[PATCH] kernel-doc for kernel/resource.c
[linux-2.6.git] / Documentation / DocBook / kernel-api.tmpl
1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 <!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.1.2//EN"
3         "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.1.2/docbookx.dtd" []>
4
5 <book id="LinuxKernelAPI">
6  <bookinfo>
7   <title>The Linux Kernel API</title>
8   
9   <legalnotice>
10    <para>
11      This documentation is free software; you can redistribute
12      it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
13      License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
14      version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later
15      version.
16    </para>
17       
18    <para>
19      This program is distributed in the hope that it will be
20      useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
21      warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
22      See the GNU General Public License for more details.
23    </para>
24       
25    <para>
26      You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
27      License along with this program; if not, write to the Free
28      Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
29      MA 02111-1307 USA
30    </para>
31       
32    <para>
33      For more details see the file COPYING in the source
34      distribution of Linux.
35    </para>
36   </legalnotice>
37  </bookinfo>
38
39 <toc></toc>
40
41   <chapter id="Basics">
42      <title>Driver Basics</title>
43      <sect1><title>Driver Entry and Exit points</title>
44 !Iinclude/linux/init.h
45      </sect1>
46
47      <sect1><title>Atomic and pointer manipulation</title>
48 !Iinclude/asm-i386/atomic.h
49 !Iinclude/asm-i386/unaligned.h
50      </sect1>
51
52      <sect1><title>Delaying, scheduling, and timer routines</title>
53 !Iinclude/linux/sched.h
54 !Ekernel/sched.c
55 !Ekernel/timer.c
56      </sect1>
57      <sect1><title>High-resolution timers</title>
58 !Iinclude/linux/ktime.h
59 !Iinclude/linux/hrtimer.h
60 !Ekernel/hrtimer.c
61      </sect1>
62      <sect1><title>Workqueues and Kevents</title>
63 !Ekernel/workqueue.c
64      </sect1>
65      <sect1><title>Internal Functions</title>
66 !Ikernel/exit.c
67 !Ikernel/signal.c
68 !Iinclude/linux/kthread.h
69 !Ekernel/kthread.c
70      </sect1>
71
72      <sect1><title>Kernel objects manipulation</title>
73 <!--
74 X!Iinclude/linux/kobject.h
75 -->
76 !Elib/kobject.c
77      </sect1>
78
79      <sect1><title>Kernel utility functions</title>
80 !Iinclude/linux/kernel.h
81 !Ekernel/printk.c
82 !Ekernel/panic.c
83 !Ekernel/sys.c
84 !Ekernel/rcupdate.c
85      </sect1>
86
87   </chapter>
88
89   <chapter id="adt">
90      <title>Data Types</title>
91      <sect1><title>Doubly Linked Lists</title>
92 !Iinclude/linux/list.h
93      </sect1>
94   </chapter>
95
96   <chapter id="libc">
97      <title>Basic C Library Functions</title>
98
99      <para>
100        When writing drivers, you cannot in general use routines which are
101        from the C Library.  Some of the functions have been found generally
102        useful and they are listed below.  The behaviour of these functions
103        may vary slightly from those defined by ANSI, and these deviations
104        are noted in the text.
