0].ctl = 0;
154         desc[0].src_addr = desc_phys + 2048;
155         desc[0].dst_addr = desc_phys + 1024;
156         desc[0].next = 0;
157
158         writeb(IOAT_CHANCMD_RESET, ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANCMD_OFFSET);
159         writeb(IOAT_CHANCMD_START, ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANCMD_OFFSET);
160
161         udelay(1000);
162
163         chan_sts = readq(ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANSTS_OFFSET) &
164                         IOAT_CHANSTS_STATUS;
165
166         if (chan_sts != IOAT_CHANSTS_DONE) {
167                 /* Not complete, reset the channel */
168                 writeb(IOAT_CHANCMD_RESET,
169                        ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANCMD_OFFSET);
170                 return -1;
171         }
172
173         if (*(u32 *) ((u8 *) desc + 3068) != 0xabababab ||
174             *(u32 *) ((u8 *) desc + 2044) != 0xabababab) {
175                 dprintk("Data values src 0x%x, dest 0x%x, memset 0x%x\n",
176                         *(u32 *) ((u8 *) desc + 2048),
177                         *(u32 *) ((u8 *) desc + 1024),
178                         *(u32 *) ((u8 *) desc + 3072));
179                 return -1;
180         }
181         return 0;
182 }
183
184 static struct device dummy_dma_dev = {
185         .init_name = "fallback device",
186         .coherent_dma_mask = DMA_BIT_MASK(64),
187         .dma_mask = &dummy_dma_dev.coherent_dma_mask,
188 };
189
190 /* Setup and initialize I/O AT */
191 /* This driver needs I/O AT as the throttling takes effect only when there is
192  * some memory activity. We use I/O AT to set up a dummy copy, while all CPUs
193  * go idle and memory is throttled.
194  */
195 static int __init i7300_idle_ioat_init(void)
196 {
197         u8 ver, chan_count, ioat_chan;
198         u16 chan_ctl;
199
200         ioat_iomap = (u8 *) ioremap_nocache(pci_resource_start(ioat_dev, 0),
201                                             pci_resource_len(ioat_dev, 0));
202
203         if (!ioat_iomap) {
204                 printk(KERN_ERR I7300_PRINT "failed to map I/O AT registers\n");
205                 goto err_ret;
206         }
207
208         ver = readb(ioat_iomap + IOAT_VER_OFFSET);
209         if (ver != IOAT_VER_1_2) {
210                 printk(KERN_ERR I7300_PRINT "unknown I/O AT version (%u.%u)\n",
211                         ver >> 4, ver & 0xf);
212                 goto err_unmap;
213         }
214
215         chan_count = readb(ioat_iomap + IOAT_CHANCNT_OFFSET);
216         if (!chan_count) {
217                 printk(KERN_ERR I7300_PRINT "unexpected # of I/O AT channels "
218                         "(%u)\n",
219                         chan_count);
220                 goto err_unmap;
221         }
222
223         ioat_chan = chan_count - 1;
224         ioat_chanbase = IOAT_CHANBASE(ioat_iomap, ioat_chan);
225
226         chan_ctl = readw(ioat_chanbase + IOAT_CHANCTRL_OFFSET);
227         if (chan_ctl & IOAT_CHANCTRL_CHANNEL_IN_USE) {
228                 printk(KERN_ERR I7300_PRINT "channel %d in use\n", ioat_chan);
229                 goto err_unmap;
230         }
231
232         writew(IOAT_CHANCTRL_CHANNEL_IN_USE,
233                 ioat_chanbase + IOAT_CHANCTRL_OFFSET);
234
235         ioat_desc = (struct ioat_dma_descriptor *)dma_alloc_coherent(
236                         &dummy_dma_dev, 4096,
237                         (dma_addr_t *)&ioat_desc_phys, GFP_KERNEL);
238         if (!ioat_desc) {
239                 printk(KERN_ERR I7300_PRINT "failed to allocate I/O AT desc\n");
240                 goto err_mark_unused;
241         }
242
243         writel(ioat_desc_phys & 0xffffffffUL,
244                ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHAINADDR_OFFSET_LOW);
245         writel(ioat_desc_phys >> 32,
246                ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHAINADDR_OFFSET_HIGH);
247
248         if (i7300_idle_ioat_selftest(ioat_iomap, ioat_desc, ioat_desc_phys)) {
249                 printk(KERN_ERR I7300_PRINT "I/O AT self-test failed\n");
250                 goto err_free;
251         }
252
253         /* Setup circular I/O AT descriptor chain */
254         ioat_desc[0].ctl = IOAT_DESC_SADDR_SNP_CTL | IOAT_DESC_DADDR_SNP_CTL;