105      </para>
106
107      <sect1><title>String Conversions</title>
108 !Ilib/vsprintf.c
109 !Elib/vsprintf.c
110      </sect1>
111      <sect1><title>String Manipulation</title>
112 <!-- All functions are exported at now
113 X!Ilib/string.c
114  -->
115 !Elib/string.c
116      </sect1>
117      <sect1><title>Bit Operations</title>
118 !Iinclude/asm-i386/bitops.h
119      </sect1>
120   </chapter>
121
122   <chapter id="kernel-lib">
123      <title>Basic Kernel Library Functions</title>
124
125      <para>
126        The Linux kernel provides more basic utility functions.
127      </para>
128
129      <sect1><title>Bitmap Operations</title>
130 !Elib/bitmap.c
131 !Ilib/bitmap.c
132      </sect1>
133
134      <sect1><title>Command-line Parsing</title>
135 !Elib/cmdline.c
136      </sect1>
137
138      <sect1><title>CRC Functions</title>
139 !Elib/crc16.c
140 !Elib/crc32.c
141 !Elib/crc-ccitt.c
142      </sect1>
143   </chapter>
144
145   <chapter id="mm">
146      <title>Memory Management in Linux</title>
147      <sect1><title>The Slab Cache</title>
148 !Iinclude/linux/slab.h
149 !Emm/slab.c
150      </sect1>
151      <sect1><title>User Space Memory Access</title>
152 !Iinclude/asm-i386/uaccess.h
153 !Earch/i386/lib/usercopy.c
154      </sect1>
155      <sect1><title>More Memory Management Functions</title>
156 !Iinclude/linux/rmap.h
157 !Emm/readahead.c
158 !Emm/filemap.c
159 !Emm/memory.c
160 !Emm/vmalloc.c
161 !Emm/mempool.c
162 !Emm/page-writeback.c
163 !Emm/truncate.c
164      </sect1>
165   </chapter>
166
167
168   <chapter id="ipc">
169      <title>Kernel IPC facilities</title>
170
171      <sect1><title>IPC utilities</title>
172 !Iipc/util.c
173      </sect1>
174   </chapter>
175
176   <chapter id="kfifo">
177      <title>FIFO Buffer</title>
178      <sect1><title>kfifo interface</title>
179 !Iinclude/linux/kfifo.h
180 !Ekernel/kfifo.c
181      </sect1>
182   </chapter>
183
184   <chapter id="vfs">
185      <title>The Linux VFS</title>
186      <sect1><title>The Filesystem types</title>
187 !Iinclude/linux/fs.h
188      </sect1>
189      <sect1><title>The Directory Cache</title>
190 !Efs/dcache.c
191 !Iinclude/linux/dcache.h
192      </sect1>
193      <sect1><title>Inode Handling</title>
194 !Efs/inode.c
195 !Efs/bad_inode.c
196      </sect1>
197      <sect1><title>Registration and Superblocks</title>
198 !Efs/super.c
199      </sect1>
200      <sect1><title>File Locks</title>
201 !Efs/locks.c
202 !Ifs/locks.c
203      </sect1>
204      <sect1><title>Other Functions</title>
205 !Efs/mpage.c
206 !Efs/namei.c
207 !Efs/buffer.c
208 !Efs/bio.c
209 !Efs/seq_file.c
210 !Efs/filesystems.c
211 !Efs/fs-writeback.c
212 !Efs/block_dev.c
213      </sect1>
214   </chapter>
215
216   <chapter id="proc">
217      <title>The proc filesystem</title>
218  
219      <sect1><title>sysctl interface</title>
220 !Ekernel/sysctl.c
221      </sect1>
222
223      <sect1><title>proc filesystem interface</title>
224 !Ifs/proc/base.c
225      </sect1>
226   </chapter>
227
228   <chapter id="sysfs">
229      <title>The Filesystem for Exporting Kernel Objects</title>
230 !Efs/sysfs/file.c
231 !Efs/sysfs/symlink.c
232 !Efs/sysfs/bin.c
233   </chapter>
234
235   <chapter id="debugfs">
236      <title>The debugfs filesystem</title>
237  
238      <sect1><title>debugfs interface</title>
239 !Efs/debugfs/inode.c
240 !Efs/debugfs/file.c
241      </sect1>
242   </chapter>
243
244   <chapter id="relayfs">
245      <title>relay interface support</title>
246
247      <para>
248         Relay interface support
249         is designed to provide an efficient mechanism for tools and
250         facilities to relay large amounts of data from kernel space to
251         user space.
252      </para>
253
254      <sect1><title>relay interface</title>
255 !Ekernel/relay.c
256 !Ikernel/relay.c
257      </sect1>
258   </chapter>
259
260   <chapter id="netcore">
261      <title>Linux Networking</title>
262      <sect1><title>Networking Base Types</title>
263 !Iinclude/linux/net.h
264      </sect1>
265      <sect1><title>Socket Buffer Functions</title>
266 !Iinclude/linux/skbuff.h
267 !Iinclude/net/sock.h
268 !Enet/socket.c
269 !Enet/core/skbuff.c
270 !Enet/core/sock.c
271 !Enet/core/datagram.c
272 !Enet/core/stream.c
273      </sect1>
274      <sect1><title>Socket Filter</title>
275 !Enet/core/filter.c
276      </sect1>
277      <sect1><title>Generic Network Statistics</title>
278 !Iinclude/linux/gen_stats.h
279 !Enet/core/gen_stats.c
280 !Enet/core/gen_estimator.c
281      </sect1>
282      <sect1><title>SUN RPC subsystem</title>
283 <!-- The !D functionality is not perfect, garbage has to be protected by comments
284 !Dnet/sunrpc/sunrpc_syms.c
285 -->
286 !Enet/sunrpc/xdr.c
287 !Enet/sunrpc/svcsock.c
288 !Enet/sunrpc/sched.c
289      </sect1>
290   </chapter>
291
292   <chapter id="netdev">
293      <title>Network device support</title>
294      <sect1><title>Driver Support</title>
295 !Enet/core/dev.c
296 !Enet/ethernet/eth.c
297 !Iinclude/linux/etherdevice.h
298 <!-- FIXME: Removed for now since no structured comments in source
299 X!Enet/core/wireless.c
300 -->
301      </sect1>
302      <sect1><title>Synchronous PPP</title>
303 !Edrivers/net/wan/syncppp.c
304      </sect1>
305   </chapter>
306
307   <chapter id="modload">
308      <title>Module Support</title>
309      <sect1><title>Module Loading</title>
310 !Ekernel/kmod.c
311      </sect1>
312      <sect1><title>Inter Module support</title>
313         <para>
314            Refer to the file kernel/module.c for more information.
315         </para>
316 <!-- FIXME: Removed for now since no structured comments in source
317 X!Ekernel/module.c
318 -->
319      </sect1>
320   </chapter>
321
322   <chapter id="hardware">
323      <title>Hardware Interfaces</title>
324      <sect1><title>Interrupt Handling</title>
325 !Ekernel/irq/manage.c
326      </sect1>
327
328      <sect1><title>DMA Channels</title>
329 !Ekernel/dma.c
330      </sect1>
331
332      <sect1><title>Resources Management</title>
333 !Ikernel/resource.c
334 !Ekernel/resource.c
335      </sect1>
336
337      <sect1><title>MTRR Handling</title>
338 !Earch/i386/kernel/cpu/mtrr/main.c
339      </sect1>
340
341      <sect1><title>PCI Support Library</title>
342 !Edrivers/pci/pci.c
343 !Edrivers/pci/pci-driver.c
344 !Edrivers/pci/remove.c
345 !Edrivers/pci/pci-acpi.c
346 !Edrivers/pci/search.c
347 !Edrivers/pci/msi.c
348 !Edrivers/pci/bus.c
349 <!-- FIXME: Removed for now since no structured comments in source
350 X!Edrivers/pci/hotplug.c
351 -->
352 !Edrivers/pci/probe.c
353 !Edrivers/pci/rom.c
354      </sect1>
355      <sect1><title>PCI Hotplug Support Library</title>
356 !Edrivers/pci/hotplug/pci_hotplug_core.c
357      </sect1>
358      <sect1><title>MCA Architecture</title>
359         <sect2><title>MCA Device Functions</title>
360            <para>
361               Refer to the file arch/i386/kernel/mca.c for more information.
362            </para>
363 <!-- FIXME: Removed for now since no structured comments in source
364 X!Earch/i386/kernel/mca.c
365 -->
366         </sect2>
367         <sect2><title>MCA Bus DMA</title>
368 !Iinclude/asm-i386/mca_dma.h
369         </sect2>
370      </sect1>