255         ioat_desc[0].src_addr = ioat_desc_phys + 2048;
256         ioat_desc[0].dst_addr = ioat_desc_phys + 3072;
257         ioat_desc[0].size = 128;
258         ioat_desc[0].next = ioat_desc_phys + sizeof(struct ioat_dma_descriptor);
259
260         ioat_desc[1].ctl = ioat_desc[0].ctl;
261         ioat_desc[1].src_addr = ioat_desc[0].src_addr;
262         ioat_desc[1].dst_addr = ioat_desc[0].dst_addr;
263         ioat_desc[1].size = ioat_desc[0].size;
264         ioat_desc[1].next = ioat_desc_phys;
265
266         return 0;
267
268 err_free:
269         dma_free_coherent(&dummy_dma_dev, 4096, (void *)ioat_desc, 0);
270 err_mark_unused:
271         writew(0, ioat_chanbase + IOAT_CHANCTRL_OFFSET);
272 err_unmap:
273         iounmap(ioat_iomap);
274 err_ret:
275         return -ENODEV;
276 }
277
278 /* Cleanup I/O AT */
279 static void __exit i7300_idle_ioat_exit(void)
280 {
281         int i;
282         u64 chan_sts;
283
284         i7300_idle_ioat_stop();
285
286         /* Wait for a while for the channel to halt before releasing */
287         for (i = 0; i < MAX_STOP_RETRIES; i++) {
288                 writeb(IOAT_CHANCMD_RESET,
289                        ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANCMD_OFFSET);
290
291                 chan_sts = readq(ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANSTS_OFFSET) &
292                         IOAT_CHANSTS_STATUS;
293
294                 if (chan_sts != IOAT_CHANSTS_ACTIVE) {
295                         writew(0, ioat_chanbase + IOAT_CHANCTRL_OFFSET);
296                         break;
297                 }
298                 udelay(1000);
299         }
300
301         chan_sts = readq(ioat_chanbase + IOAT1_CHANSTS_OFFSET) &
302                         IOAT_CHANSTS_STATUS;
303
304         /*
305          * We tried to reset multiple times. If IO A/T channel is still active
306          * flag an error and return without cleanup. Memory leak is better
307          * than random corruption in that extreme error situation.
308          */
309         if (chan_sts == IOAT_CHANSTS_ACTIVE) {
310                 printk(KERN_ERR I7300_PRINT "Unable to stop IO A/T channels."
311                         " Not freeing resources\n");
312                 return;
313         }
314
315         dma_free_coherent(&dummy_dma_dev, 4096, (void *)ioat_desc, 0);
316         iounmap(ioat_iomap);
317 }
318
319 /* End: I/O AT Helper routines */
320
321 #define DIMM_THRTLOW 0x64
322 #define DIMM_THRTCTL 0x67
323 #define DIMM_THRTCTL_THRMHUNT (1UL << 0)
324 #define DIMM_MC 0x40
325 #define DIMM_GTW_MODE (1UL << 17)
326 #define DIMM_GBLACT 0x60
327
328 /*
329  * Keep track of an exponential-decaying average of recent idle durations.
330  * The latest duration gets DURATION_WEIGHT_PCT percentage weight
331  * in this average, with the old average getting the remaining weight.
332  *
333  * High weights emphasize recent history, low weights include long history.
334  */
335 #define DURATION_WEIGHT_PCT 55
336
337 /*
338  * When the decaying average of recent durations or the predicted duration
339  * of the next timer interrupt is shorter than duration_threshold, the
340  * driver will decline to throttle.
341  */
342 #define DURATION_THRESHOLD_US 100
343
344
345 /* Store DIMM thermal throttle configuration */
346 static int i7300_idle_thrt_save(void)
347 {
348         u32 new_mc_val;
349         u8 gblactlm;
350
351         pci_read_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTCTL, &i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved);
352         pci_read_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTLOW, &i7300_idle_thrtlow_saved);
353         pci_read_config_dword(fbd_dev, DIMM_MC, &i7300_idle_mc_saved);
354         /*
355          * Make sure we have Global Throttling Window Mode set to have a
356          * "short" window. This (mostly) works around an issue where
357          * throttling persists until the end of the global throttling window
358          * size. On the tested system, this was resulting in a maximum of
359          * 64 ms to exit throttling (average 32 ms). The actual numbers
360          * depends on system frequencies. Setting the short window reduces
361          * this by a factor of 4096.