371   </chapter>
372
373   <chapter id="firmware">
374      <title>Firmware Interfaces</title>
375      <sect1><title>DMI Interfaces</title>
376 !Edrivers/firmware/dmi_scan.c
377      </sect1>
378   </chapter>
379
380   <chapter id="security">
381      <title>Security Framework</title>
382 !Esecurity/security.c
383   </chapter>
384
385   <chapter id="audit">
386      <title>Audit Interfaces</title>
387 !Ekernel/audit.c
388 !Ikernel/auditsc.c
389 !Ikernel/auditfilter.c
390   </chapter>
391
392   <chapter id="accounting">
393      <title>Accounting Framework</title>
394 !Ikernel/acct.c
395   </chapter>
396
397   <chapter id="pmfuncs">
398      <title>Power Management</title>
399 !Ekernel/power/pm.c
400   </chapter>
401
402   <chapter id="devdrivers">
403      <title>Device drivers infrastructure</title>
404      <sect1><title>Device Drivers Base</title>
405 <!--
406 X!Iinclude/linux/device.h
407 -->
408 !Edrivers/base/driver.c
409 !Edrivers/base/core.c
410 !Edrivers/base/class.c
411 !Edrivers/base/firmware_class.c
412 !Edrivers/base/transport_class.c
413 !Edrivers/base/dmapool.c
414 <!-- Cannot be included, because
415      attribute_container_add_class_device_adapter
416  and attribute_container_classdev_to_container
417      exceed allowed 44 characters maximum
418 X!Edrivers/base/attribute_container.c
419 -->
420 !Edrivers/base/sys.c
421 <!--
422 X!Edrivers/base/interface.c
423 -->
424 !Edrivers/base/platform.c
425 !Edrivers/base/bus.c
426      </sect1>
427      <sect1><title>Device Drivers Power Management</title>
428 !Edrivers/base/power/main.c
429 !Edrivers/base/power/resume.c
430 !Edrivers/base/power/suspend.c
431      </sect1>
432      <sect1><title>Device Drivers ACPI Support</title>
433 <!-- Internal functions only
434 X!Edrivers/acpi/sleep/main.c
435 X!Edrivers/acpi/sleep/wakeup.c
436 X!Edrivers/acpi/motherboard.c
437 X!Edrivers/acpi/bus.c
438 -->
439 !Edrivers/acpi/scan.c
440 !Idrivers/acpi/scan.c
441 <!-- No correct structured comments
442 X!Edrivers/acpi/pci_bind.c
443 -->
444      </sect1>
445      <sect1><title>Device drivers PnP support</title>
446 !Edrivers/pnp/core.c
447 <!-- No correct structured comments
448 X!Edrivers/pnp/system.c
449  -->
450 !Edrivers/pnp/card.c
451 !Edrivers/pnp/driver.c
452 !Edrivers/pnp/manager.c
453 !Edrivers/pnp/support.c
454      </sect1>
455   </chapter>
456
457   <chapter id="blkdev">
458      <title>Block Devices</title>
459 !Eblock/ll_rw_blk.c
460   </chapter>
461
462   <chapter id="chrdev">
463         <title>Char devices</title>
464 !Efs/char_dev.c
465   </chapter>
466
467   <chapter id="miscdev">
468      <title>Miscellaneous Devices</title>
469 !Edrivers/char/misc.c
470   </chapter>
471
472   <chapter id="parportdev">
473      <title>Parallel Port Devices</title>
474 !Iinclude/linux/parport.h
475 !Edrivers/parport/ieee1284.c
476 !Edrivers/parport/share.c
477 !Idrivers/parport/daisy.c
478   </chapter>
479
480   <chapter id="viddev">
481      <title>Video4Linux</title>
482 !Edrivers/media/video/videodev.c
483   </chapter>
484
485   <chapter id="snddev">
486      <title>Sound Devices</title>
487 !Iinclude/sound/core.h
488 !Esound/sound_core.c
489 !Iinclude/sound/pcm.h
490 !Esound/core/pcm.c
491 !Esound/core/device.c
492 !Esound/core/info.c
493 !Esound/core/rawmidi.c
494 !Esound/core/sound.c
495 !Esound/core/memory.c
496 !Esound/core/pcm_memory.c
497 !Esound/core/init.c
498 !Esound/core/isadma.c
499 !Esound/core/control.c
500 !Esound/core/pcm_lib.c
501 !Esound/core/hwdep.c