362          *
363          * We will only do this only if the system is set for
364          * unlimited-activations while in open-loop throttling (i.e., when
365          * Global Activation Throttle Limit is zero).
366          */
367         pci_read_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_GBLACT, &gblactlm);
368         dprintk("thrtctl_saved = 0x%02x, thrtlow_saved = 0x%02x\n",
369                 i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved,
370                 i7300_idle_thrtlow_saved);
371         dprintk("mc_saved = 0x%08x, gblactlm = 0x%02x\n",
372                 i7300_idle_mc_saved,
373                 gblactlm);
374         if (gblactlm == 0) {
375                 new_mc_val = i7300_idle_mc_saved | DIMM_GTW_MODE;
376                 pci_write_config_dword(fbd_dev, DIMM_MC, new_mc_val);
377                 return 0;
378         } else {
379                 dprintk("could not set GTW_MODE = 1 (OLTT enabled)\n");
380                 return -ENODEV;
381         }
382 }
383
384 /* Restore DIMM thermal throttle configuration */
385 static void i7300_idle_thrt_restore(void)
386 {
387         pci_write_config_dword(fbd_dev, DIMM_MC, i7300_idle_mc_saved);
388         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTLOW, i7300_idle_thrtlow_saved);
389         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTCTL, i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved);
390 }
391
392 /* Enable DIMM thermal throttling */
393 static void i7300_idle_start(void)
394 {
395         u8 new_ctl;
396         u8 limit;
397
398         new_ctl = i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved & ~DIMM_THRTCTL_THRMHUNT;
399         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTCTL, new_ctl);
400
401         limit = throttle_low_limit;
402         if (unlikely(limit > MAX_THROTTLE_LOW_LIMIT))
403                 limit = MAX_THROTTLE_LOW_LIMIT;
404
405         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTLOW, limit);
406
407         new_ctl = i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved | DIMM_THRTCTL_THRMHUNT;
408         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTCTL, new_ctl);
409 }
410
411 /* Disable DIMM thermal throttling */
412 static void i7300_idle_stop(void)
413 {
414         u8 new_ctl;
415         u8 got_ctl;
416
417         new_ctl = i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved & ~DIMM_THRTCTL_THRMHUNT;
418         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTCTL, new_ctl);
419
420         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTLOW, i7300_idle_thrtlow_saved);
421         pci_write_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTCTL, i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved);
422         pci_read_config_byte(fbd_dev, DIMM_THRTCTL, &got_ctl);
423         WARN_ON_ONCE(got_ctl != i7300_idle_thrtctl_saved);
424 }
425
426
427 /*
428  * i7300_avg_duration_check()
429  * return 0 if the decaying average of recent idle durations is
430  * more than DURATION_THRESHOLD_US
431  */
432 static int i7300_avg_duration_check(void)
433 {
434         if (avg_idle_us >= DURATION_THRESHOLD_US)
435                 return 0;
436
437 #ifdef DEBUG
438         past_skip++;
439 #endif
440         return 1;
441 }
442
443 /* Idle notifier to look at idle CPUs */
444 static int i7300_idle_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val,
445                                 void *data)
446 {
447         unsigned long flags;
448         ktime_t now_ktime;
449         static ktime_t idle_begin_time;
450         static int time_init = 1;
451
452         if (!throttle_low_limit)
453                 return 0;
454
455         if (unlikely(time_init)) {
456                 time_init = 0;
457                 idle_begin_time = ktime_get();
458         }
459
460         spin_lock_irqsave(&i7300_idle_lock, flags);
461         if (val == IDLE_START) {
462
463                 cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), idle_cpumask);
464
465                 if (cpumask_weight(idle_cpumask) != num_online_cpus())
466                         goto end;
467
468                 now_ktime = ktime_get();
469                 idle_begin_time = now_ktime;
470
471                 if (i7300_avg_duration_check())
472                         goto end;
473
474                 i7300_idle_active = 1;
475                 total_starts++;
476                 start_ktime = now_ktime;
477
478                 i7300_idle_start();
479                 i7300_idle_ioat_start();
480
481         } else if (val == IDLE_END) {
482                 cpumask_clear_cpu(smp_processor_id(), idle_cpumask);