502 !Esound/core/pcm_native.c
503 !Esound/core/memalloc.c
504 <!-- FIXME: Removed for now since no structured comments in source
505 X!Isound/sound_firmware.c
506 -->
507   </chapter>
508
509   <chapter id="uart16x50">
510      <title>16x50 UART Driver</title>
511 !Iinclude/linux/serial_core.h
512 !Edrivers/serial/serial_core.c
513 !Edrivers/serial/8250.c
514   </chapter>
515
516   <chapter id="z85230">
517      <title>Z85230 Support Library</title>
518 !Edrivers/net/wan/z85230.c
519   </chapter>
520
521   <chapter id="fbdev">
522      <title>Frame Buffer Library</title>
523
524      <para>
525        The frame buffer drivers depend heavily on four data structures.  
526        These structures are declared in include/linux/fb.h.  They are 
527        fb_info, fb_var_screeninfo, fb_fix_screeninfo and fb_monospecs. 
528        The last three can be made available to and from userland. 
529      </para>
530
531      <para>
532        fb_info defines the current state of a particular video card. 
533        Inside fb_info, there exists a fb_ops structure which is a 
534        collection of needed functions to make fbdev and fbcon work.
535        fb_info is only visible to the kernel.
536      </para>
537
538      <para>
539        fb_var_screeninfo is used to describe the features of a video card 
540        that are user defined.  With fb_var_screeninfo, things such as
541        depth and the resolution may be defined.
542      </para>
543
544      <para>
545        The next structure is fb_fix_screeninfo. This defines the 
546        properties of a card that are created when a mode is set and can't 
547        be changed otherwise.  A good example of this is the start of the 
548        frame buffer memory.  This "locks" the address of the frame buffer
549        memory, so that it cannot be changed or moved.
550      </para>
551
552      <para>
553        The last structure is fb_monospecs. In the old API, there was 
554        little importance for fb_monospecs. This allowed for forbidden things 
555        such as setting a mode of 800x600 on a fix frequency monitor. With 
556        the new API, fb_monospecs prevents such things, and if used 
557        correctly, can prevent a monitor from being cooked.  fb_monospecs
558        will not be useful until kernels 2.5.x.
559      </para>
560
561      <sect1><title>Frame Buffer Memory</title>
562 !Edrivers/video/fbmem.c
563      </sect1>
564 <!--
565      <sect1><title>Frame Buffer Console</title>
566 X!Edrivers/video/console/fbcon.c
567      </sect1>
568 -->
569      <sect1><title>Frame Buffer Colormap</title>
570 !Edrivers/video/fbcmap.c
571      </sect1>
572 <!-- FIXME:
573   drivers/video/fbgen.c has no docs, which stuffs up the sgml.  Comment
574   out until somebody adds docs.  KAO
575      <sect1><title>Frame Buffer Generic Functions</title>
576 X!Idrivers/video/fbgen.c
577      </sect1>
578 KAO -->
579      <sect1><title>Frame Buffer Video Mode Database</title>
580 !Idrivers/video/modedb.c
581 !Edrivers/video/modedb.c
582      </sect1>
583      <sect1><title>Frame Buffer Macintosh Video Mode Database</title>
584 !Edrivers/video/macmodes.c
585      </sect1>
586      <sect1><title>Frame Buffer Fonts</title>
587         <para>
588            Refer to the file drivers/video/console/fonts.c for more information.
589         </para>
590 <!-- FIXME: Removed for now since no structured comments in source
591 X!Idrivers/video/console/fonts.c
592 -->
593      </sect1>
594   </chapter>
595 </book>