483                 if (cpumask_weight(idle_cpumask) == (num_online_cpus() - 1)) {
484                         /* First CPU coming out of idle */
485                         u64 idle_duration_us;
486
487                         now_ktime = ktime_get();
488
489                         idle_duration_us = ktime_to_us(ktime_sub
490                                                 (now_ktime, idle_begin_time));
491
492                         avg_idle_us =
493                                 ((100 - DURATION_WEIGHT_PCT) * avg_idle_us +
494                                  DURATION_WEIGHT_PCT * idle_duration_us) / 100;
495
496                         if (i7300_idle_active) {
497                                 ktime_t idle_ktime;
498
499                                 idle_ktime = ktime_sub(now_ktime, start_ktime);
500                                 total_us += ktime_to_us(idle_ktime);
501
502                                 i7300_idle_ioat_stop();
503                                 i7300_idle_stop();
504                                 i7300_idle_active = 0;
505                         }
506                 }
507         }
508 end:
509         spin_unlock_irqrestore(&i7300_idle_lock, flags);
510         return 0;
511 }
512
513 static struct notifier_block i7300_idle_nb = {
514         .notifier_call = i7300_idle_notifier,
515 };
516
517 MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, pci_tbl);
518
519 static ssize_t stats_read_ul(struct file *fp, char __user *ubuf, size_t count,
520                                 loff_t *off)
521 {
522         unsigned long *p = fp->private_data;
523         char buf[32];
524         int len;
525
526         len = snprintf(buf, 32, "%lu\n", *p);
527         return simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, count, off, buf, len);
528 }
529
530 static const struct file_operations idle_fops = {
531         .open   = simple_open,
532         .read   = stats_read_ul,
533         .llseek = default_llseek,
534 };
535
536 struct debugfs_file_info {
537         void *ptr;
538         char name[32];
539         struct dentry *file;
540 } debugfs_file_list[] = {
541                                 {&total_starts, "total_starts", NULL},
542                                 {&total_us, "total_us", NULL},
543 #ifdef DEBUG
544                                 {&past_skip, "past_skip", NULL},
545 #endif
546                                 {NULL, "", NULL}
547                         };
548
549 static int __init i7300_idle_init(void)
550 {
551         spin_lock_init(&i7300_idle_lock);
552         total_us = 0;
553
554         if (i7300_idle_platform_probe(&fbd_dev, &ioat_dev, forceload))
555                 return -ENODEV;
556
557         if (i7300_idle_thrt_save())
558                 return -ENODEV;
559
560         if (i7300_idle_ioat_init())
561                 return -ENODEV;
562
563         if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&idle_cpumask, GFP_KERNEL))
564                 return -ENOMEM;
565
566         debugfs_dir = debugfs_create_dir("i7300_idle", NULL);
567         if (debugfs_dir) {
568                 int i = 0;
569
570                 while (debugfs_file_list[i].ptr != NULL) {
571                         debugfs_file_list[i].file = debugfs_create_file(
572                                         debugfs_file_list[i].name,
573                                         S_IRUSR,
574                                         debugfs_dir,
575                                         debugfs_file_list[i].ptr,
576                                         &idle_fops);
577                         i++;
578                 }
579         }
580
581         idle_notifier_register(&i7300_idle_nb);
582
583         printk(KERN_INFO "i7300_idle: loaded v%s\n", I7300_IDLE_DRIVER_VERSION);
584         return 0;
585 }
586
587 static void __exit i7300_idle_exit(void)
588 {
589         idle_notifier_unregister(&i7300_idle_nb);
590         free_cpumask_var(idle_cpumask);
591
592         if (debugfs_dir) {
593                 int i = 0;
594
595                 while (debugfs_file_list[i].file != NULL) {
596                         debugfs_remove(debugfs_file_list[i].file);
597                         i++;
598                 }
599
600                 debugfs_remove(debugfs_dir);
601         }
602         i7300_idle_thrt_restore();
603         i7300_idle_ioat_exit();
604 }
605
606 module_init(i7300_idle_init);
607 module_exit(i7300_idle_exit);
608
609 MODULE_AUTHOR("Andy Henroid <andrew.d.henroid@intel.com>");
610 MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel Chipset DIMM Idle Power Saving Driver v"
611                         I7300_IDLE_DRIVER_VERSION);
612 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");